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Introduction AI-Andalus is one of the most important points in the political thought of Blas Infante, (l.885 ~ 1936). To do this, we extracted from his work meaningful data that refer to the centuries of history of Andalusia, and then analyze them thereby constructing a different valuation of the Arab presence in Spain. Blas Infante Thus invites us a new acceptance, discovery and interpretation of al-Andalus, parallel to the release of Andalusia advocated the Father of the Andalusian denominated by the Andalusian Parliament (April 3, 1983). 1. Blas Infante: Andalusian Ideal synthesis of the political ideal of Blas Infante of overcoming economic dependence, cultural and political life of Andalusia, is the recovery of the historical memory of al-Andalus, the current study of the implications that the imprint of culture Muslim left us, and the rejection of all centralist theory, based on an ideological hegemony of Christianity imposed, despises and rejects. In a word: the distortion of the history and culture of a people for his best submission. 11Mejor is silence which resulted from the dawn of the modern state religious uniformity determined by the central confession ". From his contacts with regionalist attempts early twentieth century in Spain, Infante elaborates his theory and political practice. It is difficult to find inconsistencies between his thought of his work. Notary, researcher self, and "friend of all revolutions" is linked to the movement of Andalusian nationalism who devote their strength, resources, research, writing, and his own life. Since its radicalism will be rejected, but in the last days of its existence will be recognized institutionally, naming him Honorary President of what could have been in September 1936, the Andalusian government future but for the Spanish Civil War. Infante discover Al- Andalus in the dialectic of the study of the past, observation of reality, and the future search for prostituted history of Andalusia.Blas Infante is three times that Andalusia is a recognized nation, in protohistoric aurora with Tartessos, then in the Senate Andalusia, and the stage of Al-Andalus. His nationalism opposed the 1Principio of nationalities "of Wilson (1918) as proposed Germanic Cartesian rationalist, the" Principle of cultures "understood as dynamic and revolutionary: the voluntary desire to be a people. In Al-Andalus find a Andalucía Islamic study through its principal authors with new eyes, and establish its historical synthesis economic and socio-cultural which derive much of Andalucia today. Understanding this stage marginalized, will be required in the recovery via the awareness for the Andalusian village. result of those hours of study will give birth to her book "Motamid, last king of Seville" that he posted on his press, founded to disseminate popular culture among the peasantry. As of yet not located by Enrique Iniesta biographer, writes a second Andalusian-themed drama too, still unpublished today: "Almanzor" which returns the contents recreate historical, artistic and cultural history of the Caliphate. Among his writings is the continued presence of reflections and verses in Arabic as well as Muslim etymology. Their interest around the topic at hand compel you to visit abroad. shall
anxious release. the Boards liberalists initiate a campaign for the construction of a mosque in Seville "with no intention of making profession or confession of a particular religion. leads him to study Arabic. although Blas Infante argues that the "Andalusian genius" involved the creation of a new Arab world.leave in 1928 when Al-Garbe. travels to Morocco in 1924 during the war against Spanish colonial Abd-el-Krim. Others. What means do we avail ourselves to marshal the necessary resources? ". but which now remain to be positioned with respect critical many of the Universities of Andalusia. their publications. Indeed. you can not disregard the fact Infante Some contemporary authors to suggest the need-more correct in this line-to say that Spain. we gives an idea of the interest of the person on the subject. to attend a tribute to the poet King Motamid. prepare a questionnaire for readers:" What is the place of the more serious Sevilla purposely (sic) to locate the temple Muharram. Although Al-Andalus Andalusia does not mean today. synthesis elements of history of Andalusia. The desire to study for the splendor of Al. the Nuba.1 To Blas Infante. 2. Perhaps the most studied historical fact that Infante's work is the call 1invasíón-conquest. attempting to achieve the desired awareness Andalusian village. "Point at which anticipates not only researchers of his time. The recognition of Al-Andalus as a foundation for the future Andalucia 2. talk about integration of the Peninsula in Islamic culture rather than armed occupation Besides the legendary performances that justify the presence of Muslims in the peninsula.Andalus. but in order to affirm religious freedom and plurality. "recognize the land and find a cult hit people. manifestos and calls. the names and Andalucian neighborhoods in North Africa. will be the basis of studies that will lead to new socio-political theories. last Moorish king of Seville who had given life through from his pen.000 men only!) ". The recognition of a new cultural influence and a native synthesis peculiar (acculturation). in 1931. 's eight years accounted Semitic blood inoculation among Andalusians. "To do this. . they go.Andalucía rises in their favor and in less than one year 34. Specifically during these centuries Christians kept their laws. release Try to get through the force cultural renewal. specifically Silves in Portugal.000 men get established in the Iberian Peninsula. Al-Andalus is the continuity of the Greek spirit. abundance manuscripts in Arabic and Islamic themes dealing legacy of unpublished. Largely motivated activities from these entities. Throughout the first Andalusian centers and Boards liberalists later promoted Infante Andalusia as distinct unit and alive. capitulated before speaking Muslim conquest. performing Learning sufficiency as a teacher to exercise himself in the halls of the Alcazar of Seville. as in the case of Ignacio Olagüe. a people must be educated and witty. tolerant and free. The impact of the visit the Koutoubia. Agmat visit as a pilgrim in the tomb of AlMotamid. the fact is that one can not speak strongly Conquest: The story of Blas Infante of the arrival of the Arabs in Andalusia is clear: the Andalusians are called after the years of invasion by the "barbarians". Attend then Tarik (14.
