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Questions: 273

Exam Paper - 6 September, 2012


Time: 49 hours 10 minutes

Total Marks: 2457 [15 marks, 18 minutes]

Q1 - ID: 421

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two cars A and B are moving on straight horizontal roads with} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{constant velocities. The velocity of A is 20 m/s due east,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and the velocity of B is $(6 \underline{i} + 8 \underline{j})$ m/s, where $\underline{i}$ and $\underline{j}$ are} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{unit vectors directed due east and due north respectively.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Initially A is at the fixed origin O , and the position vector of B} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is $350\underline{i}$ m relative to O . At time $t$ seconds, the position vectors} \qquad\\ \displaystyle \text{of A and B are $r$ metres and $s$ metres respectively.} \qquad\\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find expressions for $r$ and $s$ in terms of $t$.} \quad\\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Hence write down an expression for $\vec{AB}$ in terms of $t$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the time when the bearing of B from A is 045.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) Find the time when cars are again 350m apart.}\end{array}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

Q2 - ID: 660

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A coastguard station O monitors the movements of ships in a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{channel. At noon, the station radar records two ships moving} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with constant speed. Ship A is at the point with position vector} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$(-6 \underline{i} + 12 \underline{j})$ km relative to O and has velocity $(3 \underline{i} + 3 \underline{j})$ km/h.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Ship B is at the point with position vector $(2 \underline{i} + 4 \underline{j})$ km and has} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{velocity $(-2 \underline{i} + 8 \underline{j})$ km/h, where $\underline{i}$ and $\underline{j}$ are unit vectors directed} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{due east and due north respectively.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Given that the two ships maintain these velocities, show that} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{they collide.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The coast guard radios ship A and orders it to reduce its speed} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{to move with velocity $(2 \underline{i} + 2 \underline{j})$ km/h.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find an expression for the vector $ \vec{AB} $ at time $t$ hours after noon.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the the distance between A and B at 1400 hours.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) Find the time at which B will be due north of A.}\end{array}}

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Q3 - ID: 690

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two helicopters P and Q are moving in the same horizontal plane.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{They are modelled as particles moving in straight lines with constant} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{speeds. At noon P is at the point with position vector $(20 \underline{i} + 30 \underline{j})\, km$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with respect to a fixed origin O. At time t hours after noon the } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{position vector of P is $p\, km$. When $t = 0.5$ the position vector of P} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is $(45 \underline{i} - 10 \underline{j})\,km$. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the velocity of P in the form $(a\underline{i} + b\underline{j})\,km h^{-1}$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) an expression for p in terms of $t$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{At noon, Q is at O and at time $t$ hours afterwards the position vector} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of Q is $q\, km$. The velocity of Q has magnitude $110\, km h^{-1}$ in the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{direction of $4\underline{i} 3\underline{j}$. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) an expression for $q$ in terms of $t$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) the distance, to the nearest km, between P and Q when $t = 3$.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q4 - ID: 505

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two ships, $P$ and $Q$ are moving along straight lines with constant} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{velocities. Initially $P$ is at point $O$ and the position vector of $Q$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{relative to $O$ is $(4 \underline{i} + 14\underline{j})\, km$, where $\underline{i}$ and $\underline{j}$ are unit vectors} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{directed due east and due north respectively. The ship $P$ is moving} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with velocity $(11 \underline{j}) \, km h^{-1}$ and $Q$ is moving with velocity $(-8\underline{i} + 6\underline{j})\, km h^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{At time $t$ hours the position vectors of $P$ and $Q$ relative to $O$ are $p\, km$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and $q\, km$ respectively.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find $p$ and $q$ in terms of $t$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Calculate the distance of $Q$ from $P$ when $t = 3$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Calculate the value of $t$ when $Q$ is due north of $P$.}\end{array}}
[16 marks, 19 minutes]

Q5 - ID: 7283

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A model boat $A$ moves on a lake with constant velocity $(-i + 6j) \, ms^{-1}$. } \qquad \\ \text{At time $t = 0$, $A$ is at the point with position vector $(6i - 12.5j) \, m$. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the speed of A,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the direction in which A is moving, giving your answer as a bearing.} \qquad \\ \text{At time $t = 0$, a second boat B is at the point with position vector $(-23i + 2j) \, m$.} \qquad \\ \text{Given that the velocity of B is $(3i + 4j) m s^{-1}$,} \qquad \\ \text{(c) show that A and B will collide at a point P and find the position vector of P.} \qquad \\ \text{Given instead that B has speed $7 \, m s^{-1}$ and moves in the direction of the vector $(3i + 4j)$,} \qquad \\ \text{(d) find the distance of B from P when $t = 10$ s.}\end{array}}

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Q6 - ID: 7297

[15 marks, 18 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A ship S is moving with constant velocity $(-2.6i + 7j) \, km h^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{At time 1200, the position vector of S relative to a fixed origin O is $(18i + 3j) \, km$. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the speed of S,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the bearing on which S is moving.} \qquad \\ \text{The ship is heading directly towards a submerged rock R. A radar tracking station calculates} \qquad \\ \text{that, if S continues on the same course with the same speed, it will hit R at the time 1500.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the position vector of R. } \qquad \\ \text{The tracking station warns the ships captain of the situation. The captain maintains S on its} \qquad \\ \text{course with the same speed until the time is 1400. He then changes course so that S moves} \qquad \\ \text{due north at a constant speed of $5 \, km h^{-1}$. Assuming that S continues to move with this new} \qquad \\ \text{constant velocity, find} \qquad \\ \text{(d) an expression for the position vector of the ship t hours after 1400,} \qquad \\ \text{(e) the time when S will be due east of R,} \qquad \\ \text{(f) the distance of S from R at the time 1600.}\end{array}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

Q7 - ID: 7282

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A boat B is moving with constant velocity. At noon, B is at the point} \qquad \\ \text{with position vector $(4i - 6j) \, km$ with respect to a fixed origin O. At 1430 on the} \qquad \\ \text{same day, B is at the point with position vector $(9i + 4j) \, km$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the velocity of B, giving your answer in the form $pi + qj$.} \qquad \\ \text{At time $t$ hours after noon, the position vector of B is $b \,km$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find, in terms of $t$, an expression for $b$.} \qquad \\ \text{Another boat C is also moving with constant velocity. The position vector of C, $c \, km$,} \qquad \\ \text{at time $t$ hours after noon, is given by $c = (-6i + 24j) + t(4i + \lambda j)$, where $\lambda$ is a constant.} \qquad \\ \text{Given that C intercepts B,} \qquad \\ \text{(c) find the value of $\lambda$,} \qquad \\ \text{(d) show that, before C intercepts B, the boats are moving with the same speed.}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q8 - ID: 7420

