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A pplications of each form ula can be found on the page that follow s. 1.

∫

x r dx =

x r +1 +c r +1

1 A .∫ kdx = kx + c w here k is a constant 2.

∫k

f ( x ) dx = k ∫ f ( x ) dx

w here k is the constant 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

∫ [ f ( x ) + g(x) ] dx = ∫ f ( x ) dx + ∫ g (x) dx ∫e d x = e + c ∫ e f '( x ) d x =e + c

x x f(x) f(x)

∫x ∫

1

d x = l n⏐x⏐ + c

f '( x ) dx = ln ⏐ f(x) ⏐ + c f (x) 8. Integration by S ubstitution

∫ f (u) d u = F (u) + c

w here u = g (x) and du = g' (x) dx 9. Integration by P arts

**∫ f (x) g'( x)dx = f(x)g(x ) - ∫ f ' (x)g(x)dx 10.∫ ccs x dx =sin f (x) + c 11.∫ [ cos f (x) ] f (x)dx = sin f(x) + c 12. ∫ sin x dx = - cos x + c 13. ∫ [ sin f(x) ] f '( x)dx = − cos f (x) + c 14. ∫ sec xdx = tan x + c 15. ∫ [ sec f (x) ]f (x)d x= tan f(x) + c
**

' 2 2 1

xr+1 1. where k is a constant 3. ∫ (2x + 3x + 2)dx = ∫ 2x dx + ∫ 3xdx + ∫ 2dx = 2 2 2x3 3x2 + + 2x + C 3 2 4. ∫ 6e dx = 6∫ e dx x x =6ex + C ∫e f(x) f '(x)dx = ef(x) + C Ex. ∫ = 5∫ x x 3x = 5 ln⏐⏐ x +C 7.∫ ex dx = ex + C 5. ∫ [f(x) + g (x) +dx = ∫ f(x)dx + ∫ g (x) dx = 5x7 +C 7 Ex. ∫ x dx = +C 8 7 1A. ∫e ∫e 2x2 +1 4xdx = e2x +1 + C 2 6. Ex. 5dx dx Ex.∫ kdx =kx + C where k is a constant 2. x +C ∫ x dx = ln⏐⏐ 1 1 dx = ∫ e3x 3dx 3 1 3x = ∫ e 3dx 3 33x = +C 3 Note: This problem can also be worked using the integration by substitution method (see #8). ∫ 5 dx = 5x + C 6 ∫ 5x dx = 5∫ x dx 6 ∫ kf (x) = k∫ F (x) dx Ex. Ex. ∫ f (x) f ' (x) ⏐+ C dx = ln⏐ f(x) Ex. ∫x 2x dx = ln ⏐ x2 + 1 ⏐+ C 2 +1 . ∫ x dx = +C r+1 r x8 Ex. Ex.

Integration by Substitution ∫ (x 2 + 3) 4 2 xdx u=x 2 + 3 du=2xdx ∫ f(u)du = F(u) + C w here u = g(x) and du=g ' (x)dx ∫ (x 2 + 3) 4 2 xdx = ∫ u 4 du u5 +C 5 (x 2 + 3) 5 = +C 5 = Also w ritten as: ∫ f(g(x))g ' (x) dx = F(g)(x) + C Ex.1 (3x 2 + 3) 3 Ex. ∫x 2 x 3 + 1 dx u = x3 +1 du =3x 2 dx ∫x 2 x 3 + 1 dx = = ∫3 1 x 3 + 1 3x 2 dx 1 c 3 + 1 3x 2 dx ∫ 3 1 = ∫ u du 3 1 1 = ∫ u 2 du 3 3 1 u2 = +C 3 3 2 2 3 = u2 +C 9 3 2 = ( x 3 + 1) 2 + C 9 2 = ( x 3 + 1) 3 + C 9 . x2 +1 dx = x 3 + 3x + 2 Ex. 8. ∫ ∫ x 3 + 3x + 2 dx 1 3x 2 + 3 dx = ∫ x 2 + 3x + 2 3 1 = ln ⏐x 3 + 3x + 2 ⏐+ C 3 N ote: T his problem can also be w orked using the integration by substitution m ethod (see #8) .

∫ [cos f(x)] f ' (x) dx = sin f (x) + C Ex. 12.9.∫ [sin f(x)]f '(x) dx = -cos f (x) + C Ex. Ex.∫ x dx 3 x3 ln x +C 9 10. Integration by Parts Ex. ∫x 2 ln x dx g(x) = x G(x) = x3 3 ∫ f (x) g ' (x) = f(x)g(x) . ∫ cos x dx = sin x + C Ex. ∫ 9 sec x dx = 9∫ sec x dx 2 2 = 9 tan x + C . ∫ -2 sin x dx = -2∫ sin x dx = -2(-cos x) + C = 2 cos x + C Ex. ∫ cos 4x dx = ∫ 4 cos 4x 4dx = 1 cos 4x 4dx 4∫ 1 = sin 4x 4 Note: This problem can also be worked using the integration by substitution method (see #8).cos(x 2 + 1) + C 2 Note: This problem can also be worked by the integration by substitution method (see #8). ∫ x sin(x 2 + 1)dx = = ∫ 2[sin(x 1 2 +1)]2xdx 14. ∫ cos x dx 1 = ∫ cos x dx 2 2 sin x = +C 2 1 11.∫ sin x dx = -cos x + C 13.∫ vdu where u = f (x) dv = g(x)dx du = f ' (x) dx v =G(x) x3 3 x3 = 3 = x3 1 x3 dx ⋅ 3 ∫x 3 2 1 ln x .∫ f ' (x)g(x)dx f(x) = ln x f '(x) = 1 x Also written as: 2 ∫ x ln x dx =ln x ⋅ ∫ udv = uv .∫ sec2 x dx = tan x + C 1 [sin(x 2 + 1) + 2xdx 2∫ 1 = .

. ∫ 2x 2 2 sec2 (x 3 + 1)dx = 2 3 ∫ 3 [sec (x + 1)] 3x 2 dx = 2 [sec 2 (x 3 + 1)]3x 2dx = ∫ 3 2 tan(x 3 + 1) + C 3 Note: This problem can also be worked by the integration by substitution method (see #8).∫ [sec 2 f(x)] f '(x) dx = tan f(x) + C Ex.15.

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