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PULLOUT WORKSHEETS

FOR CLASS X

Second Terms

Surender Verma

M.Sc. (Mathematics), B.Ed.

Delhi Public School,

Dwarka, New Delhi

By

1. Quadratic Equations

V Worksheets (1 to 20) ................................................................................................ 135

• Assessment Sheets (1 and 2) .................................................................................. 157

• Chapter Test ............................................................................................................ 160

2. Arithmetic Progressions

V Worksheets (24 to 37) .............................................................................................. 162

• Assessment Sheets (3 and 4) .................................................................................. 175

• Chapter Test ............................................................................................................ 178

3. Circles

V Worksheets (41 to 46) .............................................................................................. 180

• Assessment Sheets (5 and 6) .................................................................................. 186

• Chapter Test ............................................................................................................ 189

4. Constructions

V Worksheets (50 to 54) .............................................................................................. 191

• Assessment Sheets (7 and 8) .................................................................................. 203

• Chapter Test ............................................................................................................ 209

Second Term

– 3 –

5. Some Applications of Trigonometry

V Worksheets (57 to 62) ............................................................................................... 211

• Assessment Sheets (9 and 10) ................................................................................ 219

• Chapter Test ............................................................................................................ 223

6. Probability

V Worksheets (66 to 68) .............................................................................................. 225

• Assessment Sheets (11 and 12) ............................................................................... 228

• Chapter Test ............................................................................................................ 231

7. Coordinate Geometry

V Worksheets (72 to 82) .............................................................................................. 233

• Assessment Sheets (13 and 14) .............................................................................. 247

• Chapter Test ............................................................................................................ 250

8. Areas Related to Circles

V Worksheets (85 to 89) .............................................................................................. 252

• Assessment Sheets (15 and 16) .............................................................................. 257

• Chapter Test ............................................................................................................ 260

9. Surface Areas and Volumes

V Worksheets (93 to 98) .............................................................................................. 262

• Assessment Sheets (17 and 18) .............................................................................. 269

• Chapter Test ............................................................................................................ 273

PRACTICE PAPERS (1 to 5) ................................................................................... 275

– 4 –

Sol uti ons to Sol uti ons to Sol uti ons to Sol uti ons to Sol uti ons to

PULLOUT WORKSHEETS PULLOUT WORKSHEETS PULLOUT WORKSHEETS PULLOUT WORKSHEETS PULLOUT WORKSHEETS

AND AND AND AND AND

PRACTICE PAPERS PRACTICE PAPERS PRACTICE PAPERS PRACTICE PAPERS PRACTICE PAPERS

[Summative Assessments] [Summative Assessments] [Summative Assessments] [Summative Assessments] [Summative Assessments]

[SECOND TERM]

135

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

1

Chapter

QUADRATIC EQUATIONS

WORKSHEET–1

1. (B) For real and distinct roots, D > 0

⇒ b

2

– 4ac > 0 ⇒ 16 – 4p > 0

⇒ 4 > p ∴ p < 4.

2. (C) p(1)

2

+ p(1) + 3 = 0

⇒ 2p = – 3 ⇒ p = –

3

2

and (1)

2

+ 1 + q = 0 ⇒ q = – 2

∴ pq

¸ _

−

¸ ,

3

2

(– 2) = 3.

3. (A)

−

+ − −

−

2

( 5)

2( 5 )

5

k = 0

⇒ –10 – 2k = 5

⇒ –2k = 15

⇒ k =

15

2

−

.

4. Given equation: 4x

2

–

3x

– 5 = 0

Divide throughout by coefficient of x

2

, i.e.,

4 to get

x

2

–

3 5

4 4

x

− = 0

1

2

of coefficient of x =

3

8

−

and square of it =

3

64

Therefore, required constant is

3

64

.

5. True

Reason: The value of t for which given

equation has real and equal roots are

± 2 21 which are irrational.

6.

2

2 +7 + 5 2 x x = 0

⇒

2

2 + 5 + 2 5 2 x x x+ = 0

⇒

( ) ( )

2 5 2 2 5 x x x + + + = 0

⇒

( ) ( )

2 2 5 x x + + = 0

⇒

+ 2 x

= 0 or

+ 2 5 x

= 0

⇒ 2 x − or

5

2

x

−

.

7.

− +

2

2 5 3 x x

= 0

⇒

2

5 3

2 2

x x − + = 0

⇒ −

2

5

2

x x = −

3

2

Add both side

¸ _

¸ ,

2

5

4

⇒

2

2

5 5

2 4

x x

¸ _

− +

¸ ,

=

2

3 5

2 4

¸ _

− +

¸ ,

⇒

¸ _

−

¸ ,

2

5

4

x =

− + 24 25

16

=

1

16

⇒ −

5

4

x = ±

1

4

⇒ +

5 1

4 4

x or −

5 1

4 4

⇒ x =

3

2

or 1.

8. x = 2 or 1

Hint: The given eqn. can be written as:

( )( )

− − −

+ −

7 4

4 7

x x

x x

=

11

30

⇒ x

2

− 3x − 28 = − 30

⇒ x

2

− 3x + 2 = 0.

9. Let speed of stream = x km/h

∴ upstream speed = (18 − x) km/h

downstream speed = (18 + x) km/h

Time taken to cover upstream distance of

24 km =

24

18 x −

136 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Time taken to cover downstream distance of

24 km =

24

18 x +

According to question,

24 24

18 18 x x

−

− +

= 1

⇒ 24

+ − +

1

1

− ¸ ]

2

18 18

324

x x

x

= 1

⇒ 48x = 324 − x

2

⇒ x

2

+ 48x − 324 = 0

x

2

+ 54x − 6x − 324 = 0

⇒ x(x + 54) − 6(x + 54) = 0

⇒ (x − 6) (x + 54) = 0

⇒ x = 6 or x = − 54 (Reject)

∴ x = 6 km/h.

OR

Let size of square be x

∴ No. of students in square = x

2

∴ According to question,

Case I. Total students = x

2

+ 24

Case II. Also total students = (x + 1)

2

– 25

∴ x

2

+ 24 = (x + 1)

2

– 25

⇒ x

2

+ 24 = x

2

+ 2x + 1 – 25

⇒ 2x = 48 ⇒ x = 24

Number of students = (24)

2

+ 24

= 576 + 24 = 600.

WORKSHEET– 2

1. (A) D =

2

( 2 2) − – 4 × 2 × 1 = 8 – 8 = 0.

2. (C) Two equal and real roots

⇒ D= 0

⇒ k

2

– 4 × 2 × 3 = 0

⇒ k

2

= 4 × 6

⇒ k = ± 2 6 .

3. (A) x = a must satisfy the given equation

⇒ a

2

– (a + b)a + k = 0 ⇒ k = ab.

4. For real and distinct roots,

D > 0

⇒ b

2

− 4ac > 0

⇒ 16 − 4k > 0

⇒ 16 > 4k ⇒ k < 4.

5. Yes.

∵ (x –

2

)(x +

3

) = 0

⇒ x

2

+ (

3 2 −

) x –

6

= 0.

6. x =

3 19

5

±

Hint: 5x

2

− 6x − 2 = 0

⇒ x

2

−

6

5

x =

2

5

Add both side

¸ _

¸ ,

2

3

5

and use

a

2

− 2ab + b

2

= (a − b)

2

.

7. D = 0; real and equal roots, x =

1

3

or

1

3

Hint: Discriminant: D = b

2

− 4ac.

8. Let y =

+ 2 1

x

x

∴ Given equation becomes

1

y

y

+ =

29

10

⇒

+

2

1 y

y

=

29

10

⇒ 10y

2

− 29y + 10 = 0

⇒ 10y

2

− 25y − 4y + 10 = 0

⇒ 5y(2y

− 5) − 2(2y − 5) = 0

⇒ (5y

− 2) (2y − 5) = 0

⇒ y =

2

5

or y =

5

2

If y =

2

5

, then

2 1

x

x +

=

2

5

gives x = 2

If y =

5

2

, then

+ 2 1

x

x

=

5

2

gives x = −

5

8

.

9. Yes, length = 40 m and breadth = 20 m

Hint: The situation will be possible if D ≥ 0.

OR

Let shorter side = x m

∴ longer side = 30 + x

∴ diagonal =

+ +

2 2

(30 ) x x

137

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

According to question,

+ +

2 2

(30 ) x x

= x + 60

Squaring both sides

x

2

+ (30 + x)

2

= (x + 60)

2

⇒ x

2

+ 900 + x

2

+ 60x = x

2

+ 3600 + 120x

⇒ x

2

− 60x − 2700 = 0

⇒ x

2

− 90x + 30x − 2700 = 0

⇒ x(x − 90) + 30 (x − 90) = 0

⇒ (x + 30) (x − 90) = 0

⇒ x = − 30 (Rejected)

or x = 90

∴ Shorter side = 90 m

Longer side = 120 m.

WORKSHEET– 3

1. (A) For two distinct real roots,

D > 0 ⇒ b

2

– 4ac > 0 ⇒ b

2

> 4ac.

2. (C) Given equation is:

2 − 5x + 2x

2

= 0

⇒ 2x

2

− 5x + 2 = 0

D = (5)

2

− 4 (2)(2)

D = 9.

3. (D) Since

2

3

and −3 are roots of equation

Sum of roots =

2

3

− 3 =

7

m

−

⇒ m = 3

Product of roots =

2

3

(− 3) =

n

m

⇒ n = −6.

4. No, as given equation is:

x

2

+ x + 8 = x

2

− 4

⇒ x − 12 = 0

∴ It is a linear equation.

5. False.

∵ x

2

– 3x + 1 = 0

is an equation with integral coefficients but

its roots are not integers.

6. x =

5

3

, 2

Hint: See Worksheet − −− −− 1, Sol. 7 for comple-

ting square method.

7. p = 7; k =

7

4

Hint: Put x = – 5 in first equation, which

gives p = 7

And p(x

2

+ x) + k = 0 to have equal roots:

D = 0

⇒ (p)

2

− 4 (p)(k) = 0

⇒ (7)

2

− 28k = 0

⇒ k =

7

4

.

8. x = 0; 2(a + b)

Hint: Given equation is:

x

2

– x (2a + 2b) + 4ab = 4ab

⇒ x

2

– 2x (a + b) = 0.

9. 10, 5

Hint: Quadratic equation is:

1

x

+

−

1

15 x

=

3

10

⇒

−

2

15

15x x

=

3

10

⇒ 150 = 45x − 3x

2

⇒ 3x

2

− 45x + 150 = 0

⇒ x

2

− 15x + 50 = 0.

OR

Let Ist part = x (larger)

∴ 2nd part = 16 − x (smaller)

According to question,

(16 − x)

2

+ 164 = 2x

2

256 + x

2

– 32x + 164 = 2x

2

⇒ x

2

+ 32x − 420 = 0

⇒ x

2

+ 42x − 10x − 420 = 0

⇒ x(x + 42) −10 (x + 42) = 0

⇒ (x − 10) (x + 42) = 0

⇒ x = 10 or x = – 42 (Reject)

∴ Larger part = 10

Smaller part = 6.

138 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

WORKSHEET– 4

1. (D) x = 1 must satisfy both the equations

⇒ a + a + 3 = 0 and 1 + 1 + b = 0

⇒ a =

3

–

2

and b = – 2

⇒ ab = 3.

2. (B) For real and equal roots, D = 0

⇒ (4k)

2

– 4

.

1

.

(k

2

– k + 2) = 0

⇒ 12k

2

+ 4k – 8 = 0

⇒ 3k

2

+ k – 2 = 0

⇒ (3k – 2)(k + 1) = 0

⇒ 3k – 2 = 0 or k + 1 = 0

⇒ k =

2

3

or – 1.

3. (A) Putting x =

2

3

in the given equation,

we get

3

2

2 2

3 3

p

+

+ 4 = 0

⇒ 4 + 2p + 12 = 0

⇒ p = – 8.

4. Yes. As 16x

2

− 24x − 1 = 0

⇒ x =

D

2

b

a

− ±

=

2

24 (24) +4×16

2×16

±

=

24 576 +64

32

±

=

24 640

32

±

=

3 10

4

±

.

5.

1 33

4

− ±

Hint: Divide the equation by 2 and then

add

1

4

on both sides of equation.

6. a = 3, b = – 6

Hint: Use sum of roots =

2

coefficient of

–

coefficient of

x

x

Product of roots =

2

constant term

coefficient of x

7. k = 14

Hint: For real and equal roots:

D= 0

⇒ b

2

− 4ac = 0

Use a = k − 12, b = 2(k − 12), c = 2.

8. x =

9 57

4

±

Hint: Given equation can be written as

2x

2

– 9x + 3 = 0

∴ Quadratic formula is

x =

2

4

2

b b ac

a

− ± −

.

9. Let unit's digit = x

and ten's digit = y

∴ Original number = 10y + x

Now xy = 16

⇒ y =

16

x

...(i)

Also, according to question

⇒ 10y + x − 54 = 10x + y

⇒ 9y − 9x = 54

⇒ y − x = 6 ...(ii)

Substituting y =

16

x

from (i) to (ii), we get

16

x

− x = 6

⇒ 16 − x

2

= 6x

⇒ x

2

+ 6x − 16 = 0

⇒ x

2

+ 8x − 2x − 16 = 0

⇒ (x + 8) (x − 2) = 0

⇒ x = 2 or x = − 8 (Reject)

∴ y =

16

2

= 8

∴ Number is 82.

139

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

OR

40 km/h

Hint: Let speed of train = x km/h

∴

360 360

5 x x

−

+

= 1

WORKSHEET– 5

1. (A) For real and equal roots,

D = 0 ⇒ 9k

2

– 4 × 4 × 1 = 0 ⇒ k = ±

4

3

.

2. (D) 2(x

2

– x) = 3 ⇒ 2x

2

– 2x – 3 = 0

Here, D = 4 + 4 × 2 × 3 = 28 > 0.

⇒ So roots are real and distinct.

3. (A) Given equation is 2x

2

– 14x – 1 = 0

∴ D = b

2

– 4ac

D = (– 14)

2

– 4(2) (–1)

= 196 + 8 = 204

∴ x =

14 204

4

±

=

7 51

2

±

.

4. No.

We have, x

2

– 2x + 8 = 0

Put x = – 2, we get

⇒ (– 2)

2

– 2(– 2) + 8 = 0

16 = 0 which is wrong.

Therefore, x = – 2 does not satisfy given

equation.

5. True.

D= b

2

– 4ac

Put b = 0 and a = 1

D= – 4c

As c < 0 ⇒ – 4c > 0 ⇒ D > 0

⇒ Roots are real

Also, sum of roots = –

b

a

= 0

⇒ Roots are numerically equal and

opposite in sign.

6. Quadratic equation written as:

(2x)

2

+ 2 × (2x) ×

3

4

+

2 2

3 3

4 4

¸ _ ¸ _

−

¸ , ¸ ,

+ 5 = 0

⇒

2

3

2

4

x

¸ _

+

¸ ,

–

9

16

+ 5 = 0

⇒

2

3

2

4

x

¸ _

+

¸ ,

=

71

16

−

< 0

But

2

3

2

4

x

¸ _

+

¸ ,

cannot be negative for any

real value of x. So there is no real value of

x satisfying the given equation. Therefore,

the given equation has no real roots.

7. Let another root be α.

Product of roots = 2α =

6

2

−

⇒ α =

3

2

−

Sum of roots =

2

k

− ⇒

3

2

− + 2 =

2

k

−

⇒ k = – 1

Thus, k = – 1 and another root =

3

2

− .

8. Let y =

−

−

1

2 1

x

x

∴ Given equation can be written as:

⇒ y +

1

y

=

5

2

⇒ 2y

2

+ 2 = 5y

⇒ 2y

2

– 5y + 2 = 0

⇒ 2y

2

– 4y – y + 2 = 0

⇒ 2y(y – 2) – 1 (y – 2) = 0

⇒ (2y – 1) (y – 2) = 0

⇒ y =

1

2

or y = 2

⇒

−

−

1

2 1

x

x

=

1

2

or

−

−

1

2 1

x

x

= 2

⇒ 2x − 2 = 2x − 1 Not possible

or x − 1 = 4x − 2

⇒ 1 = 3x

⇒ x =

1

3

.

9. 15 hrs or 25 hrs

Hint: Let smaller tap takes x hrs to fill the

tank itself.

140 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

∴ Larger tap will take (x − 10) hrs to fill

the tank itself.

∴ Given situation can be expressed as:

−

1

10 x

+

1

x

=

8

75

⇒ 4x

2

− 115x + 375 = 0

⇒ x =

15

4

(cannot be taken) or 25.

OR

Let one number be x so another number be

15 – x.

According to question,

1 1

15 – x x

+ =

3

10

⇒

15 –

(15 – )

x x

x x

+

=

3

10

3x(15 – x) = 150

⇒ 15x – x

2

= 50

⇒ x

2

– 15x + 50 = 0

⇒ x

2

– 10x – 5x + 50 = 0

⇒ x(x – 10) – 5(x – 10) = 0

⇒ (x – 5)(x – 10) = 0

⇒ x = 5 or x = 10

When x = 5, 15 – x = 10;

when x = 10, 15 – x = 5

Hence, the numbers are 5 and 10.

WORKSHEET– 6

1. (A) x

2

– 4x + p = 0

For real roots, D ≥ 0

⇒ (–4)

2

– 4 × 1 × p ≥ 0

⇒ 16 – 4p ≥ 0 ⇒ 4p ≤ 16 ⇒ p ≤ 4.

2. (C) For equal roots, D = 0

⇒ (6k)

2

– 4 × 9 × 4 = 0

⇒ 36k

2

= 4 × 36 ⇒ k = ± 2.

3. (B) D = ( )

2

4 3

– 4 × 4 × 3 = 48 – 48 = 0

Since, the discriminant is zero, therefore,

the given equation has real and equal roots.

4. – 5 must satisfy 2x

2

+ px – 15 = 0,

i.e., 2 × 25 – 5p – 15 = 0 ⇒ p = 7

As p(x

2

+ x) + k = 0, i.e., px

2

+ px + k = 0 has

equal roots,

D = 0 ⇒ p

2

– 4pk = 0

But p = 7, ∴ (7)

2

– 4(7) k = 0.

⇒ 4 × 7k = 7 × 7 ⇒ k =

7

4

.

5. − − +

2

3 6 6 2 x x x = 0

⇒

( ) ( )

3 3 2 2 3 2 x x x − − − = 0

⇒ ( ) ( )

− − 3 2 3 2 x x

= 0

⇒

− 3 2 x

= 0 or

− 3 2 x

= 0

⇒ x =

2 2

;

3 3

⇒ x =

6 6

;

3 3

.

6.

+ +

2

2 2 15 2 x x

= 0

⇒ x

2

+

15 1

2 2 2

x + = 0

⇒ x

2

+

15

2 2

x =

1

2

− .

Add

2

15

4 2

¸ _

¸ ,

to both sides,

⇒

2

2

15 15

2 2 4 2

x x

¸ _

+ +

¸ ,

= −

¸ _

+

¸ ,

2

1 15

2 4 2

⇒

¸ _

+

¸ ,

2

15

4 2

x = − +

1 15

2 32

=

− + 16 15

32

∴

¸ _

+

¸ ,

2

15

4 2

x =

1

32

−

which is not possible as square of any real

number can't be negative.

∴ No real roots possible.

7. x =

1

2

or

4

3

Hint: Let y =

−

−

2 3

1

x

x

∴

1

y

=

−

−

1

2 3

x

x

Given equation becomes: y −

4

y

= 3

Now solve.

141

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

8. Let the required number has x as ten’s digit

of the number.

Given: Product of the digit = 8

∴ Unit’s digit =

8

x

∴ Number = 10x +

8

x

If 63 is subtracted from the number the

digit interchange their places.

∴ 10x +

8

x

– 63 = 10 ×

8

x

+ x

⇒ 10x +

8

x

– 63 =

80

x

+ x

⇒ 9x –

72

x

– 63 = 0

⇒ 9x

2

– 63x – 72 = 0

⇒ x

2

– 7x – 8 = 0

⇒ (x + 1)(x – 8) = 0

⇒ x + 1 = 0, x – 8 = 0

∴ x = – 1, x = 8

Reject x = – 1 ∴ x = 8

∴ Required number = 10 × 8 +

8

8

= 81.

9. 60 km/hr

Hint: Let speed of express train = x km/h

∴ Speed of another train = (x − 12) km/h

∴ According to question,

240 240

12 x x

−

−

= 1

Now solve.

WORKSHEET– 7

1. (D) x(px + 6) = – 1 ⇒ px

2

+ 6x + 1 = 0

For real and distinct roots, D > 0

⇒ 6

2

– 4 × p × 1 > 0 ⇒ p < 9.

2. (C) D = (– 2)

2

– 4

4 3

3 4

¸ _ ¸ _

¸ , ¸ ,

= 4 – 4 = 0.

3. (D) For equal roots, D = 0

⇒ k

2

– 4 × 4 × 9 = 0 ⇒ k = ± 12.

4. For no real roots, D < 0

∴ (5m)

2

– 4 × 1 × 16 < 0

⇒ 25m

2

< 64 ⇒ m

2

<

64

25

⇒ m

2

<

2

8

5

¸ _

¸ ,

⇒ –

8

5

< m <

8

5

.

5.

2

3 9 2 6 3 x x x + + +

= 0

⇒

( ) ( )

3 3 3 2 3 3 x x x + + + = 0

⇒

( ) ( )

+ + 3 2 3 3 x x = 0

⇒ x =

−2

3

or x = −3 3 .

6.

5

x

2

+ 9x + 4

5

= 0

Dividing both sides by

5

to get

x

2

+

9

5

x + 4 = 0

Adding

2

9

2 5

¸ _

¸ ,

to both sides to get

x

2

+

9

5

x + 4 +

2 2

9 9

2 5 2 5

¸ _ ¸ _

¸ , ¸ ,

⇒ x

2

+

9

5

x +

2

9 81

20 2 5

¸ _

¸ ,

– 4

⇒

2 2

9 1

2 5 2 5

x

¸ _ ¸ _

+

¸ , ¸ ,

⇒

2 2

9 1

2 5 2 5

x

¸ _ ¸ _

+ −

¸ , ¸ ,

= 0

⇒

9 1 9 1

2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5

x x

¸ _ ¸ _

+ + + −

¸ , ¸ ,

= 0

⇒ x = 5 − , –

4

5

.

7. 13, 15

Hint: Two consecutive odd numbers are of

type 2x + 1, 2x + 3

∴ According to question,

(2x + 1)

2

+ (2x + 3)

2

= 394.

Now solve.

8. Let y =

+ 1

x

x

142 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

∴ Given equation becomes

2y

2

− 5y + 2 = 2

∴ D = b

2

− 4ac

⇒ D = 25 − 4 (2) (2)

= 25 − 16 = 9

∴ y =

D

2

b

a

− ±

⇒ y =

± 5 9

4

=

± 5 3

4

= 2,

1

2

∴

+

2

1

x

x

or

+

1

1 2

x

x

⇒ x = 2x + 2 or 2x = x + 1

⇒ x = − 2 or x = 1.

9. Let the present ages (in years) of father

and son be x and y respectively.

∴ x = y

2

... (i)

1 year ago, father’s age = (x – 1) years and

son’s age = (y – 1) years.

According to the question,

x – 1 = 8(y – 1)

⇒ x – 8y + 7 = 0 ... (ii)

Substituting the value of x from equation (i)

in equation (ii), we have

y

2

– 8y + 7 = 0

(y – 1)(y – 7) = 0

⇒ y = 1 or 7

Case I. If y =1 year

1 year ago, son’s age = 1 – 1 = 0

So, 1 year ago the father could not 8 times

as old as his son.

Case II. If y = 7 years

1 year ago, son’s age = 7 – 1 = 6 years

So, 1 year ago, the father was 8 × 6 = 48

years old.

∴ x = y

2

= 7

2

= 49

Hence, present ages of the father and the

son are 49 years and 7 years.

OR

Let number of books purchased = x

∴ Cost of 1 book =

80

x

According to question,

80

x

−

+

80

4 x

= 1

⇒ 80

1 + −

1

+

¸ ]

4

( 4)

x x

x x

= 1

⇒ 320 = x

2

+ 4x

⇒ x

2

+ 4x − 320 = 0

⇒ x

2

+ 20x − 16x − 320 = 0

⇒ x (x + 20) − 16 (x + 20) = 0

⇒ (x − 16) (x + 20) = 0

⇒ x = 16 or x = − 20 (Reject)

∴ Number of books = 16.

WORKSHEET– 8

1. (C)

Hint: Discriminant is: D = b

2

− 4ac.

2. (B) For equal and real roots, D = 0.

∴ (– 5)

2

– 4

.

k

.

k = 0 ⇒ 4k

2

= 25 ⇒ k = ±

5

2

.

3. (D) – 4 must satisfy x

2

+ px – 4 = 0

⇒ p = 3 ... (i)

x

2

+ px + q = 0 has equal roots

⇒ p

2

– 4q = 0 ... (ii)

From (i) and (ii), we have p = 3, q =

9

4

.

4. No.

LHS =

− +

2

4(3) 14(3) 16

=

− + 36 42 16

=

10

RHS =

− + 9 12 3

+

− 9 9

= 0

As LHS ≠ RHS ⇒ x = 3 is not a root.

5.

− − +

2

5 5 4 4 5 z z z

= 0

⇒

( ) ( )

− − − 5 5 4 5 z z z = 0

⇒

( ) ( )

− − 5 4 5 z z = 0

⇒ z =

4

5

or z =

5

.

6. 4x

2

+ 4 3 x + 3 = 0

Divide both sides by 4.

x

2

+

3x

+

3

4

= 0

143

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

Area (A

1

) of 1st square = x

2

Area (A

2

) of 2nd square = y

2

Perimeter of 1st square = 4x

Perimeter of 2nd square = 4y

According to question,

x

2

+ y

2

= 468; 4x − 4y = 24 ...(i)

x = 6 + y ...(ii)

∴ Use (ii) in (i)

(6 + y)

2

+ y

2

= 468

⇒ 36 + y

2

+ 12y + y

2

= 468

⇒ 2y

2

+ 12y − 432 = 0

⇒ y

2

− 6y − 216 = 0

⇒ y

2

+ 18y − 12y − 216 = 0

⇒ y(y + 18) − 12(y + 18) = 0

⇒ (y – 12)(y + 18) = 0

⇒ y = −18 or y = 12

Reject y = − 18 ∴ y = 12

∴ x = 18 m; y = 12 m.

WORKSHEET–9

1. (D) For equal roots, D = 0

∴ b

2

– 4ac = 0 ⇒ c =

2

4

b

a

.

2. (C) Sum of roots =

1

l −

− ⇒ l + m = l

⇒ m = 0 and l can take any real value,

e.g., m = 0, l = – 2.

Product of roots =

1

m

⇒ lm = m

⇒ m(l – 1) = 0 ⇒ m = 0, l = 1.

3. (C) For real roots: D ≥ 0

⇒ b

2

− 4ac ≥ 0

⇒ k

2

− 4(5)(5) ≥ 0

⇒ k

2

− 100 ≥ 0

⇒ (k − 10) (k + 10) ≥ 0

⇒ k ≤ − 10 or k ≥ 10.

4. Yes, (x + 2)

3

= x(x

2

– 1)

⇒ x

3

+ 2

3

+ 3(x + 2)2x = x

3

– x

⇒ x

3

+ 8 + 6x

2

+ 12x = x

3

– x

⇒ 6x

2

+ 13x + 8 = 0

which is a quadratic equation.

⇒ x

2

+ 3x +

3

4

+

2

3

2

¸ _

¸ ,

–

2

3

2

¸ _

¸ ,

= 0

⇒

2

2

3 3 3

3

2 4 4

x x

1

¸ _

¸ _

1

+ + + −

¸ , ¸ ,

¸ ]

= 0

⇒

2

3 3 3

0

2 2 2

x x x

¸ _ ¸ _ ¸ _

+ ⇒ + +

¸ , ¸ , ¸ ,

= 0

⇒ x = –

3 3

,

2 2

− .

7. x = –

5

2

,

3

2

Hint: Let y =

+1

x

x

.

8. 6 km/hr

Hint: Let the speed of stream = x km/hr

According to question,

24 24

18 – 18 x x

−

+

= 1 ⇒ x = 6.

9. Let the usual speed of the plane be

u km/h. Let the usual time of flight be

t hours.

Distance = Time × Speed

1600 = t × u ... (i)

1600 =

40

60

t

¸ _

−

¸ ,

× (u + 400)

⇒ 1600 = tu + 400t –

2

3

u –

800

3

... (ii)

From equations (i) and (ii), we have

400 ×

1600 2 800

3 3

u

u

− − = 0

⇒ u

2

+ 400u – 960000 = 0

⇒ u

2

+ 1200u – 800u – 960000 = 0

⇒ (u + 1200)(u – 800) = 0

⇒ u = – 1200 or u = 800

Since, speed in negative sign is not possible

∴ Speed = 800 km/h.

OR

Let side of 1st square = x

and side of 2nd square = y

Let x > y

144 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

5.

2

3 10 7 3 0 x x + +

⇒ x

2

+

10

3

x + 7 = 0

⇒

2

5 25

3 3

x

¸ _

+ −

¸ ,

+ 7 = 0

⇒

2 2

5 2

3 3

x

¸ _ ¸ _

+ −

¸ , ¸ ,

= 0

⇒

5 2 5 2

–

3 3 3 3

x x

¸ _¸ _

+ + +

¸ ,¸ ,

= 0

⇒ x =

7

, 3

3

− − .

6. D = (8ab)

2

− 4(3a

2

)(4b

2

)

= 64a

2

b

2

− 48a

2

b

2

= 16a

2

b

2

= (4ab)

2

≥ 0

∴x =

D

2

b

a

− ±

=

2

8 4

2 3

ab ab

a

− ±

×

=

2

12

6

ab

a

−

or

2

4

6

ab

a

−

⇒ x =

2b

a

−

or x =

2

3

b

a

−

.

7. p = 14

Hint: For real and equal roots

D= 0

∴ Take a = p − 12

b = 2(p − 12)

c = 2

b

2

− 4ac = 0.

8. x = –

2 or 1

Hint: Given equation is:

(4 − 3x) (2x + 3) = 5x

⇒ 8x + 12 − 6x

2

− 9x = 5x

⇒ 6x

2

+ 6x − 12 = 0

⇒ x

2

+ x − 2 = 0.

9. Son = 2 years; Father = 22 years

Hint: Let boy's present age = x

∴ Father's present age = 24 − x

According to question,

1

4

x. (24 − x) = x + 9

Now solve.

OR

Let the usual speed and time of journey be

u km/h and t hours respectively

Time =

Distance

Speed

t =

360

u

... (i)

But new speed = (u + 5) km/h and

time = (t – 1) hours

Then, t – 1 =

360

5 u +

... (ii)

Subtracting equation (ii) from (i) to get

1 = 360

1 1

5 u u

¸ _

−

¸ ,

+

⇒ u(u + 5) = 5 × 360

⇒ u

2

+ 5u – 1800 = 0

⇒ u =

5 25 + 4 × 1 × 1800

2 × 1

− ±

⇒ u =

5 85

2

− ±

⇒ u = –

45 or u = 40

Neglecting u = –

45 due to negative value,

hence u = 40 km/h.

WORKSHEET–10

1. (A) For no real roots D < 0

⇒ b

2

− 4ac < 0 ⇒ 25p

2

− 64 < 0

⇒ 25p

2

< 64 ⇒ p

< ±

8

5

∴

8 8

5 5

p

−

< <

.

2. (B) For equal roots, D = 0

∴ 2

2

(k – 12)

2

– 4(k – 12) × 2 = 0

⇒ 4(k – 12)(k – 12 – 2) = 0

⇒ k = 12 or k = 14

But k – 12 ≠ 0 as it is the coefficient of x

2

.

Hence, k = 14.

145

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

3. (B) For perfect square, D= 0

⇒ [4(α − 3)]

2

−4(α − 3)(4) = 0

⇒ 16(α − 3)

2

−16(α − 3) = 0

⇒ 16(α − 3) (α − 3 − 1)] = 0

⇒ α = 3 (Reject) or α = 4

∴ Required value is α = 4.

4. Given equation is: 2x

2

– 4x + 3 = 0

Here a = 2, b = – 4, c = 3

∴ D = b

2

– 4ac = (– 4)

2

– 4

.

2

.

3

= 16 – 24 = – 8 < 0.

As D < 0, so the given equation has no real

root.

5. Yes.

Given equation is

(2x + 5)(5x – 3) = 16x

2

– 3

⇒ 10x

2

– 6x + 25x – 15 = 16x

2

– 3

⇒ 6x

2

– 19x + 12 = 0

Therefore, given equation is quadratic

equation.

6. Let the Shefali’s marks in Mathematics be

x and marks of English be (30 – x)

According to question,

(x + 2)(30 – x – 3) = 210

⇒ 27x – x

2

+ 54 – 2x = 210

⇒ x

2

– 25x + 156 = 0

⇒ x

2

–

12x – 13x + 156 = 0

⇒ x(x – 12) – 13(x – 12) = 0

⇒ (x – 12)(x – 13) = 0

⇒ (x – 12) = 0, (x – 13) = 0

∴ x = 12, x = 13

⇒ 30 – x = 18, 17.

Thus, marks in Mathematics and in English

are 12 and 18 or 13 and 17 respectively.

7.

1 1

3

2 x x

− =

−

⇒

2

( 2)

x x

x x

− −

−

= 3

⇒ 3x(x – 2) = –

2 ⇒ 3x

2

– 6x = –

2

⇒ 3x

2

– 6x + 2 = 0

⇒ x =

6 36 4 3 2

2 3

± − × ×

×

⇒ x =

6 12

2 3

±

×

⇒ x =

6 2 3

2 3

±

×

⇒ x =

3 3

3

±

.

8. D = b

2

− −− −− 4ac

= [−3(a

2

+ b

2

)]

2

− 4(9)(a

2

b

2

)

= 9(a

2

+ b

2

)

2

− 36a

2

b

2

= 9a

4

+ 9b

4

+ 18a

2

b

2

− 36a

2

b

2

= 9a

4

+ 9b

4

− 18a

2

b

2

= (3a

2

− 3b

2

)

2

≥ 0

∴ x =

2 2 2 2

D 3( ) 3( )

2 2×9

b a b a b

a

− ± + ± −

=

⇒ x =

2

6

18

a

or x =

2

6

18

b

⇒ x =

2

3

a

or x =

2

3

b

.

9. Let the breadth of the rectangular park be

b metres.

Then its length = (b + 3) metres

Area of the rectangular park = b(b + 3) sq. m

Area of the triangular park

=

1

2

× base × altitude

=

1

2

× b × 12

= 6b

Now,

area of rectangular park – area of triangular

park = 4

b(b + 3) – 6b = 4

⇒ b

2

+ 3b – 6b – 4 = 0

⇒ b

2

– 3b – 4 = 0

⇒ (b – 4)(b + 1) = 0 ⇒ b = –1, 4

Reject b = –1 as breadth is not possible in

negative.

∴ b = 4 m and b + 3 = 7 m

Hence, length = 7 m and breadth = 4 m.

OR

Let first number be x and second number

be x + 4.

According to question,

1 1

4 x x

−

+

=

4

21

⇒

4

( 4)

x x

x x

+ −

+

=

4

21

146 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

⇒

2

4

4 x x +

=

4

21

⇒

2

1

4 x x +

=

1

21

⇒ x

2

+ 4x – 21 = 0

⇒ x

2

+ 7x – 3x – 21 = 0

⇒ x(x + 7) – 3(x + 7) = 0

⇒ x

= 3 or x = – 7.

Reject x = – 7

∴ First number = 3

Second number = 7.

WORKSHEET – 11

1. (A) We have, kx

2

− 2kx + 6 = 0

For real, equal roots D = 0

⇒ 4k

2

− 24k = 0

⇒ 4k(k − 6) = 0

⇒ k

= 0 or k = 6

∴ k

= 6.

2. (D)

Hint: D = b

2

− 4ac.

3. (B) If x = – 2 is a root of the equation, then

k(– 2)

2

+ 5(– 2) – 3k = 0 ⇒ k – 10 = 0

⇒ k = 10.

4. Yes.

At x =

2

3

, 9x

2

– 3x – 2 = 9

2

2

3

¸ _

¸ ,

– 3

2

3

¸ _

¸ ,

– 2

= 4 – 4 = 0

At x = –

1

3

, 9x

2

– 3x – 2 = 9

2

1

3

¸ _

−

¸ ,

– 3

1

3

¸ _

−

¸ ,

– 2

= 2 – 2 = 0

Clearly, both the values of x =

2 1

,

3 3

¸ _

−

¸ ,

satisfy the equation 9x

2

– 3x – 2 = 0, so,

x =

2 1

,

3 3

¸ _

−

¸ ,

are the roots of it.

5. Consider, α + β = 4

⇒ 2 −

3

+ β = 4

⇒ β = 2 + 3

∴ Equation is: (x − 2 + 3 ) (x − 2 − 3 ) = 0

⇒ (x − 2)

2

−

( )

2

3

= 0

⇒ x

2

+ 4 − 4x − 3 = 0

⇒ x

2

− 4x + 1 = 0.

6.

− + −

− −

1 2 4

( 2)( 1)

x x

x x

=

6

x

⇒ (3x − 5)x = 6 (x

2

− 3x + 2)

⇒ 3x

2

− 5x = 6x

2

− 18x + 12

⇒ 3x

2

− 13x + 12 = 0

⇒ 3x

2

− 9x − 4x + 12 = 0

⇒ 3x(x − 3) − 4(x − 3) = 0

⇒ (3x − 4) (x − 3) = 0

⇒ x =

4

3

or x = 3.

7. Discriminant for 3 x

2

+ 10x – 8 3 = 0 is

given by

D = 10

2

– 4 × 3 × (– 8 3 )

= 100 + 96 = 196

⇒ D > 0

As D > 0, the given equation has real roots.

Now, x =

10 196 10 14

2 3 2 3

− ± − ±

⇒ x = 4 3 − ,

2

3

Thus, the given equation has real roots

which are 4 3 − and

2

3

.

8. Let P's obtained marks in Mathematics

be x then obtained marks in Science be

(28 – x).

Consider the question,

P’s new marks in Mathematics = (x + 3)

and P’s new marks in Science = (28 – x – 4)

= (24 – x)

According to question,

Product of new marks = 180

⇒ (x + 3)(24 – x) = 180

⇒ 24x – x

2

+ 72 – 3x = 180

⇒ x

2

– 21x + 108 = 0

⇒ x

2

– 12x – 9x + 108 = 0

⇒ x(x – 12) – 9 (x – 12) = 0

147

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

⇒ (x – 9)(x – 12) = 0

⇒ x – 9 = 0, x – 12 = 0

∴ x = 9, x = 12

If x = 9; 28 – x = 19, so, marks obtained in

Mathematics and Science are 9 and 19

respectively.

If x = 12; 28 – x = 16, so, marks obtained in

Mathematics and Science are 12 and 16

respectively.

OR

Let the sides of the two squares be a and b.

Now, sum of areas = 640

⇒ a

2

+ b

2

= 640 ... (i)

Difference of perimeters = 64

⇒ 4a – 4b = 64

⇒ a – b = 16

⇒ b = a – 16 ... (ii)

From equations (i) and (ii), we have

a

2

+ (a – 16)

2

= 640

⇒ 2a

2

– 32a – 384 = 0

⇒ a

2

– 16a – 192 = 0

⇒ a

2

– 24a + 8a – 192 = 0

⇒ (a – 24)(a + 8) = 0

⇒ a = 24 or a = – 8

Rejecting a = – 8 (negative length),

.

.

.

a = 24 m

Using equation (ii), b = 8 m.

Hence, sides of the two squares are 24 m

and 8 m.

9. 3 hr 30 min.

Hint: Let average speed = x km/h

∴ Distance = 2800 km

∴ Original time (duration) =

2800

x

∴ New time =

−

2800

100 x

∴

−

2800

100 x

−

2800

x

=

1

2

Now solve.

WORKSHEET–12

1. (A) Let x =

12 12 12 .... + + +

...(i)

⇒ x = 12 x +

[Using equation (i)]

⇒ x

2

= 12 + x (Squaring)

⇒ x

2

– x – 12 = 0

⇒ x = 4, – 3 (Reject) ∴ x = 4.

2. (B) For equal roots, D = 0

∴ { –

2b(a + c)}

2

–4(a

2

+ b

2

)(b

2

+ c

2

) = 0

⇒ 4a

2

b

2

+ 4b

2

c

2

+ 8ab

2

c – 4a

2

b

2

– 4c

2

a

2

– 4b

4

– 4b

2

c

2

= 0

⇒ b

4

– 2ab

2

c + c

2

a

2

= 0 ⇒ (b

2

– ca)

2

= 0

⇒ b

2

= ac.

3. (Α) α – β =

( )

2

4 α+β − αβ

=

( ) ( )

2

2 4 1 −

= 0.

4.

2 6 p ≤ −

or 2 6 p ≥

Hint: Use D ≥ 0

i.e., b

2

− 4ac ≥ 0.

5. D = p

2

– 4 × 1 × 2q = p

2

– 8q

∵ q < 0 ∴ 8q < 0 ⇒ – 8q > 0 ...(i)

Further p

2

≥ 0 ...(ii)

Adding equation (i) and (ii) to get

p

2

– 8q > 0 ⇒ D > 0 ⇒ Real and distinct

roots.

6. 4x

2

+ 4bx – (a

2

– b

2

) = 0

⇒ x

2

+ bx

1

4

− (a

2

– b

2

) = 0

⇒ x

2

+ bx +

2 2

1

4 4 4

b b

− − (a

2

– b

2

) = 0

⇒

2

2

b

x

¸ _

+

¸ ,

–

2

2

a

¸ _

¸ ,

= 0

⇒

2 2 2 2

b a b a

x x

¸ _ ¸ _

+ + + −

¸ , ¸ ,

= 0

[∵ A

2

– B

2

= (A + B)(A – B)]

⇒

2 2

a b a b

x x

+ − ¸ _ ¸ _

+ −

¸ , ¸ ,

= 0

⇒ x = – , .

2 2

a b a b + −

7. Hint: D = 0

.

.

.

b

2

– 4ac = 0

(c – a)

2

– 4(b – c) (a – b) = 0

⇒ (c + a – 2b)

2

= 0

⇒ c + a = 2b

148 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

∴

200 200

5 l l

−

+

= 2 (Accordingly question)

⇒ 200 ×

5

( 5)

l l

l l

+ −

+

= 2 ⇒ l

2

+ 5l – 500 = 0

⇒ l

2

+ 25l – 20l – 500 = 0

⇒ (l – 20)(l + 25) = 0

⇒ l = 20 (Rejecting l = –

25)

Rate =

200

20

= ` 10.

Hence, the original length of the piece is

20 m and its original rate is ` 10 per metre.

WORKSHEET–13

1. (D) For real roots, D ≥ 0

∴ (– 3p)

2

– 4 × 4 × 9 ≥ 0 ⇒ 9p

2

≥ 4 × 4 × 9

⇒ p ≥ 4 or p ≤ – 4.

2. (A) x =

5

2

must satisfy 2x

2

– 8x – m = 0

∴ 2

2

5 5

8

2 2

¸ _ ¸ _

−

¸ , ¸ ,

– m = 0 ⇒ m =

15

2

− .

3. (A) Let y =

6 6 6 6 .... . + + + +

∴ y = 6 y + ⇒ y

2

− y − 6 = 0

⇒ (y − 3) (y + 2) = 0

⇒ y = 3 or − 2 (Reject).

4. 5x

2

+ (3p + 2)x + 15 = 0

Putting x = 5, we have

5 × 25 + (3p + 2) × 5 + 15 = 0

⇒ 125 + 15p + 10 + 15 = 0

⇒ 15p = – 150

⇒ p = – 10.

5. 4x

2

+ 4 3x +3

=

0

⇒ x

2

+ 3x +

3

4

= 0

⇒ x

2

+

3x

+

2 2

3 3 3

– +

2 2 4

¸ _ ¸ _

¸ , ¸ ,

= 0

⇒

2

3

2

x

¸ _

+

¸ ,

= 0 ⇒ x +

3

2

= 0

⇒ x = –

3

2

.

⇒ b =

2

a c +

.

8.

+ + +

+ +

2 2 2

( 1)( 2)

x x

x x

=

+

4

4 x

⇒ (3x + 4)(x + 4) = 4 (x

2

+ 3x + 2)

⇒ 3x

2

+ 12x + 4x + 16 = 4x

2

+ 12x + 8

⇒ x

2

− 4x − 8 = 0

∴ x =

± + 4 16 32

2

x =

± 4 48

2

= 2 ± 2 3 .

9. Let 1st pipe fill cistern in x min

and 2nd pipe fill cistern in (x + 3) min.

The part of cistern filled by 1st pipe in

1 min =

1

x

.

The part of cistern filled by 2nd pipe in

1 min =

+

1

3 x

.

According to question,

+

+

1 1

3 x x

=

13

40

2

3

3

x x

x x

+ +

+

=

13

40

⇒ 80x + 120 = 13x

2

+ 39x

⇒ 13x

2

− 41x − 120 = 0

⇒ 13x

2

− 65x + 24x − 120 = 0

⇒ 13x (x − 5) + 24(x − 5) = 0

⇒ (13x + 24) (x − 5) = 0

⇒ x

=

24

13

−

(Rejected), x = 5

∴ Required time = 5 min, 8 min.

OR

Let the original length of the piece be

l metres.

∵

Cost

Length

= Rate

149

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

6. D= b

2

− 4ac

= (

3

+ 1)

2

− 4(1)(

3

)

= 3 + 1 + 2 3 4 3 −

= 4 − 2 3

= (

3 1 −

)

2

> 0

∴ x =

D

2

b

a

− ±

⇒ x =

( )

3 1 3 1

2

+ ± −

x = 3, 1.

7. 2x

2

+ 5x − 4 = 0

⇒ α + β =

5

2

−

; α.β = − 2

(a) +

α β

β α

=

2 2

α + β

αβ

=

( )

2

.

+ 2 α β − α β

αβ

=

2

5

4

2

2

− ¸ _

+

¸ ,

−

=

−41

8

.

(b) α

3

+ β

3

= (α

+ β)

3

− 3 αβ (α

+ β)

=

− −

¸ _

+

¸ ,

125 5

6

8 2

=

− − 125 120

8

=

−245

8

.

8. Given equation is

2 2

2 2

2 2

6

2 2

x x

x x

+ −

+

− +

= 5 ... (i)

Putting y =

2

2

2

2

x

x

+

−

so that

2

2

1 2

2

x

y

x

−

+

,

equation (i) reduces to

y +

6

y

= 5 ⇒ y

2

– 5y + 6 = 0

⇒ (y – 3)(y – 2) = 0 ⇒ y = 2 or 3

Case I. If y = 2

2

2

2

2

x

x

+

−

= 2 ⇒ x

2

+ 2 = 4x

2

– 8

⇒ 3x

2

= 10 ⇒ x = ±

10

3

Case II. If y = 3

2

2

2

2

x

x

+

−

= 3 ⇒ x

2

+ 2 = 9x

2

– 18

⇒ 8x

2

= 20 ⇒ x = ±

5

2

Hence, x = ±

10 5

,

3 2

± .

9. 25 min and 20 min.

Hint: Use: +

+

1 1

5 x x

=

9

100

.

OR

750 km/hr

Hint: Use: =

1500 1500

250 x x

−

+

=

1

2

where x = usual speed.

WORKSHEET– 14

1. (B) For equal roots, D = 0

∴ 4(a

2

c

2

+ b

2

d

2

+ 2abcd) – 4(a

2

c

2

+ a

2

d

2

+ b

2

c

2

+ b

2

d

2

) = 0

⇒ 8abcd = 4(a

2

d

2

+ b

2

c

2

)

⇒ a

2

d

2

+ b

2

c

2

– 2abcd = 0

⇒ (ad – bc)

2

= 0 ⇒ ad = bc.

2. (D) For no real roots, D < 0

∴ k

2

– 4 × 1 × 1 < 0 ⇒ k

2

– 2

2

< 0

⇒ (k – 2)(k + 2) < 0 ⇒ – 2 < k < 2.

3. (A) Let us find the discriminant of equation

x

2

– 4x + 3 2 = 0.

D = (– 4)

2

– 4 × 1 × 3 2 = 16 – 12 2

= 16 – 16.97

⇒ D < 0.

Therefore, x

2

– 4x + 3 2 has no real roots.

4. Given equation is:

x

2

+ ax – 4 = 0

D = b

2

– 4ac

= a

2

– 4(– 4)

= a

2

+ 16 > 0

As D > 0, two real and distinct roots exist.

150 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

5. Let the required whole number be x.

∴ x – 20 = 69 ×

1

x

⇒ x

2

– 20x = 69

⇒ x

2

– 20x – 69 = 0

⇒ x

2

– (23 – 3)x – 23 × 3 = 0

⇒ (x – 23)(x + 3) = 0

⇒ x = 23 or x = –

3

But –

3 is not a whole number

∴ x = 23.

6. x =

2

3

a b +

,

2

3

a b +

Hint: See solved example 5(ii).

7. (x − 5) (x − 6) =

2

25

(24)

⇒ x

2

− 11x =

2

25

(24)

− 30

Add

2

11

2

¸ _

¸ ,

to both sides.

⇒ x

2

− 11x +

¸ _

¸ ,

2

11

2

=

2

25

(24)

− 30 +

2

11

2

¸ _

¸ ,

⇒

¸ _

−

¸ ,

2

11

2

x =

2

25

(24)

− 30 +

121

4

=

2

25

(24)

+

1

4

=

25 144

576

+

=

¸ _

¸ ,

2

13

24

⇒ x

11

2

− =

13

24

± .

⇒ x =

11

2

±

13

24

⇒ x =

132 13

24

±

⇒ x =

145

24

;

119

24

⇒ x =

1

6

24

;

23

4

24

.

8. Let the tap of larger diameter takes x hours

to fill the tank. Therefore, the other tap will

take (x + 10) hours to fill the same tank.

The tap of larger diameter will fill the tank

1

x

part in one hour and the other one will

fill

1

10 x +

part in the same time.

According to the question,

1 1

10 x x

+

+

=

1

3

9

8

⇒

2 10

( 10)

x

x x

+

+

=

8

75

⇒ 4x

2

– 35x – 375 = 0

⇒ 4x

2

– 60x + 25x – 375 = 0

⇒ 4x(x – 15) + 25(x – 15) = 0

⇒ x = 15,

25

4

−

Rejecting x =

25

4

− hours due to negative

time, we have

x = 15 hours and x + 10 = 25 hours.

Hence the tap of larger diameter and of

smaller diameter can separately fill the tank

in 15 hrs and 25 hrs respectively.

OR

7 m, 4 m

Hint: See Worksheet − −− −− 10, Sol. 9.

9.

1 1

a b x x

−

+ +

=

1 1

a b

+

⇒

( )

x a b x

x a b x

− − −

+ +

=

b a

ab

+

⇒ −ab = x (a + b) + x

2

⇒ x

2

+ x (a + b) + ab = 0

⇒ (x + a) (x + b) = 0

⇒ x = − a or − b.

OR

Hint: D = 4a(a

3

+ b

3

+ c

3

– 3abc)

∴

D = 0

a = 0 or a

3

+ b

3

+ c

3

= 3abc.

151

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

WORKSHEET– 15

1. (C) For real roots, D ≥ 0

∴ (– k)

2

– 4 × 5 × 1 ≥ 0 ⇒ k

2

≥ 20

⇒ k ≤ –

20

or k ≥

20

.

2. (A) 3(2)

2

– 2p(2) + 2q = 0

and 3(3)

2

– 2p(3) + 2q = 0

⇒ 4p – 2q = 12 and 6p – 2q = 27

⇒ p =

15

2

, q = 9.

3. (B) D =

( )

2

4 3

– 4 × 3 × 4.

= 48 – 48 = 0

⇒Two roots are real and equal.

4. False.

There can be quadratic equation which have

no real roots e.g. x

2

+ 2x + 7 = 0; This equation

has no real roots because D = – 24 < 0.

5. No.

Let their ages be x years and y years.

Then x + y = 20 ... (i)

And (x – 4)(y – 4) = 48 ... (ii)

Consider equation (ii).

xy = 112 ... (iii )

From equations (i) and (iii), we have

x

2

– 20x + 112 = 0

Here, D < 0

Hence, the given situation is not possible.

6. D = b

2

− −− −− 4ac

= 16a

4

− 4(4) (a

4

− b

4

)

= 16a

4

− 16a

4

+ 16b

4

= (4b

2

)

2

≥ 0

∴ x =

D

2

b

a

− ±

=

±

×

2 2

4 4

2 4

a b

⇒ x =

2 2

2

a b +

;

2 2

–

2

a b

.

7. (α – 3) x

2

+ 4 (α – 3) = 4

⇒ (α – 3) x

2

+ 4(α – 3) – 4 = 0 ... (i)

Since equation (i) has real and equal roots,

∴ Discriminant (D) = 0

⇒ b

2

– 4ac = 0

∴ a = α – 3, b = 0,

c = 4 (α – 3) – 4 = 4 (α – 4)

∴ D = 0 – 4(α – 3) × 4 (α – 4) = 0

⇒ α = 3 or α = 4

But α ≠ 3, i.e., α – 3 ≠ 0, as (α – 3) is the

constant of the leading term.

Hence, α = 4.

8. Yes; 5 m and 12 m

Hint: Let distance of pole P from gate B be

x m and from A, (x + 7) m.

Therefore, x

2

+ (x + 7)

2

= 13

2

Now solve.

OR

Let the snake is caught at a distance of x m

from the pillar base

∴ From figure, AC

2

= 9

2

+ x

2

(Using Pythagoras Theorem)

and CD = 27 − x.

Since their speed are same so,

AC = CD (∵ Distance covered will be

equal in equal time)

⇒ AC

2

= CD

2

⇒ 81 + x

2

= (27 − x)

2

81 + x

2

= 729 + x

2

– 54x

54x = 648

∴ x = 12m.

152 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

4. Yes.

(x – 1)

3

= x

3

– 2x + 1

⇒ x

3

– 1 + 3x(–1)(x – 1) = x

3

– 2x + 1

⇒ x

3

– 1 – 3x

2

+ 3x = x

3

– 2x + 1

⇒ 3x

2

– 5x + 2 = 0

That is a quadratic equation.

5. (2x – 1) (x + 7) = 9

⇒ 2x

2

+ 14x – x – 7 = 9

⇒ 2x

2

+ 13x – 16 = 0

⇒ D = 169 – 4 (2) (–16)

= 169 + 128

= 297

∴ x =

13 297

4

− ±

.

6. 4x

2

– 2(a

2

+ b

2

) + a

2

b

2

= 0

Here, A = 4, B = – 2(a

2

+ b

2

) and C = a

2

b

2

Now,

x =

2

B B 4AC

2A

− ± −

=

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

2( ) 4( ) 4×4 ×

2×4

a b a b a b + ± + −

=

2 2 4 4 2 2 2 2

2( ) 2 2 4

2 × 4

a b a b a b a b + ± + + −

=

2 2 2 2 2

( )

4

a b a b + ± −

=

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

,

4 4

a b a b a b a b + + − + − +

∴ x =

2 2

,

2 2

a b

.

7. k = −

10

9

or k = 2

Hint: Put D = b

2

− 4ac = 0

Take a = 1, b = −2(1 + 3k)

c = 7(3 + 2k).

