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Draft Control

D R A F T

C O N T R O L

G U I D E

w w w . f i e l d c o n t r o l s . c o m

August 2007

and money is saved. When it is. wind fluctuations. and barometric pressure changes. gas. Room temperature air (3) enters through the barometric draft control (4) in the precise amount needed to overcome the excess drafts caused by temperature variations. fuels are utilized efficiently. RC MG-1 M M+MG2 How Draft Controls Work Static pressure of the cool air (1) Illustration A exerts pressure on the outside of the furnace or boiler. The velocity of combustion gases through the heat exchanger is slowed so more heat is extracted. and requires less maintenance.Draft Control For proper operation and efficient fuel consumption in oil. reliably. the breaching. The unit operates more efficiently. and/or coal-fired heating appliances. Combustion of fuel is complete and the process is stabilized. combustion is more complete. The pressure difference between the room air and heated gas (air) causes products of combustion (2) to flow (draft) through the unit and rise through the breaching and chimney. as well as the effects of wind. and stack. Field Draft Controls maintain consistent draft by counteracting the negative forces caused by changes in temperature and barometric pressure. Illustration A Gas Installation 2 . draft must remain constant.

Illustration B When to use a Draft Control • Draft Inducers/Power Venters With these devices. Like a single-acting control. unlike a single-acting control. A single-acting draft control for oil maintains that negative pressure. • Power Burners A power burner is designed so that a fan delivers negative air pressure to the combustion chamber.Draft Control Typical Natural Vent System Illustration B demonstrates how pressure changes as air/gases flow through the appliance (A). it opens inwardly to maintain a uniform draft. Use a single-acting control for oil and gas-fired equipment with a power vented system. Use a singleacting control for oil. • Gas-Fired Appliances Gas-fired furnaces and boilers generally require a double-acting draft control. But. causing fluctuations in air flow through the combustion chamber. National codes often mandate the use of a draft control. Usage is generally limited to furnaces or boilers designed for use with power burners and incinerators. We suggest using a double-acting control on units where fuels are frequently changed. draft is increased or created. To detect flue gas spillage on dual fuel installation. While a draft hood (diverter) is often used on gas units fired with an atmospheric burner. a double-acting barometric draft control should be used for furnaces or boilers fired with power burners. reducing the amount of pressure within the furnace 3 . These fluctuations can be negated by the use of a barometric draft control located between the draft inducer or power venter and the furnace. or boiler. The doubleacting feature is important for gas-firing appliances because it allows spillage of combustion products in case of blocked flues or down-drafts. and a double-acting control for gas-fired equipment with a draft induced system. A barometric draft control will help eliminate this undesirable stack action and permit the unit to be pressurized. through the vent pipe (C). or water heater it services. Draft controls are generally used when oil-fired units are converted to gas. • Forced Draft Burners Forced Draft installed with a stack height in excess of 30' will probably develop excessive natural draft. and outside the building (D/E). • Dual Fuel Appliances Burners capable of burning either gaseous fuels or oil should be equipped with a barometric draft control. A power burner designed to burn natural or LP gas operates in the same manner. it is also free to open outwardly to spill the products of combustion. a Field Thermal Safety Switch is recommended. boiler. past the draft control (B). in case of blocked flues or down-drafts.

