1 ANTH3020 SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF LANDSCAPE 2011 Lecturer: Chris Tilley (c.tilley@ucl.ac.

uk) COURSE OUTLINE AND READING LIST Landscapes are never inert: people engage with them, re-work them, appropriate and contest them. They form a fundamental way in which identities are created and disputed. Criss-crossing between history and politics, social relations and cultural perceptions, landscape is a concept of ‘high tension’. It is also an area of study that blows apart the conventional boundaries between the disciplines. Landscapes form a subject of study for anthropologists, archaeologists, human geographers, art historians and historians and sociologists amongst others. COURSE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES Transcending traditional disciplinary boundaries the aim of this course is to try and understand and analyse both the ways in which people experience and engage with their material world in different times, different places, different contexts and the different theoretical approaches to such experiences. The course will introduce you to a broad range of empirical studies of landscapes providing the basis for a wide comparative understanding. It will relate an understanding of landscape to broader questions of anthropological theory and practice from the specific perspective of material culture studies. It will help to develop a critical awareness of the literature and research practices. TEACHING METHODS (1) There will be a lecture lasting for between one and two hours each week. This will normally be divided into two parts, the first part discussing theoretical perspectives and conceptual issues, the second introducing particular examples and case studies. This will take place on Tuesdays 2-4pm. (2) There will be a one hour seminar every week. This will take place in the Material Culture Room in the basement of the Anthropology Department on Wednesdsay 9-10, 10-11, 11-12 and 21-1. Sign-up forms for this will be given out at the first lecture. This seminar will focus on the ESSENTIAL readings listed below. Note these begin the 2nd week of term. The discussion will be led each week by at least four students. Attendance at these seminars is compulsory and the essential readings need to have been read by all students to form a basis for group discussion. You are expected to spend at least five hours reading for this course each week of the term. Attendance at these seminars will be monitored and students who fail to come on a regular basis will have failed the course. Reasons for absence must be emailed to me in advance. ASSESSMENT By Thursday 11th February (just before Reading Week) each student should hand in a draft proposal for their coursework essay on ONE side of A4 paper. This should include

ac. On the course page simply follow the link for electronic submission to submit your work. TWO hard copies should be handed in to the Departmental Office with the appropriate cover sheets. ESSAY SUBMISSION AND PLAGIARISM The deadline for handing in these essays is Tuesday May 4h (12 noon).ucl. you ought to be able to find and use a wide range of materials both from the course reading list and beyond it. Do not include photos or illustrations in the electronic copy. The topic may be taken from (I) the list of essay titles at the end of this course outline directly relating to the seminars and lectures OR (2) Relate to the other topics on this reading list not covered in classes OR (3) you may choose your own topic.ac. The essays should include reference to a wide range of literature going beyond the essential readings related to any one particular topic. an outline of what will be discussed and readings to be done. This should be a hard copy and NOT an email and should be left in my pigeonhole. which can be accessed via the internet at UCL or from home. Failure to submit paper copies will incur late submission penalties until a hard copy is handed in. If students are found to have failed to submit an electronic version they will receive no marks and will fail the course.g. This is your chance to be creative. describing and analyzing a landscape or place known to you.uk The electronic version will be scanned for evidence of plagiarism. In addition to two hard copies of your essay an electronic version of your essay needs to be submitted using the UCL Moodle system.2 the proposed title. The deadline for submission is the same for both the printed copies and the electronic copies. If you have any problems using moodle please contact anthmoodle-admin@ucl. The course is assessed by ONE 5. At this stage. The essays could be simply literature reviews or involve a bit of personal research or project work as well e. I will check this over to see if it is OK and discuss it with you individually if I do not think it is viable. The course code and name are the same as the ones on top of this reading list. using references in the literature.uk and use your user-id and password to access the course. Use it! Here are a few topics students have written essays on during the last couple of years Kew Gardens: A Phenomenological Perspective Sensory Dimensions of Brick Lane Waterloo Railway Station as a Place Camden Market Hampstead Heath Walking the South Bank Utopia and landscape . ESSAYS: WHAT IS EXPECTED Since this course is assessed entirely on the basis of one long essay more will obviously be required of you than for a normal or shorter coursework essay in a course that is also assessed on the basis of a written examination. Essential readings relating to a number of the individual course themes will be relevant to anything that you write and should be creatively used to structure your arguments. Go to http://moodle. Once you are enrolled on this course within the Dept of Anthropology you will automatically be enrolled on its corresponding module on AnthroMoodle.000 word essay (excluding references).

The readings should all be listed for this module (ANTH3020). If not check out ANTHC75 (the old course number) or ANTHC25. LIBRARIES In addition to the DMS Watson Science library books and journals relevant to all or some of the course themes are available from The Institute of Archaeology library. (5th floor) The Senate House Library.ucl. Malet Street The Bartlett School of Architecture Library The Anthropology Library at the British Museum The UCL Main Library SOAS library Developing research skills is in part about learning how to use library resources and in London we are fortunate enough to have many.3 The Angel of the North London Parks and Gardens Literary representations of Place The experience of train travel in England Highgate Cemetery Portobello Road Shopping in Selfridges The Berlin Wall Walking footpaths Wordsworth country Dwelling on a houseboat READINGS AND On-LINE READING LIST All the ESSENTIAL readings for this course (with a few exceptions because of copyright restrictions) are included in the on-line reading list set up for this course. Gordon Sq. A coach will be leaving Gordon Square at 9am and should arrive at Stonehenge around 11am. Go to: http://lstlss. The intention is to visit Stonehenge and other contemporary and later monuments in its vicinity and walk through this landscape. A week before each seminar I may also provide individual students presenting at the seminar with a hard copy of the reading they will be introducing and collect these back in after the seminar.uk/ to access the on-line reading list. Other readings are not available on-line. COURSE REQUIREMENTS Students taking this course should normally have completed the second year theory course ANTH2006 Introduction to Theoretical Perspectives in Anthropology and Material Culture FIELD TRIP A one day optional fieldtrip is planned to look at the Stonehenge landscape in Wiltshire on Saturday 12th March.ac. Because of .