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{An aeroplane flies in air that is moving due east at a speed of $V \,m s^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{The velocity of the aeroplane relative to the air is $133\, ms^{-1}$ due north.} \qquad \\ \text{The aeroplane actually travels on a bearing of $033$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that V = $86.4 \, m s^{-1}$, correct to three significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the magnitude of the resultant velocity of the aeroplane.}\end{array}}

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Q9 - ID: 7772

[9 marks, 11 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A girl in a boat is rowing across a river, in which the water is flowing} \qquad \\ \text{at $s =0.3 \, ms^{-1}$ . The velocity of the boat relative to the water is} \qquad \\ \text{$V =0.6 \, ms^{-1}$ and is perpendicular to the bank, as shown in the diagram.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the magnitude of the resultant velocity of the boat.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the acute angle between the resultant velocity and the bank.} \qquad \\ \text{The width of the river is $17$ metres.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the time that it takes the boat to cross the river.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the total distance travelled by the boat as it crosses the river.}\end{array}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

Q10 - ID: 2888

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P is moving with constant velocity $(-3 \underline{i} + 6 \underline{j}) \, m s^{-1}$. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the speed of P,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the direction of motion of P, giving your answer as a bearing.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{At time $t = 0$, P is at the point A with position vector $(8\underline{i} 12\underline{j}) m$ relative to a fixed origin O. } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{When $t = 2\, s$, the velocity of P changes and it moves with velocity $(u\underline{i} + v\underline{j}) m s^{1}$, where} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$u$ and $v$ are constants. After a further $2\, s$, it passes through O and continues to move with} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{velocity $(u\underline{i} + v\underline{j}) m s^{1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the values of $u$ and $v$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) Find the total time taken for P to move from A to a position which is due south of A.}\end{array}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

Q11 - ID: 7302

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The velocity of a ship, relative to the water in which it is moving,} \qquad \\ \text{is $9 ms^{-1}$ due north. The water is moving due east with a speed of $U \, ms^{-1}$ .} \qquad \\ \text{The resultant velocity of the ship has magnitude $11 ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find $U$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the direction of the resultant velocity of the ship. } \qquad \\ \text{Give your answer as a bearing to the nearest degree.}\end{array}}

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Q12 - ID: 7311

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{An aeroplane is travelling due north at $192\, ms^{-1}$ relative to the air.} \qquad \\ \text{The air is moving north-west at $54\, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the magnitude of the resultant velocity of the aeroplane.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the direction of the resultant velocity, giving your answer} \qquad \\ \text{as a three-figure bearing to the nearest degree.}\end{array}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

Q13 - ID: 6978

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A hiker H is walking with constant velocity $(1.2i - 0.9j) m s^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the speed of H.} \qquad \\ \text{A horizontal field OABC is rectangular with OA due east and OC due north, as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{At twelve noon hiker H is at the point Y with position vector $98j \, m$, relative to the fixed origin O.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Write down the position vector of H at time $t$ seconds after noon.} \qquad \\ \text{At noon, another hiker K is at the point with position vector $(8i + 42j) \, m$. Hiker K is} \qquad \\ \text{moving with constant velocity $(0.8i + 1.9j) \, m s^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Show that, at time t seconds after noon, $\vec{HK} = [(8 - 0.4t)i + (-56 + 2.8t)j]$ metres.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Hence show that the two hikers meet and find the position vector of the point where they meet.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q14 - ID: 7327

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A boat is travelling in water that is moving north-east at a speed of $5\, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{The velocity of the boat relative to the water is $4\, ms^{-1}$ due west.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the magnitude of the resultant velocity of the boat is $3.57ms^{-1}$,} \qquad \\ \text{correct to 3 significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the bearing of the direction the boat is travelling, giving your answer} \qquad \\ \text{to the nearest degree.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q15 - ID: 7766

\text{(c) Find $\alpha$.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A river has parallel banks which are $12$ metres apart. The water in the river flows at $s = 1.7\, ms^{-1}$ } \qquad \\ \text{parallel to the banks. A boat sets off from one bank at the point A and travels perpendicular to} \qquad \\ \text{the bank so that it reaches the point B, which is directly opposite the point A. It takes } \qquad \\ \text{the boat $10$ seconds to cross the river. The velocity of the boat relative to the water has} \qquad \\ \text{magnitude $V \, ms^{-1}$ and is at an angle $\alpha$ to the bank, as shown in the diagram.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the magnitude of the resultant velocity of the boat is $1.2 \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find $V$.} \qquad \\

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Q16 - ID: 7270

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A ship S is moving along a straight line with constant velocity.} \qquad \\ \text{At time $t$ hours the position vector of S is $s$ km.} \qquad \\ \text{When $t = 0, s = 7i - 7j$. When $t = 5, s = 17i + 8j$. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the speed of S,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the direction in which S is moving, giving your answer as a bearing.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Show that $s = (2t + 7) i + (3t - 7) j$.} \qquad \\ \text{A lighthouse L is located at the point with position vector $(15i + 6j)$ km.} \qquad \\ \text{When $t = T$, the ship S is $12$ km from L.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the possible values of $T$.}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q17 - ID: 949

$3\, N$.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two forces, of magnitudes $3 \, N$ and $3\, N$, act on a particle in} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the directions shown in the diagram.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Calculate the magnitude of the resultant force on the particle} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and the angle between this resultant force and the horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{force of magnitude

Q18 - ID: 481

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle is in equilibrium under the action of three coplanar forces. } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The three forces have magnitudes $1.1\, N, 2.3\, N$ and $c\, N$. } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Calculate} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the value to 1 decimal place of $\theta$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the value to 2 decimal places of $c$.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q19 - ID: 3157

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two forces $P$ and $Q$ act on a particle. The force $P$ has magnitude $5 \,N$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and acts due north. The resultant of $P$ and $Q$ is a force of magnitude $13\, N$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{acting in a direction with bearing 122. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the magnitude of $Q$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the direction of $Q$, giving your answer as a bearing.}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q20 - ID: 2911

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The diagram shows four forces in equilibrium.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \qquad \text{$X=26, Y = 125, \theta=63$ } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the value of $P$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Hence find the value of $Q$.}\end{array}}

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Q21 - ID: 4579

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two horizontal forces P and Q act at the origin O of rectangular coordinates} \qquad \\ \text{Oxy (see diagram). The components of P in the x- and y-directions are $11\, N$} \qquad \\ \text{and $3\, N$ respectively. The components of Q in the x- and ydirections} \qquad \\ \text{are $-11\, N$ and $4\, N$ respectively.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Write down the components, in the x-and y-directions,of the resultant of P and Q.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Hence find the magnitude of this resultant, and the angle the resultant} \qquad \\ \text{makes with the positive x-axis.}\end{array}}