12. Designed for settings from .6 28.3 63. In.6 19.5 50.08".02" to .3 38. 9 1⁄2 to 15 3⁄4 12 ⁄2 to 19 1 B 2 1⁄2 2 ⁄2 1 C 2 2 3 D E G 1 1 1 1 H 2 1⁄2 2 ⁄2 1 M 7 7 7 5⁄8 8 5⁄8 11 2 5⁄16 4 9⁄16 2 ⁄16 5 ⁄16 5 9 15 3⁄4 to 22 19 to 25 1⁄4 22 to 28 1⁄8 1 7⁄8 2 6 5⁄8 2 3⁄4 2 3⁄4 2 5⁄8 2 5⁄8 3 1⁄2 2 1⁄2 7 5⁄8 4 3⁄8 4 3 3⁄8 8 11⁄16 1 1⁄8 8-9-10 25 1⁄4 to 31 1⁄2 5 1⁄8 4 1⁄2 3 3⁄4 9 11⁄16 1 1⁄2 2 5⁄8 12 1⁄4 *RCBT is recommended for wood and coal burning applications or anytime black pipe is preferred. 4 .Draft Control Type RC Oil or Coal – Residential and Commercial The Field RC is furnished as standard equipment on many leading brands of oil or coal-fired heating equipment. It is calibrated to allow for easy adjustment to the furnace or boiler manufacturer’s specifications. this control is so sensitive that instrumentation should be used when adjusting the unit during installation. RC RCBT* MATERIAL GAUGES Size RING GATE 4" 22 24 5" 24 24 26 6" 24 24 26 7" 22 24 26 8" 20 20 26 9" 20 20 26 COLLAR 26 Model 4" RC/RCBT 5" RC/RCBT 6" RC/RCBT 7" RC/RCBT 8" RC/RCBT 9" RC/RCBT Control Size 4 5 6 7 8 9 Nominal Capacity Sq. 3-4-5 4-5-6 5-6-7 6-7-8 7-8-9 Dimensions (inches) A 4 5 6 7 8 9 Circum.6 Recommended Pipe Sizes (in.) Dia.

01". In.Residential The M control lends itself ideally to conditions requiring a great deal of stability and accuracy.6 19. or sidewall power venters.01" to . Circum.6 28. 12.6 Recommended Pipe Sizes (in. 15 3⁄4 to 22 19 to 25 1⁄4 22 to 28 1⁄4 B 5 5 1⁄4 6 3⁄8 7 1⁄4 C 3 3 1⁄2 4 4 1⁄2 D E G 2 2 1⁄4 3 M 8 8 3⁄4 10 3⁄8 3 1⁄4 6 17⁄32 3 3⁄4 3 3⁄8 3 3⁄4 7 3⁄8 8 5⁄8 COLLAR 26 Type MG-1 Gas A double-acting control for gas-fired furnaces and boilers is widely used for conversion burner installations. 6" M 7" M 8" M 6 7 8 9 28. Draft adjustments using weights are simple and accurate from . gas draft-induced appliance operation with mechanical draft inducers. The Type M features an infinitely variable screw adjustment. 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9 ⁄2 to 12 ⁄2 1 1 Dimensions (inches) A 4 5 6 7 8 9 B 2 ⁄2 1 C 2 2 3 3 1⁄2 4 4 1⁄2 D 5 E 9 F 1 G 1 H 2 ⁄2 1 J 1 K 1 ⁄4 1 L 3 M 7 7 8 7⁄16 9 5⁄8 11 12 1⁄4 2 ⁄16 4 ⁄16 1 ⁄2 2 5⁄16 5 9⁄16 3 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 12 1⁄2 to 15 3⁄4 15 ⁄4 to 19 3 2 1⁄2 2 ⁄16 11 2 2 ⁄8 1 5 2 1⁄2 2 ⁄4 3 1 1 1⁄4 1 ⁄4 3 1 6 ⁄8 5 13 ⁄16 3 5 19 to 22 22 to 25 1⁄4 25 1⁄4 to 28 1⁄4 3 3⁄8 4 3⁄8 5 1⁄8 3 3⁄4 7 5⁄8 2 3⁄8 3 1 1⁄8 1 1⁄2 1 3⁄4 2 3⁄4 2 5⁄8 2 5⁄8 3 2 2 1⁄4 2 1⁄2 1 3 3⁄8 8 11⁄16 3 3 3 3⁄4 9 11⁄16 3 1⁄2 3 3 5 .3 63. M MATERIAL GAUGES Size RING GATE 6" 24 26 7" 22 22 26 8" 20 20 24 9" 20 20 24 Nominal Control Capacity Model Size Sq.) Dia.1".6 Recommended Pipe Sizes (in. 5-6-7 6-7-8 7-8-9 Dimensions (inches) A 6 7 8 9 Circum. permitting an extremely fine instrument setting. The MG-1 provides precise. Because it is double-acting.5 50.3 38. it opens out to relieve positive vent system pressures as low as . the Field M Control is recommended for oil or coal-fired residential heating applications.3 38. It is also recommended for use on gas atmospheric appliances where a draft hood cannot be installed. and can improve combustion stability and draft on many gas atmospheric installations with venting problems. Designed for settings from .) Dia. Model 4" MG-1 5" MG-1 6" MG-1 7" MG-1 8" MG-1 9" MG-1 9" M 8-9-10 25 1⁄4 to 31 1⁄2 9 5⁄8 1 29⁄32 11 3⁄4 US MG-1 MATERIAL GAUGES Size RING GATE 4" 24 24 5" 24 24 26 6" 24 24 26 7" 22 22 26 8" 20 20 26 9" 20 20 26 COLLAR 26 Control Size 4 5 6 7 8 9 Nominal Capacity Sq. In. The M employs side wings to control air direction with gate curvatures designed to compensate for differences in horizontal and vertical settings.3 63.01" to . accurate control of drafts at levels higher than permitted by a standard draft diverter. which is a frequent requirement with gas.5 50.Draft Control Type M Oil or Coal .1".

