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Presentation of Key Findings from a National Survey on Immigration April 10, 2013 #13082 Bill
Presentation of Key Findings from
a National Survey on Immigration
April 10, 2013
#13082
Bill McInturff
Floyd Ciruli
Elizabeth Harrington
10, 2013 #13082 Bill McInturff Floyd Ciruli Elizabeth Harrington V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION

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Methodology National Telephone Survey: • 700 registered voters • March 23-27, 2013 • Margin of
Methodology
National Telephone Survey:
• 700 registered voters
• March 23-27, 2013
• Margin of error = +3.7%
registered voters • March 23-27, 2013 • Margin of error = +3.7% V ERNON K. K
registered voters • March 23-27, 2013 • Margin of error = +3.7% V ERNON K. K

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Immigration Reform
Immigration
Reform
Immigration Reform V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A PRIL 2013 3
Immigration Reform V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A PRIL 2013 3

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Immigration reform is a high priority for a plurality of voters. Level of Priority of
Immigration reform is a high priority for a plurality
of voters.
Level of Priority of Immigration Reform by Party
Very High/High
Medium
Low
All Voters
While Congress is debating several important issues dealing with the federal budget and deficit, there is also significant debate on
immigration reform. Thinking about all of the issues that Congress is facing, how high a priority should fixing our immigration system be
compared with all the other issues?
fixing our immigration system be compared with all the other issues? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE
fixing our immigration system be compared with all the other issues? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE

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It is clear that Americans’ attitudes have shifted to be much more positive over time
It is clear that Americans’ attitudes have shifted to be much more
positive over time when it comes to the perceived impact of
immigration on the United States.
Impact of Immigration on the U.S.
-28%
-13%
-16%
-2%
+8%
64%
52%
53%
48%
45%
43%
39%
40%
36%
37%
November 2006
December 2007*
May 5-11, 2010*
May 20-23, 2010*
March 2013
Helps More Than Hurts
Hurts More Than Helps
*Trend data from NBC-Wall Street Journal polls
Would you say that immigration helps the United States more than it hurts it, or hurts the United States more than it helps it?
than it hurts it, or hurts the United States more than it helps it? V ERNON
than it hurts it, or hurts the United States more than it helps it? V ERNON

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A majority of Americans believe that illegal immigrants are here in the U.S. to make
A majority of Americans believe that illegal immigrants
are here in the U.S. to make a better life for themselves
and their families.
Top One or Two Reasons Voters Say Most Illegal Immigrants are in the U.S.
Would you say that most illegal immigrants currently here in the United States are…
Trying to make a better life for their family
58%
Hard working people
33%
Taking advantage of our welfare, health, and
education systems
33%
Taking jobs away from American workers
19%
The next generation of the American dream
10%
Criminals escaping their own country
5%
Please tell me the one or two statements you agree with most. Would you say that most illegal immigrants are currently here in the
United States to…
illegal immigrants are currently here in the United States to… V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F
illegal immigrants are currently here in the United States to… V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F

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We tested eight immigration reform goals for Congress. Americans place the highest priority on the
We tested eight immigration reform goals for Congress.
Americans place the highest priority on the following three goals
for Congress in reforming the immigration system today:
Importance of Immigration Goals (0-10 Scale)
Mean Score
% 8-10
Make sure all immigrants pay taxes
8.9
82%
Pass a long-term solution that fixes
the immigration problem once and
for all
8.0
68%
Come up with an immigration
reform plan that can be supported
by both Republicans and Democrats
7.9
65%
Now, I am going to mention some possible goals that Congress might have for reforming the immigration system. For each goal, please
indicate how high a priority you feel it should be. Use a scale from zero to ten, on which a “ten” means it should be the single most
important goal, a “zero” means it should not be an important goal, and “five” is in the middle. You many use any number from one to ten.
“five” is in the middle. You many use any number from one to ten. V ERNON
“five” is in the middle. You many use any number from one to ten. V ERNON

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Guest Worker Program
Guest Worker
Program
Guest Worker Program V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A PRIL 2013 8
Guest Worker Program V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A PRIL 2013 8

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Roughly seven out of ten voters say they favor Congress establishing a guest worker program
Roughly seven out of ten voters say they favor Congress establishing
a guest worker program that would give work permits to people
who are already in the U.S. illegally if they pass a background check
and have a job.
Strongly Favor
Do you favor or oppose
Congress establishing a
guest worker program that
would give work permits
35%
Total Favor
69%
to people who are already
Total Oppose
in the U.S. illegally, who
pass a security background
31%
Strongly Oppose
check, and have a job?
19%
background 31% Strongly Oppose check, and have a job? 19% V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F
background 31% Strongly Oppose check, and have a job? 19% V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F

