IN MINUTES

News and events — visually

WORK E G A P P STO
What is the Kaesong complex?
The 66 km² (25.5 sq. mi.) industrial park just inside the North’s border is run by a South Korean committee. South Korean companies take advantage of low labour costs to produce its goods there.

North Korea has pulled more than 50,000 people from its Kaesong industrial complex. The North is angry due to the UN tightening sanctions following the Najin nation’s third nuclear test in February. Pyongyang is also on edge due to the U.S. and South Korea conducting joint Ch’ongjin military exercises, despite the allies Hyesan calling it routine.
A South Korean vehicle carries goods out of the Kaesong complex. Kimch’aek

RUSSIA

CHINA
Sinuiju

NORTH KOREA

North Korea economics
GDP:

$40 billion

166th in the world

Hungnam

Export partners
2011 est. China

67.2%
19.4%

Wonsan
Namp’o

GDP real 0.8% growth rate: 166th GDP per $1,800 capita: 197th Exports: $4.707 B 115th Imports: 137th

P’yongyang
Demarcation Line

3.6% South Korea India
2011 est. China

$4 B

Transportation
There are only two modes of travel to Kaesong: Rail: Served by Korean State Railway Road: Limited road access available for workers from South Air: Not available

Import partners

Kaesong Seoul
Suwon

61.6%
20%

Who works there?
53,000 North Koreans 800 South Koreans
Wages: About $90 million each year, paid directly to the North Korean government. There are conflicting reports about how much, if any, workers receive in wages. One report puts the workers’ earnings at $134 a month, with the North Korean authorities taking 45% in taxes.

E.U. 4% South Korea

North Korean workers making shoes in Kaesong.

SOUTH KOREA
Taegu

Commodities: Export: Minerals, metallurgical products, manufactures (including armaments), textiles, agricultural and fishery products Import: Petroleum, coking coal, machinery and equipment, textiles, grain

In 2011, UNICEF estimated that about

6,000,000 people
(1/4 of North Korea’s population)

What’s there?
123 South Korean companies Shoes and clothing make up of the goods produced; the rest are largely chemical and electrical products. GS Bucheon: Produces cables and wires for Samsung and LG refrigerators and washing machines assembled in China and Southeast Asia. ShinWon: Clothing SJTECH Co: Semiconductor parts

did not have enough to eat.
Yellow Sea

70%

Nearly a million of those were children under the age of five.

Korea
Cheju

S

a tr

it

Sources: Graphic News; Reuters

SUSAN BATSFORD, GRAPHICS EDITOR; INFOGRAPHIC BY MEGAN DINNER/QMI AGENCY

JAPAN

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