Q22 - ID: 7424

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The diagram shows three forces which act in the same plane and are} \qquad \\ \text{in equilibrium, where $a=3\, N$ and $b=2\, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find $F$} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find $\alpha$.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Force $F$ is $\pmatrix{2 \cr 4 \cr 5}\, N$ and force $G$ is $\pmatrix{-9 \cr 5 \cr 4}\, N$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the resultant of $F$ and $G$ and calculate its magnitude.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Forces $F$, $2G$ and $H$ act on a particle which is in equilibrium. Find $H$.}\end{array}}

Q23 - ID: 2906

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q24 - ID: 3303

[9 marks, 11 minutes]

\displaystyle \text{(b) the value of $X$.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two forces P and Q act on a particle. The force P has magnitude $10 \, N$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and the force Q has magnitude $X$ newtons. The angle between P and Q is $\theta = 153$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{as shown. The resultant of P and Q is R. Given that the angle between R and Q is $45$, find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the magnitude of R,} \qquad \\

Q25 - ID: 4577

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two horizontal forces P and Q act at a point O and are are} \qquad \\ \text{right angles to each other. P has magnitude $32 \, N$ and acts along a bearing of 090.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Q has magnitude $20$ newtons and acts along a bearing of 000.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Calculate the magnitude and bearing of the resultant of P and Q.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) A third force, R, is now applied at O. The three forces, P, Q and R are in equilibrium.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{State the magnitude of R and give the bearing along which it acts.}\end{array}}
14/02/2013 21:43

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Q26 - ID: 5458

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array} \displaystyle \text{A particle has position vector $r$, where $r=9\underline{i} -2\underline{j}$.} \qquad \\ \qquad \text{(a) Calculate the magnitude of $r$ and its direction as a bearing.} \qquad \\ \qquad \text{(b) Write down the vector that has the same direction as $r$ and 6 times its magnitude.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q27 - ID: 7309

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The diagram shows three forces, where $a= 10, b = 13, c= 12$, and the perpendicular} \qquad \\ \text{unit vectors $i$ and $j$, which all lie in the same plane.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Express the resultant of the three forces in terms of $i$ and $j$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the magnitude of the resultant force. } \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the angle that the resultant force makes with the unit vector $i$.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q28 - ID: 7333

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two horizontal forces act at a point O. One force has magnitude $P =13 \, N$} \qquad \\ \text{and acts along bearing $000$.} \qquad \\ \text{The other force has magnitude $Q = 17 \, N$ and acts along bearing $\theta = 037$ (as shown).} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the magnitude of the resultant of the two forces has magnitude $28.5\, ms^{-1}$,} \qquad \\ \text{correct to 3 significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the bearing of the line of action of the resultant.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q29 - ID: 7394

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Three horizontal forces of magnitudes $a =8\, N$, $b = 10\, N$ and $c = 11\, N$ act} \qquad \\ \text{at a point in directions as shown in the diagram. Angle $ \theta = 27$} \qquad \\ \text{Find the magnitude of the resultant of these three forces and the angle between} \qquad \\ \text{the resultant and the $10\, N$ force.}\end{array}}

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Q30 - ID: 7408

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Three children each apply a force to a soft toy. The forces are of magnitude } \qquad \\ \text{$a= 6 \, N, b = 8 \,N$ and $P$ newtons and act as shown, where $\alpha = 63$ and $\beta = 53$.} \qquad \\ \text{The resultant of these 3 forces acts in a direction at $45$ below the line of action of P.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that $P = 3.13$} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the magnitude of the resultant.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle is acted upon by two forces $F_1$ and $F_2$ ,} \qquad \\ \text{given by $F_1 = (i - 3j) \, N, \, F_2 = ( pi + 7pj) \, N$, where $p$ is a positive constant.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the angle between $F_2$ and $j$ } \qquad \\ \text{The resultant of $F_1$ and $F_2$ is $R$. Given that $R$ is parallel to $i$,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) find the value of p.}\end{array}}

Q31 - ID: 6972

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q32 - ID: 7341

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Three horizontal forces act at the point O. One force has magnitude $a =6\, N$ and acts} \qquad \\ \text{along the positive y-axis. The second force has magnitude $b = 6\, N$ and acts} \qquad \\ \text{along the positive x-axis. The third force has magnitude $c = 5\, N$ and acts at} \qquad \\ \text{an angle of $28$ below the negative x-axis (see diagram).} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the magnitudes of the components of the $5\, N$ force along the two axes.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the magnitude of the resultant of the three forces. Calculate also the} \qquad \\ \text{angle the resultant makes with the positive x-axis.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q33 - ID: 1931

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car starts from rest at a point O and moves in a straight line.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The car moves with constant acceleration 4 m s}^{-2} \text{ until it passes} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the point A when it is moving with speed 14 m s}^{-1} \text{. It then} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{moves with constant acceleration 2 m s}^{-2} \text{ for 8 s until it} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{reaches the point B . Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the speed of the car at B,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the distance OB.}\end{array}}

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Q34 - ID: 1935

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{An aircraft moves along a straight horizontal runway with} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{constant acceleration. It passes a point A on the runway with} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{speed 12 m/s. It then passes the point B on the runway with} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{speed 38 m/s. The distance from A to B is 180m.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the acceleration of the aircraft.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the time taken by the aircraft in moving from A to B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the speed of the aircraft when it passes the point} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{mid-way between A and B.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q35 - ID: 1936

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A racing car moves along a straight horizontal road with} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{constant acceleration. It passes the point O with} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{speed 11 m/s. It passes the point A 4s later with} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{speed 56 m/s.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Show that the acceleration of the car is 11.25 ms}^{-2}.\\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the distance OA.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The point B is the mid-point of OA.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the speed of the car when it passes point B.}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q36 - ID: 7767

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle moves on a smooth horizontal plane. It is initially at the point A, with position} \qquad \\ \text{vector $(9i + 6j)\,m$, and has velocity $(-6i + 2j) \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{The particle moves with a constant acceleration of $(0.25i + 0.3j) \, ms^{-2}$ for $20$ seconds} \qquad \\ \text{until it reaches the point B.} \qquad \\ \text{The unit vectors i and j are directed east and north respectively.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the velocity of the particle at the point B.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the velocity of the particle when it is travelling due north.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the position vector of the point B.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the average velocity of the particle as it moves from A to B.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q37 - ID: 7352

