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Cantilever Retaining Wall Design

Design Code ACI - 318 - 95 UBC - 97 ACI - 350 Material Properties fc' = 3000 psi fy = 60000 psi gconc gsoil gwater F ka kp m = = = = = = = 0.15 k/ft3 0.12 k/ft3 0.0624 k/ft3 30 0.33 3 0.5
o

8"

NABC = 3 k/ft2 (Net Allowable Bearing Capacity) 0 3

Structural Data
Wall Dimensions Length of Wall Total Height of Wall Wall Thk. At top Wall Thk. At Bottom Base Length Heel Length Toe Legth Base Thk. Clear Cover Wall Active Side Wall Passive Side Base Bottom Active Side Soil Height Water Level Surcharge (Dead) Surcharge (Live) Passive Side Soil Height Water Level Surcharge (Dead) = = = = 16 0 0 0 ft ft k/ft2 k/ft2 = = = = = = = = = = = 6 ft 5.5 ft 8 inch 8 inch 8 ft 3 ft ft 12 inch 2 inch 1.5 inch 2.5 inch WH1 WH2 5 0

Design Summary F.O.S. (Sliding) e =

1.07 r 1.55 a a r

F.O.S. (Over Turning) = q(max) q(min) = = 2.10 ksf -0.34 ksf

1.85 ft passive side r

= = =

3.5 ft 2 ft 0 k/ft2

Stability Analysis Sliding


Weight (Self Weight + Weight of Soil on Base) Self Weight = Weight of Stem + Weight of Base = 0.45 + 1.20 Soil Weight = Soil on Heel + Soil on Toe = Sliding Forces Active Soil Pressure Water Pressure Active Surcharge
2 2 = (gsoil*ka*hs /2) - (gwater*ka*hw /2) = 2 = gwater*hw /2 = = [Sur.(Dead)+Sur.(Live)]*ka*hs =

= =

1.65 kip/ft 5.40 kip/ft 7.05 kip/ft 5.12 kip/ft 0.00 kip/ft 0.00 kip/ft 5.12 kip/ft

5.40

0.00

Resisting Forces 2 2 Passive Soil Pressure = (gsoil*kp*hs /2) - (gwater*kp*hw /2) = 2 Water Pressure = gwater*hw /2 = Passive Surcharge = Sur.(Dead)*kp*hs = m*W Friction = =

1.83 kip/ft 0.12 kip/ft 0.00 kip/ft 3.53 kip/ft 5.48 kip/ft

F.O.S (sliding)

= =

S (Resisting Forces) S (Sliding Forces) 1.07

Over Turning
Over Turning Moment 3 3 Active Soil Pressure = (gsoil*ka*hs /6) - (gwater*ka*hw /6) = 3 Water Pressure = gwater*hw /6 = 2 [Sur. +Sur. ]*ka*hs /2 Active Surcharge = = (Dead) (Live) Resisting Moment 3 3 Passive Soil Pressure = (gsoil*kp*hs /6) - (gwater*kp*hw /6) = 3 Water Pressure = gwater*hw /6 = 2 Sur. *kp(hs /2 Passive Surcharge = = (Dead) Self Weight Soil Weight = Self Weight * Moment Arm = Soil Weight * Moment Arm = = 27.31 kip-ft/ft 0.00 kip-ft/ft 0.00 kip-ft/ft 27.31 kip-ft/ft 2.32 kip-ft/ft 0.08 kip-ft/ft 0.00 kip-ft/ft 4.95 kip-ft/ft 35.10 kip-ft/ft 42.46 kip-ft/ft

F.O.S (over turning)

= =

S (Resisting Moments) S (Sliding Moments) 1.55

Eccentriciti e
= = B + S Moments 2 W 1.85 ft towards passive side

e Bearing
q(max)

> B/6 (Base dimensions should be adjusted)

= W * (1 + 6*e ) B B = 2.10 ksf

q(min)

= W * (1 - 6*e ) B B = -0.34 ksf

q(max) q(min)

< NABC (Safe in Bearing) < Zero (Tension in Soil, Base Dimension need to be adjusted)

Design Stem Design


Shear Shear Force = Conservatively taking shear at face of support rather than at " d " Shear Forces Active Soil Pressure Water Pressure Active Surcharge Vu = 1.7 * 4.49

