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Dados

:
Tipo
Locomotivas
Tipo=
Peso(PL)=
Coef. de atrito trilho-roda(f)=
Velocidade Crítica(V)=
Potência(W)=
Base Rígida(p)=
Bitola da ferrovia(b)=
Área Frontal(A)=

B-B
180
0.21
18
2200
3.5
1.6
130

Eixos Totais
4

tf

Eixos Tratores
4

1-C-C-1
C-C
B-B
1-B-B-1
2-B-B-2

Eixos ñ tratores
0

km/h
Hpef
m
m
sq.ft

Vagões Tipo A
Nº de eixos
Peso(PL)=
Área Frontal(A)=

4
60
85

eixos
tf
sq.ft

4
30
40

eixos
tf
sq.ft

(adotado 4 por ser o mais crítico)

Vagões Tipo B
Nº de eixos
Peso(PL)=
Área Frontal(A)=

Resolução
a)
Dados:
i=
R=
nº de locomotivas=

0.80
500
5

%
m
locomotivas

Cálculo dos Esforços
Esforço Trator
F=

33396

kgf

Força Aderente
Fad=

37800

kgf

Adotado
F=

33396

kgf

Cálculo Resistências Locomotiva
Resistência Normal
W=
R'n=

49.5
1.211395202

Resistência de Curva
R'c=

1.98

Kgf/tf

Resistência de Rampa
R'r=

8

Kgf/tf

short-ton
Kgf/tf

Cálculo Resistências Vagões
Resistência Normal
W(vagão A)=
W(vagão B)=
R'n(vagão A)=
R'n(vagão B)=

16.5
8.25
1.82
2.70

Resistência de Curva
R'c=

1.6

Kgf/tf

Resistência de Rampa
R'r=

8.00

Kgf/tf

short-ton
short-ton
Kgf/tf
Kgf/tf

Cálculo do Número de Vagões
Nv=
Nv(A)=
Nv(B)=

148
89
59

vagões
vagões
vagões

Dados:
i=
R=
Vagões A=
Vagões B=

0.9
550
30
30

%
m
vagões
vagões

b)

Cálculo Resistências Locomotiva
Resistência Normal
R'n=

1.21

Kgf/tf

Resistência de Curva
R'c=

1.82

Kgf/tf

Resistência de Rampa
R'r=

9

Kgf/tf

Cálculo Resistências Vagões
Resistência Normal
W(vagão A)=
W(vagão B)=
R'n(vagão A)=
R'n(vagão B)=

16.50
8.25
1.82
2.70

Resistência de Curva
R'c=

1.45

Resistência de Rampa
R'r=

9.00

short-ton
short-ton
Kgf/tf
Kgf/tf

Kgf/tf

Kgf/tf

Cálculo Número de Locomotivas
NL=

2.00

locomotivas

1.00
450.00
5.00
25.00
35.00
49.50
16.50
8.25
40.75

%
m
locomotivas
vagões
vagões
short-ton
short-ton
short-ton
km/h

c)
Dados:
i=
R=
Locomotivas=
Vagões A=
Vagões B=
W=
W(Vagão A)=
W(Vagão B)=
Velocidade de Equilíbrio=
Velocidade (km/h)
123
122
121
120
118
117
116
115
114
113
112
111
110
109
108
107
106
105
104
103
102
101
100
99
98
97
96
95
94
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
79
78
77
76
75
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41.75
41.5
41.25
41
40.75
40.5
40.25
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16

Esforço Trator (Tf) R'n Locomotiva (Kgf/Tf)
4.89
6.75
4.93
6.67
4.97
6.58
5.01
6.50
5.09
6.33
5.14
6.25
5.18
6.17
5.23
6.09
5.27
6.01
5.32
5.93
5.37
5.85
5.42
5.78
5.46
5.70
5.51
5.62
5.57
5.55
5.62
5.47
5.67
5.39
5.73
5.32
5.78
5.25
5.84
5.17
5.89
5.10
5.95
5.03
6.01
4.96
6.07
4.89
6.13
4.82
6.20
4.75
6.26
4.68
6.33
4.61
6.39
4.54
6.46
4.48
6.53
4.41
6.61
4.34
6.68
4.28
6.75
4.22
6.83
4.15
6.91
4.09
6.99
4.03
7.07
3.96
7.16
3.90
7.24
3.84
7.33
3.78
7.42
3.72
7.51
3.66
7.61
3.60
7.71
3.55
7.81
3.49
7.91
3.43
8.02
3.38
8.12
3.32
8.23
3.27
8.35
3.21
8.47
3.16
8.59
3.11
8.71
3.06
8.84
3.00
8.97
2.95
9.11
2.90
9.25
2.85
9.39
2.80
9.54
2.76
9.70
2.71
9.85
2.66
10.02
2.61
10.19
2.57
10.36
2.52
10.55
2.48
10.73
2.43
10.93
2.39
11.13
2.35
11.34
2.30
11.56
2.26
11.79
2.22
12.02
2.18
12.27
2.14
12.52
2.10
12.79
2.06
13.07
2.03
13.36
1.99
13.66
1.95
13.98
1.92
14.31
1.88
14.40
1.87
14.49
1.86
14.57
1.85
14.66
1.84
14.75
1.84
14.84
1.83
14.93
1.82
15.03
1.81
15.41
1.78
15.82
1.74
16.25
1.71
16.70
1.68
17.18
1.65
17.68
1.62
18.22
1.59
18.79
1.56
19.39
1.53
20.04
1.50
20.73
1.47
21.47
1.45
22.26
1.42
23.12
1.39
24.05
1.37
25.05
1.35
26.14
1.32
27.32
1.30
28.63
1.28
30.06
1.25
31.64
1.23
33.40
1.21
35.36
1.19
37.57
1.17

