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Costa Mesa, California, USA.
Shamika Ayre MIT, Aurangabad, Maharashtra. Case Study (Literature)
INTRODUCTION: The South Coast Plaza Town Center area of Costa Mesa is known regionally, nationally and internationally for its cultural facilities, architecture, art and landscaping. Individual elements are, in and of themselves, unique, elite and collectively they produce an environment that is unmatched anywhere in the United States. The Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District Plan (the “Plan”) details the strategy to foster and enhance a unique look and feel for the project area. Because existing elements are of high quality, the plan’s challenges will be to highlight the individuality of each existing cultural and art attraction; to preserve an atmosphere that encourages future stakeholders to enhance the district’s uniqueness; to maintain an environment that encourages new businesses of equally high quality to locate there; and to ensure that an allencompassing atmosphere is sustained and preserved so that the entire area is enjoyed by the greatest possible number of individuals, whether residents or visitors. The Plan addresses a mixed-use urbanized area. It responds to a variety of competing demands and requirements between individual ownership entities and the City of Costa Mesa. For this reason, the Plan is a dynamic document that attempts to balance uses, esthetics and function. It recognizes that the great majority of improvements to the Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District area were accomplished through the vision and foresight of the area’s historic and current owners with little outside influence or oversight. The Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District Plan was jointly developed by South Coast Plaza, Common Wealth Partners, LLC and the Orange County Performing Arts Center (“OCPAC”) in fulfillment of an obligation called out in separate development agreements executed between these entities and the City of Costa Mesa in 2001. South Coast Repertory and City of Costa Mesa planning staff reviewed and commented on the plan on several occasions. In addition, the document was reviewed by the Costa Mesa Planning Commission before its submission to the Costa Mesa City Council for final review and approval.
Costa Mesa has a Mediterranean climate
Climate data for Costa Mesa Month Average high °F (°C) Jan
64 (18) 44 (7)
64 (18) 50 (10)
64 (18) 51 (11)
66 (19) 54 (12)
79 (26) 57 (14)
82 (28) 60 (16)
85 (29) 63 (17)
90 (32) 64 (18)
86 (30) 63 (17)
86 (30) 54 (12)
68 (20) 42 (6)
64 (18) 38 (3) 1.59
Average low °F (°C)
Precipitation inches (mm)
1.02 (25.9) (40.4)
Source: Weather Channel
Map of U.S.A.
Map showing Costa Mesa
Costa Mesa is a city in Orange County, California. The population was 109,960 at the 2010 census. Since its incorporation in 1953, the city has grown from a semi-rural farming community of 16,840 to a primarily suburban and "edge" city.
Its 54 acres comprise one of the most urbanized areas in Orange County and include high-rise office buildings. Sunflower Avenue on the north. restaurants and various commercial uses. Ana to the north and the I-405 to the south. Improvements jointly sponsored by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans). Immediately west of the Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District is South Coast Plaza. multiple-family residential in the City of Santa 4 . Avenue of the Arts on the east and the San Diego (I-405) Freeway on the south (see Figure 1). OCTA is also in the design stage for the Center Line light-rail transit system that will link Santa Ana. Other surrounding uses include high-density residential and office/commercial uses to the east. one of the leading magnet retail centers in the world. internationally recognized cultural facilities. however. the project may be expected to provide further access options to the Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District. Costa Mesa and John Wayne Airport. Access to the area has historically been obtained from the I-405 via Bristol Street. hotels. The precise alignment and station location have yet to be determined. the Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA) and Costa Mesa have recently expanded access via a new northbound off-ramp from the I-405/San Diego Freeway at Avenue of the Arts.The Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District is bounded by Bristol Street on the west.
Satellite Image of Costa California Mesa. now the Westin South Coast Plaza Hotel. HISTORY: Prior to the mid-1960s. as was the five-level parking structure fronting on Park Center Drive. The 17-story Park Tower was constructed in 1979. Construction accelerated in the mid 1970s with completion of Western International’s South Coast Plaza Hotel. and development of the South Coast Repertory followed in the Fall of 1978. Additionally. the Downey Savings Building was built in 1979 and the twin 15-story 5 . the area encompassing the Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District was primarily agricultural. Commercial development began in 1967 with the California Bank and Trust Building at the corner of Bristol and Sunflower.
