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Understanding Your Learning Style The three senses used most frequently in learning are sight, hearing, and touch (which includes physical activity). The sense you most rely on when studying determines your learning style—visual, auditory, print-oriented, or kinesthetic. Determine your learning style from the following descriptions and try the suggested learning strategies. Learning Style Visual learners usually:  learn information best when they see it Learning Strategies Visual learners should: --sit where they can focus on the prof --study pictures, tables, charts, graphs diagrams, slides, photographs --use diagrams, charts, mind maps, sketches to record lecture notes --create mental images of what the prof says --visualize facts to be memorized --use different coloured pens to annotate notes --colour code notes, e.g., white for lecture notes, yellow for notes from text --ask for written directions --read directions on assignments and exams --study in a quiet environment Auditory learners should: --listen carefully to lectures --tape lectures (with the prof’s permission) --participate in class discussions --read textbooks, articles, lecture notes out loud --tape readings of texts, etc. --read their own writing out loud when working on essays --talk through problems --join a study group (both to listen and talk to others) --use memory devices with patterns of sounds (e.g., jingles, rhymes) --ask for directions or exam questions to be read aloud or put on tape

have a strong sense of colour have difficulty with spoken directions over-react to sounds

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Auditory learners usually:  learn information best when they hear it

may have difficulty with written directions

try talking through the steps when solving a math problem.” the better able you’ll be to master course content and do well on exams.Print-oriented learners usually:  learn best from reading  remember information they write down Print-oriented learners should: --do all assigned readings for class --do supplementary reading from other texts. The more “tools” there are in your learning “toolbox. For instance. memorize while walking or exercising --take frequent breaks from studying and do something physical Kinesthetic learners usually:  learn best by experiencing information  learn during physical activity  have difficulty sitting still If you find that your preferred learning style isn’t working for a particular course. try making a chart summarizing key concepts. solve problems. try strategies for other learning styles. etc. if you’re a visual learner. If you’re an auditory learning. . do labs and experiments --use hands-on activities --learn by trial and error (try different approaches until something works) --move about the room while studying --trace words to remember facts --rewrite or type notes to reinforce learning --use gestures to help them memorize formulae or steps in a process --review material. --take notes on readings and from lectures --review notes regularly Kinesthetic learners should: --act out ideas through role playing --play simulation games --make models.