8. 81

Hint: See Worksheet – 6, Sol. 8.

9. x

2

+

+

a

x

a b

+ 1

a b

x

a

+

+ = 0

⇒ x +

+

a

x

a

b

¸ _

¸ ,

+

+ a b

a

a

x

a b

¸ _

+

¸ ,

+

= 0

⇒

a b

x

a

+ ¸ _

+

¸ ,

a

x

a b

¸ _

+

+

¸ ,

= 0

∴ x =

a

a b

−

+

or −

a b

a

+

OR

4x

2

+ 4bx = a

2

− b

2

⇒ x

2

+ bx =

−

2 2

4

a b

⇒ x

2

+ bx +

¸ _

¸ ,

2

2

b

=

−

2 2

4

a b

+

2

4

b

⇒

¸ _

+

¸ ,

2

2

b

x

=

2

4

a

⇒ +

2

b

x = ±

2

a

x =

2

b a − ±

.

WORKSHEET– 16

1. (C) For real and equal roots, D = 0.

∴ (4k)

2

– 4 × 12 × 3 = 0

⇒ 16(k

2

– 3

2

) = 0

⇒ (k – 3)(k + 3) = 0

⇒ k = ± 3.

2. (B) α + β =

2

1

and αβ = – 3

⇒ (α + 2) + (β + 2) = 2 + 4

and (α + 2)(β + 2) = αβ + 2(α + β) + 4

= – 3 + 2 (2) + 4

⇒ S = 6 and P = 5

Required equation: x

2

– Sx + P = 0,

i.e., x

2

– 6x + 5 = 0.

3. (B) (b)

2

– (a + b) b + p = 0

⇒ b

2

– ab – b

2

+ p = 0

⇒ p = ab.

153

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

OR

25 students

Hint: Let the number of students attended

picnic = x

∴ Per head contribution =

500

x

According to question,

500 500

– 5 x x

− = 5

∴

5

500

( 5)

x x

x x

− + 1

1

−

¸ ]

= 5

⇒ 500 = x

2

– 5x

⇒ x

2

– 5x – 500 = 0.

9.

2 1 3 9

3 2 3 ( 3)(2 3)

x x

x x x x

+

+ +

− + − +

= 0

⇒

2 (2 3) 3 (3 9)

( 3)(2 3)

x x x x

x x

+ + − + +

− +

= 0

⇒

2

4 10 6

( 3)(2 3)

x x

x x

+ +

− +

= 0

⇒ 2x

2

+ 5x + 3 = 0

⇒ 2x

2

+ 3x + 2x + 3 = 0

⇒ (2x + 3)(x + 1) = 0

⇒ x = – 1,

3

2

−

But x ≠

3

2

− . Therefore, x = – 1.

OR

The given quadratic equation is

x

2

– ( )

2 1 2 x + +

= 0

Here, a = 1, b = –

( )

2 1 +

, c =

2

Now, x =

2

4

2

b b ac

a

− ± −

=

2 1 2 1 2 2 4 2

2

+ ± + + −

=

2 1 2 2 2 1

2

+ ± − +

=

( )

2

2 1 2 1

2

+ ± −

=

2 1 2 1

2

+ + −

,

2 1 2 1

2

+ − +

=

2 2 2

,

2 2

∴ x = 2, 1

Hence, the required roots are

2

and 1.

WORKSHEET– 17

1. (A) Let roots be α and β such that

α =

3 2

3

+

and β =

3 2

3

−

.

Required equation would be

x

2

– (α + β)x + αβ = 0

⇒ x

2

– 2x +

7

9

= 0

⇒ 9x

2

– 18x + 7 = 0.

2. (B) α

2

+ β

2

– 4αβ = (α+β)

2

– 6αβ

=

2

5

2

−

¸ _

¸ ,

– 6 (– 2) =

25

4

+ 12 =

73

4

.

3. (D) Given equation is:

+ + −

− +

2 1 1

( 1) (2 1)

x x

x x

= 3

⇒ x = 2x

2

− x −1

⇒ 2x

2

− 2x

− 1 = 0

∴ D = (– 2)

2

– 4 × 2 × (– 1) = 12.

4. –

12 < k < 12

Hint: D < 0

⇒ k

2

– 144 < 0

⇒ (k – 12) (k + 12) < 0

⇒ − 12 < k < 12.

5. D = 0

⇒ (11 + m)

2

− 4(3m + 1)(9) = 0

⇒ 121 + m

2

+ 22m − 108m − 36 = 0

⇒ m

2

− 86m + 85 = 0

⇒ m

2

− 85m − m + 85 = 0

⇒ m(m

− 85) − 1(m − 85) = 0

⇒ m = 1 or m = 85.

6.

2 2

2 2

3 4

,

a b

a b

−

Hint: Use x =

2

B B 4AC

2A

− ± −

154 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

7. Let the triangle be ABC.

According to the question,

AC = 50 cm ...(i)

AB + BC + AC

= 112 cm ...(ii)

From equations (i) and (ii), we have

AB + BC = 62 cm ... (iii)

Using Pythagoras theorem in ∆ABC,

we have

AC

2

= AB

2

+ BC

2

... (iv)

From equations (i), (iii) and (iv), we have

(50)

2

= AB

2

+ (62 – AB)

2

⇒ 2AB

2

– 124AB + 3844 – 2500 = 0

⇒ AB

2

– 62AB + 672 = 0

⇒ AB

2

– 48AB – 14AB + 672 = 0

⇒ (AB – 48)(AB – 14) = 0

⇒ AB = 48 cm or AB = 14 cm

⇒ BC = 14 cm or BC = 48 cm

[Using (iii)]

Now, ar(∆ABC) =

1

2

× 14 × 48

= 336 cm

2

.

8.

− 4 3 x

=

− + 6 2 3 x

Squaring both sides,

4x − 3 = 36 + 2x + 3 − + 12 2 3 x

⇒ 2x − 42 = − + 12 2 3 x

⇒ x − 21 = − + 6 2 3 x

Again, squaring both sides, we get,

x

2

+ 441 − 42x = 36(2x + 3)

⇒ x

2

+ 441 – 42x = 72x + 108

⇒ x

2

− 114x + 333 = 0

⇒ x

2

− 111x − 3x + 333 = 0

⇒ x(x − 111) − 3(x − 111) = 0

⇒ (x – 3)(x – 111) = 0

∴ x = 3 or x = 111 (Reject).

9. Let required number of soldiers in each

row be x.

When the number of soldiers in each row

is 2 more than the total number of rows,

Number of soldiers in each row = x

and number of rows = x – 2

Therefore, total number of soldiers

= x(x – 2) ... (i)

When total number of rows are doubled,

number of soldiers in each row

= x – 7

and number of rows = 2(x – 2)

Therefore, total number of soldiers

= 2(x – 2)(x – 7) ... (ii)

According to the question, we arrive

equation (ii) – equation (i) = 160

⇒ 2(x – 2)(x – 7) – x(x – 2) = 160

⇒ x

2

– 16x – 132 = 0

⇒ x

2

– 22x + 6x – 132 = 0

⇒ (x + 6)(x – 22) = 0

⇒ x = – 6, 22

Negative value of x cannot be taken, so

required number of soliders is 22 in each

row.

OR

2

5

.

Hint:

+

+

+

2 1 29

2 1 10

x x

x x

⇒ 8x

2

– 11x – 10 = 0

⇒ x = 2 or

5

8

−

.

WORKSHEET–18

1. (Β) −

5 is a root of 2x

2

+ px − 15 = 0

∴ 2(−5)

2

+p (−5) −15 = 0

⇒ p = 7

∴ p(x

2

+ x) + k = 0

⇒ 7x

2

+ 7x + k = 0

For equal roots, D= 0

⇒ 49 − 28k = 0

⇒ k =

7

4

.

2. (A) D = b

2

– 4ac

= (– 6)

2

– 4 ×

7

× (– 13

7

)

= 36 + 364 = 400.

155

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

3. (A) For no real roots, D < 0.

∴ 25k

2

– 64 < 0 ⇒ k

2

–

2

8

5

¸ _

¸ ,

< 0

⇒

8

5

− < k <

8

5

.

4. The given equation is a perfect square, if

D = 0.

⇒ (2p + 4)

2

– 4(4 – p)(8p + 1) = 0

⇒ 4p

2

+ 16p + 16 + 32p

2

– 124p – 16 = 0

⇒ 36p

2

– 108p = 0

⇒ p(p – 3) = 0 ⇒ p = 0 or 3.

5. No.

If x = 3 − is a solution of x

2

+ 2

2x

+ 3 = 0

x = 3 − satisfies it.

So, LHS =

( )

2

3 − + 2 2 ( ) 3 − + 3

= 3 – 2 6 + 3 = 6 –

2 6

≠ 0

Hence, x = 3 − is not a solution of the

given equation.

6. x =

2

2

q

p

, – 1

Hint: D = b

2

− 4ac

= (p

2

– q

2

)

2

– 4 × p

2

× –(–

q)

2

= (p

2

+ q

2

)

2

x =

D

2

b

a

− ±

.

7. If the quadratic equation

x

2

+ β(4x + β – 1) + 2 = 0, that is x

2

+ 4βx +

β

2

– β + 2 = 0 has real and equal roots, then

D = 0. i.e., b

2

– 4ac = 0

Here, a = 1, b = 4β, c = (β

2

– β + 2)

∴ (4β)

2

– 4 × 1 × (β

2

– β + 2) = 0

⇒ 16β

2

– 4β

2

+ 4β – 8 = 0

⇒ 12β

2

+ 4β – 8 = 0

⇒ 3β

2

+ β – 2 = 0

⇒ 3β

2

+ 3β – 2β – 2 = 0

⇒ (β + 1)(3β – 2) = 0

⇒ β + 1 = 0, 3β – 2 = 0

⇒ β = – 1,

2

3

.

8. x = 3, – 1, 1 2 ±

Hint:

Let y = x

2

− 2x

∴ Given equation becomes y

2

− 4y + 3 = 0.

9.

5

8

Hint: Let numerator = x

∴ Denominator = x + 3

∴ Fraction =

+ 3

x

x

According to question,

+

−

+ +

1

4 3

x x

x x

=

1

24

.

OR

84

Hint: Let unit's place = x

ten's place = y

∴ Original number = 10y + x

According to question,

10y + x = 7(y + x) ... (i)

and 10y + x = 3(xy) − 12 ... (ii)

Substitute the value of y from (i) to (ii) and

solve.

WORKSHEET– 19

1. (C) S = 8 + 2 ⇒ 10 = − a ⇒ a = − 10

(For 1st eqn.)

P = 3 × 3 ⇒ 9 = b ⇒ b = 9 (For 2nd eqn.)

∴ x

2

− 10x + 9 = 0 ⇒ x = 9, 1.

2. (A) For equal roots, D = 0.

∴ 64k

2

– 4 × 9 × 16 = 0 ⇒ k = ± 3.

3. No.

At x = 1, x

2

+ x + 1 = 1

2

+ 1 + 1 = 3 ≠ 0

At x = – 1, x

2

+ x + 1 = (– 1)

2

– 1 + 1 = 1 ≠ 0

Hence, neither x = 1 nor x = – 1 is a solution

of the equation x

2

+ x + 1 = 0.

4.

a b

x a x b

+

− −

2c

x c −

⇒

( )( )

ax ab bx ab

x a x b

− + −

− −

=

2c

x c −

⇒ (ax + bx – 2ab)(x – c)

= 2c(x

2

– ax – bx + ab)

156 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

⇒ (a + b – 2c) x

2

– 2abx + bcx + cax = 0

⇒ x[(a + b – 2c) x – (2ab – ca – bc)] = 0

⇒ x = 0 or x =

2

2

ab ac bc

a b c

− −

+ −

.

5. x = ±

2

, ± 2

Hint: Let y = (5 + 2

6

)

x

2

– 3

∴

1

y

= (5 – 2 6 )

x

2

– 3

∴ y +

1

y

= 10

∴ y =

10 96

2 × 1

±

(Using: D = b

2

– 4ac)

⇒ y = 5 ± 2 6 .

Now compare the exponent.

6. x =

1 5

2

±

Hint: Use a

2

+ b

2

= (a – b)

2

+ 2ab

2

–

1

x

x

x

¸ _

+ ¸ ,

+

2x

1

x

x

¸ _

¸ ,

+

= 3

⇒

2

2

1

x x x

x

¸ _

+ −

+

¸ ,

+ 2

2

1

x

x +

= 3

⇒

2

2

1

x

x

¸ _

+

¸ ,

+ 2

2

1

x

x

¸ _

+

¸ ,

= 3

Let y =

2

1

x

x +

⇒ y

2

+ 2y – 3 = 0

⇒ y = 1 or y = – 3

⇒

2

=1

1

x

x +

or

2

1

x

x +

= – 3

x

2

– x – 1 = 0 or x

2

+ 3x + 3 = 0

Now solve.

7. Hint: Take a = 1 + m

2

, b = 2mc, c = c

2

− a

2

Use D = b

2

− 4ac = 0.

8. Hint: Let roots of

Ax

2

+ 2Bx + C = 0 be α′

and β′

∴ α′

= α + δ;

β′ = β + δ

∴ α′

− β′ = α − β;

∴ (α′

− β′)

2

= (α − β)

2

∴ (α′

+ β′)

2

− 4α′

β′

= (α + β)

2

− 4αβ

⇒

2

2

4B C

.

4

A A

− =

2

2

4

.

4

b c

a a

−

⇒

−

2

2

b ac

a

=

−

2

2

B AC

A

⇒

−

−

2

2

B AC

b ac

=

¸ _

¸ ,

2

A

a

.

9. Let ∆ABC is a right-angled

triangle such that ∠C = 90° and

b > a.

∴ c

2

= a

2

+ b

2

⇒ a

2

+ b

2

= (3

5

)

2

= 45

⇒ 4a

2

+ 4b

2

= 180 ... (i)

Let the new corresponding sides be a', b'

and c' such that

a' = 3a, b' = 2b and c' = 15 cm

Then, (3a)

2

+ (2b)

2

= (15)

2

⇒ 9a

2

+ 4b

2

= 225 ... (ii)

Subtracting equation (i) from equation (ii),

we have

5a

2

= 45 ⇒ a = 3

Substituting a = 3 in equation (ii), we have

9 × 9 + 4b

2

= 225

⇒ 4b

2

= 225 – 81 = 144 ⇒ b = 6

Hence, the original length of sides are 3 cm,

5 cm and

3 5

cm.

OR

According to the question, the two times:

(i) t minutes past 2 p.m. and

(ii)

2

60 3

4

t

¸ _

− −

¸ ,

minutes past 2 p.m. are

equal. It means

t =

2

60 3

4

t

¸ _

− −

¸ ,

⇒ t +

2

3

4

t

−

60

⇒ t

2

+ 4t – 252 = 0

⇒ t

2

+ 18t – 14t – 252 = 0

157

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

⇒ t(t + 18) – 14(t + 18) = 0

⇒ (t + 18)(t – 14) = 0

⇒ t = – 18 (rejected), t = 14.

WORKSHEET– 20

1. (A) The wrong equation is x

2

+ 17x + q = 0

∴ q = (– 2) × (– 15) = 30

Now, the original equation will be

x

2

+ 13x + 30 = 0. Its roots are –10, – 3.

2. (D) x =

2

3

must satisfy kx

2

– x – 2 = 0

∴ k ×

4 2

9 3

− – 2 = 0 ⇒ k = 6.

3. (C)

Hint: For no real root D < 0.

4. x

2

+ p(2x + 4) + 12 = 0

⇒ x

2

+ 2px + 4p + 12 = 0

For real and equal roots, D = 0

∴ 4p

2

– 4 × (4p + 12) = 0

⇒ 4p

2

– 16p – 48 = 0

⇒ 4(p – 6) (p + 2) = 0

⇒ p – 6 = 0 or p + 2 = 0

⇒ p = 6 or –2.

5. Product of roots =

c

a

⇒

1

× ( 2)

2

− =

1

q

p

−

+

⇒ − p −1 = − q

⇒ q − p = 1 ... (i)

Also sum of roots = −

1

2

2

=

+

3

1 p

⇒

1

2

− =

+

1

1 p

⇒ p = − 3 ... (ii)

∴ From (i), q = −2

∴ p + q + 5 = − 3 − 2 + 5 = 0.

6. Hint: Use D ≥ 0 for both the equation.

7. Hint: Use sin α + cos α = –

b

a

... (i)

and sin α

.

cos α =

c

a

... (ii)

Squaring both sides of (i) and using (ii)

you will get the result.

8. The given equation is

1 3

2 4

x x

x x

− −

+

− −

=

1

3

3

⇒

( 1)( 4) ( 2)( 3)

( 2)( 4)

x x x x

x x

− − + − −

− −

=

10

3

⇒

2 2

2

5 4 5 6

6 8

x x x x

x x

− + + − +

− +

=

10

3

⇒

2

2

5 5

6 8

x x

x x

− +

− +

=

5

3

⇒ 5x

2

– 30x + 40 = 3x

2

– 15x + 15

⇒ 2x

2

– 15x + 25 = 0

Let us use quadratic formula.

x =

2

4

2

b b ac

a

− ± −

=

15 225 4×2×25

2×2

± −

⇒ x =

15 5

4

±

⇒ x = 5,

5

2

.

9. Yes, 25 m and 16 m

Hint: Let the two adjacent sides of the field

be a and b.

Then 2(a + b) = 82 ⇒ a + b = 41

And ab = 400.

OR

3 cm and 9 cm

Hint: Let smaller leg = x

From figure,

x

2

+ y

2

= (3 10 )

2

= 90

⇒ y

2

= 90 − x

2

... (i)

Also (3x)

2

+ (2y)

2

= (9 5 )

2

⇒ 9x

2

+ 4y

2

= 405 ... (ii)

Use (i) and (ii) and then solve.

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 1

1. (C) D = ( )

2

5 −

– 4 × 2 × 1 = 5 – 8 = – 3 < 0.

Given equation has no real roots.

2. (C) 3x

2

+

2 6x

+ 2 + x

2

= 4x

2

– 4x

i.e., ( )

6 2 +

x + 1 = 0

which is not a quadratic equation.

A

B

C

y

x

3 10 cm

158 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

3. (x – 1)(x + 2) + 2 = 0 ⇒ x

2

+ x = 0

⇒ x(x + 1) = 0 ⇒ x = 0 or –1

So, roots are 0 and –1.

4. False, because a quadratic equation having

negative discriminant has no real root.

5. 3x

2

+

5 5x

– 10 = 0 ... (i)

We divide

5 5x

into two parts such that

sum and product of them are

5 5x

and

–

30x

2

respectively.

Such parts are 6 5x and 5x − so equation (i)

forms as follows:

3x

2

+ 6 5x – 5x – 10 = 0

or 3x ( )

2 5 x +

– ( )

5 2 5 x +

= 0

or ( )( )

2 5 3 5 x x + −

= 0

i.e., x +

2 5

= 0 or 3x –

5

= 0

i.e., x = – 2 5 or x =

5

3

Hence, the roots of equation

3x

2

+

5 5 10 x −

= 0 are 2 5 − and

5

3

.

6. If a quadratic equation has equal real roots,

then its discriminant vanishes.

i.e., D = 0

or b

2

– 4ac = 0

From the given equation,

a = k – 12; b = 2(k – 12); c = 2

So, b

2

– 4ac = 0 provides

{2(k – 12)}

2

– 4(k – 12) × 2 = 0

i.e., 4(k

2

– 24k + 144) – 8k + 96 = 0

i.e., k

2

– 24k + 144 – 2k + 24 = 0

i.e., k

2

– 26k + 168 = 0

i.e., k

2

– 14k – 12k + 168 = 0

i.e., k(k – 14) –12(k – 14) = 0

i.e., (k – 14)(k – 12) = 0

i.e., k – 14 = 0 or k – 12 = 0

i.e., k = 14 or 12.

But k ≠ 12. ∴ k = 14.

7. a

2

x

2

– 3abx + 2b

2

= 0

Dividing throughout by a

2

, we get

x

2

–

3bx

a

+

2

2

2b

a

= 0

Here,

1

2

of coefficient of x is –

3

2

b

a

Adding both the sides to

2

3

2

b

a

¸ _

−

¸ ,

, we get

x

2

–

3bx

a

+

2

3

2

b

a

¸ _

−

¸ ,

+

2

2

2b

a

=

2

3

2

b

a

¸ _

−

¸ ,

i.e.,

2 2 2

2 2

3 9 2

2 4

b b b

x

a a a

¸ _

− −

¸ ,

=

2

2

4

b

a

i.e.,

2

3

2

b

x

a

¸ _

−

¸ ,

=

2

2

b

a

¸ _

¸ ,

i.e.,

3

2

b

x

a

− = ±

2

b

a

i.e.,

3

2 2

b b

x

a a

−

or

3

2 2

b b

x

a a

− −

i.e.,

2b

x

a

or x =

b

a

Hence, the roots of the given equation are

2b

a

and

b

a

.

8. Let the speed of the faster train be x km/hr

and that of the slower train be y km/hr.

Time =

Distance

Speed

Time taken by the slower train – Time taken

by the faster train = 3 hrs.

⇒

600

y

–

600

x

= 3 ... (i )

The speed of the slower train is 10 km/hr

less than that of the faster train

i.e., x – y = 10

or x = y + 10 ... (ii)

Substitute x = y + 10 from equation (ii ) in

equation (i) to get

600 600

10 y y

−

+

= 3

⇒ 600(y + 10) – 600y = 3(y + 10)y

⇒ 200y + 2000 – 200y = y

2

+ 10y

159

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

⇒ y

2

+ 10y – 2000 = 0

⇒ y

2

+ 50y – 40y – 2000 = 0

⇒ y(y + 50) – 40 (y + 50) = 0

⇒ (y + 50)(y – 40) = 0

⇒ y = 40, – 50

Neglecting y = –50 because speed is a non-

negative quantity, we get

y = 40

Substitute this value of y, i.e., y = 40

in equation (ii ) we get

x = 40 + 10 = 50

Hence, speed of the faster train = 50 km/hr

and speed of the slower train = 40 km/hr.

ASSESSMENT SHEET–2

1. (B) 7

2

2

3

¸ _

¸ ,

+ t

2

3

¸ _

¸ ,

– 3 = 0

⇒

28 2

9 3

+ t – 3 = 0

⇒ t =

3 28

3

2 9

¸ _

−

¸ ,

⇒ t = –

3 1

2 9

× =

1

6

− .

2. (A) Let us find the discriminant of:

x

2

+

2 3x

– 1 = 0

D = ( )

2

2 3x

– 4 × 1 × (–1) = 12 + 4 = 16 > 0

⇒ x

2

+2 3x – 1 = 0 has real roots.

3. Consider x

2

+ 5px + 16 has no real roots.

⇒ D < 0

⇒ (5p)

2

– 4 × 1 × 16 < 0

⇒ 25p

2

< 64 ⇒ p < ±

64

25

⇒

8

5

− < p <

8

5

.

4. True.

Let equation is ax

2

+ bx + c = 0

Case I. a > 0 and c < 0 ⇒ ac < 0 ⇒ – ac > 0

∴ D = b

2

– 4ac > 0 ∴ b

2

≥ 0

Case II. a < 0 and c > 0 ⇒ ac < 0 ⇒ – ac > 0

∴ D = b

2

– 4ac > 0.

5. (a – b) x

2

+ (b – c) x + (c – a) = 0

As this equation has equal roots, the

discriminant of it vanishes.

i.e., D = 0

⇒ (b – c)

2

– 4 × (a – b) × (c – a) = 0

⇒ b

2

– 2bc + c

2

– 4ac + 4a

2

+ 4bc – 4ab = 0

⇒ 4a

2

+ b

2

+ c

2

– 4ab + 2bc – 4ac = 0

⇒ (2a – b – c)

2

= 0

[∵ (x + y + z)

2

= x

2

+ y

2

+ z

2

+ 2xy

+ 2yz + 2zx]

⇒ 2a – b – c = 0

⇒ 2a = b + c.

Hence proved.

6. x

2

– ( ) 3 1 3 0 x + + ... (i)

Coefficient of x = – ( )

3 1 +

Half of coefficient of x = –

3 1

2

+

Adding

2

3 1

2

¸ _

+

−

¸ ,

to both the sides of

equation (i), we get

x

2

– ( )

3 1 +

x +

2

3 1

2

¸ _

+

−

¸ ,

+

3

=

2

3 1

2

¸ _

+

−

¸ ,

⇒

2

3 1

2

x

¸ _

+

−

¸ ,

=

3 1 2 3

4

+ +

–

3

⇒

2

3 1

2

x

¸ _

+

−

¸ ,

=

3 1 2 3

4

+ −

⇒

2

3 1

2

x

¸ _

+

−

¸ ,

=

2

3 1

2

¸ _

−

¸ ,

⇒ x –

3 1

2

+

= ±

3 1

2

−

i.e., x =

3 1

2

+

+

3 1

2

−

,

3 1

2

+

–

3 1

2

−

i.e., x =

3

or x = 1.

Hence, x =

3

, 1.

160 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

7. Given equation is

a

2

b

2

x

2

– (4b

4

– 3a

4

)x – 12a

2

b

2

= 0 ... (i)

General quadratic equation is

Ax

2

+ Bx + C = 0 ... (ii)

Comparing the coefficients of like powers of

x of equations (i) and (ii), we get

A = a

2

b

2

; B = – (4b

4

– 3a

4

); C = –12a

2

b

2

Now,

D = B

2

– 4AC

= {– (4b

4

– 3a

4

)}

2

– 4a

2

b

2

(– 12a

2

b

2

)

= 16b

8

– 24b

4

a

4

+ 9a

8

+ 48a

4

b

4

= 16b

8

+ 9a

8

+ 24a

4

b

4

= (4b

4

+ 3a

4

)

2

.

Using the quadratic formula to solve

equation (i), we have

x =

B D

2A

− ±

=

4 4 4 4 2

2 2

4 3 (4 3 )

2

b a b a

a b

− ± +

=

4 4 4 4

2 2

4 3 (4 3 )

2

b b b a

a b

− ± +

i.e., x =

4 4 4 4

2 2

4 3 4 3

2

b a b a

a b

− + +

,

4 4 4 4

2 2

4 3 4 3

2

b a b a

a b

− − −

i.e., x =

4

2 2

8

2

b

a b

,

4

2 2

6

2

a

a b

−

i.e., x =

4

2

4b

a

, –

2

2

3a

b

.

8. Let the present age of Sumita be x years

and that of her daughter Riya be y years.

According to the first given condition,

x = 2 + y

2

... (i)

Riya would reach at the age of x years after

(x – y) years.

After (x – y) years, Sumita’s age

= x – y + x

= (2x – y) years

According to the second given condition

2x – y = 10y – 1

2x – 11y + 1 = 0 ... (ii)

Putting x = 2 + y

2

from (i) in equation (ii),

we get

2(2 + y)

2

– 11y + 1 = 0

⇒ 4 + 2y

2

– 11y + 1 = 0

⇒ 2y

2

– 11y + 5 = 0

⇒ 2y

2

– 10y – y + 5 = 0

⇒ 2y (y – 5) – 1 (y – 5) = 0

⇒ (y – 5)(2y – 1) = 0

⇒ y = 5 or

1

2

Let us use equation (i).

When y =

1

2

, x = 2 +

2

1

2

¸ _

¸ ,

=

9

4

= 2.25

But at the age of 2.25 years, Sumita cannot

be mother. So, we must reject y =

1

2

years.

When y = 5, x = 2 + 5

2

= 27

Hence, present age of Sumita is 27 years

and Riya is 5 years.

CHAPTER TEST

1. (C) Let us consider option (C).

⇒2x

2

+ 3 + 2 6x + x

2

= 3x

2

– 5x

⇒ (5 + 2 6 ) x + 3 = 0

which is not a quadratic equation.

2. (B) 9x

2

+

3

4

x –

2

= 0

Let us add and subtract

1

64

.

9x

2

+

3

4

x +

1 1

2

64 64

− − = 0

⇒

2

1

3

8

x

¸ _

+

¸ ,

−

2

1 64 2

8

¸ _

+

¸ ,

= 0

Clearly, the required number is

1

64

.

161

D A U Q A R C I T A U Q E I T S N O

3. (C) The given equation can be written as

x

4

+ x

2

+ 1 = 0

Here, D = 1

2

– 4 × 1 × 1 = –3 < 0

As D < 0, there is no real root.

4. 2x

2

– kx + k = 0 has equal roots, if discrimi-

nant = 0.

⇒ (– k)

2

– 4 × 2 × k = 0 ⇒ k(k – 8) = 0

⇒ k = 0 or 8.

5. True.

Let us consider a quadratic equation

2

3 7 3 12 3 0 x x − +

Here, D =

( )

2

–7 3

– 4 ×

3

×12 3

⇒ D = 147 – 144 = 3

⇒ D > 0

⇒ Roots are real and distinct.

So, x =

7 3 3

2 3

±

∴ x = 4, 3 which are

rationals.

OR

No.

(x – 1)

2

+ (2x + 1) = 0

⇒ x

2

– 2x + 1 + 2x + 1 = 0

⇒ x

2

+ 2 = 0

Here, D = 0

2

– 4 × 1 × 2 = – 8 < 0.

Hence, the given equation has no real root.

6.

2

1

11

2

x x − + 1 = 0

Here,

1

=

2

a , b = 11 − , c = 1

D = b

2

– 4ac

=

( )

2

11 −

– 4 ×

1

2

× 1 = 9

x =

D

2

b

a

− ±

=

( ) 11 3

2 × 1

− − ±

α =

11 3

2

+

, β =

11 3

2

−

.

7. Let the required natural number be N.

N

2

– 84 = (N + 8) × 3 ⇒N

2

– 3N – 108 = 0

⇒ (N – 12)(N + 9) = 0 ⇒ N = 12 or –9

But –9 is not a natural number.

So, N = 12 is the required natural number.

8. (b – c)x

2

+ (c – a) x + (a – b) = 0

A quadratic equation is a perfect square, if

its discriminant (D) is equal to zero.

Here, A = b – c, B = c – a and C = a – b

Now, D = 0

⇒ D = B

2

– 4AC = (c – a)

2

– 4(b – c)(a – b)

⇒ c

2

+ a

2

– 2ca – 4 (ab – b

2

– ca + bc) = 0

⇒ c

2

+ a

2

+ 4b

2

+ 2ca – 4bc – 4ab = 0

⇒ (c + a – 2b)

2

= 0

[∵ (x + y + z)

2

= x

2

+ y

2

+ z

2

+ 2xy

+ 2yz + 2zx]

⇒ c + a – 2b = 0 ⇒ b =

2

a c +

.

Hence proved.

9. Let the thickness of the region having the

grass be x metres.

From the adjoining figure, we have

AB = PQ = DC = SR = 50 m

AP = BQ = KQ = x m

KL = QR = JM = PS = (40 – 2x) m

Now, area of the grass field = 1184

⇒ AB × AP × 2 + QR × KQ × 2 =1184

⇒ 50 × x × 2 + (40 – 2x) × x × 2 = 1184

⇒ 180x – 4x

2

= 1184

⇒ x

2

– 45x + 296 = 0

⇒ x

2

– 37x – 8x + 296 = 0

⇒ (x – 37)(x – 8) = 0

⇒ x = 8 or x = 37

But x = 37 is not possible as 2x > 50

∴ x = 8 m

∴ Length of the pond

= JK = 50 – 16 = 34 m

And breadth of the pond = JM

= 40 – 16 = 24 m.

❑❑

162 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

2

Chapter

ARITHMETIC PROGRESSIONS

WORKSHEET– 24

1. (D) Let us consider option (D).

2

nd

term – 1

st

term = – 6 – (–10) = 4

3

rd

term – 2

nd

term = – 2 – (– 6) = 4

4

th

term – 3

rd

term = 2 – (– 2) = 4

∴ – 10, – 6, – 2, 2,........ is an A.P.

2. (B) 11

th

term of the A.P. – 62, – 59, – 56, ..., 7,

10 is – 62 + (11 – 1) × 3, i.e., – 32.

3. (A) n

th

term= – 15 + (n – 1) × (– 3)

= – 15 – 3n + 3 = – 3n – 12.

4. ∵ T

n

= 7 – 4n

∴ T

n – 1

= 7 – 4(n – 1) = 11 – 4n

Now, d = T

n

– T

n – 1

= 7 – 4n – 11 + 4n

= – 4.

5. False

Let first term be a and common difference

be d of an A.P.

Then

3

rd

term, a + 2d = 4 ... (i)

9

th

term, a + 8d = –8 ... (ii)

Subtracting equation (ii) from (i), we get

⇒ – 6d = 12

⇒ d = –2

Putting d = – 2 in (i), we get

.

.

. a = 8

.

.

. Given a + (n – 1)d = 0

⇒ 8 + (n – 1) (– 2) = 0

⇒ – 2n = –10 ∴ n = 5

5

th

term= a + (n – 1)d

= 8 + (5 – 1) (– 2)

= 0

Thus its 5

th

term is 0. So the given statement

is false.

6. First term = a = – 1

Second term= a + d = – 1 +

1

2

= –

1

2

Third term = a + 2d = – 1 + 2 ×

1

2

= 0

Fourth term= a + 3d = – 1 + 3 ×

1

2

=

1

2

Hence, the first four terms are: – 1, –

1

2

, 0,

1

2

.

7. Let the first term be a and the common

difference be d.

A.P. = a, a + d, a + 2d,........

According to question,

T

3

= 16 and T

7

= 12 + T

5

⇒ a + 2d = 16 and a + 6d = 12 + a + 4d

⇒ a + 2d = 16 and d = 6

⇒ a = 4 and d = 6

So, the required A.P. will be 4, 10, 16, ......

8. (i) Here, a = 9, d = 17 – 9 = 8

Let 636 be the sum of n term of this A.P.

where (n ∈ N)

Let’s use S

n

=

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d]

636 =

2

n

[2 × 9 + (n – 1)8]

⇒ 636 =

2

n

[18 + 8n – 8]

⇒ 636 =

2

n

[10 + 8n]

⇒ 636 =

2

n

× 2[5 + 4n]

⇒ 4n

2

+ 5n – 636 = 0

Using quadratic formula

n =

2

. .

– 5 5 – 4 4 (–636)

.

2 4

±

=

– 5 10201

8

±

163 T I R A M H I T E G O R P E R S S C I N O S

=

– 5 101

8

±

=

–106 96

,

8 8

∴ n = 12, – 13.25

Rejecting n = –13.25 due to negative

value.

∴ n = 12

Thus the number of terms will be 12.

(ii)

33

20

Hint : d =

1

60

∴ a

n

=

1 1

+ ( 1)

15 60

n

¸ _

−

¸ ,

∴ a

n

=

1 1

+ 10 ×

15 60

=

4 10

60

+

=

14

60

=

7

30

∴ S

11

=

¦ ¦

11 1 7

2 15 30

+ =

11 9

2 30

×

×

=

33

20

.

9. ` 80n where n = 1, 2, 3, ..., 30; yes; ` 2400

Hint: S.I. =

PR

100

n

⇒ S.I. = 80n

Interest at the end of 30 years = ` 2400.

OR

S

n

= 55350

Hint: Sequence is:

108, 117, 126, ......, 999

∴ a

n

= 108 + (n – 1)

.

9

⇒ 999 – 108 = 9(n – 1)

⇒ 891 = 9(n – 1) ⇒ n = 100

∴ S

n

=

100

2

(108 + 999) = 50 × 1107

= 55350.

WORKSHEET– 25

1. (A) S

15

=

15 3 3

2 × + (15– 1) × 5 –

2 5 5

1 ¸ _

1

¸ , ¸ ]

=

17 15 15 6 28

× + =

2 5 5 5

×

¸ _

¸ ,

=

51 5

.

2. (C)

Hint: Let a

n

= –22

.

.

. 5 + (n – 1)(–3) = –22

⇒ – 3n = – 30 ⇒ n = 10 ∴ a

10

= – 22.

3. (B) Common difference = – 2 – 1 = – 5 – (– 2)

= – 3.

4. p = 4

Hint: Use: if a, b, c are in A.P. ⇒ 2b = a + c.

5. False

In an A.P., having n

th

term a

n

= a + (n – 1)d,

we know that a

n

is a linear polynomial in n.

Here a

n

= n

2

+ n + 1 is not a linear

polynomial in n. So it can't be n

th

term of

an

A.P.

6. Let the first term be a and the common

difference be d.

Middle term =

th

21 1

2

+

¸ _

¸ ,

term = 11

th

term.

Sum of three middle terms:

a

10

+ a

11

+ a

12

= 129

⇒ (a + 9d) + (a + 10d) + (a + 11d) = 129

⇒ 3a + 30d = 129 ... (i)

Sum of last three terms:

a

19

+ a

20

+ a

21

= 237

⇒ (a +18d) + (a +19d) + (a +20d) = 237

3a + 57d = 237

...(ii)

Subtracting equation (i) from equation (ii),

we have

27d = 108 ⇒ d = 4

Substituting d = 4 in equation (i), we have

a =

129 – 120

3

= 3

So the required A.P. will be 3, 7, 11, ...

OR

a

5

+ a

9

= 72 ⇒ 2a + 12d = 72 ... (i)

also a

7

+ a

12

= 97 ⇒ 2a + 17d = 97 ... (ii)

(i) – (ii) ⇒ − 5d = − 25

164 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

⇒ d = 5

From (i), ⇒ a = 6

∴ A.P. is 6, 11, 16,....

7. S

n

= 2n – 3n

2

Hint: a

1

= 5 – 6 = – 1

a

2

= 5 – 12 = – 7

a

3

= 5 – 18 = – 13

.

.

. d = a

2

– a

1

= – 6

.

.

. S

n

= ( )( ) ¦ ¦

2+ 1 6

2

n

n − − −

= ¦ ¦ − 4 6

2

n

n

= n(2 – 3n) = 2n – 3n

2

.

8. a = 7

d = 11 – 7 = 4.

Let a

n

= 111

⇒ a + (n – 1) × d = 111

⇒ 7 + (n – 1) × 4 = 111

⇒ 7 + 4n – 4 = 111

⇒ 4n = 108

⇒ n = 27

.

.

. S

n

= S

27

=

( )

27

7 111

2

+

=

27

118

2

×

= 27 × 59

= 1593.

9. 60°, 80°, 100°, 120°

Hint: Let the angles be:

a − 3d, a − d, a + d, a + 3d.

OR

∵ S

n

= 5n

2

– 3n

∴ S

n–1

= 5(n – 1)

2

– 3(n – 1)

= 5n

2

+ 5 – 10n – 3n + 3

= 5n

2

– 13n + 8

n

th

term (a

n

) = S

n

– S

n – 1

= 5n

2

– 3n – (5n

2

– 13n + 8)

= 10n – 8

a

1

= 10 × 1 – 8 = 2

a

2

= 10 × 2 – 8 = 12

a

3

= 10 × 3 – 8 = 22

Therefore, the A.P. is 2, 12, 22,.......

Substituting n = 10 in a

n

= 10n – 8, we get

10

th

term = 10 × 10 – 8 = 92.

WORKSHEET– 26

1. (A) a = – 3, d = –

1

2

– (– 3) =

5

2

∴ a

11

= a + (11 – 1)d = –3 + 10 ×

5

2

= 22.

2. (B) Let n

th

term be – 81.

∴ 21 + (n – 1)(– 3) = – 81

⇒ 24 – 3n = – 81

⇒ n = 35.

3. (C) a

18

– a

13

= a + 17d – a – 12d = 5d

= 5 × 5 = 25.

4. The given A.P. is 17, 14, ......, – 34, – 37, – 40.

5

th

term from the end= – 40 + (5 – 1) × 3

= – 40 + 12 = – 28.

5. 178

Hint: Let the first term be a and the common

difference be d.

a + 10d = 38 and a + 15d = 73.

OR

The given A.P. is 8 , 18, 32, ......

or

2 2

,

3 2

,

4 2

, .........

Here d =

3 2

– 2 2 = 2

Hence, the next two terms will be 4 2 + 2

and 4 2 + 2 2 or 5 2 and 6 2 .

6. As 3k + 4, 7k + 1, 12k − 5 are in A.P.

⇒ 2 × (7k + 1) = 3k + 4 + 12k − 5

⇒ 14k + 2 = 15k − 1

⇒ 2 + 1 = 15k − 14k

⇒ 3 = k

Thus, value of k = 3.

7. n = 4 or 13

Hint: Use

( ) ¦ ¦

S 2 1

2

n

n

a n d + − ×

.

8. Let the first term and the common difference

be a and d respectively.

Second term = 14

⇒ a + (2 – 1) × d = 14 [∵ a

n

= a + (n – 1)d]

⇒ a + d = 14 ...(i)

165 T I R A M H I T E G O R P E R S S C I N O S

Third term = 18

⇒ a + (3 – 1)d = 18

⇒ a + 2d = 18 ...(ii)

Solving equations (i) and (ii), we obtain

d = 4 and a = 10.

Sum of first 51 terms

S

51

=

51

2

[2a + (51 – 1)d]

[ ]

¦ ¦

S = 2 ( –1)

2

n

n

a n d +

=

51

2

[2 × 10 + 50 × 4]

=

51

2

× 220 = 5610.

9. The sequence of all months' savings (in rupees)

is 320, 360, 400, .......

Let S

n

= 20000

⇒ 20000 =

( ) ¦ ¦

2 1

2

n

a n d + − ×

Using a = 320

d = 40,

we get

20000 =

( ) ¦ ¦

640 1 40

2

n

n + − ×

⇒ 40000 = ¦ ¦ 40 600 n n +

⇒ 40n

2

+ 600n − 40000 = 0

⇒ 4n

2

+ 60n − 4000 = 0

⇒ n

2

+ 15n − 1000 = 0

⇒ n

2

+ 40n − 25n − 1000 = 0

⇒ n(n + 40) − 25(n + 40) = 0

⇒ n = 25 or − 40 (Reject)

.

.

. n = 25 months.

WORKSHEET– 27

1. (D) 5a

5

= 10a

10

⇒ 5(a + 4d) = 10(a + 9d)

⇒ 5a = – 70d ⇒ a = – 14d

Nowa

15

= – 14d + 14d = 0.

2. (B) a

n

= 505 ⇒ a + (n – 1) × d = 505

⇒ 1 + 7n – 7 = 505

⇒ n =

511

7

= 73

∴ Middle term is

th

1

2

n +

¸ _

¸ ,

= 37

th

∴ a

37

= 1 + 36 × 7 = 253.

3. (A) 2 (p +10) = 2p + 3p + 2

⇒ 2p + 20 = 5p + 2

⇒ 18 = 3p

⇒ p = 6.

4. a

4

=

1

9

2

=

19

2

⇒ a + 3d =

19

2

⇒ 5 + 3d =

19

2

⇒ d =

3

2

∴ First box =

1

6

2

=

13

2

Second box = 8.

5. 15

th

term from end of – 10, – 20, – 30, ............,

– 980, – 990, – 1000

= 15

th

term of – 1000, – 990, – 980, .............,

– 20, – 10

= –1000 + (15 – 1) × (– 990 + 1000)

= –1000 + 140 = – 860.

6. 6n – 1

Hint: Use

a

n

= S

n

− S

n–1

7. Hint: Use S

20

= S

30

and show that S

50

= 0.

8. A.P.: 63, 65, 67, ...........

a = 63, d = 65 – 63 = 2

∴ n

th

term of 63, 65, 67,.....

= a + (n – 1) × d = 63 + (n – 1) × 2 ... (i)

A.P.: 3, 10, 17,.........

a′ = 3, d′ = 10 – 3 = 7

∴ n

th

term of 3, 10, 17,.......

= a′ + (n – 1)d′ = 3 + (n – 1) × 7 ... (ii)

166 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

According to the question,

63 + (n – 1) × 2 = 3 + (n – 1) × 7

[Using (i) and (ii)]

⇒ 2n – 2 – 7n + 7 = 3 – 63

⇒ – 5n + 5 = – 60

⇒ – 5n = – 65 ⇒ n = 13.

9. The sequence of savings (in rupees) is

4, 5.75, 7.5, ........, 19.75

Here, a = 4

d = 1.75

a

n

= 19.75

⇒ a + (n − 1) × d = 19.75

⇒ 4 + (n − 1) × (1.75) = 19.75

⇒ 4 + 1.75n − 1.75 = 19.75

⇒ 1.75n = 19.75 − 2.25

⇒ 1.75n = 17.50

⇒ n = 10

.

.

. In 10

th

week her saving will be ` 19.75.

OR

Let first term be a and common difference

be d.

According to question,

a

4

+ a

8

= 24

⇒ a + 3d + a + 7d = 24

a + 5d = 12 ... (i)

and a

6

+ a

10

= 44

⇒ a + 5d + a + 9d = 44

a + 7d = 22 ... (ii)

Subtracting (i) from (ii), we get

2d = 10

∴ d = 5

Putting d = 5 in (i), we get

a = –13

∴ First three terms of this A.P. will be – 13,

– 8, – 3.

WORKSHEET– 28

1. (B)

3 2 – 7

2

a a +

= a + 4

⇒ 5a – 7 = 2a + 8

⇒ 3a = 15

⇒ a = 5.

2. (A) We need to obtain the sum:

1 + 3 + 5 +............+ 49

a

n

= a + (n – 1)d ⇒ 49 = 1 + (n – 1) × 2

⇒ n = 25

∴ S

n

=

2

n

(a + a

n

) =

25

2

× (1 + 49) = 625.

3. (D) a

n

= a + (n – 1) × d

⇒ 50 = 5 + (n – 1) × 3

⇒ n – 1 =

50 – 5

3

⇒ n = 16.

4. Let missing terms be x and y such that 2, x,

26, y are in A.P.

Common difference = x – 2 = 26 – x = y – 26

∴ x =

28

2

= 14 and

y = 26 + 26 – 14 = 38.

5. a

9

= –10 ⇒ a + 8d = – 10

⇒ a + 8 ×

5

4

= –10 ⇒ a = – 20

Now, a

27

= a + 26d = –20 + 26

¸ _

¸ ,

5

4

= – 20 +

65

2

=

25

2

=

1

12

2

.

6. 5, 7, 9

Hint: Let the three numbers be

a − d, a, a + d.

7. The sequence of such numbers is:

101, 108, 115, .............., 997

∴ a

n

= 997 ⇒ 101 + (n − 1) × 7 = 997

⇒ n = 129 ∴ S

129

= ¦ ¦

129

101 997

2

+

= 129 × 549 = 70821.

8. S

24

= 672

Hint: a

1

= 5,

a

2

= 7,

.

.

. d= 2

.

.

. S

24

= 12(10 + 46) = 672.

9. ` 40, ` 60, ` 80, ` 100

Hint: Let the prizes (in `) be x, x + 20,

x + 40, and x + 60.

167 T I R A M H I T E G O R P E R S S C I N O S

OR

According to the given question, we have

a = 8 ...(i)

a

n

= 33 ⇒ a + (n – 1)d = 33 ...(ii)

S

n

= 123 ⇒

2

n

(a + a

n

) = 123 ...(iii)

Substituting the value of a from equation (i),

and that of a

n

from equation (ii) in equation

(iii), we get

2

n

(8 + 33) = 123 ⇒ n =

× 123 2

41

⇒ n = 6

Substituting a = 8 and n = 6 in equation (ii),

we get

8 + (6 – 1) × d = 33 ⇒ d =

33 – 8

5

⇒ d = 5

Thus, n = 6 and d = 5.

WORKSHEET– 29

1. (A) Hint: 12, 16, 20,...., 248

.

.

. 248 = 12 + (n – 1)4

⇒

236

4

= n – 1

⇒ n= 60.

2. (B) S

n

= 90 ⇒ 90 = ( ) ¦ ¦

4 1 8

2

n

n + − ×

⇒ 180 = n (8n − 4)

⇒ 2n

2

− n − 45 = 0

⇒(2n + 9) (n − 5) = 0

⇒ n = 5

∴ a

n

= a

5

= a + 4 × d = 2 + 4 × 8 = 34.

3. (C) a

n

=

n

a′

⇒ 63 + (n − 1) × 2 = 3 + (n − 1) × 7

⇒ 2n + 61 = 7n − 4

⇒ 5n = 65

⇒ n = 13.

4. Common difference = 2p – 1 – p

= 7 – (2p – 1)

∴ 2p – p + 2p = 7 + 1 + 1

⇒ 3p = 9 ⇒ p = 3.

5. a = 103; d = 101 − 103 = −2

.

.

. a

n

= 49

⇒ 103 + (n − 1) × ( −2) = 49

⇒ − 2n = 49 − 105

⇒ n = 28

S =

28

2

{103 + 49)

= 14 × 152 = 2128.

6. –1, 4, 740

Hint: a

3

= 7

a

7

= 3 × a

3

+ 2.

7. Let the first term be a and the common

difference be d.

∵ S

n

=

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d] ∴ 42 =

6

2

[2a + 5d]

⇒ 2a + 5d = 14 ...(i)

∵ a

n

= a + (n – 1)d ∴

+

+

9

29

a d

a d

=

1

3

⇒3a + 27d = a + 29d ⇒ 2a – 2d = 0 ⇒ a = d

Substituting a = d in equation (i), we have

d = 2 and so a = 2

Now, a

18

= 2 + 17d = 2 + 17 × 2 = 36.

Hence the first term is 2 and 18

th

term is 36.

8. Hint: ma

m

= na

n

⇒ m{a + (m – 1)d} = n{a + (n – 1)d}

⇒ m{a + (m – 1)d} – n{a + (n – 1) d} = 0

⇒ a(m – n) + {m(m – 1) – n(n – 1)} d = 0

⇒ a(m – n) + {(m

2

– n

2

) – (m – n} d = 0

⇒ a(m – n) + {(m – n) (m + n – 1) d = 0

⇒ a + (m + n – 1) d = 0 {

.

.

.

m ≠ n}

⇒ a

m + n

= 0.

9. The penalty (in `) is in A.P. as follows:

200, 250, 300, ........... 30 terms

So, the contractor has to pay the penalty

(in `) as the sum of the following series:

200 + 250 + 300 + ............30 terms

Here, a = 200, d = 250 – 200 = 50, n = 30

∴ Sum =

2

n

[ 2a + (n – 1)d]

=

30

2

[ 2 × 200 + 29 × 50]

= 15(400 + 1450) = 27750

Hence, the required penalty is ` 27750.

168 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

WORKSHEET–30

1. (B)

Hint: The sequence is:

3, 9, 15, ......., 99.

Use: S

n

= ¦ ¦

2

n

a l + .

2. (A) a

n

= S

n

– S

n–1

= (2n

2

+ 5n) – [2(n – 1)

2

+ 5(n – 1)]

= 2n

2

+ 5n – 2(n

2

+ 1 – 2n) – 5n + 5

= 2n

2

+ 5n – 2n

2

– 2 + 4n – 5n + 5

= 4n + 3.

3. Here, –

5

6

– (–1), i.e.

1

6

and –

2

3

–

¸ _

¸ ,

5

–

6

,

i.e.,

1

6

are equal. So, the given sequence is

in A.P. with common difference

1

6

.

Therefore, the next three terms will be

2 1 2 1

– + , – + 2 ×

3 6 3 6

and + ×

2 1

– 3

3 6

These are

1 1 1

– , – and –

2 3 6

.

4. ∵ 8x + 4, 6x – 2 and 2x + 7 are in A.P.

∴ 6x – 2 – (8x + 4) = 2x + 7 – (6x – 2)

⇒ – 2x – 6 = – 4x + 9

⇒ 2x = 15

⇒ x =

15

2

.

5. 3, 9, 15

Hint: Let the three numbers be

a − d, a, a + d.

OR

a

17

= a

10

+ 7

⇒ a + 16d = a + 9d + 7

⇒ 7d = 7

⇒ d = 1.

6. 30

Hint: Let S

n

< 0.

7.

1 5

,

2 2

−

Hint: a

4

+ a

8

= 24

⇒ 2a + 10d = 24 ...(i)

and a

6

+ a

10

= 34

⇒ 2a + 14d = 34 ...(ii)

Solve (i) and (ii).

8. Let the first term be a and the common

difference be d.

a

3

= 7

⇒ a + 2d = 7 ...(i)

∵ a

7

= 3a

3

+ 2

⇒ a + 6d = 3 × 7 + 2

a + 6d = 23 ...(ii)

Using equations (i) and (ii), we get

4d = 16 ⇒ d = 4 ...(iii)

Substituting d = 4 in (i), we have

a + 2 × 4 = 7 ⇒ a = – 1 ...(iv)

Now, using the formula of sum of n terms:

S

n

=

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d]

∴ S

20

=

20

2

[2 × (– 1) + (20 – 1) × 4]

= 10(– 2 + 76) [Using (iii) and (iv)]

= 740.

9.

S

S

n

n

′

=

2 3

3 2

n

n

+

+

⇒

( )

( )

2 1

2 1

a n d

a n d

+ − ×

′ ′ + − ×

=

2 3

3 2

n

n

+

+

⇒

1

2

1

2

n

a d

n

a d

−

¸ _

+ ×

¸ ,

−

¸ _

′ ′ + ×

¸ ,

=

2 3

3 2

n

n

+

+

...(i)

.

.

. To obtain

7

7

a

a′

, i.e.,

6

6

a d

a d

+

′ ′ +

replace

1

2

n −

by 6 i.e. n by 13

169 T I R A M H I T E G O R P E R S S C I N O S

We get from (i),

6

6

a d

a d

+

′ ′ +

=

( )

( )

2 3 13

3 2 13

+

+

⇒

7

7

a

a′

=

41

29

Thus, the ratio of 7

th

terms is 41 : 29.

WORKSHEET– 31

1. (C) a

1

= x; a

2

= y; l = 2x

∴ d = y – x

∴ 2x = x + (n – 1)

.

(y – x)

⇒

x

y x −

= n – 1

n =

–

x y x

y x

+ −

=

–

y

y x

∴ S

n

= ( )

1

× +2

2

y

x x

y x −

=

3

2( )

xy

y x −

.

2. (B) 10

th

term from end of 4, 9,....., 244, 249,

254

= 10

th

term from begining of 254, 249, 244,

...., 9, 4.

= 254 + 9 × (–5) = 254 – 45 = 209.

3. (D) 105, 112, 119, ........., 994

a

n

= a + (n – 1)d

⇒ 994 = 105 + (n – 1) × 7

⇒ 994 = 105 + 7n – 7

⇒ 994 = 98 + 7n

∴ n =

994– 98

7

= 128.

4. S

n

=

2

n

(a + l) ⇒ 144 =

9

2

(a + 28)

⇒ a + 28 = 32 ⇒ a = 4.

5. Yes,

Hint: a

30

– a

20

= a + 29d – a – 19d

= 10d = – 40.

6. Let the first term and common difference of

first A.P. be A and D respectively and that

of the second A.P. be a and d respectively.

[ ]

[ ]

+

+

2A ( – 1) D

2

2 ( – 1)

2

n

n

n

a n d

=

+

+

7 1

4 27

n

n

⇒

+

+

2A ( –1)D

2 ( –1)

n

a n d

=

+

+

7 1

4 27

n

n

⇒

¸ _

¸ ,

¸ _

¸ ,

– 1

A + D

2

– 1

+

2

n

n

a d

=

+

+

7 1

4 27

n

n

To prepare the 5

th

term in numerator and

denominator of LHS of this last equation,

we should put

– 1

2

n

= 4, i.e. n = 9.

Therefore,

A + 4D

+ 4 a d

=

+ 7 × 9 1

4 × 9 + 27

⇒

5

5

A

a

=

64

63

Hence, the required ratio is 64 : 63.