(ed. (eds.) (2008) Handbook of Landscape Archaeology. M. (2005) For Space. and O’Hanlon. B. C. Heritage and Identity. T.) Understanding Ordinary Landscapes. D.) (1993) Landscape: Politics and Perspectives. The itinerary will be as follows: Winterbourne Stoke barrow Bronze Age barrow cemetery and Neolithic long barrow (lunch) Woodhenge and Durrington Walls henge monuments The Cursus Walk the path of the Avenue leading to Stonehenge Walk the perimeter of Stonehenge Return to London (arriving in London around 5pm) The total cost of this trip (which pays for the coach hire and driver) will be £12. Payment should be given to the Undergraduate Administrator in the Departmental Office no later than Wednesday 3 March. M.4 restrictions imposed by English Heritage it will not be possible to actually enter the stone circle but the main point of the trip anyway is to appreciate it in terms of its landscape setting. J.) (1995) The Anthropology of Landscape. The fee is non-refundable if you don’t turn up and the coach will not wait for anyone who is late. You will also need to bring your own packed lunch and drink. London: Routledge Groth. (eds. T. (2000) The Perception of the Environment. C. (1994) A Phenomenology of Landscape.) (1996) Senses of Place. You will need to wear suitable shoes/boots for wet and muddy conditions and bring suitable rain clothes. (eds. Movement. Exile and Place. Oxford: Oxford University Press Ingold. S. California: Left Coast Press Tilley.) Landscape. and Thomas.) (2001) Contested Landscapes. Special Double Issue of the Journal of Material Culture (Vol 11:1/2). B. London: Routledge David. E. and Bressi. P. Oxford: Berg Bender. (2006) (ed. Places on the coach are limited to ensure one book early. C. and Winer. Walnut Creek. K. (2010) Interpreting Landscapes. Oxford: Berg Feld. Massey. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press Hirsch. (ed. New Haven: Yale University Press Tilley. D. and Basso. Oxford: Berg Tilley. B. (eds. BIOGRAPHY AND CULTURE .) (1979) The Interpretation of Ordinary Landscapes. COURSE SYLLABUS AND READING LIST GENERAL READINGS The following books will be useful for most of the topics considered in this course Bender. CA: Left Coast Press WEEK ONE: LANDSCAPE. Oxford: Oxford University Press Meinig. (eds.

(1993) ‘Introduction: landscape. (1997) ‘Visual truth and the ethnographic project’ in N. Mabey (ed. (2001) Austerlitz: 181-198 Bender. Fay (1984) ‘Letter to Laura’ in R.meaning and action’ in B. (1988) ‘Ordering England’ in D. We will discuss this in relation to the manner in which novelists and journalists. V.) Second Nature. (2002) In the Metro. literary theorists. London: Reaktion Books BACKGROUND READINGS Trezise. pp. We will examine how this might be related to more abstract and distanciated accounts provided in the social and historical sciences. (1984) ‘In Stevenson’s Footsteps’. 9-56 3) Anthropology Auge.5 Landscapes are often related in a profound way to the personal biographies of individuals and groups. Matless Landscape and Englishness. M. J. K. British Arcghaeology (November/Decemember 91: 10-15 Weldon. Holmes. 1800-1990. In the lecture the example of Blackmore’s novel Lorna Doone will be examined in some detail and its impact on the representation of the Exmoor National Park in south-west England. Granta 10: 130-51 Sebald. topography: Heidegger and Hardy’ in J. Minneapolis: University of Minessoya Press Chapter 1 4) Human Geography Matless. Stanford: University of California Press. Guardian June 2: 4-6 2) Literary Criticism Hillis Miller. ESSENTIAL READINGS: 1) Novelists/Journalists These are brief extracts and enjoyable! Choose ONE of the following three readings: Naipaul. S. human geographers and anthropologists have expressed this in various ways. London: Jonathan Cape: 67-73. G. N. W. Bender (ed. (1987) The Enigma of Arrival.) Landscape: Politics and Perspectives. R. literature. B. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Denzin.) (1998) The Regional Novel in Britain and Ireland. Exeter: University of Exeter Press Snell. Denzin Intepretive Ethnography. (2000) The West Country as a Literary Invention: Putting Fiction in its Place. Oxford: Berg WEEK TWO: 'NATURE' AND 'CULTURE' . (1995) ‘ Philosophy. (1991) ‘Another country’. D. London: Sage Tevor Rowley (2006) ‘More of the age than the islands’. Hillis Miller Topographies. (ed. Penguin: 11-25 Kincaid Jamaica (1989) ‘Mariah’ New Yorker 26 June: 32-8 Coster.