” a 336-seat theater designed by Cesar Pelli. is easily recognized by its stainless steel curtain exterior with a linen finish.6-acre “California Scenario” garden. completed an expansion known as “The Next Stage. The 21story tower. An expanded lobby sweeps across the front of the facility. In 1981. The area across the street from the Performing Arts Center has been designated the Segerstrom Center for the Arts. is the latest addition to The Offices of South Coast Plaza. Plaza Tower.S. Renowned for its asymmetrical architecture. Center Tower. Isamu Noguchi completed his 1. offers a distinctive corporate environment of quality and sophistication adjacent to the Orange County Performing Arts Center. designed by architect Cesar Pelli. connecting the three theaters behind a new façade of glass that redefined the building and its relationship to the space in which it sits. Center Tower is complemented by sculptures of Carl Milles. In summary. Since 1986. Joan Miro. completed in 1985. South Coast Repertory. In late 2002. Pelli’s buildings have been constructed in many of the world’s leading cities. 6 .000-seat Segerstrom Hall and 250-seat Founders Hall. viewed by urban analysts as the most important outdoor sculpture open to the public in Southern California and an installation that has few equals across the country. presenters of national and international performing artists and companies.000people per year to the 3. for approximately 40 years the area now known as the Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District has offered a fitting home for a number of Southern California’s most architecturally and culturally rich attractions. Internationally known architect Helmut Jahn expanded the Park Tower atrium lobby in 1999. It is currently under development. advanced acoustical design and excellent sightlines. George Rickey and Henry Moore.office buildings at 611 Anton and 3200 Park Center Drive were completed in 1981-1982. Orange County’s Tony Award-winning theater. The Center welcomes more than 650. the Orange County Performing Arts Center has been one of the leading U. completed in 1991.
LLC and South Coast Plaza of the proposed South Coast Town Center improvements. While the three development agreements for the South Coast Plaza Town Center allow broad discretion in the approach and manner in which the district is to be developed and managed. These private entities have substantially invested and continue to invest in the design and maintenance of their properties.” a phrase incorporated in the city seal. Public and Private Partnership: In May 2000 with the announcement by Common-Wealth partners. architectural and cultural assets: The Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District is already home to internationally recognized architectural and sculptural achievements as well as premier cultural institutions that have chosen to base themselves here. Variety of artistic. with the exception of some public streets and sidewalks. entities The financial responsibility for the implementation of elements submitted in the Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District Plan includes both private and public 7 .UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS: The Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District issignificantly different from other cultural centers in the United States in the following important respects: Limited and private ownership: The Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District is unique in that the entire area. the owners are required to create and implement a Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District Plan that will guide potential changes and improvements within South Coast Plaza Town Center. is controlled by a limited number of private owners. the City of Costa Mesa took the opportunity to clarify and more formally express its identity as a “City of the Arts.
GOALS: The Plan respects the cultural standards and design diversity present within the district today. To support occasional programs and installations in the Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District that will recognize the importance of culture and the arts in daily life. To inform local. encourages continuing appreciation of the same qualities and calls out ways to increase awareness and use of the area’s cultural resources. The Development Agreements fore saw the possibility of this evolution. The specific goals of the Plan are: To create a strong sense of place and awareness of a coherent identity for the Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District that will recognize existing cultural and corporate resources in the area and successfully integrate new resources as they are developed. To assist pedestrians and vehicle operators in reaching their destinations quickly and easily. national and international communities about the Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District. and. regional. To improve communication and cooperation among area property owners in monitoring and fostering design and development within the district. These goals involve activities and foci that are in some regards different from those envisioned in the speculative framework for a Theater and Arts District Plan mentioned in the Development Agreements signed by representatives of the City and the Property Owners in 2001. 8 . To encourage appropriate interplay between policies that apply particularly to the Costa Mesa Theater and Arts District and those policies that evolve in the City of Costa Mesa to serve regional needs. once they are in the area. make information available that highlights additional points of attraction throughout the district.
Both new linkages and enhancements to existing linkages shall be implemented only if technical studies find there are no detrimental impacts to pedestrian safety or to traffic flow. In order to foster cohesion between the District’s subareas and safe pedestrian flow between those subareas. Pedestrian Linkages: The major streets that traverse the Theater and Arts District offer challenges to the goal of creating a unified and pedestrianfriendly environment. enhanced pedestrian linkages in the public rightof-way are proposed.Proportion of built and un-built spaces a. In no case shall enhancements result in changes to forms of street 10 . Such enhancements may be considered in locations that have not previously been formally designated for pedestrian circulation and in locations where opportunities exist to improve the appearance of existing vicinity. Also adequate measures for parking spaces have been taken into consideration. the plan of Costa Mesa has the optimum required proportions of built and un-built spaces. b. d. pedestrian resources. Area under Road Area under open = = 32% 15 % 11% 36% Area under Parking = Area under Built = As the table given above indicates. c.