7. Hint: Use a′

+ (p – 1)d= a

a′

+ (q – 1)d= b

a′

+ (r – 1)d= c.

OR

Let the first term be a and the common

difference be d.

Now, a

19

= 3 × a

6

⇒ a +

18d = 3 (a + 5d)

2a = 3d ...(i)

Also, a

9

= 19 ⇒ a +

8d = 19 ...(ii)

From equations (i) and (ii),

3

2

d + 8d = 19 ⇒ 19d = 38

⇒ d = 2 and so a = 3.

[From equation (i)]

Hence the A.P. is a, a + d, a + 2d, ..........

i.e., 3, 5, 7, .........

8. As given numbers are in A.P.

.

.

. 2 × [2k

2

+ 3k + 6] = 4k + 8 + 3k

2

+ 4k + 4

⇒ 4k

2

+ 6k + 12 = 3k

2

+ 8k + 12

⇒ k

2

− 2k = 0 ⇒ k (k − 2) = 0

⇒ k = 0 or k = 2.

9. ` 7250

Hint: The sequence is 125, 150, 175, .....

Here, a = 125, d = 25, n = 20

Use S

n

=

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d].

170 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

WORKSHEET– 32

1. (A) S

n

= 3n

2

− n

Put n = 1 ∴ S

1

= a

1

= 2

Put n = 2 ∴ S

2

= a

1

+ a

2

= 10

⇒ a

2

= 8

∴ d = a

2

− a

1

= 6.

2. (B)

Hint: a + 2d = 4

a + 8d = –8

– – +

– 6d = 12

d = –2

a = 8

a

10

= a + 9d

= 8 – 18 = –10.

3. (D)

Hint: a

n

= S

n

− S

n−1.

4. Let the n

th

term be – 44.

∴ a

n

= – 44

⇒ a +(n – 1)d = – 44

⇒ 40 + (n – 1)(– 4) = – 44

⇒ (n – 1) = 21

⇒ n = 22.

5. – 8930

Hint: a = −5; d = −8 −(−5) = −3.

a

n

= −230. Find n.

Then use S

n

= ¦ ¦

2

n

a l +

.

6. n

th

term is a

n

= 5n – 3

Substituting n = n – 1, we have

(n – 1)

th

term is a

n–1

= 5 (n – 1) –3 = 5n – 8

∴Common difference is d = a

n

– a

n – 1

= 5n – 3 – 5n + 8

= 5

Substitute n = 1 in a

n

= 5n – 3 to get first

term

a

1

= 5 × 1 – 3 ⇒ a

1

= 2

Now, using

S

n

=

2

n

[ 2a

1

+ (n – 1)d]

The sum of first 20 terms is

S

20

=

20

2

[2 × 2 + (20 – 1) × 5] = 10 × 99

= 990.

7. Let the same common difference be d.

30

th

term of one A.P. = 3 + (30 – 1) × d

= 3 + 29d ...(i)

30

th

term of other A.P. = 8 + (30 – 1)d

= 8 + 29d ...(ii)

Now, the required difference

= (8 + 29d) – (3 + 29d)

[Using equations (i) and (ii)]

= 8 + 29d – 3 – 29d = 5.

8. Hint:

( ) ¦ ¦

2 1

2

p

a p d ′ + − = a

( ) ¦ ¦

2 1

2

q

a q d ′ + − = b

( ) ¦ ¦ 2 1

2

r

a r d ′ + −

= c

OR

Let the first term and the common difference

of the given A.P. be a and d respectively.

5

th

term= 0 ⇒ a + 4d = 0

⇒ a = – 4d ...(i)

23

rd

term: a

23

= a + 22d

⇒ a

23

= – 4d + 22d

[From equation (i)]

⇒ a

23

= 18d ...(ii)

11

th

term: a

11

= a + 10d

⇒ a

11

= – 4d + 10d

[From equation (i)]

⇒ a

11

= 6d ⇒ a

11

= 6 ×

23

18

a

[From equation (ii)]

⇒ a

23

= 3a

11

⇒ 23

rd

term= 3 × 11

th

term

Hence proved.

9. Let the digits of the number be a – d, a and

a + d such the required number is

100(a – d) + 10a + a + d as the digits are in

A.P.

171 T I R A M H I T E G O R P E R S S C I N O S

So, the required number = 111a – 99d ...(i)

Sum of the digits = 15

⇒ a – d + a + a + d = 15

⇒ a = 5 ...(ii)

The number obtained by reversing the digits

= 100(a + d) + 10a + a – d

= 111a + 99d ...(iii)

According the given condition, we have

111a – 99d = 594 + 111a + 99d

[Using equation (i) and (iii)]

⇒ –2 × 99d = 594

⇒ d = –3 ...(iv)

Using equations (i), (ii) and (iv), we arrive

that the original number is

111 × 5 – 99 × (–3), that is 852.

OR

16 rows, 5 logs are placed in top row.

Hint: Put S

n

= 200, a = 20, d = –1

in formula S

n

=

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d]

So 41n – n

2

= 400

⇒ n = 16, 25

.

.

. n = 25 not possible

because if n = 25 then the number of logs in

top row

= – 4

.

.

. n = 16 and a

16

= 5.

WORKSHEET– 33

1. (A) a = 10, d = 7 – 10 = – 3

a

30

= a + 29d = 10 + 29(–3) = – 77.

2. (C) x + 10 – 2x = 3x + 2 – (x + 10)

⇒ x – 2x – 3x + x = 2 – 10 – 10

⇒ x =

18

3

= 6.

3. (C) a

n

= 2n + 1 ∴ a

1

= 2 × 1 + 1 = 3

Now, S

n

=

2

n

(a

1

+ a

n

) =

2

n

(3 + 2n +1)

= n(n + 2)

4. No.

Let a

n

= 68

⇒ a + (n − 1) × d = 68

⇒ 7 + (n − 1) × 3 = 68

⇒ 3n = 64

⇒ n =

64

3

which is not a whole number so a

n

= 68 not

possible.

5. General term is a

n

= (– 1)

n

3

n + 1

Substituting n = 1, 2, 3, 4 successively we get

a

1

= (–1) 3

2

= – 9, a

2

= (–1)

2

3

3

= 27

a

3

= (–1)

3

3

4

= – 81, a

4

= (–1)

4

3

5

= 243.

Therefore, first four terms are – 9, 27, – 81,

243.

6. The sequence is 23, 21, 19, ............, 5

∴ a = 23

d = 21 − (23)

= −2

∴ a

n

= 5

⇒ a + (n − 1) × d = 5

⇒ 23 + (n − 1) × (− 2) = 5

⇒ 23 − 2n + 2 = 5

⇒ − 2n = − 20

⇒ n = 10.

Hence, number of rows is 10.

7. In the series (–5) + (– 8) + (–11) + .....+ (– 230),

a = –5, d = – 8 – (–5) = – 3.

Let the number of terms be n, then

–230 = –5 + (n – 1) (–3)

[∵ a

n

= a + (n – 1)d]

⇒ n – 1 =

– 225

– 3

⇒ n = 76

Now, sum of first n terms is given by

S

n

=

2

n

(a + a

n

)

=

76

2

(–5 – 230) (∵ a

n

= – 230)

= – 38 × 235 = – 8930.

8. n

2

Hint: S

7

= 49

S

17

= 289

Find a and d and then

find S

n

=

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d].

172 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

9. To pick up the first potato, distance run

= 2(5) m

To pick up the second potato, distance run

= 2(5 + 3) = 2 (8) m

To pick up the third potato, distance run

= 2(8 + 3) = 2 (11) m

.........................................................................

.........................................................................

∴ Sequence of the distance run is:

2 (5), 2 (8), 2 (11), ............, till 10 terms.

∴ Total distance covered

= 2 [5 + 8 + 11 + ........ + 10 terms]

= ( ) ( ) ( ) ¦ ¦

10

2 2 5 10 1 3

2

1

+ −

1

¸ ]

= ( ) 2 5 37 1

¸ ]

= 10 × 37

= 370m.

WORKSHEET– 34

1. (A) 2 × (6x – 2) = 8x + 4 + 2x + 7

⇒ 12x – 4 = 10x + 11 ⇒ x =

15

2

.

2. (B) S

n

= 1 + 3 + 5 + ......... (n terms)

∴ a = 1, d = 2

∴ S

n

=

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d]

⇒ S

n

=

2

n

[2 + (n – 1) × 2] = n

2

.

3. (D) a

n

= S

n

− S

n−1

= n

2

+ 2n − (n − 1)

2

− 2(n − 1)

= n

2

+ 2n − n

2

− 1 + 2n − 2n + 2

= 2n + 1.

4. Let the common difference and the first term

be d and a respectively.

Now, a

18

– a

14

= 32

⇒ a + 17d – a –13d = 32

⇒ 4d = 32

⇒ d = 8.

5. a

n

= S

n

− S

n−1

=

( )

( )

2

2

3 1

3 13 13

1

2 2 2 2

n

n

n n

¹ ¹

−

¹ ¹

+ − + −

, ,

¹ ¹

¹ ¹

=

( )

¹ ¹

+ − + − + −

, ,

¹ ¹

2

2

3 13 3 13 13

1 2

2 2 2 2 2

n

n n n n

= + − − + − +

2

2

3 13 3 3 13 13

3

2 2 2 2 2 2

n

n n n n .

= 3n + 5

∴ ∴∴ ∴∴ a

25

= 3 × 25 + 5 = 80.

6. Hint: Let a = first term

and d = common difference

a

m

=

1

n

⇒ a + (m – 1)d=

1

n

a

n

=

1

m

⇒ a + (n – 1)d=

1

m

Solving d =

1

mn

and a =

1

mn

∴ S

mn

= ( ) ¦ ¦ 2 1

2

mn

a mn d + −

= ( )

1

1

2

mn+ .

7. Let a

3

= x; a

7

= y

∴x + y = 6

x y = 8

⇒ x

2

– 6x + 8 = 0

⇒ (x – 4) (x – 2) = 0

⇒ x = 4 or x = 2

⇒ x = 4, y = 2; x = 2, y = 4

⇒ a

3

= 4 and a

7

= 2

⇒ a = 5; d = –

1

2

¹

,

¹

⇒ S

16

= 20

and a

3

= 2 and a

7

= 4

⇒ a = 1; d =

1

2

¹

,

¹

⇒ S

16

= 76.

8. (i) 12 (ii) 62

Hint: (i) S

n

= 636.

(ii) Let a

n

= a

51

+ 132.

173 T I R A M H I T E G O R P E R S S C I N O S

9. l

1

= Length of 1

st

semicircle = πr

= π (0.5)

l

2

= Length of 2

nd

semicircle = π (1)

l

3

= Length of 3

rd

semicircle = π (1.5)

l

4

= Length of 4

th

semicircle = π (2)

..............................................................

..............................................................

∴Sequence is:

π (0.5), π (1), π (1.5), π (2), ......... till 13

th

term

We will find

S

13

= π [0.5 + 1 + 1.5 + 2 +....... + 13

th

term]

= π

( ) ( ) ( ) ¦ ¦

13

2 0.5 13 1 0.5

2

1

+ − ×

1

¸ ]

= ( )

13

7

2

π =

13 22

7

2 7

× ×

= 143 cm.

WORKSHEET– 35

1. (A)

Hint: a + 6d = 34

and a + 12d = 64

⇒ a = 4, d = 5.

2. (C)

Hint: d = 8 2 − = 2 2 2 − =

2

.

a =

2

Use S

n

=

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d].

3. (D) ∵ 21 is an odd number ∴ a

21

= 1

∴ 40 is an even number ∴ a

40

= –1

4. Let n

th

term be 181

a = 5, d = 8, a

n

= 181

Now, 5 + (n – 1) × 8 = 181

⇒ n – 1 =

176

8

⇒ n = 23.

5. 28

th

term

Hint: Let a

n

< 0

∴

83 3

– 0

4 4

n

<

⇒ 83 – 3n < 0

⇒ 3n > 83

⇒

2

27

3

n >

⇒ n = 28.

6. Hint: Use

2

2

S

S

m

n

m

n

.

7. 6 or 12

Hint: Let S

n

= 72

⇒

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d] = 72.

8. n = 9; angle = 32°.

Hint: Sum of all angles = 360°.

9. Volume of concrete required to build the

1

st

step =

3

1 1

50 m

4 2

× ×

Volume of concrete required for

2

nd

step =

3

2 1

50 m

4 2

¸ _

× ×

¸ ,

Volume of concrete required for

3

rd

step =

3

3 1

50 m

4 2

¸ _

× ×

¸ ,

..............................................................

..............................................................

Volume of concrete required for 15

th

step.

=

3

15 1

50 m

4 2

× ×

∴ Total volume of concrete required:

S

15

=

50

8

[ 1 + 2 + 3 + ............ + 15]

= ( ) ¦ ¦

25 15

1 15

4 2 2

n

n

S a l

1

× × + +

1

¸ ]

∵

=

25 15 16

8

× ×

= 750 m

3

.

WORKSHEET– 36

1. (A)

Hint: Use: S

n

=

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d].

174 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

2. (B)

Hint: Use: a

n

= a + (n – 1)d.

3. (B)

Hint: Common difference = – 2 – 1 or – 5 + 2,

i.e., – 3.

4. 10n – 2

Hint: a

n

= S

n

– S

n–1

= 5n

2

+ 3n – 5 (n – 1)

2

– 3 (n – 1)

= 5n

2

+ 3n – 5 (n

2

+ 1 – 2n) – 3n + 3

= 5n

2

+ 3n – 5n

2

– 5 + 10n – 3n + 3

a

n

= 10n – 2.

5. a = 2

S

5

=

( )

10 5

1

S – S

4

⇒

¦ ¦ +

5

4 4

2

d =

( ) ( )

1

× + − +

1

¸ ]

1 5

5 4 9 4 4

4 2

d d

⇒ ¦ ¦

5

4 1

2

d × +

=

5

4 9 2 2

4

d d + − − 1

¸ ]

⇒ 8 + 8d = 4 + 9d − 2 − 2d

⇒ d = −6

∴ S

30

= 15 {4 + 29 (−6)}

= 15 × (−170) = − 2550.

6. Hint: S

1

=

( ) ¦ ¦

2 1

2

n

a n d + −

S

2

=

( ) ¦ ¦

2

2 2 1

2

n

a n d + −

S

3

= ( ) ¦ ¦

3

2 3 1

2

n

a n d + −

Calculate 3(S

2

– S

1

).

7. 900

Hint: S

24

= 12(a

1

+ a

24

)

Also note:

a

5

+ a

20

= a

1

+ a

24

a

10

+ a

15

= a

1

+ a

24

Hence given relation gives:

3(a

1

+ a

24

) = 225

a

1

+ a

24

= 75

∴ S

24

= 900.

8. 7, 8, 9

Hint: Let the three numbers be:

a − d, a, a + d.

9. We have

1 1

n n

n n

a b

a b

− −

+

+

=

2

a b +

⇒ 2a

n

+ 2b

n

= a

n

+ ab

n–1

+ ba

n–1

+ b

n

⇒ a

n

+ b

n

– ab

n–1

– ba

n–1

= 0

⇒ a

n–1

(a – b)

– b

n–1

(a – b) = 0

⇒ (a – b) (a

n–1

– b

n–1

) = 0

⇒ a = b or

1 n

a

b

−

¸ _

¸ ,

= 1

Taking

1 n

a

b

−

¸ _

¸ ,

= 1

⇒

1 n

a

b

−

¸ _

¸ ,

=

0

a

b

¸ _

¸ ,

⇒ n – 1 = 0

.

.

. n = 1.

OR

a

n

= x

⇒ a + (n − 1) × d = x

⇒ 1 + (n − 1) × 3 = x

⇒ 3n − 2 = x ...(i)

∴ S = ( )

2

n

a l +

590 = ( ) 1

2

n

x +

1180 = n(1 + 3n − 2)

1180 = 3n

2

− n

⇒ 3n

2

− n − 1180 = 0

⇒ 3n

2

− 60n + 59n − 1180 = 0

⇒ 3n(n − 20) + 59 (n − 20) = 0

⇒ n =

59

3

−

(Reject) or n = 20

∴ From (i) ⇒ x = 3 × 20 − 2

x = 60 − 2 ⇒ x = 58.

WORKSHEET– 37

1. (C) Let x = n

th

term

∴ x = 2 + (n – 1) 3 ⇒ x = 3n – 1

∴ S

n

= ¦ ¦ 2

2

n

x + ⇒155 = ¦ ¦ + − 2 3 1

2

n

n

⇒ 310 = 3n

2

+ n ⇒ 3n

2

+ n – 310 = 0

⇒ n(3n+31) – 10 (3n + 31) = 0 ⇒ n = 10

.

.

. x = 29.

175 T I R A M H I T E G O R P E R S S C I N O S

2. (A)

Hint: Use a

n

= a + (n − 1)

.

d.

3. 19668

Hint: The sequence is:

103, 119, 135, ......., 791.

4. n = 6

Hint: Let a = 3, b = 17

∴ a, x

1

, x

2

, ..........., x

n

, b are in A.P.

∴ d =

1

b a

n

−

+

=

14

1 n +

∴ x

1

= a + d = 3 +

14

1 n +

=

3 17

1

n

n

+

+

...(i)

x

n

= a + nd = 3 +

14

1

n

n +

=

17 3

1

n

n

+

+

...(ii)

1

n

x

x

=

1

3

⇒ 3x

1

= x

n

∴ Using (i) and (ii), we get

n = 6.

5. Hint: S

1

=

2

n

(n + 1); a = 1, d = 1

S

2

= n

2

; a = 1, d = 2

S

3

=

2

n

(3n – 1); a = 1, d = 3

∴S

1

+ S

3

=

( ) ( )

1 3 1

2 2

n n

n n + + −

S

1

+ S

3

= 2n

2

∴S

1

+ S

3

= 2S

2

.

6. Let a

1

= a and common difference = d.

Now, a

1

+ a

7

+ a

10

+ a

21

+ a

24

+ a

30

= 540

a + a + 6d + a + 9d + a + 20d + a + 23d + a + 29d

= 540

⇒ 6a + 87d = 540

⇒ 2a + 29d = 180 ...(i)

Further, the required sum

S

30

=

30

2

(a

1

+ a

30

) = 15(a + a + 29d)

= 15(2a + 29d)

= 15 × 180 [Using equation (i)]

= 2700.

7. Hint: Let the first term and the common

difference be a and d respectively.

a

9

= 0 ⇒ a + 8d = 0 ⇒ a = – 8d

a

29

= a + 28d = – 8d + 28d = 20d

a

19

= a + 18d = – 8d + 18d = 10d.

8. 2, 6, 10, 14.

Hint: Let the four parts be:

a − 3d, a − d, a + d, a + 3d.

OR

The sequence is: 150, 146, 142, ..........

∴ Total number of workers who worked

all the n days

= 150 + 146 + ....... + n terms.

∴ = n(152 − 2n)

Now had the workers not dropped then

the work would have finished in (n − 8)

days with 150 workers working on each

day.

∴ Total number of workers who would

have worked all the n days is 150(n −8).

∴ n(152 − 2n) = 150(n − 8)

⇒ n

2

− n – 600 = 0

⇒ (n − 25) (n + 24) = 0

⇒ n = 25 or n = –24 (Reject)

∴ n = 25.

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 3

1. (B) a

n

= a + (n – 1)d

⇒ 210 = 21 + (n – 1) × 21

⇒ n – 1 =

210 – 21

21

⇒ n = 10.

2. (A) a

18

– a

14

= 32 ⇒ a + 17d – (a + 13d) = 32

⇒ d =

32

4

⇒ d = 8.

3. S

n

= 2n

2

+ 5n

⇒ S

n–1

= 2(n – 1)

2

+ 5(n – 1)

= 2(n

2

+ 1 – 2n) + 5n – 5

= 2n

2

+ n – 3

176 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

n

th

term= S

n

– S

n – 1

= 2n

2

+ 5n – (2n

2

+ n – 3)

= 4n + 3.

4. False, because n

th

term of an A.P. is always

a linear polynomial in n.

5. First term of the A.P. = a =

4

–

3

Common difference of the A.P. = d

= – 1 –

¸ _

¸ ,

4

–

3

=

1

3

Let the A.P. consists n terms.

∴ n

th

term =

1

4

3

=

13

3

...(i)

But n

th

term is given by

a

n

= a + (n – 1)d

=

4

–

3

+ (n – 1)

1

3

=

3

n

–

5

3

...(ii)

From equations (i) and (ii), we get

3

n

–

5

3

=

13

3

⇒ n = 18

Since n = 18 is even number so, the middle

most terms will be

th

18

2

¸ _

¸ ,

and

th

18

1

2

¸ _

+

¸ ,

terms, i.e., 9

th

and 10

th

terms.

Now, a

9

= –

4

3

+ (9 – 1) ×

1

3

= –

4

3

+

8

3

=

4

3

And a

10

= –

4

3

+ (10 – 1)

1

3

= –

4

3

+

9

3

=

5

3

Therefore, the required sum

= a

9

+ a

10

=

4

3

+

5

3

=

9

3

= 3.

6. First term= a =

+

– x y

x y

Common difference = d =

+

3 – 2 x y

x y

–

+

– x y

x y

=

+

2 – x y

x y

Now, sum of n terms

=

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d]

=

2

n – 2 –

2 ( – 1)

x y x y

n

x y x y

1

× +

1

+ +

¸ ]

=

2 – 2 2 – – 2

2

x y nx ny x y n

x y

1 + +

1

+

¸ ]

=

2 – –

2

nx ny y n

x y

¸ _

+

¸ ,

=

( ) + 2

n

x y

{n(2x – y) – y}.

7. Let the first term and the common difference

of the given A.P. be a and d respectively.

According to the given condition,

11

18

a

a

=

10 2 2

3 17 3

a d

a d

+

⇒

+

[Using a

n

= a + (n – 1)d]

⇒ 3a + 30d = 2a + 34d

⇒ a = 4d

Now,

5

21

a

a

=

+

+

4

20

a d

a d

=

4 4

4 20

d d

d d

+

+

(Substituting a = 4d)

=

8 1

24 3

d

d

i.e., a

5

: a

21

= 1 : 3.

Now,

5

21

S

S

=

+ 1

¸ ]

+ 1

¸ ]

5

2 4

2

21

2 20

2

a d

a d

( ) ¦ ¦

Using S 2 – 1

2

n

n

a n d

1

+

1

¸ ]

177 T I R A M H I T E G O R P E R S S C I N O S

=

( )

( )

5 8 4

21 8 20

d d

d d

+

+

[Substituting a = 4d]

=

60

588

d

d

=

5

49

i.e., S

5

: S

21

= 5 : 49.

8. Distances covered by a girl during 1

st

minute, 2

nd

minute, 3

rd

minute,..... are

respectively 20 m, 18 m, 16 m,.......which

form an A.P. with first term (a) = 20 m and

common difference (d) = – 2 m.

(i) Distance covered in 10

th

minute

= 10

th

term of the A.P.

= a + (10 – 1)d = 20 + 9 × (– 2) = 20 – 18

= 2 m.

(ii) Distance covered in 10 minutes

= sum of first 10 terms

=

10

2

[2a + (10 – 1)d] = 5[2 × 20 + 9 (– 2)]

= 5 × 22 = 110 m.

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 4

1. (D) 2 + 4 + 6 +....... n terms

= k(1 + 3 + 5 +..... n terms)

⇒ 2(1 + 2 + 3 +........ n terms)

= k(1 + 3 + 5 + ...... n terms)

⇒ 2

+ ( 1)

2

n n

= k ×

2

n

× {2 + (n – 1) × 2}

⇒ n

2

+ n = kn

2

⇒ k =

1 n

n

+

.

2. (D) a + 8d = 449 and a + 448d = 9

⇒ a = 457; d = – 1

Further, 0 = 457 + (n – 1) (–1)

⇒ n = 458.

3. Let the A.P. has n terms. So, a

n

= 2a.

2a = a + (n – 1) × (b – a)

⇒ 2a = a + n(b – a) – b + a

⇒ n =

–

b

b a

S

n

=

( ) 2 –

b

b a

(a + 2a)

⇒ S

n

=

( )

3

2 –

ab

b a

.

4. Yes; the first term is ` 2000 of an A.P. and

the common difference is ` 200 which is

interest per year.

5. The integers between 100 and 200, which

are divisible by 9 are:

108, 117, 126,........, 198.

Which is an A.P. with first term(a) = 108

and common difference (d) = 9.

Let this A.P. has n terms n

th

term is given by

a

n

= a + (n – 1)d ⇒ 198 = 108 + (n – 1) × 9

⇒n – 1 =

198–108

9

⇒ n = 1 +

90

9

⇒ n = 11

Now,

S

n

=

2

n

(a + l), l being last term

S

11

=

11

2

(108 + 198) =

11

2

× 306

= 1683.

Required sum

= 101 + 102 +....+ 199 – S

11

=

99

2

(101 + 199) – 1683 = 14850 – 1683

= 13167.

6. We need to prove

(x + 2y – z) (2y + z – x) (z + x – y) = 4xyz

...(i)

If x, y, z are in A.P., then

y – x = z – y ⇒ y =

2

z x +

...(ii)

Let us take LHS of (i)

(x + 2y – z) (2y + z – x) (z + x – y)

= (x + z + x – z) (z + x + z – x)

–

2

z x

z x

+

¸ _

+

¸ ,

[Using (ii)]

= 2x × 2z ×

2

z x +

= 2xz(z + x)

= 2xz × 2y [Using (ii)]

= 4xyz = RHS. Hence proved.

178 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

7. Let first term= a,

Common difference = d

Sum of first n terms =

2

n

[2a + (n – 1)d]

Sum of first 20 terms = 400

⇒

20

2

[2a + (20 – 1)d] = 400

2a + 19d = 40 ...(i)

Sum of first 40 terms = 1600

40

2

[2a + (40 – 1)d] = 1600

2a + 39d = 80 ...(ii)

Subtracting equation (i) from equation (ii),

we get

20d = 40 ⇒ d = 2

Substituting d = 2 in equation (i), we get

2a + 38 = 40 ⇒ a = 1

Now,

sum of first 10 terms =

10

2

[2a + (10 – 1)d]

= 5(2 + 9 × 2)

= 100.

8. See Worksheet – 37, Sol. 8 (OR part).

CHAPTER TEST

1. (C) S

n

=

2

n

(a + a

n

) ⇒ 399 =

2

n

(1 + 20)

⇒ 21n = 2 × 399 ⇒ n = 38.

2. (B) a + d = 13 and a + 4d = 25

⇒ a = 9, d = 4

Now, a

7

= a + 6d = 9 + 24 = 33.

3. (A) ∵ a

p

=

3 –1

6

p

∴ a

n

=

3 – 1

6

n

and a

1

=

1

3

Now, S

n

=

2

n

¸ _

+

¸ ,

1 3 – 1

3 6

n

=

12

n

(3n + 1).

4. Let the n

th

term be required

a

9

= 449 ⇒ a + 8d = 449

a

449

= 9 ⇒ a + 448d = 9

So, a = 457 and d = – 1

Now, a

n

= 300 ⇒ 457 + (n – 1) (–1) = 300

⇒ (n – 1) = 157 ⇒ n = 158.

5. True, the reason is:

d = 14 – 8 = 6, a = 8

a

53

= a + 52d = 8 + 52 × 6 = 320

a

41

= a + 40d = 8 + 40 × 6 = 248

Now, a

53

– a

41

= 72.

6. The first two digit number divisible by 4 is

12 and the others are: 16, 20, 24,............., 96.

Now, we have to find the sum of the

following series:

12 + 16 + 20 +.............+ 96

Here, a = 12, d = 16 – 12 = 20 – 16 = 4

Let the number of terms in the series be n.

n

th

term is given by

a + (n – 1)d = 96

⇒ 12 + (n – 1) × 4 = 96

⇒ (n – 1) = 21

⇒ n = 22

Now, S

22

=

22

2

(12 + 96)

S ( )

2

n

n

a l

1

+

1

¸ ]

∵

= 11 × 108 = 1188.

7. Let the profit to be ceased at n

th

day.

Sale on first day = ` 8100

Sale on second day = ` (8100 – 150)

= ` 7950

So, the sale (in `) will be day by day as

follows:

8100, 7950, 7800,..........n terms

Here, a = 8100, d = –150

The profit will be ceased when it is equal

to or less than ` 1500.

Therefore, 8100 + (n – 1) × (– 150) ≤ 1500

[∵ a

n

= a + (n – 1)d]

⇒ 8100 – 150n + 150 ≤ 1500

⇒ 150n ≥ 6750 ⇒ n ≥ 45

Hence, the profit to be ceased at 45

th

day.

179 T I R A M H I T E G O R P E R S S C I N O S

8. If x, y and z are in A.P., then

y =

+

2

x z

...(i)

Now, in the given equation,

LHS = (x + 2y – z) (2y + z – x) (z + x – y)

= (x + x + z – z) (x + z + z – x) (2y – y)

[Using equation (i)]

= 2x × 2z × y

= 4xyz

= RHS. Hence proved.

9. Total number of rungs =

¸ _

+

¸ ,

2.5 m

1

25cm

=

250

25

+ 1 = 11

Length of the largest rung = 45 cm

Length of the shortest rung = 25 cm

Let the length of each rung decreases by

x cm from bottom to top.

So, lengths (in cm) of all rungs from

bottom to top are respectively

45, 45 – x, 45 – 2x, .......25.

This is an A.P. of 11 terms

∴ 45 + (11 – 1) × (– x) = 25

[Using a + (n – 1) d = a

n

]

⇒ – 10x = – 20 ⇒ x = 2 cm

So, the A.P. now becomes

45, 43, 41,........., 25

Now, required length of wood

= Sum of this A.P.

=

11

2

(45 + 25) =

11

2

× 70

= 385 cm

Hence, the required length of the wood is

3.85 m.

❑❑

180 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

3

Chapter

CIRCLES

6. See solved example 4.

7. AB = 13 cm, AC = 15 cm

Hint:

Use

ar(∆OBC + ∆OAC + ∆OAB)

= ar(∆ABC).

8. Hint: Join AB

Let OA= r ⇒ OP = 2r

In ∆OAP,

sinθ =

OA 1

OP 2 2

r

r

= =

θ = 30°

∴ ∠APB = 2 × 30° = 60°

In ∆ABP, AP = BP

∴ ∠A = ∠B

But, ∠A + ∠B = 180° – ∠APB = 120°

⇒ ∠A = ∠B = 60°

∴ ∆APB is an equilateral triangle.

WORKSHEET– 42

1. (B) As ∠OQP = 90º

∴ x = 90º – 30º = 60º.

2. (Α) ∠QOR = 180º – 30º = 150º

∠PRQ =

1

2

× 150º = 75º.

3. (C) BC = BP + PC

= BR + CQ

= 3 + [AC – AQ]

= 3 + [11 – 4]

= 10 cm.

WORKSHEET– 41

1. (B) Join OX.

In ∆XOY,

∠OXY= 90°,

∴ XY =

2 2

OY – OX

=

2 2

13 – 5

= 12 cm.

2. (D) OT

2

+ TQ

2

= OQ

2

⇒ OT

2

+ (24)

2

= (25)

2

⇒ OT

2

= 625 – 576 = 49

⇒ OT = 7 cm.

3. (B) As AB || PR

⇒ ∠BQR = ∠ABQ = 70°

(Alternate interiar angles)

Also ∠ABQ = ∠BAQ = 70°

{∵ ∆AMQ ≅ ∆BMQ}

∴ In ∆AQB, using Angle sum property

∠AQB = 180° – 70° – 70° = 40°.

4. False,

Perimeter of ∆ABC = AB + BC + AC

= AB + BQ + CQ + CR + AR

= AB + BP + CQ + CQ + AP

= AB + (BP + AP) + 2CQ

= 2(AB + CQ)

= 2(8) = 16 cm.

5. LHS

= AB + CD

= (AP + PB) + (CR + RD)

= AS + BQ + CQ + DS

= (AS + DS) + (BQ + CQ)

= AD + BC

= RHS.

181 C R I C S E L

4. True.

Let M be the point of

contact and O be the

centre of the circle.

∠ABM = ∠ACM

(∵ AB = AC)

1

2

∠ABM =

1

2

∠ACM

∠OBM = ∠OCM ... (i)

∠BMO = ∠CMO ... (ii) (Each 90°)

OM = OM ... (iii) (Common)

Using equations (i), (ii) and (iii) in ∆BMO

and ∆CMO, we have

∆BMO≅ ∆CMO (AAS corollory)

∴ BM= CM (CPCT)

⇒ BC is bisected at the point of contact.

5. As AD + BC = AB + CD

⇒ AD + 7 = 6 + 4

⇒ AD= 3 cm.

6. 11 cm

Hint: OQBP is a square

∴ OQ= BP = 11 cm.

7. Let the tangents be PQ and

PR corresponding to the

chord QR of the circle with

centre O.

Join OQ, OR and OP.

In ∆PQO and ∆PRO,

∠PQO = ∠PRO = 90°

(Angles formed between

tangent and corresponding

radius)

PO = PO (Common)

QO = RO (Radii of same circle)

Therefore, we arrive at

∆PQO ≅ ∆PRO(RHS axiom of congruence)

So, PQ = PR (∴ CPCT)

Thus, ∆PQR is an isosceles triangle.

∴ ∠PQR = ∠PRQ. Hence proved.

8. Let the given parallelogram

be ABCD whose sides

touches a circles at P, Q, R

and S as shown in the

adjoining figure.

Since, length of two

tangents drawn from an

external point to a circle are equal.

∴ AP = AS ...(i)

Similarly, we have

PB = BQ ...(ii)

DR = SD ...(iii)

RC = QC ...(iv)

Adding these four equations, we have

AP + PB + DR + RC = AS + BQ + SD + QC

⇒ (AP + PB) + (DR + RC)

= (AS + SD) + (BQ+QC)

⇒ AB + DC = AD + BC

∵AB = DC and AD = BC

(ABCD is a parallelogram)

∴ AB = BC

Thus, AB = BC = CD = DA

Hence, ABCD is a rhombus.

9. Let line l be the

tangent at a

point P to the

circle with centre

O. Let us take

any point Q on

the tangent l as shown in the figure.

Join OQ to meet the circle at M.

We know that if a point is met with the

different points of a line, then the shortest

line segment is the perpendicular on that

line. Consider the adjoining figure:

OM = OP (Radii of same circle)

OQ = OM + MQ

⇒ OQ = OP + MQ

⇒ OQ > OP

i.e., OP < OQ

Clearly, OP is the shorter than OQ. Similarly,

we can prove that OP is the shortest all OV,

V being a variable point on the line other

than P. Therefore, OP is the perpendicular to

line l.

182 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Hence, tangent l ⊥ radius OP.

2nd Part: Join OY

∠OYX = 90º

and ∠OAY = b + a = ∠OYA

[∵ OA = OY = radius]

⇒ b + a = 90º – a

⇒ b + 2a = 90º.

WORKSHEET– 43

1. (B) ∠Q = ∠R = 90°

In quadrilateral PQOR,

∠P = 360° – (90° + 130° + 90°) = 50°

2. (C)

Hint: AC = 10 cm

∴ ar(∆ABC)

= ar(∆AOB) + ar(∆BOC)

+ ar(∆AOC)

⇒ 24 =

1

2

× (8 × r + 6 × r + 10 × r)

⇒ 48 = r × 24 ⇒ r = 2 cm.

3. ∠PTQ + ∠POQ = 180º

⇒ ∠PTQ = 180º – 110º

= 70º.

4. CP = CQ = 11 cm

BQ = CQ – CB

= 11 – 7 = 4 cm

∴ BR = QB = 4 cm.

5. See Worksheet – 42, Sol. 8.

6. Hint: XP = XQ

⇒ XA + AP = XB + BQ

⇒ XA + AR = XB + BR

AP AR

and BQ BR

=

=

∵

.

7. Hint:

As PA= AC

.

.

. ∆PAO≅ ∆CAO (SSS)

⇒ ∠PAO= ∠CAO (CPCT)

⇒ ∠PAC = 2∠CAO

Similarly,

∠CBQ= 2∠CBO

As ∠PAC + ∠CBQ= 180°

⇒

1

2

∠PAC +

1

2

∠CBQ=

1

2

× 180°

⇒ ∠CAO + ∠CBO= 90°

.

.

. ∠AOB = 90°.

8. 9 cm

Hint: ∠AMP = 90°

cos 60° =

AM

AP

⇒

1

2

=

AM

9

⇒ AM =

9

2

∴AB = 2AM ⇒ AB = 9 cm.

WORKSHEET– 44

1. (A)

See Worksheet – 41, Sol. 2.

2. (C) ∠PTQ + ∠POQ = 180º

⇒ ∠PTQ = 180º – 115º = 65º.

3. False.

∵ ∠OQL = 90°

∴ ∠OQS = 90° – ∠SQL = 40°

183 C R I C S E L

Similarly,

∠ORS = 90° – ∠SRM = 30°

∵ In ∆SOQ, ∠OSQ = ∠OQS = 40°

And in ∆SOR, ∠OSR = ∠ORS = 30°

∴ ∠QSR = OSQ + ∠OSR

= 40° + 30° = 70°.

4. Perimeter of ∆ABC

= AB + BC + AC

= (AQ– BQ) + BC + (AR – CR)

= AQ+ AR + BC – (BP + PC)

= 2AQ [∵ AQ = AR]

∴ AQ = AR =

1

2

(Perimeter of ∆ABC).

5. Let OT intersects PQ at M.

OM =

2 2

7 – 5

=

24

= 2 6 cm ... (i)

Let ∠PTM = θ ... (ii)

Then ∠TPM = 90° – θ ... (iii)

And ∠OPM = θ ... (iv)

(∵ OP ⊥ PT)

And ∠MOP = 90° – θ ... (v)

In ∆TPM and ∆POM,

∠TPM = ∠POM = 90° – θ

[From (iii) and (v)]

∠PTO = ∠MPO = θ

[From (ii) and (iv)]

∠TMP = ∠PMO (Each 90°)

So, by AAA criterion of similarity, we have

∆TPM ~ ∆POM

⇒

TP

PO

=

PM

OM

⇒

TP

7

=

5

2 6

⇒ TP =

35

2 6

×

6

6

=

35 6

12

cm.

6. See Worksheet – 41, Sol. 5.

7. Let the given two

tangents be PA and PB

to the circle with

centre O.

We need to prove

∠APB + ∠AOB = 180°.

We know that the angle formed by a

tangent to the circle and the radius passing

through the point of contact is 90°.

∴ ∠PAO = ∠PBO = 90°

Applying angle sum property in the

quadrilateral AOBP, we get

∠PAO + ∠AOB + ∠PBO + ∠APB = 360°

⇒ 90° + ∠AOB + 90° + ∠APB = 360°

⇒ ∠AOB + ∠APB = 180°.

Hence proved.

8. We have given

l || m to a circle. DE

is intercept made

by tangent at C,

between l and m.

We have to prove ∠DEF = 90°

Construction: Join A to F, F to B and F to C.

Proof: In a triangles ADF and DFC, we have

DA= DC

(Tangents drawn from an external point

are equal in length)

DF = DF (Common)

AF = CF (Radii of the same circle)

∴ ∆ADF ≅ ∆CDF (SSS)

⇒ ∠ADF = ∠CDF (CPCT)

⇒ ∠ADC = 2∠CDF ... (i)

Similarly, ∠CEB = 2∠CEF ... (ii)

Now, ∠ADC + ∠CEB = 180°

Sum of the interior angles on the same side

of transversal is 180°.

⇒ 2∠CDF + 2∠CEF = 180°

184 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

⇒ ∠CDF + ∠CEF = 90° ... (iii)

In ∆DEF,

∠DEF + ∠EDF + DFE = 180°

⇒ 90° + ∠DFE = 180° [From (iii)]

⇒ ∠DFE = 90°.

Hence proved.

WORKSHEET– 45

1. (D) Let radius = r

∴ PO = PB = BQ = r

AB =

2 2

17 –15

= 8 cm

Now,

AC = AR + RC

⇒ 17 = 8 – r + 15 – r

⇒ 2r = 23 – 17 = 6

⇒ r = 3 cm.

2. (B) AB =

2 2

OB – OA

= 169 – 25

=

144

= 12 cm.

3. True, because in right angled isosceles

triangle AOB,

OP =

2 2

+ a a = 2 a

4. In ∆APQ,

∠PAQ = ∠AQP = θ (say)

(∵ AP = PQ = radius)

∠RPB = ∠QAP = θ

(Corresponding angles)

∠RPQ = ∠AQP = θ

(Alternate angles)

Now, in ∆RPQ and ∆RPB,

RP = RP (Common)

∠RPQ = ∠RPB (Each θ)

PQ = PB (Each radius)

So, by SAS creterion of similarity, we have

∆RPQ ~ ∆RPB

∴ ∠RBP = ∠RQP

But RQ ⊥ PQ,

∴ ∠RQP = 90°

∴ ∠RBP = 90°

⇒ BR is tangent at B. Hence proved.

5. Join OR and OS.

Let AP = x ∴ AS = x

In quadrilateral OSDR,

∠O + ∠S + ∠D + ∠R = 360°

⇒ ∠O + 90° + 90° + 90° = 360°

(∵ OS ⊥ AD and OR ⊥ CD)

⇒ ∠O= 90°

⇒ OSDR is a square.

⇒ DR = DS = r

Now, ABCD is a subscribed quadrilateral

∴ AB + CD = BC + DA

⇒ x + 27 + 25 = 38 + r + x

⇒ r = 14 cm.

6. See Worksheet – 44, Sol. 4.

OR

We know that two

tangents drawn from

an external point to a

circle are equal in

length.

∴ PA = PB

⇒ ∠PBA = ∠PAB = θ (say) ...(i)

⇒ ∠APB = 180° – 2θ ...(ii)

(Using ∆APB)

Further, PA is tangent and AO is corres-

ponding radius

⇒ PA ⊥ AO

⇒ ∠PAO = 90°

185 C R I C S E L

⇒ ∠OAB = 90° – ∠PAB

⇒ ∠OAB = 90° – θ ...(iii)

[Using equation (i)]

Dividing equation (ii) by equation (iii), we

get

APB

OAB

∠

∠

=

180 – 2

90 –

° θ

° θ

=

( ) 2 90 –

90 –

° θ

° θ

= 2

⇒∠APB = 2∠OAB. Hence proved.

7. Let the given quadrilate-

ral be ABCD subscribing

a circle with centre O. Let

the sides AB, BC, CD and

DA touch the circle at P,

Q, R and S respectively

(see figure).

Join OA, OB, OC, OD, OP, OQ, OR and OS.

We need to prove

∠AOB + ∠COD = ∠BOC + ∠DOA = 180°.

Proof: In ∆AOP and ∆AOS,

OP = OS (Radii of same circle)

AP =AS (Tangents from external points)

AO= AO (Common)

∴∆AOP ≅ ∆AOS(SSS axiom of congruence)

∴∠1 = ∠8 ...(i) (CPCT)

Similarly, we can prove that

∠2 = ∠3, ∠4 = ∠5 and ∠6 = ∠7 ... (ii)

As, ∠1, ∠2, ∠3, ∠4, ∠5, ∠6, ∠7 and ∠8 are

subtended at a point

∴ ∠1 + ∠2 + ∠3 + ∠4 + ∠5 + ∠6 + ∠7 + ∠8

= 360°

⇒ ∠1 + ∠1 + ∠2 + ∠2 + ∠5 + ∠5 + ∠6 + ∠6

= 360°

Also, ∠8 + ∠8 + ∠3 + ∠3 + ∠4 + ∠4 + ∠7 + ∠7

= 360°

[Using results from equations (i) and (ii)]

⇒ 2(∠1 + ∠2) + 2(∠5 + ∠6) = 360°

Also, 2(∠3 + ∠4) + 2(∠7 + ∠8) = 360°

⇒ 2∠AOB + 2∠COD = 360°

Also, 2∠BOC + 2∠DOA = 360°

⇒ ∠AOB + ∠COD = ∠BOC + ∠DOA

= 180°

Hence proved.

8. See solved example 4 for first part.

Second part:

x + y = 12 ...(i)

10 – x = 8 – y

⇒ – x + y = – 2 ...(ii)

Solving (i) and (ii):

2y = 10

⇒ y = 5

∴ x = 7

AD = 7 cm, BE = 5 cm, CF = 3 cm.

WORKSHEET–46

1. (A)

As CD= DB = 4 cm

AD= CD = 4 cm

∴ AB = 4 + 4

= 8 cm.

2. (B) Hint: AB = 2AM

3. Let CQ= x and

BQ= y such that x + y = c ... (i)

As CR and CQ are

tangents from the

external point C,

∴ CQ= CR

⇒ x = a – r ... (ii)

Similarly,

y = b – r ... (iii)

Add (i) and (ii).

x + y = a + b – 2r

⇒ c = a + b – 2r [Using (i)]

⇒ r =

–

2

+ a b c

.

4. 16 cm

Given: AP = 5 cm

⇒ BP = 12 – 5 = 7 cm

also AP = 5 cm = AQ

∴ QC = 14 – 5 = 9 cm

∴ BC = BR + RC

= BP + CQ

= 7 + 9 = 16 cm.

186 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

5. See Worksheet – 45, Sol. 7.

6. See Worksheet – 43, Sol. 7.

7. For proof of theorem see solved example 4.

2nd Part.

See Worksheet – 41, Sol. 5.

8. Join OB, OG, OA, OH and OC.

Radius = OD = OG = OH = 4 cm

HC = DC = 6 cm

BG= BD = 8 cm

Let AG= AH = x

ar(∆OBC)

=

1

base height

2

× ×

=

1

14 4

2

× ×

= 28 cm

2

ar(∆OAB) = ( )

1

× + 8 × 4

2

x

= (2x + 16) cm

2

ar(∆OBC) = ( )

1

× + 6 × 4

2

x

= (2x + 12) cm

2

∴ ar(∆ABC) = 28 + 2x + 16 + 2x + 12

⇒ar(∆ABC) = (4x + 56) cm

2

... (i)

In ∆ABC,

s =

AB BC CA

2

+ +

=

8 14 6

2

+ + + + x x

= x + 14

∴ ar(∆ABC) = ( ) ( ) ( ) – AB – BC – CA s s s s

⇒ ar(∆ABC) = ( ) +14 ×6 × ×8 x x ... (ii)

Comparing equations (i) and (ii), we get

4x + 56 = ( ) +14 ×6 × ×8 x x

⇒ 4

2

(x + 14)

2

= (x + 14) × 6 × x × 8

(On squaring both sides)

⇒ 16 (x + 14) (x + 14 – 3x) = 0

⇒ x = 7 as x ≠ –14 (∵ x > 0)

So, AB = x + 8 = 7 + 8 = 15 cm

and AC = x + 6 = 7 + 6 = 13 cm.

ASSESSMENT SHEET–5

1. (B) BC = 2AB

= 2 169 – 25

= 24 cm.

2. (C) If a circle touches the sides of a

quadrilateral, then the angles subtended by

each pair of opposite sides are supplementary.

∴ ∠AOB + ∠COD= 180°

⇒ 130° + ∠COD= 180°

⇒ ∠COD= 50°.

3. In right triangle AOP,

tan (∠APO) =

Perpendicular

Base

⇒ tan 30° =

AO

AP

⇒

1

3

=

5

AP

⇒ AP =

5 3

∴ AP = BP = 5 3 cm.

4. True, because

∠MAB = ∠ACB

and ∠NAC = ∠ABC,

But ∠ABC = ∠ACB

∴ ∠MAB = ∠ABC

and ∠NAC = ∠ACB

But these are alternate pair of interior angles.

∴ MN || BC.

5. Note that tangents

drawn from an

external point to a

circle are equal in

length.

Tangents are drawn from A, B and C, so we

respectively get

AQ= AR ... (i)

BQ= BP ... (ii)

And CR= CP ... (iii)

Taking equation (i), we

AQ= AR = AC + CR = AC + CP

[From (iii)]

= AC + BC – BP

= AC + BC – BQ [From (ii)]

= AC + BC – (AQ – AB)

187 C R I C S E L

= AC + BC + AB – AQ

⇒ 2 AQ= Perimeter of ∆ABC

⇒ AQ=

1

2

(Perimeter of ∆ABC)

Hence proved.

6. We are given two

tangents AP and BP

corresponding to

the chord AB of a

circle with centre O.

We need to prove

∠PAB = ∠PBA

Join AO, BO and PO.

In ∆AOP and ∆BOP,

∠PAO= ∠PBO = 90°

(Angle between tangent and corresponding

radius)

OP = OP (Common)

AO= BO (Radii of same circle)

Therefore,

∆AOP ≅ ∆BOP (RHS criterion)

∴ PA= PB (CPCT)

Thus, ∆PAB is an isosceles triangle.

⇒ ∠PAB = ∠PBA. Hence proved.

7. Let O be the

centre of the

circle. Join OT to

meet PQ at R.

Join OP and OQ.

In ∆PTR and ∆QTR,

PT = QT

(Tangents from an external point to the

same circle)

∠PTR= ∠QTR

(Line segment joining the centre and the

point of intersection of the tangents bisects

the angle between the tangents)

TR= TR (Common)

Therefore,

∆PTR ≅ ∆QTR (SAS criterion)

⇒ PR= QR (CPCT)

Also, ∠ORP = ∠ORQ = 90°

(Angle between chord and the line segment

joining the centre and mid-point of the

chord)

∴ ∠ORP = ∠PRT = 90°

In ∆OPR, OR=

2 2

OP – PR

=

25 –16

= 3 cm

(Pythagoras theorem)

Further in ∆ORP and ∆PRT,

∠ORP = ∠PRT = 90°

(Proved above)

∠OPR= ∠PTR

(∵ ∠OPR = 90° – ∠RPT = 90° – (90° – ∠PTR))

Therefore,

∆ORP ∼ ∆PRT (AA criterion)

⇒

OR

PR

=

OP

TP

(Corresponding sides)

⇒

3

4

=

5

TP

⇒ TP =

20

3

cm.

8. Join QO and TO

to intersect PQ

at R.

In ∆TOP and

∆TOQ,

TP = TQ

(Tangents from same external point)

PO= QO (Radii of same circle)

TO= TO (Common side)

So, ∆TOP ≅ ∆TOQ

(SSS criterion of congruence)

∴ ∠POR= ∠QOR ... (i) (CPCT)

Now, in ∆POR and ∆QOR,

PO= QO (Radii of same circle)

∠POR= ∠QOR [From (i)]

OR= OR (Common side)

So, ∆POR≅ ∆QOR

(SAS criterion of congruence)

∴ ∠PRO= ∠QRO ... (ii)

(Corresponding angles)

∠PRO + ∠QRO = 180º ... (iii)

(Linear pair axiom)

From (ii) and (iii),

∠PRO= 90° ... (iv)

In ∆TPO,

∠TPO= 90° ... (v)

(Angle between tangent and

corresponding radius)

188 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Further, in ∆PRO and ∆TPO,

∠PRO= ∠TPO = 90°

[From (iv) and (v)]

∠POR= ∠TOP (Common angle)

So, ∆PRO~ ∆TPO

(AA criterion of similarity)

∴ ∠OPR= ∠OTP

⇒ ∠OPQ=

1

2

∠PTQ

(∴ ∠OTP = ∠OTQ)

i.e., ∠PTQ= 2∠OPQ Hence proved.

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 6

1. (D) Join OA

cos 30° =

AT

OT

⇒ AT = 6 ×

3

2

= 3 3 cm.

2. (D) ∠BAT = ∠ACB = 55°.

3. AD = DC = 4

⇒ AD = 4 cm

Similarly CD= DB = 4 cm

⇒ DB = 4 cm

∴ AB = AD + DB = 4 + 4 = 8 cm.

4. False, because the centres of the circles lie on

the perpendicular of PQ, which passes

through A.

5. Let the sides AB,

BC and CA of the

∆ABC touch the

circle with centre O

at the point P, Q

and R respectively.

In quadrilateral OQCR,

∠OQC= ∠ORC = 90°

(Angles between tangent and

corresponding radius)

and ∠QCR= 90° (Given)

⇒ ∠QOR= 90°

⇒ OQCR is a square

⇒ CQ= CR = r

⇒ BQ= a – r, AR = b – r,

⇒ AP = b – r, PB = a – r

But AB = c

∴ b – r + a – r = c

⇒ 2r = a + b – c

⇒ r =

– c

2

a b +

. Hence proved.

6. Draw a line QT

passing through Q

and perpendicular to

QP to meet SR at T.

In ∆PQR,

PQ= PR

(Tangents from an external point)

∴ ∠PRQ= ∠PQR ... (i)

(Angles opposite to equal sides)

∠PQR + ∠PRQ + ∠QPR = 180° ... (ii)

(Angle sum property for a triangle)

From equations (i) and (ii),

∠PQR + ∠PQR + 30° = 180°

⇒ ∠PQR = ∠PRQ = 75° ... (iii)

Now, ∠TQR + ∠PQR = 90°

(Angle between tangent)

⇒ TQR = 15° ... (iv) [Using (iii)]

∴ SR || QP and QT ⊥ QP

∴ QT ⊥ SR

⇒ ST = TR ... (v)

(∵ TQ passess through the centre of the

circle)

In ∆STQ and RTQ,

ST = TR [From (v)]

∠STQ= ∠RTQ (∵ QT ⊥ SR)

TQ= TQ (Common)

∴ ∆STQ≅ ∆RTQ (SAS criterion)

⇒ ∠SQT = ∠RQT = 15° [Using (iv)]

∠SQT + ∠TQR = 15° + 15°

⇒ ∠RQS = 30°.

189 C R I C S E L

OR

∠APB = 120°

∴ ∠APO = ∠OPB = 60°

In right-angled ∆OAP

cos 60° =

AP

OP

⇒

1

2

=

AP

OP

⇒ OP = 2AP

7. Let O be the centre

of the circle with

radius r.

Join SO and RO.

In quadrilateral

DROS,

∠SDR = 90° ... (i) (Given)

and ∠OSD= ∠ORD = 90° ... (ii)

(Angle between tangent and

corresponding radius)

Therefore,

∠SOR = 90° ... (iii)

⇒ Quadrilateral DROS is a rectangle

[From (i), (ii) and (iii)]

But SO= SR (= r)

∴ DROS is a square.

⇒ r = SO = DR = SD = OR ... (iv)

We know that tangents drawn from an

external point to a circle are equal.

∴ BQ= BP = 27 cm

(Tangents from point B)

QC = BC – BQ= 38 – 27 = 11 cm

RC = QC = 11 cm

(Tangents from point C)

DR = DC – RC = 25 – 11 = 14 cm

∴ r = 14 cm [From (iv)]

Hence, radius of the incircle is 14 cm.

8. Let AD = x. We

know that the

tangents drawn

from an external

point to a circle

are equal.

∴ AD= AF = x

BD= BE and CE = CF

Now, BD= AB – AD = 8 – x = BE

and CE = BC – BE = 10 – (8 – x)

= 2 + x = CF.

AF = AC – CF = 12 – (2 + x)

= 10 – x = AD

But AD= x

∴ 10 – x = x ⇒ x = 5 cm, i.e., AD = 5 cm

BE = 8 – x = 8 – 5 = 3 cm

and CF = 2 + x = 2 + 5 = 7 cm

Thus, AD= 5 cm, BE = 3 cm and CF = 7 cm.

CHAPTER TEST

1. (C) ∵ OA ⊥ AT

∴ ∠OAT = 90°

In ∆OAT,

cos T =

AT

OT

⇒ cos 30° =

AT

4

⇒ AT = 2 3 cm.