The moving part (gate) rests on a long.16 17 . When the heavy gauge gate moves. gas. The Field Type M+MG2 Draft Control provides precise draft regulations for solid fuels.14 15 .34 28 ⁄4 to 31 ⁄2 1 1 M+MG2 US Model 10" M+MG2* 12" M+MG2* 14" M+MG2* 16" M+MG2 18" M+MG2 20" M+MG2** 24" M+MG2** 28" M+MG2** 32" M+MG2** Control Size 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 28 32 Nominal Capacity Sq. or oil/gas appliances requiring only the simplest. oil.18 19 . Recommended Pipe Sizes (in. commercial. on-thejob adjustments depending on which fuel is to be utilized. rugged. the double-acting Type M+MG2 is specified instead of a draft hood to give the appliance the assistance of the chimney. in turn. only the knife edge rests on the bearing for minimum friction and maximum sensitivity to draft changes. Use the M+MG2 as a single-acting draft control for oil or solid fuel applications. For any installation with 10" or larger diameter smoke pipe. Circum. 78.25 26 .21 22 . thin. MATERIAL GAUGES Size RING GATE COLLAR 10" 20 18 24* 12" 20 16 24* 14" 20 16 22* 16" 18 16 20* 18" 18 16 20* 20" 18 16 18* 24" 18 14 18* 28" 16 14 14** 32" 16 14 14** * Galvanized **HRPO with Enamel Finish 6 . In.12 13 .10 11 .) Dia. heavy-duty controls for use on large residential.5 113 154 201 255 314 452 616 804 Dimensions (inches) A 10 12 14 16 18 20 B 4 ⁄8 3 C 5 6 7 8 9 10 D 4 ⁄4 1 E 11 F 3 G 1 H 3 J 1 1 1 K 3 ⁄2 1 L 1 7 M 14 1⁄8 16 1⁄2 19 1⁄4 22 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄8 4 ⁄4 34 1⁄2 to 37 3⁄4 40 3⁄4 to 44 47 to 50 1⁄4 53 1⁄2 to 56 1⁄2 59 3⁄4 to 66 69 to 78 1⁄2 81 3⁄4 to 94 1⁄4 97 1⁄2 to 107 5 3⁄4 7 1⁄8 8 3⁄8 8 1⁄4 9 5⁄8 5 13 1⁄4 4 5⁄8 1 3⁄4 4 3⁄4 3 1⁄2 3 1⁄2 4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 5 3⁄4 15 1⁄2 5 3⁄8 2 1⁄8 5 1⁄8 5 6 1⁄2 17 1⁄2 6 1⁄8 2 3⁄8 5 5⁄8 1 1⁄2 5 7 1⁄2 19 1⁄2 6 7⁄8 2 3⁄4 7 3⁄8 1 1⁄2 5 1⁄4 1 5⁄8 24 5⁄8 8 1⁄8 22 7 5⁄8 3 7 3⁄4 1 1⁄2 6 1⁄4 1 1⁄4 27 3⁄8 2 2 2 6 1⁄4 1 1⁄4 6 1⁄4 6 1⁄4 7 24 12 3⁄8 12 10 1⁄2 26 28 13 1⁄8 14 32 15 3⁄8 16 - 9 1⁄4 3 5⁄8 8 5⁄8 33 38 1⁄2 43 1⁄2 30 1⁄2 10 3⁄4 4 1⁄8 11 3⁄8 35 12 1⁄4 4 3⁄4 12 1⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 5 * CSA certified ** An increaser or reducer may be necessary in order for the Barometric Draft Control to adapt to off-sized pipe. specify our standard M+MG2 Draft Control. use the M+MG2 as a double-acting draft control with the optional Field Thermal Switch accessory. is supported by selfaligning and self-cleaning bearings.Draft Control Type M+MG2 Solid. stainless steel knife edge which. 9 . In a gas installation. and industrial applications. the unit that can be adapted to any fuel.30 31 . In a duel fuel oil/gas or a gas-fired only application. Oil or Gas Commercial/Industrial This is a series of compact.