K. Culture and Gender. Such issues have come to the fore in social theory during the past two decades. 84-111 Meinig. ESSENTIAL READINGS: Descola. In various ways this distinction has always been central to anthropological thought. This week we will . Oxford: Berg pp. Palsson (eds. London: Routledge pp.) (1980) Nature. and Urry. V. (2000) The Perception of the Environment. Oxford: Blackwell MacNaughton. Strang Uncommon Ground: Cultural Landscapes and Environmental Values. P. (1979) ‘The beholding eye. human action demanding an adaptive response. T.6 A distinction between 'nature' and 'culture' has been one of the key distinctions in modern thought. (ed.) (1996) Redefining Nature.) (1999) Discourses of the Environment. The roots of culture may be regarded as residing in nature. London: Routledge pp.) Nature and Society. more or less arbitrarily. 82-102 Milton. Oxford: Oxford University Press BACKGROUND READINGS: Strang. Braun (eds. Strathern (eds. Oxford: Blackwell pp. These lectures discuss ways in which recent thinking has challenged and attempted to overcome this binary opposition and address the question of what nature now means in our own culture. P. London: Routledge Darrier. (2001) '(Post)Colonialism and the production of nature' in N. (1997) 'In the eye of the beholder: readings of the country' in V. J. Thinking about nature has provided a primary means of defining what culture and society are. and M. Meinig (ed. (1996) 'Constructing natures: symbolic ecology and social practice' in P. In cultural ecological approaches nature has been regarded as shaping. London: Sage Ellen. and Fukui. K. E.) The Interpretation of Ordinary Landscapes. 129-146 Gregory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press WEEK THREE: PLACE AND SOCIAL IDENTITY Who are we? What binds us together and what makes us different from others? What is our past and where is our future? How do make a place for ourselves in the world? What are our traditions and how do we react to the new? How do we represent ourselves and what is important to us? These are all classic questions of social identity. or determining. Castree and B. D. D. R. (eds. Ten versions of the same scene’ in D. (2002) 'Protecting nature: science and the sacred' in K. Oxford: Berg MacCormack. (1998) Contested Natures. 199-215 Ingold. Alternatively. Milton Loving Nature. in symbolic and structuralist and post-structuralist approaches nature is often regarded as a kind of blank environmental slate on which people. impose their own cognized realities.) Social Nature: Theory. Descola and G. C. Practice and Politics. or alternatively nature is referred to as a cultural construction.

A. (1996) Social Identity.) (1997) Identity and Difference. J. (eds. ESSENTIAL READINGS: Appadurai. (1998) 'From theory to practice: experiencing the nation in everyday life'. Journal of Material Culture 3: 175-200 Urry. M. (1991) Imagined Communities. Hornborg and M. (1995) A Place in the World? Oxford: Open University Press Lovell.) Voices of the Land. Lund: Lund University Press Palmer. Cosgrove and V.) (1998) Locality and Belonging. (ed. London: Sage Jenkins. 60-89 Della Dora. Berkeley: University of California Press pp. movement. The first two Essential readings for this week and all the Background readings are theoretical. J. (1994) Cultural Identity and Global Process. (1995) Non-Places: Introduction to an Anthropology of Supermodernity: pp 16. histories and traditions. D. D. D.7 consider what social identity is and the manner in which places.) Questions of Cultural Identity. (1998) 'Identity and reflexivity on the periphery' in A. and Jess. Kurkiala (eds. V. N. (2009) ‘Domesticating high places: Mount Athos. M. Guss The Festive State. B. B. botanical garden of the virgin’ in D. things and representations serve to materialize or objectify identities in various ways. (2004) Place. London: Routledge Woodward. Landscapes are not just backdrops to human action. P. People both make them. Landscapes articulate people. della Dora (eds. 75-115 Guss. B. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press Augé. London: Verso Billig. London: I. A. P. pp. (1996) 'The production of locality' in A. London: Routledge Massey. (1991) Modernity and Self-Identity. Tauris. K (ed. (2005) For Space. Appadurai Modernity at Large. and du Gay. Oxford: Blackwell Massey. The second two readings consider two specific examples: identity in relation to an experience of being on the global periphery and in relation to the construction of ethnicity. R. and are made by them. A Short Introduction. (1995) Banal Nationalism. London: Sage Giddens. London: Sage Andersen. C. London: Sage Friedman. S. places. (2000) "Indianness" and the construction of ethnicity in the day of the monkey' in D. moral values and politics. (1995) Consuming Places. London: Sage WEEK FOUR: PHENOMENOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES TO LANDSCAPE This week we will look at the manner in which a consideration of landscape can inform an understanding of social identity and its construction from a phenomenological perspective.) (2009) High Places. London: Routledge Cresswell. 105-25 BACKGROUND READINGS: Karlsson. Cambridge: Polity Hall. T. .