2. (A) ∠PAO = 90°

∠OAB = ∠PAO – ∠PAB

= ∠PAO –

1

2

(∠PAB + ∠PBA)

(∵ ∠PAB = ∠PBA)

= ∠PAO –

1

2

(180° – ∠APB) (ASP)

= 90° –

1

2

(180° – 50°) = 25°.

3. In right ∆POQ,

PQ =

2 2

13 – 5

= 12 cm

PR = PQ = 12 cm

ar( PQOR)

= ar(∆PQO) + ar(∆PRO)

=

1

PQ QO

2

× ×

+

1

PR RO

2

× ×

190 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

=

1

12 5

2

× ×

+

1

12 5

2

× ×

= 2 × 30 = 60 cm

2

4. True, as ∠BPA = 90°, (∵ AB is diameter)

∠PAB = ∠OPA = 60° (∵ OP = OA)

Also OP ⊥ PT.

∴ ∠APT = 30°

and ∠PTA= 60° – 30° = 30°.

5. Let the given chord be AB

and two tangents to the

circle with centre O be AP

and BP.

We need to prove

∠PAB = ∠PBA

Join OA and OB.

Proof:

In ∆AOB, AO = BO

∴∠ABO = ∠BAO ... (i)

As, the tangent is perpendicular to the radius

passing through the point of contact,

∠PAO = ∠PBO = 90° ... (ii)

Again, ∠PAO= ∠PBO [Using (ii)]

⇒ ∠PAB + ∠BAO= ∠PBA + ∠ABO

⇒ ∠PAB + ∠ABO= ∠PBA + ∠ABO

[Using (i)]

⇒ ∠PAB = ∠PBA.

6. Hint: AP = AU,

BP = BQ,

CR = CQ,

DR = DS,

ET = ES

FT = FU.

7. We know that the

tangents drawn from an

external point to a circle

are equal in length.

∴ AQ= AR ... (i)

BQ= BP ... (ii)

and CP = CR ... (iii)

Now,

AQ= AB + BQ

= AB + BP [From (ii)]

= AB + (BC – PC)

= AB + BC – CR [From (iii)]

= AB + BC – (AR – AC)

= AB + BC + CA – AR

= AB + BC + CA – AQ [From (i)]

⇒ AQ + AQ= AB + BC + CA

⇒ AQ=

1

2

(AB + BC + CA)

Hence proved.

8. ∠BCA= 90° ... (i) (Angle in semicircle)

∠PCA= ∠PCB + ∠BCA

⇒ 110° = ∠PCB + 90°

⇒ ∠PCB = 110° – 90° = 20° ...(ii)

Since PC is a tangent and CB is a chord

∴ ∠BAC = ∠PCB = 20° ... (iii) [Using (ii)]

Now, applying angle sum property in ∆ABC,

we have

∠CBA + ∠BCA + ∠CAB = 180°

⇒ ∠CBA + 90° + 20° = 180°

[Using (i) and (ii)]

⇒ ∠CBA= 180° – 90° – 20° = 70°.

❑❑

191 R T S N O C U C T I O N S

4

Chapter

CONSTRUCTIONS

WORKSHEET– 50

1. (D) Since, the angle between two radii of a circle and the angle between corresponding two

tangents are supplementary.

∴ Required angle = 180° – 35° = 145°.

2. (B) Out of the numbers 8 and 5 in

8

5

, the greater one is 8, so the required number of

points is 8.

3.

AB = 8.5 cm and

AC

CB

=

3

7

AC = 2.55 cm, CB = 5.95 cm.

4. Steps of construction:

First, we draw a triangle ABC such that AB = 4 cm, AC = 5 cm and ∠BAC = 90°. Further, we

will draw a triangle A′BC′ similar to triangle ABC using the following steps.

Step I: Draw a ray BX making an acute angle with BC on the side opposite to vertex A.

Step II: Locate five points X

1

, X

2

, X

3

, X

4

and X

5

on BX so that BX

1

= X

1

X

2

= X

2

X

3

= X

3

X

4

= X

4

X

5

.

Step III: Join X

3

C and draw X

5

C′ || X

3

C to intersect BC extended at C′.

Step IV: Draw C′A′ || CA to intersect BA extended at A′.

192 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

4

c

m

5

c

m

90°

90°

B C

C¢

A¢

A

X

X

1

X

2

X

3

X

4

X

5

Then, ∆A′BC′ ~ ∆ABC.

5. Steps of construction:

Step I: First, draw a circle with radius as 5 cm and centre at O. Then take a point P so that

OP = 11 cm.

Step II: Bisect OP to find mid-point M of OP. Then take M as centre and MP = MO as radius,

draw a circle to intersect the previous circle at Q and R.

Step III: Join PQ and PR which are the required tangents.

After measuring PQ and PR, we find PQ = PR = 9.8 cm (approximately).

Justification:

Join OQ and OR.

In ∆OPQ, OP = 11 cm, OQ = 5 cm and PQ = 9.8 cm

∴ OP

2

– OQ

2

= 11

2

– 5

2

= (11 + 5)(11 – 5) = 96

And PQ

2

= (9.8)

2

= 96.04

Clearly, OP

2

– OQ

2

≈ PQ

2

⇒ OP

2

= OQ

2

+ PQ

2

Also, OP

2

= OR

2

+ PR

2

Therefore, ∆POQ and ∆POR are right triangles with ∠PQO = ∠PRO = 90°.

193 R T S N O C U C T I O N S

So, tangents are perpendicular to radii passing through their respective points of contact.

i.e., PQ ⊥ OQ and PR ⊥ OR.

6. ∠C = 180° – (∠B + ∠A) = 180° – 150° = 30°.

Steps of construction:

In order to construct a triangle similar to ∆ABC, follow the following steps:

Step I: First, construct a ∆ABC in which BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45° and ∠C = 30°.

Step II: Make an acute angle CBX such that X is on the side opposite to vertex A.

194 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Step III: Locate four points namely X

1

, X

2

, X

3

and X

4

on BX such that BX

1

= X

1

X

2

= X

2

X

3

=

X

3

X

4

.

Step IV: Join X

3

C and draw a line X

4

C′ || X

3

C to intersect BC produced at C′.

Step V: Draw a line C′A′ parallel to side CA of ∆ABC to intersect BA produced at A′. Then,

∆A′BC′ is the required triangle.

WORKSHEET – 51

1. (B) Since 4 + 7 = 11, therefore, B will be joined to A

11

.

2. (D) The required angle and the angle between the two tangents are supplementary.

∴ Required angle = 180° – 60° = 120°.

3. Here, 5 + 8 = 13

AB = 7.6 cm

AC : BC = 5 : 8

AC = 2.92 cm and BC = 4.68 cm

195 R T S N O C U C T I O N S

4. Steps of construction:

First, we draw ∆ABC with the given

measurements. Then we draw another

triangle A′BC′ similar to ∆ABC and of

scalar factor

3

4

using the following steps:

Step I: Draw a ray BX such that ∠CBX is

an acute angle.

Step II: Mark X

1

, X

2

, X

3

, X

4

on BX such

that BX

1

= X

1

X

2

= X

2

X

3

= X

3

X

4

.

Step III: Join X

4

C and draw X

3

C′ || X

4

C.

Also, draw A′C′ || AC.

Thus, ∆A′BC′ ∼ ∆ABC.

5. Justification: In ∆PQR and ∆PQ′R′, ∠P = 45° is common and RQ || R′Q′.

∴ ∆PQR ~ ∆PQ′R′

We have draw PP

1

= P

1

P

2

= P

2

P

3

= P

3

P

4

∴

3 4

3

P P 1

=

PP 3

⇒

3 4

3

P P 1

+ 1 = 1

PP 3

+

⇒

3 4 3

3

P P PP 4

=

PP 3

+

⇒

4

3

PP 4

=

PP 3

And P

3

Q || P

4

Q′

∴

PQ

PQ 3

′ 4

= .

Also, ∆PQR ~ ∆PQ′R′

Hence,

PQ

PQ

′

=

PR

PR

′

=

R Q

RQ

′ ′

.

6. Steps of construction: In order to construct a pair of required tangents, follow the following

steps:

Step I: Draw a circle with radius OA = 3 cm and centre O.

196 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Step II: Take any point P outside the circle

drawn in step I and join OP.

Step III: Obtain mid-point M of OP obtained

in step II and draw another circle with radius

OM = PM and centre M to intersect the

circle drawn in step I at A and B.

Step IV: Join PA and PB.

These PA and PB form the required pair of

tangents.

WORKSHEET– 52

1. (C) The next step should be the line parallel

to B

5

C should be passed through B

4

as the

sides of required triangle are

4

5

of the

corresponding sides of ∆ABC.

2. (C) Two distinct tangents to a circle can be

constructed from P only when P is situated

at a distance more than radius (here 2r)

from the centre.

3. False. In the ratio 3 + 2 : 3 – 2 , i.e.,

11 + 6 2 : 7, 11 + 6 2 is not a positive

integer, while 7 is.

4. Steps of construction: In order to construct a

∆ABC and its similar triangle with given

measurements, follow the following steps:

Step I: Draw a ∆ABC in

which BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45° and

∠C = 180° – (45° + 105°) = 30°.

Step II: Make an acut e

∠CBX such that X is on the

opposite side of the vertex

A and locate points B

1

, B

2

,

B

3

and B

4

on BX such that

BB

1

= B

1

B

2

= B

2

B

3

= B

3

B

4

.

Step III: Join B

3

C and draw

B

4

C′ || B

3

C to intersect BC

produced at C′. Also draw

C′A′ || CA to intersect BA produced at A′.

Hence, ∆A′BC′ ~ ∆ABC.

5. Steps of construction: In order to draw a pair of tangents to the given circle, follow the

following steps:

Step I: Draw a radius AO in the given circle with centre O and draw another radius making

an angle AOB of measure 180° – 60° = 120°.

197 R T S N O C U C T I O N S

Step II: Make ∠OAP = 90° and ∠BOP = 90° to intersect each other at P.

Such obtained AP and BP are the required tangents such that ∠APB = 60°.

6. We are given a ∆PQR with each

side of measure 6 cm.

Steps of construction: In order to

construct ∆ABC follow the

following steps:

Step I: Make an acute angle RQX

and locate seven points Q

1

, Q

2

,

Q

3

, Q

4

, Q

5

, Q

6

and Q

7

on the ray

OX such that QQ

1

= Q

1

Q

2

= Q

2

Q

3

= Q

3

Q

4

= Q

4

Q

5

= Q

5

Q

6

= Q

6

Q

7

.

Step II: Join Q

7

R and draw Q

6

C

parallel to Q

7

R to intersect QR at

C.

Step III: Draw CA parallel to RP

to intersect BP (B and Q coincide)

at A.

Then, ∆ABC is the required

triangle.

198 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

WORKSHEET– 53

1. (A) Angle between the tangents is less than 180°.

2. (B) Line segment A

5

B

7

divides the line

segment AB in the ratio 5 : 7.

3. False, because the point P lies inside the circle.

4.

Measuring the tangent AP, we get AP = 4.0 cm

5. We are given a circle of radius

4 cm and centre O.

Steps of construction: In order to

draw the required pair of tangents,

follow the following steps.

Step I: Draw a pair of radius OA

and OB inclined at an angle of

180° – 120° = 60° to intersect the

given circle at A and B respectively.

Step II: Draw perpendiculars AP and

BP which intersect each other at P.

Then AP and BP are the required

tangents.

Justification: In quadrilateral,

OBPA, applying Angle sum property,

we have

∠O + ∠A + ∠B + ∠P = 360°

⇒ 60° + 90° + 90° + ∠P = 360°

⇒ ∠P = 360° – 240° ⇒ ∠P = 120°.

Angle between the tangents is 120°.

199 R T S N O C U C T I O N S

6.

In the figure, ∆A′BC′ ~ ∆ABC.

Steps of construction:

First, we draw ∆ABC with the given

measurements. Then we draw another

triangle A′BC′ similar to ∆ABC and of

scalar factor

3

4

using the following steps:

Step I: Draw a ray BX such that ∠CBX is

an acute angle.

Step II: Mark X

1

, X

2

, X

3

, X

4

on BX such

that BX

1

= X

1

X

2

= X

2

X

3

= X

3

X

4

.

Step III: Join X

4

C and draw X

3

C′ || X

4

C.

Also, draw A′C′ || AC.

Thus, ∆A′BC′ ∼ ∆ABC.

1. (D) The minimum number of points should

be 9 as 9 > 5 out of the numerator and

denominator of

9

5

. The next step is to be

joined B

5

to C.

2. (B) Angle of inclination, here θ, can lie

between 0° and 180°. So, the most

appropriate option is (B), i.e., 0 < θ < 180°.

3. In the adjoining figure,

∆AB′C′ ~ ∆ABC such that

AB

AB

′

=

B C

BC

′ ′

=

AC

AC

′

=

3

2

.

WORKSHEET– 54

200 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

4. Steps of construction:

First, we draw ∆ABC with the given measurements. Then we draw another triangle A′BC′

similar to ∆ABC and of scalar factor

3

4

using the following steps:

Step I: Draw a ray BX such that ∠CBX is an acute angle.

Step II: Mark X

1

,

X

2

, X

3

, X

4

on BX such that BX

1

= X

1

X

2

= X

2

X

3

= X

3

X

4

.

Step III: Join X

4

C and draw X

3

C′ || X

4

C.

Also, draw A′C′ || AC.

Thus, ∆A′BC′ ∼ ∆ABC.

5.

1 5

2 =

2 2

Steps of construction: In order to construct an isosceles triangle and another triangle having

5

2

of its corresponding sides, follow the steps given below:

Step I: Construct an isosceles triangle having any length of equal sides by drawing base

QR = 8 cm and altitude PM = 4 cm passing through the mid-point M of side QR.

Step II: Draw a ray QX such that ∠RQX is and acute angle; and divide the ray in five equal

parts, namely QQ

1

, Q

1

Q

2

, Q

2

Q

3

, Q

3

Q

4

and Q

4

Q

5

.

Step III: Join Q

2

R and draw Q

5

R′ || QR intersecting QR produced at R′.

201 R T S N O C U C T I O N S

Step IV: Draw R′P′ || RP intersecting QP produced at P′.

Hence ∆P′QR′ is formed so that

P Q QR P R 5

= = =

PQ QR PR 2

′ ′ ′ ′

.

202 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

6. Steps of construction: In order to draw the required pairs of tangents, follow the following

steps:

Step I: Draw a line segment AB of length 9 cm. Taking A as centre and radius 4 cm; and

B as centre and radius 3 cm, draw circles.

Step II: Find the mid-point M of AB. Then, taking M as centre and radius as AM = MB,

draw a circle to intersect circles drawn in step I at P, Q and R, S respectively.

Step III: Join AR, AS, BP and BQ.

Thus, obtained AR, AS and BP, BQ are the required pairs of tangents.

203 R T S N O C U C T I O N S

ASSESSMENT SHEET–7

1. (C) The required angle say θ and the angle between the tangents are supplementary.

∴ θ + 120° = 180° ⇒ θ = 60°.

2. (C) Since AB is divided in the ratio s : t.

Therefore, the minimum number of points on AX would be s + t.

3. AB is the required tangent drawn from

point A to the circle with centre O

such that OA = 5 cm and OB = 3 cm.

4. True, because the angle between the tangents must be less than 180°.

5.

We are given a circle with centre O and radius =

7

2

= 3.5 cm. We take points P and Q on

its extended diameter AB. Draw tangents PP

1

, PP

2

from P and QQ

1

, QQ

2

from Q, which

are the required tangents.

204 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

6. We are given a ∆PQR with

PQ = QR = RP = 5 cm. To

draw ∆AQB ~ ∆PQR and

wi th gi ven scal e factor,

draw ∠RQX < 90° and mark

Q

1

, Q

2

, Q

3

and Q

4

such that

QQ

1

= Q

1

Q

2

= Q

2

Q

3

= Q

3

Q

4

.

Join Q

4

R and draw Q

3

B || Q

4

R

and AB || PR.

Hence ∆AQB ~ ∆PQR with

AQ

PQ

=

QB

QR

=

AB

PR

=

3

4

.

7. First we draw ∆ABC using the given measurements. Further, we follow the steps given

below:

(a) Draw acute angle BCX and mark C

1

, C

2

and C

3

on it such that CC

1

= C

1

C

2

= C

2

C

3

. Join

BC

3

and draw B′C

2

|| BC

3

to meet BC at B′.

205 R T S N O C U C T I O N S

(b) Draw B′A′ || BA to meet AC at A′.

Thus ∆A′B′C ~ ∆ABC.

Justification:

In ∆ABC and ∆A′B′C, AB || A′B′ and BC is

transversal.

∴ ∠ABC = ∠A′B′C′ = 90°

Similarly, ∠BAC = ∠B′A′C

Therefore, ∆A′B′C ~ ∆ABC.

⇒

A B ′ ′

ΑΒ

=

B C

BC

′

=

A C

AC

′

...(i)

Let us take the ray CX.

CC

1

= C

1

C

2

= C

2

C

3

⇒ CC

1

+ C

1

C

2

= 2CC

1

and CC

1

+ C

1

C

2

+ C

2

C

3

= 3CC

1

⇒ CC

2

= 2CC

1

and CC

3

= 3CC

1

⇒

2

3

CC

CC

=

2

3

⇒

CB

CB

′

=

2

3

(Using Basic propor-

tionality theorem in ∆BCC

3

)

From (i) and (ii),

A B ′ ′

ΑΒ

=

B C

BC

′

=

A C

AC

′

=

2

3

.

8. Let the common centre

of the two circles be O.

The point P is taken on

the outer circle. To draw

a pair of tangents from

P to the inner circle, we

follow the instructions

given below:

(a) Join PO and find its

mid-point M. Taking M

as centre, draw a circle

passing through P and

O to intersect the inner

circle at A and B.

(b) Join PA and PB.

PA and PB are the

required tangents.

Length of PA: On

measuring, the length of

PA is 4.0 cm.

Verification: Join AO.

AO = 3 cm.

In ∆AOP, ∠OAP = 90°

∴ PO

2

= AO

2

+ PA

2

(Pythagoras theorem)

⇒ 5

2

= 3

2

+ PA

2

⇒ PA

2

= 25 – 9

⇒ PA

2

= 16 ⇒ PA = 4

Clearly, PA is 4.0 cm.

206 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 8

1. (C) Q

7

to R.

2. (D) 5 + 7 = 12.

3.

AP : PB = 4 : 5.

4. False, because in the ratio 3 – 1 : 3 1 + ,

i.e.,

2– 3 : 1

, 2 – 3 is not a positive

integer, while 1 is.

5. To draw a pair of tangents from P to the

circle with centre O, we follow the steps as

given:

(a) Join OP and find its mid-point M.

(b) Taking M as centre and radius = MP =

MO, draw a circle to intersect the given

circle at A and B.

(c) Join PA and PB.

PA and PB are the required tangents.

On measuring, PA = 6.35 cm and

PB = 6.35 cm. Clearly, PA and PB are of

same length.

6. We know that the angle between a pair of tangents to a circle and the angle between

their corresponding radii are supplementary. Therefore, the angle between these radii

= 180° – 90° = 90°.

PA and PB are the required tangents drawn from the external point P to the circle with

centre O and radius 4 cm.

In quadrilateral OAPB formed by tangents PA, PB and radii OA, OB, each internal

angle is of 90° and each side is of length 4 cm. Therefore, OAPB is a square. Perimeter

of square OAPB = 4 × 4 = 16 cm.

207 R T S N O C U C T I O N S

7. First we construct a ∆ABC with the

given measurements. Then we

construct a ∆A′BC′ similar to ∆ABC

and scale factor

5

7

. For it, we follow

the steps given below.

(a) Draw a ray BX such that O < ∠CBX

< 90° and mark points B

1

, B

2

, B

3

, B

4

,

B

5

, B

6

and B

7

on it such that BB

1

=

B

1

B

2

= B

2

B

3

= B

3

B

4

= B

4

B

5

= B

5

B

6

=

B

6

B

7

.

(b) Join B

7

C and draw B

5

C' || B

7

C to

intersect BC at C′ and hence draw

A′C′ || AC to intersect AB at A′.

Thus ∆A′BC′ ~ ∆ABC.

Justification: In ∆CBB

7

,

CB

7

|| C′B

5

and

5

7

BB

BB

=

5

7

.

So, by Thale's theorem,

BC

BC

′

=

5

7

...(i)

Similarly, in ∆ABC,

A B

AB

′

=

5

7

...(ii)

208 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Now, in ∆ABC,

BC

BC

′

=

A B

AB

′

=

5

7

[Using (i) and (ii); and ∠B = 90° (Given)]

∆A′BC′ ~ ∆ABC and

A B

AB

′

=

BC

BC

′

=

AC

AC

′ ′

=

5

7

. Hence justified.

8. First we draw an isosceles triangle ABC with base BC = 7 cm and altitude AD = 4 cm.

Altitude passes through the mid-point D of BC. Hence we construct a ∆A′BC′ similar to

∆ABC and of scalar factor

1

1

2

, i.e.,

3

2

using following the steps given below:

(a) Draw an acute angle CBX opposite to the vertex A with respect to BC.

(b) Mark points X

1

, X

2

, X

3

on ray BX such that BX

1

= X

1

X

2

= X

2

X

3

.

(c) Join X

2

C and draw X

3

C′ || X

2

C to meet BC produced at C′.

(d) Draw C′A′ || CA to meet BA produced at A′.

Thus formed ∆A′BC′ is similar to ∆ABC and of scalar factor

3

2

.

209 R T S N O C U C T I O N S

CHAPTER TEST

1. (B) A line segment can't be divided in the ratio 6 1 + : 6 – 1, i.e., 7 2 6 + : 5 as

7 2 6 +

is

not a positive integer while 5 is.

2. (C) Line segment P

3

Q

2

divides PQ in 3 : 2 at M. Therefore, P

3

M: Q

2

M = 3 : 2 and so

Q

2

M: P

3

M = 2 : 3.

3. True, because the irrational ratio

1

3 :

3

can be converted into the rational ratio that is 3 : 1.

4. 180° – 60° = 120°

Radius = 3 cm

Required tangents are

PA and PB.

5. Steps of construction: In order to draw pairs of tangents, follow the steps given below.

Step I: Draw a line segment AB = 6 cm and then taking A and B as centres, draw the circles

of radii 3 cm and 2 cm respectively.

210 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Step II: Find M as mid-point of AB and taking it as centre and radius as AM= MB, draw a

circle intersecting the circle having the centre as A at P, Q and the circle having the centre as

B at R, S.

Step III: Join AR, AS, BP and BQ.

Thus, AR, AS and BP, BQ are the required pairs of tangents.

6. Steps of construction: In order to construct triangles ABC and AQR, follow the steps given

below:

Step I: Draw any line XY and take any point D on it.

Step II: Draw any ray DZ such that ∠ZDY = 90°. Locate point C on DZ such that CD = 3 cm.

Step III: Make an ∠DCB = 30° such that CB intersects XY at B.

Step IV: Locate a point A on

XB such that AB = 5 cm and by

joining AC, we find ∆ABC.

Step V: Make an acute angle

YAT and locate T

1

, T

2

and T

3

on the ray AT such that

AT

1

= T

1

T

2

= T

2

T

3

.

Step VI: Join T

2

B and draw

T

3

Q || T

2

B to intersect line AY

at Q. Also, draw QR to intersect

AC extended at R.

Thus, ∆AQR is obtained such

that

∆ABC ~ ∆AQR and

AQ QR AR 3

= = =

AB BC AC 2

.

211 E M O S C I L P P A A T I O N S O F N O G I R T O ...

5

Chapter

SOME APPLICATIONS OF TRIGONOMETRY

WORKSHEET– 57

1. (A) cos 30° =

3

l

⇒ l = 2 3 m.

2. (B) sin 30° =

65

l

⇒ l = 130 m.

3. Let the height of the

tower be h.

tan 30° =

Perpendicular

Base

⇒

1

3

=

30

h

⇒ h = 10 3 m.

4. Let OA be the horizontal

ground and K be the

position of the kite at a

height h m above the

ground, then AK = h m. It

is given that OK = 100 m,

∠AOK = 60°.

In ∆AOK, right angled at A, we have

sin 60° =

100

h

⇒ h = 100 sin 60°

⇒ h = 100 ×

3

2

= 50 3 = 50 × 1.732

∴ h = 86.60 m.

5. 4.28 m, 2.14 m

Hint: sin 60° =

3.7

l

tan 60° =

3.7

x

.

6. Height = 94.64 m, Distance = 109.3 m

Hint:

tan 45° =

QM

YM

⇒ YM = QM

But XP = YM

∴ XP = QM

tan 60° =

40 + QM

QM

.

7. Let BD be the tower of

height h m and CD be

the pole. In right-angled

triangle ABD,

tan 45° =

BD

AB

⇒ 1 =

AB

h

⇒ AB = h

In right-angled triangle ABC,

tan 60° =

BC

AB

⇒

3

=

BD + CD

AB

⇒

5 h +

h

=

3

⇒ h =

−

5

3 1

⇒ h =

−

5

1.732 1

⇒ h = 6.83 m.

8. Let the chimney be AB with base B and

anyone is walking from the point C to D.

In ∆ABD, ∠B = 90° and ∠D = 45°

∴∠DAB = 45° ⇒ BD = BA ...(i)

In right angled ∆ABC,

tan 30° =

AB

BC

⇒

1

3

AB

CD + BD

⇒

1

3

=

AB

50 + AB

[Using equation (i)]

⇒ 3 AB = 50 + AB

212 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

⇒ AB =

3 1 50

×

3 –1 3 1

+

+

=

( )

+ 50 3 1

2

⇒ AB = 25

( )

+ 3 1 = 25 (1.732 + 1)

= 68.30 m.

WORKSHEET– 58

1. (A) ∠ACB = ∠XAC = 45°

sin (∠ACB) =

20

x

and tan (∠ACB) =

20

y

⇒ x = 20 2 m and y = 20 m.

2. (D) tan 60° =

20

h

.

⇒

3

=

20

h

⇒ h = 20 3 m.

3. Let the length of

shadow of pol e

AB be BC = x, then

AB = x.

Also let θ be the

angle of elevation of

Sun's altitude.

In right-angled

triangle ABC,

tan θ =

x

x

⇒ θ = 45°

Hence the angle of elevation of the Sun's

altitude is 45°.

4. Let the angle of

elevation be θ. Let

the observer be AB

with his eye at A

and the tower be

EC.

∴CD= AB = 1.5 m

ED= 30 – 1.5 = 28.5 m

And AD= BC = 28.5 m

In right-angled ∆ADE,

tan θ =

DE 28.5

1

AD 28.5

⇒ θ = 45°.

5. Let the balloon be at the point O, the thread

be OA and the required height be OB.

Case I. The cable is inclined at 60°.

⇒ sin 60° =

OB

OA

⇒

3

2

=

OB

215

⇒ OB =

215 3

2

=

215 × 1.732

2

= 186.19 m.

Case II. The cable is inclined at 60° – 15°

= 45°

sin 45° =

OB

OA

⇒

1 OB

215 2

⇒ OB = ×

215 2 215 2

2 2 2

=

215 × 1.414

2

= 152 m (approx.)

So, reduced height = 186.19 m – 152 m

= 34.19 m.

6. Let AB is a hill and C and D be two city

centres subject to the angles of elevation

of the top A of hill AB at C and D are 30°

and 60° respectively, then ∠ACB = 30°,

∠ADB = 60°, AC = 9 km.

In right-angled ∆ABC,

sin 30° =

AB

9

⇒ AB = 9 × sin 30° = 9 ×

1

2

= 4.5

In right-angled ∆ABD, we have

sin 60° =

AB

AD

⇒ AD = AB cosec 60°

⇒ AD = 4.5 ×

2

3

=

9 × 3

3 × 3

= 3 3 = 3 × 1.732

= 5.196 ≈ 5.20 km.

213 E M O S C I L P P A A T I O N S O F N O G I R T O ...

3. True.

tan C =

AB

BC

=

h

x

If AB =

11

10

h

and BC =

11

10

x

Then, tan C =

AB

BC

=

h

x

.

4. Let the height of the

tower CD be y metres

and the horizontal

distance of point A

from the building BC

is AB = x metres.

In right-angled triangle

ABC,

tan 45° =

20

x

⇒ x = 20 m

Also, in right-angled triangle ABD,

tan 60° =

+ 20 y

x

⇒

20 3

= 20 + y

⇒ y =

( )

20 3 1 − m

Thus, the height of the tower is

( )

− 20 3 1

m.

5.

( )

7 3 1 + m

Hint: tan 45° =

AE

EC

⇒ EC = 7m

tan 60° =

DE

EC

.

6. Let the width of the river be AC such that

AC = AB + BC

Let P be the point on the bridge such that

BP = 3m.

7. Let the ladder and the

wall upto which the

ladder reaches be AC and

BC respectively.

(a) In ∆ABC,

sin 30° =

BC

AC

⇒

1

2

=

BC

4

⇒ BC = 2 m.

(b) Also, cos 30° =

AB

AC

3

2

=

AB

4

⇒ AB =

2 3

m.

8. 2 m

Hint: h = height of pedestal

tan 45° =

h

x

⇒ x = h

tan 60° =

1.46 h +

h

.

WORKSHEET– 59

1. (B) In ∆ABC,

tan A=

BC

AB

⇒ tan A=

BC

3 BC

(

.

.

.

AB = 3 BC)

tan A=

1

3

= tan 30°

∴ Angle of elevation is 30°.

2. (C) In ∆ABC,

tan 60° =

AB

BC

⇒

3

=

30

BC

BC =

30

3

, ∴ BC = 10 3 m.

214 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

In right-angled triangle ABP,

tan 30° =

3

AB

⇒ AB = 3 3 m

Also in ∆CBP, tan 45° =

3

BC

⇒ BC = 3 m

Now, AC = AB + BC= 3 3 + 3 = 3( 3 + 1) m

Hence, width of the river is 3(

3

+ 1) m.

7. Let the tower be BC the flagstaff

be AB and the point on the plane

be P.

Let BC = h

In right-angled ∆BCP,

tan 30° =

PC

h

⇒ PC = h cot 30° ...(i)

In right-angled ∆ACP,

tan 60° =

5+

PC

h

⇒ PC = (5 + h) cot 60° ...(ii)

Comparing equations (i) and (ii), we have

h cot 30° = (5 + h) cot 60°

⇒

3 h

= (5 + h)

1

3

⇒ 3h = 5 + h

⇒ h = 2.5

Hence, the height of the tower is 2.5 m.

OR

Let the two planes be at A and B respectively.

Also P be the point on the ground

In right-angled triangle APC,

tan 30° =

3125

PC

⇒ PC = 3125 3 m

Also in right-angled triangle BPC,

tan 60° =

BC

PC

⇒ BC = 3125 3 × 3 = 3 × 3125

∴ AB = BC − AC = 3 × 3125 – 3125

= 2 × 3125 = 6250 m.

Hence, distance between the two planes is

6250 m.

8. Let the tower be PQ and the objects be A

and B.

∵ ∠XQA= 45°

and ∠XQB = 60°

∴ ∠QAP = 45°

and ∠QBP = 60°

(Alternate angles)

In right ∆APQ,

∠PAQ + ∠PQA= 90°

⇒∠PQA = 90° – 45° = 45° (∵∠PAQ = 45°)

∴ AP = PQ = 150 (∵ PQ = 150 m)

⇒ AB + BP = 150 ...(i)

In right ∆BPQ,

tan 60° =

PQ

BP

⇒

3

150

BP

⇒ BP =

150

3

...(ii)

Putting BP =

150

3

in equation (i), we get

AB +

150

3

= 150 ⇒ AB = 150

¸ _

¸ ,

1

1 –

3

⇒ AB = 150 ×

3 –1

3

×

3

3

= 50 ×

( )

3 – 3

= 50 (3 – 1.73) = 50 × 1.27

⇒ AB = 63.50 m

Thus, distance between the two objects is

63.50 m.

WORKSHEET – 60

1. (C) tan 45° =

OP

PQ

=

QP

a

⇒ 1 =

QP

a

⇒ QP = a m

∴ ar(∆OPQ) =

1

2

× QP × OP

=

1

2

× a × a =

1

2

a

2

.

215 E M O S C I L P P A A T I O N S O F N O G I R T O ...

2. (B) tan 60° =

TP

PO

⇒

3

=

TP

40

⇒ TP = 40 3 m.

3. True

tan 30° =

AB

BC

⇒

1

3

=

AB

81

⇒ AB =

81

3

=

81 3

3

⇒ AB =

81×1.732

3

= 46.76 m.

4. Let the height of the pole AB = x m

Length of the rope AC = 20 m

In ∆ABC,

∠ACB = 30º

∴ sin 30° =

AB

AC

⇒

1

2

=

20

x

⇒ x = 10 m

∴ Height of the pole = 10 m.

5. Let the tree be PQ, the width of the river be

MP and the person moves from M to S.

In right ∆PQS,

tan 45° =

PQ

PS

⇒ 1 =

PQ

PS

⇒ PS = PQ

⇒ PM + MS = PQ

⇒ PM + 40 = PQ ...(i)

In right ∆PQM,

tan 60° =

PQ

PM

⇒

PQ

3

PM

⇒ PQ= 3 PM ...(ii)

From equations (i) and (ii),

PM + 40 = 3 PM

⇒ PM=

3 + 1 40

×

3 – 1 3 + 1

⇒ PM=

( )

20 3 + 1 ... (iii)

From equations (ii) and (iii),

PQ =

( ) ( )

3 × 20 3 + 1 20 3 + 3

Hence height of the tree and the width of the

river are

( )

20 3 + 3 m and

( )

20 3 + 1 m

respectively.

6. 6.34 m

Hint: tan 45° =

1 2 +

15

y y

y

1

+ y

2

= 15 …(i)

tan 30° =

1

15

y

⇒ y

1

=

15

3

…(ii)

∴ y

2

= 15 − y

1

= 6.34 m.

7. Distance = 17.32 m, Height = 40 m

Hint: tan 30° =

10

x

⇒ x = 10 3 m

tan 60° =

10 3

y

⇒ y = 30 m.

8. Let the plane moves from P to Q in 30

seconds and the points H and K on the

ground be just below the points P and Q

respectively.

In right ∆AQK,

tan 30° =

QK

AK

⇒

1

3

3600 3

AK

216 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

⇒ AK = 10800 ...(i)

In right ∆APH,

tan 60° =

PH

AH

⇒

3

=

3600 3

AH

[∵ PH = QK = 3600 3]

⇒ AH= 3600 ...(ii)

Now, PQ= HK = AK – AH

⇒ PQ= 10800 – 3600

[Using (i) and (ii)]

⇒ PQ= 7200

∵ Speed =

Distance travelled

Time

∴ Speed =

PQ 7200

=

30 30

= 240 m/s =

3600

240 ×

1000

km/h

= 864 km/h.

WORKSHEET– 61

1. (A) tan C =

AB

BC

⇒ tan C =

AB

AB

(∵ BC = AB)

⇒ tan C = 1 = tan 45°

⇒ C = 45°.

2. (D) tan C =

AB

BC

⇒ tan 60° =

15

BC

⇒

3

=

15

BC

⇒ BC =

15

3

⇒ BC = 5 3 m.

3. False.

Let height of the tower is h metres so the

angle of elevation is 30°.

tan 30° =

BC

h

⇒

1

3

=

BC

h

⇒ BC = h 3 ... (i)

When height = 2h,

tan θ =

AB

BC

⇒ tan θ =

2

3

h

h

[From (i)]

⇒ tan θ =

2

3

≠ tan 60°.

4. Let AB be the ladder leaning against a wall

OB such that ∠OAB = 60° and OA = 9.6 m.

In ∆OAB right angled at O, we have

cos 60° =

OA

AB

⇒ AB =

OA

cos 60°

⇒ AB =

9.6

0.5

= 19.2 m.

5. Let the point, cloud and reflection of the

cloud be at P, Q and Q′ respectively.

Let PM = x, QM = y

We have to find QB, i.e., y + h

In right-angled triangle QPM,

tan α =

y

x

⇒ x =

α tan

y

…(i)

217 E M O S C I L P P A A T I O N S O F N O G I R T O ...

Also in right-angled triangle Q′PM,

tan β =

+ 2 y h

x

⇒

tan

tan

y β

α

= y + 2h

[From equation (i)]

⇒ y

¸ _ β

−

α

¸ ,

tan

1

tan

= 2h

⇒ y + h = h

2 tan

1

tan tan

1 α

+

1

β − α

¸ ]

=

( ) tan tan

tan tan

h β + α

β − α

.

Hence proved.

6. Hint:

ED = AC = length of ladder = l (say)

Now, cos α =

BC y

l

, sin α =

+ b x

l

,

cos β =

+ y a

l

, sin β =

x

l

,

Consider,

cos cos

sin sin

α− β

β− α

=

y y a

l l

x b x

l l

+

−

+

−

=

a

b

−

−

=

a

b

.

7. 250 m

Hint: tan α =

h

x

=

5

7

tan β =

+ 150

h

x

=

1

2

.

8. Let the tower, the flagstaff

and the point on the plane

be AB, BC and P respec-

tively.

Let AB = y and AP = x

In ∆ABP,

tan α =

y

x

⇒

1

x

=

α tan

y

...(i)

In ∆ACP,

tan β =

+ h y

x

⇒

1

x

=

β

+

tan

h y

...(ii)

From equations (i) and (ii), we have

α tan

y

=

β

+

tan

h y

⇒y tan β = h tan α + y tan α

⇒ y (tan β – tan α) = h tan α

⇒ y =

α

β α

tan

tan – tan

h

. Hence proved.

WORKSHEET– 62

1. (C) sin 30° =

AB

AC

⇒

1

2

AB

15

⇒ AB =

15

2

m.

2. (B) tan C =

AB

BC

=

3

h

h

⇒ tan θ =

1

3

= tan 30°

⇒ θ = 30°.

218 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

3. True.

As tan θ =

AB

BC

⇒ tan θ =

AB

AB

(∵ AB = BC)

⇒ tan θ = 1 = tan 45°

∴ θ = 45°.

4. Let AB be the tower and C be the point on

the ground.

In ∆ABC,

tan 30° =

AB

BC

⇒

1

3

=

AB

30

⇒ AB =

30

3

= 10 3 m.

Hence, the height of the tower is 10 3 m.

5. Let the height (PQ) of mountain be h km.

In right-angled ∆ABC,

sin 30° =

BC

1

⇒ BC =

1

2

km

⇒ DP =

1

2

km …(i)

Also, cos 30° =

AB

1

⇒ AB =

3

2

km …(ii)

Similarly, from right-angled ∆APQ,

AP = PQ = h …(iii)

And from right-angled ∆CDQ,

3

=

DQ

CD

⇒

3

=

−

−

DP

AB

h

h

[From (iii)]

⇒

3

=

1

2

3

2

h

h

−

−

[From (i) and (ii)]

⇒ h =

1

3 1 −

=

3 1

2

+

= 1.366 km.

6. Let the aero-

plane' s first

situation be at

A and second

at B. Let the

point of obser-

vation be at O.

From right-angled ∆AOD,

tan 45° =

AD

OD

⇒ OD = 3000 m

Again from right-angled ∆BOC,

tan 30° =

3000

3000 +DC

⇒ DC = 3000 ( )

− 3 1

m

Now speed of the plane

=

Distance

Time

=

( )

3000 3 1

15

−

[ ] DC AB = ∵

= 146.42 m/sec

7. Let the height of

the tower PQ and

the width of the

canal AP be h and

x respectively.

Let the another

point be B such that

AB = 20 m

In right ∆APQ,

tan 60° =

h

x

h = 3 x ...(i)

In right ∆BPQ,

tan 30° =

+ 20

h

x

219 E M O S C I L P P A A T I O N S O F N O G I R T O ...

⇒ h 3 = 20 + x ... (ii)

From equations (i) and (ii), we have

3 x × 3 = 20 + x ⇒ 2x = 20

⇒ x = 10

Substitute x = 10 in equation (i) to get

h = 10 3

Hence, the height of the tower is 10 3 m

and the width of the canal is 10 m.

8. Let O be centre of

the balloon of radius

r and P the eye of

the observer. Let PA,

PB be tangents from

P to the balloon.

Then,

∠APB = α

.

.

. ∠APO = ∠BPO=

2

α

.

.

. OL ⊥ PX, ∠OPL = β

.

.

. In ∆OAP, sin

2

α

=

OA

OP

⇒ OP = r cosec

2

α

In ∆OPL, sin β =

OL

OP

⇒ OL = r cosec

2

α

sin β.

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 9

1. (C) Given:

AB : BC = 1 :

1

3

i.e., AB : BC =

3 : 1

i.e.,

AB

BC

=

3

1

∴ tan θ =

AB

BC

=

3

= tan 60°

⇒ θ = 60°.

2. (A) sin 30° =

BC

AB

⇒

1

2

=

BC

5

⇒ BC =

5

2

m.

3. Wire is AB.

CE = BD = 14 m.

AE = AC + CE

⇒ 20 = AC + 14

⇒ AC = 6 m

In ∆ABC, ∠C = 90°,

sin 30° =

6

AB

⇒

1

2

=

6

AB

⇒ AB = 12 m.

4. False, because the tangent of the angle of

elevation doubles not

the angle of elevation.

5. BC is the multi-storeyed

building with the foot

B and the top C as the

point of observation.

AD is the building with

bottom A and the top D. Draw DE ¦¦ AB

(see figure).

Given angles are ∠XCD = 30° and

∠XCA = 45°. ∠CDE and ∠XCD are alternate

interior angles.

∴ ∠CDE = ∠XCD = 30°.

Similarly, ∠CAB = ∠XCA = 45°

BE = AD = 8 m

In right triangle ABC,

tan 45° =

CE+BE

AB

⇒ 1 =

CE+8

AB

⇒ AB = CE + 8 ...(i)

Also, in right triangle DCE,

tan 30° =

CE

DE

⇒

1

3

=

CE

AB

(∵ DE = AB)

⇒ AB = 3 CE ...(ii)

220 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

From equations (i) and (ii), we get

( )

3 – 1

CE = 8

⇒ CE =

8 3 + 1

×

3 – 1 3 + 1

=

8 ×(1.73 + 1)

3 – 1

= 10.92 m.

Substituting CE = 10.92 in (i), we get

AB = 10.92 + 8 = 18.92 m

Further, BC = BE + CE = 8 + 10.92

= 18.92 m

Hence, the height of the multi-storyed

building and the distance between the two

buildings is 18.92 metres each.

6. Let AB be the first tower

with bottom A and CD

be the second tower

with bottom C.

BE = 80 m

CD = 160 m

AB = CE

∵ XD || BE and BD is the transversal

∴ ∠DBE = ∠XDB = 30°

In right triangle BDE,

tan 30° =

DE

BE

=

CD– CE

BE

⇒

1

3

=

160 – AB

80

⇒ 160 – AB =

80

3

⇒ AB = 160 –

80 80 3

160 –

3 3

=

=

480 – 80 3

3

=

480 – 80 × 1.732

3

= 113.81

Hence, the height of the first tower is 113.81

metres.

7. Let the lower window, upper window and

the balloon be at A, B and C respectively.

AB = AD = EF = FG = 2 m ...(i)

BG = AF ...(ii)

In right triangle BCG,

tan 30° =

CG

BG

⇒

1

3

=

CG

BG

⇒ CG =

1

3

BG

...(iii)

In right triangle ACF,

⇒ tan 60° =

CF

AF

⇒

3

=

CG+2

BG

[Using (i) and (ii)]

⇒ BG =

CG+2

3

...(iv)

From equations (iii) and (iv),

CG =

1

3

×

CG+2

3

⇒ 3CG = CG + 2

⇒ CG = 1 ...(v)

Now, CE = CG + FG + EF

= 1 + 2 + 2 [Using (i) and (v)]

= 5

Hence, the height of the balloon is 5 metres.

8. Let the tower be AB, the flagstaff BC and

the point on the plane P.

Let AB = y and AP = x

In ∆PAB,

tan α =

AB

AP

=

y

x

...(i)

In ∆PAC,

tan β =

AC

AP

⇒ tan β =

+ h y

x

...(ii)

221 E M O S C I L P P A A T I O N S O F N O G I R T O ...

From equations (i) and (ii),

x =

α tan

y

=

+

β tan

h y

⇒

α tan

y

=

β tan

h

+

β tan

y

⇒

¸ _

α β

¸ ,

1 1

–

tan tan

y =

β tan

h

⇒

β α

α β

tan – tan

tan tan

y =

β tan

h

⇒ y =

α

β α

tan

tan – tan

h

Hence, the height of the tower AB is

α

β α

tan

tan – tan

h

.

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 10

1. (A) cos 45° =

10 2

AC

⇒

1

2

10 2

AC

⇒ AC = 20 m.

2. (B) ∠YAM = ∠XYA = 45°; tan 45° =

25

AM

⇒ AM = 25 m

Time =

25

5

= 5 seconds.

3. Let the kite be at A and the thread AB.

AC = 75 m;

∠ABC = 60°

sin 60° =

AC

AB

⇒

3

2

=

75

AB

⇒ AB = ×

150 3

3 3

= 50 3 = 50 × 1.732

⇒ AB = 86.6

⇒ The length of the string to the nearest

metre is 87 metres.

4. False, the angle of elevation will remain

unchanged if the height of the tower is

increased by 10% too.

5. Let the trucks be at A

and B; the balloon at P

and the vertical line PQ.

∠XPA = 45°

∠XPB = 60°

∠PAQ and

∠PBQ are alternate

interior angles with

∠XPA and ∠XPB respectively.

∴ ∠PAQ = 45° and ∠PBQ = 60°

In right ∆PAQ,

tan 45° =

PQ

AQ

⇒ 1 =

PQ

100 + BQ

⇒ BQ= PQ – 100 ...(i)

In right ∆PBQ,

tan 60° =

PQ

BQ

⇒

3

=

PQ

BQ

⇒ PQ= 3 BQ = 3 (PQ – 100)

[Using (i)]

⇒ PQ

( )

3 – 1 = 100 3

⇒ PQ=

100 3

3 – 1

⇒ PQ=

100 3

3 – 1

×

+

+

3 1

3 1

= 50

( )

3 3 +

Therefore, height of the balloon is

50

( )

+ 3 3 metres.

6. Let P be the point on the bridge; A and B

are the two points on the opposite banks of

the river such that AB is the width of the

river. ∠X

1

PA = 45°, ∠X

2

PB = 30°.

Draw PC ⊥ AB to meet AB at C.

∠PAB = ∠X

1

PA

= 45°

∠PBA= ∠X

2

PB

= 30°.

222 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

In right ∆ PAC,

tan 45° =

PC

AC

⇒ 1 =

30

AC

⇒ AC = 30

In right ∆PBC,

tan 30° =

PC

CB

⇒

1

3

=

30

CB

⇒ CB =

30 3

Now, AB = AC + CB = 30 + 30

3

= 30 + 30 × 1.732

= 30 + 51.96 = 81.96

Hence the width of the river is 81.96 metres.

7. Let the wall be AM.

Let the ladder changes its position from

AB to A′B′. Let the length of the ladder be

l such that

AB = A′B′ = l

Let BM= y and

A′M= z

In right triangle

ABM,

sin α =

AM

AB

⇒ sin α =

+

3

x

z

l

⇒ 3 sin α =

+3 x z

l

...(i)

And cos α =

BM

AB

⇒ cos α =

y

l

...(ii)

Add equations (i) and (ii) to get

3sin α + cos α =

+ +3 x y z

l

...(iii)

In right triangle A′B′M,

sin β =

′

′ ′

AM

AB

=

z

l

⇒ 3 sin β =

3z

l

...(iv)

And cos β =

′

′ ′

B M

A B

=

+ x y

l

...(v)

Add equations (iv) and (v) to get

3sin β + cos β =

+ +3 x y z

l

...(vi)

Divide equation (iii) by equation (vi) to get

α+ α

β+ β

3sin cos

3sin cos

= 1. Hence proved.

8. Let the observer be at P on the ground.

When the plane is at A vertically above C,

∠APC = 60°.

When the plane is at B vertically above D,

∠BPD = 30°.

AC = BD = 1.2 km = 1200 metres.

AB = CD

In right triangle APC,

⇒ tan 60° =

AC

PC

⇒ PC =

AC

tan60°

=

1200

3

In right triangle BPD,

tan 30° =

BD

PD

=

BD

PC+CD

⇒

1

3

=

+

1200

1200

AB

3

⇒

1200

3

+ AB = 1200 3

⇒ AB = 1200 3 –

1200

3

⇒ AB =

2

1200 ×

3

AB =

800 × 3

metres

223 E M O S C I L P P A A T I O N S O F N O G I R T O ...

Speed =

Distance travelled AB

Time 15sec

=

800 3 m

15sec

=

1

800 3 km

1000

15

h

60 60

×

×

=

800 3 60 60

1000 15

× × ×

×

km/h

= 192 3 km/h = 192 × 1.73 km/h

= 332.16 km/h

Hence, the aeroplane is flying at a speed of

332.16 km/hr.

CHAPTER TEST

1. (A) From the adjoin-

ing figure, angle of

depression of P is

∠XOP = α and angle

of depression of Q is

∠XOQ = 90° – β.

2. (B) tan 30° =

20 3

h

⇒ h = 20 m.

3. Let the tower be BC and the length of

shadow be AB.

tan 60° =

BC

AB

⇒

3

=

20

AB

⇒ AB =

20

3

m

⇒ AB =

20 3

3

m.

4. True, because the vertical tower, length of

the shadow and the ray of the sun make a

right angled isosceles triangle.

5. Let the ships be at A and B; and the tower

be PQ.

∠PAQ = ∠XPA = 30°

∠PBQ = ∠XPB = 45°

In right ∆ BPQ,

∵ ∠PBQ = 45°, ∴ ∠BPQ = 45°

⇒ BQ = PQ = 75 ...(i)

In right ∆ PAQ,

tan 30° =

PQ

AB + BQ

⇒ AB + 75 = 75 3 [Using (i)]

⇒ AB =

( )

75 3 – 1 m.

6. 8 3 m

Hint: A′C = AC

cos 30° =

8

AC

tan 30° =

BC

8

.

7. Let the window be

at P and height of

the opposite house

be h.

In right ∆APQ,

tan 45° =

60

AQ

⇒ AQ = 60 ⇒ BP = 60

In right ∆BCP,

tan 60° =

– 60

60

h

⇒

60 3

= h – 60

⇒ h = 60 +

60 3

= 60

( )

1 3 +

Thus, the required height is 60

( )

1 3 + m.

224 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

8. Let the cloud be at C, the point of

observation be at P and the reflection of

the cloud in the lake be at D. Let Q be any

point just below the cloud, 60 m above the

water level.

In right ∆CPQ,

tan 30° =

CQ

PQ

⇒

1

3

=

– 60

PQ

h

⇒ PQ=

( ) 3 – 60 h ...(i)

In right ∆DPQ,

tan 60° =

+60

PQ

h

⇒ PQ=

+60

3

h

...(ii)

Using equations (i) and (ii), we have

⇒ ( ) 3 – 60 h =

+60

3

h

⇒ 3h – 180 = h + 60

⇒ h = 120

Hence, height of the cloud is 120 metres.

❑❑

225

B O R P T I L I B A Y

6

Chapter

PROBABILITY

WORKSHEET– 66

1. (C) Sample space: {HH, HT, TH, TT}

Favourable events: {HT, TH}

∴ Required probability =

2 1

=

4 2

.

2. (D) Probability of non-happening of an

event = 1 – Probability of happening of

that event

=

3

1

7

− =

4

7

.

3. (C) Sample space is {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} and

favourable events are {2, 3, 5}

∴ Required probability =

3

6

=

1

2

.

4. No, because the number of favourable out-

comes of getting ‘6’ and ‘not 6’ are respecti-

vely 1 and 5; and so their probabilities are

1

6

and

5

6

.

5. Sample space: {1, 2, 3, ......... ,99}

∴ n(S) = 99.

The numbers divisible by 3 and 5 both are

numbers divisible by 15.

So, favourable outcomes are: {15, 30, 45, 60,

75, 90}

Let E be the event getting a number

divisible by 3 and 5.

∴ n(E) = 6

∴ P(E) =

(E) 6 2

(S) 99 33

n

n

= = .

6. (i)

1

23

(ii)

5

46

Hints:

(i) Prime numbers are 5 and 7.

(ii) Perfect square numbers are

9, 16, 25, 36, 49.

7. Let A = The event that 5 will not come up

either time.

Now sample space is given by

S ={(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5),

(1, 6), (2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5),

(2, 6), (3, 1), (3, 2), (3, 3), (3, 4),

(3, 5), (3, 6), (4, 1), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4),

(4, 5), (4, 6), (5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4),

(5, 5), (5, 6), (6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3), (6, 4),

(6, 5), (6, 6)}

Total number of outcomes in sample space

n(S) = 36

∴

A

= {(1, 5), (2, 5), (3, 5), (4, 5),

(5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4),

(5, 5), (5, 6), (6, 5)}

∴ n( )

A = 11

∴ n(A) = n(S) – n

( )

A = 36 – 11 = 25

(i) P(A) =

(A)

(S)

n

n

=

25

36

(ii) P( )

A =

(A)

(S)

n

n

=

11

36

.

8. Total number of marbles = 5 + 8 + 4 = 17

i.e., n(S) = 17

(i) Let E

1

be the event ‘a red marble is

taken out’.

∴ n(E

1

) = 5

Now, P(E

1

) =

1

(E ) 5

(S) 17

n

n

= .

(ii) Let E

2

be the event ‘a white marble is

taken out’.

∴ n(E

2

) = 8

Now, P(E

2

) =

2

(E ) 8

(S) 17

n

n

= .

(iii) Let E

3

be the event ‘a non-green marble

is taken out’.

∴ n(E

3

) = 17 – 4 = 13

Now, P(E

3

) =

3

(E ) 13

=

(S) 17

n

n

.

226 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

9. The sample space is

S = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8}

∴ n(S) = 8

(i) Let E

1

be the event that the arrow will

point at 8, then

n(E

1

) = 1

∴ P(E

1

) =

1

(E )

(S)

n

n

=

1

8

.

(ii) Let E

2

be the event that the arrow will

point at 1, 3, 5 or 7; then

n(E

2

) = 4

∴ P(E

2

) =

2

(E ) 4 1

= =

(S) 8 2

n

n

.

(iii) Let E

3

be the event that the arrow will

point at 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8; then

n(E

3

) = 6

∴ P(E

3

) =

3

(E ) 6 3

= =

(S) 8 4

n

n

.

(iv) Let E

4

be the event that the arrow will

point at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8; then

n(E

4

) = 8

∴ P(E

4

) =

4

(E )

(S)

n

n

=

8

8

= 1.

WORKSHEET– 67

1. (Α)

Hint: Outcomes in favourable event of

getting the sum as a perfect square are

(1, 3), (2, 2), (3, 1), (3, 6), (4, 5), (5, 4), (6, 3).

2. (D)

Hint: |x| ≤ 4 ⇒ – 4 ≤ x ≤ 4

⇒ x = – 4, – 3, – 2, – 1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4.

3. (B) P(getting a number less than 3)

=

2 1

6 3

= .

4. No, because the theoretical probability of

getting a head on tossing a coin is

1

2

and

the experimental probability tends to

1

2

when the number of tosses increases.

OR

n(S) = 100

Let E be the event of getting a prime.

The primes from 1 to 100 are:

2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41,

43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 97.