Draft Control Recommended Locations for Field Draft Controls For gas-fired equipment. Where several units are vented into a common breaching. the bull head tee is not recommended. the most draft-critical should vent highest in. 1 Multiple Appliance Location Recommendations Commercial and industrial furnaces and boilers are frequently installed in multiples. the preferred location of the control is on the bull head tee. (See Fig. Except on forced draft systems. This location provides maximum relief of downdrafts with minimum positive pressure. locate the control as close as possible to the furnace or boiler. at least 12" beyond a stack switch on oil-fired units. 2) Use a draft control for each boiler located on the uptake between the smoke outlet and the breaching (location A). When this uptake is too short to permit the installation of a control. and at least 18" from a combustible ceiling or wall. (See Fig. 1. 2 7 . (Installation Options) Fig. Dia. (See Fig. Fig. locate a separate control for each boiler on the main breaching (location B). or be placed closest to the chimney. D-J) These locations are acceptable for gas units as well. use a single large control in the breaching between the chimney and the nearest boiler (location C). 1. or vented lowest in the chimney. Dia. A-C) With oil or solid fuels. If neither of these locations is possible. Incinerators should generally be placed farthest from. so locate the control as shown.

3. so its capacity is approximately the same as a round pipe of the same diameter. it is advisable to deviate from the rules of thumb outlined here and refer to the sizing chart. use a 6" control for a 6" pipe. In. or if the draft to be maintained is either very high or very low. From the table. When chimneys are of an unusual height. use the round equivalent. use more than one draft control with combined cross-sectional areas equal to or greater than that of the breaching. Little flow occurs in the corners of a square pipe.) 28 38 50 63 78 113 154 Control Size 16" 18" 20" 24" 28" 32" Nominal Cross-Sectional Area (Sq.on a 14" x 14" breaching use a 14" control. 2. Control Size 6" 7" 8" 9" 10" 12" 14" (Sizing the Control) Nominal Cross-Sectional Area (Sq. If the breaching is rectangular or oval. compute its crosssectional area and select a draft control having the same or a greater nominal crosssectional area. For example .) 201 255 314 452 616 804 Sizing Chart Diameter of Flue or Breeching 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 If Chimney Height is 15' or less 15' or less 15' or less 15' or less 15' or less 15' or less 20' or less 20' or less 20' or less 22' or less 22' or less 22' or less 30' or less 30' or less 30' or less 30' or less 30' or less 30' or less 30' or less 35' or less 35' or less 35' or less 40' or less 40' or less 50' or less 50' or less 50' or less 50' or less 50' or less 50' or less 50' or less Use This Size Control 4" 5" 6" 7" 8" 9" 10" 12" 12" 14" 14" 16" 16" 18" 18" 20" 20" 20" 24" 24" 24" 28" 28" 28" 28" 28" 32" 32" 32" 32" 32" If Chimney Height is 16' or more 16' or more 16' or more 16' or more 16' or more 16'-30' 21'-40' 21'-40' 21'-40' 23'-45' 23'-45' 23'-45' 31'-50' 31'-50' 31'-50' 31'-50' 31'-50' 31'-50' 31'-50' 36'-60' 36'-60' 36'-60' 41'-70' 41'-70' 51'-100' 51'-100' 51'-100' 51'-100' 51'-100' 51'-100' 51'-100' Use This Size Control 5" 6" 7" 8" 9" 10" 12" 12" 14" 16" 16" 16" 18" 20" 20" 20" 20" 24" 24" 24" 24" 28" 28" 28" 32" 32" 32" 32" 32" One 32" One 20" One 32" One 24" If Chimney Height is Use This Size Control 31' or more 41' or more 41' or more 41' or more 46' or more 46' or more 46' or more 51' or more 51' or more 51' or more 51' or more 51' or more 51' or more 51' or more 61' or more 61' or more 61' or more 71' or more 71'-100' 100' or more 100' or more 100' or more 100' or more 100' or more 100' or more 100' or more 12" 14" 14" 16" 18" 18" 18" 20" 20" 20" 24" 24" 24" 24" 28" 28" 28" 28" 28" 32" 32" 32" Two 24" One 24" One 28" One 32" One 24" One 32" One 24" 8 . For most applications. select a 14" control with a cross-sectional area of 154 square inches. In. the draft control should be the same size as the flue pipe. Where a control larger than 32" is required.Draft Control Choosing The Right Size Simple rules of thumb to guide size selections: 1. A breaching 14" high x 10" wide would have a cross-sectional area of 140 square inches. If the flue pipe or breaching is square. 4. In other words. 5.