) Senses of Place. Journal of Anthropological Research 59: 23-45 Richardson. (1984) 'Stalking with stories: names. Oxford: Blackwell Bender. (1982) 'Theoretical landscapes. Oxford: Berg Kelley. living: how animals and peoples make themselves at home in the world’ in T. Feld and K. and Francis. Oxford: Berg Chapter 1 Tilley. E. (1991) Tree Leaf Talk. Press Weiner. Tilley Metaphor and Material Culture. Ingold and J. T. C. Part I WEEK FIVE: CONTESTED LANDSCAPES AND THE LANDSCAPES OF STONEHENGE . On cross-cultural conceptions of knowledge' in D. Ingold The Perception of the Environment. (2004) The Materiality of Stone: Explorations in Landscape Phenomenology I.) Ways of Walking. H. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. (2008) ‘Feet following hooves’ in T. Basso (eds. School of American Research. S. (2004) ‘Memorious and forgetful landscapes’ Social Anthropology 12 (2): 135-51 Tilley. C. (1994) A Phenomenology of Landscape. London: Routledge Salmond.8 ESSENTIAL READINGS: Harrison. K. O'Hanlon (eds. Oxford: Berg. California: Left Coast Press (Chapter 1 and conclusions) Morphy. Play and Story. (ed. C. Low and D. K. New Mexico Basso. Oxford: Berg. (2003) ‘Shrines and the domestication of landscape’.) The Anthropology of Landscape.) (1993) Landscape: Politics and Perspectives. C.the.in. Prospect Heights: Waveland Press Gooch. H. Ingold The Perception of the Environment. C. (1995) 'Landscape and the reproduction of the ancestral past' in E.market versus being-in-the-plaza: material culture and the construction of social reality in Spanish America’ In S. P. Bruner (ed. Parkin (ed. (2008) Body and Image: Explorations in Landscape Phenomenology II. Oxford: Clarendon Press Ingold. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing BACKGROUND READINGS: Ingold.) Text. London: Routledge Mather. Lawrence-Zuniga The Anthropology of Space and Place. M. J. Hirsch and M. (1999) 'The beach in the sky' in C. places and moral narratives among the western Apache" in E. T. (1994) Navajo Sacred Places. Chapter 1 Casey. B. (2000) 'Building. Vergunst (eds. London: Academic Press Tilley.) Semantic Anthropology. (2000) 'The temporality of the landscape' in T. dwelling. (2003) ‘Being. A. (1996) 'How to get from space to place in a fairly short stretch of time: phenomenological prolegomena' in S. Oxford: Blackwell Tilley.

J. The flow of Aboriginal people and their remains through the space of New South Wales’ in N. K. (2004) ‘Archaeology in reverse. history and the construction of place: the politics of landscape in northern Australia’ in B. (1998) Stonehenge: Making Space. Exile and Place. pp. Oxford: Berg: Chapter 4. Eucmene 2 (2): 171-83 Byrne. Winer (eds. gardens do not necessarily passively reflect either personal values or relationships between people.) Landscape. They lie between 'culture' and 'nature' a theme discussed earlier in the course. ‘They never ask the people”. K.) Public Archaeology. Bender and M. London: Routledge Walker. and Fortmann.9 Landscapes are nearly always contested: they mean different things to different people and are bound up with ideological struggles. Burch and L.) Key Issues in Hunter-Gatherer Research. political economy: seascape and conflict in Jamaica’ in P. K. Oxford: Berg Heatherington. ESSENTIAL READINGS The first two readings specifically concern the contemporary politics of Stonehenge. (2000) New Age Travellers. T. Bender. They are material objectifications of ideas and values in which people present themselves to themselves and others. (1993) ‘Intersecting Belfast’ in B. pp. ecology. Oxford: Berg BACKGROUND READINGS Selwyn. (2004) ‘Sacred sites. Journal of Material Culture 9(3):237-61 Carrier. P. G. 333-36 WEEK SIX: GARDENS AND GARDENING For millions of people gardens constitute their most significant everyday landscapes. The other readings consider other cases of landscapes in contestation. (2001) ‘Landscapes of separation: relections on the symbolism of by-pass roads in Palestine’ in B. Oxford: Berg Morphy. Winer (eds. D. B. Strathern (eds. Native views about the Ninivak wilderness’ in E.) Contested Landscapes: Movement. London: Pluto Press Garner.) Landscape: Politics and Perspectives. R. Ellana (eds. 97-131 Blain. Memory and History: Anthroplogical Perspectives. J. (2003) ‘Whose landscape? A political ecology of the ‘exurban’ Sierra’. N. (1993) ‘Colonialism. (2003) ‘Biography.) Contested Landscapes. Stewart and A. L.) Landscape: Politics and Perspectives. Bender (ed. Oxford: Berg Jarman. However. A. Merriman (ed. They may represent in a material form both personal biographies and social relations. Bender (ed. (1995) ‘Uncanny Australia’. (2001) ‘Whose New Forest? Making place on the urban/rural fringe’ in B. Chapter 3: 70-90 Gelder. contested rites/rights’. Cultural Geographies 10: 469-91 Pratt. Bender and M. H. and Jacobs. and Wallis. They may form a part in actively constructing .

