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Editing in ArcMap
Many times, the data that you need for your analysis will not be “ready-made” for you. In some cases, you might be the first person interested in some spatial feature that is found only in printed maps, or perhaps you are trying to determine how some “not yet built” feature might affect the landscape you are interested in. In these cases, you are likely to have to create your own features from scratch. Or, you might need to alter or add to already existing data that may not have been updated recently. If any of these are the case, you will need to be familiar with editing in ArcMap. This tutorial will walk you through the very basic skills you will need to proceed with editing in ArcMap. There are many ways to interact with data in the ArcMap Editing Environment, and this tutorial will introduce you to only the very simplest tools.
Sign Up for the GIS-L Listserv
The Yale University GIS-L Listserv is an internal University message system, devoted to GIS use and issues at Yale. The list is the primary source for updates on software and license server issues, data acquisitions and workshop announcements. All GIS users are encourages to sign up for the list. The GIS-L list is very lightly used, so that you will not be overwhelmed with messages that are not relevant to you. 1. In your Web Browser, Go To the Map Collection Website, at www.library.yale.edu/maps 2. Under the Quick Links section on the right,, Click on the “Sign up for the Yale GIS-L Mailing List” link to go to the GIS-L registration page. 3. Enter your Email Address and Choose a Password. Note: We suggest that you not select the Daily Digest feature. 4. Click on the Subscribe Button to finish. You should receive a confirmation email shortly afterward, with instruction on how to use the GIS-L list.
Getting Ready for the Tutorial:
1. Browse to the Map Collection website at: http://www.library.yale.edu/maps 2. Under QUICK LINKS, follow the “Download GIS Workshop Materials.” 3. Scroll down to the “Editing in ArcGIS” workshop materials for ArcGIS 9.2 and click on the Data link to download the materials. 4. Download the Data file to an initials folder (a folder with your initials as the folder name) in the C:\Temp\ folder of your harddrive. 5. Unzip the contents of the file to the initials folder.
The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street, Room 707
Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / firstname.lastname@example.org www.library.yale.edu/maps
Click OK to accept the imported Spatial Reference Properties. and open it by double-clicking. Leave the Feature Type as Point.Doc Page 2 of 8 Creating an Empty Shapefile 1. Right-click on the . 10. Click Add.\Data\Shapefile\ folder of the tutorial dataset. Browse into the resulting folder 09_Editing_in_ArcMap_Data and find the map document. 4.library. 2. Click OK to create the new shapefile.6_Editing_In_Arcgis. Click on the “Edit…” button. 9. browse to the . The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. New_Haven_Sanborn_Editing.edu www.mxd. 6. Click on the Import Button to browse to the . to open the Create New Shapefile Dialog Box.\Shapefile\ folder and select >New>Shapefile. Name the new shapefile Hydrants_New_Haven_1901.yale. Click on the ArcCatalog ArcCatalog.\Data\Shapefile\ folder and select the Wall_York_Grove_High_New_Haven_1901 shapefile. under the Spatial Reference Description to open the Spatial Reference Properties Dialog. Button to launch 3. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. 5. In the TreeView of ArcCatalog. 8.edu/maps . 11. 7. You will use the spatial reference from a shapefile in the tutorial dataset to reference this data.maples@yale.
In ArcCatalog. Return to ArcMap and use the Add Data Button to add the empty Hydrants_New_Haven_1901 shapefile to the map email@example.com/maps .edu www. 2. to open the Editor Toolbar. Select Short Integer as the Data Type. Click in the Data Type cell next to the new HYD_TYPE Field Name to activate the drop-down menu. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. Right-Click on the new Hydrants_New_Haven_1901 shapefile and open the Properties Dialog. 2. Make sure that the “Task:” is set to Create New Feature. Click in the first blank Field Name cell to place the cursor. Use the Zoom document & Pan Tools to focus on the upper right corner of the scanned map image in the map The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. Click OK to write the new field to the empty Hydrants_New_Haven_1901 shapefile. 4. 3. and the “Target:” is set to Hydrants_New_Haven_1901.6_Editing_In_Arcgis. Click on the Editor Toolbar Button convenient. 5. Name the field HYD_TYPE. 3. if necessary. Click on the Editor Button and select “Start Editing” to begin an editing session.Doc Page 3 of 8 Add Attribute Fields to Fire Hydrants Point Shapefile 1. 4. Dock the toolbar somewhere 5. Select the Fields Tab. Drawing Features in an Empty Shapefile The Editing Toolbar 1.yale.