∴ n(E) = 25

Now, P(E) =

(E) 25 1

(S) 100 4

n

n

= = .

5. Let S be the sample space and E be the

event that the sum of numbers appearing

on the dice is a prime.

∴ E = {(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 4), (1, 6), (2, 1),

(2, 3), (2, 5), (3, 2), (3, 4), (4, 1), (4, 3),

(5, 2), (5, 6), (6, 1), (6, 5)}

∴ n(E) = 15, n(S) = 36

Now, P(E) =

(E)

(S)

n

n

=

15

36

.

6. The sample space is

S = {HH, HT, TH, TT}

∴ n(S) = 4

(i) The outcomes for at least one head:

{HH, HT, TH}

∴ Probability (at least one head) =

3

4

.

(ii) The outcomes for at most one head:

{HT, TH, TT}

∴ Probability (at most one head) =

3

4

.

(iii) The outcomes for one head: {HT, TH}

∴ Probability (one head) =

2

4

=

1

2

.

OR

Total number of students = 23

∴ n(S) = 23

Let E be the event that the selected student

is not from A, B and C.

∴ n(E) = 23 – 4 – 8 – 5 = 6

Now, P(E) =

(E) 6

(S) 23

n

n

= .

227

B O R P T I L I B A Y

7. All possible outcomes are

(1 × 1), (1 × 4), (1 × 9), (2 × 1), (2 × 4), (2 × 9),

(3 × 1), (3 × 4), (3 × 9),

i.e., 1, 4, 9, 2, 8, 18, 3, 12, 27.

∴ n(S) = 9

∴ n(favourable outcomes) = 5

Hence, probability (xy is less than 9) =

5

9

.

8. Let S be the sample space, then

n(S) = 52

(i) Let E

1

be the event that the card drawn

is neither a hearts nor a king.

Number of hearts = 13

Number of kings = 4

But one king is of hearts.

∴ n(E

1

) = 52 – 13 – 4 + 1 = 36

Now, P(E

1

) =

1

(E )

(S)

n

n

=

36

52

=

9

13

.

(ii) Let E

2

be the event that the card drawn

is an ace of spades.

Since number of ace of spades is 1

∴ n(E

2

) = 1

∴P(E

2

) =

1

52

(iii) Let E

3

be the event that the card drawn

is either a black card or a king.

Number of black cards

= Sum of numbers

of cards of clubs

and spades

= 13 + 13 = 26

Number of kings = 4

But 2 kings are black

∴ n(E

3

) = 26 + 4 – 2 = 28

∴ P(E

3

) =

28 7

52 13

= .

9. Number of outcomes in sample space

n(S) = 6

2

= 36

(i) Favourable outcomes are

E

1

= {(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 4), (1, 6),

(2, 1), (2, 3), (2, 5), (3, 2), (3, 4),

(4, 1), (4, 3), (5, 2), (5, 6), (6, 1),

(6, 5)}

∴ n(E

1

) = 15 ∴ P(E

1

) =

15

36

=

5

12

.

(ii) Favourable outcomes are

E

2

= {(4, 6), (5, 5), (5, 6), (6, 4), (6, 5),

(6, 6)}

∴ n(E

2

) = 6 ∴ P(E

2

) =

6

36

=

1

6

.

(iii) Favourable outcomes are

E

3

= (2, 2), (4, 4), (6, 6)

∴ n(E

3

) = 3 ∴ P(E

3

) =

3 1

=

36 12

.

(iv) Favourable outcomes are

E

4

= {(2, 3), (2, 6), (4, 3), (4, 6), (6, 3),

(6, 6), (3, 2), (3, 6), (3, 4), (6, 4), (6, 2)}

∴ n(E

4

) = 11 ∴ P(E

4

) =

11

36

.

WORKSHEET– 68

1. (C)

Hint: Sample space is {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} and

set of favourable numbers is {2, 4, 6}.

2. (A)

Hint: The sum of probabilities of having a

particular event and not having the same

event is one.

3. (D) Total number of coins

= 100 + 50 + 20 + 10 = 180

So, total number of elementary events

= 180

Favourable number of elementary events

= 180 – 10 = 170

∴Required probability =

170

180

=

17

18

.

4. False, because the probability of each

outcome will be

1

2

only when the two

outcomes are equally likely otherwise not.

5. No, because areas of regions 3, 5 and 7 are

not equal.

6. All possible outcomes are given by

{(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (1, 6),

(2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5), (2, 6),

228 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

(3, 1), (3, 2), (3, 3), (3, 4), (3, 5), (3, 6),

(4, 1), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6),

(5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4), (5, 5), (5, 6),

(6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3), (6, 4), (6, 5), (6, 6)}

(i)

5

36

Hint: Favourable outcomes:

(2, 6), (6, 2), (3, 5), (5, 3), (4, 4).

(ii) 0

Hint: No, favourable outcome is possible.

(iii) 1

Hint: Favourable outcomes are the

same as the outcomes in sample space.

7. Let the number of black balls be x.

So, total number of balls = x + 5

Probability of drawing a black ball is

P

1

=

+ 5

x

x

Also, probability of drawing a red ball is

P

2

=

5

+ 5 x

According to the question, we have

P

1

= 2. P

2

⇒

2 × 5

=

+ 5 + 5

x

x x

⇒ x = 10.

Hence, the number of black balls is 10.

8. Number of all cards = 50 – 5 + 1 = 46

i.e., n(S) = 46

(i ) Let E

1

be the event that the number

on the card taken out is a prime less

than 10.

Prime numbers from 5 to 9 are 5

and 7.

∴ n(E

1

) = 2

∴ P(E

1

) =

1

(E ) 2 1

(S) 46 23

n

n

= = .

(ii ) Let E

2

be the event that the number on

the card taken out is a perfect square.

The perfect square numbers from

5 to 50 are 9, 16, 25, 36 and 49.

∴ n(E

2

) = 5

∴ P(E

2

) =

2

(E )

(S)

n

n

=

5

46

.

9. Number of all possible outcomes,

n(S) = 52

(i ) Number of spades = 13

Number of aces = 4

But 1 ace is of spades.

∴ Number of favourable outcomes

= 13 + 4 – 1 = 16

∴ P(card drawn is a spades or an ace)

=

16

52

=

4

13

.

(ii) Number of red kings = 2

∴ P(card drawn is a red king)

=

2 1

52 26

= .

(iii) Number of kings = 4

Number of queens = 4

∴ Number of favourable outcomes

= 52 – 4 – 4 = 44

∴ P (card drawn is neither a king nor a

queen)

=

44 11

=

52 13

.

(iv) Number of kings = 4

Number of queens = 4

Number of favourable outcomes

= 4 + 4 = 8

∴ P(card drawn is either a king or a

queen) =

8 2

=

52 13

.

ASSESSMENT SHEET – 11

1. (D) We know that probability (P) of any

event can be 0 ≤ P ≤ 1. Therefore,

15

14

> 1

can’t be probability of an event.

2. (B) Let the number of bolts be x. Then

400

x

= 0.035 ⇒ x = 400 × 0.035 ⇒ x = 14.

229

B O R P T I L I B A Y

3. Number of cards = 50

Prime numbers from 51 to 100 are: 53, 59,

61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 97

Therefore, number of all possible outcomes

= 50.

And number of favourable outcomes = 10.

∴ Required probability =

10 1

=

50 5

.

4. True,

Ratio of probabilities

= Ratio of areas of regions a, b and c

= Ratio of areas of corresponding sectors

= Ratio of corresponding angles

= 60° : 120° : 180° = 1 : 2 : 3.

5. A leap year contains 366 days, wherever

52 weeks and 2 days. There are 52

Thursdays in 52 weeks. Therefore, a leap

year consists 52 Thursdays and 2 days.

These two days may be one choice out of

the seven given below:

(i) Thursday and Friday

(ii) Friday and Saturday

(iii) Saturday and Sunday

(iv) Sunday and Monday

(v) Monday and Tuesday

(vi) Tuesday and Wednesday

(vii) Wednesday and Thursday

So, two days are either Thursday and

Friday or Wednesday and Thursday.

Clearly, the number of all possible

outcomes is 7 and the number of favourable

outcomes is 2.

Hence, required probability =

2

7

.

6. Let number of blue marbles= x

Number of green marbles = y

Number of white marbles = z

Therefore, x + y + z = 54

P(selecting a blue marble) =

x

x y z + +

⇒

1

3

=

54

x

⇒ x =

54

= 18

3

P(selecting a green marble) =

y

x y z + +

⇒

4

9

=

54

y

⇒ y =

4×54

9

= 24

Now, substituting x = 18, y = 24 in

x + y + z = 54, we get

18 + 24 + z = 54

⇒ z = 54 – 42

⇒ z = 12

Hence, the jar contains 12 white marbles.

7. Number of blue triangles = 3

Number of red triangles = 8 – 3 = 5

Number of blue squares = 6

Number of red squares = 10 – 6 = 4

Number of all possible outcomes

= 8 + 10 = 18

(i) P(a lost piece is a triangle)

=

8 4

18 9

= .

(ii) P(a lost piece is a square)

=

10 5

18 9

= .

(iii) P(a lost piece is a blue square)

=

6 1

18 3

= .

(iv) P(a lost piece is a red triangle)

=

5

18

.

8. Let E be the event of placing at least one

letter in the wrong envelope. Anyone

envelope can be filled with a letter in 4

ways. Second one can be filled by 3 ways.

Third one can be filled by 2 ways. And the

fourth one can be filled with the remaining

one letter in 1 way. Therefore, the four

letters are placed in the four envelopes in

4 × 3 × 2 × 1 = 24 ways. Out of these 24

230 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

ways, only 1 way is such that all the letters

are placed in the right envelopes and 23

ways are such that at least one letter is

placed in the wrong envelope.

∴ P(E) =

23

24

.

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 12

1. (B) P(getting X or Y)

= P(getting X) + P(getting Y)

=

2 1 3 1

+ = =

6 6 6 2

.

2. (C) Given: P(E) = 3 P(E’) ... (i)

We have P(E) + P(E’) = 1 ... (ii )

(i ) and (ii ) gives P(E) = 3 {1 – P(E)}

i.e., 4 P(E) = 3, i.e., P(E) =

3

4

.

3. The number of outcomes when a pair of

dice is rolled = 6

2

= 36.

The outcomes such that the sum is divisible

by 3 are:

(1, 2), (1, 5), (2, 1), (2, 4), (3, 3), (3, 6), (4, 2),

(4, 5), (5, 1), (5, 4), (6, 3), (6, 6).

These are 12 outcomes.

The outcomes such that the sum is divisible

by 2 are:

(1, 1), (1, 3), (1, 5), (2, 2), (2, 4), (2, 6), (3, 1),

(3, 3), (3, 5), (4, 2), (4, 4), (4, 6), (5, 1), (5, 3),

(5, 5), (6, 2), (6, 4), (6, 6).

These are 18 outcomes.

The outcomes such that the sum is divisible

by 6 are:

(1, 5), (2, 4), (3, 3), (4, 2), (5, 1), (6, 6).

These are 6 outcomes.

Now, the number of outcomes which are

divisible by 3 or 2 is 12 + 18 – 6 = 24.

Hence, the required probability =

24 2

=

36 3

.

4. No.

An unbiased die has six equally likely

outcomes. These are: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.

Each of them has equal probability.

Therefore, the probability of getting 6 is

1

6

and that of not 6 is

5

6

.

5. All possible outcomes are given by

S = {1, 2, 3, ....., 1000}

∴ n(S) = 1000

(i) Let E

1

be the event that the first player

wins a prize. Then,

E

1

= Perfect square numbers

greater than 500 and less

than 1001.

= 529, 576, 625, 676, 729,

784, 841, 900, 961.

∴ n(E

1

) = 9

Now, P(E

1

) =

( )

1

E

(S)

n

n

=

9

1000

(ii ) Let E

2

be the event that the second

player wins a prize, if the first has won.

∴ n(E

2

) = n(E

1

) – 1 = 9 – 1 = 8

And number of all possible outcomes

= n(S) – 1 = 1000 – 1 = 999

Now, P(E

2

) =

2

(E )

999

n

=

8

999

.

6. Let E

1

be the event ‘the mobile phone is

acceptable to Varnika’ and E

2

be the event

‘the mobile phone is acceptable to the

trader’.

∴ n(E

1

) = Number of good mobile

phones

= 42

And n(E

2

) = Number of good mobile

phones + Number of mobile

phones having only minor

defects

= 42 + 3 = 45

Number of all mobile phones is given by

n(S) = 48

(i) P(E

1

) =

1

(E )

(S)

n

n

=

42

48

=

7

8

(ii) P(E

2

) =

2

(E )

(S)

n

n

=

45

48

=

15

16

.

231

B O R P T I L I B A Y

7. When two dice are thrown, the sample

space is given by

S = {(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (1, 6),

(2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5), (2, 6),

(3, 1), (3, 2), (3, 3), (3, 4), (3, 5), (3, 6),

(4, 1), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6),

(5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4), (5, 5), (5, 6),

(6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3), (6, 4), (6, 5), (6, 6)}

∴ n(S) = 36

(i) Let A

1

be the event ‘product of the

numbers on the top of dice is 6’. Then

A

1

= {(1, 6), (2, 3), (3, 2), (6, 1)}

n(A

1

) = 4

∴ P(A

1

) =

1

(A ) 4 1

= =

(S) 36 9

n

n

.

(ii) Let A

2

be the event ‘product of the

numbers on the top of dice is 12’.

Then,

A

2

= {(2, 6), (3, 4), (4, 3), (6, 2)}

∴ n(E

2

) = 4

∴ P(E

2

) =

2

(E )

(S)

n

n

=

4

36

=

1

9

.

(iii) Let A

3

be the event ‘product of the

numbers on the top of dice is 7’. Then,

A

3

= Nil

∴ n(E

3

) = 0

∴ P(E

3

) =

3

(E )

(S)

n

n

=

(0)

36

= 0.

8. On tossing a coin 3 times, all possible

outcomes are given by the sample space as

S = {HHH, HHT, HTH, HTT, THH, THT,

TTH, TTT}

∴ n(S) = 8

(i) Let E

1

be the event of getting all heads,

then

E

1

= {HHH}

∴ n(E

1

) = 1

Now, P(E

1

) =

1

(E )

(S)

n

n

=

1

8

.

(ii) Let E

2

be the event of getting at least

2 heads, then

E

2

= {HHH, HHT, HTH, THH}

∴n(E

2

) = 4

Now, P(E

2

) =

2

(E )

(S)

n

n

=

4

8

=

1

2

.

CHAPTER TEST

1. (B) Number of faces having B or C

= 2 + 1 = 3

Number of all faces = 6

P(getting B or C) =

3 1

=

6 2

.

2. (C) P(drawing a green ball)

= 3 × P(drawing a red ball)

⇒

5 +

n

n

= 3 ×

5

5 n +

⇒ n = 15.

3. (C) The even prime numbers from 1 to 6 is

2 only

∴ P(getting an even prime number) =

1

6

.

4. Case I. 2 dice are thrown.

Number of all outcomes in the sample

space, n(S) = 6

2

= 36

Favourable numbers, n(E

1

) = 1

∴ P(E

1

) =

1

36

Case II. 1 die is thrown.

Number of all outcomes, n(S) = 6

Favourable numbers, n(E

2

) = 1

∴ P(E

2

) =

1

6

So, the student throwing one die has the

better chance because he has more

probability.

OR

The sample space is

S = {HHH, HHT, HTH, HTT, THH, THT,

TTH, TTT}

∴ n(S) = 8

The outcomes having at least two heads are

E = {HHH, HHT, HTH, THH}

∴ n(E) = 4

∴ P(E) =

(E) 4 1

(S) 8 2

n

n

= = .

232 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

5. False, because there are equal probabilities

of getting the head or tail, that is

1

2

.

OR

Total number of outcomes, n(S) = 36

Favourable outcomes,

E = {(2, 6), (3, 5), (4, 4), (5, 3), (6, 2)}

∴ n(E) = 5

∴ P(E) =

5

36

.

6. There are 52 cards in the pack. Therefore,

the number of outcomes in sample space is

given by

n(S) = 52

Number of hearts cards = 13

Number of queens = 4

Number of queens of hearts = 1

So, number of favourable outcomes is given

by

n(E) = 52 – (13 + 4 – 1) = 36

Now, the required probability will be given

by

P(E) =

(E) 36 9

= =

(S) 52 13

n

n

.

7. Area of the rectangular region

= Length × Breadth

= 3 × 2 = 6 m

2

Area of circular region

= π × Radius

2

=

22 1

×

7 4

=

11

14

m

2

Now, required probability

=

Area of circular region

Area of rectangular region

=

11

14

6

=

11

14 6 ×

=

11

84

.

8. (i)

1

2

(ii)

1

4

Hint: A, B, C and D can be arranged in 24

ways. A before B can be arranged in the

following ways:

CADB, DACB, CABD, DABC, ABCD,

ABDC, CDAB, DCAB, ACDB, ADCB,

ACBD, ADBC.

Out of these A just before B occurs in

6 ways.

9. Let the number of white balls be x and the

number of red balls be y.

Therefore,

2

x

=

3

y

⇒ 3x – 2y = 0 ... (i)

and 2(x + y) = 3y + 8

⇒ 2x – y = 8 ... (ii)

Solving equations (i ) and (ii ), we get

x = 16, y = 24

Number of non-red balls = number of white

balls = 16

P(choosing ball is not red)

=

16

16 24 +

=

16

40

=

2

5

.

❑❑

233

O O C M O E G E T E D R I A N T R Y

7

Chapter

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

= ¦ ¦

1

– 5(5 – 5) – 4(5 –7) 4(7 – 5)

2

+

=

1

(0 8 8)

2

+ + = 8 sq. units.

7. Let A(1, 7), B(4, 2), C(−1, −1), D(− 4, 4)

be the vertices.

∴ AB =

( ) ( )

2 2

4 1 2 7 − + − =

34

BC =

( ) ( )

2 2

1 4 1 2 − − + − − =

34

CD =

( ) ( ) − + + +

2 2

4 1 4 1 =

34

AD =

( ) ( )

2 2

4 1 4 7 − − + − =

34

Also,

AC =

( ) ( )

2 2

1 1 1 7 − − + − − =

68

BD =

( ) ( )

2 2

4 4 2 4 + + − =

68

So, AB = BC = CD = AD and diagonals,

i.e., AC = BD.

⇒ ABCD is a square.

8. Draw DE ⊥ AB and join BD.

Since, diagonals of a parallelogram bisect

each other.

∴ Mid-point of AC= Mid-point of BD

⇒

1

2

a +

=

2 – 4

2

{∵ Comparing only x-coordinate}

⇒ 1 + a = – 2

∴ a = – 3.

WORKSHEET–72

1. (C)

Hint: Condition of collinearity must be

satisfied,

i.e., k(− 2 − 4) + 6(4 − 3) + (−3) (3 + 2) = 0

⇒ − 6k + 6 − 15 = 0 ⇒ k =

3

2

−

.

2. (B)

Hint: Let the ratio is k : 1

∴ Using section formula

0 =

5

1

k

k

− +

+

⇒ k = 5.

3. 2 units

Hint: Distance =

2

2

2 8

(2 2)

5 5

¸ _

+ + −

¸ ,

=

10

5

= 2 units.

4. 2

Hint: Use AO = OB and apply distance

formula.

5. P(– 7, 0)

Hint: Any point on x-axis is P(x, 0)

OR

Since, P is equidistant from A and B,

∴ PA = PB ⇒ PA

2

= PB

2

⇒ (x – 3)

2

+ (y – 6)

2

= (x + 3)

2

+ (y – 4)

2

⇒ x

2

– 6x + 9 + y

2

+ 36 – 12y

= x

2

+ 6x + 9 + y

2

– 8y + 16

⇒ – 6x – 6x – 12y + 8y + 9 + 36 – 9 – 16 = 0

⇒ – 12x – 4y + 20 = 0

⇒ 3x + y – 5 = 0. Hence proved.

6. LetA(– 5, 7) ≡ A(x

1

, y

1

); B(– 4, 5) ≡ B(x

2

, y

2

)

and C(4, 5) ≡ C(x

3

, y

3

)

Now, area of ∆ABC

= ¦ ¦

1 2 3 2 3 1 3 1 2

1

( – ) ( – ) ( – )

2

x y y x y y x y y + +

234 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Now,

ar(∆ABD) = ¦ ¦

1

1(3 3) 2(– 3 2) – 4(– 2– 3)

2

+ + +

=

+

1

(6 – 2 20)

2

= 12 ...(i)

Also,

ar(∆ABD) =

1

2

× base × altitude

=

1

2

× AB × DE

=

1

2

×

26

× DE ...(ii)

1

1

¸ ]

2 2

AB = 1 + 5 26 ∵

Comparing equations (i) and (ii), we have

1

2

×

26

× DE = 12 ⇒ DE =

24

26

×

26

26

∴ DE =

12 26

13

Hence, a = – 3 and required height

=

12 26

13

units.

WORKSHEET– 73

1. (B) Let coordinates of A be (x, y).

As O will be mid-point of AB,

∴ 2 =

1

2

x +

⇒ x = 3

and − 3 =

4

2

y +

⇒ y = − 10.

2. (C) Any point on y-axis be (0, y)

∴

( ) ( )

2 2

6 5 y + − =

( ) ( )

2 2

0 4 3 y + + −

⇒ y = 9

∴ Point is (0, 9).

3. (A)

Hint: Let the ratio is k : 1.

Now use section formula.

4. Since diagonals of parallelogram bisect each

other.

∴ Mid-point of AC = mid-point of BD

i.e.,

6 9 1 4

,

2 2

+ +

¸ _

¸ ,

=

8 5

,

2 2

p +

¸ _

¸ ,

⇒

15

2

=

8

2

p +

⇒ p = 7.

OR

Given vertices are:

A(– 3, 0), B(5, – 2) and C(– 8, 5). We know that

centroid G is

1 2 3 1 2 3

,

3 3

y y y x x x + + + +

¸ _

¸ ,

∴ Centroid =

3 5 8 0 2 5

,

3 3

− + − − +

¸ _

¸ ,

= (−2, 1).

5. True, because distance between (6, 4) and

(7, – 2); and distance between (6, 4) and

(5, – 2) are equal.

6. (1, 3)

Hint: Use section formula.

7. Area of triangle

= ( ) ( ) ( )

1 2 3 2 3 1 3 1 2

1

2

x y y x y y x y y 1 − + − + −

¸ ]

=

( ) ( ) ( )

1

2 0 4 1 4 – 3 +2 3 – 0

2

1 + − −

¸ ]

=

1

8 7 6

2

+ + 1

¸ ]

=

21

2

sq. units.

8. As the given points are collinear, the area

of the triangle formed by these points must

be zero.

Let (2, 1) ≡ (x

1

, y

1

); (p, –1) ≡ (x

2

, y

2

); and

(– 1, 3) ≡ (x

3

, y

3

)

Now, area of the triangle = 0

⇒

1

2

[x

1

(y

2

– y

3

) + x

2

(y

3

– y

1

) + x

3

(y

1

– y

2

)] = 0

⇒

1

2

[2(–1 – 3) + p(3

– 1) – 1(1 + 1)] = 0

⇒

1

2

(– 8 + 2p – 2) = 0

⇒ 2p = 10 ⇒ p = 5.

9. Hint: Proceed as done in solved example 5.

235

O O C M O E G E T E D R I A N T R Y

WORKSHEET– 74

1. (D)

Area = ¦ ¦ + + +

1

4(– 6 5) 1(– 5 – 5) – 4(5 6)

2

=

1

(– 4 – 10 – 44) – 29

2

= 29 sq. units.

2. (B) Condition

of collinearity must be satisfied

∴ − 5(p + 2) + 1(−2 − 1) + 4(1 − p) = 0

⇒ −5p − 10 − 3 + 4 − 4p = 0

⇒ p = −1.

3. 2 : 3

Hint: Use section formula.

4. True

Hint: Any point P on x-axis will be of type

P(x, 0)

∴ Let A(7, 6), B(−3, 4)

∴ Use PA = PB.

5. k = – 8

Hint: Using section formula

Coordinates of A

=

1 × 6 + 2 × 3 6 × 1 + 2 × 3

,

3 3

−

¸ _

¸ ,

= (4, 0)

∴ As it lies on 2x + y + k = 0

⇒ 2 × 4 + 0 + k = 0

∴ k = – 8.

6. Let O be the centre and P be the point on

the circumference such that O ≡ (2a, a – 7)

and P ≡ (1, – 9).

Radius = OP =

10 2

2

= 5 2 units

i.e.,

( ) ( ) + +

2 2

2 –1 – 7 9 a a

=

5 2

Squaring both sides, we get

(2a – 1)

2

+ (a + 2)

2

=

( )

2

5 2

⇒ 4a

2

– 4a + 1 + a

2

+ 4a + 4 = 50

⇒ 5a

2

= 45 ⇒ a = ± 3

Thus, a = ± 3.

7. Let the required ratio be k : 1.

Using x =

1 2 2 1

1 2

+

+

m x m x

m m

and y =

1 2 2 1

1 2

+

+

m y m y

m m

, we have

1

2

=

–7 3

1

k

k

+

+

and 6 =

+

+

9 5

1

k

k

⇒ k + 1 = –14k + 6 and 6k + 6 = 9k + 5

⇒ k =

1

3

and k =

1

3

Hence, the required ratio is 1 : 3.

8. Let D = Mid-point of BC

=

7 5 3 7

,

2 2

+ +

¸ _

¸ ,

= (6, 5)

∴ Median AD =

( )

2

2

6 3 0 − +

= 3 units.

9. Hint: Show that all sides are equal.

WORKSHEET– 75

1. (A) Centroid is

1 2 3 1 2 3

,

3 3

x x x y y y + + + +

¸ _

¸ ,

=

3 5 8 0 2 5

,

3 3

− + − − +

¸ _

¸ ,

= (− 2, 1).

2. (C) ar(∆ABC)

= ¦ ¦

1

2(1 2) – 2(– 2 – 3) 3(3 – 1)

2

+ +

=

+ +

1

(6 10 6)

2

= 11 sq. units.

236 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

3. (D) AB =

2 2

(– 2 – 2) (3 – 4) +

= + 16 1

=

17

.

4. Let ratio is k : 1.

∴ Using section formula

2 =

3 2

1

k

k

−

+

; y =

7 2

1

k

k

+

+

⇒ 4 = k ; y =

7 2

1

k

k

+

+

⇒ k = 4 ; y =

( ) 7 4 2

4 1

+

+

= 6

∴ Ratio is 4 : 1; y = 6.

5. True,

∵ Pythagoras Theorem is satisfied.

AB

2

= (– 2)

2

+ (1 – 3)

2

= 4 + 4 = 8

AC

2

= (– 1)

2

+ (4 – 3)

2

= 2

BC

2

= (1)

2

+ (3)

2

= 10

∴ AB

2

+ AC

2

= BC

2

⇒ ∠A = 90°.

6. k = 0, 6

Hint: PQ =

58

⇒ PQ

2

= 58

⇒ (k − 3)

2

+ (2 + 5)

2

= 58

⇒ (k − 3)

2

= 9

⇒ k − 3 = ± 3 ⇒ k = 0 or 6.

7. Let the coordinates of R be (x, y)

Then, x =

× + ×

+

4 2 3 1

4 3

and y =

× + ×

+

4 3 3 2

4 3

⇒ x =

11

7

and y =

18

7

Therefore, the coordinates of R are

¸ _

¸ ,

11 18

,

7 7

.

8. 25 sq. units

Hint: Join SQ.

Find ar(∆PQS)

and ar(∆RQS)

∴ Required area = ar(∆PQS) + ar(∆RQS).

9. Each side of a square and rhombus are

equal, but the diagonals of a square are

equal and that of a rhombus may or may

not equal.

Side PQ = + +

2 2

(3 – 2) (4 1)

= + 1 25 =

26

Side QR =

2 2

(–2– 3) (3 – 4) +

= + 25 1 =

26

Side RS =

2 2

(–3 2) (–2 – 3) + +

= + 1 25 = 26

Side SP =

2 2

(2 3) (–1 2) + + +

= 25 1 + =

26

Diagonal PR =

2 2

(– 2 – 2) (3 1) + +

= 16 16 + = 4 2

Diagonal QS =

2 2

(– 3 – 3) (– 2 – 4) +

= 36 36 + = 6 2

Clearly, the sides are equal but the

diagonals are not equal. Hence, PQRS is a

rhombus but not a square.

WORKSHEET– 76

1. (C) As given points are collinear.

So, a(b − 1) + 0 (1 − 0) + 1 (0 − b) = 0

⇒ ab − a − b = 0

⇒ a + b = ab

237

O O C M O E G E T E D R I A N T R Y

⇒

1 1

a b

+ = 1.

2. (B)

∵ A, B, C are collinear so condition of

collinearity must be satisfied

⇒ x

1

(y

2

– y

3

) + x

2

(y

3

– y

1

) + x

3

(y

1

– y

2

) = 0

⇒ – 1(3 – 3) + (– 5) (3 – p) + 0(p – 3) = 0

⇒ 0 – 15 + 5p = 0

⇒ 5p = 15

p = 3.

3. (A)

Distance =

( ) ( )

2 2

cos sin sin + cos θ − θ + θ θ

= ( )

2 2

2 sin cos θ + θ

=

2

.

4. (A) Let A ≡ (x, – 1) and B ≡ (3, 2).

AB = 5

⇒

+ +

2 2

(3 – ) (2 1) x

= 5

⇒ 9 – 6x + x

2

+ 9 = 25 (On squaring)

⇒ x

2

– 6x – 7 = 0

⇒ (x – 7) (x + 1) = 0 ⇒ x = 7 or –1.

5. False.

As mid-point of AC =

6 9 1 4

,

2 2

+ +

¸ _

¸ ,

=

15 5

,

2 2

¸ _

¸ ,

and mid-point of BD =

8 2 3

,

2 2

p + +

¸ _

¸ ,

∴ Mid-point of AC = Mid-point of BD

⇒

15

2

=

8

2

p +

⇒ p = 7.

6. ar(∆ABD)

=

¦ ¦

1

– 5(– 5 – 5) – 4(5 – 7) 4(7 5)

2

+ +

=

1

(50 8 48)

2

+ + = 53 sq. units.

ar(∆BCD)

= ¦ ¦

1

– 4(–6 – 5) –1(5 5) 4(– 5 6)

2

+ + +

=

1

(44 –10 4)

2

+ = 19 sq. units.

Now, ar(quadrilateral ABCD)

= ar(∆ABD) + ar(∆BCD)

= 53 sq. units + 19 sq. units

= 72 sq. units.

7. Let the points P, Q and R divide AB into four

equal parts AP = PQ= QR = RB as shown

below in the adjoining figure.

Clearly, Q is the mid-point of AB

∴ Q ≡

– 2 2 2 8

,

2 2

+ +

¸ _

¸ ,

i.e., Q ≡ (0, 5)

P is the mid-point of AQ

∴ P ≡

– 2 0 2 5

,

2 2

+ +

¸ _

¸ ,

i.e., P ≡

7

–1,

2

¸ _

¸ ,

and R is the mid-point of QB.

∴ R ≡

0 2 5 8

,

2 2

+ +

¸ _

¸ ,

i.e., R ≡

13

1,

2

¸ _

¸ ,

.

Hence, the required points are P

7

–1,

2

¸ _

¸ ,

,

Q(0, 5) and R

13

1,

2

¸ _

¸ ,

.

238 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

8. Let P(2, – 3) and Q(10, y) be the given

points. Then, PQ = 10

⇒ ( ) ( ) ¦ ¦

2 2

10 2 – –3 y − + 10

⇒

( )

2

64 3 y + + 10

⇒

2

64 9 6 y y + + + 10

Squaring both sides, we get

y

2

+ 6y + 73 100

⇒ y

2

+ 6y – 27 0

⇒ y

2

+ 9y – 3y – 27 0

⇒ y(y + 9) – 3(y + 9) 0

⇒ (y + 9) (y – 3) 0

⇒ y = – 9 or 3.

OR

9

1,

2

¸ _

−

¸ ,

Hint:

R divides AB internally.

i.e. ratio 3 : 1.

Now, use section formula.

9. Let P(x, y), A(7, 1), B(3, 5)

As P is equidistant from A and B

.

.

. PA= PB ⇒ PA

2

= PB

2

⇒ (7 – x)

2

+ (1 – y)

2

= (3 – x)

2

+ (5 – y)

2

⇒ 49 + x

2

– 14x + 1 + y

2

– 2y

= 9 + x

2

– 6x + 25 + y

2

– 10y

⇒ – 8x + 8y = – 16 ⇒ x – y = 2.

OR

Let the required ratio be k : 1 and the point

of division be (l, m) using section formula,

we have

l =

+

+

2 1

1

k

k

and m =

+

+

7 3

1

k

k

So, the point of division is

2 1 7 3

,

1 1

k k

k k

¸ _ + +

+ +

¸ ,

.

This point lies on the line 3x + y – 9 = 0.

∴

¸ _ + +

+

+ +

¸ ,

2 1 7 3

3 – 9

1 1

k k

k k

= 0

⇒ 6k + 3 + 7k + 3 – 9k – 9 = 0

⇒ 4k = 3 ⇒ k =

3

4

Hence, the required ratio is 3 : 4.

WORKSHEET–77

1. (A)

Hint: Use condition of collinearity.

2. (D)

Hint: Any point on x-axis be (x, 0).

Let ratio be k : 1

3. (C)

Hint: Origin is (0, 0).

4. False

Hint: A, B, C will not form a triangle.

∵ ar(∆ABC) = 0

5. Diagonals AC and BD cut each other at the

mid-point P.

∴

1

3

2

x +

= 2 ;

1

2

2

y +

= − 5

⇒ x

1

= 1 ; y

1

= −12.

Similarly,

2

1

2

x −

= 2 ;

2

0

2

y +

= − 5

⇒ x

2

= 5 ; y

2

= −10.

Hence, two other vertices of the parallelo-

gram are (1, – 12) and (5, – 10).

6. Area of quadrilateral ABCD

= ar(∆ABD) + ar(∆BCD)

239

O O C M O E G E T E D R I A N T R Y

=

¦ ¦

1

1(– 3 – 21) 7(21–1) 7(1 3)

2

+ + +

+

¦ ¦

1

7(2 – 21) 12(21 3) 7(–3 – 2)

2

+ + +

=

1

(– 24 140 28)

2

+ + +

1

(–133 288– 35)

2

+

= 72 + 60 = 132 sq. units.

7.

1 3 7 5 3

,

2 2

¸ _

± ±

¸ ,

Hint:

As AB = BC = AC

∴ AB = BC

⇒ AB

2

= BC

2

⇒ (x − 3)

2

+ (y − 4)

2

= 26 ...(i)

Similarly,

AC = BC ⇒ (x + 2)

2

+ (y − 3)

2

= 26 ...(ii)

Solve (i) and (ii).

8. PA= PB

⇒ PA

2

= PB

2

⇒ (x − 3)

2

+ (y − 6)

2

= (x + 3)

2

+ (y − 4)

2

⇒ x

2

+ 9 − 6x + y

2

+ 36 − 12y

= x

2

+ 9 + 6x + y

2

+ 16 − 8y

⇒ 3x + y = 5.

9. Coordinates of P are

+

¸ _

¸ ,

–6 6 8 – 4

,

2 2

,

i.e., (2, 0).

Coordinates of Q are

– 4– 10 6 – 8

,

2 2

¸ _

¸ ,

i.e., (– 7, – 1).

Coordinates of R are

– 6 – 8 8 – 10

,

2 2

¸ _

¸ ,

,

i.e., (– 1, – 7).

Now, ar(∆ABC)

=

¦ ¦ + +

1

8(6 8) – 4(–8 6) – 10(– 6– 6)

2

=

+ +

1

(112 8 120)

2

= 120 sq. units.

and ar(∆PQR)

= ¦ ¦

1

2(–1 7) – 7(–7 –0) –1(0 1)

2

+ +

=

+

1

(12 49– 1)

2

= 30 sq. units.

So,

( PQR)

( ABC)

ar

ar

=

30

120

=

1

4

⇒ ar(∆PQR) =

1

4

ar(∆ABC).

Hence proved.

WORKSHEET–78

1. (A)

Hint: Use formula of centroid of a triangle.

2. (C)

Using condition of collinearity,

k[3k – 1] + 3k[1 – 2k] + 3[ – k] = 0

⇒ 3k

2

– k + 3k – 6k

2

– 3k = 0

⇒ – 3k

2

– k = 0

⇒ – k(3k + 1) = 0

⇒ k =

1

3

− or 0.

3. (D) Using mid-point formula:

1 =

2 2

2

a −

; 2a +1 =

4 3

2

b +

⇒ a = 2 ; b = 2.

240 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

4. Let the ratio is k : 1

∴ Using section formula, the point is

8 3 9 1

,

1 1

k k

p

k k

¸ _ + −

+ +

¸ ,

As it lies on x − y − 2 = 0

⇒ 8k + 3 − 9k + 1 − 2k − 2 = 0

⇒ −3k + 2 = 0

⇒ k =

2

3

∴ Ratio is 2 : 3.

5. Let the coordinates of vertices of the triangle

ABC are A(x

1

, y

1

), B(x

2

, y

2

) and C(x

3

, y

3

).

Since, the point (1, 2) is the mid-point of AB.

∴

+

1 2

2

x x

= 1,

+

1 2

2

y y

= 2

i.e., x

1

+ x

2

= 2, y

1

+ y

2

= 4 ...(i)

Similarly, x

2

+ x

3

= 0, y

2

+ y

3

= –2 ...(ii)

and x

3

+ x

1

= 4, y

3

+ y

1

= –2 ...(iii)

∴ x

1

+ x

2

+ x

3

= 3, y

1

+ y

2

+ y

3

= 0

...(iv)

Solving results (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv), we get

x

1

= 3, y

1

= 2, x

2

= – 1, y

2

= 2, x

3

= 1, y

3

= – 4.

Hence the required vertices are A(3, 2),

B(– 1, 2) and C(1, – 4).

6. (7, 2) or (1, 0)

Hint: ar(∆PAB) = 10

⇒ ar(∆PAB) = + 10 or ar(∆PAB) = −10

Let P(x, y) ∴ Use area of triangle

( ) ( ) ( )

1 2 3 2 3 1 3 1 2

1

2

x y y x y y x y y 1 − + − + −

¸ ]

.

7. The given points would be collinear, if the

area of triangle formed by them as vertices

is zero.

i.e.,

( ) ¦

¦

1

– – ( – – )

2

( – – ) 0

a c a a b b a b b c

c b c c a

+ + +

+ +

Here, LHS

= ( ) ¦ ¦

1

– ( – ) ( – )

2

a c b b a c c b a + +

= ( )

1

– – –

2

ac ab ab bc bc ac + + = 0

= 0 = RHS. Hence proved.

8. 24 sq. units

Hint: Area of rhombus =

2

1

d

1

× d

2

where d

1

, d

2

= length of diagonals.

9. ar(∆ABC) = 5

⇒ ( ) ( ) ( ) ¦ ¦

1

6 – 1 – 2 1– 2 3 2 – 6

2

k k k + = 5

⇒ ( )

1

5 – 2 4 6 –18

2

k k k + + = 5

⇒ ( )

1

15 – 20

2

k

= 5 ⇒

15

– 10

2

k = 5

⇒

15

–10

2

k = ± 5 ⇒

15

2

k = 10 ± 5

⇒

15

2

k = 15 or 5 ⇒ k = 2 or

2

3

.

WORKSHEET– 79

1. (B) A(0, 0), B(3,

3

), C(3, λ)

As AB = BC = AC

∴ AB =AC ⇒ AB

2

= AC

2

⇒ 12 = 9 + λ

2

⇒ λ

2

= 12 − 9

⇒ λ

2

= 3 ∴ λ = ±

3

∴ Required value of λ = −

3

.

2. (D) Mid-point of (6, 8) and (2, 4) is P(4, 6).

∴ If A(1, 2), then

AP =

( ) ( )

2 2

4 1 6 2 − + −

= 9 16 +

= 5 units.

241

O O C M O E G E T E D R I A N T R Y

3. 2 or – 4

Hint: Use Pythagoras Theorem.

4.

∴

PA

PQ

2

3

⇒ PA : AQ = 2 : 1

∴ Using section formula.

x =

2

3

; y =

1

3

.

∴ Coordinates of A are

2 1

,

3 3

¸ _

¸ ,

.

5.

11 5

2 ,

2 2

¸ _

−

¸ ,

;

11 5

2 ,

2 2

¸ _

+

¸ ,

Hint:

Let AB = AC = 3.

Use distance formula.

6. Let the points of trisection be P(x

1

, y

1

) and

Q(x

2

, y

2

) such that P is the mid-point of

A(3, – 2), Q(x

2

, y

2

) and Q is the mid-point

of P(x

1

, y

1

), B(– 3, – 4).

i.e., AP = PQ = QB

⇒ AP : PB = 1 : 2

Using section formula,

∴ x

1

=

– 3 2×3

1 2

+

+

, y

1

=

– 4 2 (–2)

1 2

× +

+

⇒ x

1

= 1, y

1

=

8

–

3

Again AQ : QB = 2 : 1

∴ x

2

=

2×(– 3) +3

2 1 +

, y

2

=

2×(– 4) – 2

2 1 +

⇒ x

2

= – 1, y

2

=

10

–

3

.

Hence, the required points are P

¸ _

¸ ,

8

1, –

3

and Q

¸ _

¸ ,

10

–1, –

3

.

7. A(1, 10), B(– 7, – 6), C(9, 2)

Hint: x

1

+ x

2

= 2 × (–3) = – 6

x

2

+ x

3

= 2

Adding, x

3

+ x

1

= 10

2(x

1

+ x

2

+ x

3

) = 6

x

1

+ x

2

+ x

3

= 3

∴ x

1

= 1, x

2

= – 7, x

3

= 9

Using same method,

y

1

+ y

2

+ y

3

= 6

and y

1

= 10, y

2

= – 6, y

3

= 2.

8. Area of ∆DBC

= ¦ ¦

1

5 – (– 2) + ( 3)(– 2 – 3 ) +4(3 – 5)

2

x x x 1 −

¸ ]

=

1

(28 – 14) (14 – 7)

2

x x

Area of ∆ABC

=

¦ ¦

1

6 5–(– 2) + ( 3)(– 2 – 3) +4(3 – 5)

2

1 −

¸ ]

=

1 49

(42+15 – 8)

2 2

From question

( DBC)

( ABC)

ar

ar

∆

∆

=

1

2

⇒

14 – 7

49

2

x

=

1

2

⇒

14 – 7

49

2

x

=

1

2

or

– 14 +7

49

2

x

=

1

2

⇒ 8x – 4 = 7 or – 8x + 4 = 7

⇒ x =

11

8

or

– 3

8

.

242 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

WORKSHEET– 80

1. (B) As the distance of a point from x-axis is

equal to its y-coordinate, i.e., 3.

2. (A) A(a + b, a − b), B(2a + b, 2a − b),

C(a − b, a + b), D(x, y)

Mid-point of AC = Mid-point of BD

⇒ x = −b

⇒ y = b.

3.

– 5 1

– , 0 ; , 2

3 3

¸ _ ¸ _

¸ , ¸ ,

Hint:

Use AP : PB = 1 : 2

and AQ : QB = 2 : 1

4. Let the third vertex be C(x, y) of the given

∆ABC. Using, AC = AB and BC = AB,

we have x

2

+ y

2

= 12 and

(x – 3)

2

+

2

( – 3) y

= 12

Solving these, we obtain

x = 0, y =

2 3

or x = 3, y = – 3 .

Hence, the required vertex is ( 0, 2 3 ) or

(

3, – 3

).

5. Let ABCD be the given square such that

A(3, 4) and C(1, – 1). Let D(a, b) be the

unknown vertex.

Using AD

2

= CD

2

, we have

(a – 3)

2

+ (b – 4)

2

= (a – 1)

2

+ (b + 1)

2

⇒ 4a + 10b – 23 = 0

⇒ b =

23 – 4

10

a

...(i)

Using AD

2

+ CD

2

= AC

2

, we have

(a – 3)

2

+ (b – 4)

2

+ (a – 1)

2

+ (b + 1)

2

= (3 – 1)

2

+ (4 + 1)

2

⇒ a

2

+ b

2

– 6a – 8b + 9 + 16 + a

2

– 2a + b

2

+ 2b + 1 + 1 = 4 + 25

⇒ a

2

+ b

2

– 4a – 3b = 1 ...(ii)

Using equations (i) and (ii), we get

a

2

+

¸ _ ¸ _

¸ , ¸ ,

2

23 – 4 23 – 4

– 4 – 3

10 10

a a

a = 1

⇒ 116a

2

– 464a – 261 = 0

⇒ 4a

2

– 16a – 9 = 0

(Dividing by 29)

⇒ a =

16 256 4 4 9

2 4

± + × ×

×

=

9

2

or

1

–

2

Substitute a =

9

2

and a =

1

–

2

successively

to get b =

1

2

and b =

5

2

.

Hence, the required vertices are

9 1

,

2 2

¸ _

¸ ,

and

¸ _

¸ ,

1 5

– ,

2 2

.

OR

(4, 5), (2, 3), (6, 9)

Hint:

x

1

+ x

2

= 6 y

1

+ y

2

= 8

∴ x

2

+ x

3

= 8 y

2

+ y

3

= 12

x

1

+ x

3

= 10 y

1

+ y

3

= 14

Adding,

2(x

1

+ x

2

+ x

3

) = 24 2(y

1

+ y

2

+ y

3

) = 34

243

O O C M O E G E T E D R I A N T R Y

⇒ x

1

+ x

2

+ x

3

= 12 ⇒ y

1

+ y

2

+ y

3

= 17

∴ x

1

= 4 ∴ y

1

= 5

x

2

= 2 y

2

= 3

x

3

= 6; y

3

= 9.

6. Let O(x, y) be the circumcentre passing

through A(3, 0), B(– 1, – 6) and C(4, – 1).

Then OA= OB = OC

Taking OA= OB

⇒ OA

2

= OB

2

(Squaring)

⇒ (x – 3)

2

+ (y – 0)

2

= (x + 1)

2

+ (y + 6)

2

⇒ x

2

– 6x + 9 + y

2

= x

2

+ 2x + 1 + y

2

+ 12y

+ 36

⇒ 2x + 3y + 7 = 0 ...(i)

and OA = OC ⇒ OA

2

= OC

2

(Squaring)

⇒ (x – 3)

2

+ y

2

= (x – 4)

2

+ (y + 1)

2

⇒ x

2

– 6x + 9 + y

2

= x

2

– 8x + 16 + y

2

+ 2y

+ 1

⇒ x – y – 4 = 0 ...(ii)

Solving equations (i) and (ii), we get

x = 1, y = – 3.

Thus, the coordinates of the centre are (1, –3)

Now, radius = OA=

( ) ( ) + +

2 2

3 –1 0 3

= + 4 9 =

13

units.

OR

The area of the triangle formed by the given

points must be zero.

i.e.,

( ) ¦

1

2 –6 2 – ( –1) (6 – 2 – 2+2 )

2

k k k k k k +

( )( )¦

– 4+ 2 – 2 – 2 k k k = 0

⇒ k(4k – 6) – (k – 1) × 4 – (4 + k) (2 – 4k) = 0

⇒ 4k

2

– 6k – 4k + 4 – 8 + 16k – 2k + 4k

2

= 0

⇒ 8k

2

+ 4k – 4 = 0 ⇒ k

2

+

1

2

k –

1

2

= 0

⇒ k

2

+

1

2

k +

1

16

–

1

16

–

1

2

= 0

⇒

¸ _

¸ ,

2

1

+

4

k

–

¸ _

¸ ,

2

3

4

= 0

⇒

¸ _¸ _

+ + +

¸ ,¸ ,

1 3 1 3

–

4 4 4 4

k k

= 0

⇒ k = – 1 or

1

2

.

7. SP = +

2 2 2

( – ) (2 – 0) at a at

= +

2 2 2 2 2

( –1) 4 a t a t

= a + +

4 2 2

– 2 1 4 t t t = a + +

4 2

2 1 t t

= a(t

2

+ 1)

SQ=

2 2

2 2

–2

– – 0

a a

a

t t

¸ _ ¸ _

+

¸ , ¸ ,

=

+ +

2 2 2

2

4 2 2

2 4

–

a a a

a

t t t

= a

+ +

4 2

1 2

1

t t

= a

¸ _

+

¸ ,

2

1

1

t

Now,

1 1

SP SQ

+ =

( )

2

2

1 1

1

+1

+1

a t

a

t

+

¸ _

¸ ,

=

1

+

1

1

¸ ]

2

2 2

1 1

+1 1+

t

a t t

=

¸ _

+

+

¸ ,

2

2

1 1

1

t

a t

=

1

a

which is independent of t.

8. As P(x, y) is mid-point of AB,

x =

+ 3

2

k

and y =

+ 4 6

2

i.e., x = +

3

2 2

k

and y = 5

244 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

The value of x and y will satisfy x + y – 10 = 0

∴

+

3

2 2

k

+ 5 – 10 = 0 ⇒

2

k

= 5 –

3

2

⇒ k = 7.

WORKSHEET– 81

1. (A) Let the coordinates of the third vertex

C be (x, y).

∴

+ 3 – 2

3

x

=

5

3

and

+ + 2 1

3

y

=

1

3

i.e. x = 4 and y = – 2

∴ C ≡ (4, – 2).

2. (B) As BP = ( )

3

2

2

a ×

= 3 a

and OP =

1

2

OA = a

∴ Coordinates of B are (a, 3a).

3. (A) Let the required point be (h, k).

Then

h =

3×(– 4) + 2 × 6

3 + 2

and k =

× + ×

+

3 5 2 3

3 2

i.e., h = 0 and k =

21

5

.

So, the required point is

21

0,

5

¸ _

¸ ,

.

4. (A)

Hint: Use AB = BC = AC

Take AB

2

= BC

2

and BC

2

= AC

2

.

5. True.

Let O(0, 0), A(5, 5) and B(– 5, 5) be the three

points.

∴ OA= 5 2 = OB

and AB

2

= 100 = OA

2

+ OB

2

.

OR

True,

AB =

2 2

(– 4 6) (6 –10) + +

=

20 = 2 5

BC =

2 2

(3 4) (–8 – 6) + +

=

245 = 7 5

AC =

2 2

(3 6) (–8–10) = 405 = 9 5 + +

∴ AB + BC = AC.

Also,

AB 2 2

= AB = AC

AC 9 9

⇒

.

6. As A, P, B will be collinear,

∴

.

( ) ( 0) 0 (0 ) a y b x b y − + − + − = 0

⇒ ay − ab + xb = 0 ⇒ ay + xb = ab

⇒

y

b

+

x

a

= 1 ⇒

x

a

+

y

b

= 1.

7. Let the coordinates of P be (x, y).

⇒

AP

AB

=

3

7

⇒

AB

AP

=

7

3

⇒

AB

AP

–1 =

7

3

–1 ⇒

PB

AP

=

4

3

⇒

AP

PB

=

3

4

.

Using section formula, we have

x =

( ) 3×2+4 – 2

3+4

and y =

( ) 3×(– 4)+4× – 2

3+4

i.e., x = –

2

7

and y = –

20

7

Thus, the coordinates of P are

2 20

– , –

7 7

¸ _

¸ ,

.

8. Let the coordinates of P be (x, y).

PA= PB

⇒ PA

2

= PB

2

(Squaring)

⇒ (x – 3)

2

+ (y – 4)

2

= (x – 5)

2

+ (y + 2)

2

⇒ x

2

– 6x + 9 + y

2

– 8y + 16

= x

2

– 10x + 25 + y

2

+ 4y + 4

⇒ 4x – 12y

– 4 = 0

⇒ x – 3y

– 1 = 0 ...(i)

245

O O C M O E G E T E D R I A N T R Y

Area of ∆PAB = 10

⇒

( ) ( ) ( ) ¦ ¦

+ + +

1

4 2 3 –2 – 5 – 4

2

x y y

= 10

6x – 6 – 3y + 5y – 20 = ± 20

6x + 2y – 26 = ± 20

⇒ 3x + y – 3 = 0 ...(ii)

or 3x + y – 23 = 0 ...(iii)

Now, we have to solve equations (i) and

(ii) as well as equations (i) and (iii).

Solving equations (i) and (ii), we get

x = 1, y = 0

Solving equations (i) and (iii), we get

x = 7, y = 2

Hence, the coordinates of P are (1, 0) or

(7, 2).

OR

∵ P is mid-point of AB

∴ P ≡

+

¸ _

¸ ,

1 3 5 – 7

,

2 2

,

i.e., P ≡ (2, – 1)

∵ Q is mid-point of BC

∴ Q ≡

3 0 –7 4

,

2 2

+ +

¸ _

¸ ,

, i.e., Q ≡

¸ _

¸ ,

3 3

, –

2 2

∵ R is mid-point of CA

∴ R ≡

+ +

¸ _

¸ ,

0 1 4 5

,

2 2

, i.e., R ≡

¸ _

¸ ,

1 9

,

2 2

Now, ar(∆PQR)

=

1 3 9 3 9

2 – – 1

2 2 2 2 2

¹

¸ _ ¸ _

+ + +

,

¸ , ¸ ,

¹

¹

¸ _

+

,

¸ ,

¹

1 3

–1

2 2

=

¸ _

+ +

¸ ,

1 33 1

–12

2 4 4

=

–7 7

4 4

...(i)

ar(∆ABC)

=

¦ ¦

1

1(–7 – 4) 3(4 – 5) 0(5 7)

2

+ + +

=

1

(–11– 3 0) –7 7

2

+ ...(ii)

Dividing equation (i) by equation (ii), we

have

∆

∆

( PQR)

( ABC)

ar

ar

=

7

4

7

⇒ ar(∆PQR) =

1

4

ar(∆ABC).

9. Since, A is on

the x-axis, so its

coordinates will

be of the form

(x, 0). Similarly,

the coordinates

of B will be of

the form (0, y).

Since P is the mid-point of AB.

∴ – 2 =

0

2

x+

and 3 =

+ 0

2

y

∴ x = –4 and y = 6

∴ Coordinates of A are (– 4, 0) and coordi-

nates of B are (0, 6).

Now,

PO =

2 2

(– 2) (3) 4 9 13 + +

PA =

2 2

(– 4 2) (0 – 3) 4 9 + + + =

13

Clearly, PA = PB = PO

⇒ P is equidistant from A, B and the

origin O.

WORKSHEET– 82

1. (A) (– 5, 1), (1, p) and (4, – 2) are collinear.

⇒ – 5(p + 2) + 1 (–2 –1) + 4(1 – p) = 0

⇒ – 5p – 10 – 3 + 4 – 4p = 0 ⇒ 9p = – 9

⇒ p = –1.

2. (C)

Area =

¦ ¦

1

1(4 – 6) – 2(6 – 3) 0

2

+

=

1

(– 2– 6)

2

= 4 sq. units.

3. See Worksheet − −− −− 78, Sol. 4.

4. False, because P does not lie on the line

segment AB.

246 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

5. See Worksheet – 80, Sol. 5.

6. As P is equidistant from A and B,

PA = PB ⇒ PA

2

= PB

2

(Squaring)

⇒ (a + b – x)

2

+ (b – a – y)

2

= (a – b – x)

2

+ (a + b – y)

2

⇒ (a + b – x)

2

– (a – b – x)

2

= (a + b – y)

2

– (b – a – y)

2

⇒ (a + b – x + a – b – x) (a + b – x – a + b + x)

= (a + b – y + b – a – y)

(a + b – y – b + a + y)

⇒ 2(a – x)

× 2b = 2(b – y) × 2a

⇒ ab – bx = ab – ay ⇒ bx = ay

Hence proved.

