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RYERSON UNIVERSITY LEARNING SUPPORT SERVICES

How to Prepare for and Give an Oral Presentation Preparing Content 1. Know your purpose. Ask  If I am giving this presentation to explain/inform, what do I want my audience to know?  If I am giving this presentation to persuade, what do I want my audience to believe or to do? 2. Analyse your audience. Ask  Who is my audience?  What does my audience expect from this presentation?  Why should my audience be interested in and care about this topic?  What does my audience already know about the topic? What does the audience need and want to know?  What is the audience’s attitude toward the subject—positive? negative? neutral? 3. Determine how much you already know about and/or what approach you could take to the topic. Try  brainstorming by putting the topic in the centre of a blank page and surrounding it with whatever ideas, thoughts, questions, etc. come to mind  making a list of ideas, facts, examples, etc.  freewriting on the topic for ten minutes (writing continuously without stopping to make corrections)  answering questions related to the topic such as who, what, where, when, why, how? 4. Tentatively determine your main focus for the presentation. Ask  What point do I want to make about my topic?  How do I want to present the information? For example, will I explain how to do something, explain causes and/or effects, describe problems and offer solutions, present and support an opinion?  What key pieces of evidence/support can I use to develop this point? 5. If necessary, conduct research to add to your existing knowledge. 6. Write and revise drafts of the presentation until you are satisfied that it is interesting, well supported, clearly organized, and expressed in clear, simple diction and sentence structure. Writing a good presentation is a complex process. The following are only general guidelines about how to develop and organize your presentation.

 Provide an overview by telling your audience what to expect.”  Reinforce the main points through summarizing them and stressing their importance.. enunciate clearly. statistics. Delivery Techniques      Before the presentation.  Organize the material effectively as the topic requires. Then PRACTICE. anecdotes. offer recommendations. Use a “heightened conversational” style of speaking. the audience is on your side and will be willing to overlook a few small slips. such as facts. and use gestures that are natural to you. reasons. Use a relaxed. comfortable posture (but don’t lean on the podium). don’t shift from foot to foot or pace. Don’t confess to being nervous. and avoid fillers such as “um.INTRODUCTION:  Provide context by giving any necessary background information and explaining the importance of the topic. Don’ just trail off or say. prepare note cards so that you can use them as prompts rather than reading from a full script. PRACTICE. the main point of the presentation and the way you have organized the major pieces of supporting information.e. relax by taking a few deep breaths Show controlled enthusiasm for your subject.” Unless you are asking a question. up-to-date information. don’t raise your voice at the end of a sentence.. PRACTICE. e. and humour (if appropriate and tasteful). the equipment if you are using visual aids). Immediately before the presentation. check out the room (the location of the podium. Maintain eye contact by looking randomly at or slightly above the heads   . Use your normal tone of voice. i. BODY:  Support your main point with enough relevant. You will not appear as nervous as you feel. don’t speak too quickly or slowly.g. CONCLUSION:  The conclusion should give the presentation a sense of completeness. chronological order or from simplest concepts to most complex. When you have written the presentation. examples. quotations from experts.  If needed. “That’s it. preferably in front of friends or family members. definitions. the lighting.  Use transitional (joining) words and phrases within and between paragraphs to show how ideas are connected. Besides. don’t jingle keys or coins in pockets or fidget with notes.

.of different members of the audience.