When the thermostat is satisfied. Chimney Draft Control A B 9 . DI Paks are available for 24 volt and millivolt applications and include all controls necessary. The Inducer control is activated. use a control kit. undersized flue pipes and negative building pressures. 3. This energizes the Draft Inducer (A) which creates negative pressure or draft. both the burner and Draft Inducer shut down. and boilers.Draft Inducers Field Draft Inducers solve the drafting problems caused by short chimneys. water heaters. Not for sidewall venting. Note: Pressure switch required according to NFPA code. Thermostat calls for heat. 4. Draft Inducers are designed for easy installation in a wide variety of applications. For venting single or multiple appliances. including oil or gas-fired furnaces. When to use a Draft Inducer • Long horizontal vent runs • Undersized flue pipes • Short chimneys • Outside exposed chimney Sources of Draft Problems Trees Above Chimney Outlet Adjacent Tall Building Insufficient Chimney Height Terrain Exposed Chimney How Draft Inducers Work 1. 2. The draft closes the negative pressure proving switch and starts the burner (B).

224 1.000 353.224 1.09 47 72 75 82 190 210 225 240 355 458 472 568 612 850 952 1.800.000 Oil or Coal-Firing with Barometric Draft Control Static Pipe Flow Draft Inducer Pressure Dia. (CFM) per GPH (IN) (Model) (IN W.000 340.000 694.000 1.000 390.000 2.000 123.20 .07 .07 . yes yes yes yes yes 9 ⁄16 7 9 ⁄16 3 6 ⁄16 7 3 3 3⁄4 7 9 12 9⁄16 12 9⁄16 12 ⁄16 9 10 1⁄8 14 3⁄16 16 ⁄16 3 9 9 9 11 3⁄4 11 3⁄4 11 ⁄4 3 10 .08 .06 .224 1.06 .1 3.500 1.000 3.5 8.000 880.05 .13 .000 105.75 3 5 6 6.000 111.5 7.18 .000 279.C.900 DI-2 DI-3 DI-4 DI-4 DI-4 DI-5 DI-5 DI-5 * DI-2 PK’s are designed for commercial water heater application.000 2.000 2.000 522.07 . (CFM) (Model) (IN W.43 1.000 908.5 .000 308.06 36 48 67 68 156 175 200 215 355 458 472 568 612 850 952 1.12 .13 .000 2.Draft Inducers Sizing Chart Gas-Firing with Draft Hood Input (BTU/HR) 69.09 .000 1.632 1.000 118.) 3 4 5 6 5 6 7 8 8 9 10 12 10 12 14 16 14 16 18 20 DI-1 DI-2 DI-2 PK24* DI-2 PKmv* DI-3 .14 .000 3.04 .) (IN) 3 4 5 6 5 6 7 8 8 9 10 12 10 12 14 16 14 16 18 20 Static Pipe Flow Max. (CFM) (Model) (IN W.05 .000 1.200.06 .400.9 .09 .05 .5 2.7 .15 .654.000 105.300.177.350.13 .224 1.17 .16 .5 11 13 17 17 21 22 26 DI-1 .900 DI-1 DI-2 DI-2 PK24 DI-2 PKmv DI-3 .000 120.831.224 1.000 674.11 .885.07 .9 5.632 1.000 1.C.14 .13 .000 1.13 .000.05 .10 .15 . Input Draft Inducer Pressure Dia.800.C.092.900 .632 1.500 1.06 .000 900.06 .224 1.000 2.11 .000 683.05 .08 .04 .0 5.18 .07 .500 1.7 Therm.000 2.000 330.15 .08 36 55 65 68 156 176 189 200 355 458 472 568 612 850 952 1.06 .000 1.10 .19 .250.06 .) (IN) 3 4 5 6 5 6 7 8 8 9 10 12 10 12 14 16 14 16 18 20 Static Pipe Flow Draft Inducer Pressure Dia.95 2 2.04 .635. Specifications Unit Dimensions (inches) Model DI-1 DI-2 DI-3 DI-4 DI-5 Electrical Data X 2 ⁄8 5 L 8 ⁄32 3 W 8 ⁄16 13 D 5 ⁄32 17 Y 7 8 ⁄8 3 Volts 115 115 115 115 115 Hz 60 60 60 60 60 RPM 1550 1550 1725 1725 1725 Watts 33 78 186 440 560 Amps . Prot.15 .05 .000 364.13 .400.000 Gas-Firing with Barometric Draft Control Input (BTU/HR) 69.140.10 .000 1.12 .10 .000 2.15 .000 835.18 .000 300.05 .08 .09 .05 .