OR

Let the third vertex

be C(x, y) of the

given ∆ABC such

that A(0, 0) and

B(3, 3).

Using AC = AB

i.e. AC

2

= AB

2

(Squaring)

⇒ x

2

+ y

2

= 9 + 3

⇒ x

2

+ y

2

= 12 ...(i)

Also, using BC = AC

i.e., BC

2

= AC

2

(Squaring)

⇒ (x – 3)

2

+

2

( – 3) y = x

2

+ y

2

⇒ x

2

– 6x + 9 + y

2

–

2 3y

+ 3 = x

2

+ y

2

⇒ 3x

+

3

y – 6 = 0 ...(ii)

Solving equations (i) and (ii), we obtain

x = 0, y =

2 3

or x = 3, y = –

3

Hence, the third vertex is (0, 2 3) or

(3, – 3)

.

7.

AD

AB

=

AE

AC

=

1

4

⇒

AB

AD

=

AC

AE

=

4

1

⇒

AB

AD

– 1 =

AC

AE

– 1 =

4

1

–1

(Subtracting 1 throughout)

⇒

AB – AD

AD

=

AC– AE

AE

=

4 – 1

1

⇒

BD

AD

=

CE

AE

=

3

1

⇒ AD : BD= AE : EC = 1 : 3

Let the coordinates of D and E be (x

1

, y

1

)

and (x

2

, y

2

) respectively.

Let us use section formulae.

x

1

=

1 × 1+3 × 4

1+3

, y

1

=

1 × 5+3 × 6

1+3

and x

2

=

1 × 7+3 × 4

1+3

, y

2

=

1 × 2+3 × 6

1+3

i.e., x

1

=

13

4

, y

1

=

23

4

and x

2

=

19

4

, y

2

= 5

So, the coordinates of D are

13 23

,

4 4

¸ _

¸ ,

and

of E are

19

, 5

4

¸ _

¸ ,

.

ar(∆ADE)

=

¹ ¹

¸ _ ¸ _

+ +

, ,

¸ , ¸ ,

¹ ¹

1 23 13 19 23

4 – 5 (5 – 6) 6 –

2 4 4 4 4

=

¹ ¹

× + ×

, ,

¹ ¹

1 3 13 19 1

4 –

2 4 4 4 4

=

15

32

sq. units.

Again, ar(∆ABC)

=

¦ ¦

1

4(5 – 2) 1(2 – 6) 7(6 – 5)

2

+ +

=

1

(12 – 4 7)

2

+ =

15

2

sq. units

∴ ar(∆ADE) : ar(∆ABC) =

15

32

15

2

= 1 : 16.

247

O O C M O E G E T E D R I A N T R Y

8. P(at

2

, 2at), Q

2

2

,

a a

t t

−

¸ _

¸ ,

, S(a, 0)

∴ SP =

2 2 2

( ) (2 ) at a at − +

=

2 4 2 2 2 2 2

2 4 a t a a t a t + − +

=

2 4 2 2 2

2 a t a a t + +

=

2 2

( ) at a +

= at

2

+ a

SQ =

2 2

2

2a a

a

t t

−

¸ _ ¸ _

− +

¸ , ¸ ,

=

2 2 2

2

4 2 2

2 4 a a a

a

t t t

+ − +

=

2

2

a

a

t

¸ _

+

¸ ,

=

2

a

t

+ a

∴

1

SP

+

1

SQ

=

2

1

at a +

+

2

2

t

a at +

=

2

2

1

( 1)

t

a t

+

+

=

1

a

which is independent of t.

ASSESSMENT SHEET–13

1. (B) x =

2×7+3×3

2+3

=

23

5

y =

2×9+3×5

2+3

=

33

5

Hence, the coordinates of P are

23 33

,

5 5

¸ _

¸ ,

.

2. (B) Let the centroid be P(x, y).

x =

2+ 5+3

3

; y =

1+2+4

3

;

i.e., x =

10

3

; y =

7

3

Thus P ≡

10 7

,

3 3

¸ _

¸ ,

.

3. D is mid-point of BC

∴ D≡

1– 3 5 – 1

,

2 2

¸ _

¸ ,

;

i.e., D≡ ( – 1, 2)

AD=

2 2

(5 1) (1–2) + +

= 36 1 +

=

37

units.

4. False, because area of the triangle formed

by joining the given points is not zero as,

area =

1

2

4(6 – 3) + 7(3 – 5) + 6(5 – 6)

1

2

12 – 14 – 6 = 4 ≠ 0.

5. As P(x, y) is the mid-point of A(3, 4) and

B(k, 6),

x =

3

2

k +

and y =

4 6

2

+

(Using mid-point formula)

i.e. x =

3

2

k +

and y = 5.

Substituting these values of x and y in

x + y – 10 = 0, we get

3

2

k +

+ 5 – 10 = 0 ⇒

3

2

k +

= 5

⇒ 3 + k = 10 ⇒ k = 7.

6. Using the distance formula

Distance =

2 2

2 1 2 1

( – ) ( – ) x x y y + ,

we get

AB =

¦ ¦

2

2

– 4 –(– 5) (– 2 – 6) +

= 1 64 + =

65

248 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

BC =

¦ ¦ ¦ ¦

2 2

7 – (– 4) 5 – (– 2) +

= 121 49 + =

170

and CA =

( ) ( )

2 2

– 5 – 7 6 – 5 +

= 144 1 + =

145

Since the lengths of all the sides of ∆ABC

are different, therefore, ∆ABC is a scalene

triangle.

7. Let the mid-points of sides AB and AC be

D and E respectively. Such that D(2, – 1)

and E(0, – 1).

AD=

1

2

AB and AE =

1

2

AC ...(i)

According to the converse of Basic

Proportionality Theorem, DE ¦¦ BC, and

therefore, ∆ADE ~ ∆ABC.

Now,

( ABC)

( ADE)

ar

ar

=

2 2

2 2

AB (2AD)

=

AD AD

[Using (i)]

⇒ ar(∆ABC) = 4 × ar(∆ADE) ...(ii)

Now, ar(∆ADE)

=

1

2

x

1

(y

2

– y

3

) + x

2

(y

3

– y

1

) + x

3

(y

1

– y

2

)

=

1

2

1(– 1 + 1) + 2(– 1 + 4) + 0(– 4 +1)

=

1

2

0 + 6 + 0 = 3 square units

Substituting this value of ar(∆ADE) in

equation (ii), we have

ar(∆ABC) = 4 × 3 = 12 square units.

8. Let the given line divides the given line

segment at P(h, k) in the ratio λ : 1.

Using section formula, we have

h =

× 2 1 8

1

λ + ×

λ+

and k =

1 1 (– 9)

1

λ× + ×

λ+

i.e., h =

2 8

1

λ+

λ+

and k =

– 9

1

λ

λ+

Since, P(h, k) lies on the line

2x + 3y – 5 = 0, therefore, x = h and y = k

must satisfy it.

Therefore, 2h + 3k – 5 = 0

⇒

2 8 – 9

2 3 – 5

1 1

¸ _ ¸ _ λ+ λ

+

λ+ λ+

¸ , ¸ ,

= 0

⇒ 4λ + 16 + 3λ – 27 – 5λ – 5 = 0

⇒ 2λ = 16 ⇒ λ = 8 ⇒ λ : 1 = 8 : 1

∴ h =

2 8 8

8 1

× +

+

and k =

8– 9

8 1 +

i.e., h =

8

3

and k = –

1

9

∴ P(h, k) = P

8 1

, –

3 9

¸ _

¸ ,

.

Hence, the given line divides the given line

segment in the ratio 8 : 1 at the point

8 1

, –

3 9

¸ _

¸ ,

.

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 14

1. (C) Let the coordinates of P and Q be (x, 0)

and (0, y) respectively.

∴

0

2

x +

= 3 and

0

2

y +

= – 7

i.e., x = 6 and y = – 14

Here, P ≡ (6, 0) and Q ≡ (0, – 14).

2. (C) Area of triangle formed by A, B and the

origin = 0

249

O O C M O E G E T E D R I A N T R Y

⇒

1

2

1(b – 0) + a(0 – 2) + 0(2 – b) = 0

⇒ ± (b – 2a) = 0 ⇒ 2a = b.

3. Let the required point be P(h, k).

Then PO= PA = PB

∴ h

2

+ k

2

= (h – 2x)

2

+ k

2

and h

2

+ k

2

= h

2

+ (k – 2y)

2

⇒ h

2

= h

2

+ 4x

2

– 4xh

and k

2

= k

2

– 4yk + 4y

2

⇒ h = x and k = y

∴ P is (x, y).

4. False, because AB ≠ CD and BC ≠ AD as

AB =

2 2

2 1 +

=

5

;

BC =

2 2

(–1) (–10) + =

101

;

CD =

( )

2

2

– 8 11 + =

185

;

AD =

( )

2

2

–7 2 + =

53

.

5. Radius = r =

Diameter

2

=

10 2

2

= 5 2 units

Coordinates of centre O are (2a, a – 7).

Coordinates of a point P on the circumference

are (11, – 9)

∴ r = OP

⇒

5 2

=

2 2

(11– 2 ) (–9– 7) a a + +

⇒

( )

2

5 2 = (11 – 2a)

2

+ (– a – 2)

2

(On squaring)

⇒ 121 + 4a

2

– 44a + a

2

+ 4a + 4 = 25 × 2

⇒ 5a

2

– 40a + 75 = 0

(Dividing throughout by 5)

⇒ (a – 5) (a – 3) = 0 ⇒ a = 5 or 3

Hence, a = 5, 3.

6. Let the required ratio be λ : 1.

Here, we will use section formula as given

below.

x =

2 1

mx nx

m n

+

+

and y =

2 1

my ny

m n

+

+

In this question,

– 3 =

– 2 – 5

1

λ

λ+

and k =

3 – 4

1

λ

λ+

⇒ – 3λ – 3 = – 2λ – 5 and k =

3 – 4

1

λ

λ+

⇒ λ = 2 and i.e., k =

3 2 – 4

2 1

×

+

⇒ λ : 1 = 2 : 1 and k =

2

3

Hence, the ratio is 2 : 1 and k =

2

3

.

7. First, we find the length of each side of

quadrilateral ABCD.

AB =

2 2

(1– 5) (5 – 6) + =

2 2

(–4) (–1) +

= 16 1 + =

17

BC =

2 2

(2–1) (1– 5) + =

( )

2

2

1 – 4 +

= 1 16 + =

17

CD =

2 2

(6– 2) (2–1) + =

2 2

4 1 +

= 16 1 + =

17

AD =

2 2

(6– 5) (2–6) + =

2 2

1 (– 4) +

= 1 16 + =

17

Clearly, AB = BC = CD = AD

All the sides of quadrilateral ABCD are

equal.

Therefore, ABCD is a rhombus. It may be a

square if diagonals are equal. To confirm it,

we have to find out the lengths of diagonal

AC and BD.

AC =

2 2

(2 – 5) (1– 6) + =

2 2

(–3) (–5) +

= 9 25 + =

34

250 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

BD =

2 2

(6– 1) (2 – 5) + =

2 2

5 (–3) +

= 25 9 + =

34

Clearly, AC = BD.

Hence, quadrilateral ABCD is a square.

8. To find area of quadrilateral ABCD, we

divide it into two parts by either diagonal

(see graph).

Area of a triangle ABC

=

1

2

x

1

(y

2

– y

3

) + x

2

(y

3

– y

1

) + x

3

(y

1

– y

2

)

=

1

2

– 5 (– 5 + 6) – 4(– 6 – 7) – 1(7 + 5)

=

1

2

– 5 + 52 – 12 =

1

2

× 35

=

35

2

sq. units

ar(∆ACD) =

1

2

– 5(– 6 – 5) – 1 (5 – 7) + 4(7 + 6)

1

2

55 + 2 + 52

1

2

× 109

=

109

2

sq. units

Now, ar(quadrilateral ABCD)

= ar(∆ABC) + ar(∆ACD)

=

35

2

+

109

2

=

144

2

= 72 square units.

Alternative Method:

ar(quadrilateral ABCD)

=

1

2

[(x

1

– x

3

) (y

2

– y

4

) + (x

2

– x

4

) (y

3

– y

1

)]

=

1

2

[(– 5 + 1) (– 5 – 5) + (– 4 – 4) (– 6 – 7)]

=

1

2

[40 + 104] = 72 sq. units.

CHAPTER TEST

1. (D) Let the point of division be (x, y)

x =

1 × 3 + 2 × 7

1+2

, y =

1 × 4 + 2(– 6)

1+ 2

⇒ x =

17

3

, y =

– 8

3

⇒

¸ _

¸ ,

17 8

, –

3 3

lies in the IV

th

quadrant.

2. (A) Mid-point of hypotenuse AB is

equidistant from the vertices A, B and O.

Therefore, the required point is

0 2 2 0

,

2 2

x y + +

¸ _

¸ ,

, i.e., (x, y).

3. Let the required point be P(0, y) such that

PA = PB

⇒ +

2 2

(0 –1) ( – 5) y = +

2 2

(0 – 4) ( – 6) y

⇒ 1 + y

2

– 10y + 25 = 16 + y

2

– 12y + 36

(Squaring)

⇒ y = 13

Hence the coordinates of the point P be

(0, 13).

251

O O C M O E G E T E D R I A N T R Y

4. False, because Q lies outside the circle as

OQ > radius of circle.

5.

9a – 2 =

3 8 1 (3 1)

3 1

a a × + × +

+

and – b =

3 5 1(– 3)

3 1

× +

+

⇒ 36a – 8 = 24a + 3a + 1

and – 3b – b = 15 – 3

⇒ 9a = 9 and 4b = – 12

Thus, a = 1 and b = – 3.

6. We know that area of a triangle is four

times the area of a triangle formed by

joining the mid-points of it.

D

¸ _

¸ ,

1 5

– ,

2 2

, E(7, 3), F

¸ _

¸ ,

7 7

,

2 2

ar(∆DEF)

=

1 1 7 7 5 7 5

– 3 – 7 – – 3

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

¹ ¹

¸ _ ¸ _ ¸ _

+ +

, ,

¸ , ¸ , ¸ ,

¹ ¹

=

1 1 7

7 –

2 4 4

¸ _

+

¸ ,

=

11

4

sq. units.

Since, D, E and F are the mid-points of

sides of ∆ABC,

∴ ar(∆ABC) = 4 × ar(∆DEF)

= 4 ×

11

4

= 11 sq. units.

7. See Worksheet – 72, Sol. 8.

8. Let the coordinates of the vertices be

A(x

1

, y

1

), B(x

2

, y

2

) and C(x

3

, y

3

)

Observe the adjoining figure.

3 =

+

1 2

2

x x

and 4 =

+

1 2

2

y y

∴ x

1

+ x

2

= 6 ...(i)

and y

1

+ y

2

= 8 ...(ii)

Similarly,

x

2

+ x

3

= 16 ...(iii)

y

2

+ y

3

= 18 ...(iv)

x

3

+ x

1

= 12 ...(v)

y

3

+ y

1

= 14 ...(vi)

Add equations (i), (iii) and (v) to get

x

1

+ x

2

+ x

3

= 17 ...(vii)

Add equations (ii), (iv) and (vi) to get

y

1

+ y

2

+ y

3

= 20 ...(viii)

Subtract equation (iii) from equation (vii)

to get

x

1

= 1

Similarly, x

2

= 5 and x

3

= 11

Subtract equation (iv) from equation (viii)

to get

y

1

= 2

Similarly, y

2

= 6 and y

3

= 12

Hence, the coordinates of the vertices of

the ∆ABC are (1, 2), (5, 6) and (11, 12).

❑❑

252 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

8

Chapter

AREAS RELATED TO CIRCLES

WORKSHEET– 85

1. (A) A =

2

360

r π θ

°

=

8 8 135

360

π × × × °

°

= 24π cm

2

.

2. (B) Perimeter = AB + BC + CD + length of

arc

q

AED

= 20 + 14 + 20 + π × (7)

= 76 cm.

3. Perimeter = Outer arc length + Inner

arc length + 2 × (14).

=

30

(21 7) 28

180

π × °

+ +

°

=

22 28

28

7 6

× + =

44

28

3

+

=

44 84

3

+

=

128

3

=

2

42

3

cm.

4. No.

The correct statement is: "Area of a segment

of a circle = Area of the corresponding

sector – Area of the corresponding triangle."

5. 154 m

2

Hint: Find area of shaded part.

6. (i)

77

8

cm

2

(ii)

49

8

cm

2

Hint: Area of quadrant =

2

4

r π

7. 686.18 cm

2

, 20.32 cm

2

Hint: Area of minor segment

=

2

sin

360 2

r

πθ θ

¸ _

−

°

¸ ,

∴ Area of major segment

= Area of circle − Area of minor segment.

8. (i) Length of wire used

= 2πr + 5 × (2r)

=

22 35 35

2 10

7 2 2

× × + ×

= 110 + 175

= 285 mm.

(ii) Area of each sector

=

2

360

r π θ

°

=

22 35 35

36

7 2 2

360

× × × °

°

=

385

4

mm

2

.

WORKSHEET– 86

1. (B) πR

1

2

+ πR

2

2

= πR

2

⇒ π(R

1

2

+ R

2

2

) = πR

2

⇒ R

1

2

+ R

2

2

= R

2

.

2. (C)

Hint: Area of shaded part

=

2 2

45

21 7

360

π× °

1

−

¸ ]

°

= 154 cm

2

.

3. 228.57 cm

2

Hint: Shaded portion

= Area of quadrant – Area of square ABCD

Radius OB = 20 2 ×

= Diagonal of square.

4. No, because radius of the largest circle must

be

2

b

cm such that the area will be

2

4

b π

cm

2

.

253 A E R A S E T A L E R D T O E L C R I C S

5. Area of rectangle ABCD = AB × BC

= 50 × 28

= 1400 cm

2

Radius of each semicircle (r) =

BC 28

2 2

= 14 cm.

Area of each semicircle =

1

2

πr

2

=

1

2

×

22

14 14

7

× × = 308 cm

2

.

Now, area of remaining paper

= Area of rectangle ABCD – 2 × area

of either semicircle

= 1400 – 2 × 308

= 784 cm

2

Further, observing the

adjoining figure, we

have length of curve

APD or curve BQC.

πr =

22

14

7

×

= 44 cm.

Now, perimeter of remaining paper

= AB + CD + curve APD + curve BQC

= 50 + 50 + 44 + 44 = 188 cm.

6. Radius = 6 cm

∴ Diameter PS

= 2 × 6 = 12 cm

Also, PQ = QR = RS

=

12

3

= 4 cm.

Perimeter = length of

p

PQ

+ length of

p

QS

+ length of o

PS

= π [2 + 4 + 6] = 12 ×

22

7

= 37.71 cm.

Area = ( ) ( ) ( )

2 2 2

6 4 2

2 2 2

π π π

− +

=

2

π

(36 − 16 + 4) =

22

7 2 ×

× 24

=

528

2 7 ×

=

264

7

= 37.71 cm

2

.

7. 98.4 cm

2

Hint: Inner radius = r

∴ r =

S

∆

;

where ∆ = area of ∆ABC

S = semiperimeter of ∆ABC.

∴ Shaded part = ar(∆ABC) − ar(circle)

8. (i) Perimeter of sector = 2r + Arc length

= 2 × 5.7 +

180

r π θ

°

∴ 27.2 = 11.4 +

180

r π θ

°

⇒

180

r π θ

°

= 27.2 – 11.4

= 15.8 m

∴ Arc length = 1580 cm.

(ii) 450300 cm

2

Hint: Area of sector =

1

2

l r.

WORKSHEET– 87

1. (A)

Hint: 2πr = πr

2

⇒ r = 2 units.

2. (A)

Hint: 2πr = 2πr

1

+ 2πr

2

⇒ r = r

1

+ r

2

= 19 + 9 = 28 cm.

3. False, because radii are different so their

areas will also be different if their

corresponding arc lengths are equal.

4. 22 cm

Hint: Arc length =

180

r π θ

°

.

5. Shaded part = Area of square − 4 × Area

of circle

= (14)

2

− 4(πr

2

)

= 196 − 4 ×

22 7 7

7 2 2

× ×

= 196 − 154

= 42 cm

2

.

254 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

OR

Length of arc AEB = π ×

2.8

2

= 1.4π cm.

Length of arc BFC = π ×

1.4

2

= 0.7π cm.

Length of arc ADC = π

2.8 1.4

2

+

= 2.1π cm

Now, perimeter of shaded region

= Sum of lengths of the arcs AEB, BFC

and ADC

= 1.4π + 0.7π + 2.1π

= 4.2π = 4.2 ×

22

7

= 13.2 cm.

6.

154

3

cm

2

Hint: r = 14 cm

Angle swept in 1 min = 6°

Angle swept in 5 min = 30°

∴ Area =

2

360

r π θ

°

.

7. 88.44 cm

2

Hint: Use

2

2

1

sin

360 2

r

r

π θ

− θ

°

sin120° = sin60° =

3

2

.

8. 66.5 cm

2

Hint: See solved example 7.

WORKSHEET– 88

1. (C) Circumference = 2πr

=

22

2 42

7

× ×

= 264 cm.

∴ No. of revolutions =

792 100

264

×

= 300.

2. (B) 2πr = 22

⇒ r =

22

2π

=

11

π

∴ Area of quadrant =

2

1

4

r π

=

1 11 11

× × ×

4

π

π π

=

121

4π

cm

2

.

3. Area of sector =

2

360

r π θ

°

=

3.14 × 4 × 4 × 30

360

°

°

= 4.19 cm

2

Area of major sector = ar(circle) – 4.19

= 3.14 × (16) – 4.19

= 46.05 cm

2

4. True.

Hint: ∠AOB = 60°

ar(∆OAB) =

3

4

× (side)

2

.

5.

1

51

3

cm

2

Hint: Use, area of shaded part

=

2 2

40 R

360

r

π

1

× ° −

¸ ]

°

R = Outer radius

r = Inner radius.

6. (i) The horse can graze in the shape of a

quadrant of a circle with radius 5 m

∴ Required area =

1

4

π × (radius)

2

=

1

4

× 3.14 × 5 × 5

= 19.625 m

2

.

(ii) Radius of quadrant of circle

= Length of the rope = 10 m

Area of the sector =

1

4

× π × 10

2

=

1

4

× 3.14 × 100

= 78.50 m

2

So, the increase in the grazing area

= (78.50 – 19.625) m

2

= 58.875 m

2

.

255 A E R A S E T A L E R D T O E L C R I C S

7. Let us mark the four unshaded parts as

I, II, III, IV in figure.

∴ Area of I + area of III = area of ABCD −

area of two semicircles of radius 5 cm each.

= 100 − 3.14 × 25

= 21.5 cm

2

Similarly, area of II + area of IV = 21.5 cm

2

Area of shaded part

= ar(ABCD) − ar(I + II + III + IV)

= 100 − 2 × 21.5

= 57 cm

2

.

8. Radius of the circle having ABC as quadrant

= AB = AC = 14 cm

Area of this quadrant ABC =

1

4

× π × 14

2

= 49π cm

2

Area of isosceles ∆ABC =

1

2

× AC × AB

=

1

2

× 14 × 14 = 98 cm

2

BC =

2 2

AB AC +

=

2 2

14 14 +

= 14 2 cm.

Area of semicircle having diameter as BC

=

1

2

π ×

2

14 2

2

¸ _

¸ ,

=

1

2

π ×

( )

2

7 2

= 49π cm

2

Now, area of shaded region = Area of ∆ABC

+ Area of the semicircle with BC as

diameter – Area of quadrant ABC

= 98 + 49π – 49π = 98 cm

2

.

WORKSHEET– 89

1. (A) Angle =

360°

× 35 210

60

° .

2. (C) Perimeter of square

= Circumference of circle

= 2πr = 2 ×

22

7

× 21 = 132 cm

∴ Side of the square =

132

4

= 33 cm.

3. Let O be the centre of circle.

In ∆OBD, cos 60° =

OD

OB

and sin 60° =

BD

OB

⇒

OD

32

=

1

2

and

3

2

=

BD

32

⇒ OD= 16 and BD = 16 3

⇒ BC = 2BD = 32 3

.

.

. Area of design

= Area of circle – Area of ∆ABC

=

( )

2

2

3

× 32 32 3

4

¹ ¹

π − ×

, ,

¹ ¹

cm

2

= 32

2

×

3 1.73

3.14 –

4

×

¸ _

¸ ,

cm

2

= 1024 ×

12.56 – 5.19

4

¸ _

¸ ,

cm

2

= 256 × 7.37 = 1886.72 cm

2

.

4. 161.31 cm

2

Hint: Required area =

1

2

πr

2

– ar(∆PRQ).

5.

(i) The distance around the track along the

inner edge = 106 + 106 + (π × 30 + π × 30)

(∵ Inner radius = 30 m)

256 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

= 212 +

22

7

× 60

= 212 +

1320

7

=

2804

7

m =

4

400

7

m.

(ii) The area of track

= (106 × 80 − 106 × 60) + 2 ×

2 2

40 30

2

π

1

−

¸ ]

= 2120 + 700 ×

22

7

= 2120 + 2200 = 4320 m

2

.

6. AB = 56 m

Area of lawn ABCD= AB

2

= 56

2

= 56 × 56

= 3136 m

2

... (i)

Draw OM ⊥ AB.

AC = 2AB = 56 2 m

AO =

AC

2

=

56 2

2

= 28 2 m

⇒ Radius (r) of circular flower bed

= 28

2 m

OM =

BC 56

=

2 2

= 28 m

Area of each circular flower bed

= Area of sector AOBP – Area of ∆AOB

=

1

4

πr

2

–

1

2

× AB × OM

=

1

4

×

22

7

×

28 2

×

28 2

–

1

2

× 56 × 28

= 1232 – 784

= 448 m

2

...(ii)

Using equations (i) and (ii), we get the

required area

= 3136 + 2 × 448

= 4032 m

2

.

7. Inner area of ring I = π × (Radius)

2

= π ×

2

32

2

¸ _

¸ ,

= 256π cm

2

Outer area of ring I = π ×

2

34

2

¸ _

¸ ,

= 289π cm

2

So, area of ring I = Outer area – Inner

area

= 289π – 256π

= 33π cm

2

Inner area of ring II = π ×

2

19

2

¸ _

¸ ,

= 90.25π cm

2

Outer area of ring II = π

2

21

2

¸ _

¸ ,

= 110.25π cm

2

So, area of ring II = 110.25π – 90.25π

= 20π cm

2

Therefore, total area of these two rings

= (33π + 20π) cm

2

= 53π cm

2

.

8. Sum of areas of 4 quadrants

= 4 ×

2

1

Radius

4

¸ _

π ×

¸ ,

= π × 1

2

= π cm

2

Area of the circle in the middle

= π × (Radius)

2

= π ×

2

2

2

¸ _

¸ ,

= π cm

2

Area of the square = (Side)

2

= 4

2

= 16 cm

2

.

Now, area of the remaining portion

= 16 – π – π = 16 – 2π

= 16 – 2 ×

22

7

= 9.71 cm

2

.

257 A E R A S E T A L E R D T O E L C R I C S

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 15

1. (A) πR

2

= π

2

16

2

¸ _

¸ ,

+ π

2

12

2

¸ _

¸ ,

⇒ R

2

= 64 + 36 = 100

⇒ R = 10 m.

2. (C) Area = π(21)

2

×

120

360

°

°

=

22 1

× 21 × 21 ×

7 3

= 462 cm

2

.

3. Let central angle be θ.

Area = πr

2

×

360

θ

°

⇒ 54π =π × 36

2

×

360

θ

°

⇒ θ =

54 ×360

36×36×

π °

π

= 15°

Now, length of arc

(l) =

180

r π θ

°

=

22

× 36 × 15

7

180

°

°

=

22

× 3

7

=

66

7

= 9.43 cm.

Alternative Method:

Area of sector =

1

2

lr.

⇒ 54π =

1

2

× l × 36

∴ l =

× 54 × 22 2

7 × 36

=

66

7

= 9.43 cm.

4. False, as the corresponding radii are

unequal so the area is different.

5. Join SP and QR.

ar(rectangle ABCD) = AB × CD = 26 × 12

= 312 m

2

Semicircles SPM and RQN are congruent.

Radius(r) of the semicircle SPM

=

1

(12 4 4)

2

− − = 2 m

∴ ar(semicircle SPM) + ar(semicircle RQN)

=

1

2

πr

2

+

1

2

πr

2

= πr

2

=

22

7

× 4 =

88

7

m

2

SP = RQ = 2r = 4 m

PQ = SR = AB – 3 – 3 – r – r

= 26 – 3 – 3 – 2 – 2 = 16 m

Now, ar(rectangle SPQR) = SP × PQ

= 4 × 16 = 64 m

2

Area of the shaded region

= 312 –

88

64

7

−

= 312 – 12.57 – 64

= 235.43 m

2

.

6. ACB is the minor segment of a circle with

centre O and radius OA = OB = r = 14 m

Join AB.

In ∆OAB,

OA = OB (Radii of same circle)

⇒ ∠2 = ∠1 ... (i )

(Angles opposite to equal sides)

∴ ∠1 + ∠2 + 60° = 180°

(Angle sum property for a triangle)

⇒ ∠1 + ∠1 + 60° = 180° [Using (i )]

⇒ ∠1 = ∠2 = 60° [Using (i)]

⇒ ∆AOB is equilateral

∴ ar(∆AOB) =

3

4

r

2

=

3

4

× 14

2

= 49

2

3 m

258 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

ar(sector AOBC) = πr

2

×

60

360

°

°

=

22 1

14 14

7 6

× × ×

=

2

308

m

3

Now, ar(segment ACB)

= ar(sector AOBC)

– ar(∆AOB)

=

2

308

49 3 m

3

¸ _

−

¸ ,

.

7. Sides of ∆ABC are AB = 15 m, BC = 16 m

and CA = 17 m. Areas grazed by three

animals tied at A, B and C are respectively

APU, BQR and CST.

The ungrazed area is shaded, i.e., PQRSTU

(see figure) which to be required.

In ∆ABC,

θ

1

+ θ

2

+ θ

3

= 180° ... (i)

(Angle sum property of a triangle)

ar(sector APU) + ar(sector BQR)

+ ar(sector CST)

= πr

2

×

1

360

θ

°

+ πr

2

×

2

360

θ

°

+ πr

2

×

3

360

θ

°

=

2

360

r π

°

(θ

1

+ θ

2

+ θ

3

)

=

2

22 7

7 360

×

°

× 180° [Using (i)]

= 77 m

2

For ∆ABC, semiperimeter

s =

15 16 17

2

+ +

= 24 m

∴ ar(∆ABC) = 24(24 15)(24 16)(24 17) − − −

=

24 9 8 7 × × ×

= 24

2

21 m

Now, area of shaded region

= ( )

24 21 77 −

m

2

Hence, area of ungrazed region

= ( )

24 21 77 −

m

2

.

8. ar(∆ABC) =

1

2

× Base × Height

(∵∠A = 90°)

=

1

2

× 10 × 10 = 50 cm

2

.

ar(sector APR) = π(7)

2

×

90

360

°

°

=

22

7

× 7 × 7 ×

1

4

= 38.5 cm

2

.

ar(PBCR) = ar(∆ABC) – ar(sector APR)

= 50 – 38.5 = 11.5 cm

2

.

Cost of the silver plating on PBCR

= ar(PBCR) × Rate

= 11.5 × 20

= ` 230.00.

ASSESSMENT SHEET–16

1. (B) πr

2

= 1.54 ⇒ r

2

=

1.54

22

× 7 ⇒ r = 0.7 m

Number of revolutions =

176

22

2 0.7

7

× ×

= 40.

2. (A) This rhombus must be a square with

diagonals as the diameters of the circle.

πr

2

= 1256

⇒ r

2

=

1256 7

22

×

⇒ r = 20 cm (approx.)

∴ Diameters = d

1

= d

2

= 40 cm

∴Area of the rhombus =

1

2

× d

1

× d

2

=

1

2

× 40 × 40

= 800 cm

2

.

259 A E R A S E T A L E R D T O E L C R I C S

3. Minutes elapsed by minute hand

= 6.40 – 6.05 = 35

∵ Angle covered by minute hand in

60 minutes = 360°

∴ Angle covered by minute hand in

35 minutes =

360

60

°

°

× 35 = 210°

∴ Area = πr

2

×

210

360

°

°

=

2

22 7 275

× 5 × =

7 12 6

=

5

45

6

cm

2

.

4. True, because when areas are equal, the

radii are equal and so circumferences are

equal.

5. In ∆AOB, AB

2

= 20

2

= 400

And AO

2

+ BO

2

=

( ) ( )

2 2

10 2 10 2 +

= 400

i.e., AO

2

+ BO

2

= AB

2

⇒ ∠AOB = 90°

∴ ar(∆AOB) =

1

2

× AO × BO

=

1

2

×

10 2 10 2 ×

= 100 cm

2

ar(sector AOB) = π × (AO)

2

×

90

360

°

°

= 50π cm

2

ar(rectangle ABCD) = AB × BC

= 20 × 10 = 200 cm

2

Now, area of the shaded region

= ar(rectangle ABCD)

– ar(sector AOB) + ar (∆AOB)

= 200 – 50π + 100

= 300 – 50π = 50(6 – π) cm

2

.

6. r = 10 cm

Let AB is the chord

which subtend an

angle of 60° at centre

of circle.

∴ Area of corresponding segment

= Area of APB

A =

2

360°

r π θ

– ar(∆AOB)

As ∆AOB is equilateral

∴ A =

2

×60 π(10)

360°

–

3

× 10 × 10

4

=

157

25 3

3

¸ _

−

¸ ,

cm

2

.

7. Area of square ABCD = BC

2

= 14

2

= 196 cm

2

EFG, GHI, IJK and KLE are four semicircles

of radius

14 3 3

4

− −

= 2 cm each.

EGIK is a square of side as the diameter of

either circle, that is, 4 cm.

Sum of areas of the four semicircles

= 4 × area of one semicircle

= 4 ×

1

2

π × 2

2

= 8π cm

2

Area of square EGIK = (Side)

2

= 4

2

= 16 cm

2

Now, area of shaded region

= Area of square ABCD

– Sum of areas of four semi-

circles – Area of square EGIK

= 196 – 8π – 16

= (180 – 8π) cm

2

.

8. In right ∆ABC,

AC

2

= AB

2

+ BC

2

(Pythagoras theorem)

260 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

⇒ AC

2

= 14

2

+ 14

2

⇒ AC = 14 2 cm

ar(∆ABC) =

1

2

× Base × Height

=

1

2

× 14 × 14

= 98 cm

2

Radius of quadrant ABCP = AB = BC = 14 cm

ar(quadrant ABCP)

=

1

4

× Area of corresponding

circle

=

1

4

× π(AB)

2

=

1

4

×

22

7

× 14 × 14

= 154 cm

2

ar(semicircle ACQ) =

1

2

× π ×

2

AC

2

=

1

2

×

22

7

×

14 2

2

×

14 2

2

[∵ AC =

14 2

]

= 154 cm

2

Now, area of shaded portion

= ar(semicircle ACQ)

– ar(quadrant ABCP)

+ ar(∆ABC)

= 154 – 154 + 98 = 98 cm

2

.

Hence, area of shaded portion is 98 cm

2

.

CHAPTER TEST

1. (A) Two vertices of the

triangle should coincide

with the two extremities

of the diameter of the

semicircle and the third

one lies on the curve.

ar(∆ABC) =

1

2

× BC × AO

=

1

2

× 2r × r

= r

2

sq. units.

2. (B)

Hint: Diameter of circle = 16 cm

∴ Diagonal of a square = 2 × side.

2

× side = 16

side = 8 2

∴ Area of square =

2

(8 2)

= 128 cm

2

.

3. Let radius of given circle and side of given

square be r and a respectively.

Perimeter of the circle = perimeter of the

square

⇒ 2πr = 4a ⇒ r =

2a

π

Required ratio =

2

2

r

a

π

=

2

a

π

×

2

2

4a

π

=

4

π

=

4

22

7

=

14

11

i.e., 14 : 11.

4. True.

Let radius of smaller circle = r =

5

2

Let radius of larger circle = R =

5

.

2

2

∴ Ratio of areas =

2

2

R

r

π

π

=

2

2

5

2

2

5

2

= 2 : 1.

5. Length of arc = Length of the wire = 20 cm

Angle = 60° =

60

180

° × π

°

radian =

3

π

radian

Radius of the curve ABC

=

Length of arc

Angle

⇒ r =

20

3

π

=

60

π

cm.

261 A E R A S E T A L E R D T O E L C R I C S

Area of sector OABC =

3

2

π

π

× πr

2

=

1

6

× π ×

60 60 ×

π × π

=

600

π

cm

2

.

6. Let the angle subtended by arc at the centre

be θ.

Area of sector = 54π

⇒

360

θ

°

× π × (Radius)

2

= 54π

⇒

360

θ

°

× π × (36)

2

= 54π

⇒θ = 360° ×

54

36 36 ×

= 15°

Now, length of the arc = Radius × Angle in

radian

= 36 ×

15

180

°

°

× π

3π cm.

7. In ∆ABC,

BC = 48 cm, AC = 50 cm, AB = 14 cm

Here, AB

2

+ BC

2

= 14

2

+ 48

2

= 196 + 2304

= 2500 = (50)

2

= AC

2

So, ∆ABC is a right-angled triangle with

∠ABC = 90°

ar(∆ABC) =

1

2

× AB × BC

=

1

2

× 14 × 48

(A

1

) = 336 cm

2

... (i)

Now area of sectors drawn at each corner

of triangle ABC

(A

2

) =

2 2 2

3 1 2

+

360 360 360

r r r π θ π θ π θ

+

° ° °

=

2

360

r π

°

(θ

1

+ θ

2

+ θ

3

)

=

×5×5

360

π

°

× 180°

(Using Angle sum property)

=

25

2

π

=

25 × 3.14

2

= 25 × 1.57 = 39.25 cm

2

∴ Required area = A

1

– A

2

= 336 – 39.25 = 296.75 cm

2

.

8. See Assessment Sheet – 16, Sol. 7.

❑❑

262 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

9

Chapter

SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES

WORKSHEET– 93

1. (C) Edge of cube = 4 cm

∴Length of resulting cuboid = 4 + 4 = 8 cm

Breadth of resulting cuboid = 4 cm

Height of resulting cuboid = 4 cm

∴ Surface area = 2(lb + bh + hl)

= 160 cm

2

.

2. (B) Volume of big sphere

V

1

=

4

3

π (3)

3

Volume of 1 small sphere

V

2

=

4

3

π (0.3)

3

∴ Number of balls obtained

=

1

2

V

V

=

27

0.027

= 1000.

3. 3 : 1.

Hint: Volume of cylinder = V

1

= πr

2

h

Volume of cone = V

2

=

1

3

πr

2

h

∴ V

1

: V

2

= 1 :

1

3

= 3 : 1.

4. 176 mm

2

Hint:

Surface area of capsule

= Lateral surface area of cylinder

+ 2 × Lateral surface area of hemisphere

5. Volume of water filled in the cone

=

1

3

πr

2

h =

1

3

π× 4 × 4 × 12

= 64π cm

3

Let the number of lead shots be x.

So, volume of x lead shots =

1

4

× capacity

of the cone

⇒ x ×

4

3

π × (0.5)

3

=

1

4

× 64π

⇒ x =

16 3

4 0.125

×

×

=

48

0.5

= 96

Hence, the required number of shots is 96.

6. Volume of earth dug out = πr

2

h

=

22

7

× 7 × 7 × 20 = 154 × 20 = 3080 m

3

Area of platform= 22 × 14 − πr

2

= 22 × 14 −

22

7

× 7

2

= 154 m

2

Now, height of the platform

=

Volume of earth dug out

Area of platform

=

3080

154

= 20 m.

7. Radius of the pipe = r =

14

2

= 7 cm =

7

100

m

Rate of flowing of water

= 15 km/h

=

15 1000

3600

×

m/s =

25

6

m/s

Let the required time be t.

Water flowing through the pipe in 1 second

= πr

2

× Rate of water flowing

=

3

22 7 7 25

× × × m

7 100 100 6

=

3

77

m

1200

∴ Water flowing into the tank in t seconds

=

77

1200

t m

3

263

F R U S A E R A C A S N A D U L O V E M S E

This volume of the water is the same as

the volume of the water in the tank at the

height of 21 cm.

∴

77

1200

× t = 50 × 44 ×

21

100

⇒ t =

50 44 21 1200

77 100

× × ×

×

= 7200 seconds

⇒ t = 2 hrs.

8. r = 8 cm; R = 20 cm; h = 16 cm

∴ Slant height = l =

( )

2

2

+ R – h r

=

2 2

16 +12

=

400

= 20 cm.

∴ Total surface area of container

= πl (R + r) + πr

2

= π [l (R + r) + r

2

]

= 3.14 [20 × 28 + 64]

= 1959.36 cm

2

∴ Cost of metal sheet used

= 1959.36 ×

15

100

= ` 293.90.

WORKSHEET– 94

1. (A) Volume of sphere =

4

3

π(3)

3

Let length of wire = l.

Radius of wire (r) =

4

2

= 2 mm =

2

10

cm.

∴ Volume of wire = πr

2

l = π

2

2

10

× l

∴ Volume of sphere = Volume of wire

⇒

4

3

× 27 =

4

100

l

⇒ l = 900 cm.

2. (B)

Hint: V =

1 2 1 2

A A A A

3

h

1

+ +

¸ ]

= 5(20 + 8) = 140 cm

3

.

3. Let the base radii be 3x and 5x respectively

and let the same height be h.

V

1

=

2

1

(3 ) ×

3

x h π ; V

2

=

2

1

(5 ) ×

3

x h π

∴

1

2

V

V

=

2

2

9

25

x

x

, i.e., V

1

: V

2

= 9 : 25.

4. 53.625 cm

2

Hint:

H= height of cone

= 7.75 – 1.75

= 6 cm

l = slant height of

cone

=

2 2

H r +

∴ T.S.A.

= C.S.A. of cone + C.S.A. of hemisphere

= πrl + 2πr

2

= πr [l + 2r].

5. T.S.A. = C.S.A. + 2 × (C.S.A. of hemisphere)

= 2πrh + 2(2πr

2

) = 2πrh + 4πr

2

=

2πr [h + 2r] = 2 ×

22

7

× 3.5 [10 + 7]

= 2 × 22 × 0.5 × 17

= 374 cm

2

.

6. 4158 cm

3

Hint:

Volume of solid

= Volume of cone

+ Volume of hemisphere

=

1

3

πr

2

h +

2

3

πr

3

=

2

3

r π

(h + 2r).

264 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

7. Volume of material of hollow spherical shell

= External volume – Internal volume

=

3 3

4 4

(5) – (3)

3 3

π π

=

3 3

4

(5 – 3 )

3

π

=

3

4 × 98

cm

3

π

Let the radius of the cylinder be r.

Volume of the cylinder = πr

2

×

3

8

cm

3

As volume of the material will remain

same.

∴ πr

2

×

8

3

=

4 98

3

×

π

∴ r

2

= 49 ⇒ r = 7 ⇒ 2r = 14

Hence, the diameter of the cylinder is

14 cm.

8. Radius of bottom = r

1

=

20

2

= 10 cm

Radius of top = r

2

=

40

2

= 20 cm

Height = h = 12 cm

Volume of the bucket =

3

πh

(r

1

2

+ r

2

2

+ r

1

r

2

)

=

3.14 12

3

×

(10

2

+ 20

2

+ 10 × 20)

= 12.56 × 700 = 8792 cm

3

Slant height of the bucket

l =

( )

2

2

1 2

– + h r r

=

( )

2

2

12 20 – 10 +

=

244

=

2 61

= 2 × 7.81

= 15.62 cm

Surface area of the bucket

= π (r

1

+ r

2

) l + πr

1

2

= 3.14 × (10 + 20) × 15.62 + 3.14 × 100

= 1785.40 cm

2

= 17.85 dm

2

Now,

Cost = Surface area × Rate

= 17.85 × 1.20 = 21.42

Hence, the volume is 8792 cm

3

and cost is

` 21.42.

WORKSHEET– 95

1. (A) Let the increase in level be h.

Increase in volume of water = Volume of

the sphere

⇒ π × 8

2

× h =

3

4

× ×6

3

π

⇒ h = 4.5 cm.

2. (D) Let radius of the cone = r

2

1

3

r π x =

3

4

3

x π

⇒ r = 2x cm.

3. Let the required number of cubes be n.

Volume of n cubes = Volume of the ball

⇒ n × 1

3

=

4 22 21 21 21

× × × ×

3 7 2 2 2

⇒ n = 4851.

4. T.S.A. of remaining solid

= C.S.A. of cylinder

+ Area of circular base

+ C.S.A. of cone.

= 2πrh + πr

2

+ πrl

= πr [2h + r + l];

=

22

7

× 0.7 [4.8 + 0.7 + 2.5]

( ) ( )

2 2

2.4 0.7 2.5 cm l

1

∴ +

1

¸ ]

= 17.6 ≈ 18 cm

2

.

5. Volume of 1 conical depression

V

1

=

2

1

3

r h π

= ( )

2 1 22

× × 0.5 ×1.4

3 7

=

22 × 0.25 ×0.2

3

= 0.37

265

F R U S A E R A C A S N A D U L O V E M S E

∴ Volume of 4 conical depressions

V

2

= 4 × V

1

⇒ V

2

= 1.48 cm

3

Volume of wood in stand

= 15 × 10 × 3.5 – 1.48

= 523.52 cm

3

.

6. Let n cones are required.

Volume of ice cream in n cones

= Volume of ice cream in 4 cylinders

⇒

2 3

1 7 2 7

× × ×12 + ×

3 2 3 2

n

1

¸ _ ¸ _

π π

1

¸ , ¸ ,

1

¸ ]

= 4 × π ×

2

21

2

¸ _

¸ ,

× 38

⇒

2

1 7 7

× × × ×2 6 +

3 2 2

¸ _ 1

π

1

¸ , ¸ ]

n

= 4 × π ×

21×21

4

× 38

⇒

× 49 ×19

12

n

= 21 × 21 × 38

⇒ n = 3 × 3 × 2 × 12

⇒ n = 216.

7. 157.5 cm.

Hint: Volume of water flows out of pipe in

1 hour (V

1

) = π(1)

2

× 70 × 3600 cm

3

Let level of water rise in tank = h

Volume of tank (V

2

) = π(40)

2

× h

∴ V

1

= V

2

⇒ h =

70 3600

40 40

×

×

= 157.5 cm.

8.

4

782

7

cm

2

Hint: Area of sheet required = Surface area

of cylinder + Surface area of frustum

= 2πr

1

h + π(r

1

+ r

2

) l;

where r

1

= radius of smaller base

and r

2

= radius of larger base.

WORKSHEET– 96

1. (A) ∆ABC ~ ∆ADE

2

1

r

r

=

2h

h

⇒ r

2

= 2r

1

Volume of upper part

V

1

=

1

3

π r

1

2

h

Volume of lower part

V

2

=

1

3

πh (r

1

2

+ 4r

1

2

+ 2r

1

2

) =

2

1

7

3

πr h

∴ V

1

: V

2

= 1 : 7.

2. (C) Let required height = H.

πr

2

H +

2

1

3

πr h = 3 ×

2

1

3

πr h

⇒ H +

1

3

h = h ⇒ H =

2

3

h

.

3. Volume of whole solid

= Volume of cone + Volume of cylinder

+ Volume of hemisphere.

=

1

3

πr

2

H + πr

2

h +

2

3

πr

3

=

1

3

πr

2

[H + 3h + 2r]

=

( )

1 22 7 7

2.8 19.5 7

3 7 2 2

× × × × + +

=

22 7

29.3

3 4

×

×

×

= 376.016 cm

3

.

4. False, because the volume of the ball

having radius as

2

a

=

4

3

π

3

2

a

¸ _

¸ ,

=

3

4

24

a π .

5. Height of the cylinder = h = 20 cm.

Radius of the cylinder or of the hemisphere

= r =

10.5

2

= 5.25 cm

266 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Total surface area

= Curved surface area of the cylinder

+ 2 × curved surface area of

either hemisphere

= 2πrh + 2 × 2πr

2

= 2πr (h + 2r)

= 2 ×

22

7

× 5.25 (20 + 10.5)

= 33 × 30.5 = 1006.5 cm

2

.

6. Let the radius and slant height of the

conical heap be r and l respectively.

Volume of sand filled in the bucket

= π × (18)

2

× 32

Volume of sand in conical form

=

2

1

× ×24

3

π r

As volume of sand will remain same.

∴

2

1

× 24

3

πr = π × (18)

2

× 32

⇒ r

2

=

3 ×18 ×18 × 32

24

= 1296

⇒ r = 36 cm

Further, l =

( ) ( )

2 2

Radius Height +

=

2 2

36 24 + =

1872

= 12 13 cm

Thus, radius = 36 cm and slant height

= 12 13 cm.

7. Rate of water flowing =

5

6

m/sce

∴In 1 second water flows =

5

6

m

Internal diameter =

1

5

m

∴ Volume of water flows out from pipe

in 1 second = πr

2

h

=

2

22 1 5

× ×

7 10 6

=

3

11

m

420

.

Volume of water in tank = πr

2

h

=

2

22 10

× ×2

7 2

=

3

1100

m

7

∴ Time taken to fill the tank

=

1100

7

11

420

= 100 × 60 seconds

= 1 hr 40 min.

8. h = 16 cm, r

1

= 8 cm, r

2

= 20 cm

Capacity of container (frustum)

=

( )

2 2

1 2 1 2

+ +

3

h

r r r r

π

=

3.14 ×16

3

(8

2

+ 20

2

+ 8 × 20)

=

50.24

3

(64 + 400 + 160)

=

50.24

3

× 624 = 50.24 × 208

= 10449.92 cm

3

=

10449.92

1000

l

= 10.44992 l

Cost of milk

= Capacity in litres × Rate per litre

= 10.44992 × 20

= ` 208.9984 ` 209.

If l be the slant height of the frustum, then

l =

( )

2

2

2 1

– + h r r =

2 2

16 12 +

=

400

= 20 cm

Total surface area of the frustum

= π (r

1

+ r

2

) l + πr

1

2

= 3.14 [(8 + 20) × 20 + 8

2

]

= 3.14 × 624 = 1959.36 cm

2

Cost of metal sheet used

=

1959 . 36

×8

100

= 156.7488 ≈ ` 156.75

Thus, cost of milk is ` 209 and cost of metal

sheet is ` 156.75.

267

F R U S A E R A C A S N A D U L O V E M S E

WORKSHEET– 97

1. (A) Surface area of cone

= Surface area of hemisphere

⇒ πr

2 2

+ r h

= 2πr

2

⇒ r

2

+ h

2

= 4r

2

⇒ 3r

2

= h

2

⇒

2

2

r

h

=

1

3

⇒ r : h = 1 : 3 .

2. (D) N ×

3

4 4.2

×

3 2

¸ _

π

¸ ,

= 66 × 42 × 21

⇒ N =

66 ×42×21×3×7

4 ×22×2.1×2.1×2.1

= 1500.

3. Let H = 120 cm= height of cone

h = 180 cm= height of cylinder

r = 60 cm= radius of cone, cylinder

and hemisphere

∴ Volume of water left in cylinder

= Volume of cylinder – Volume of cone

– Volume of hemisphere

=

2 2 3

1 2

H

3 3

r h r r π − π − π

=

2

H 2

3 3

r h r

1

π − −

1

¸ ]

=

22

7

× 60 × 60 [180 – 40 – 40]

=

22

7

× 60 × 60 × 100 cm

3

= 1.131 m

3

.

4. False, because

3

4

R

3

π = 8 ×

3

4

3

πr ⇒ r =

R

2

.

5. r = 14 m

h = height of cone

= 13.5 – 3 = 10.5 m

H = height of cylinder

= 3 m

∴ l =

2 2

14 + 10.5

=

196 + 110.25

=

306.25

= 17.5 m

Area to be painted = C.S.A. of cone + C.S.A.

of cylinder.

= πrl + 2πrH = πr [l + 2H]

=

22

7

× 14 × 23.5 = 1034 m

2

∴ Cost = 1034 × 2 = ` 2068.

6.

r = radius of cone =

40

2

= 20 cm

h = height of cone = 24 cm

∴ Volume of cone (V

1

) =

1

3

πr

2

h cm

3

Also, volume of water flows out of pipe in

1 min

V

2

= πR

2

H

=

2

3

5

1000 cm

20

¸ _

π ×

¸ ,

Let conical vessel fills in 't' min.

∴ V

1

= t × V

2

268 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

⇒ t =

1

2

V

V

=

( )

2

1

20 24

3

5

1000

20

2

π ×

¸ _

π ×

¸ ,

400 ×8 ×400

25 ×1000

= 51.2 min.

= 51 min 12 sec.

7. r

1

= radius of small cylinder = 8 cm

h

1

= height of small cylinder = 60 cm

r

2

= radius of big cylinder = 12 cm

h

2

= height of big cylinder = 220 cm

Volume of pole

= Volume of small cylinder

+ Volume of big cylinder.

= πr

1

2

h

1

+ πr

2

2

h

2

= 3.14 × [64 × 60 + 144

× 200]

= 3.14 × [3840 + 31680]

= 111532.8 cm

3

∴ Mass = 111532.8 × 8 g

= 892.26 kg.

8. 340π m

2

Hint:

Quantity of canvas required

= C.S.A. of cone + C.S.A. of frustum.

WORKSHEET – 98

1. (A)

2. (C)

3. Number of bags =

Volumeof circular drum

Volumeof each bag

=

2

3.14×(4.2) × 3.5

2.1

≈

92.

4. L = 15 cm, B = 10 cm and H = 5 cm

Volume of block = L × B × H

= 15 × 10 × 5

= 750 cm

3

.

The hole is only possible throughout the

surface having area 15 cm × 10 cm.

Volume of circular hole

= πr

2

h =

2

22 7

× × 5

7 2

¸ _

¸ ,

=

22 7

5

4

×

×

=

154 5

4

×

= 192.5 cm

3

∴ Volume of remaining solid

= 750 − 192.5

= 557.5 cm

3

5. 6.521 kg (approx.)

Hint: Volume of metal in pipe = πh (R

2

– r

2

)

where, R = outer radius and r = inner radius.

Also, mass = volume × density.

6. Canal is in the form of cuboid.

So, width = 30 dm = 3 m

height = 12 dm = 1.2 m

length = distance travelled by water

in 30 min.

= 5 km = 5000 m

∴ Volume of water in canal = Volume of

cuboid

= 3 × 1.2 × 5000

= 18000 m

3

Let the required area for irrigation be

x square metre. Then

8

×

100

x = 18000

{

.

.

.

Area × height = volume}

⇒ x = 225000 m

2

.

269

F R U S A E R A C A S N A D U L O V E M S E

7. Let BO= r

∴ OD= r

AC =

2 2

15 20 +

= 225 400 +

=

625

= 25 cm.

Area of ∆ABC =

1

×BC× AB

2

=

1

15 20

2

× × = 150 cm

2

...(i)

Again area of ∆ABC

=

1

× AC× BO

2

=

1

×25×

2

r

...(ii)

From (i) and (ii), we obtain

r = 12 cm.

From ∆AOB,

AO =

2 2

20 12 − = 16 cm.