The majority of the street surface of Town Center Drive between Park Center Drive and Avenue of the Arts. This is an improvement foreseen in the development agreements between the City and the property owners and is reflected in the map exhibits of this plan. 4. 6. 3. The mid-block area of Park Center Drive between the Noguchi Garden and the proposed courtyard of the new office building. 2. use of distinctive landscaping adjacent to pedestrian rightof-way in the vicinity of crosswalk ends. 11 . The north-south crosswalk at the intersection of Anton Boulevard and Avenue of the Arts on the west side of Avenue of the Arts.marking mandated by vehicular and pedestrian safety standards. The last-identified pedestrian enhancement involves the abandonment of a portion of Town Center Drive between Park Center Drive and Avenue of the Arts and the creation of a pedestrian plaza among existing and planned arts venues. Seven specific locations exist for which pedestrian enhancements are considered. The north-south crosswalk at the intersection of Anton Boulevard and Park Center Drive on the east side of Park Center Drive. 7. (See Figure 11) where pedestrian linkages are identified 1. The north-south crosswalk at the intersection of Anton Boulevard and Bristol Street on the east side of Bristol Street. A possible new crosswalk in the mid-block area of Anton Boulevard between Park Center Drive and Avenue of the Arts. and the use of technological improvements such as flashing-diode warning lights embedded in the pavement to warn vehicles in motion of the possible presence of pedestrians. The mid-block area of Town Center Drive between Bristol Street and Park Center Drive. 5. Enhancements to crosswalks may include but need not necessarily consist of the use of alternative paving materials or surface treatments.
Major east-west view corridors exist along Town Center Drive between Bristol Street and Avenue of the Arts.) The major north-south corridor is oriented along the two portions of Park Center Drive and the intervening section of open space easement. and from the foot of the pedestrian bridge through the open space easement towards Avenue of the Arts.View Linkages Development in the Theater and Arts District to this point has been sensitive to the creation and maintenance of view corridors from one subarea to another. The secondary view corridors include a north-south view corridor between the south wall of the Performing Arts Center and the landscaped area just north of the office tower located at 611 Anton Boulevard. 12 . as well as an east-west view corridor that terminates at its eastern end in a portion of the California Scenario. (See Figure 12.
As the road and pedestrian layout is already discussed. given above is the image indicating all the main landscape design features that make Costa Messa a enjoyable experience.A B C D E F Figure showing positions of images Landscape Analysis: To understand and analyze the landscape of Costa Messa. The images of the denoted areas are given on the next page. 13 . one has to understand that the essence of the layout is the well laid out road and pedestrian network and the intermittent green area that punctuate the whole district center.
FIGURE A FIGURE B FIGURE C FIGURE D FIGURE E FIGURE F 14 .
Arts museum and Plaza Tower all have a different concept but still add up to the design in totality.Landscape Design Features : Character : The landscape features in the area are designed with activity in in the the can accordance dominating drama district. Th e rhythm kept resonating by repetition of some landscape elements of the other. that is the Art and center. One notice the element of drama capture with the picture frame arch the is designed at entrance plaza of the. Once again the element of drama and stylization is emphasized. one in front of California scenario. Convenient and functional : Each node at the main junction is landscape complete with banner and signage’s. 15 . The various water bodies. Water body : One can see a very innovative use of water bodies. Like using the grid pattern for the hedges.
to the woods. agave. 16 . It will also serve as a programmable outdoor venue for organized events. In addition to including redwoods and cacti. Noguchi instead created a simple stone plaza with a few green spaces. a new open space courtyard will be added on Park Center Drive.” twelve-feet-high carved granite boulders. from the Sierras. among other native plants. just south of Anton Blvd. ”Forest Walk” takes visitors past a patch of California redwoods and “Desert Land” features a “symmetrical mound planted with a variety of cacti. to the desert. The courtyard aligns with the main entry to Noguchi’s “California Scenario. educates visitors about the earlier use of the site. will offer an outdoor gathering space for office workers and area visitors.California Scenario : In 1979. it encompasses a number of individual elements designed by the artist to evoke some of California’s salient characteristics. Segerstrom asked Noguchi to design a public garden to enhance two office towers built on family land once used as a lima bean farm. While Segerstrom initially wanted a lush retreat. which functions as a stream beginning at the thirty-foot-high sandstone triangle named “Water Source” and ending at “Water Use. The Noguchi Museum writes that the artist first conceived the project as an “abstract metaphor for the state of California.” The sculpture “Spirit of the Lima Bean. Town Courtyard: Adjacent to the new 18-story office building.” The garden features a crack filled with water and stones.” a granite wedge.” The open space. and other desert plants. surrounded by trees.
slate blue and moss green. make visitors aware that they have entered the Theater and Arts District and allow them to find their way to various venues. such as dusty rose. Such temporary signage is to aid vehicular traffic’s ingress and egress to the district’s large. creates an appealing and consistent color scheme throughout the district.Street Furniture: Signage in the Public right of way has been developed by the area property developers subject to city approval. The signs are to be removed at the conclusion of these special events. Varying shades of earth tones. The signage includes the Theater and Arts District logo and fit with the master color scheme. Removable Directional Signs: At key locations throughout the district. The new street signs throughout the district. 17 . well -attended events and would direct vehicles to the most convenient parking facilities. Existing signs that identify city streets shall were replaced. dark salmon. burnt umber. sage green. accommodations for temporary directional signs are to be created.