167
209
R'c Locomotiva (Kgf/Tf)
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18

R'r Locom. e Vagão (Kgf/Tf)
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

R't Locomotiva (Kgf/Tf)
18.93
18.85
18.76
18.68
18.51
18.43
18.35
18.27
18.19
18.11
18.03
17.95
17.88
17.80
17.72
17.65
17.57
17.50
17.42
17.35
17.28
17.21
17.14
17.07
17.00
16.93
16.86
16.79
16.72
16.65
16.59
16.52
16.46
16.39
16.33
16.27
16.20
16.14
16.08
16.02
15.96
15.90
15.84
15.78
15.72
15.67
15.61
15.56
15.50
15.45
15.39
15.34
15.29
15.23
15.18
15.13
15.08
15.03
14.98
14.93
14.89
14.84
14.79
14.75
14.70
14.66
14.61
14.57
14.52
14.48
14.44
14.40
14.36
14.32
14.28
14.24
14.20
14.17
14.13
14.09
14.06
14.05
14.04
14.03
14.02
14.01
14.01
14.00
13.99
13.95
13.92
13.89
13.86
13.83
13.80
13.77
13.74
13.71
13.68
13.65
13.62
13.60
13.57
13.55
13.52
13.50
13.48
13.45
13.43
13.41
13.39
13.37
13.35

R'n Vagão A(Kgf/Tf)
5.161240826
5.11636482
5.071740353
5.027367424
4.939376184
4.895757872
4.852391098
4.809275864
4.766412169
4.723800012
4.681439394
4.639330315
4.597472775
4.555866773
4.514512311
4.473409387
4.432558002
4.391958156
4.351609848
4.31151308
4.27166785
4.23207416
4.192732008
4.153641394
4.11480232
4.076214785
4.037878788
3.99979433
3.961961411
3.924380031
3.887050189
3.849971887
3.813145123
3.776569898
3.740246212
3.704174065
3.668353456
3.632784387
3.597466856
3.562400864
3.527586411
3.493023497
3.458712121
3.424652285
3.390843987
3.357287228
3.323982008
3.290928326
3.258126184
3.22557558
3.193276515
3.161228989
3.129433002
3.097888554
3.066595644
3.035554273
3.004764441
2.974226148
2.943939394
2.913904179
2.884120502
2.854588364
2.825307765
2.796278705
2.767501184
2.738975201
2.710700758
2.682677853
2.654906487
2.62738666
2.600118371
2.573101622
2.546336411
2.519822739
2.493560606
2.467550012
2.441790956
2.41628344
2.391027462
2.366023023
2.341270123
2.335121201
2.328988
2.32287052
2.316768762
2.310682724
2.304612408
2.298557813
2.292518939
2.268520656
2.244773911
2.221278705
2.198035038
2.17504291
2.15230232
2.129813269
2.107575758
2.085589785
2.06385535
2.042372455
2.021141098
2.000161281
1.979433002
1.958956262
1.938731061
1.918757398
1.899035275
1.87956469
1.860345644
1.841378137
1.822662169
1.804197739
1.785984848

251

R'n Vagão B(Kgf/Tf)
5.928101326
5.885037879
5.842211174
5.799621212
5.715151515
5.67327178
5.631628788
5.590222538
5.54905303
5.508120265
5.467424242
5.426964962
5.386742424
5.346756629
5.307007576
5.267495265
5.228219697
5.189180871
5.150378788
5.111813447
5.073484848
5.035392992
4.997537879
4.959919508
4.922537879
4.885392992
4.848484848
4.811813447
4.775378788
4.739180871
4.703219697
4.667495265
4.632007576
4.596756629
4.561742424
4.526964962
4.492424242
4.458120265
4.42405303
4.390222538
4.356628788
4.32327178
4.290151515
4.257267992
4.224621212
4.192211174
4.160037879
4.128101326
4.096401515
4.064938447
4.033712121
4.002722538
3.971969697
3.941453598
3.911174242
3.881131629
3.851325758
3.821756629
3.792424242
3.763328598
3.734469697
3.705847538
3.677462121
3.649313447
3.621401515
3.593726326
3.566287879
3.539086174
3.512121212
3.485392992
3.458901515
3.43264678
3.406628788
3.380847538
3.35530303
3.329995265
3.304924242
3.280089962
3.255492424
3.231131629
3.207007576
3.201013554
3.195034328
3.189069898
3.183120265
3.177185429
3.171265388
3.165360144
3.159469697
3.136055871
3.112878788
3.089938447
3.067234848
3.044767992
3.022537879
3.000544508
2.978787879
2.957267992
2.935984848
2.914938447
2.894128788
2.873555871
2.853219697
2.833120265
2.813257576
2.793631629
2.774242424
2.755089962
2.736174242
2.717495265
2.69905303
2.680847538
2.662878788