= (gsoil*ka*(hs-Bt) /2) - (gwater*ka*(hw-Bt) /2) = = gwater*hw /2 = [Sur.(Dead)+Sur.(Live)]*ka*hs =


2

4.49 kip/ft 0.00 kip/ft 0.00 kip/ft 4.49 kip/ft

= =

Flexure Active Face of Wall (cantilever action) 3 3 Active Soil Pressure = 1.7*(gsoil*ka*hs /6) - 1.7*(gwater*ka*hw /6) = 3 Water Pressure = 1.7*gwater*hw /6 = 2 Active Surcharge = [1.4*Sur.(Dead)+1.7*Sur.(Live)]*hs /2 = fc' fy d r As As = = 3000 psi 60000 psi

46.42 kip-ft/ft 0.00 kip-ft/ft 0.00 kip-ft/ft 46.42 kip-ft/ft

= 5.6875 inch = #NUM! 2 = #NUM! in /ft 2 = 0.1728 in /ft

(Flexure requirement) (Shrinnkage & Temperature requirement) use # 5 #NUM!


#NUM!

Design Toe Design


Flexure Active Face of Wall (cantilever action) 3 3 Active Soil Pressure = 1.7*(gsoil*ka*hs /6) - 1.7*(gwater*ka*hw /6) = 3 Water Pressure = 1.7*gwater*hw /6 = 2 Active Surcharge = [1.4*Sur.(Dead)+1.7*Sur.(Live)]*hs /2 = fc' fy d r = = = 3000 psi 60000 psi 5.6875 inch (Flexure requirement) (Shrinnkage & Temperature requirement) use # 3 #NUM!
#NUM!

46.42 kip-ft/ft 0.00 kip-ft/ft 0.00 kip-ft/ft 46.42 kip-ft/ft

= #NUM!

2 As = #NUM! in /ft 2 As = 0.1728 in /ft

Heel top face Active Soil Pressure

= Conservatively Taking Maximum of Wall Moment and Soil weight moment as design moment =
2 = 1.7*(gsoil*hsnet*heel /2) 2 = [1.4*Sur.(Dead)+1.7*Sur.(Live)]*heel /2 2 = 1.4*(gconc*tbase*heel /2)

Wall Moment Soil Wt Moment Sur. Wt Moment Base Wt Moment

= = = =

46.42 kip-ft/ft 13.77 kip-ft/ft 0.00 kip-ft/ft 0.95 kip-ft/ft 14.72 kip-ft/ft 46.42 kip-ft/ft

Design Moment fc' fy d r = = = = 3000 psi 60000 psi 9.5 inch #REF! #REF! in /ft 2 0.2592 in /ft
2

As = As =

(Flexure requirement) (Shrinnkage & Temperature requirement) use # 5 #REF!


#NUM!

Design Toe Design


Flexure Active Face of Wall (cantilever action) 3 3 Active Soil Pressure = 1.7*(gsoil*ka*hs /6) - 1.7*(gwater*ka*hw /6) = 3 Water Pressure = 1.7*gwater*hw /6 = 2 Active Surcharge = [1.4*Sur.(Dead)+1.7*Sur.(Live)]*hs /2 = fc' fy d r = = = 3000 psi 60000 psi 5.6875 inch (Flexure requirement) (Shrinnkage & Temperature requirement) use # 5 #NUM!
#NUM!

46.42 kip-ft/ft 0.00 kip-ft/ft 0.00 kip-ft/ft 46.42 kip-ft/ft

= #NUM!

2 As = #NUM! in /ft 2 As = 0.1728 in /ft

Heel top face Active Soil Pressure

= Conservatively Taking Maximum of Wall Moment and Soil weight moment as design moment =
2 = 1.7*(gsoil*hsnet*heel /2) 2 = [1.4*Sur.(Dead)+1.7*Sur.(Live)]*heel /2 2 = 1.4*(gconc*tbase*heel /2)

Wall Moment Soil Wt Moment Sur. Wt Moment Base Wt Moment

= = = =

46.42 kip-ft/ft 13.77 kip-ft/ft 0.00 kip-ft/ft 0.95 kip-ft/ft 14.72 kip-ft/ft 46.42 kip-ft/ft

Design Moment fc' fy d r = = = = 3000 psi 60000 psi 9.5 inch #REF! #REF! in /ft 2 0.2592 in /ft
2

As = As =

(Flexure requirement) (Shrinnkage & Temperature requirement) use # 5 #REF!


#NUM!