Now, volume of double cone

= Volume of cone BADOB + Volume

of cone BCDOB

= ( ) ( )

2 2 1 1

× 12 ×16 + × 12 × 9

3 3

π π

=

( )

1 22

× ×144 16 + 9

3 7

= 3771.43 cm

3

Surface area of double cone

= ×12×20 + ×12×15 π π

= ( )

22

×12 20 +15

7

= 1320 cm

2

.

8. Let height and radius of the original cone

ABC be AO = 3h and BO = 3r respectively.

As planes PQR and STU trisect the cone

ABC,

AQ = QT = TO = h

In ∆ABO, PQ & BO,

∴

PQ

BO

=

AQ

AO

⇒

PQ

3r

=

3

h

h

⇒ PQ = r

Similarly, ST = 2r

Now, V

APR

=

2

1

3

πr h ...(i)

V

PSUR

=

3

πh

[r

2

+ (2r)

2

+ r × 2r]

=

2

7

3

πr h ...(ii)

V

SBCU

=

3

πh

[(2r)

2

+ (3r)

2

+ 2r × 3r]

=

2

19

3

r h π ...(iii)

Using equations (i), (ii) and (iii), we get

V

APR

:

V

PSUR

:

V

SBCU :

= 1 : 7 : 19

Hence proved.

OR

1.05 l; 1961.14 cm

2

Hint: Capacity = Volume

=

( )

2 2

1 2 1 2

3

h

r r r r

π

+ +

Surface area =

( )

2

1 1 2

r r r l π +π + , r

1

< r

2

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 17

1. (C) π × 4x × 7x = 792

⇒ x

2

=

792 7

22 4 7

×

× ×

⇒ x = 3

⇒ Radius = 4x = 12 cm.

2. (B) ∆AMN ~ ∆AOC

⇒

h

h h

′

+ ′

=

2

1

r

r

⇒ h′r

1

= hr

2

+ h′r

2

⇒ h′(r

1

– r

2

) = hr

2

⇒ h′ =

2

2

–

hr

r r ′

⇒ h′ + h =

1

1 2

–

hr

r r

.

3. h = 12 m

π

2

1

r = 9 and π

2

2

r = 4

270 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

⇒

2

1

r

=

9

π

and

2

2

r =

4

π

Volume =

3

πh

× (

2

1

r +

2

2

r + r

l

r

2

)

=

×12

3

π 9 4 9 4

+ + ×

¸ _

π π π π

¸ ,

= 4π ×

1

π

(9 + 4 + 6) = 76 m

3

.

4. False, volume of the ball with radius

2

a

=

3

4

3 2

¸ _

π

¸ ,

a

=

3

1

6

πa .

5. Edge of the cube = l

Radius of the hemisphere

= r =

2

l

After cutting out the

hemispherical depres-

sion, the surface area of

the remaining solid

= Surface area of the cube + Inner

curved surface area of hemisphere

– Base area of the hemisphere

= 6l

2

+ 2πr

2

– πr

2

= 6l

2

+ πr

2

= 6l

2

+ π

2

2

l

¸ _

¸ ,

=

2

1

(24 )

4

l + π sq. units.

6. Let the width of the embankment be x.

Let radius of well (r)

=

7

2

m

Volume of the earth

dug out = πr

2

h

= π ×

2

7

2

¸ _

¸ ,

× 22.5

Volume of the embankment

= π (r + x)

2

H – πr

2

H

= πH (r + x + r) (r + x – r)

= π × 1.5 × (7 + x) x

Since, the embankment is formed by using

the earth dug out. Therefore, their volumes

should be equal.

i.e., π × 1.5 (7 + x) x = π ×

2

7

2

¸ _

¸ ,

× 22.5

⇒ 7x + x

2

=

15×7 ×7

2×2

⇒ 4x

2

+ 28x – 735 = 0

This is a quadratic equation in x. Now, we

have to solve it.

∴

( )

2

2 7 + x = 735 + 49 = 28

2

⇒ 2x + 7 = ± 28

⇒ x = 10.5, – 17.5

Since the width cannot be negative.

Therefore, x = 10.5

Hence, width of the embankment is 10.5 m.

7. Radius of the pipe = r =

14

2

= 7 cm

Rate of flowing the water = 15 km/hr

= 1500000 cm/hr

Volume of water flowing per hour from the

pipe = πr

2

h

=

2

22

7 1500000

7

× ×

= 22 × 7 × 1500000 cm

3

Volume of water required in the tanks

= Length × Width × Height

= 50 m × 44 m × 21 cm

= 5000 × 4400 × 21 cm

3

Required time

=

Volume of water required

Volume of water flowing per hour

=

5000 × 4400 × 21

22 ×7 ×1500000

= 2 hours.

8. In the adjoining figure,

in ∆ABE and ∆ACD,

BE CD, CD ⊥ AC and

BE ⊥ AC

⇒ ∆ABE ~ ∆ACD

⇒

AB

AC

=

BE

CD

⇒

2

h

h

=

R

r

⇒ r =

R

2

⇒ r = 5 cm ... (i)

(∵ R = 10 cm as given)

271

F R U S A E R A C A S N A D U L O V E M S E

V

1

= Volume of upper part =

2

1

3

r h π

=

1

× 25

3

h π ...(ii)

[Using (i)]

V

2

= Volume of lower part

=

2 2

1

( R R)

3

π + + h r r

=

( )

1

25 +100 +50

3

πh

=

1

×175

3

πh ... (iii)

∴ Required ratio

1

2

V

V

=

1

×25

3

1

×175

3

π

π

h

h

[Using(ii) and (iii)]

=

1

7

Hence, the ratio of the volumes of the two

parts is 1 : 7.

ASSESSMENT SHEET– 18

1. (B) C.S.A. = Inner C.S.A. + Outer C.S.A.

= 2π

2

1

r + 2π

2

2

r = 2π ( )

2 2

1 2

+ r r

.

2. (A) n ×

4

3

π×

3

6

2

¸ _

¸ ,

= ( )

2

1

12 24

3

π × ×

⇒ n =

12×12×8 ×3

4 ×3×3×3

n = 32.

3. πr

2

h = 448 π ⇒ r

2

× 7 = 448

⇒ r =

64

⇒ r = 8 cm

Curved surface area = 2πrh = 2 ×

22

7

× 8 × 7

= 352 cm

2

.

4. False, sides become a, a and 2a and so surface

area will become

2(a × a + a × 2a + 2a × a) = 2(a

2

+ 2a

2

+ 2a

2

)

= 10a

2

.

5. Let the edge of the cube be a and the radius

of the sphere be r.

Surface area of the sphere

= Surface area of the cube

⇒ 4πr

2

= 6a

2

⇒ r

2

=

2

6

4π

a

⇒ r =

3

2π

a

Volume of the sphere (V

1

) =

3

4

3

r π

=

3

2

3

4 3

3 2

a

¸ _

π

π ¸ ,

Volume of the cube (V

2

) = a

3

∴ Ratio in their volumes

1

2

V

V

=

3

2

3

4 3

3 2

a

¸ _

π

π ¸ ,

: a

3

=

–3 –3

2

2 2

–3

2

2 × 2 × ×

3 × 3

π π

a

3

: a

3

=

1

2 ×

1

3

π

a

3

: a

3

=

6

π

: 1.

∴ V

1

: V

2

= 1 :

6

π

.

6. h = 7 cm; r =

5

2

mm = 0.25 cm

Volume of the barrel = πr

2

h

=

22

×0.25 ×0.25 ×7

7

= 1.375 cm

3

Volume of ink in the bottle

=

1

5

litre =

3

1

1000 cm

5

× = 200 cm

3

Number of barrels filled by the ink of bottle

=

200

1.375

=

200000

1375

=

1600

11

∵ Number of words written by 1 barrel = 330

272 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

∴ Number of words written by

1600

11

barrels

= 330 ×

1600

11

= 48000.

7. The given hollow

cone of base radius r

2

is cut at a distance h

1

from the vertex of it.

The upper part is also

a cone of height h

1

,

base radius r

1

and the

slant height l

1

. The

remaining part is a frustum of height h

2

, base

radii r

1

, r

2

and slant height l

2

. Thus, the height

and slant height of the whole cone will be h

1

+ h

2

and l

1

+ l

2

respectively (see figure).

∆ABC ~ ∆ADE (AA criterion of similarity)

⇒

AD

AB

=

DE

BC

=

AE

AC

⇒

1 2

1

+ h h

h

=

2

1

r

r

=

1 2

1

+ l l

l

... (i)

⇒

2

1

1 +

h

h

= 1 +

2

1

l

l

⇒

1

2

h

h

=

1

2

l

l

... (ii)

Curved surface of the frustum =

8

9

× curved

surface of the whole cone

⇒ π (r

1

+ r

2

) l

2

=

8

9

πr

2

(l

1

+ l

2

)

⇒ 9r

1

l

2

+ 9r

2

l

2

= 8r

2

l

1

+ 8r

2

l

2

⇒ 8r

2

l

1

– 9r

1

l

2

= r

2

l

2

⇒

1

2

8 l

l

–

1

2

9 r

r

= 1

(Dividing throughout by r

2

l

2

)

⇒ 8

1

2

h

h

– 9

1

1 2

¸ _

+

¸ ,

h

h h

= 1

[Using (i) and (ii)]

⇒

2

1 1 2 1 2

2 1 2

8 + 8 – 9

( + )

h h h h h

h h h

= 1

⇒ 8

2

1

h – h

1

h

2

= h

1

h

2

+

2

2

h

⇒ 8

2

1

h –

2

2

h = 2h

1

h

2

⇒ 8

1 2

2 1

–

h h

h h

= 2

(Dividing throughout by h

1

h

2

)

⇒ Put

1

2

h

h

= x to get

⇒ 8x –

1

x

= 2

⇒ 8x

2

– 2x – 1 = 0

⇒ (2x – 1) (4x + 1) = 0

⇒ x =

1

2

or x =

1

–

4

Since ratio of heights can't be negative,

so x ≠

1

–

4

∴ x =

1

2

⇒

1

2

h

h

=

1

2

⇒ h

1

: h

2

= 1 : 2

Hence the plane divides the altitude of the

cone in the ratio 1 : 2.

8. Radius of cylindrical vessel = R =

21

2

cm and

height of it = H = 38 cm

Volume of each cylindrical vessel = πR

2

H

Volume of ice cream in 4 vessels = 4πR

2

H

Radius of cone = r =

7

2

cm

Height of cone = h = 12 cm

Volume of ice cream in the

each conical shape =

2

1

3

πr h

Radius of hemisphere = r =

7

2

cm

Volume of ice cream in each hemispherical

shape =

3

2

3

πr

273

F R U S A E R A C A S N A D U L O V E M S E

∴ Volume of ice cream in one cone

=

2 3

1 2

3 3

π + π r h r

=

2

1

( 2 )

3

r h r π +

Number of required cones

=

Volume of ice creamin 4

cylindrical vessels

Volume of ice creamin 1 cone

with hemispherical top

=

( )

2

2

4 R H

1

2

3

r h r

π

π +

=

( )

2

2

12R H

2 + r h r

=

( )

21 21

12 × × × 38

2 2

7 7

× × 12 + 7

2 2

=

12 × 3 ×3 ×38

19

= 216.

CHAPTER TEST

1. (D)

1

2

V

V

64

27

⇒

3

1

3

2

4

3

4

3

r

r

π

π

3

3

4

3

⇒

1

2

r

r

4

3

1

2

S

S

2

1

2

2

4

4

π

π

r

r

2

1

2

¸ _

¸ ,

r

r

2

4

3

¸ _

¸ ,

16

9

∴ S

1

: S

2

= 16 : 9.

2. (A) 49 × 33 × 24 =

3

4 22

× ×

3 7

r

⇒ r =

3

9261

⇒ r = 21 cm.

3. r

1

=

44

2

= 22 cm,

r

2

=

24

2

= 12 cm, h = 35 cm

Capacity =

3

πh

2 2

1 2 1 2

( ) r r r r + +

= ( )

22 35

× × 484+144+264

7 3

= 32706.67cm

3

=

32706.67

1000

l

= 32.7 l.

4. True, because capacity

=

2 3

2

–

3

π π r h r

=

2

(3 – 2 )

3

πr

h r .

5. Radius of each cone = r =

6

2

= 3 cm

Let the heights of the cone be h

1

and h

2

respectively.

∴ h

1

+ h

2

= 21 cm ...(i)

Given:

1

2

V

V

=

2

1

∴

2

1

2

2

1

3

1

3

r h

r h

π

π

=

2

1

⇒ h

1

= 2h

2

Substitute h

1

= 2h

2

in equation (i) to get

h

2

= 7 cm ∴ h

1

= 14 cm

Now, V

1

=

2

1

1

3

r h π =

2

1 22

× ×3 ×14

3 7

= 132 cm

3

and V

2

=

2

2

1

3

πr h =

2

1 22

× ×3 ×7

3 7

= 66 cm

3

Volume of remaining portion

= Volume of the cylinder – (V

1

+ V

2

)

= πr

2

× 21 – (132 + 66)

= ( )

2

22

3 21 – 132 66

7

× × +

= 594 – 198 = 396 cm

3

.

6. Let the edge of the new formed cube be a.

Note that volume of a cube = (Edge)

3

Sum of the volumes of three cubes

= Volume of the new formed cube

⇒ 3

3

+ 4

3

+ 5

3

= a

3

⇒ a

3

= 27 + 64 + 125

⇒ a = ( )

1

3

216

⇒ a = 6 cm

Hence, the required edge is 6 cm.

274 A M T H E M A T C S I X –

7. See Worksheet – 96, Sol. 6.

8. Let height of the building be h.

∴ Radius of dome or cylinder

= r =

2

3

h ×

1

2

=

1

3

h

Capacity of the building = 67

3

1

m

21

⇒ πr

2

(h – r) +

3

2

3

πr =

1408

21

⇒ πr

2

h – πr

3

+

3

2

3

πr =

1408

21

⇒

1

3

πr

2

(3h – r) =

1408

21

⇒

1

3

×

22

7

×

2

1

9

h

1

3 –

3

¸ _

¸ ,

h h =

1408

21

⇒ h

3

1408 ×21×9 ×3

22 ×8 ×21

⇒ h

3

216

⇒ h = 6 m

Hence, height of the building is 6 m.

❑❑

275

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

Practice Paper–1

SECTION-A

1. (C) D= b

2

– 4ac = (– 4)

2

– 4

( ) ( )

2 – 2

= 16 + 8 = 24.

2. (B) a = – 5, d =

1

2

∴ a

n

= a + (n – 1) d

⇒ a

n

= – 5 + (n – 1)

1

2

= – 5 +

2

n

–

1

2

=

– 11

2 2

n

+ = ( )

1

– 11

2

n .

3. (C) M is the nearest point from P because

PMO is a straight line.

PO

2

= OQ

2

+ PQ

2

(∵ ∠Q = 90°)

⇒ (PM+ 6)

2

= 6

2

+ 8

2

⇒ PM + 6 = 10

⇒ PM= 4 cm.

4. (C) ∵ tan P =

AB

BP

=

2

2 3

=

1

3

= tan 30°

∴ P = 30°.

5. (D)As we know AB + DC= AD + BC

⇒ 18 + x = 16 + 10

⇒ 18 + x = 26

⇒ x = 8 cm.

6. (C)

∵

Arc length =

180

π θ

°

r

⇒ 3π =

(6)

180

π θ

°

⇒

3 180

6

π × °

π ×

= θ

∴ θ = 90°.

7. (D)

∵

∠OPQ = ∠OPT – ∠QPT

= 90° – 60°

= 30°.

8. (C) N ×

4

3

× π ×

3

6

2

= π ×

2

4

2

× 45

⇒ N× 36 × π = π × 4 × 45

⇒ N=

180

36

= 5.

9. (A) In a single throw of die, the even

number may be 2, 4 or 6.

∴ P(getting an even number) =

3

6

=

1

2

.

10. (D) Let the required angle be θ.

We know that angle between tangents

and the angle between corresponding

radii are supplementary

∴ θ + 35° = 180°

⇒ θ = 145°.

SECTION-B

11. V

1

= Volume of cone =

2

1

3

πr h

= ( )

2

1

2.1 8.4

3

× π × ×

V

2

= Volume of sphere =

3

4

R

3

π

As V

1

= V

2

∴

3

4

R

3

π = ( )

2

1

× 2.1 ×8.4

3

π

⇒ R

3

= (2.1)

3

⇒ R = 2.1 cm.

12. As ∠APB = 80°

⇒ ∠APO= 40°

(

.

.

.

OP bisect ∠APB)

Also ∠PAO= 90°

∴ In ∆OAP,

∠A + ∠P + ∠O= 180°

⇒ ∠O= 50°

⇒ ∠POA= 50°.

PRACTICE PAPERS

276

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

13. We have kx

2

– 5x + k = 0

∴ Comparing it with ax

2

+ bx + c = 0,

we get a = k, b = – 5 and c = k.

For real and equal roots,

b

2

– 4ac = 0 ⇒ 25 – 4k

2

= 0

⇒ 4k

2

= 25 ⇒ k = ±

5

2

.

14. Let the common difference of the two

A.P.’s be d. Then, their n

th

terms are:

a

n

= 3 + (n – 1)

.

d

and a′

n

= 8 + (n – 1)

.

d

∴ a

n

– a′

n

= 3 + (n – 1)

.

d – 8 – (n – 1)

.

d

= – 5 for all n∈N

∴ a

2

– a′

2

= – 5.

15. The coordinates of centroid are:

1 2 3 1 2 3

+ + + +

,

3 3

x x x y y y

=

0 + 8 + 6 8 +12 + 0

,

3 3

=

14 20

,

3 3

.

16. Since A(x, y), B(1, 2), C(7, 0) are collinear.

So ar(∆ABC) = 0

⇒

1

2

x(2 – 0) + 1(0 – y) + 7(y – 2) = 0

⇒ 2x – y + 7y – 14 = 0

⇒ x + 3y – 7 = 0.

17. Total number of cards = 1000

The cards each bearing a perfect square

number greater than 500 are: 529, 576,

625, 676, 729, 784, 841, 900 and 961.

∴ Number of such cards = 9

(i) P(the first player wins a prize)

=

9

1000

(ii) After winning the first player:

Number of total cards = 999

and number of card each bearing a

perfect square number greater than

500 = 8

∴ P(the second player wins a prize, if

the first has won) =

8

999

.

18. Let OAB be the given sector.

Then perimeter of OAB = 22 cm

⇒ OA + OB + l = 22 cm

⇒ 6 + 6 + l = 22 cm

⇒ l = 10 cm

∴ Area of sector =

1

2

lr

=

1

2

× 10 × 6 = 30 cm

2

.

OR

ND =

CD

2

=

12

2

= 6 cm

MB =

AB

2

=

16

2

= 8 cm

In ∆ODN, ON =

2 2

OD – ND

∴ ON =

2 2

10 – 6

=

64

= 8 cm

In ∆ OBM, OM =

2 2

OB – MB

∴ OM =

2 2

10 – 8

=

36

= 6 cm

∴ Required distance,

i.e., MN =ON – OM = 8 – 6 = 2 cm.

SECTION-C

19. tan θ =

15

8

=

AB

BC

⇒ AB = 15k and BC = 8k

⇒ AC =

2 2

225 64 + k k

= 17k.

∴ 17k = 90

⇒ k =

90

17

∴ AB = 15k =

15 ×90

17

= 79.41 m.

⇒ Height of kite above the ground is

79.41 m.

277

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

20. Given equation is 4x

2

+ 4bx – (a

2

– b

2

) = 0

Comparing with Ax

2

+ Bx + C = 0, we get

A = 4, B = 4b, C = – (a

2

– b

2

)

∴ D = B

2

– 4AC

⇒ D = 16b

2

+ 16(a

2

– b

2

)

= 16a

2

> 0

∴ Two distinct real roots are given by

x =

– B ± D

2 A

=

2

– 4 16

8

± b a

=

– 4 4

8

± b a

∴ x =

–

2

a b

or

–

2

a b +

.

21. Let first term of an A.P. = a

and common difference = d

∴ a

m

=

1

n

⇒ a + (m – 1)d =

1

n

...(i)

and a

n

=

1

m

⇒ a + (n – 1)d =

1

m

...(ii)

Subtract equation (ii) from (i),

(m – n)d =

1

n

–

1

m

⇒ (m – n)d =

– m n

mn

⇒ d =

1

mn

Using d in (i), we get

a + (m –1)

1

mn

=

1

n

⇒ a +

1

n

–

1

mn

=

1

n

⇒ a =

1

mn

∴ S

mn

=

2

mn

{2a + (mn – 1)d}

=

2

mn ( ) – 1 2 ¹ ¹

+

, ,

¹ ¹

mn

mn mn

S

mn

=

1

( 1)

2

+ mn .

Hence proved.

22. We have

SP =

( ) ( )

2

2

2

– 2 – 0 + at a at

= a

( )

2

2 2

– 1 4 t t +

=

4 2 2

1 – 2 4 a t t t + +

=

4 2

2 1 a t t + +

=

( )

2

2

1 a t + = a ( )

2

1 + t

and SQ=

2 2

2

2

– – 0

a a

a

t t

¸ _ ¸ _

+

¸ , ¸ ,

=

( )

2

2 2

2

4 2

1–

4

a t

a

t t

+

⇒ SQ=

2

a

t

( )

2

2 2

1– 4 + t t

=

2

a

t

( )

2

2

1 + t

=

2

a

t

(1 + t

2

)

∴

1 1

SP SQ

+ =

( ) ( )

2

2 2

1

1 1

+

+ +

t

a t a t

=

( )

2

2

1

1

+

+

t

a t

=

1

a

;

which is independent of t.

Hence proved.

23. As we know that opposite sides of the

circumscribing quadrilateral sub-tend

supplementary angles at the centre of the

circle.

278

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

∴ ∠DOC + ∠AOB = 180°

⇒ 95° + ∠AOB = 180°

⇒ ∠AOB = 180° – 95° = 85°

Similarity, ∠AOD + ∠BOC = 180°

⇒ ∠AOD + 92° = 180°

⇒ ∠AOD = 180° – 92° = 88°.

24. Let A ≡ (3, – 4) and B ≡ (1, 2).

As AP = PQ = QB.

So AP : PB = 1 : 2

∴ Using section formula,

p =

.

1 (1) + 2(3)

1 + 2

=

7

3

again Q is mid-point of PB.

∴ Using mid-point formula,

q =

– 2 +2

2

= 0.

Thus, p =

7

3

; q = 0.

25.

∴ A’BC’ is required triangle.

OR

AP and AQ are required tangents.

26. OA = 7 cm = R (say)

∴ Area of outer circle

= πR

2

= π (7)

2

=

22

7

× 49 = 154 cm

2

Also OD = OA = 7 cm

∴ r =

7

2

cm

∴ Area of smaller circle

= πr

2

=

22 7 7

7 2 2

× ×

=

77

2

= 38.5 cm

2

.

∴ Required area= 154 – 38.5

= 115.5 cm

2

.

OR

The sectors made by drawing arcs are

equal in area.

279

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

Sum of areas of the three sectors

=

2

60

3 × × ×5

360

°

π

°

.

⇒ Area of shaded region

=

1

3 × × ×25

6

π

=

25

2

π cm

2

Area of equilateral triangle ABC

=

2

3

10

4

× =

2

25 3 cm

Now, area of unshaded region

= Area of ∆ABC – Area of shaded

region

=

25

25 3 –

2

π

= 25 × 1.732 –

25

×3.14

2

= 43.3 – 39.25

= 4.05 cm

2

.

27. Since each design

occupy an area equal to

a segment of a circle of

radius 28 cm and having

central angle 60°.

∴ Area of 6 designs

= 6 ×

2 2 2

– sin cos cm

360 2 2

r r

θ θ θ

× π

°

= 6 ×

60 22

×

360 7

°

°

× 28 × 28 – 28 × 28

× sin 30°

.

cos 30°

cm

2

= 6 × 28 × 28

1 22 1 3

× – ×

6 7 2 2

= 2464 – 1999.2 = 464.8 cm

2

∴ Cost of making the designs

= 464.8 × 3.50

= ` 1626.80.

28. Hint: Total events = 36

Even sum: 2; (1, 1)

4; (2, 2), (1, 3), (3, 1)

6; (1, 5), (5, 1), (2, 4), (4, 2), (3, 3)

8; (2, 6), (6, 2), (3, 5), (5, 3), (4, 4)

10; (4, 6), (6, 4), (5, 5)

12; (6, 6)

∴Number of favourable events = 18

∴ Required probability =

18 1

36 2

= .

OR

Total number of balls = 10 + 5 + 7 = 22

(i) Probability of drawing a red ball

=

Number of red balls

Total number of balls

=

10

22

=

5

11

(ii) Probability of drawing a green ball

=

Number of green balls

Total number of balls

=

7

22

(iii) Probability of drawing a blue ball

=

Number of blue balls

Total number of balls

=

5

22

∴ Probability of drawing not a blue ball

= 1 – Probability of

drawing a blue ball

= 1 –

5

22

=

17

22

.

SECTION-D

29. Height of the cylinder h = 2.4 cm

and radius r =

1.4

2

= 0.7 cm

Also height of the conical cavity

= 2.4 cm

and radius = 0.7 cm

∴ Slant height of the cavity l

=

2 2

+ l h

=

2 2

(0.7) +(2.4)

=

6.25

= 2.5 cm.

280

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Now, T.S.A. of remai-

ning solid = C.S.A. of

cylinder + C.S.A. of

cone + Area of base

of cylinder.

⇒ 2πrh + πrl + πr

2

⇒ πr (2h + l + r)

=

22

7

× 0.7

(4.8 + 2.5 + 0.7)

= 17.6 cm

2

≅ 18 cm

2

.

30. Let V = Volume of pool

Let x = Number of hours required by

second pipe to fill the pool

∴ x + 5 = Number of hours taken by first

pipe to fill the pool

x – 4 = Number of hours taken by third

pipe to fill the pool.

The parts of pool

filling in one hour

by first, second and

third pipe would be

V

+5 x

,

V

x

and

V

– 4 x

respectively.

∴ According to question,

V V

+

+ 5 x x

=

V

– 4 x

⇒

1 1

+

+ 5 x x

=

1

– 4 x

⇒ (2x + 5)(x – 4) = x

2

+ 5x

⇒ x

2

– 8x – 20 = 0

⇒ x

2

– 10x + 2x – 20 = 0

⇒ (x – 10)(x + 2) = 0

⇒ x = 10 or x = – 2

∴ x = 10.

(Value with negative sign is rejected)

Hence times required by first, second and

third pipe to fill the pool individually are

15 hours, 10 hours and 6 hours

respectively.

OR

Let Nisha’s present age be x years, so at

present Asha’s age be (x

2

+ 2) years when

Nisha grows to her mother’s present age,

i.e., (x

2

+ 2) years then Asha’s age would

be (10x – 1) years.

That means Nisha grows (x

2

+ 2x – x) year

and hence Asha also grows the same

years. That means Asha’s age would be

{(x

2

+ 2) + (x

2

+ 2 – x)} years.

Now equating Asha’s both of above

mentioned ages, we get:

(x

2

+ 2) + (x

2

+ 2 – x) = 10x – 1

⇒ 2x

2

– x + 4 = 10x – 1

⇒ 2x

2

– 11x + 5 = 0

⇒ 2x

2

– 10x – x + 5 = 0

⇒ 2x(x – 5) – 1 (x – 5) = 0

⇒ (x

– 5) (2x – 1) = 0 ∴ x = 5,

1

2

But x =

1

2

does not satisfy all the given

conditions.

Therefore, Nisha’s present age = 5 years

and Asha’s present age = x

2

+ 2 = 27 years.

31. Join OA, OC, OB;

and also join OE,

OF; E and F being

point of contacts.

Now, radius of

circle

= OD = OE

= OF = 4 cm

and BC = CD + DB = 14 cm

Also CD= CF = 6 cm

and BD= BE = 8 cm.

Let AF = AE = x

⇒ AC = 6x; AB = 8 + x

∴ a =14, b = 6 + x, c = 8 + x

Now, using Heron’s formula

ar(∆ABC) = ( – )( – )( – ) s s a s b s c

where, s =

+ +

2

a b c

=

14 + 6 + + 8 +

2

x x

= 14 + x

281

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

∴ar(∆ABC) = (14 + ) × ×8 ×6 x x

= 48 (14 + ) x x ... (i)

Also,

ar(∆ABC) = ar(∆OBC) + ar(∆OAB)

+ ar(∆OAC)

=

1 1

× BC × OD + AB × OE

2 2

1

+ × AC × OF

2

=

1

× 4 ×(BC + AB + AC)

2

= 2(14 + 6 + x + 8 + x)

= 56 + 4x ... (ii)

∴ From (i) and (ii),

48 (14 + ) x x = 56 + 4x

4 3 (14 + ) x x = 56 + 4x

3 (14 + ) x x = 14 + x

Squaring both sides, we get

⇒ 3x (14 + x) = (14 + x)

2

⇒ 3x = 14 + x

⇒ 2x = 14

⇒ x = 7

∴ AB = 8 + x = 15 cm

And AC = 6 + x = 13 cm.

OR

We have, radius (OP) = 5 cm = OE and

OT = 13 cm.

OP ⊥ PT so in right-angled ∆OPT,

OP

2

+ PT

2

= OT

2

(Pythagoras Theorem)

⇒ 5

2

+ PT

2

= 13

2

⇒ PT =

169 – 25

= 12 cm.

Let AE = x so PA = x.

⇒ TA= PT – PA = 12 – x

As OE ⊥ AB, in right-angled ∆AET,

AE

2

+ ET

2

= AT

2

⇒ x

2

+ (8)

2

= (12 – x)

2

⇒ x

2

+ 64 = 144 – 24x + x

2

⇒ 24x = 80 ∴ x =

80

24

=

10

3

cm

Similarly, BE =

10

3

cm

Therefore, AB = AE + BE =

20

3

cm.

32. r

1

= Radius of top

= 28 cm

r

2

= Radius of bottom

= 7 cm

V = Capacity

= 21560 cm

3

h = Height of bucket

∴ V=

2 2

1 2 1 2

1

( + + )

3

h r r r r π

⇒ 21560 =

1 22

×

3 7

h (784 + 49 + 196)

⇒ 20580 = h × 1029

⇒ h = 20 cm.

Now, whole surface area (S)

= πr

2

2

+ π(r

1

+ r

2

)l

Here, l =

2 2

1 2

+ ( – ) h r r

= 400 + 441

= 841 = 29 cm

∴ S =

22

7

× (7)

2

+

22

7

(28 + 7) × 29

=

22

7

× (49 + 35 × 29)

= 3344 cm

2

.

33. Cash prizes are:

` 320, ` 280, ` 240, ` 200, ` 160, ` 120, ` 80.

282

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Hint: S

7

= 1400; d = – 40; n = 7

∴ 1400 =

7

2

[2a – 6 × 40]

(∵ S

n

=

2

n

{2a + (n – 1)d})

⇒ 200 = a – 120

⇒ a = 320.

34. In Figure, PC

denotes the multi-

storeyed building

and AB denotes

the 8 m tall

building. We are

interested to deter-

mine the height of the multi-storeyed

building, i.e., PC and the distance between

the two buildings, i.e., AC.

Look at the figure carefully. Observe that

PB is a transversal to the parallel lines PQ

and BD. Therefore, ∠QPB and ∠PBD are

alternate angles, and so are equal. So

∠PBD = 30°. Similarly, ∠PAC = 45°.

In right-angled ∆PBD, we have

PD

BD

= tan 30° =

1

3

or BD = PD 3

In right-angled ∆PAC, we have

PC

AC

= tan 45° = 1

i.e., PC = AC

Also, PC = PD + DC.

Therefore, PD + DC = AC.

Since, AC = BD and DC = AB = 8 m,

we get

PD + 8 = BD = PD 3

This gives

PD =

( )

( )( )

8 3 +1

8

=

3 – 1 3 +1 3 – 1

=

( )

m 4 3 +1 .

So, the height of the multi-storeyed

building =

( ) { }

4 3 + 1 + 8 m= 4

( )

3 + 3 m

and the distance between the two buildings

is also 4

( )

3 + 3 m.

Practice Paper –2

SECTION-A

1. (A) D > 0

⇒ 6

2

– 4 × 1 × k > 0

⇒ k < 9.

2. (D) 5

th

term from the end

= 201 + (5 – 1) × (– 2)

= 201 – 8

= 193.

3. (B) 7

Hint: To draw a triangle similar to a given

triangle with a scalar factor

p

q

, p > 0, q > 0,

we should locate the number of points

which is greater of p and q.

4. (C) Sum of opposite sides of a

quadrilateral having a circle inscribed it

are equal.

∴ PQ + RS = PS + QR.

5. (B) Join AC and PC.

PC bisects ∠APB

⇒ ∠APC = 45°

⇒ ∠ACP = 45°

In ∆APC,

∠APC = ∠ACP

⇒ AC = AP = 4 cm

⇒ Length of each tangent = 4 cm.

283

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

6. (A)

4

3

π R

3

= 49 × 33 × 24

⇒

3

4 22

R

3 7

× ×

= 49 × 33 × 24

⇒ R

3

=

49 × 33 × 24 × 3 × 7

4 × 22

= 49 × 7 × 3 = 7

3

× 3

3

= (21)

3

∴ R = 21 units.

7. (B) Average

=

3 5 5 7 7 7 9 9 9 9

10

+ + + + + + + + +

= 7

P(selected number is 7) =

3

10

.

8. (B) In quadrilateral POQT,

∠P + ∠O + ∠Q + ∠T = 360°

⇒ 90° + 110° + 90° + ∠T= 360°

⇒ ∠PTQ= 70°.

9. (D) r =

4.2

2

= 2.1 cm;

h = 4.2 cm

Volume=

2

1

3

r h π

h = ×

1 22

× 2.1× 2.1 × 4.2

3 7

= 19.404 cm

3

≈ 19.4 cm

3

.

10. (A) In right ∆ABC,

sin 30° =

6

AC

⇒

1

2

=

6

AC

⇒ AC = 12 m.

SECTION-B

11. r

1

=

8

2

= 4 m , r

2

=

4

2

= 2 m; h = 6 m

Volume of frustum

= π + +

2 2

1 2 1 2

1

( )

3

h r r r r

=

1 22

× × 6(16 + 4 + 8)

3 7

=

44

7

× 28 = 176 m

3

.

Thus, the capacity of the reservoir is 176 m

3

or 176 kl.

12. Let E be the event of getting the sum as a

perfect square.

∴ E = {(1, 3), (2, 2), (3, 1), (3, 6), (4, 5),

(5, 4), (6, 3)}

∴ n(E) = 7,

Now, P(E) =

(E)

(S)

n

n

=

7

36

. [∵ n(S) = 36]

13. Since –4 is a root of x

2

+ px – 4 = 0

⇒ (– 4)

2

+ p(– 4) – 4 = 0

⇒ 16 – 4p – 4 = 0

⇒ 4p = 12 ⇒ p = 3.

Also as the equation x

2

+ px + k = 0 has

equal roots.

∴ D = 0 ⇒ b

2

– 4ac = 0

⇒ p

2

– 4k = 0

⇒ 9 – 4k = 0

(∵ p = 3)

⇒ k =

9

4

.

OR

False, because consider the equation

2x

2

+ 3x – 1 = 0; its coefficients are all rational

but its roots are x =

– 3 9+8

2 2

±

×

=

– 3 17

4

±

both of them are irrational.

14. The numbers are: 3, 9, 15, 21,.......,99.

∴ It is an A.P.

⇒ Let a = 3, d = 6

a

n

= 99

⇒ a + (n – 1)d = 99

⇒ 3 + (n – 1) × 6 = 99 ⇒ n = 17

284

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

∴ Required sum= S

n

=

2

n

(a + a

n

)

S

17

=

17

2

(3 + 99) = 867.

15. True.

Let PQ be the tangent at A to the circum-

circle of isosceles ∆ABC.

Given: AB = AC.

∴ ∠ABC = ∠ACB

Construction: Draw AD; perpendicular

bisector of BC as AB = AC.

∴ Perpendicular bisector of BC will pass

through A as well as centre of circle O.

∠1 + ∠2 = 90° and ∠3 + ∠4 = 90°

⇒ ∠2 = ∠3

⇒ ∠CAQ= ∠ACB.

So ∠ACB = ∠QAC

Therefore, PQ|| BC

(∵ Alternate interior angle pair is equal).

16. Here, r

1

= 6 cm,

r

2

= 12 cm

and h = 8 cm

Slant height (l)

= +

2 2

2 1

( – ) r r h

= +

2 2

(12 – 6) 8

= 36 64 + = 10 cm.

17. Let the required ratio be λ : 1.

We will use section formula:

x =

1 2 2 1

1 2

m x m x

m m

+

+

Here, x =

3

4

, x

1

=

1

2

, x

2

= 2, m

1

= λ, m

2

= 1

∴

3

4

=

1

× 2 + 1 ×

2

+1

λ

λ

⇒ 8λ + 2 = 3λ + 3

⇒ 5λ = 1 ⇒ λ =

1

5

∴ λ : 1 =

1

5

: 1 = 1 : 5.

Thus, required ratio is 1 : 5.

18. Area of the triangle

=

1

2

{x

1

(y

2

– y

3

) + x

2

(y

3

– y

1

) + x

3

(y

1

– y

2

)}

=

1

2

{9(7 + 4) + 4(– 4 – 2) + 7(2 – 7)}

=

1

2

(99 – 24 – 35)

=

1

2

× 40 = 20 sq. units.

SECTION-C

19. Let the point on the y-axis be P(0, y) and

on the x-axis be Q(x, 0).

For point P:

∵ PA= PB

⇒ PA

2

= PB

2

⇒ (0 – 6)

2

+ (y – 5)

2

= (0 + 4)

2

+ (y – 3)

2

⇒ 36 + y

2

– 10y + 25 = 16 + y

2

– 6y + 9

⇒ 4y = 36 ⇒ y = 9.

For point Q:

QA= QB

⇒ QA

2

= QB

2

⇒ (x – 6)

2

+ (0 – 5)

2

= (x + 4)

2

+ (0 – 3)

2

⇒ x

2

– 12x + 36

+ 25 = x

2

+ 8x + 16 + 9

⇒ 20x = 36

⇒ x =

9

5

.

∴ Required points are (0, 9) and

9

, 0

5

.

285

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

OR

Let in ∆ABC;

D(1, 2), E(0, – 1)

and F(2, – 1) be

the mid-points

of sides BC, AC

and AB respec-

tively.

Let A(x

1

, y

1

), B(x

2

, y

2

), C(x

3

, y

3

) be vertices

of ∆ABC.

Now, using mid-point formula

1 2

+

2

x x

= 2 ⇒ x

1

+ x

2

= 4 ...(i)

+

2 3

2

x x

= 1 ⇒ x

2

+ x

3

= 2 ...(ii)

+

3 1

2

x x

= 0 ⇒ x

3

+ x

1

= 0 ...(iii)

Similarly,

y

1

+ y

2

= – 2 ...(iv)

y

2

+ y

3

= 4 ...(v)

y

1

+ y

3

= – 2 ...(vi)

Adding equations (i), (ii) and (iii), we get

x

1

+ x

2

+ x

3

= 3 ...(vii)

And from equations (iv), (v) and (vi), we get

y

1

+ y

2

+ y

3

= 0 ...(viii)

By solving equation (vii) with equations (i),

(ii) and (iii) respectively pairwise, we have

x

3

= –1, x

1

= 1, x

2

= 3

Similarly, we can find that

y

3

= 2, y

1

= – 4, y

2

= 2

Thus, A = (1, – 4), B = (3, 2), C = (– 1, 2)

∴ Coordinates of the vertices are

(1, – 4); (3, 2) and (– 1, 2).

20. Let ABCD be

the square in

which A(–1, 2)

and C(3, 2) are

given vertices.

Let coordinates

of B are (x, y).

As AB = BC ⇒ AB

2

= BC

2

⇒ (x + 1)

2

+ (y – 2)

2

= (x – 3)

2

+ (y – 2)

2

⇒ (x + 1)

2

= (x – 3)

2

⇒ x

2

+ 2x + 1 = x

2

+ 9 – 6x

⇒ 8x = 8 ⇒ x = 1

Also ∠ B = 90°.

So, AB

2

+ BC

2

= AC

2

⇒ (x + 1)

2

+ (y – 2)

2

+ (x – 3)

2

+ (y – 2)

2

= (4)

2

+ 0

2

Put x = 1,

⇒ 4 + (y

2

+ 4 – 4y) + 4 + (y

2

+ 4 – 4y) = 16

⇒ 2(y

2

+ 4 – 4y) = 8

⇒ y

2

+ 4 – 4y = 4

⇒ y

2

– 4y = 0 ⇒ y(y – 4) = 0

⇒ y = 0 or y = 4

∴ Coordinates of B and D may be taken as

(1, 0) and (1, 4).

21. a = 5, l = 45, S

n

= 400

Now, S

n

=

2

n

{a + l} ⇒ 400 =

2

n

{5 + 45}

⇒ 50n = 800 ⇒ n = 16

Now a

n

= 45

⇒ a + (n – 1)

.

d = 45

⇒ 5 + (16 – 1)

.

d = 45 ⇒ 15d = 40

⇒ d =

40 8

15 3

Hence, number of terms is 16 and common

difference is

8

3

.

OR

Consider:

– 3 – 2 5 – 3

+

+ + +

a b a b a b

a b a b a b

+ +

............

11 terms

=

3 2

– + –

+ + + +

5 3

.............

–

+ +

a a b b

a b a b a b a b

a b

a b a b

¸ _ ¸ _

¸ , ¸ ,

¸ _

+ +

¸ ,

=

1 3 5 .........11terms

A.P.

a

a b

+ + +

¸ _

+

¸ ,

–

b

a b +

1 2 3 ......... 11 terms

A.P.

+ + + +

¸ _

¸ ,

=

a

a b +

¦ ¦

11

.

2 1 (11– 1) 2

2

¸ _

× +

¸ ,

–

b

a b +

( ) 11 1

11

2

+ ¹ ¹

, ,

¹ ¹

286

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

=

( ) ( ) 121 – 66

a b

a b a b + +

=

121 – 66 a b

a b +

=

11(11 – 6 ) a b

a b +

.

22. Let AB be the tower of height 22 m and

CD be an observer of height 1.5 m.

In ∆ACE, CE = DB = 20.5 m,

AE = AB – BE (i.e., CD)

= 22 – 1.5 = 20.5 m

and ∠ACE = θ

So, tan θ =

AE

CE

⇒ tan θ =

20.5

20.5

= 1

⇒ tan θ = tan 45° ∴ θ = 45°.

23. Join AB.

As OA = r; OP = diameter = 2r

As AP is tangent,

⇒ OA ⊥ AP

⇒ ∠OAP = 90°

∴ In right-angled ∆OAP,

sin (∠1) =

OA 1

= =

OP 2 2

r

r

⇒ ∠1 = 30°

Similarly, ∠2 = 30° ⇒ ∠APB = 60°

As AP = PB ⇒ ∠PAB = ∠PBA

Using Angle sum property in ∆APB,

∠PAB = ∠PBA = 60° = ∠APB

⇒ ∆APB is equilateral. Hence proved.

24. The ratio between sides is 3 : 2

Let ∆ ABC; AB = AC and AM ⊥ BC;

AM= 4 cm

∴ A′BC′ is required triangle such that

∆ A′ BC′ ~ ∆ ABC.

287

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

25. As AB = 28 cm;

BC = 21 cm;

∠B = 90°

⇒ AC

2

= AB

2

+ BC

2

⇒ AC

2

= 28

2

+ 21

2

= 784 + 441

= 1225

⇒ AC = 1225 = 35 cm

∴ Area of semicircle at AC as diameter

A

1

=

¸ _

π

¸ ,

2

1 35

2 2

=

35 × 35 1 22

× ×

2 7 2 × 2

=

55 × 35

4

= 481.25 cm

2

Area of ∆ABC

A

2

=

1

× BC × AB

2

=

1

× 21× 28

2

= 294 cm

2

Area of quadrant PCB

A

3

=

2

1

(21)

4

π

= × × ×

1 22

21 21

4 7

= 346.50 cm

2

.

∴ Required area

= Area of ∆ ABC + Area of

semicircle – Area of quadrant

= A

2

+ A

1

– A

3

= 294 + 481.25 – 346.50

= 428.75 cm

2

.

26. The given equation is

3x

2

+ 5 5 x – 10 = 0

The discriminant = b

2

– 4ac

= (5 5 )

2

– 4 × 3 × (– 10)

= 125 + 120 = 245 > 0

So, the given equation has two distinct

real roots.

Now, 3x

2

+ 5 5 x – 10 = 0

⇒ 3x

2

+ 6 5 x – 5 x – 10 = 0

⇒ 3x(x + 2 5 ) – 5 (x + 2 5 ) = 0

⇒ (x + 2 5 ) (3x – 5 ) = 0

Therefore, x + 2 5 = 0 or 3x – 5 = 0

∴ x = – 2 5 or 3x = 5 ⇒ x =

5

3

∴ The two real roots are – 2 5 and

5

3

.

27. The total surface area of the cube = 6 × (edge)

2

= 6 × 5 × 5 cm

2

= 150 cm

2

.

Note that the part of the cube where the

hemisphere is attached is not included in the

surface area.

So, the surface area of the block

= T.S.A. of cube – base area of hemisphere

+ C.S.A. of hemisphere

= 150 – πr

2

+ 2πr

2

= (150 + πr

2

) cm

2

=

¸ _

+ × ×

¸ ,

2 2

22 4.2 4.2

150 cm cm

7 2 2

= (150 + 13.86) cm

2

= 163.86 cm

2

.

OR

∆AOB ~ ∆AO’B’

⇒

AO'

AO

=

O'B'

OB

⇒

6

12

=

8

r

⇒ r = 4 cm

Volume of the whole cone (V )

=

1

3

π × 8

2

× 12

= 256π cm

3

Volume of the upper part (small cone)

V

1

=

1

3

π × r

2

× 6

=

1

3

π × 4

2

× 6

= 32π cm

3

288

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Now,

volume of upper part

volume of lower part

=

1

1

V

V– V

=

32

256 – 32

π

π π

=

1

7

.

Hence, the required ratio is 1 : 7.

28. Total number of coins = 100 + 50 + 20 + 10

= 180

(i) Total number of 50 paise coins = 100

∴ Probability of getting a 50 paise coin

=

100 5

=

180 9

.

(ii) Total number of 5 rupee coins = 10

∴ Total number of coins other than 5 rupee

= 180 – 10 = 170

∴ Probability of getting a coin other than

of 5 rupee =

170

180

=

17

18

.

SECTION-D

29. First instalment = ` 1000

Second instalment = ` 1100

Third instalment = ` 1200

.........................................................

.........................................................

.........................................................

30th instalment = ? (to be calculated)

Here, 1000, 1100, 1200,........ forms an AP

with a = 1000

d = 100

n = 30

Using a

n

= a + (n – 1)d,

a

30

= a + 29d

= 1000 + 29 × 100

= 1000 + 2900

= 3900

∴ 30th instalment will be of ` 3900

Now, using S

n

=

2

n

(a + a

n

)

Also S

30

=

30

2

(1000 + 3900) = 15 (4900)

= ` 73500

∴ Total amount left to be paid is

118000 – 73500 = ` 44500.

30. Let unit’s digit = x

and ten’s digit = y

Then, original number = 10y + x

Now, xy = 15 ... (i) (Given)

According to question,

(10y + x) + 18 = 10x + y

⇒ – 9x + 9y = – 18

⇒ y – x = – 2

⇒ y = x – 2

Using it in equation (i), we get

x(x – 2) = 15

⇒ x

2

– 2x – 15 = 0

⇒ x

2

– 5x + 3x – 15 = 0

x(x – 5) + 3(x – 5) = 0

(x + 3)(x – 5) = 0

⇒ x = – 3 or x = 5

As negative digits are not acceptable here,

∴ x = 5

∴ Unit’s digit = 5

And ten’s digit = 3

Hence, number is 35.

31. Let C(O, r) be a circle

with centre at O and

radius r. The circle

touches the sides AB,

BC, CD and DA of a

quadrilateral ABCD

at the points P, Q, R

and S respectively.

To show:

∠AOB + ∠COD= 180°

∠AOD + ∠BOC = 180°

Construction: Join OP, OQ, OR and OS.

Proof: Since two tangents drawn from an

external point to a circle subtend equal

angles at the centre

∴ ∠1 = ∠2; ∠3 = ∠4;

∠5 = ∠6; ∠7 = ∠8

Now∠1 + ∠2 + ∠3 + ∠4 + ∠5 + ∠6

+ ∠7 + ∠8 = 360°

⇒ 2 (∠2 + ∠3 + ∠6 + ∠7) = 360°

and 2 (∠1 + ∠8 + ∠4 + ∠5) = 360°

⇒ (∠2 + ∠3) + (∠6 + ∠7) = 180°

289

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

and (∠1 + ∠8) + (∠4 + ∠5) = 180°

⇒ ∠AOB + ∠COD = 180°

and ∠AOD + ∠BOC = 180°

Hence proved.

OR

We are given a circle

with centre O, an

external point T and

two tangents TP and

TQ to the circle,

where P, Q are the points of contact (see

figure) . We need to prove that

∠PTQ= 2∠OPQ

Let ∠PTQ= θ

As we know that tangent segments

drawn from an external point to the circle

are equal. So, TP = TQ

⇒ TPQ is an isosceles triangle.

Therefore, ∠TPQ= ∠TQP =

1

2

(180° – θ)

= 90° –

1

2

θ

Also, OP ⊥ PT,

i.e., ∠OPT = 90°

So, ∠OPQ= ∠OPT – ∠TPQ

= 90° –

1

90 –

2

¸ _

° θ

¸ ,

=

1

2

θ =

1

2

∠PTQ

This gives ∠PTQ= 2 ∠OPQ

Hence proved.

32. Speed of water = 3 km/h

Let r

1

= radius of pipe (cylindrical)

=

20

2

= 10 cm = 0.1 m.

And r

2

= radius of tank =

10

2

= 5 m

Also, H= height of tank = 2 m.

∴ Volume of cylindrical tank V

1

= πr

2

2

H

⇒ V

1

= × ×

2 3

22 1100

(5) 2 = m

7 7

Now let time required to fill the tank = t hours

∴ Volume of water delivered by pipe in

t hours

V

2

= t × π (0.1)

2

(3000)

= × ×

22

30

7

t

⇒ V

2

=

660

7

t

Consider: V

1

= V

2

⇒

1100

7

=

660

7

t

⇒ t =

1100 5

h

660 3

= ×

5

60

3

min= 100

min

or 1 h 40 min.

33. 2πr

1

= 18 ⇒ πr

1

= 9

2πr

2

= 6 ⇒ πr

2

= 3

∴ π(r

1

+ r

2

) = πr

1

+ πr

2

= 9 + 3 = 12

Curved surface area

= π(r

1

+ r

2

) l = 12 × 4 = 48 cm

2

.

34. Let AB = DE = h = Height of each pole

C = Position of point on street

BE = 30 m

∠ACB = 45°, ∠DCE = 30°

∴ In ∆ABC, tan 45° =

AB

BC

290

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

⇒ 1 =

BC

h

⇒ BC = h ... (i)

In ∆CED, tan 30° =

DE

EC

1

3

=

EC

h

⇒ EC = 3 h ... (ii)

∴ On adding (i) and (ii),

⇒ BC + CE = + 3 h h

⇒ 30 =

( )

+ 1 3 h

(

.

.

.

BC + CE = BE = 30 m)

⇒ h =

−

×

+ −

1 3 30

1 3 1 3

⇒ h =

( )

−

×

30 3 1

30 0.73

=

2 2

= 15 × 0.73

⇒ h = 10.95 m

∴ BC = 10.95 m

and EC = 30 – 10.95 = 19.05 m.

OR

Let C=Position of cloud

AB=60 m, ∠CAD = 30°

F=Position of reflection of cloud in the

lake

∠ DAF=60°

Let CE=h = Height of cloud above the lake

∴ CE=EF = h

Now in right-angled ∆CDA,

tan 30° =

CD

AD

⇒

1

3

=

− 60

AD

h

⇒ AD =

− × ( 60) 3 h

... (i)

Now in right-angled ∆FDA,

tan 60° =

+ 60

AD

h

⇒ 3 =

+ 60

AD

h

⇒ AD =

+ 60

3

h

... (ii)

∴ Equations (i) and (ii) give

− ( 60) 3 h =

+ 60

3

h

⇒ 3h – 180 = h + 60

⇒ 3h – h = 60 + 180

⇒ 2h = 240

⇒ h = 120 m.

Practice Paper–3

SECTION-A

1. (C) 64x

2

– 1 = 0 ⇒ (8x)

2

= 1

⇒ 8x = ± 1 ⇒ x = ±

1

8

Out of which positive real root is x =

1

8

.

2. (A) Given A.P. becomes: 5, 8, 11, ....., 113.

a

n

= a + (n – 1) d

⇒ 113 = 5 + (n – 1)3

⇒ n – 1 =

113 5

3

−

= 36 ⇒ n = 37.

291

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

3. (A) In ∆OAD,

OA = 5 cm, OD = 3 cm

∠ODA= 90°

∴ AD =

2 2

OA – OD

=

2 2

5 – 3

= 4 cm

∴ AB = 2AD = 2 × 4 cm = 8 cm.

4. (C) R

2

+ 8

2

= 10

2

⇒ R

2

= 100 – 64

= 36

∴ R = 6 cm.

5. (D) ∠PBA + ∠PAB + ∠APB = 180° (ASP)

⇒ ∠PBA + ∠PBA + 52° = 180°

(∵PA = PB)

⇒ ∠PBA =

180 52

2

° − °

= 64°.

6. (B) ar(APQB) = ar(sector AOB) –

ar(sector POQ)

= π × (21)

2

×

60

360

°

°

– π × (14)

2

×

60

360

°

°

= π

60

×

360

[21

2

– 14

2

]

=

22 1

× × 35 × 7

7 6

=

385

3

cm

2

.

7. (D) A non-leap year having 365 days

has 52 weeks and one day out of 7 days.

That one day could be Sunday, Monday,

Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday or

Saturday.

∴ Total probabilities = 7.

Favourable outcomes = 1

∴

Required probability

(i.e., having 53 sundays) =

1

7

.

8. (C) Let radius = 4x; slant height = 7x

Consider, π × 4x × 7x = 792

⇒ x

2

= 9

⇒ x = 3

∴ Radius = 4x = 12 cm.

9. (C) From figure,

AB = AP + BP

= AQ + BS

= AQ + (BC – CS)

= AQ + (BC – CR)

= 5 cm + (7 cm – 3 cm)

= 9 cm. ∴ x = 9 cm.

10. (D) Let height of pole be x m

In ∆ABC,

sin 30° =

AB

AC

⇒

1

2

AB

AC

⇒

1

2

=

20

x

⇒ x = 10 m.

SECTION-B

11.

Using distance formula,

2 2

(10 2) ( 3) y − + + = 10

⇒ 64 + (y + 3)

2

= 100

⇒ (y + 3)

2

= 100 – 64 = 36

⇒ y + 3 = ± 6 ⇒ y = 3 or – 9.

12. Let number of blue balls = x

∴ Total balls = x + 6

∴ P(drawing a blue ball) =

6

x

x +

and P(drawing a red ball) =

6

6 x +

According to questions,

6

x

x +

=

6

3

6 x

¸ _

+

¸ ,

⇒ x = 18.