"antiregionalista" and "anti-national". through nationalism (Spanish) Modern old idea of "reconquista". This does not preclude the existence of a unitary representation of Andalusia. Proving the existence of Andalusia and . . studied and evaluated in perspective. Catalan Galician. but still one in itself. In summary. but these people . as simple nutrients for the vital energies of a foreign blood " 2. slave today. the medievalist. medical and illustrious writers.. colleges. " Andalusia shone with its own light. perhaps as a result the survival. aspects that are clearly reflected in the motto "self Andalusia. Aben Motrif. chaired by the chief. which reaches to identify within the spiritual and historical unity of Andalusia. cultural social forces. as was once. becomes a temporary parenthesis minor and negligible interest." From a language not without criticism and causing visceral away from subjectivity. in the words of Blas Infante is not an "arbitrary formula". Andalusian civilization present about five centuries in much of Andalusia. "and All of that general welfare to ride allowing everyone instead of walking. Spain and Humanity". to make man Andalusian man of light. "cozy".2. which.. Granada . " Living together during the years of Al-Andalus in Berber. which tended to regard the presence of Islam in the peninsula as an accident unable to sustain any rights acquired. in addition. Sevilla with his wise: Abu Zechariah. since. . their taxes. ". Almeria. which. "You always float.. each must come to constitute a State. development and expansion: "We must use these free periods-say-to rediscover the river of genius. but tend to strengthen the fraternity. This slogan. which comes to resume the tradition of small cuts erected in Academies. "History of Islam peninsular has been long neglected by the professional historian. Al-Andalus will be considered as a period of freedom and cultural brilliance "single lamp lit in the night of the Middle Ages. but its primitive vital energies are always dominating upright. illuminating the dark European past: Córdoba "passionate about science". Slavs. Arabic. when he was able to create a cultural center as Tartesos and flooded the West with the wisdom of Al-Andalus (. Jaen.. their collectors.. defined by opposition even in the context Peninsular but also all of scientific advances in the everyday impact brought stay with it this time.) Andalusian regain freedom does not mean separation. Their blood has been enriched with frequent infusions of foreign blood. " Boom reached by different cities in Andalusia Blas Infante considered as the beginning of its diversity:"Andalusia is a amphictyony of people.their principles. these eight years were full freedom. Acts that are little known..(or its particular tradition.. and even three religions Judaism. coupled with the lack adequate documentation justifies the delay of historical research on AI-Andalus.. Malaga. only recognize the existence of Andalusia from the resulting "reconquista". float still on this earth beautiful and unfortunate that today called Andalusia. But not only the appearance Infante defends a state Al-Andalus (Castilla as the new call her later) as a cultural unit. Infante judgment affirming the question: Andalucía was free. Zeiat. or by the cultural character of the story. This. all with great characters featured in science and in the thinking of those years. lack of solidarity. in the political order. animated by the same spirit and grounded in the same story.can not get to undergo the inflexible rule of homogeneous political status. and presented as scientifically sound. almost all have been heads of kingdoms for AI-Andalus. approach to "official". During these centuries all literate. was an industrial country with modern agricultural methods. Christianity and Islam clearly defined Andalusian nationalism: anti-war. we are currently self-preservation of the provincial capitalidades. . schools. it becomes the "synthesis of the history of Andalusia" It's the Castilian spoken in Andalusia Andalusian-speaking is clearly influenced by the "sounds" left by the Arabs. consisting of delegates from the United Andalusians. So is the new state power Castilian-Christian paradigm of the new historical reality that he has to live in Andalusia. . makes no essential purpose of the policy) . unlike the people of foundation Romanesque and Gothic. city libraries. has not been absorbed..
