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Charvaka Philosophy, Indian Philosophy The Charvaka Philosophy believes that only those things that can be perceived is the ultimate reality.
The Charvaka way of life Metaphysics in Charvaka philosophy Theory of Knowledge in Charvaka philosophy Charvaka Philosophy is a fanatical effort made to rid the age of the weight of the past that was oppressing it. It is a system of Indian philosophy that adopted numerous forms of philosophical agnosticism and religious impassivity. The branch is also known as Lokayata philosophy, as is stated in the Rig Veda. Named after its founder, Carvaka, (also known as Charu or Brhaspati) author of the Barhaspatya-sutras, the Charvaka Philosophy is an atheistic, acquisitive and wild thought. It is also known as `Lokayata` because it admits the existence of this world (loka) alone. Materialist philosophers who are referred to as Charvakas are also known as Lokayatas or Laukayatikas, because they act like ordinary people. The name `Lokayata` can be found in Kautilya`s Arthasastra that refers to the three `anviksikis` or logical philosophies Yoga, Samkhya, and Lokayata. This very term was restricted to the school of the `Lokyatikas`. In 7th century, the philosopher Purandara had used the term `Charvaka` for the first time. The 8th century philosophers Kamalasila and Haribhadra had also used the same term.
3. Thought is also the function of matter. Sridhara`s Nyayakandali.2. Prabhachandra`s Nyayakumudachandra. According to the philosophy the ultimate principles are the four elements. It is only matter that is cognizable with the help of senses. It has also been found that the Brhaspatya Sutras were written during the reign of the Mauryas. Even consciousness says the Charvaka philosophy is produced after combining the four elements. water. For them religion is a foolish aberration and God is not necessary to account for the world. In fact they said that intelligence is also the modification of the four elements and intelligence is perished when the element from which it rises gets dissolved.35). 3.1. the Mahabharata.1. the same classification as is given to Buddhism and Jainism. it is a remarkable testimony of the materialistic movement within Hinduism. While this branch of Indian philosophy is not considered to be part of the six orthodox schools of Hinduism. air and fire.37.2. 53-54) and Vachaspati`s Bhamati (3. weakness and cowardice. The proponents of this school of thought believed that since sense perception is the only form of knowledge therefore in that case matter becomes the only reality. These elements according to them are eternal and can explain the development from a protozoan to a philosopher.53). Further research has proved that during the Mauryan period the Charvaka philosophy had grown out of generic skepticism but at the same time the exact date of Charvaka philosophy cannot be ascertained before the 6th century. Thus with an audacious dogmatism the Charvaka philosophy has swept the world clean of all its values and has put down belief in the Almighty as a symbol of mendaciousness. According to research by eminent scholars it has been found that Charvaka philosophy is co-eval with Buddhism and in 500 B. The Charvakas have emphasised that pleasure and pain are the central themes of life and it is not possible to separate life . Whatever is not perceivable is non-existent because of the simple reason that it cannot be perceived. Charvaka is classified as a "heterodox" (nastika) system. They believe that there is no world other than this.3. There exists neither hell nor heaven. The Charvaka Philosophy is called the Lokayata because the philosophy believes that only this world or the `lok` is the truth.2.15). Jayanta`s Nyayamanjari. certain amount of material is also contained in the Chhandogya Upanishad.C. it meant `scepticism`.3. Apart from the account of Charvaka philosophy found in the Rig Veda. 2.1. They believe that whatever is arrived by the means of direct perception is the ultimate truth. Vatsyayana`s Nyayabhasya (2. Shankara`s Sharirakabhasya (1. The four elements are earth. Udayana`s Nyayakusumanjali (1.In the outlines of Indian philosophy.
from all these. Hence. it can be concluded saying that the materialist philosophy had a lot to do with regard to the repudiation of old system of religion and custom of magic. As a result. Unlike the Upanishads the Charvaka or the materialist philosophy asserts the doctrines of uncontrolled-energy. Hence. According to them good deed is not much necessary to perform in one`s lifetime. or the world one dwells in . They have also claimed that virtue is nothing more than a delusion and enjoyment is the only reality. self-assertion and reckless disregard for authority. According to Charvakas. as one can never `see` atman. Hence.everything depends on perception and the realisation by the consciousness. everything is pivoted according to this principle. The Charvaka Philosophy is in fact a man`s return to his own spirit and rejection of all those which are external and foreign. and not in rebirth and past life. Charvakas believe in the perceived knowledge of the present life. as is instructed by the crafty priests. they refute most of the already-established rules in the context of Indian philosophy. It also says that nothing needs to be accepted by an individual which do not find its place in the way of reason. atman is not a separate entity. The basic thought of the Charvakas is to obtain worldly pleasure by making merry. Charvaka philosophy strictly believes in perception as the one source of valid knowledge. (Last Updated on : 28/12/2011) More Articles in Indian Philosophy Karma and Rebirth Brahman and Atma Theories of Creation Pantheism Mimamsa Darsana Charvaka Philosophy Origin of Religion Spirituality In Indian Philosophy Ajivika Religion in Indian Philosophy Ahimsa Advaita Monism Ajivika Philosophy Avyakta Atheism Shramana History Of Indian Philosophy Religious Influence on Indian Philosophy Indian Philosophical Texts Visistadvaita Theory . Charvakas believe not in the notion of stringent philosophy. The prime importance is laid on the likes and dislikes of humans. Hence. The Charvaka School of Thought believed that life is the end of life. It is consciousness that makes one grasps the reality of everything worldly. Metaphysics or the knowledge of being and knowing is also rigidly adhered with perception as the source of knowledge. the physical body. but in liberal beliefs. as there is no hell where one can be hurled. the mind.
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