Determinação da Velocidade de Equilíbrio
40.00

35.00

30.00

25.00

Esforço Trator (Tf)

Esforço Trator (Tf)
R't Locomotiva (Kgf/Tf)
R't Vagão A (Kgf/Tf)

20.00

R't Vagão B (Kgf/Tf)
R'c Locomotiva (Kgf/Tf)
R'r Locom. e Vagão (Kgf/Tf)

Velocidade de Equilíbrio=40,75 Km/h

R'n Locomotiva (Kgf/Tf)
R'n Vagão A(Kgf/Tf)
R'n Vagão B(Kgf/Tf)

15.00

10.00

5.00

0.00
0

20

40

60

80

Velocidade (Km/h)

100

120

140

R'c Vagão A e B (Kgf/Tf)
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778
1.777777778

R't Vagão A (Kgf/Tf)
16.9390186
16.8941426
16.84951813
16.8051452
16.71715396
16.67353565
16.63016888
16.58705364
16.54418995
16.50157779
16.45921717
16.41710809
16.37525055
16.33364455
16.29229009
16.25118716
16.21033578
16.16973593
16.12938763
16.08929086
16.04944563
16.00985194
15.97050979
15.93141917
15.8925801
15.85399256
15.81565657
15.77757211
15.73973919
15.70215781
15.66482797
15.62774966
15.5909229
15.55434768
15.51802399
15.48195184
15.44613123
15.41056216
15.37524463
15.34017864
15.30536419
15.27080127
15.2364899
15.20243006
15.16862176
15.13506501
15.10175979
15.0687061
15.03590396
15.00335336
14.97105429
14.93900677
14.90721078
14.87566633
14.84437342
14.81333205
14.78254222
14.75200393
14.72171717
14.69168196
14.66189828
14.63236614
14.60308554
14.57405648
14.54527896
14.51675298
14.48847854
14.46045563
14.43268426
14.40516444
14.37789615
14.3508794
14.32411419
14.29760052
14.27133838
14.24532779
14.21956873
14.19406122
14.16880524
14.1438008
14.1190479
14.11289898
14.10676578
14.1006483
14.09454654
14.0884605
14.08239019
14.07633559
14.07029672
14.04629843
14.02255169
13.99905648
13.97581282
13.95282069
13.9300801
13.90759105
13.88535354
13.86336756
13.84163313
13.82015023
13.79891888
13.77793906
13.75721078
13.73673404
13.71650884
13.69653518
13.67681305
13.65734247
13.63812342
13.61915591
13.60043995
13.58197552
13.56376263

R't Vagão B (Kgf/Tf)
17.7058791
17.66281566
17.61998895
17.57739899
17.49292929
17.45104956
17.40940657
17.36800032
17.32683081
17.28589804
17.24520202
17.20474274
17.1645202
17.12453441
17.08478535
17.04527304
17.00599747
16.96695865
16.92815657
16.88959122
16.85126263
16.81317077
16.77531566
16.73769729
16.70031566
16.66317077
16.62626263
16.58959122
16.55315657
16.51695865
16.48099747
16.44527304
16.40978535
16.37453441
16.3395202
16.30474274
16.27020202
16.23589804
16.20183081
16.16800032
16.13440657
16.10104956
16.06792929
16.03504577
16.00239899
15.96998895
15.93781566
15.9058791
15.87417929
15.84271622
15.8114899
15.78050032
15.74974747
15.71923138
15.68895202
15.65890941
15.62910354
15.59953441
15.57020202
15.54110638
15.51224747
15.48362532
15.4552399
15.42709122
15.39917929
15.3715041
15.34406566
15.31686395
15.28989899
15.26317077
15.23667929
15.21042456
15.18440657
15.15862532
15.13308081
15.10777304
15.08270202
15.05786774
15.0332702
15.00890941
14.98478535
14.97879133
14.97281211
14.96684768
14.96089804
14.95496321
14.94904317
14.94313792
14.93724747
14.91383365
14.89065657
14.86771622
14.84501263
14.82254577
14.80031566
14.77832229
14.75656566
14.73504577
14.71376263
14.69271622
14.67190657
14.65133365
14.63099747
14.61089804
14.59103535
14.57140941
14.5520202
14.53286774
14.51395202
14.49527304
14.47683081
14.45862532
14.44065657

Tabela de Eixos
Eixos tratores
6
6
4
4
4

Eixos não tratores
2
0
0
2
4