OR

No, the sample space has 8 outcomes. Out

of them only one outcome say, TTT,

represents no heads, so the probability of

no heads is

1

8

.

292

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

13. For real roots D ≥ 0 ⇒ k

2

– 4 ≥ 0

⇒ (k – 2)(k + 2) ≥ 0

⇒ k ≤ –2 or k ≥ 2.

∴ Required value of k is 2.

14. No.

Each side of the outer square

= diameter of the circle

= d

So, area of square = d

2

Each diagonal of the

inner square = d

i.e., 2 × side = d

∴ Side =

2

d

⇒ Area =

2

2

d

.

Hence area of inner square

=

1

2

× area of outer square.

15. a

n

= 2n + 1 ⇒ a

1

= 3

∴ S

n

=

2

n

(a

1

+ a

n

) ⇒

2

n

(3 + 2n + 1)

= n(n + 2).

16. Let third vertex be C(x, y).

We have A(2, 3), B(– 2, 1) and G(1,

2

3

)

Using Centroid formula,

1 =

2 – 2 +

3

x

;

2

3

=

3 +1+

3

y

⇒ x = 3, y = – 2

⇒ Vertex C is (3, – 2).

17. As XP = XQ ... (i)

AP = AR ... (ii)

BQ = BR ... (iii)

From equation (i),

⇒ XA + AP = XB + BQ

{

.

.

.

XP = XA + AP; XQ = XB + BQ}

⇒XA + AR = XB + BR [Using (ii ) and (iii)]

Hence proved.

18. As A =

1

2

lr

⇒ 20π =

1

2

× 5π × r

⇒ r = 8 cm.

SECTION-C

19. The possible outcomes of the experiment

are listed in the given table the first number

in each ordered pair is the number

appearing on the blue die and the second

number is that on the grey die.

So, the number of possible outcomes

= 6 × 6 = 36.

(i) The outcomes favourable to the event

‘the sum of the two numbers is 8’

denoted by E, are: (2, 6), (3, 5), (4, 4),

(5, 3), (6, 2) (see figure).

i.e., the number of outcomes

favourable to E = 5.

Hence, P(E) =

5

36

(ii) As you can see from figure, there is

no outcome favourable to the event

F, ‘the sum of two numbers is 13’.

So, P(F) =

0

36

= 0

(iii) As you can see from figure, all the

outcomes are favourable to the event

G, ‘sum of two numbers ≤ 12’.

So, P(G) =

36

36

= 1.

293

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

20. Comparing given equation with

ax

2

+ bx + c = 0, we get

a = p

2

, b = p

2

– q

2

, c = – q

2

∴ D = b

2

– 4ac

⇒ D = (p

2

– q

2

)

2

– 4(p

2

)(– q

2

)

= p

4

+ q

4

+ 2p

2

q

2

= (p

2

+ q

2

)

2

> 0

∴ Given equation has two real roots given by:

x =

– D

2

b

a

±

=

2 2 2 2

2

–( – ) ( + )

2

p q p q

p

±

⇒ x =

2

2

q

p

or –1.

OR

2

3 2 5 2 x x − −

= 0

We need to divide –5x into two parts such

that sum of them is –5x and product of

them is

2

3 2 ×(– 2) x

= – 6x

2

. Such parts

are – 6x and x.

∴

2

3 2 6 2 x x x − + − = 0

or

3 2 ( – 2) 1 ( 2) x x x + −

= 0

or ( 2)(3 2 1) x x − + = 0

i.e., x –

2

= 0 or

3 2x

+ 1 = 0

i.e., x =

2

or x =

1

3 2

− = –

2

6

Hence, the required roots are 2 and

2

6

− .

21. As a

3

+ a

7

= 6 and a

3

.

a

7

= 8

⇒ (a + 2d) + (a + 6d) = 6 ... (i)

and (a + 2d)(a + 6d) = 8 ... (ii)

From (i), 2a + 8d = 6

⇒ a + 4d = 3 ⇒ a = 3 – 4d

∴ Using it in (ii), we get

(3 – 4d + 2d)(3 – 4d + 6d) = 8

⇒ (3 – 2d)(3 + 2d) = 8

⇒ 9 – 4d

2

= 8 ⇒ 4d

2

= 1

⇒ d

2

=

1

4

⇒ d = ±

1

2

Case I. If d =

1

2

, then a = 3 – 4

1

2

¸ _

¸ ,

= 1.

∴ S

16

=

16

2

{2 × 1 + (16 – 1) ×

1

2

}

= 8

¦ ¦

15

2

2

+ =

8 19

2

×

= 76.

Case II. If d =

1

–

2

, then a = 3 – 4

1

2

¸ _

−

¸ ,

= 5

∴ S

16

=

16

2

1

2×5 + (16 – 1)× –

2

¹ ¹ ¸ _

, ,

¸ , ¹ ¹

= 8

¦ ¦

15

10 –

2

=

8 5

2

×

= 20.

22. From figure, ar(∆ABD)

= [ ]

1

– 5(– 5 – 5) – 4(5 – 7) + 4(7 + 5)

2

=

1

[50 +8 + 48]

2

=

106

2

= 53 sq. units.

Also, ar (∆BCD)

=

1

[– 4(–6 – 5) – 1(5 + 5) + 4(– 5 + 6)]

2

=

1

2

[44 – 10 + 4] =

38

2

= 19 sq. units.

So area of quadrilateral ABCD

= ar (∆ABD) + ar (∆BCD)

= 53 + 19 = 72 sq. units.

23. Let ABCD is a parallelogram.

⇒ AB = DC and AD = BC

∴ Consider

AD = AS + DS

= AP + DR

{∵ AS = AP, DS = DR}

= (AB – PB) + (DC – RC)

= (AB – BQ) + (AB – CQ)

{∵ DC = AB and PB = BQ and RC = CQ}

= 2 AB – (BQ + CQ)

= 2 AB – BC

AD = 2 AB – AD {∵ BC = AD}

⇒ 2 AD = 2 AB ⇒ AD = AB

∴ ABCD is a rhombus. Hence proved.

294

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

24.

∆A’BC’ is required triangle.

OR

AP = AQ and BR = BS are required tangents.

295

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

25. Let PQ be the tower of height h m.

In right ∆APQ,

tan θ =

4

h

... (i)

In right ∆BPQ,

tan (90° – θ) =

9

h

cot θ =

9

h

... (ii)

Multiplying corresponding sides of

equations (i) and (ii), we get

tan θ × cot θ =

4 9

h h

×

⇒ 1 =

2

36

h

⇒ h

2

= 36

∴ h = 6 m.

26. It is given that the point A divides the join

of P(–5, 1) and Q(3, 5) in the ratio k : 1. So

the coordinate of A are:

3 5 5 1

,

1 1

k k

k k

− +

¸ _

¸ ,

+ +

∴ Area of ∆ABC

=

1

2

x

1

(y

2

– y

3

) + x

2

(y

3

– y

1

) + x

3

(x

1

– y

2

)

⇒∆ =

− + ¹ ¹ ¸ _

⋅ + + − −

, ,

+ + ¸ , ¹ ¹

1 3 5 5 1

(5 2) 2

2 1 1

k k

k k

+ 7

+

¸ _

−

+ ¸ ,

5 1

5

1

k

k

=

28 1 21 35 7 3

2 1 1 1

k k

k k k

− − +

− +

+ + +

=

1 14 66

2 1

k

k

−

+

=

7 33

1

k

k

−

+

∴

7 33

1

k

k

−

+

= 2 [

.

.

.

ar(∆ABC = 2]

⇒

−

+

7 33

1

k

k

= ± 2

⇒

7 33

2

1

k

k

−

+

or

7 33

2

1

k

k

−

−

+

⇒ 7k – 33 = 2k + 2 or 7k – 33 = – 2k – 2

⇒ 5k = 35 or 9k = 31

⇒ k = 7 or

31

9

k .

Therefore, required values of k = 7,

31

9

.

27. Total area= Area of sector OAB + Area of

sector ODC + Area of ∆OAD

+ Area of ∆OBC.

=

90 22 90 22

× × 28 × 56 + ×

360 7 360 7

× 28 × 56

+

1

4

× 56 × 56 +

1

4

× 56 × 56 m

2

= 22 × 56 + 22 × 56 + 14 × 56 + 14 × 56

= 56(22 + 22 + 14 + 14) m

2

= 56 × 72 m

2

= 4032 m

2

.

OR

We can divide the given figure into two

parts, one part as a rectangle with length

a = 8 m, breadth b = 4 m and the other one

as a semicircle with radius r = 2 m.

Now, required area

= ar(rectangle) + ar(semicircle)

= a × b +

1

2

πr

2

= 8 × 4 +

1

2

×

22

7

× 2

2

= 32 + 6.29 = 38.29 m

2

.

28. Let BPC be the hemisphere and ABC

be the cone standing on the base of the

hemisphere (see figure). The radius BO of

the hemisphere (as well as of the cone)

296

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

=

1

2

× 4 cm = 2 cm.

So, volume of the toy =

3 2

2 1

3 3

r r h π + π

=

3 2

2 1

× 3.14 × (2) × 3.14 × (2) × 2

3 3

1

+

1

¸ ]

= 2

3

×

2 1

× 3.14 × 3.14

3 3

¸ _

+

¸ ,

= 8 × 3.14

= 25.12 cm

3

.

Now, let the right circular cylinder EFGH

circumscribe the given solid. The radius of

the base of the right circular cylinder = HP

= BO = 2 cm, and its height is

EH = AO + OP = (2 + 2) cm = 4 cm

So, the volume required

= Volume of the right circular cylinder

– Volume of the toy

= (3.14 × 2

2

× 4 – 25.12) cm

3

= 25.12 cm

3

Hence, the required difference of the two

volumes = 25.12 cm

3

.

SECTION-D

29. Let PQ be the leaning tower.

Let PM = x and QM = y,

In right ∆PMQ,

cot θ =

x

y

⇒ x = y cot θ .... (i)

Similarly, right triangles AMQ and BMQ

respectively provides.

a + x = y cot α ... (ii)

and b + x = y cot β ... (iii)

Eliminating x from equation (i) and (ii), we

get

a = y (cot α – cot θ) ... (iv)

Again eliminating x from equations (i) and

(iii), we get

b = y (cot β – cot θ) ... (v)

Eliminating y from equations (iv) and (v),

we get

a

b

=

cot cot

cot cot

α − θ

β − θ

⇒ b cot α – b cot θ = a cot β – a cot θ

⇒ a cot θ – b cot θ = a cot β – b cot α

⇒ cot θ (b – a) = b cot α – a cot β

⇒ b – a =

cot cot

cot

b a α − β

θ

Hence proved.

OR

Let AB = height of building = 30 m

CD = height of boy = 1.5 m

∴ AG = AB – GB

= AB – CD {∵ GB = CD}

= 30 – 1.5 = 28.5 m

Let the distance travelled by the boy towards

the building be x m.

In ∆AEG,

tan 60° =

AG

GE

⇒

3

=

AG

GE

⇒ GE =

AG 28.5

=

3 3

... (i)

297

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

Again in ∆AGC,

tan 30° =

AG

GC

=

AG

GE + x

⇒

1

3

=

28.5

GE + x

⇒ GE + x = 28.5 × 3

From equation (i),

⇒

28.5

+

3

x = 28.5 × 3

⇒ 28.5 + 3 x = 28.5 × 3

⇒ 3 x = 85.5 – 28.5

⇒ x =

57 3

×

3 3

=

57

3

3

= 19 3 m.

30. Let side of 1st square = x m

and side of 2nd square = y m

(Assuming y > x)

∴ Area of 1st square = x

2

And area of 2nd square = y

2

According to question,

x

2

+ y

2

= 468 ... (i)

Also, perimeter of 1st square = 4x

And perimeter of 2nd square = 4y

Again according to question,

4y – 4x = 24

⇒ y – x = 6

⇒ y = 6 + x ... (ii)

Using (ii) in (i),

x

2

+ (6 + x)

2

= 468

⇒ x

2

+ 36 + x

2

+ 12x = 468

⇒ 2x

2

+ 12x – 432 = 0

⇒ x

2

+ 6x – 216 = 0

⇒ x

2

+ 18x – 12x – 216 = 0

⇒ x(x + 18) – 12(x + 18) = 0

⇒ (x + 18) (x – 12) = 0

⇒ x = – 18 or x = 12

As side can’t be negative, so take

x = 12 m

∴ y = x + 6 = 18 m.

OR

During 2 pm to 3 pm the minutes hand

complete one round, i.e., 60 minutes.

At t minutes past 2 pm, the minutes hand

needed

2

– 3

4

t

¸ _

¸ ,

minutes to show 3 pm.

i.e.,

2

– 3

4

t

¸ _

¸ ,

+ t = 60

⇒

2

– 12

4

t

+ t = 60

⇒ t

2

– 12 + 4t = 240

⇒ t

2

+ 4t – 252 = 0

⇒ t

2

+ 18t – 14t – 252 = 0

⇒ t(t + 18) – 14(t + 18) = 0

⇒ (t – 14) (t + 18) = 0

⇒ t – 14 = 0 or t + 18 = 0

⇒ t = 14 or t = – 18

(Rejected because time cannot be negative)

∴ t = 14.

31. 1st Part

Let AP and AQ are tangents drawn from an

external point A to the circle with centre O.

Join OP, OQ and OA.

Now in ∆OPA and ∆OQA,

OP = OQ = r (Radius of circle)

OA = OA (Common)

298

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

∠OPA = ∠OQA = 90°

⇒ ∆OPA ≅ ∆OQA (RHS)

⇒ AP = AQ (CPCT)

Hence proved.

2nd Part

Using above theorem in figure,

AD = AF ... (i)

BD = BE ... (ii)

CE = CF ... (iii)

As given, AB = AC

⇒ AB – AD = AC – AD

⇒ AB – AD = AC – AF

[Use equation (i)]

⇒ BD = CF

⇒ BE = CE

[Use equations (ii) and (iii)]

Hence proved.

32. Volume of frustum

=

1

3

πh (r

1

2

+ r

2

2

+ r

1

r

2

)

=

1

3

×

22

7

× 45 × (28

2

+ 7

2

+ 28 × 7)

=

22 15

7

×

× 7 × (28 × 4 + 7 + 28)

= 330 × 147 = 48510 cm

3

Curved surface area

= π (r

1

+ r

2

)l, i.e., π(r

1

+ r

2

)

2 2

1 2

( – ) h r r +

=

22

7

(28 + 7)

2 2

45 (28 – 7) +

= 110 2025 441 + = 110 × 49.65 cm

2

= 5461.5 cm

2

.

Now, the total surface area of the frustum

= Curved surface area + πr

1

2

+ πr

2

2

= 5461.5 cm

2

+

22

7

(28)

2

cm

2

+

22

7

(7)

2

cm

2

= 5461.5 cm

2

+ 2464 cm

2

+ 154 cm

2

= 8079.5 cm

2

.

33. Let an A.P. is a, a + d, a + 2d, ....

Here, n = 37 which is odd.

So three middle most terms are:

th th th

1 1 1

– 1 , , 1

2 2 2

n n n + + +

¸ _ ¸ _ ¸ _

+

¸ , ¸ , ¸ ,

i.e.,

th th th

37 1 37 1 37 1

– 1 , , 1

2 2 2

+ + +

¸ _ ¸ _ ¸ _

+

¸ , ¸ , ¸ ,

i.e., a

18

, a

19

, a

20

As sum of three middle most term = 225

⇒ a

18

+ a

19

+ a

20

= 225

⇒ (a +17d) +(a +18d) +(a +19d) = 225

(d is common difference)

⇒ 3a + 54d = 225

i.e., a + 18d = 75 ...(i)

Again, sum of last three term= 429

⇒ a

35

+ a

36

+ a

37

= 429

(

.

.

.

n = 37)

⇒ (a + 34d) + (a + 35d)(a + 36d) = 429

⇒ 3a + 105d = 429

i.e., a + 35d = 143 ...(ii)

Solving (i) and (ii), we get a = 3, d = 4

Therefore, A.P. is 3, 7, 11, 15, ........

34.

9

8

m

Hint: Volume of earth dug out = π

2

3

2

¸ _

¸ ,

× 14

Volume of embankment = π[(5.5)

2

– (1.5)

2

] × h

⇒

9

4

× 14 = 7× 4 × h

⇒ h =

9

4

×

14

7 ×4

=

9

8

m.

Practice Paper –4

SECTION-A

1. (D) b

2

– 4ac = 0

⇒ c =

2

4

b

a

.

2. (C) a

n

= a + (n – 1)d

⇒

10

3

= – 1 + (n – 1) ×

1

6

299

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

⇒

– 1

6

n

=

10

3

+ 1 ⇒ n – 1 = 6 ×

13

3

⇒ n = 27.

3. (A) In ∆OPR,

∠POR = 55°, ∠ORP = 90°

∴ ∠OPR = 180° – (55° + 90°) = 35°

∴ ∠QPR = 2∠OPR = 2 × 35° = 70°.

4. (B)

x =

2 2

25 – 7 = ( )( ) + 25 7 25–7

=

576

= 24 cm.

5. (A) ar(segment APB)

= ar(sector APBO) – ar(∆AOB)

=

°

°

60

360

× πr

2

–

3

4

r

2

=

3

–

6 4

¸ _

π

¸ ,

r

2

sq. units.

6. (C).

7. (A)Volume of n balls= Volume of the cone

⇒ n ×

4

3

× π × 3

3

=

1

3

π × 12

2

× 24

⇒ n × 36π = 144 × 8π

⇒ n = 32.

8. (C) Number of cards which are neither

red nor queen = 52 – 26 – 4 + 2 = 24

P(a drawn card is neither red nor

queen) =

24 6

52 13

.

9. (C) tan 30° =

15

h

⇒ h =

15 3

×

3 3

⇒ h =

× 15 1.732

3

∴ h = 8.66 m.

10. (B) OQ ⊥ PR and AB ¦¦ PR.

So, QO perpendicular bisector of AB

⇒ ∆AQB is an isosceles triangle.

⇒ QO is also angle bisector of ∠AQB.

∴ ∠AQB = 2∠BQO

= 2 × (90° – 70°) = 40°.

SECTION-B

11. From figure,

∠OSQ = ∠OQS (As OS = OQ)

= ∠OQL – ∠SQL

= 90° – 50° = 40°.

and ∠OSR = ∠ORS (As OS = OR)

= ∠ORM – ∠SRM

= 90° – 60° = 30°

Now, ∠QSR = ∠OSQ + ∠OSR

= 40° + 30° = 70°.

OR

False.

Let a number of

circles with centres

O

1

, O

2

, O

3

....... touch

the line PQ at A. Join

A to O

1

, O

2

, O

3

, ...... .

Therefore, O

1

A ⊥ PQ,

O

2

A ⊥ PQ, O

3

A ⊥ PQ, ..... at same point A.

So; all the centres O

1

, O

2

, O

3

, ...... lie on a

line perpendicular to PQ but the line does

not bisect PQ.

12.

Let coordinates of B are (x, y)

300

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

∴ Using section formula:

+ +

¸ _

¸ ,

3 8 3 20

,

7 7

x y

= (–1, 2)

⇒

+ 3 8

7

x

= – 1 and

+ 3 20

7

y

= 2

⇒ 3x = – 15 and 3y = – 6

⇒ x = – 5 and y = – 2

∴ B(– 5, – 2) is required point.

13. For equal roots,

D= 0

⇒ b

2

– 4ac = 0

⇒ 4(1 + 3k)

2

– 28(3 + 2k) = 0

⇒ 1 + 9k

2

+ 6k – 21 – 14k = 0

⇒ 9k

2

– 8k – 20 = 0

⇒ 9k

2

– 18k + 10k – 20 = 0

⇒ 9k(k – 2) + 10(k – 2) = 0

⇒ (k – 2) (9k + 10) = 0

⇒ k – 2 = 0 or 9k + 10 = 0

∴ k = 2 or

–10

9

.

14. n

th

term, i.e., a

n

= S

n

– S

n – 1

⇒ = n

2

+ 8n – {(n – 1)

2

+ 8(n – 1)}

= n

2

+ 8n – (n

2

– 2n + 1 + 8n – 8)

= 2n + 7

∴ a

15

= 2 × 15 + 7 = 30 + 7 = 37.

15. True, because the coordinates of the mid-

points of both the diagonals coincide, that

is, the diagonals bisect each other at

1 5

,

2 2

¸ _

¸ ,

.

16. θ =

15. 7

20

radian

=

l

r

¸ _

θ

¸ ,

∵

=

15.7 180 15.7 180

× × = 45

20 20 3.14

° °

°

π

180

1 radian =

°

¸ _

π

¸ ,

∵

Required area OAPB

= Area of the circle – Area of minor

sector OAQB

= π × 20

2

– π × 20

2

×

45°

360°

= 400π – 50π = 350 × 3.14

= 1099 cm

2

.

17. As 2πR = 48 and 2πr = 36

⇒ R =

24

π

and r =

18

π

∴ V=

1

3

πh(R

2

+ r

2

+ Rr)

=

1

3

π × 11 ×

2 2

2 2 2

24 18 24 18

¸ _ ×

+ +

π π π

¸ ,

=

11

3

π ×

2

1332

π

= 11 × 444 ×

7

22

= 1554 cm

3

.

18. Total number of cards

n(S) = 50 – 2 = 48

Let E be the event that the card is not

primes. Prime numbers are: 3, 5, 7, 11, 13,

17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47.

∴ n(E) = 48 – 14 = 34

∴ P(E) =

( )

( )

E 34 17

S 48 24

n

n

.

SECTION-C

19. (i) Total outcomes = 36

E = 6 will not come up either time

⇒ E = (1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5)

(2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5)

301

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

(3, 1), (3, 2), (3, 3), (3, 4), (3, 5)

(4, 1), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5)

(5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4), (5, 5)

∴ n(E) = 25

∴ Required probability =

25

36

.

(ii) P(6 will come up at least one)

P(E¯) = 1 – P(E)

= 1 –

25

36

=

11

36

.

20. Multiplying the equation throughout by

5, we get

25x

2

– 30x – 10 = 0

This is the same as

(5x)

2

– 2 × (5x) × 3 + 3

2

– 3

2

– 10= 0

i.e. (5x – 3)

2

– 9 – 10 = 0

i.e. (5x – 3)

2

– 19 = 0

i.e. (5x – 3)

2

= 19

i.e. 5x – 3 =

± 19

i.e. 5x = 3

± 19

i.e. x =

± 3 19

5

Therefore, the roots are

+ 3 19

5

and

3 – 19

5

.

21. Let first term = a

Common difference = d

Now, a

k

= a + (k – 1)

.

d ...(i)

Let S

1

= Sum of odd terms

⇒ S

1

= a

1

+ a

3

+ a

5

+ ........+ a

2n + 1

⇒ S

1

=

+ 1

2

n

{a

1

+ a

2n + 1

}

=

+ 1

2

n

{a + a + (2n + 1 – 1)d}

[∵ Using (i)]

= ¦ ¦

1

2 2

2

n

a nd

+

+

S

1

= (n + 1) (a + nd)

also S

2

= Sum of even terms

= a

2

+ a

4

+ ........ + a

2n

=

2

n

{a

2

+ a

2n

}

=

2

n

{a + d + a + (2n – 1).d}

[∵ Using (i)]

=

2

n

{2a + 2nd}

= n(a + nd)

∴ S

1

: S

2

= (n + 1) (a + nd) : n(a + nd)

= n + 1 : n

Hence proved.

OR

Let the angles be a – d, a and a + d.

Now,

a – d + a + a + d = 180°

(Angles sum property of a triangle)

∴ 3a = 180°

or a = 60° ...(i)

Also, a – d =

1

2

(a + d)

(Given condition)

2a – 2d = a + d

or a = 3d

Using (i), we get

3d = 60°

⇒ d = 20°

∴ a – d = 60° – 20° = 40°

and a + d = 60° + 20° = 80°

Hence, the required angles are 40°, 60°

and 80°.

22. 24 sq. units.

Hint: PQ =

26

; QR =

26

;

RS = 26 ; SP = 26

⇒ PQRS is a rhombus.

As PR = 4 2 ; QS = 6 2 .

∴ PR ≠ QS

⇒ diagonals are unequal.

⇒ PQRS is not a square.

302

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Area of PQRS =

1

2

× (Product of diagonals)

= 24 sq. units.

23. We are given a circle

with centre O, an

external point T and

two tangents TP and

TQ to the circle,

where P, Q are the points of contact (see

figure). We need to prove that

∠PTQ= 2∠OPQ

Let ∠PTQ= θ

As we know that tangent segments

drawn from an external point to the circle

are equal. So, TP = TQ

⇒ TPQ is an isosceles triangle.

Therefore, ∠TPQ= ∠TQP =

1

2

(180° – θ)

= 90° –

1

2

θ

Also, OP ⊥ PT,

i.e., ∠OPT = 90°

So, ∠OPQ= ∠OPT – ∠TPQ

= 90° –

1

90 –

2

¸ _

° θ

¸ ,

=

1

2

θ =

1

2

∠PTQ

This gives ∠PTQ= 2 ∠OPQ

Hence proved.

OR

We are given a chord AB of a circle and two

tangents CP and CQ drawn at the points A

and B respectively, which intersect at C.

We need to prove that

∠CAB = ∠CBA and ∠PAB = ∠QBA

We know that pair of tangents drawn from

an external point to a circle are equal in

length.

∴ CA= CB

In ∆CAB, ∠CAB = ∠CBA ...(i)

(∵ CA = CB)

Now, ∠CAB + ∠PAB = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ ∠PAB = 180° – ∠CAB ...(ii)

Similarly, ∠QBA= 180° – ∠CBA

⇒ ∠QBA= 180° – ∠CAB ...(iii)

[Using (i)]

From (i), (ii) and (iii), we have

∠CAB = ∠CBA and ∠PAB = ∠QBA

Hence proved.

24. Let A be the point on the bridge. From A,

the angles of depression of the banks C

and D are 30° and 45° respectively.

Also let AB be the height of bridge which

is 30 m.

Let us find the width CD of the river.

In ∆ABC,

tan 30° =

AB

BC

⇒

1

3

=

30

BC

∴ BC = 30 3 m ... (i)

Again in ∆ABD,

tan 45° =

AB

BD

⇒ 1 =

30

BD

∴ BD = 30 m ... (ii)

Adding (i) and (ii), we get

BC + BD = 30 3 + 30

∴ CD = 30( 3 + 1)

= 30(1.732 + 1)

= 30 × 2.732

= 81.96 m.

303

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

25.

As PT = PT′ and QS = QS′ are required tangents.

26. Let us mark the four

unshaded regions as I,

II, III and IV (see figure)

Area of I + Area of III

= Area of ABCD – Area of two

semicircles of each of radius 5 cm

=

2

1

10 × 10 – 2 × × × 5

2

¸ _

π

¸ ,

cm

2

= (100 – 3.14 × 25) cm

2

= 21.5 cm

2

Similarly, Area of II + Area of IV = 21.5 cm

2

So, area of the shaded design

= Area of ABCD – Area of (I + II + III + IV)

= (100 – 2 × 21.5) cm

2

= (100 – 43) cm

2

= 57 cm

2

.

27. Let coordinate of P be (x, y)

Given: Points A and B are (3, 4) and (5, – 2).

Also, PA= PB

⇒ PA

2

= PB

2

⇒ (x – 3)

2

+ (y – 4)

2

= (x – 5)

2

+ (y + 2)

2

⇒ x

2

– 6x+9 + y

2

– 8y+16 = x

2

– 10x + 25

+ y

2

+ 4y + 4

⇒ x – 3y – 1 = 0 ...(i)

Now, area of ∆PAB = 10

⇒

1

2

x

1

(y

2

– y

3

) + x

2

(y

3

– y

1

) + x

3

(y

1

– y

2

)

10

⇒ ( ) ( ) ( ) + + +

1

4 2 3 –2– 5 – 4

2

x y y

= 10

⇒ 6x – 6 – 3y + 5y – 20 = ± 20

⇒ 6x + 2y – 26 = ± 20

⇒ 6x + 2y – 46 = 0 or 6x + 2y – 6 = 0

⇒ 3x + y – 23 = 0 ...(ii)

or 3x + y – 3 = 0 ...(iii)

Solving (i) and (ii), we get x = 7, y = 2

Solving (i) and (iii), we get x = 1, y = 0

∴ Required point is (7, 2) or (1, 0).

28. Radius of the hemispherical tank

=

3

2

m

Volume of the tank =

3

2 22 3

× ×

3 7 2

¸ _

¸ ,

m

3

=

99

14

m

3

304

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

Also, t

n

= t

1

+ (n – 1)d

⇒ c = a + (n – 1) (b – a)

⇒ c – a = (n – 1) (b – a)

⇒

–

–

c a

b a

= n – 1

⇒ n =

–

–

c a

b a

+ 1 =

–

–

c a +b – a

b a

∴ n =

+c 2

–

b – a

b a

.

As we know S

n

=

2

n

(a + l) where a is first

term and l is last term.

i.e., S

n

=

( – 2 )

–

2

b c c

b a

+

. (a + c)

∴ S

n

=

( )( – 2 )

2( – )

a c b c a

b a

+ +

Hence proved.

30. Let the speed of the stream be x km/h.

Therefore, the speed of the boat

upstream = (18 – x) km/h and the speed

of the boat downstream = (18 + x) km/h.

The time taken to go upstream

= =

distance 24

speed 18– x

hours.

Similarly, the time taken to return downstream

=

24

18+x

hours.

According to the question,

24 24

–

18 – 18+ x x

= 1

i.e., 24(18 + x) – 24(18 – x) = (18 – x) (18 + x)

i.e., x

2

+ 48x – 324 = 0

Using the quadratic formula, we get

x =

± + ±

=

2

– 48 48 1296 – 48 3600

2 2

=

± – 48 60

2

= 6 or –54

So, the volume of the water to be emptied

=

×

1 99

2 14

m

3

=

99

28

× 1000 litres =

99000

28

litres

Since,

25

7

litres of water is emptied in 1

second.

So,

99000

28

litres of water will be emptied

in

99000

28

×

7

25

seconds, i.e., in 16.5 minutes.

OR

Volume of the wall= 24 m × 0.4 m × 6 m

= 2400 cm × 40 cm × 600 cm

= 2400 × 40 × 600 cm

3

Volume of the mortar

=

1

10

× Volume of the wall

= 240 × 40 × 600 cm

3

Let the number of bricks used in the

construction be N.

Now, Volume of the wall = Volume of the

mortar + Volume of N bricks

⇒ 2400 × 40 × 600

= 240 × 40 × 600 + N × 25 × 16 × 10

⇒ N =

× × ×

× ×

240 40 600 (10 – 1)

25 16 10

= 1440 × 9

⇒ N = 12960

Hence, 12960 bricks are used.

SECTION-D

29. Given: In an A.P., t

1

= a, t

2

= b and t

n

= c.

We have to show that S

n

=

( + )( + – 2 )

2( – )

a c b c a

b a

Common difference d = t

2

– t

1

= b – a.

305

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

Since x is the speed of the stream, it

cannot be negative. So, we ignore the root

x = – 54. Therefore, x = 6 which gives the

speed of the stream as 6 km/h.

OR

Hint:

x

2

+ (x + 2)

2

= 290

⇒ 2x

2

+ 4x – 286 = 0

⇒ x

2

+ 2x – 143 = 0

(x + 13) (x – 11) = 0

⇒ x = 11

∴ Numbers are 11, 13.

31. Proof: We are given a circle with centre

O, a point P lying outside the circle and

two tangents PQ and PR on the circle

from P(see figure). We are required to

prove that PQ = PR.

For this, we join OP, OQ and OR. Then

∠OQP and ∠ORP are right angles,

because these angles are between the radii

and tangents. Now in right triangles OQP

and ORP,

OQ= OR

(Radii of the same circle)

OP = OP (Common)

Therefore, ∆OQP ≅ ∆ORP (RHS)

This gives PQ = PR (CPCT)

Consider: AB + CD

= (AS + BS) + (DQ + CQ)

= (AP + BR) + (DP + CR)

(Using above theorem)

= (AP + DP) + (BR + CR)

∴ AB + CD = AD + BC. Hence proved.

32. Let r

1

= radius of top of frustum

= radius of base of cone = 3 m

r

2

= radius of base of frustum = 10 m

FG= h = height of frustum = 24 m

AF = H = height of cone = 28 – 24 = 4 m

∴ L = slant height of cone

= + +

2 2 2 2

1

H 3 4 5 m r

l = slant height of frustum

= − +

2 2

2 1

( ) r r h

= + +

2 2

7 24 49 576 =25 m

Quantity of canvas required

= C.S.A. of cone + C.S.A. of frustum

= πr

1

L + π(r

1

+ r

2

) l

= π(3 × 5 + 13 × 25)

=

22 22

×(15 325) = × 340

7 7

+

= 1068.57 m

2

(approx.)

33. Let AB = 40 m = Height of tower

CD= h = Height of lighthouse

∠CAE = 30°; ∠CBD = 60°

In ∆CBD, tan 60° =

CD

DB

⇒

3

=

CE+ DE

DB

306

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

⇒

3

=

CE + 40

DB

(

∵

AB = DE = 40 m)

3

= +

CE 40

DB DB

...(i)

Also in ∆AEC,

tan 30° =

CE

AE

⇒

1

3

=

CE

DB

...(ii) (

∵

AE = DB)

Using (ii) in (i), we have

3

= +

1 40

DB 3

⇒

40

DB

= −

1 2

3

3 3

⇒ DB = 20 3 m

From equation

(ii),

1

3

=

CE

20 3

⇒ CE = 20 m

∴ h = CE + DE

= 20 + 40

⇒ h = 60 m.

Also distance of foot of tower from top of

lighthouse = CB.

∴ sin 60° =

CD

CB

⇒

3

2

=

60

CB

⇒ CB = ×

120 3

3 3

⇒ CB = 40 3 m.

OR

In figure, O is the centre of the balloon.

OP = R, ∠PAQ = θ, ∠OAB = φ.

Let the height of the centre of the balloon

be h. Thus OB = h

In right-angled triangle AOP,

sin ∠OAP =

OP

AO

⇒ sin

2

θ

=

R

AO

⇒ AO= R cosec

2

θ

...(i)

Also, in right-angled triangle AOB,

sin φ =

OB

AO

⇒ sin φ =

AO

h

⇒ AO= h cosec φ ...(ii)

From equation (i) and (ii), we get

h cosec φ = R cosec

2

θ

∴ h = R sin φ cosec

2

θ

Hence proved.

34. Since the inner diameter of the glass = 5 cm

and height = 10 cm

So, the apparent capacity of the glass

= πr

2

h

= 3.14 × 2.5 × 2.5 × 10 cm

3

= 196.25 cm

3

.

307

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

But the actual capacity of the

glass is less by the volume of

the hemisphere at the base of

the glass.

i.e., it is less by

2

3

πr

3

=

2

3

× 3.14 × 2.5 × 2.5 × 2.5 cm

3

= 32.71 cm

3

So, the actual capacity of the glass

= apparent capacity of glass

– volume of the hemisphere

= (196.25 – 32.71) cm

3

= 163.54 cm

3

.

Practice Paper–5

SECTION-A

1. (A)

¸ _ ¸ _

+

¸ , ¸ ,

2

1 1 5

–

2 2 4

k = 0

⇒

1

2

k =

5 1

–

4 4

⇒ k = 2.

2. (B) The given A.P. is – 11, – 8, – 5, ........, 49.

To find 4

th

term from last, a = 49, d = – 3.

∴ Required term= 49 + (4 – 1) × (– 3)

= 49 – 9 = 40.

3. (A) In ∆OPQ,

PQ

2

= 13

2

– 5

2

⇒ PQ= 12 cm

∴ ar( PQOR) = 2 × ar(∆POQ)

= 2 ×

1

2

× 5 × 12

= 60 cm

2

.

4. (A) Area of a triangle

drawn in a semicircle

is directly proportional

to its height.

∴ar(largest ∆ABC) =

1

2

× 2r × r

= r

2

sq. units.

5. (D)

1

2

V

V

=

64

27

⇒

3

1

3

2

4

3

4

3

r

r

π

π

=

3

3

4

3

⇒

1

2

r

r

4

3

⇒

2

1

2

2

r

r

16

9

∴

1

2

S

S

2

1

2

2

4

4

r

r

π

π

⇒

2

1

2

2

r

r

16

9

i.e., S

1

: S

2

= 16 : 9.

6. (D) Let O be the centre of the circle and PA

and PB are two tangents inclined at 60°.

In right-angled ∆OAP,

∠OPA= 30°

APB

OPA = OPB =

2

∠

¸ _

∠ ∠

¸ ,

∵

∴ tan 30° =

OA

AP

⇒

1

3

=

3

AP

⇒ AP = 3 3 cm.

7. (D) Each pair of opposite sides of a

quadrilateral circumscribing a circle

subtends complementary angles at the

centre of the circle.

∴ ∠AOB + ∠COD = 180°

⇒ ∠COD = 180° – 125°

= 55°.

8. (C) Let the girl bought n tickets.

∴

6000

n

= 0.08

⇒ n = 480.

308

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

9. (B) Let the sun’s elevation = θ.

⇒ tan θ =

AB

BC

=

6

2 3

=

3

= tan 60°

⇒ θ = 60°.

10. (D) As XY ⊥ AB and CD ¦¦ XY so CD ⊥ AB.

⇒ CD is bisected by AB at M.

⇒ CD= 2 DM.

In ∆OMD,

DM=

2 2

OD – OM

=

2 2

5 – 3

(

.

.

.

r = 5 cm, OM = AM – AO = 8 – 5 = 3 cm)

∴ DM= 4 cm

Therefore, CD = 2 × 4 = 8 cm.

SECTION-B

11. Side of square = a = 7.5 × 2 = 15 cm

Area of shaded part = Area of square

– Area of circle

= a

2

– πr

2

= 15

2

– 3.14 × (7.5)

2

= 225 – 176.625

= 48.375 cm

2

.

12. Let first term = a

1

and common

difference = d.

⇒ 7a

7

= 11a

11

⇒ 7(a

1

+ 6d) = 11(a

1

+ 10d)

⇒ 7a

1

– 11a

1

= 110d – 42d

⇒ a

1

= – 17d

⇒ a

1

+ 17d = 0

∴ a

18

= 0.

13. 6x

2

–

2x

– 2 = 0

Comparing the coefficients of like powers

of the given equation with ax

2

+ bx + c = 0,

we get a = 6, b = –

2

, c = – 2

D = b

2

– 4ac = 2 + 48 = 50

Quadratic formula:

x =

2

– – 4

2

b b ac

a

±

∴ x =

± 2 50

12

=

± 2 5 2

12

∴ x =

6 2

12

or x =

– 4 2

12

i.e., x =

2

2

or x =

2

–

3

Hence, required roots are

2

2

and

2

–

3

.

OR

Consider the equation,

2x

2

– 3x – 5 = 0

⇒ 2x

2

– (5 – 2)x – 5 = 0

(Spliting middle term)

⇒ 2x

2

– 5x + 2x – 5 = 0

⇒ x(2x – 5) + 1 (2x – 5) = 0

⇒ (2x – 5) (x + 1) = 0

⇒ 2x – 5 = 0 or x + 1 = 0

i.e., x =

5

2

or – 1

Thus,

5

2

and – 1 are the required roots.

14. We are given three points are A(– 4, 0),

B(4, 0) and C(0, 3).

Using distance formula, we find the

lengths of segments (sides) as

AB =

+

2 2

8 0

= 8;

BC =

+

2 2

4 3

= 5

CA=

+

2 2

4 3

= 5

⇒ BC = CA ≠ AB

⇒ ∆ABC is an isosceles triangle.

309

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

15.

2 20 – –

,

7 7

¸ _

¸ ,

Hint: Use Section formula

x =

2 1

lx mx

l m

+

+

: y =

2 1

ly my

l m

+

+

where l : m = 3 : 4.

16. Sample space (all possible outcomes)

when rolling a pair of dice is given by:

S = {(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (1, 6),

(2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4) (2, 5), (2, 6),

(3, 1), (3, 2), (3, 3), (3, 4), (3, 5), (3, 6),

(4, 1), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6),

(5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4), (5, 5), (5, 6),

(6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3), (6, 4), (6, 5), (6, 6)}.

∴ n(S) = 36

Favourable outcomes are: (1, 3), (2, 2),

(2, 6), (3, 1), (3, 5), (4, 4), (5, 3), (6, 2),

(6, 6). These are 9 in counting.

Hence, the required probability

=

9

36

=

1

4

.

17. Volume of the remaining solid

= Volume of the cube

– Volume of the cone.

= l

3

–

1

3

πr

2

h

= 7

3

–

1

3

×

22

7

× 3

2

× 7

= 343 – 66 = 277 cm

3

.

18.

Extend AB and CD to meet at P.

Since the pair of tangents drawn from an

external point to a circle are equal,

i.e., BP = DP and AP = CP.

So, AP – BP = CP – DP

i.e., AB = CD. Hence proved.

SECTION-C

19. Number of cards with numbers from 2

to 101

= 101 – 2 + 1 = 100

∴ n(S) = 100

(i) Let E

1

be the event of drawing a card

having an even number.

Even numbers are : 2, 4, 6, ....., 100,

which are 50.

∴ n(E

1

) = 50

Now, P(E

1

) =

1

(E ) 50 1

= =

(S) 100 2

n

n

.

(ii) Let E

2

be the event of drawing a card

having a square number. Square numbers

are: 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100.

∴ n(E

2

) = 9 ∴ P(E

2

) =

2

(E ) 9

(S) 100

n

n

.

OR

Number of non-defective bulbs

= 24 – 6 = 18

P(First bulbs is not defective)

=

Number of non-defective bulbs

Total number of bulbs

=

18

24

=

3

4

If the first selected bulb is defective, then

the number of remaining defective bulbs

= 6 – 1 = 5 and the remaing total number

of bulbs = 24 – 1 = 23.

∴ P(Second bulb is defective) =

5

23

.

20. Given equation:

abx

2

+ (b

2

– ac)x – bc = 0

Comparing it with

Ax

2

+ Bx + C = 0, we get

A = ab; B = b

2

– ac; C = –bc

Quadratic formula:

x =

2

–B B – 4AC

2A

±

=

2 2 2

–( ) ( ) ( )

2

b – ac b – ac – 4ab – bc

ab

±

310

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

=

2 4 2 2 2

2

2

ac – b b + ab c + a c

ab

±

=

2 2 2

( )

2

ac – b b +ac

ab

±

=

2

( )

2

2

ac –b b +ac

ab

±

⇒ x =

2

2

ac

ab

or x =

2

– 2

2

b

ab

⇒ x =

c

b

or x = –

b

a

.

21. S

n

=

2

3 5

+

2 2

n n

Substituting n = n – 1, we get

S

n–1

=

3

2

(n – 1)

2

+

5

2

(n – 1)

=

3

2

(n

2

– 2n + 1) +

5

2

(n – 1)

=

3

2

n

2

– 3n +

3

2

+

5

2

n –

5

2

=

3

2

n

2

–

1

2

n – 1

n

th

term of an A.P. is given by

a

n

= S

n

– S

n – 1

=

3

2

n

2

+

5

2

n –

3

2

n

2

+

1

2

n + 1

= 3n + 1

∴ a

31

= 3 × 31 + 1 = 94.

OR

Common difference = a

3

– a

2

= a

2

– a

1

⇒ 3k

2

+ 4k + 4 – (2k

2

+ 3k + 6)

= 2k

2

+ 3k + 6 – (k

2

+ 4k)

∴ k

2

+ k – 2 = k

2

– k + 6

⇒ 2k = 8 ⇒ k = 4

∴ Common difference = 4

2

+ 4 – 2 = 18

Hence, the given terms are:

4

2

+4 ×4, 4

2

+ 4 ×4 + 18 and4

2

+4 × 4 + 2 ×18

i.e., 32, 50 and 68.

22. We are given

that AB = 8 cm;

BC = 10 cm and

CA = 12 cm

Let AD= x, then AF = x;

BD= AB – AD = 8 – x = BE

EC = BC – BE

= 10 – 8 + x = 2 + x = CF.

AF = AC – CF

= 12 – 2 – x = 10 – x

Here, we observe that

AF = x and AF = 10 – x

∴ x = 10 – x ⇒ x = 5 cm

Hence, AD= 5 cm; BE = 8 – x = 3 cm;

CF = 2 + x = 7 cm.

23. Use ASP:

∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°

105° + 45° + ∠C = 180°

⇒ ∠C = 180° – 150°= 30°

⇒ ∠C = 30°.

∆A′BC′ ~ ∆ABC such that

′ AB

AB

=

BC A C 4

BC AC 3

′ ′ ′

.

311

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

24. Circumcentre of a triangle is equidistant

from the vertices of the triangle

Let O (x, y), be the circumcentre of the given

∆ABC.

∴ ∴∴ ∴∴ OA = OB = OC

i.e., OA

2

= OB

2

= OC

2

Taking OA

2

= OC

2

, we get

(x – 8)

2

+ (y – 6)

2

= (x – 2)

2

+ (y + 2)

2

⇒ x

2

– 16x + 64 + y

2

– 12y + 36

= x

2

– 4x + 4 + y

2

+ 4y + 4

⇒ – 12x – 16y = 8 – 100

⇒ 12x + 16y = 92

⇒ 3x + 4y = 23 ...(i)

Also taking OB

2

= OC

2

,

(x – 8)

2

+ (y + 2)

2

= (x – 2)

2

+ (y + 2)

2

⇒ (x – 8)

2

= (x – 2)

2

⇒ x – 8 = ± (x – 2)

But x – 8 = (x – 2) as – 8 ≠ – 2

∴ x – 8 = – (x – 2)

i.e., 2x = 10

i.e., x = 5

Substituting x = 5 in equation (i), we get

3 × 5 + 4y = 23

i.e., 4y = 23 – 15 = 8

i.e., y = 2

Circumradius = OA

=

( ) ( ) +

2 2

– 8 – 8 x y

=

( ) ( ) +

2 2

5 –8 2– 6

= + 9 16 = 5

Hence, the circumcentre is (5, 2) and the

circumradius is 5 units.

25. Given chord is AC. Exterior angle

AOC = 270°. ACDA is the major segment.

∴ ar(segment ACDA)

= ar(sector AOCDA) + ar(∆AOC)

=

270°

360°

× π × (20)

2

+

1

2

× 20 × 20

=

3

4

× 3.14 × 400 + 10 × 20

= 942 + 200

= 1142 cm

2

.

26. Area of square = (side)

2

= (4)

2

= 16 cm

2

Area of each quadrant =

1

4

πr

2

=

1

4

× 3.14 × (1)

2

=

3.14

4

cm

2

∴ Area of 4 quadrants = 4 ×

3.14

4

= 3.14 cm

2

Also area of the circle drawn in middle of

the square = πr

2

= 3.14 ×

2

2

2

¸ _

¸ ,

= 3.14 cm

2

312

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

27. In the figure drawn here, let AB be a wall

of height h m and AC be a ladder 15 m

long that makes an angle of 60° with the

wall.

In right-angled ∆ABC,

cos 60° =

AB

AC

⇒

1

2

=

15

h

⇒ 2h = 15

∴ h =

15

2

= 7.5 m.

28. Let the required ratio be λ : 1

We will use section formula,

– 3 =

– 2 – 5

+1

λ

λ

; p =

– 4 + 3

+1

λ

λ

i.e., – 3λ – 3 = – 2λ – 5 ; p =

– 4 + 3

+1

λ

λ

i.e., λ = 2 ; p =

– 4 + 6

3

=

2

3

Required ratio is 2 : 1 and p =

2

3

.

SECTION-D

29. r = AO = BO = CO

= 3.5 cm

CD= 15.5 cm

OD= CD – CO

= 15.5 – 3.5 = 12 cm

Now, area of shaded part = Area of square

– Sum of areas of 4 quadrants – Area of

circle drawn in centre.

= 16 – 3.14 – 3.14

= 16 – 6.28 = 9.72 cm

2

OR

Side of ∆ABC = a = 10 cm

Radius of each circle = r =

10

2

= 5 cm

ar(ABC) =

3

4

a

2

=

3

4

× 10

2

= 25 3 = 25 × 1.732

= 43.30 cm

2

Area of each sector situated in ∆ABC

=

2

60°

×

360°

r π =

1

6

× 3.14 × 5

2

cm

2

.

Area of the shaded region

= ar(ABC) – 3 × area of any one

sector

= 43.30 – 3 ×

1

6

× 3.14 × 25

= 43.30 – 39.25 = 4.05 cm

2

.

313

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

l = AD =

2 2

OD AO +

= + 144 12.25

= 12.5 cm.

Now, total surface area

= C.S.A. of the cone ABD

+ C.S.A. of the hemisphere ACB

= πrl + 2πr

2

= πr(l + 2r)

=

22

7

× 3.5 × (12.5 + 7)

= 22 × 0.5 × 19.5 = 214.5 cm

2

.

OR

Given: r

1

= 20 cm, r

2

= 8 cm and h = 16 cm

Volume of the container

V = ( )

2 2

1 2 1 2

1

3

h r r r r π + +

=

( )

2 2

1

× 3.14 × 16 20 8 20 8

3

+ + ×

= ( )

1

× 50.24 × 400 64 160

3

+ +

=

1

3

× 50.24 × 624 = 10450 cm

3

(approx)

∴ Capacity of container

=

10450

1000

l = 10.45 l

Cost of milk = Volume of the container

× Rate per litre

= 10.45 × ` 15

= ` 156.75.

30. Let the tap of larger diameter takes t hours

to fill the tank. So the smaller one will take

(10 + t) hours on the same work.

∴ The part of the tank filled by larger tap in

1 hour =

1

t

And the part of the tank filled by the smaller

tap in 1 hour =

+

1

10 t

So, the part of the tank filled by both the taps

simultaneously in 1 hour =

1

t

+

+

1

10 t

...(i)

But it is given that the taps together fill the

tank in

3

9

8

=

75

8

hrs.

So, the part of the tank filled by both the taps

simultaneously in 1 hour =

1

75

8

=

8

75

hrs

...(ii)

From the results (i) and (ii), we have

+

+

1 1

10 t t

=

8

75

10

( 10)

t t

t t

+ +

+

=

8

75

⇒ 750 + 150t = 8t

2

+ 80t

⇒ 8t

2

– 70t – 750 = 0,

314

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

i.e., 4t

2

– 35t – 375 = 0

D = (– 35t)

2

– 4 × 4 × (– 375) = 1225 + 6000

∴

D

= 7225 ± = ± 85

∴ t =

35 85

2 4

±

×

=

120

8

or

– 50

8

∴ t =

120

8

= 15 hrs

(Time cannot be negative so t =

–50

8

is rejected.)

And t + 10 = 25 hrs.

Thus, time taken by the larger tap = 15 hrs.

and time taken by the smaller tap = 25 hrs.

31. DA and DC are two tangents from D to the

circle with centre F.

∴ ∠ADF = ∠CDF ...(i)

Similarly,

∴ ∠BEF = ∠CEF ...(ii)

As l ¦¦ m and DE is transversal,

∴ ∠ADE + ∠BED= 180°

(Cointerior angles)

∴ (∠ADF + ∠EDF) + (∠BEF + ∠DEF) = 180°

∴ (∠EDF + ∠EDF) + (∠DEF + ∠DEF) = 180°

⇒ 2 ∠EDF + 2 ∠DEF = 180°

⇒ ∠EDF + ∠DEF = 90° ...(iii)

In ∆EDF,

⇒∠EDF + ∠DEF + ∠DFE = 180°

(Angle sum property of a triangle)

⇒ 90° + ∠DFE = 180°

[Using (iii)]

∴ ∠DFE = 90°.

Hence proved.

32. Let us take LHS of the given equation

– 4 + (– 1) + 2 +......+ x

Here, 2

nd

term– 1

st

term = 3

rd

term– 2

nd

term

= 3. So, this is the sum of A.P. with common

difference d = 3 and the first term a = – 4.

Let this A.P. contains n terms.

Then, using a

n

= a + (n – 1)d, we get

x = – 4 + (n – 1) 3

⇒ n – 1 =

+ 4

3

x

⇒ n =

+7

3

x

Now, LHS =

+7

3

x

(– 4 + x)

[Using S

n

=

2

n

(a + l)]

=

2

– 4 – 28 7

6

x x x + +

=

+

2

3 – 28

6

x x

Hence, the given equation becomes

+

2

3 – 28

6

x x

= 437

⇒ x

2

+ 3x – 2650 = 0

x

2

+ 53x – 50x – 2650 = 0

⇒ (x + 53) (x – 50) = 0

⇒ x = – 53 or x = 50

But x = – 53 is not possible because the A.P.

has no negative term after the second term.

Therefore, x = 50.

OR

Ruchi has 13 flags to be fixed at one side

of her, each at R

1

, R

2

,......., R

3

(see figure)

and the same no. on the opposite side of

it such that the flags are on the straight

passage.

315

R S I T C E P A E P A C R P

Let initially Ruchi is at the point R with

her books and 27 flags.

Ruchi fixed one flag at the point R also

RR

1

= R

1

R

2

= ..... = R

12

R

13

= 2 m

Fixing one flag at R

1

, distance covered by

Ruchi

= RR

1

+ R

1

R

= 2 + 2 = 4 m

Fixing one flag at R

2

, distance covered by

Ruchi = RR

2

+ R

2

R

= 4 + 4 = 8 m and so on.

Therefore distance covered by Ruchi to fix

all flags on one side of R.

= 4 + 8 + 12 + ....... to 13 term

= 4(1 + 2 + 3 +.......to 13 terms)

= 4 ×

13 ×14

2

= 364 m

Similarly, distance covered by Ruchi to fix

all flags on other side of R = 364 m.

Hence, total distance covered

= 364 + 364 = 728 m

Maximum distance travelled by Ruchi

carrying a flag = RR

3

= 2 × 13 = 26 m.

33. Let XP = x and PQ = y

∴ YM = x; PM = 40 m; QM = y – 40

In right-angled triangle QYM,

tan 45° =

QM

YM

⇒ 1 =

– 40 y

x

⇒ x = y – 40 ...(i)

In right-angled triangle QXP,

tan 60° =

QP

XP

⇒

3

y

x

⇒ x =

3

y

...(ii)

From equations (i) and (ii), we have

y – 40 =

3

y

⇒ 3 y – 40 3 = y

⇒ (

3

– 1)y = 40 3

⇒ y =

40 3

3 – 1

⇒ y =

40 3

3 – 1

×

+

+

3 1

3 1

y =

40(3 3)

3 – 1

+

⇒ y = 20

(3 3) +

...(iii)

i.e. PQ= 20(3 3) + metres

Again in right-angled triangle QXP,

sin 60° =

QP

XQ

⇒

3

2

=

20(3 3)

XQ

+

⇒ XQ

20(3 + 3) × 2

3

⇒ XQ

40( 3 1) +

Hence, PQ =

20(3 3) +

metres and

XQ=

40( 3 1) +

metres.

316

A M T H E M A T C S I X –

34. h = 16 cm

r

2

= 8 cm

r

1

= 20 cm

l =

2 2

1 2

( – ) h r r +

=

2 2

16 12 +

=

256 144 +

=

400

= 20 cm.

∴ Area of sheet used to make bucket

= C.S.A. of frustum + Area of base

= πl(r

1

+ r

2

) + πr

2

2

= π[l(r

1

+ r

2

) + r

2

2

]

= π[20 × 28 + 64]

= 3.14 × 624

= 1959.36 cm

2

∴ Cost =

1959.36

100

× 15

= ` 293.90

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