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JEREMIAH xxxvi. 2224. " ow THE KI G SAT I THE WI TER-HOUSE I THE I TH MO TH : A D THERE WAS A FIRE O THE HEARTH BUR I G BEFORE HIM. A D IT CAME TO PASS, THAT WHE JEHUDI HAD READ THREE OR FOUR LEAVES, HE CUT IT WITH THE PE K IFE, A D CAST IT I TO THE FIRE THAT WAS O THE HEARTH, U TIL ALL THE ROLL WAS CO SUMED I THE FIRE THAT WAS O THE HEARTH. YET THEY WERE OT AFRAID, OR RE T THEIR GARME TS, EITHER THE Kl G, OR A Y OF HIS SERVA TS THAT HEARD ALL THESE WORDS." TO very many men, Holy Scripture and common life are as two separate worlds, which scarcely touch each other. They read God s word, or hear it ; it interests them from its simplicity of narrative, from its high tone, from its grandeur of thought ; and they admire it, and go away to their grovelling thoughts, their dishonest acts, their worldly maxims, as if these two things the life they see in God s word, and the life they themselves are leading were wholly separate and apart. And this great error espe cially besets the narratives of Holy Writ ; they are read by such persons, often with interest and admira tion ; but with no self-application whatever. Whether they concern the history of nations and politics, or a Alvcrstoke, 1845.
SEEM, ii.] The Burning of the Roll. 13 whether they concern persons and individual life, they look at them as histories or narratives belonging to another state of things from their every-day life ; and so they miss all, or nearly all, the instruction they
are intended to convey. ow, to overcome this de lusion, it is useful often to pause and see, by closer insight, wherein the Scriptural history does differ from the profane ; because, bearing this in mind, we shall better feel its true application to ourselves. Thus to treat, then, the part of sacred history which we have now reached, we should read concerning the state and prospects of the House of Judah at this time, some such account as this. The character and circumstances of the people were greatly changed from those of their forefathers, when they marched over Jordan into Canaan. Then they were a hardy, warlike race ; bred amongst the dangers and necessities of the wilderness; possessed with a strong belief of their being under the im mediate protection of Jehovah ; that He would make them strong in battle ; that He purposed to give them possession of this land. This impression ani mated them to great deeds; it pervaded them all. They wielded the sword of the Lord and of Joshua ; and under Him, they were bound together as one man ; one idea possessed them ; and so they were ir resistible. They broke like a flood upon the sensual and divided people of the land, and destroying them utterly, took possession of their country. For a con siderable period, the first stamp of national character remained clearly marked upon them. They had, in-
14 The Burning of the Roll. [SERM. deed, the occasional vicissitudes which usually befall a people of recent invaders. The jealousy of sur rounding tribes harassed and disturbed them ; but the old spirit was in them, and one chief after another appealed successfully to it, and led forth his zealots to battle and to conquest. The sword of the Lord and of Gideon waved with as proud a
triumph as that which had blessed of old the arms of Joshua. And this character wore slowly off: for the peculiar polity of the Israelites kept them long a hardy and agricultural people; preventing their engaging in commerce and merchandise, and by the continual subdivision of the land, preventing also all large accumulation of property. With these institutions, King Solomon first greatly interfered. His taste for splendour and magnificence led him to form mercantile relations with the great commercial mart of the then earth, and from Tyre wealth and luxury poured their full tide into Jeru salem. These produced their natural results. The old spirit, which had made them so united and so formid able, languished. Internal divisions followed; they became split into two peoples, and by mutual jealousy, and even war, provoked aggression from without. The rise, too, of the great Assyrian monarch threatened them; unwilling to submit to it from the remem brance of their old independence, and yet unable to resist its mighty armies, they provoked its peculiar animosity ; the storm gathered for years blacker and darker around them, until at last it broke in utter desolation, first on Samaria, and then on
ii.] The Burning of the Roll. 15 Jerusalem ; their kings were blinded, cast into dun geons and slain, and all their inhabitants carried captive into distant lands. ow here, brethren, would be the profane history of Israel and Judah ; and see how closely parallel it runs to all that we have recently been reading, and yet how utterly unlike to it it is. How perfectly true it is : and yet how utterly below the truth. o doubt there were all these external
instruments and signs of coming judgments : no doubt there were all these second causes ; for so the hand of outward circumstances moves ever forward on the dial-plate of time ; but there was a secret spring within ; a hidden cause ; of the unseen action of which, these outward, seen events were at once the consequence and the register. And the Scrip ture history is the exhibiting this cause with its effects ; like shewing to a child the wheels of the watch ; it is the baring the hand which was working all. It is the shewing God as directing, controlling, over-ruling everything, amidst the seem ing chaos of men s conflicting aims and passions. The Assyrian conquering, because the time of judg ment for those conquered nations was now fully come ; and Judah subject to his yoke, because she had re belled against her God. Herein, then, it is that Scripture history differs from worldly history and the common life around us; that in these, effects only are exhibited, and the working hand concealed ; in it the onty cause and working hand are made clear to view; and hence we may see how to profit from