Tilley. (2006) ‘The sensory dimensions of gardening’. (2009) ‘What gardens mean’ in P. and Church. C. Dumbarton Oaks: Spacemaker Press Crouch. and Hester. Vannini (ed. Francis and R. place and action’ in M. Oxford: Blackwell Bhatti. M. (1995) ‘The garden as idea. (ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press Brown. pp. Landscape 28 (3): 40-47 . Cambridge. J. D.) Material Cultures. Tilley. London: Dorling Kindersley Chevalier (1998) 'From woollen carpet to grass carpet: bridging house and garden in an English suburb' in D. Home Cultures 5 (2): 219-49 Tilley.10 and creating these relationships. (1993) ‘Humphrey Repton and the improvement of the estate’ in S. New York: Peter Lang. Ma: MIT Press BACKGROUND READINGS Hitchings. C. and Ward. C. M. Journal of Material Culture 11 (3): 364-381. Miller (ed. 171-92 Ross. The Senses and Society Vol 1 (3): 311-330. (1999) The Pursuit of Paradise: A Social History of Gardens and Gardening. (1998) What Gardens Mean. Hester (eds. London: Harper Colllins Coinan. (2001) 'Cultivating natures: homes and gardens in late modernity". M. In the garden we may see concentrated an entire cluster of ideas and aspirations about the environment and a desirable way of living. London: UCL Press Grampp. This week we look at the meaning of gardens and gardening with a case study from Sweden based on my ongoing fieldwork.) (2007) Sacred Gardens and Landscapes: Ritual and Agency. (2008) ‘From the English cottage garden to the Swedish allotment: banal nationalism and the concept of the garden’. In other words they are as much about process and event as form and content. Bloomington: Indiana Univ Press Daniels. (1988) The Allotment: Its Landscape and Culture. The garden as a means to order and control nature has provided some of the root metaphors for western culture. (1985) 'Gardens for Californian living'. S. A. Casey Getting Back into Place. C. (2004) A History of Gardening. some conscious and declared others unconscious and unintended manifesting themselves as part of a practical logic of cultivation in which there may be as often as not a significant gap between what people say and do. Through gardens and the material practices of gardening gender. London: Faber and Faber Hobhouse. M. and in relation to the English tradition of landscape gardening.) The Meanings of Gardens. familial and community relationships may be reproduced or negotiated and transformed.) Material Culture and Technology in Everyday Life. E. (2006) ‘Expertise and inability: cultured materials and the reasons for some retreating lawns in London’. C. P.. Sociology 35 (2): 365-348 Francis. S. Daniels Fields of Vision. (1993) 'Building sites and cultivating places' in E. R. ESSENTIAL READINGS: Casey.

Cambridge. Hoelscher and K. ponds and pebbles: gardens and visual culture' in M. M. H. diasporas and migrations of people.es and recycling in Africa-American yard work’ in C. Adams. De Certeau. C.) Visual Anthropology. Oxford: Blackwell: Chapters 2 & 8 Davis. R.) Textures of Place. ESSENTIAL READINGS Soja. London: Adams. Time and Everyday Life. Cerny and S. (1990) City of Quartz. and Hester. M. New York: Harry N. (eds.) Recycled Re-Seen: Folk Art from the Global Scrap Heap.A. (1997) 'Pine.) The American Lawn. De Certeau The Practice of Everyday Life. Lefebvre Rythmanalysis: Space. Régulier (2004) ‘Attempt at the rhythmanalysis of Mediterranean cities’ in H. Berkeley: University of California Press Lefebvre. London: Faber and Faber Francis . There are three particular themes (i) the notion that we can talk about a post-modern urban landscape that is distinctively different. London: Journeyman Press Kaplan. AbramsCrouch. and C. Banks and H. and Ward. Morphy (eds. R. J. D. G. Seriff (eds. Cambridge.11 Gundaker.) The Meaning of Gardens. G. G. E. Francis and R. (1984) ‘Walking in the city’ in M. (1999) (ed. Mass: The MIT Press Hendry. (iii) the effects of globalization. (1998) ‘What goes around comes around: temporal cyc. Hester (eds. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota press . (1996) Thirdspace. (1975) 'Dooryard gardens and gardening in the Black community of Brushy. S. New York: Princeton Architectural Press Wilhelm. C. M. Chapter 4: Fortress L. Geographical Review 65: 73-92 For those who are interested other articles can be found in a new journal Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes and in the journal Landscape Research WEEK SEVEN: LANDSCAPES OF MODERNITY: THE URBAN LANDSCAPE This week we concentrate on urban landscapes and the manner in which they are lived and experienced. (1990) 'Social Meanings of residential gardens' in M. (ii) walking in the city and the phenomenological unmderstanding of urban spaces. New Haven: Yale University Press Grampp. M. Texas'. Till (eds. (1988) The Allotment: Its Landscape and Culture. (1973) 'Some psychological benefits of gardens'. Environment and Behaviour 5: 145-62 Teyssot.) (1990) The Meanings of Gardens. (1991) The Story of Gardening. Mass: The MIT Press Hoyles. P. New York: Vintage Books. The essential readings are concerned with the character of urban experiences and the manner in which can conceptualize these. (2002) ‘Peripatetic imagery and peripatetic sense of place’ in P.