Street Furniture: In keeping with the artistic theme of the district. Bristol St. architecturally distinguished bus shelters are created as works of functional art and installed as replacements for existing bus stop furniture in locations where they were they previously existed. So 18 .
This outdoor garden depicts the history and natural and man-made elements that make California distinctive. steel abstraction.Artistic attractions : 1. violet and clear textured glass to form a translucent windscreen. 2. vigorous counterpoint to the solemn vertical rise of surrounding buildings. Charles O. this colorful stained-glass wall radiates warmth. By designing a void in the mass of his “Reclining Figure. but he has taken the idea so dramatically into the realm of abstraction that it literally rises above any reference to nature. Like the sun. “Sun Ribbon” is a masterfully designed piece of functional art that creates a bright. stainless steel. 3. light and cheer. “Reclining Figure” is a splendid example of the renowned sculptor’s mature work. The sculpture’s title and form suggest that Perry was inspired by animal horns. orange. Henry Moore: Located at the Orange County Performing Arts Center.” dramatically framed by two reflective glass buildings and two 40-foot high white concrete walls is a 1.” Falkenstein has artfully orchestrated stripes of gold. Moore has captured the dignity and living force of a woman. Jim Huntington: “Night Shift” looks as if it might have grown out of a grassy mound on the peaceful park. Isamu Noguchi: “California Scenario. Claire Falkenstein: In “Sun Ribbon.6-acre environment by Japanese-American sculptor Isamu Noguchi. red. 19 .” Moore encourages us to see that space around the figure as important as its solid material. 5. the piece is abruptly sliced through the top by a plate of polished.” a bright yellow. Perry: “The Ram. 4. was the first sculpture in the area and it remains a colorful center of attention. Cut from a massive chunk of Sierra white granite. Through his mastery of open and closed form.
In “Sun Glitter. two of Milles’ bronzes bless Center Tower. Its bulbous volumes and spiky projections lend it a whimsical character. 20 . 7. Joan Miro: Perched in the lobby of Center Tower. Rickey’s stainless steel sculpture. thoroughly in keeping with the great Spanish Surrealist’s sense of humor. The dynamic sculpture consists of a series of 12. “Oiseau” is a cast bronze bird of monumental and highly unorthodox order. George Rickey: Taking wind as his partner and using real movement in his perfectly balanced creations. 9. 10.” a mermaid with hair flying rides a dolphin through the spray while smaller fish circle around them. blending invention with the spirit of nature. OCPAC: Protruding through the glass curtain wall of the OCPAC Segerstrom Hall is the “Fire Bird” sculpture by artist Richard Lippold. Those who stop to observe it are likely to become enchanted by its constantly changing arrangements. Aiko Miyawaki: “Utsurohi 91 – Costa Mesa” is located on a grassy rectangle adjacent to Plaza Tower. The second Milles sculpture reenacts the story of “Jonah and the Whale.6. Carl Milles: Known for his fountains and sculptural monuments. 8.” We find a tiny man perched precariously on the mouth of an enormous whale and immediately sense the drama of the moment. “Four Lines Oblique Gyratory Square IV.” is so elegantly understated that the sculpture may be overlooked by people in a hurry. 10-foot columns set in an elliptical configuration with chromium-plated steel “threads” intertwining in graceful patterns at the top of each column. This sculpture that dominates the façade of the Performing Arts Center was a gift from the Segerstrom family for the opening of OCPAC. Miro is renowned for such fanciful abstractions.
FIGURE OF SHOWING ARTICTIC ATTRACTION 21 .
It can be a model example for a similar venture. 22 . When the city was to have a restructuring. it clearly shows. that Costa Mesa is a vibrant composition of an artistic ensemble. As per the study conducted. that was to project the image of the town center as a artistic and cultural center. The pedestrian pathways are completely segregated as a “right to way”. The plan is implemented in way that the spaces indoor and outdoor can be enjoyed by all individuals residing there or even those who are visiting the art center. The road network is designed in way to avoid congestion. The public and private partnership is endeavoring to up keep this plan as a ideal for the future city center designs. The street furniture is methodically planned. The street layout and landscaping is well synchronized. the planning commission had a goal. and the signage is placed so as to facilitate the commuters to find the directions of the location they intend to reach.CONCLUSION: Costa Mesa was always a city of artistic inclination and flavor.
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