1 6 The Burning of the Roll. [SEEM. its records ; not by thinking of them as something altogether separate from common life, but as what yields to us that informing principle which will ever give to common life its true significance and meaning. And now, to apply this principle to the particular page open before us, what is it that it teaches us? Surely these two great lessons. First, that when resistance grows into confirmed rebellion, then re jection is close beside the door : and secondly, when it is that rebellion is thus perfected and ripened. Each of these truths we may see here marked
in the history both of a nation and an individual. First, we may see rebellion turning into rejection. Thus in the case of Judah : long had that people now been tried ; their trial had run on through years, and exhausted all the varieties of moral dis cipline. So far from being cut off when they began transgressing, they were warned, threatened, and recalled by prophet after prophet, and message upon message. " I have hewed them," says God by the prophets ; " I have slain them by the words of My mouth : and thy judgments are as the light that goeth forth V They were punished by the sore infliction of ungodly princes ; they were aroused and quickened by the blessing of believing kings. Their least, their very last trial was but just concluded. Josiah s reformation was their final opportunity of averting judgment ; but they would not hearken : and so rebellion passed into rejection, and the fa voured people were removed out of God s sight. b Hos. vi. 5.
ii.] The Burning of the Roll. 17 The long withheld decree had at last gone forth, " Behold, I will bring upon Judah, and upon all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, all the evil that I have pronounced against them, because I have spoken unto them, but they have not heard ; and I have called unto them, but they have not answered." And that which was thus befalling the nation, happened also to the king. At the age of twentyfive he had ascended the throne of his father Josiah ; he succeeded to a holy man, and was the heir of a reformed kingdom. " But he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his father had done;" and yet for a season God bore
with him. It seemed as if he, too, like so many more, would go on even to the end, unmarked by any specialty of judgment ; but no, he had been tried to the utmost, and so the sentence went forth : " He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David : and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost." So spake the Prophet of the Lord; and as though his words had been gathered up by unseen ministers and blown in other lands, as trumpets calling to the spoil, there arose against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon ; and the godless monarch fell before them; and none lamented for the hardened sinner, no mothers in Israel wept aloud their "Ah Lord! Ah his glory!" " For he was buried with the burial of an ass, drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem." c
18 The Burning of the Roll. [SEEM. And if we may thus see, first, that rejection fol lowed hard upon wilful rebellion, we may see further what were the outward signs of the coming on of such a state; both in the nation and the king they were the same. They are briefly set down in the last chapter of the book of Chronicles. "He humbled not himself before Jeremiah the Prophet, speaking from the mouth of the Lord . . . but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the Lord God of Israel." Every disobedience, indeed, from the first, had been in Judah a rebellion against God; but there was a manifest progress in evil. Of old, when God sent a prophet to them they turned, for a time; when He cast them into afflic tion, they sought after Him for a season; God s
complaint against them was that their goodness was as the early dew; that their repentance was so shortlived was a prophecy of evil, but that they did repent at all was a proof they were not yet obdurate. ow through this state they had passed to that which lay beyond it. They did not turn to God but against Him, when His messages of judgment reached them. See how eminently this comes out in their making this act of the king, in cutting the roll and burning it, their own. It was an awful act in him : he was the son of that good king whose whole soul had been melted within him at the finding of the book of the Law, and hearing its righteous denunciations. This had been his train ing; from childhood, no doubt, he had been taught to tremble at that "Word ; and now, publicly, before
ii.] The Burning of the Roll. 19 the elders of the people, on a day of national fast ing, as the head of God s people, he rejects God s Word, he hates it, he cuts the roll wherein it is written, and burns it in the fire. Here then, brethren, the lesson is complete. Eebellion turns into rejection, and the outward mark of rebellion is the wilful rejection of the Word of God. Let us apply, then, to ourselves the truths which we have reached, for these things belong not to Judah and its king more than they do to our people and ourselves. And first for our people. There is judgment near to any people, when they not only sin, but harden themselves in sinning; when judgments do not bring them to repentance; when they begin to put away those who witness against sin ; when they remove old testimonies, in institu tions, or manners, or laws ; when they seem to put away Christ s Word and Christ s Church, as trouble