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Voters agree that a guest worker program is the best way to get control of
Voters agree that a guest worker program is the best
way to get control of our borders.
“The best way to get
Total Agree
control of our border
is to have a system
71%
for handling guest
workers. Without a
Total Disagree
guest worker
program, we are just
inviting more illegal
26%
border crossings.”
we are just inviting more illegal 26% border crossings.” V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION
we are just inviting more illegal 26% border crossings.” V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION

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We tested six specific components of a proposal to establish a guest worker program. Majorities
We tested six specific components of a proposal to establish a
guest worker program. Majorities of voters favor each
component we tested.
Guest Worker Program Components
% Favor
% Oppose
Guest workers would have to pass a security background
check and have a job.
90%
9%
Guest workers would receive a work permit smart card
that includes a photograph of the worker, employment
information, and biometric data such as fingerprints.
85%
14%
Guest workers would be able to renew their work permit
83%
16%
without leaving the U.S.
The work permit smart card would be for a set period of
time and have an expiration date.
81%
16%
This program is a way for non-citizens to legally live and
work in the U.S. and provides no special treatment or
advantage toward citizenship, which is a completely
separate process.
76%
21%
Guest workers would be able to switch employers without
59%
40%
having to reapply for a new work permit.
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And when asked overall as one proposal, nearly eight out of ten voters favor establishing
And when asked overall as one proposal, nearly eight out of ten
voters favor establishing this six part guest worker program.
Now, having heard all
Total Favor
six different parts of
this guest worker
79%
program, overall,
would you favor or
Total Oppose
oppose the
establishment of this
19%
guest worker program
in its entirety?
establishment of this 19% guest worker program in its entirety? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F
establishment of this 19% guest worker program in its entirety? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F

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Voters in all regions of the country favor the guest worker program. Support is highest
Voters in all regions of the country favor the guest worker
program. Support is highest in the South and in Border States.
Favor/Oppose Six Part Guest Worker Program by Region/Border States
+48%
+63%
+67%
+61%
+70%
+58%
83%
83%
80%
79%
78%
73%
25%
17%
16%
18%
20%
13%
Northeast
Midwest
South
West
Border States
Not Border States
(21%)
(22%)
(34%)
(23%)
(20%)
(80%)
Favor
Oppose
Now, having heard all six different parts of this guest worker program, overall, would you favor or oppose the establishment of this guest
worker program in its entirety?
the establishment of this guest worker program in its entirety? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F
the establishment of this guest worker program in its entirety? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F

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While support for this program is high among all ethnic groups, it is highest among
While support for this program is high among all ethnic
groups, it is highest among Hispanics/Latinos.
Favor/Oppose Six Part Guest Worker Program by Ethnicity
+57%
+70%
+75%
85%
87%
77%
20%
15%
12%
Whites
African Americans
Hispanics/Latinos
(74%)
(12%)
(10%)
Favor
Oppose
Now, having heard all six different parts of this guest worker program, overall, would you favor or oppose the establishment of this guest
worker program in its entirety?
the establishment of this guest worker program in its entirety? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F
the establishment of this guest worker program in its entirety? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F

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Looking more closely at one part of the six part proposal: A guest worker program
Looking more closely at one part of the six part proposal: A guest
worker program needs to be a separate process from citizenship.
This is acceptable and supported across party.
This program is a way for non-citizens to legally live and work in the
U.S. and provides no special treatment or advantage toward
citizenship, which is a completely separate process.
Favor
Oppose
All Voters
which is a completely separate process. Favor Oppose All Voters V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F
which is a completely separate process. Favor Oppose All Voters V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F

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Supporting this finding, the largest difference of opinion by party happens in the discussion of
Supporting this finding, the largest difference of opinion
by party happens in the discussion of citizenship.
Importance of Immigration Goals (0-10 Scale)
Mean Score
% 8-10
Ensure that
All
immigrants who came
to the U.S. illegally
Voters
have the opportunity
to eventually become
legal American
citizens if they choose
Now, I am going to mention some possible goals that Congress might have for reforming the immigration system. For each goal, please
indicate how high a priority you feel it should be. Use a scale from zero to ten, on which a “ten” means it should be the single most
important goal, a “zero” means it should not be an important goal, and “five” is in the middle. You many use any number from one to ten.
is in the middle. You many use any number from one to ten. V ERNON K.
is in the middle. You many use any number from one to ten. V ERNON K.