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle is travelling in a straight line. Its velocity $v \, ms^{-1}$ at time $t$ seconds} \qquad \\ \text{is given by $v = 7 + 5t$ for $0 \leq t \leq 3$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Write down the initial velocity of the particle and find the acceleration for $0 \leq t \leq 3$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Write down the velocity of the particle when $t = 3$. Find the distance travelled} \qquad \\ \text{in the first $3$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{For $3 \leq t \leq 12$, the acceleration of the particle is $3 \, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the total distance travelled by the particle during the 12 seconds.}\end{array}}

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Q38 - ID: 6971

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Three posts P, Q and R, are fixed in that order at the side of a straight horizontal} \qquad \\ \text{road. The distance from P to Q is $41\, m$ and the distance from Q to R is $120 \,m$.} \qquad \\ \text{A car is moving along the road with constant acceleration $a \, m s^{-2}$. The speed of} \qquad \\ \text{the car, as it passes P, is $u \, m s^{-1}$. The car passes Q $2$ seconds after passing P,} \qquad \\ \text{and the car passes R $3$ seconds after passing Q. } \qquad \\ \text{Find the values of $u$ and $a$}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q39 - ID: 5039

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P moves with constant acceleration $(4\underline{i} 4\underline{j}) \, m s^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{At time $t = 0$, P has speed $u \, m s^{-1}$. At time $t = 2 \, s$, P has} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{velocity $(-7\underline{i} +5 \underline{j})\, m s^{-1}$. Find the value of $u$. }\end{array}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

Q40 - ID: 7313

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The unit vectors $i$ and $j$ are directed east and north respectively.} \qquad \\ \text{A helicopter moves horizontally with a constant acceleration of $(-0.3i + 0.3j)\, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{At time $t = 0$ , the helicopter is at the origin and has velocity $(15i) \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Write down an expression for the velocity of the helicopter at time $t$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the time when the helicopter is travelling due north.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find an expression for the position vector of the helicopter at time $t$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{When $t = 100$,} \qquad \\ \text{(d) show that the helicopter is due north of the origin;} \qquad \\ \text{(e) find the speed of the helicopter.}\end{array}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

Q41 - ID: 7307

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A Jet Ski is at the origin and is travelling due north at $8 \,ms^{-1}$ when} \qquad \\ \text{it begins to accelerate uniformly. After accelerating for 40 seconds, it is travelling due} \qquad \\ \text{east at $5 \,ms^{-1}$ . The unit vectors $i$ and $j$ are directed east and north respectively.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the acceleration of the Jet Ski is $(0.125i - 0.2j)\,ms^{-2}$. } \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the position vector of the Jet Ski at the end of the 40 second period.} \qquad \\ \text{The Jet Ski is travelling southeast $t$ seconds after it leaves the origin.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find $t$.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the velocity of the Jet Ski at this time.}\end{array}}

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Q42 - ID: 5461

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Particles P and Q move in the same straight line. Particle P starts from} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{rest and has a constant acceleration of $0.2\, ms^{-2}$ towards Q.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Particle Q starts $50\, m$ from P at the same time and has a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{constant speed of $4\, ms^{-1}$ away from P.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Write down expressions for the distances travelled by P and Q} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$t$ seconds after the start of the motion.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) How much time does it take P to catch up Q and how far does } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{P travel in this time?}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q43 - ID: 7774

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle is initially at the origin, where it has velocity $(7i 4j)\, ms^{-1}$. It moves with a} \qquad \\ \text{constant acceleration $a \, ms^{-2}$ for $10$ seconds to the point with position vector $75i$ metres.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that $a =(0.1i + 0.8j) \, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the position vector of the particle $8$ seconds after it has left the origin.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the position vector of the particle when it is travelling parallel to the unit vector $i$.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q44 - ID: 7769

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A motorcycle accelerates uniformly along a straight horizontal road so that,} \qquad \\ \text{when it has travelled $30$ metres, its velocity has increased from $14 \, ms^{-1}$ to $18 \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the acceleration of the motorcycle.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the time that it takes for the motorcycle to travel this distance.}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q45 - ID: 7421

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A boat is initially at the origin, heading due east at $2 \,m s^{-1}$. It then experiences a constant} \qquad \\ \text{acceleration of $(-0.4i + 0.29j) m s^{-2}$. The unit vectors $i$ and $j$ are directed east and north respectively.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) State the initial velocity of the boat as a vector.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find an expression for the velocity of the boat $t$ seconds after it has started to accelerate.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the value of $t$ when the boat is travelling due north.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the bearing of the boat from the origin when the boat is travelling due north.}\end{array}}

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Q46 - ID: 789

[10 marks, 12 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A train moves along a straight track with constant} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{acceleration. Three telegraph poles are set at equal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{intervals beside the track at points A, B and C,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{where $AB = 55 m$ and $BC = 55 m$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The front of the train passes A with speed $18ms^{-1}$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{ and $3 s$ later it passes B. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the acceleration of the train,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the speed of the front of the train when it passes C,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) the time that elapses from the instant the front of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the train passes B to the instant it passes C.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q47 - ID: 722

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{In taking off, an aircraft moves on a straight} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{runway $AB$ of length $1.8 km$. The aircraft moves} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{from $A$ with initial speed $2ms^{-1}$. It moves with} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{constant acceleration and $17 s$ later it leaves the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{runway at C with speed $75ms^{-1}$. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the acceleration of the aircraft,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the distance $BC$.}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q48 - ID: 1938

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car accelerates uniformly from rest to a speed of 20 ms}^{-1} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{in $T$ seconds. The car then travels at a constant speed } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of $20 ms^{-1}$ for $3T$ seconds and finally decelerates uniformly to} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{rest in a further $60s$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The total distance travelled by the car is $1160 m$. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the value of $T$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) The initial acceleration of the car.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q49 - ID: 1937

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car moves with constant acceleration along a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{straight horizontal road. The car passes the point A with} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{speed $6 ms^{-1}$ and 5 s later it passes the point B, where } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{AB = 54 m.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the acceleration of the car.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{When the car passes the point C, it has speed 30 ms}^{-1}.\\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the distance AC.}\end{array}}

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Q50 - ID: 1933

[9 marks, 11 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A train, T1, moves from rest at Station A with constant} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{acceleration $2 ms^{-2}$ until it reaches a speed of s=40 m/s.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{It maintains this constant speed for $t_c=120s$ before the brakes} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{are applied, which produce constant retardation 2 ms}^{-2}.\\ \displaystyle \text{The train T1 comes to rest at station B, as shown above left.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Show that the distance between A and B is 5600 m.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) A second train T2 takes 80 s to move form rest at A to} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{rest at B. Above right shows the speed-time graph illustrating} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{this journey. Explain briefly one way in which T1 's journey} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{differs from T2 's journey.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the greatest speed, in m/s, attained by T2 during} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{its journey.}\end{array}}