some, obsolete, or inexpedient, from affairs of polity, and government, and rule; then do they cut the roll and burn it. Brethren, are there any of these signs amongst us as a people. If you judge that there be, lift up your voice to God in earnest supplication for the remnant that are left; see that it is a time for greater prayer, and for greater labour than other times; that, haply, God may be entreated for our long-favoured land. And then turn to yourself. Are any of these signs on you ? Eemember what they are ; they are all those outc2
20 The Burning of the Roll. [SERM. ward appearances, which, as we have seen, mark that resistance to the will of God is establishing itself within you ; and they are such as these. When you can fall into sin without after -bitterness and brokenness of heart, when it is growing a light thing to you to transgress. For men s earlier sins are, for the most part, committed under strong temp tation, overbearing, for the time, their thought and fear of God s righteous will ; and they are followed by bitterness and heart-ache. Some sins especially leave the unhardened sinners, and specially after their first communion, in bitter confession and agony of soul; but as they sin on, and God s spirit leaves them, this becomes their course : first, they turn aside from the uncomfortable voice of conscience or rebuke, at first with more or less consciousness of
what they are doing, but soon unconsciously and without feeling ; then they are angered by any thing which forces the hated sense of sin upon their hardening conscience. They think God s mes senger, who brings it home to them, ill-mannered, illtimed, uusuited to their hearts; "Hast thou found me, oh mine enemy!" is their heart s secret decla ration. They think the voice of the Church too severe; her discipline, though at the weakest, in tolerable ; her institutions unfitted for their age ; they want to sin on in quiet, and not to be troubled by upbraidings. Their Bibles are closed, their church neglected, prayer hurried from or hurried over, medi tation unknown, serious thoughts feared and avoided. There is but one step more, and then, they hate
ii.] The Burning of the Roll. 21 not only God s messenger but God s message. He sends them the message of sickness and loss, they fly from it, if they can, to dissipation and the world, and if it overtake them there, as men caught in the net, they chafe and foam. He sends them the message of His secret word, spoken to their con sciences ; and they cut the roll and burn it, they openly reject it; and then is resistance hardened into rebellion, and rebellion borders on rejection, even as rejection borders upon hell : as it is in very deed ever the fearful beginning of that im potent self-stinging hatred to the will of God, which grows into " the worm which dieth not, and the fire which is not quenched." Brethren, I beseech you as in God s sight, I warn you as men about to be judged, try your hearts and lives upon these various counts : and if any of these signs of guiltiness are there, lose not one more precious day or hour, but now upon your
knees, as men upon the deep pit s very edge, win of God, by earnest supplication for the sake of Christ, the royal spirit of a deep contrition, the blessing inconceivable of brokenness of heart. And lastly, use in one other way the awful truth we have here set before us, use it earnestly, all ye who long to grow in grace. For surely the upward steps are one by one the opposites of those which lead to darkness and the pit, and up that golden ladder the true son of God is drawn to glory and a crown. The first step of such a course, that first measure of God s gift of faith, shews itself in the desire
22 The Burning of the Roll. [SERM.
to know and do the will of God. Until this is a settled point there is no true acting of the life of God within us: feelings, actions, decency, apparent self-sacrifice, all are vain, until this first gift of grace has been indeed bestowed upon us. But there is much, very much which is all-important to do beyond this. The Christian life begins in much weakness, much darkness, manifold perplexities ; but through them all may be heard the struggling of this voice, "Lord, what wilt Thou have me to do?" We know not yet much of God s will for us, we choose not all we know ; the old earth-scales, with their darkness, have not fallen from our eyes; but He has touched the heart, and already it vibrates under that new and all-pervading power: more we would know ; more we pray and seek to know ; and more we shall know. The longing to do that will, and to have it done in us, becomes, through His grace, more confirmed and more habitual with us ; as a fixed external law it does something day by
day to shape and fashion all the decrees, and acts, and purposes, which run together and make up our life. There is a continual growth in the knowledge of it : a livelier perception of its direction and require ments. A voice which the world hears not is guid ing and directing such a man; and blessed is he, far above all blessings of the earth. Stripped though he may be of the outer instruments of joy, and of the ministry of earthly love, racked in body and burdened in his spirit, a desolate, solitary, secret
ii.] The Burning of the Eoll. 23 mourner amongst them which laugh. Yet blessed is he ! for " blessed is the man whom Thou chastenest, Lord, and teachest him in Thy way;" and him the Spirit of the Lord is teaching. Brethren, let us indeed pray for that learning ; not to know all mysteries, not to be filled with joy and rapture ; but to be made, by Christ s power, like to Christ. To learn that true Son s prayer, " evertheless, not My will but Thine be done;" to have our heart and conscience made quick, sensitive, tender, to the sense of God s will ; that, as the rustling leaf, which any breath can stir, our inmost soul may answer to His lightest touch, and so we may approach that portal of our truest blessedness, the learning how to choose and do, for ever and entirely, the perfect will of the Almighty Lord.
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