. Thus. and became a driving force in the company. A social and cultural genocide begins with the first mass deportations.) begin to take our land (. Abu-Bakr:"Do you understand. the capitulations were fast and systematically raped by the victors. something completely alien to Europe1. in the so-called "renewal". beginning a process of destruction of Andalusian culture. Cordoba and Granada were thus shelters the Greek democratic genius "during medieval barbarism in the world" because it was such a force of genius that subjects the Arab Andalusian and unlike the rest of the Islamic world. the recovery of the unity of Spain. a broken unit in the natural. which produces oppression and misery.. for centuries.. and aimed joined the European countries because resources. are doomed to Messrs.) They confiscated property and imprisoned seventeen thousand. as the noble Arab. bequeathed to his children always eternal hatred of race robbed and expelled them from their homeland shining. who had converted to orchard land. in Seville.therefore the "genius Andalusian" ultimately the birth. the establishment of the Visigothic monarchy and the restoration of the Church against Islam.. Political oppression causes the expulsion of thousands of Andalusians (Moors and Jews) and "a barbarian legal economic system."In Castilian or Spanish households suggested hase (sic) always hate and despise the Moor. and continues with financial burdens and legal prohibitions. hatred and contempt for Christian (Spanish). Thus.. freethinking Islamic name is" now "theft. to become truly protected. in these centuries were more specifically when you can see the "freedom of conscience" inspired Cordoba schools. while in the East the intransigence and fanaticism were dominant notes. In Moroccan homes. Argument latter made the Iberian sun Crusades space that existed parallel to the Middle East.. murder (.. slavery " According Blas Infante. Al-Andalus " 2. capital of Andalusia. Blas Infante breaks with the myth of the "reconquista" Christian and argues that this "conquest" was the result of continued rebellion psychological incompatibilities also characterizes the genius of the Andalusians. unable to exchange the sword by the plow.. After the conquest backfeed occurs historic Andalusia. now.. Juan of .. "Andalusia.3 Justify the presence of Islam in the peninsula on the basis of content militarists. "People just convert pressure initiated by Isabel intolerance. Muslims expelled from the peninsula and welcome in Morocco. coming to form an autonomous state federated with other Andalusians.) distributed over large portions between the captains of the conquering (. subjected to a chase that ends after the triumph of D. " After the occupation of Granada. nor do anything but keep their land in inaction or collect rents its settlers ". in the years of repression of the Inquisition "My Two people were burned alive in the fields of Tablada (. No wonder then that its policy proposal contain the union with Morocco. Andalusian awareness Infante leads to the study of AI-Andalus. Andalusia Europe and Africa. Moreover. moral and social. within the larger Actificionado of Andalusia? ".) chaired by the cross (. the Moroccan protectorate today submitted to Spain. political.) And the Andalusians. well why we hope that Morocco. handing the Andalusian sun in large portions between magnates proud warriors and vain. AlAndalus represented the historical fact "Europeanized foreign to Spain. This religious order itself could be shared by other political nuclei more distant. two peoples geographically separated by the Straits of Gibraltar or "Arroyo Grande". are used to all kinds of topics to justify the progress of people imprisoned for centuries in the Cantabrian Mountains. These years are an example of the love of political freedom and democracy of the Andalusians. Consequently.
but it was very brave and courageous. driving their children and leaving their fields barren gardens. Infante is witnessing a story that will count in its publications and on its unprecedented " Almanzor " 3. the result of the actions of a "serving foreign tyranny dogmas of barbarism. Second.. Andalusian centers are an example. Thus. He and political platforms and Sociocultural promoted referred to above. have been popping what our rulers demanded of us. Posture also promoted by the Andalusian North Africans. "the reaffirmation aware of the basic aspirations of Al-Andalus. in clothing or certain customs ecumenical inexorable rigor imposed.) half century later (.) will become the anti-Muhammad and his sanctuary in the antiKaaba ". It was considered essential for the redemption of Andalusia obtuviese it again the "center of civilization peninsular feels nostalgia for its past. In the case of the Autonomy Statute that Andalusia may have had in the Second Republic and the Andalusian Infante promote relations with Morocco are transferred to Andalusia. Externally. Facing the Morocco colonial era. a myth of Santiago "kill-Moors." In turn. has always its projection in everyday practice." Equally demanding maximum protection for the "State Andaluz" for "Muslim Andalusians Moriscos expelled from the mainland. involves a amphictyony of peoples united by culture.Austria and of the terrible depredations they did say that soldiers Marble King's troops were criminals " Andalusia was conquered by Europe. But we have never ceased to be what we really are: that is. Infante aims to make this territory a "autonomous state federated with other Andalusians. the Arab historians call "Galician" all enemies.. The Legacy of Al-Andalus in the life of Blas Infante All Infante political theory. Myths like Santiago was imported to America in order to preach Christianity "or teach the Indians that God was