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Judas plans to hand Jesus over 14:10-11

v10 Judas Iscariot was one of the 12 *apostles. He went to the chief priests in order to hand Jesus over to them. v11 They were pleased when they heard that. They promised to give him money. Judas looked for an opportunity to hand Jesus over to his enemies. Verses 1-2 and 10-11 record the priests‟ wish to kill Jesus and Judas‟s plan to help them. The story of the woman who *anointed Jesus comes in between. Mark contrasts the generous love of the woman with the hate of Jesus‟ enemies. Verses 10-11 „One of the 12‟ emphasises how wicked Judas‟s action was. He should have been loyal to the Master who had chosen him specially. Jesus trusted him as a friend. Nobody knows why Judas agreed to help the priests. He would tell them where they could find Jesus away from the crowds. Possible reasons why Judas agreed to help the priests are: 1 He may have wanted a lot of money. John says that Judas was in charge of the *disciples‟ money. He used to steal small amounts for himself (John 12:6). Thirty (30) pieces of silver was not a large sum of money. But Judas may have expected a larger reward. He asked the priests what they would give him. (See Matthew 26:15.) 2 His name „Iscariot‟ may mean „man from Kerioth‟. Kerioth was in Judea. So, he was the only *apostle who did not come from Galilee. He was perhaps jealous of Peter, James and John. Only these three men had been with Jesus on some special occasions. Perhaps Judas thought that he deserved more honour. But Jesus had not given it to him. 3 He may have belonged to the „Eager Men‟. They wanted to free the nation from *Roman rule by force. Judas was disappointed that Jesus was not going to establish a political *kingdom on earth. He was hoping for an important place in that *kingdom. His selfish ambition made him turn against Jesus. Perhaps he wanted to cause a situation that would force Jesus to show his power. Judas thought that he knew what Jesus should do. He thought that he knew better than Jesus. 4 Judas could see that soon Jesus would be in serious trouble. So he helped the priests in order to protect himself.

Preparations for the *Passover meal 14:12-16
v12 It was the first day of the *Feast of *Unleavened Bread. It was the time when the priests *sacrificed the young sheep for *Passover. Jesus‟ *disciples said to him, „We will get ready for you to eat the *Passover. Where do you want us to do that?‟ v13 So Jesus sent two of his *disciples. He told them, „Go into the city. A man who is carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him.‟ v14 Wherever he goes into a house, say to the owner, “The Teacher says, „Where is my guest room? Where can I eat the *Passover with my *disciples?‟ ” v15 He will show you a large upstairs room. It will be furnished and ready. Prepare for us to eat there.‟ v16 The *disciples set out and they went into the city. They found things exactly as Jesus had told them. So they prepared the *Passover meal. Verse 12 The first day of the *Feast of *Unleavened bread was on the 14th of the month called Nisan. *Jews had to remove every sign of *yeast from their houses. This was because the *Jews escaped from Egypt in a great hurry. They had no time to make bread with *yeast in it (Exodus 12:15-19). *Yeast makes bread rise. They killed the young sheep on 13th Nisan. A new *Jewish day began at 6 in the evening, after sunset. So 14th Nisan began at 6 in the evening on the 13th Nisan. Verse 13 A man who was carrying a jar of water would be unusual. People who carried water had skin bottles. Women carried jars of water on their heads.

Verse 14 Jesus had made arrangements already. He probably wanted to prevent the authorities and Judas from knowing the place. He calls the room „my‟ guest room. Verse 15 An upstairs room would be suitable, because they could reach it by an outside stone staircase. We do not know the name of the owner. But the house may have belonged to Mary, the mother of John Mark. Her house was a meeting place for the *disciples after the *resurrection (Acts 12:12). Verse 16 The *disciples were going to prepare the *Passover meal. They would need a young sheep that they had cooked in an oven. The young sheep reminded them of the young sheep that the people killed in Egypt. Its blood on the door-posts of the *Jews‟ houses made the „*angel of death‟ pass over. Therefore their first-born sons remained alive (Exodus 12:3-8). Special leaves that tasted bitter were necessary. These leaves reminded them how bitter their life had been as slaves in Egypt. They also had a mixture of fruit and nuts called „Charosheth‟. This mixture was to remind them of the earth from which they had made bricks. Wine at different times in the meal was to remind them of the four promises that God had made (Exodus 6:6-7). „I will bring you out. I will free you from being slaves. I will pay the price for you. I will take you for my people.‟