Q51 - ID: 1934

[9 marks, 11 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car of mass $1060 kg$ moves along a straight horizontal road. In order to } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{obey a speed restriction, the brakes of the car are applied for $2 \, s$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{reducing the cars speed from $33 \, ms^{-1}$ to $21\, ms^{-1}$. The brakes are then} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{released and the car continues at a constant speed of $21\, ms^{-1}$ for a } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{further $5\, s$. The diagram above shows a speed-time graph of the car during} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{this $7\, s$ interval. The graph consists of two straight line segments.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the total distance travelled.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Explain briefly how the speed-time graph shows that, when} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the brakes are applied, the car experiences a constant retarding force.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the magnitude of this retarding force.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q52 - ID: 448

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two trains, A and B, run on parallel straight tracks. Initially both} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{are at rest in a station and level with each other. At time $t = 0$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{A starts to move. It moves with constant acceleration for $16 s$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{up to a speed of $25 ms^{-1}$, and then moves at a constant speed of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$25 ms^{-1}$. Train B starts to move in the same direction as A when} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$t = 50 s$. It accelerates with the same initial acceleration as A,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{up to a speed of $50 ms^{-1}$. It then moves at a constant speed of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$50 ms^{-1}$. Train B overtakes A after both trains have reached} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{their maximum speed. Train B overtakes A when $t = T$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Find the value of $T$.}\end{array}}

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Q53 - ID: 7285

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The diagram shows the speed-time graph of a cyclist moving on a} \qquad \\ \text{straight road over a 5 s period. The sections of the graph from $t = 0$ to $t = 2$,} \qquad \\ \text{and from $t = 2$ to $t = 5$ are straight lines. The section from $t = 2$ to $t = 5$ is } \qquad \\ \text{parallel to the t-axis.} \qquad \\ \text{State what can be deduced about the motion of the cyclist from the fact that} \qquad \\ \qquad \text{(a) the graph from $t = 0$ to $t = 2$ is a straight line,} \qquad \\ \qquad \text{(b) the graph from $t = 2$ to $t = 5$ is parallel to the t-axis.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the distance travelled by the cyclist during this 5 s period.}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q54 - ID: 2912

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car passes a point A travelling at $14\,ms^{-1}$. Its motion over the next} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{ $49$ seconds is modelled as follows. The car's speed increases} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{uniformly from $14\,ms^{-1}$ to $33\,ms^{-1}$ over the first $14$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Its speed then increases uniformly to $45\,ms^{-1}$ over the next $16$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The car then maintains this speed for a further $19$ seconds at which time} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{it reaches the point B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Calculate the distance from A to B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) When it reaches the point B, the car is brought uniformly to rest in $T$ seconds. } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The total distance from A is now $2145.5 \, m$. Calculate the value of $T$.}\end{array}}

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Q55 - ID: 7277

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car is moving along a straight horizontal road. At time $t = 0$, the car } \qquad \\ \text{passes a point A with speed $23 m s^{-1}$. The car moves with constant speed $23 m s^{-1}$ } \qquad \\ \text{until $t = 14$ s. The car then decelerates uniformly for $15$ s. At time $t = 29$ s,} \qquad \\ \text{the speed of the car is $V \, m s^{-1}$ and this speed is maintained until the car} \qquad \\ \text{reaches the point B at time $t = 41$ s.} \qquad \\ \text{Given that AB = $709 \, m$, find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the value of $V$,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the deceleration of the car between $t = 14$ s and $t = 29$ s.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q56 - ID: 7423

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A lift rises vertically from rest with a constant acceleration. After $5$ seconds,} \qquad \\ \text{it is moving upwards with a velocity of $2 m s^{-1}$. It then moves with a constant} \qquad \\ \text{velocity for $6$ seconds. The lift then slows down uniformly, coming to rest after} \qquad \\ \text{it has been moving for a total of $13 seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Sketch a velocitytime graph for the motion of the lift.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the total distance travelled by the lift.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) The lift is raised by a single vertical cable. The mass of the lift is $340\, kg$.} \qquad \\ \text{Find the maximum tension in the cable during this motion.}\end{array}}

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Q57 - ID: 2885

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car moves along a horizontal straight road, passing two points A and B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{At A the speed of the car is $14 \, m s^{1}$. When the driver passes A,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{he sees a warning sign W ahead of him, $121 \, m$ away. He immediately applies} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the brakes and the car decelerates with uniform deceleration, reaching W } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with speed $7 \, m s^{1}$. At W, the driver sees that the road is clear. He then} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{immediately accelerates the car with uniform acceleration for $13 \, s$ to reach} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{a speed of $V m s^{1} (V > 14)$. He then maintains the car at a constant speed} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of $V m s^{1}$. Moving at this constant speed, the car passes B after a further $24 \, s$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the time taken for the car to move from A to B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The distance from A to B is $2 \, km$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the value of $V$.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q58 - ID: 2904

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A cyclist starts from rest and takes $8$ seconds to accelerate at a constant rate} \qquad \\ \text{up to a speed of $15\,ms^{-1}$. After travelling at this speed for $17$ seconds, the cyclist} \qquad \\ \text{then decelerates to rest at a constant rate over the next $5$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Sketch a velocity-time graph for the motion.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the distance travelled by the cyclist.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q59 - ID: 7308

motion.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array} \displaystyle \text{The diagram shows a velocitytime graph for a lift.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the distance travelled by the lift.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the acceleration of the lift during the first $2$ seconds of the motion.} \qquad \\ \text{The lift is raised by a single vertical cable. The mass of the lift is $380\, kg$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the tension in the cable during the first $2$ seconds of the

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Q60 - ID: 7331

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{An athlete runs from point A to point B and then back to point A.} \qquad \\ \text{The diagram shows the $(t,v)$ graph for the motion of the athelete.} \qquad \\ \text{The graph consists of three straight line segments.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Calculate the initial acceleration of the athlete.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the total distance the athlete runs.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Calculate the velocity of the athlete when $t=19$.}\end{array}}

Q61 - ID: 7387

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A train is travelling along a straight horizontal track. As the train passes point A,} \qquad \\ \text{its speed is $16\,ms^{-1}$ and immediately after passing point A, it decelerates} \qquad \\ \text{uniformly for $10 \, s$ until its speed is $13\,ms^{-1}$. The train then accelerates at $0.5\,ms^{-2}$} \qquad \\ \text{until it reaches a speed of $25\,ms^{-1}$. The train maintains the speed of $25\,ms^{-1}$ } \qquad \\ \text{ for the next $29 \, s$ at which time it passes the point B.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the time taken for the acceleration.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Draw a sketch of the velocity-time graph for the journey between A and B.}\end{array}}