dead. by the proposals defended from those circles Andalusians towards sociopolitical reality of Andalusia. men harmonic synthesis2. " Al-Andalus was considered the most prominent historical reference. North and Confederate South and joined by the waters of the Strait. Firstly." the Andalusian defend a "Federal State delegated to Andalusia international relations with the peoples of Africa and the Orient. and even through his own publishing Avante. euroorientales men Universalists.. Euro-African. for all that means the disclosure of these theories through lectures." During his visit to Galicia offers a historical review of this myth versus fact understand that all are bad worthy of the sword of the Holy Christian. While relations . within the larger amphictyony of Andalusia". defended its proposals and actions the legacy of Al-Andalus in Andalusia. lack not people here. Andalusians." andalucismo as the cultural ideal. meetings. among the measures set forth in Regulation Section Sevilla appears to awaken the spirit through the regional history teaching. In turn. no we do not ever get to be Europeans. poured its populous cities. Blushes And its current sad state". "Castilla's performance in the so-called New World can only be understood as an extension of their conduct to AI-Andalus Nazari. men on horseback killing men " In Pontedeume and together with José Mas.. resisted and continues to resist his invasion yet and therefore will never be Europe: "We can not. where the genius and idiosyncrasies Andalusian expressed more clearly going to be a constant in all programs: "Return to Andalusia awareness of their cultural identity in the past creator of the most interesting cultures of the West. and conquered evangelized people not possessing" an image a fierce Spanish with a cross in one hand and a sword in the other.4 In this context. "It is likely that in the eighth century the military Santiago had not penetrated ecclesiastical literature (. or translated actualistas with modern standards.
Five years later. Among the horseshoe arches. it is the imperative now is to contain the essential vindication of a people deprived of their land by conquest Christian or European. is a tragic intimacy". the Hercules as a symbol of "life forces. in justification of our history ." Later examples confirm these versions: Flying on the Giralda in Seville around the year 1198 to celebrate the victory at the Battle of Alarcos. inaccessible. but its refined interior.. 4. " "The Andalusian regionalist or nationalist-statement-Infante came to invent anything: we had to limit us. The experience of Al-Andalus in Andalusia today: two examples 4." Infante breaks with all precedents flamencológicos. we have to refer to what will be the first house owned by Infante: "Dar Al Farah" (Villa of Joy). the building is an example of the admiration of the owner by Islamic art. and on this. " In the example of the Andalusian flag (three horizontal stripes of equal width. and even the color of most of the banners andalusíes preserved today. but also intensifies . originally associated to a single song module. must become "political fraternity of colonizing" to possible "cooperation based cultural foundation of personality with North African federation intelligence Andalusia" Infante and seek in Liberalista Board successive meetings and consultations.2 The problem of land to Blas Infante. " "poor Andalusians (. In the case of the shield. columns. farmers now fugitives expelled" is the song of the exile of a people forced to live outside its ideal medium: a form of "prisoner release their grief. which. But in any case "symbol of hope and peace.with this country. adopted in the Assembly of Ronda andalucista in 1918..) who lives to create the consciousness of life.. coming from "the last descendants of the world's most beautiful culture. Andalusian centers Infante and think about the history of Andalusia. The music of Andalusia Islamist outlawed in Christian era in modern times becomes singing "tragic intimacy. Is perplexed: "Andalusian music. around the eighth century. for centuries private- . simply to recognize in this order of creation for our people. To conclude this section. a situation which led to the misery of the peasantry: "The land of Andalusia Andalusian day laborers. "and the white to the ideals of the Almohads reunification with the various kingdoms in the year 1146 Andalusian. born the "origins of flamenco cante hondo v secrets". becomes secret. The flamenco song with "ay" is the traditional singing of "fellahmngu". Built by laborers. which have "remarkable people of our area of Morocco." Insisting that presence on a "peace with Morocco and Spain's influence over Africa and the Orient" When searching the symbols of Andalusia." So this song is a "democratic music". and again the result of an effort researcher. originally. the motto "self Andalusia.. Identifying the Nuba as a choral song of Andalusia's exile. Spain and Humanity".. and frescoes of this simple house plan. Muslims and mosaics of Andalusian origin. "the land problem in our country. His ideas in this regard will be taken by the current law institution of self-government of Andalusia..).1 flamenco heritage One of the most important insights of the visit to Morocco is when you hear a Nuba Infante. . before being agrarian problem is the problem of a people deprived by conquest of the land of their Andalusian Journeyman lost their land and becomes the slave of the owner. Al-Andalus Andalusia" as "divine symbol (. green-white-green). Arabic inscriptions abound. Even other data support this thesis even more contemporary. outlawed in society is to take refuge in the individual: coral longer. some authors have linked green "standard of the Umayyad dynasty. 4.