75 Watts 57 57 252 252 Hz 60 60 60 60 Max. • To Create Draft in Cold Chimneys A chimney. especially on an outside wall. 12 sq. Stainless Steel Construction Motor Information Inducer Size 6" Type C 8" Type C 10" Type C 13" Type C Speed Control RPMs 1550 1550 1050 1050 Volts 115 115 115 115 Amps . may be so cold prior to starting a fire that no draft exists.5 sq. Volts 115 115 115 115 Amps 6 6 6 6 Hz 60 60 60 60 Model 6" C Draft Inducer 8" C Draft Inducer 10" C Draft Inducer 13" C Draft Inducer Dimensions (inches) A 5 59⁄64 7 15⁄16 10 13 B 16 16 16 16 C 3 15⁄32 3 3⁄8 3 3⁄8 3 D 14 3⁄4 14 3⁄4 14 3⁄4 14 3⁄4 Max. and is designed to provide years of trouble-free operation. The addition of a Type C Draft Inducer will compensate for lack of air by supplementing the chimney’s natural draft.75 3. (For Wood/ Coal Fireplaces) When to use a Chimney Top Draft Inducer • To Provide Additional Air A considerable amount of air is necessary to allow for good chimney draft. ft. 30 sq. Or a fireplace design inadequacy.Chimney Top Draft Inducer The Type C Chimney Top Draft Inducer provides negative pressure to overcome the effects of wind. may prevent adequate draft.81 . 10".5 7 12 30 sq. insufficient chimney height. cold chimneys. The Type C Draft Inducer is effective when venting standard fireplaces and freestanding gas fireplaces. this air is not readily available. 7 sq.81 3. ft. sq. A Type C Draft Inducer switched on before starting the fire will provide draft until the chimney has become hot enough to generate a natural draft. sq. ft. 11 . and downdraft. ft. In many tightly constructed homes. or can be installed with the Field Controls variable speed motor control. ft. Hearth Opening 3. It can operate with a standard manual on-off switch. or the addition of an exhaust fan can change air flows and result in poor draft. The Type C Draft Inducer is available in four sizes: 6". 8". and 13". ft. Remodeling. ft. terrain or trees. It is insulated to withstand peak temperatures up to 1300º F and operates continually at 900º F without overheating the motor windings or bearings. Hearth Opening 3. ft. such as an undersized flue. • To Prevent Occasional or Continuous Smoking Occasional smoking may be the result of several factors including downdraft caused by adjacent buildings. new additions. sq.

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