Right-click on the layer in the Table of Contents and select “Zoom to Layer” to zoom to its extent. (Double Hydrant) symbol to place a point on it.edu/maps . 11. Place a value of 2 in the cell. Select the Sketch Tool from the Editor Toolbar and place the first vertex of the new polygon by clicking once on any of the four corners of the Print Shop footprint. 2. change the target layer to the Wall_York_Grove_High_New_Haven_1901 layer. Click on the D. Click on the Attributes Button to open the Editor Toolbars Attributes Window. 9. Click on the Sketch Tool Editor Toolbar to enable it. 3. since you have digitized a doublehydrant. Repeat Steps 5-9 for the remainder of the hydrants in the extent of the Wall_York_Grove_High_New_Haven_1901 layer.library.Doc Page 4 of 8 6. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. In the ”Target:” Dropdown on the Editor Toolbar. 10. on the 7. click Editor>Save Edits on the Editor Toolbar.yale. 8. Creating New Polygon Features Create Printshop at 351 York Street 1. When you have finished digitizing all 6 hydrants.maples@yale. Place the cursor in the Value cell for your HYD_TYPE field. 12.6_Editing_In_Arcgis.H. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. clockwise or counter-clockwise) by clicking once on each of the footprint corners. Place each subsequent vertices (moving sequentially.edu www. Save your work. until you have digitized points and edited the HYD_TYPE field for all of the hydrants (there are 6).
” 6. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. click once in the “orphan” feature to select it. Modifying. In the Main Menu. go to View>Bookmarks>250 Grove.edu/maps .library. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street.6_Editing_In_Arcgis. right-click anywhere in the map view and select “Finish Sketch. 7. 6. 8. 5. Right-click in the selected feature and select “Delete. Activate the Edit Tool . If you do not already have the Attributes Editor open.” 5.” 3. Select Editor>Save Edits on the Editor Toolbar to save the new feature and its attributes to the shapefile permanently. 4.edu www. Use the values shown to the right to fill in the attributes for the Print Shop. Using the Edit Tool.maples@yale. open it from the Attributes Button on the Editor Toolbar. Select Editor>Save Edits on the Editor Toolbar. 7. On the Editor Toolbar. Save Your Work. When you have placed the fourth corner vertex. change the “Task:” to “Modify Feature. Splitting & Merging Features Deleting 246 Grove Street 1.Doc Page 5 of 8 4. Note that there is a feature that does not correspond to a building footprint present in the reference image. Save your work.yale. 2. Deleting.
3.edu/maps . Close the Snapping Environment Panel.yale. right-click and select “Finish Sketch. When you have placed the second vertex of the line.library. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey.” 5. ArcMap has just “Split” the polygon into two features with identical attributes. 2. go to Editor>Snapping… to open the Snapping Environment Panel. 6. Use the Sketch Tool to create a new line that splits the feature between the two sections shown in the reference image. if it is not already open. Save your work. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. Use the Editor Tool to select the smaller of the two polygons that you just created. 9. 4.Doc Page 6 of 8 Split 250 Grove Street 1. Notice how the tool “sticks” to the lines and vertices of the feature as you come within the snapping tolerance of the line. Open the Attributes Panel.” Note that the drawing “flashes” a little bit when you do this. Activate the Editing Tool and use it to select the footprint polygon at 250 Grove Street. 11. 7. and change the values of the polygon as shown on above. Activate the Sketch Tool and hover it near the undigitized line in the footprint of 250 Grove Street. 12.6_Editing_In_Arcgis. 10.maples@yale. 8.edu www. Check all three checkboxes. Go to Editor>Save Edits. next to the Wall_York_Grove_High_New_Haven_1901 layer. On the Editor Toolbar. Change the Editing “Task:” to “Cut Polygon Features.
In the Main Menu.edu/maps . Close the Snapping Environment Panel. On the Editor Toolbar. Click-hold the vertex and drag it to the appropriate place (as shown at the right). 8.Doc Page 7 of 8 Modify 351 York Street 1.” 7.library. 11.maples@yale. 12. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey.6_Editing_In_Arcgis. Hover over the northwest vertex (shown as a red star in the image above) until the pointer changes to a four arrowed box. Click outside the feature to deselect it and apply the change. go to View>Bookmarks>351 York. Note that the digitized line at 351 York does not properly follow the footprint shown in the reference image. Right-click and select “Insert Vertex” to create a new vertex for this corner. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. next to the Wall_York_Grove_High_New_Haven_1901 layer. Save your work. Go to Editor>Save Edits. Place the cursor over the spot on the northern edge of the feature where there needs to be a new vertex (shown in the image above with a red star). Use the Editor Tool to select the feature at 351 York.yale. 3. 5. 10. Check all three checkboxes.edu www. 2. Change the Editor “Task:” to “Modify Feature. 9. go to Editor>Snapping… to open the Snapping Environment Panel. 6. 4.
4. select Editor>Merge.maples@yale. The two polygons will merge into one. Go to Editor>Save Edits. Change the Editor “Task:” to “Modify Feature. On the Main Menu. Hold down the shift key and select both polygons that make up the footprint of the building at 353-355 York Street.6_Editing_In_Arcgis. On the Editor Toolbar. You will be prompted to select the “feature with which other features will be merged. 2.yale.Doc Page 8 of 8 Merge 352-355 York Street 1. 7.edu/maps . Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey.” This means that the resulting feature will retain the Attributes of the feature you select.” and activate the Editor Tool. Note that when you select one of the feature names in the list. its corresponding polygon shape flashes in the map document.edu www. etc… will no longer be valid and should be recalculated. 6. go to View>Bookmarks>Office. Select the larger of the two polygons and click OK. if needed. 5.library. 3. perimeter. Note that we will not adjust the attributes in this case. but the field containing measurements of area. Save your work. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street.
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