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We tested some additional possible parts of a guest worker program: Additional POSSIBLE Guest Worker
We tested some additional possible parts of a guest
worker program:
Additional POSSIBLE Guest Worker Program
Components
More
Less
No
Favorable
Favorable
Difference
The types of jobs available to guest workers
would be determined by employers, not by the
federal government.
58%
14%
26%
The guest worker program could be used for all
employment sectors and types, ranging from
49%
15%
35%
manual labor or farming to engineering or hi-
tech jobs.
The spouse and children of guest workers
would be able to come to the U.S. to join the
43%
33%
23%
worker.
Parents, brothers, and sisters of guest workers
would be able to come to the U.S. to join the
21%
57%
22%
worker.
Now, I would like to get your reaction to some additional possible parts of the guest worker program. For each one, please tell me whether
this gives you a more favorable opinion of the program, a less favorable opinion of the program, or if it makes no difference about how you
feel about the program one way or the other.
about how you feel about the program one way or the other. V ERNON K. K
about how you feel about the program one way or the other. V ERNON K. K

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When specifically asked about the number of guest worker permits made available, the majority of
When specifically asked about the number of guest worker
permits made available, the majority of voters want employer
demand and need to be the determining factor, not the federal
government setting quotas.
Do you think the number of guest
Federal
worker permits made available and
distributed to non-citizens should be
Government
determined by…
27%
The federal government setting
quotas on the number of jobs that
can be filled by guest workers
Employer
Demand
…or…
Employer demand and need of guest
workers to fill jobs that cannot be
filled by American workers
65%
workers to fill jobs that cannot be filled by American workers 65% V ERNON K. K
workers to fill jobs that cannot be filled by American workers 65% V ERNON K. K

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This point of view that a guest worker program should be driven by employer demand
This point of view that a guest worker program should be driven by
employer demand not by government quota is supported by some
surprising audiences:
Employer
Federal
Net Difference
Demand
Government
Strong
Democrats
Union
Household
Obama Voters
Liberals
Strong Democrats Union Household Obama Voters Liberals V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A
Strong Democrats Union Household Obama Voters Liberals V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A

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Testing Arguments For/Against Guest Worker Program
Testing Arguments
For/Against Guest Worker
Program
Testing Arguments For/Against Guest Worker Program V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A PRIL
Testing Arguments For/Against Guest Worker Program V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A PRIL

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Top Support Arguments Very Convincing Total Convincing It is unacceptable to have twelve million immigrants
Top Support Arguments
Very Convincing
Total Convincing
It is unacceptable to have twelve
million immigrants in our country who
are currently outside the system. This
program would require illegal
immigrants to register for legal work
52%
83%
status and pay their taxes.
We must be smart and tough to get
our immigration system under control.
We must require illegal immigrants to
register for legal work status, pay their
taxes, and pass security background
50%
84%
checks to remain in this country. This
program would do just that.
checks to remain in this country. This program would do just that. V ERNON K. K
checks to remain in this country. This program would do just that. V ERNON K. K

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Top Oppose Arguments Very Convincing Total Convincing This program would allow the millions of illegal
Top Oppose Arguments
Very Convincing
Total Convincing
This program would allow the millions
of illegal immigrants to stay in this
country and bring millions more over
by allowing their families to join them.
This would mean higher costs for us
32%
58%
because it would mean greater use of
taxpayer services like our schools and
hospitals.
This program would leave the decision
about who enters the country to
private companies and large
corporations who are more interested
in hiring cheap labor than protecting
our citizens. We cannot allow that to
happen.
31%
61%
protecting our citizens. We cannot allow that to happen. 31% 61% V ERNON K. K RIEBLE
protecting our citizens. We cannot allow that to happen. 31% 61% V ERNON K. K RIEBLE

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In the end, overall support for the establishment of this guest worker program remains high.
In the end, overall support for the establishment of this
guest worker program remains high.
Favor/Oppose Six Part Guest Worker Program
+60%
+40%
79%
69%
29%
19%
Initial
Informed
Favor
Oppose
Now, having heard more about this guest worker program, overall, would you favor or oppose the establishment of this six part guest worker
program in its entirety?
of this six part guest worker program in its entirety? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F
of this six part guest worker program in its entirety? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F

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There is majority support across party. Informed Favor/Oppose Six Part Guest Worker Program by Party
There is majority support across party.
Informed Favor/Oppose Six Part Guest Worker Program by Party
Favor
Oppose
Net Difference
All Voters
Now, having heard more about this guest worker program, overall, would you favor or oppose the establishment of this six part guest worker
program in its entirety?
of this six part guest worker program in its entirety? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F
of this six part guest worker program in its entirety? V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F

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After hearing a series of statements in support of and in opposition to the guest
After hearing a series of statements in support of and in opposition
to the guest worker program, a majority of respondents would
prefer this system be administered by private employment agencies.
Now, I am going to read you two statements about
Private Employment
how the guest worker program could work. Please
tell me which one you would prefer.
Agencies
Private employment agencies would be responsible
for distributing guest worker permits based on
employer need each year which would help keep
the economy growing.
52%
An Independent
…or…
Commission
An independent commission representing business
and labor appointed by the federal government
42%
would be responsible for setting quotas on the
number of jobs that can be filled by guest workers.
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Take Aways
Take Aways
Take Aways V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A PRIL 2013 26
Take Aways V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A PRIL 2013 26