) (date?) Theorizing the City. tourism and the heritage industries. (1989) The Dialectics of Seeing. Vol II: Living and Cooking. (1989) The Urban Experience.. (ed. M.) Thinking Space. History Chicago: University of Chicago Press Savage. I. L. M. and Mayol. M. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press Wolin.) The Anthropology of Space and Place. S. 2006 ‘Spatial cleansing: monumental vacuity and the idea of the west’. (1994) 'Living in a post-traditional society' in U. 2005 ‘Learning from Lagos’. (1998) The Practice of Everyday Life. Cambridge. M. N. London: Routledge Harvey. Beck.. London: Verso: Chapter 1 Harvey. M. J. Thrift (eds. Crang and N. (2001) Spaces of Capital. Urry The Tourist Gaze. A. Aesthetics. Journal of Material Culture 11: 127-49 Davis. Ma: MIT Press WEEK EIGHT: DIASPORIC LANDSCAPES OF MOVEMENT. T. Lawrence-Zuniga (eds. What do landscapes mean in exile? How do you make yourself at home in a place? What kinds of visions of landscapes and places are created by the interlinked tourism and heritage industries? How do peoples materialize history and tradition in the establishment of social identities through things? Is there a fundamental difference between ideas about history and the past between industrialized and small-scale societies? ESSENTIAL READINGS Giddens. A.) (2000) The City Cultures Reader. Giddens and S. (1989) ‘Experience and materialism in Benjamin’s Passagenwerk’ in G. HERITAGE AND TOURISM We will consider how place and landscape relate to a globalized world involving diasporas and flows of people across the globe connected with migration and displacement. Minneapolis: Univ of Minnesota Press: Chaps 3 and 4 Low. Giard. D. Cambridge: Polity Jameson. (2003) ‘A place in history: social and monumental time in a Cretan town’ in S. New Left Review 33:37-52 Herzfeldt. (1990) ‘Gazing on history’ in J. Oxford: Blackwell De Certeau. Lash Reflexive Modernization. (2002) Cities: Reimagining the Urban. Smith (ed. Edinburh: University of Edinburgh Press Buck Morss. (2006) Planet of Slums. Low and D. (eds. Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project. D. London: Routledge Niles. (1995) Postmodern Semiotics. M.12 BACKGROUND READINGS Gandy. Cambridge: Polity Herzfeld. M. M. London: Sage . A. (2000) ‘Walter Benjamin’s urban thought’ in M. P.) Benjamin: Philosophy. The New Urban Annthropology Reader. S. London: Verso Amin. Hall. Oxford:Blackell: Chapter 7 Gottdiener. F. (1991) Postmodernism Or The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. and Thrift. R. and Borden. Oxford: Blackwell Urry.

) (1989) Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism. M. European Reactions to Mass Tourism. London: Routledge 2) Heritage and the past Basu. pp. 72-103 BACKGROUND READINGS 1) Tourism Tilley. Winer (eds. B. Cultural Geographies 12: 123-50 Selwyn. Selwyn (ed. R. Exile and Place. (1979) ‘Underdevelopment and the development of the ‘natural’ park ideology’ Antipode 11: 16-25 Newmann. London: Routledge. J. C. Stone and J. Oxford: Berghahn Abink. Smith Archaeological Theory and the Politics of Cultural Heritage. Oxford: Blackwell Basu. Thomas (eds. Contesting archaeological governance in Australia’ in L. Stone and J.) Destruction and Conservation of Cultural Property pp. Oxford: Berg Ingold. London: Routledge Hall. Coleman and J. P. and Urry. (2001) ‘Cape Town’s District six and the archaeology of memory’ in R. 298-311 Smith. (ed. (ed. (2004) ‘The ‘death of archaeology’. Suri-tourist encounters in southern Ethiopia’. (1999) ‘Performing culture in the global village' in C..) (1996) Coping with Tourists. Waldren.) (2006) Touring Cultures. across and along’ in T. (2004) ‘Route mertaphors of ‘roots-tourism’ in the Scottish Highland diaspora’ in S. Social Anthropology 8: 1-27 Rojeck. K. C. (2001) ‘Hunting down home: reflections on homeland and the search for identity in the Scottish diaspora’ in B. London: John Wiley Abram. D. (2001) ‘The politics of the past: Emain Macha (Navan). S. (2005) ‘Macpherson country: genealogical identities. London: Routledge Basu. Northern Ireland’ in R.) Reframing Pilgrimage. Thomas (eds. (1995) ‘Ways of seeing Africa: Colonial recasting of African society and landscape in the Serengeti National Park.) Destruction and Conservation of Cultural Property pp. (2007) Highland Homecomings. J. 199-211 3) ‘Natural’ Parks Olwig. (1996) ‘Introduction’ in T. Ecumene 2 (2): 149-69 . P. London: Routledge Boissevain. (1992) Empty Meeting Grounds: The Tourist Papers.) The Tourist Image: Myth and MythMaking in Tourism. spatial histories and the Scottish diasporic clanscape’. pp. Eade (eds. Ingold Lines: A Brief History. J. Oxford: Berg Smith. T. P. P. Layton. L. V.13 Basu. (2000) ‘Tourism and its discontents. P. 174-94 Bender. Philadelphia: Univ of Pennsylvania Press MacCannell. T. J. (1997) Tourists and Tourism. D. Tilley Metaphor and Material Culture. Bender and M. Layton. (eds. (2007) ‘Up.) Contested Landscapes of Movement. P. and Macleod.