and traditional approaches. Religions.. affirm that AI-Andalus earned a prominent position in the political thought of Blas Infante. the conversion of the Andalusian peasant laborer. whose original substrate when mixed with other contributions. teaching and learning. An Island of Humanity in Europe condemned. Andalusia message for world peace. residence of the Spirit. without compensation of land from conquest". according to our true genius: variety: freedom for the variety of municipalities. And the scent of this garden come to condense into a magical word. Andalusia would be the great master of synthesis. for fertilizers. peasants without fields. Blas Infante emerges in this context as a much ahead of his time.lasting even in the land of his parents to be snuggled preserves fences closed waste in crying heart of Islam . more intensely inspired by the World develop holy longing. is demonstrated by the continuing controversy that is pitting supporters of a historiography that reviews the official story. The solution for agricultural reform in vacant land is quite clear: "agricultural reform. Objective passing through acceptance and valuation in perspective of all peoples and cultures that passed through this land. Infante describes his political theory in favor of Andalusian nationalism. peasants expelled". French Arabist school-in this sense. and even Levi-Provencal). "The ecclesiastical tyranny destroyed the culture of Andalusia. where the Andalusians . we have only to see the continual references to this historic moment for the author in his bibliography. as the desire to be alone. owner of the land. " Indeed. is continually ignored (Olagüe. immigration and emigration .Free of topics ideologizaciones religious grounds. scientific. the characters of other peoples differentiators. to exist as a distinct people. with dull eyes and emaciated bodies. how the black angel of European feudalism ordered the weed growth and sap wastelands this soil nurturing of primitive cultures. and free from centralist visions. being able to reach today extend compulsory cooperation . by organizing. andalucista leader downplays not the eight centuries of presence Arabic. ethnic . To affirm this. made alive in the Spirit. admonishing. Burckhardt. Rediscover a brilliant past. We would live well. No phase of our history is the perfect paradigm of Andalusia: all the milestones and the succession of cultures helped shape our reality Andalusia. etc. . of cultures and industries.. the reality of a culture and common interests. or what is the same. machinery. Marcais. which fertilizes the Coordination of varieties called. creating a body of Divinity creator imperative. Conclusions The practical importance of Arab Andalusia. Schack. between two oceans and two continents. no longer find the place it deserves worthy our past. its significance today scientists at all levels. acts as synthesizing catalyst to complete and enrich the contributions. God would have it your garden." and lit the fires of the Inquisition to "huge phalanxes slave laborers. Dozy. ancient and medieval. Nobility agricultural workers stripped of their land and large tracts distributed (latifundia) between names of illustrious lineage. with the cooperation required for delivery and routing of water. religious. From his political project. of justice. thus Blas Infante considered Andalusian history does not begin with the arrival of Christian or European troops to the ground Andalusian with the merger of the "reconquista" but previous centuries were of such importance that define the "genius".. bright. arising from a common historical memory. as is the case with specialists or Arabic documentary sources. and left their mark to form a distinct people with personality and identity. as happened during the Arab period becomes one of the cornerstones of his political theory and regionalism in general:"The application of the principle: no one should have land that can not grow..
and an honorary associate of the Department of Contemporary History at the History Department of the University of Seville. It is precisely this point which leads to the nationalist ideologue devise a future Andalusia closely related to East. but from these ideas drew its consequences. This " conquest "was a step back in the progress of the region. Yet his feelings were not simply in awe. a step toward cultural and economic misery.lived a golden age with schools. land and culture. Andalusia is one Europe and Africa. coming in response to the call by the "genius" of the Andalusians to neighboring cultures to defend against abuse "barbarians " * Manuel Ruiz Romero's Degree in History. A cultured people unlike the dark "of the European Middle Ages. Not therefore surprising that the "conquest" of Al-Andalus Christian configurase the socio-economic of the region through the implementation of a new system of land ownership based on the exploitation of the laborer and the estates. AI-Andalus stands as the synthesis of Greek and Roman peculiarity.'s "conquest" is understood as mere assimilation. broken again with the myth of the" reconquista "as a fact of advancement and progress.es . the interpretation of the arrival of Andalusian Arabs down also represents a failure of an old myth. Secretary of the Centre for Historical Studies of Andalusia (PO Box 2034 Malaga). Your Email: ceha@arrakis. a region where Europe represents only part of the Andalusian differential fact. Similarly.