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Take Aways:  High priority: Republicans and Democrats see fixing the immigration system as a
Take Aways:
 High priority: Republicans and Democrats see fixing the
immigration system as a high priority.
 Solution: long-term and bipartisan: Voters want a long-term
solution to fix the immigration problem “once and for all” and a
plan that is supported by both parties.
 A guest worker program is necessary to control borders.
 Strong support for a guest worker program: Voters support a
guest worker program with background checks and jobs—69%.
 Marketplace, not government: Number of permits decided by
employer demand and need—65%; types of jobs decided by
employer demand—58%.
and need—65%; types of jobs decided by employer demand—58%. V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION
and need—65%; types of jobs decided by employer demand—58%. V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION

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Appendix
Appendix
Appendix V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A PRIL 2013 28
Appendix V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION — A PRIL 2013 28

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Demographics of Sample: 2012 Exit Poll Data* Krieble Survey 18-29 19% 16% 30-44 27% 28%
Demographics of Sample:
2012 Exit Poll Data*
Krieble Survey
18-29
19%
16%
30-44
27%
28%
Age
45-64
38%
37%
65+
16%
18%
Whites
African Americans
Hispanics/Latinos
72%
74%
Ethnicity
13%
12%
10%
10%
Republicans
32%
35%
Party
Independents
29%
18%
Democrats
38%
44%
Romney
47%
40%
2012 Ballot
Obama
51%
48%
Cell Phone Only
33%
25%
*CNN exit poll data shown, except 2012 ballot is actual
33% 25% *CNN exit poll data shown, except 2012 ballot is actual V ERNON K. K
33% 25% *CNN exit poll data shown, except 2012 ballot is actual V ERNON K. K

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All of the Immigration Goals We Tested (0-10 Importance Scale) Mean Score % 8-10 Make
All of the Immigration Goals We Tested (0-10 Importance Scale)
Mean Score
% 8-10
Make sure all immigrants pay taxes
8.9
82%
Pass a long-term solution that fixes the immigration problem
once and for all
8.0
68%
Come up with an immigration reform plan that can be supported
by both Republicans and Democrats
7.9
65%
Provide employers with the technological ability to verify
7.8
63%
whether employees are legal
Do more to secure the border to keep people from entering the
country illegally
7.6
61%
Ensure that immigrants who came to the U.S. illegally have the
opportunity to eventually become legal American citizens if they
7.1
54%
pay a fine, any back taxes, and pass a security background check*
Establish a guest worker program that would give work permits
to immigrants who pass a security background check and have a
job
7.1
52%
Ensure that immigrants who came to the U.S. illegally have the
opportunity to eventually become legal American citizens if they
choose*
6.2
39%
*Half-sampled
legal American citizens if they choose* 6.2 39% *Half-sampled V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION
legal American citizens if they choose* 6.2 39% *Half-sampled V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION

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Next Top Support Arguments Very Convincing Total Convincing This program would mean additional tax revenue
Next Top Support Arguments
Very Convincing
Total Convincing
This program would mean additional tax
revenue for the government as more and
more non-citizen workers and their
employers would be paying taxes. This
would help reduce the deficit and put greater
42%
75%
revenue and dollars into our economy.
This program would provide a way for
undocumented workers to obtain legal work
status. It would provide employers with an
efficient and monitored way to make sure
they are employing only legal immigrants
who have passed security background
41%
80%
checks. This guest worker program would
provide no special treatment or advantage
toward citizenship, which is a completely
separate process.
toward citizenship, which is a completely separate process. V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION —
toward citizenship, which is a completely separate process. V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F OUNDATION —

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Next Top Oppose Arguments Very Convincing Total Convincing This program would place our national security
Next Top Oppose Arguments
Very Convincing
Total Convincing
This program would place our national security
at risk. Although non-citizens would receive
security background checks, these background
checks would not be strict or rigorous enough.
Non-citizen workers would be run through the
FBI database and the criminal database of
their own country. This places too much trust
in foreign governments to secure our borders.
27%
54%
This program would do nothing to limit
immigration into this country; in fact, it would
encourage more immigrants to come here and
take Americans’ jobs. When unemployment is
27%
52%
this high and our economy continues to suffer,
the American people just cannot afford this
program.
to suffer, the American people just cannot afford this program. V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F
to suffer, the American people just cannot afford this program. V ERNON K. K RIEBLE F

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