Cosgrove and S. Oxford: Berg Rackham. authorisations” in K. Lovell (ed. and Cloke. London. (2004) ‘Living history: trees and metaphors of identity in an English forest’. Journal of Material Culture 9 (1): 87-100 Jones. D. Oxford: Berg Daniels. Oxford: Berg TOPICS The following is a list of topics and references to themes related to the conceptualization of place and landscape not covered in the lectures or seminars which would also make suitable essay topics. (1996) Landscape and Memory. New York: Alfred Knopf: Part One Garner.) (1998) Migrants of Identity: Perceptions of Home in a World of Movement. D. P. Daniels (eds. J. (1999) ‘Momentos. Trees and Woodland: De Boeck. Hodgkin and S.) Locality and Belonging. Chapters 57 Rival. (2005) ‘Third nature: making space and time in the Great Limpopo conservation area’. Journal of Material Culture 4(3): 303-20 Cohen. K. F. (1998) The Social Life of Trees. (1999) Routes: Travel and Translation in the Late Twentieth Century. recognitions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press There are a number of popular works about ‘heritage’ trees. (2004) The Heritage Trees of Britain and Northern Ireland. London: UCl Press Feuchtwang. (2003) ‘Loss: transmissions. (eds. and Hastrup. Cultural Anthropology 20 (2): 157-8 4)Movement and exile Parkin. Cambridge: Harvard Univ Press Rappoport. Cambridge: Harvard University Press Olwig. O.) Regimes of Memory. London: Routledge Schama. K. D. A. (1998) ‘The rootedness of trees: Place as cultural and natural texture in rural southwest Congo” in N. London: Routledge Clifford. A. London: Phoenix Press. and Dawson. S. J. (1988) ‘The political iconography of woodland in later Georgian England’ in D. L. Constable . S. Radstone (eds. (1997) Global Diasporas: An Introduction.14 Hughes. R. (eds. and Rodger. J. London: Routledge Clifford. reality and human displacement’. O.) The Iconography of Landscape. See below and references in this book Stokes. (1997 Routes. (1986) The History of the Countryside. S.) (1997) Siting Culture. (2002) Tree Cultures. N.

S. J..) (1988) The Iconography of Landscape. (eds. (2006) ‘Materializing Stonehenge’ Journal of Material Culture 11 (1/2): 227-61 Thomas.. Ecumene 2 (4): 423-448 Fagone. Halle Inside Culture.) (1996) Art in Nature Tiberghen. D. (eds. New York: Museum of Modern Art Readings about the archaeology of the Stonehenge landscape: Parker-Pearson. Chicago: University of Chicago Press 2) On Landscape Art: Tilley. and Adams. G. D. C. (1998) What Gardens Mean. (1995) Land Art. Kemal and I. R. S. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 6(1): 35-62 Ross. (eds. W. Landscape and Culture in the Twentieth Century. (ed. earthworks and environmental art' in S. (1990) Stonehenge. S. K. Thomas Understanding the Neolithic.) Landscape. Bender (2000) ‘Art and the re-presentation of the past’.) (1997) Science and Stonehenge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Mitchell. London: English Heritage Walking in the City . (1999) ‘Regional sequences: the Stonehenge area’ in J. R. (1993) ‘Empty terrain: the vision of landscape in the residences of contemporary Americans’ in D. et al. R. London: Viking Ross. Gaskell (eds. M. (1994) Fragments from Antiquity. W. and Revill. Chapters 1 and 2 Bradley. Chicago: University of Chicago Press Halle. Oxford: Blackwell. B. (1993) 'Gardens. and Montague. and B. D.15 Landscape and landscape art 1) On landscape painting: Cosgrove. and Renfrew. London: Routledge Barrett. London: British Academy Richards. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Matless. London: Batsford Cleal. London: Art Data Goldsworthy. Hamilton. J. G. London: Routledge: Chapter 6 Cunliffe.) (1991) Denatured Visions. J. Natural Beauty and the Arts. V. and Daniels. S. (ed. C..) (1994) Landscape and Power.. New York: Abbeville press Wrede. A. (1994) Stone. Environments by Visionary Artistsa. Chicago: Univ of Chicago Press Beardsley. Walker. J. (2003) Gardens of Revelation. (1995) Stonehenge in its Landscape. S. (1998) The Significance of Monuments. (1995) ‘A solo ecology: the erratic art of Andy Goldsworthy’.

K. Thomas In Oceania. Body and Society 6. Vol 2: Living and Cooking. R. A. M. Critique of Anthropology 14 (1): 41-58 Borosky. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mankind 13 (4): 306-12 Norton. D. (eds. (1994) 'Colonial and counter-colonial discourse in Melanesia'. J. J. (1997) 'The inversion of tradition' in N. (2002) Materializing the Nation. (2006) ‘Fieldwork on foot’ in S. 4. T. (2001) Encompassing Others: The Magic of Modernity in Melanesia. E. Groth and T.) Locating the Field. London: Phaidon Tester. (ed. Collins (eds.) (1997) Narratives of Nation in the South Pacific. Cambridge. New Haven: Yale University Press Pred. See Chapter 4 ‘Footing about the city’ Clark. (1998) The Practice of Everyday Life. London: Routledege Lee. (1993) 'Culture and identity in the south pacific: a comparative analysis'. Berkeley: University of California Press Tonkinson. Oxford: Berg Ingold. N. AnnArbor: Michigan University Press Rodman. E.) (1992) History and Tradition in Melanesian Anthropology. N. 12-33 Buck-Morss.10. Man 28 (4): 741-59 Keesing.) (2008) Ways of Walking. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Tonkin. tradition and identity in Melanesia Jolly. (ed. Coleman and P. MA: MIT Press Baudelaire. Harvey. London: Harwood Academic Press Carrier.) (1994) The Flaneur. M. Harvey Spaces of Capital. See Chap. (1989) The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project. and Ingold. And Vergunst. J.) (1989) History and Ethnicity. Foster. M.16 De Certeau. (1984) 'Masters of tradition: customary land tenure and new forms of social inequality in a Vanuatu peasantry'. (1990) Lost Words and Lost Worlds: Modernity and the Language of Everyday Life in Late Nineteenth Century Stockholm. London: Routledge . (1987) Making Histories. London: Ashgate (Chapters 8. (eds.11) Land. J. (1997) ‘Visual landscapes of a streetcar suburb’ in P. (2000) ‘Botanizing on the asphalt? The complex life of cosmopolitan bodies’. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press Borchert. S. American Ethnologist 11: 61-80 Otto. N. (2001) ‘A view from Federal Hill’ in D. Bloomington: Indiana University Press: Chapters 4 and 5 Thomas. (1982) 'National identity and the problem of kastom in Vanuatu'. T. R.) Understanding Ordinary Landscapes. C. T. (1992) 'Custom and the way of the land: past and present in Vanuatu and Fiji'. and Thomas. (ed. R. Oceania 62 (4): 330-354. Durham: Duke University Press LiPuma. Bressi (eds. (1964) The Painter of Modern Life and Other Essays. R. R.