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Q62 - ID: 7402

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A and B are two bus stops on a straight horizontal road. A bus passes A} \qquad \\ \text{travelling towards B at a constant velocity of $17\,ms^{-1}$. The bus continues} \qquad \\ \text{at this velocity for $T$ seconds. It then decelerates at a constant rate for the} \qquad \\ \text{next $12\, s$ until it comes to rest at B.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Sketch a velocitytime graph for the motion of the bus.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the deceleration of the bus.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find, in terms of $T$, the distance travelled by the bus.} \qquad \\ \text{$6 \, s$ after the bus passes A, a car leaves A and travels towards B. The car } \qquad \\ \text{moves from rest with a constant acceleration of $\frac{5}{2}\, ms^{-2}$ The car and bus} \qquad \\ \text{reach B at the same time.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the distance between A and B.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q63 - ID: 7315

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The graph shows how the velocity of a particle varies during a $35$ second} \qquad \\ \text{period as it moves forwards and then backwards along a straight line.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) State the times at which the velocity of the particle is zero.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Show that the particle moves a distance of $50\, m$ during the first $20$ seconds of its motion.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the total distance travelled by the particle during the $35$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the distance of the particle from its initial position after the $35$-second period.}\end{array}}

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Q64 - ID: 7353

[4 marks, 5 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The graph shows an acceleration-time graph modelling the motion of a particle.} \qquad \\ \text{At $t = 0$ the particle has a velocity of $6.5 ms^{-1}$ in the positive direction.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the velocity of the particle when $t = 1$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) At what time is the particle travelling in the negative direction with a speed of $6.5 ms^{-1}$ ?}\end{array}}

Q65 - ID: 7269

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{An athlete runs along a straight road. She starts from rest and moves with constant} \qquad \\ \text{acceleration for $9$ seconds, reaching a speed of $10 m s^{-1}$. This speed is then} \qquad \\ \text{maintained for $T$ seconds. She then decelerates at a constant rate until she stops.} \qquad \\ \text{She has run a total of $430 \, m$ in $81$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{Calculate the value of $T$.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A competitor makes a dive from a highboard into a diving pool. } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{She leaves the board vertically with a speed of 3 m/s upwards.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{When she leaves the board, she is 7 m above the surface of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the pool. The diver is modelled as a particle moving vertically } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{under gravity alone and it is assumed that she does not hit the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{springboard as she descends. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) her speed when she reaches the surface of the pool,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the time taken to reach the surface of the pool.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) State two physical characteristics which have been ignored} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{in the model.}\end{array}}

Q66 - ID: 1939

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

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Q67 - ID: 827

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A stone is thrown vertically upwards with speed} \qquad \\ \text{$17 m s^{-1}$ from a point $h$ metres above the ground.} \qquad \\ \text{The stone hits the ground $5 s$ later. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the value of $h$,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the speed of the stone as it hits the ground.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q68 - ID: 738

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A ball is projected vertically upwards with speed $22\,ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{from a point $A$, which is $1.2\,m$ above the ground. After} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{projection, the ball moves freely under gravity until it reaches } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the ground. Modelling the ball as a particle, find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the greatest height above $A$ reached by the ball,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the speed of the ball as it reaches the ground.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) the time between the instant when the ball is projected} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{from $A$ and the instant when the ball reaches the ground.}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q69 - ID: 7419

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A hot air balloon is at rest on the ground. When the balloon is released,} \qquad \\ \text{it rises to a height of $320$ metres in $79$ seconds. The balloon moves under} \qquad \\ \text{the action of its weight and a vertical lift force. Assume that the balloon} \qquad \\ \text{has a constant acceleration during this motion.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the acceleration of the balloon is $0.103 \,ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the speed of the balloon when it reaches a height of $320$ metres.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q70 - ID: 2884

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A firework rocket starts from rest at ground level and moves vertically.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{In the first $3\, s$ of its motion, the rocket rises $33\, m$. The rocket is modelled} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{as a particle moving with constant acceleration $a ms^{2}$. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the value of a,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the speed of the rocket $3\, s$ after it has left the ground.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{After $3\, s$, the rocket burns out. The motion of the rocket is now modelled} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{as that of a particlemoving freely under gravity.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the height of the rocket above the ground $6\, s$ after it has left the ground.}\end{array}}

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Q71 - ID: 3301

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{At time $t = 0$, a particle is projected vertically upwards with speed $u \, m s^{1}$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{from a point $11.1\, m$ above the ground. At time $T$ seconds, the particle hits} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the ground with speed $16\, ms^{1}$. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the value of $u$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the value of $T$.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q72 - ID: 7388

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A stone is projected vertically upwards from a point A at the top of a} \qquad \\ \text{tower $70\, m$ high. It reaches the highest point of its path after $2.3 \,s$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the speed of projection of the stone is $22.54 \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the height of the stone above A $5 \,s$ after projection.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Calculate the speed of the stone when it reaches the ground.}\end{array}}
[3 marks, 4 minutes]

Q73 - ID: 5040

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A small ball is projected vertically upwards from ground level} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with speed $u \, m s^{-1}$. The ball takes $20 \, s$ to return to ground level.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The maximum height of the ball above the ground during the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{first $20 \, s$ is $490 m$. Find the value of $u$.}\end{array}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

Q74 - ID: 7346

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Small parcels are being loaded onto a trolley. Initially the parcels } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{are $2.6 \, m$ above the trolley.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{A parcel is released from rest and falls vertically onto the trolley. Calculate} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the time taken for a parcel to fall onto the trolley,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the speed of a parcel when it strikes the trolley.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q75 - ID: 7357

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Small stones A and B are initially in the positions shown with B a} \qquad \\ \text{height $H \,m$ directly above A. At the instant when B is released} \qquad \\ \text{from rest, A is projected vertically upwards with a speed of $49 \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{Air resistance may be neglected. The stones collide $T$ seconds after} \qquad \\ \text{they begin to move. At this instant they have the same speed, $V \, ms^{-1}$,} \qquad \\ \text{and A is still rising. By considering when the speed of A upwards is} \qquad \\ \text{the same as the speed of B downwards, or otherwise, show that $T = 2.5$} \qquad \\ \text{and find the values of $V$ and $H$.}\end{array}}

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Q76 - ID: 1887

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle of weight $50N$ is held in equilibrium by two light inextensible} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{strings. One string is horizontal. The other string is inclined at an angle} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of $47$ to the horizontal, as shown. The tension in the horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{string is $Q$ newtons and the tension in the other string is $P$ newtons.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \text{(a) the value of $P$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \text{(b) The value of $Q$.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q77 - ID: 3052