) Constructions of Race. (2005) ‘Places sensed. L. J. O’Hanlon (eds. (1991) Ancestral Connections Chapter 10. B. Barnes and J.. A. Howes (ed. Howes (ed. (2005) ‘Home cooking: Filipino women and geographies of the senses in Hong Kong’ in D. (1990) ‘Sweet colours. Hirsch and M. Classen (ed. J. Penrose (eds.) (2003) The Auditory Culture Reader. Oxford: Berg Maps and mapping Harley. Oxford: Berg Howes. .) The Anthropology of Landscape. Place and Nation. (eds. pp. American Ethnologist 18: 3-38 Morphy. A. Jackson and J. J. embodiment. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press Harrison. and Black. (1985) ‘How to read a map: remarks on the practical logic of navigation’. Y-F. S. (1997) ‘Finding the way: nabigating the Pacific’ in P.) The Book of Touch. The case of Coronation Hill’ in P. P. Oxford: Oxford University Press Bull.17 Sensuous landscapes These readings link in closely with phenomenological approaches to landscape Feld. H. Oxford: Berg Tuan. 231-247 Gell. P. Duncan (eds.) Writing Worlds. S. M. C. Oxford: Berg Classen. D. pp. Norwegian Archaeological Review 35 (1): 29-61 Law. (1995) ‘The language of the forest: landscape and phonological iconism in Umeda’ in E. (2005) ‘The pleasures of touch’ in C. fragrant songs: sensory models of the Andes and the Amazon. (2001) ‘Smoke rising from the villages of the dead: seasonal patterns of mood in a Papua New Guinea society’ Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 7: 257-74 Gell. (2005) ‘Skinscapes. Man 20 (2): 271-86 Worsley. (1989) The Taste of Ethnographic Things. (1993) The Power of Maps. D. American Ethnologist 17(4): 722-35 Stoller. (1993) ‘Shake im this country’: the mapping of the aboriginal sacred in Australia. senses placed: towards a sensuous epistemology of environments’ in D. 100-118 Wood. Oxford:Berg Goldhahn.) The Book of Touch. Classen (ed. L. Text and Metaphor in the Representation of Landscape. (1991) ‘Mapping reeds and reading maps: the politics of representation in Lake Titikaka’. London: Profile Books Jacobs. London: Routledge Orlove.) Empire of the Senses.) Empire of the Senses. Worsley Knowledges. culture and the environment’ in C. (1992) ‘Deconstructing the map’ in T. (1992) “Roaring rocks: an audio-visual perspective on hunter-gatherer engravings in northern Sweden and Scandinavia’. Discourse.

Ucko and R. Analyze the manner in which landscape and place are emplotted in two novels of your own choice 3.) Land in the Solomon Islands. 2. Larmour (ed. (1999) ‘Subverting the Western gaze: mapping alternative worlds’ in P.) The Archaeology and Anthropology of Landscape. What effect does human displacement have on the manner in which people construct a sense of identity in relation to landscape and place? (B) Relating to the topics not discussed in the lectures and seminars 1. Hirsch and M. To what extent is the ‘post-modern’ city a cultural reality/ Discuss with examples.18 Bender. 4. 7. Discuss 4. pp. Discuss the relationship between politics and place and landscape using specific examples 7. 6. Discuss the social and political significance of trees and woodland How does landscape art differ from gallery art? Discuss the prehistory and material culture of the Stonehenge landscape How does land relate to social identity in Melanesia? Discuss landscapes from a sensuous point of view Analyze the powers of different kinds of maps Discuss the lived experience of walking in the city (C) Make up your own question (see top of course outline) . P. people and paper in western Amazon’ in E.) The Anthropology of Landscape. place and personal identity 2. O’Hanlon (eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press ESSAY TITLES: (A) Relating to the topics discussed in the lectures and seminars: 1. Compare and contrast landscape gardens with vernacular gardens 8. 3. B. London: Routledge Larmour. 28-40 Gow. 9. P. Layton (eds. 5. How do heritage and tourism construct visions of landscapes? Discuss with reference to examples 10. (1995) ‘Land. ‘Nature’ and culture are contested concepts. What kind of research does a phenomenological approach to landscape inspire? 6. How is place related to the construction of identities? 5. Discuss the relationship between landscape. (1979) ‘Customary maps’ in P.