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A tennis ball P is attached to one end of a light inextensible} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{string, the other end of the string being attached to a the top} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of a fixed vertical pole. A girl applies a horizontal force, $F$, of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{magnitude $60\, N$ to P , and P is in equilibrium under gravity} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with the string making an angle of $A=50 with the pole,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{as shown above.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{By modelling the ball as a particle find, to 3 significant figures,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the tension, $T$, in the string.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the weight, $W$, of P.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q78 - ID: 1910

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A particle P of weight 6 N is attached to one end of a light} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{inextensible string. The other end of the string is attached} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{to a fixed point. A horizontal force of magnitude F newtons} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is applied to P. The particle P is in equilibrium under gravity} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with the string making an angle A =40 degrees with the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{vertical, as shown above. Find, to 3 significant figures,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the tension, T, in the string.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the value of F.}\end{array}}

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Q79 - ID: 1913

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle of weight W newtons is attached at C to the ends of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{two light inextensible strings AC and BC. The other ends of the } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{strings are attached to two fixed points A and B on a horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{ceiling. The particle hangs in equilibrium with AC and BC } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{inclined to the horizontal at $30$ and $70$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{degrees respectively. Given that the tension in the string AC is } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{60 N, calculate} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the tension in BC, to 3 significant figures,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the value of W.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q80 - ID: 608

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A smooth bead $B$ is threaded on a light inextensible string. The ends of the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{string are attached to two fixed points $A$ and $C$ on the same horizontal level.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The bead is held in equilibrium by a horizontal force of magnitude $5N$ acting} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{parallel to $AC$. The bead is vertically below $C$ and $\angle BAC =30$. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \text{(a) the tension in the string,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \text{(b) the weight of the bead.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q81 - ID: 812

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle of weight $20N$ is held in equilibrium by two} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{light inextensible strings. One string is horizontal. } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The other string is inclined at an angle of $27$ to the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{horizontal, as shown. The tension in the horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{string is $Q$ newtons and the tension in the other string} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is $P$ newtons. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \text{(a) the value of $P$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \text{(b) The value of $Q$.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q82 - ID: 2957

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A sign, of mass $7\, kg$, is suspended from the ceiling of a supermarket by two} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{light strings. It hangs in equilibrium with each string making an angle } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of $\theta=45$ to the vertical. Model the sign as a particle.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) By resolving forces horizontally, show that the tension is the same in each string.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the tension in each string.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) If the
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tension in a string exceeds $38 \, N$, the string will break. Find the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{mass of the heaviest sign that could be suspended as shown.}\end{array}}

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Q83 - ID: 7276

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P is attached to one end of a light inextensible string. The other end of the string} \qquad \\ \text{is attached to a fixed point O. A horizontal force of magnitude $20\, N$ is applied to P.} \qquad \\ \text{The particle P is in equilibrium with the string taut and OP making an angle of $24$} \qquad \\ \text{with the downward vertical, as shown. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the tension in the string,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the weight of P.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P of mass $4\, kg$ lies on the surface of a smooth plane.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The plane is inclined at an angle of $\alpha=20$ to the horizontal. The particle is held in} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{equilibrium by a force of magnitude $56\, N$, acting at an angle $\theta$ to the plane, as shown.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The force acts in a vertical plane through a line of greatest slope of the plane.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Show that $\cos \theta = 0.24 $} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the normal reaction between P and the plane.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The direction of the force of magnitude $56\, N$ is now changed. It is now applied} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{horizontally to P so that P moves up the plane. The force again acts in a vertical plane} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{through a line of greatest slope of the plane.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the initial acceleration of P.}\end{array}}

Q84 - ID: 2886

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

Q85 - ID: 7303

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

BP.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle, of mass $6\, kg$, is suspended in equilibrium by two light strings, AP and BP .} \qquad \\ \text{The string AP makes an angle of $\theta = 32$ to the horizontal and the other string, BP,} \qquad \\ \text{is horizontal, as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the tension in the string AP is 78.4 N.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the tension in the horizontal string

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Q86 - ID: 7350

[17 marks, 20 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A box of mass $10\, kg$ is supported by a continuous light string ACB, that is} \qquad \\ \text{ fixed at A and B and passes through a smooth ring at C, as shown in Diagram 1.} \qquad \\ \text{The box is in equilibrium and the tension in the string section AC is $55\, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) What information in the question indicates that the tension in the string} \qquad \\ \text{section CB is also $55\, N$?} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Show that the string sections AC and CB are equally inclined (so that $\alpha = \beta$).} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Calculate the angle of the string sections AC and CB to the horizontal.} \qquad \\ \text{In a different situation, the same box is supported by two separate light strings} \qquad \\ \text{PC and CQ which are tied to the box at C. There is a horizontal force of $6\, N$} \qquad \\ \text{acting at C, angle $\alpha = 45$ and angle $\beta = 21$, as shown in Diagram 2.} \qquad \\ \text{The box is in equilibrium.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Calculate the tensions in the two strings.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q87 - ID: 7404

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{One end of a light inextensible string is attached to a fixed point P.} \qquad \\ \text{The other end of the string is attached to a conker C, mass $m \, kg$.} \qquad \\ \text{The conker is held in equilibrium by a force $F$ newtons inclined} \qquad \\ \text{at $\beta = 61$ to the vertical as shown. The string is inclined at $\alpha = 44$} \qquad \\ \text{to the vertical. The tension in the string is $0.2 \, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find $F$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find $m$.}\end{array}}

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Q88 - ID: 5484

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two forces, $(8i - 6j) \, N$ and $(pi + qj) \, N$, act on a particle P of mass $m$ kg.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The resultant of the two forces is $R$. Given that $R$ acts in a direction which} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is parallel to the vector $(i - 2j)$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) find the angle between $R$ and the vector $j$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) show that $2p + q + 10= 0$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Given also that $q = 2$ and that P moves with an acceleration of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{magnitude $6\sqrt{6} m s^{2}$, find the value of $m$.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q89 - ID: 7354

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The resultant of the force $\pmatrix{-5 \cr 11 } N$ and the force $F$ gives an object} \qquad \\ \text{of mass $6\, kg$ an acceleration of $\pmatrix{2 \cr 3 } ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Calculate $F$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the angle between $F$ and the vector $\pmatrix {0 \cr 1}$}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q90 - ID: 7271

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle of mass $m$ kg is attached at C to two light inextensible strings AC and BC.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The other ends of the strings are attached to two fixed points A and B on a horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{ceiling. The particle hangs in equilibrium with AC and BC inclined to the horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{at $29$ and $52$ degrees respectively.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Given that the tension in the string AC is 48 N, calculate} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the tension in BC, to 3 significant figures,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the value of $m$.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q91 - ID: 1888

\displaystyle{\begin{array} \displaystyle \text{A small parcel of mass W=5kg is held in equilibrium on a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{rough plane by the action of a horizontal force of magnitude} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{H=45 N acting in a vertical plane through a line of greatest} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{slope. The plane is inclined at an angle of }\alpha= \text{35 degrees to} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the horizontal, as shown above. The parcel is modelled as a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{particle. The parcel is on the point of moving up the slope.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the normal reaction, R, on the parcel.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the coefficient of friction between the parcel and the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{plane.}\end{array}}

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Q92 - ID: 1890

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A ring of mass 0.7 kg is threaded on a fixed, rough horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{curtain pole. A light inextensible string is attached to the ring.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The string and the pole lie in the same vertical plane. The ring} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is pulled downwards by the string which makes an angle $\alpha$ to} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the horizontal, where $\tan \alpha = \frac{3}{6}$, as shown above.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The tension, T, in the string is 2 N.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Find the coefficient of friction between the ring and the pole.}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q93 - ID: 1909

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A box of mass W=5kg lies on a rough plane inclined at an angle} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of $\alpha= 30$ degrees to the horizontal. The box is held in} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{equilibrium by means of a horizontal force H newtons. The line} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of action of the force is in the same vertical plane as a line of } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{greatest slope of the plane. The coefficient of friction between} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the box and the plane is 0.5. The box is modelled as a particle.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Given that the box is in limiting equilibrium and on the point of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{moving up the plane (as in diagram 1), find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the normal reaction exerted on the box by the plane.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the value of H.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The horizontal force is removed (diagram 2).} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Show that the box will now start to move down the plane.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q94 - ID: 1911

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A box of mass 1.6 kg is placed on a plane which is inclined at an} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{angle of A = 28 degrees to the horizontal. The coefficient of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{friction betwen the box and the plane is } \frac{1}{4}. \text{The box is kept in } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{equilibrium by a light string which lies in a vertical plane containing} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{a line of greatest slope of the plane. The string makes an angle of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{B = 19 degrees with the plane. The box is in limiting equilibrium} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and is about to move up the plane. The tension in the string is} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{T newtons. The box is modelled as a particle.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Find the value of T.}\end{array}}

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Q95 - ID: 1912

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A parcel of mass W=7kg lies on a rough plane inclined at an} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{angle of }\alpha \text{ degrees to the horizontal, where } \tan \alpha = \frac{3}{4} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The parcel is held in equilibrium by means of a horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{force H = 17 Ns. The force acts in a vertical plane through a line} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of greatest slope of the plane. The parcel is on the point of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{sliding down the plane.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Find the coefficient of friction between the parcel and the plane.}\end{array}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

Q96 - ID: 7284

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A parcel of weight $9\, N$ lies on a rough plane inclined at an angle of $\theta=31$} \qquad \\ \text{to the horizontal. A horizontal force of magnitude $F$ newtons acts on the parcel,} \qquad \\ \text{as shown. The parcel is in equilibrium and on the point of slipping up the plane.} \qquad \\ \text{The normal reaction of the plane on the parcel is $15\, N$. The coefficient} \qquad \\ \text{of friction between the parcel and the plane is $\mu$. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the value of $F$,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the value of $\mu$.} \qquad \\ \text{The horizontal force is removed.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Determine whether or not the parcel moves.}\end{array}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

Q97 - ID: 2915

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A block of weight $95\, N$is on a rough plane that is inclined at $\theta=30$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{to the horizontal. The block is in equilibrium with a horizontal force, $F$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of $38\, N$ acting on it, as shown above.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Calculate the frictional force acting on the block.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q98 - ID: 7273

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A box of mass $24 \, kg$ is being pulled along rough horizontal ground at a constant} \qquad \\ \text{speed using a rope. The rope makes an angle of $\alpha = 19$ with the ground, as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{The coefficient of friction between the box and the ground is $0.4$. The box is modelled} \qquad \\ \text {as a particle and the rope as a light, inextensible string. The tension in the rope is $P$ newtons.} \qquad \\ \text{Find the value of $P$.}\end{array}}

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Q99 - ID: 7280

[10 marks, 12 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A ring of mass 0.25 kg is threaded on a fixed, rough horizontal rod.} \qquad \\ \text{ The ring is pulled upwards by a light string which makes an} \qquad \\ \text{angle $\alpha = 44$ with the horizontal, as shown. The string and the rod} \qquad \\ \text{are in the same vertical plane. The tension in the string is $T = 1.2\, N$ and} \qquad \\ \text{the coefficient of friction between the ring and the rod is $\mu$. } \qquad \\ \text{is pulled downwards by the string which makes an angle $\alpha$ to} \qquad \\ \text{Given that the ring is in limiting equilibrium, find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the normal reaction between the ring and the rod,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the value of $\mu$.}\end{array}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

Q100 - ID: 3305

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A package of mass $5 \, kg$ lies on a rough plane inclined} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{at $\alpha = 30$ to the horizontal. The package is held in equilibrium by a force} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of magnitude $P =44 \, N$ acting at an angle of $\beta = 52$ to the plane, as shown. } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The force is acting in a vertical plane through a line of greatest slope} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of the plane. The package is in equilibrium on the point of moving up} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the plane. The package is modelled as a particle. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the magnitude of the normal reaction of the plane on the package,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the coefficient of friction between the plane and the package.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q101 - ID: 7334

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A particle P of weight $30 \, N$ rests on a horizontal plane. The particle is attached to} \qquad \\ \text{light strings making angles of $a = 35$ and $b = 60$ to the upward vertical, as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{The tension in each string is $17 \, N$ and the particle is in limiting equilibrium.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the magnitude and direction of the frictional force on P.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the coefficient of friction between P and the plane.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q102 - ID: 7397

box.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A box of mass $1.44 \, kg$ rests in equilibrium on a rough plane inclined} \qquad \\ \text{at $33$ to the horizontal as shown. The box is just about to slip} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{down the plane. Model the box as a particle.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the normal reaction between the plane and the box.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the coefficient of friction between the plane and the

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Q103 - ID: 5714

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A small package of mass $W=2.9\,kg$ is held in equilibrium on a} \qquad \\ \text{rough plane by a horizontal force.} \qquad \\ \text{The plane is inclined at angle $\alpha$ to the horizontal, where $\tan \alpha = \frac{3}{4}$} \qquad \\ \text{The force acts in a vertical plane containing a line of greatest slope} \qquad \\ \text{and has magnitude $H$ newtons, as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{The coefficient of friction between the package and the plane is $0.6$} \qquad \\ \text{and the package is modelled as a particle. The package is in equilibrium} \qquad \\ \text{and on the point of slipping down the plane.} \qquad \\ \text{All the forces acting on the package are shown.} \qquad \\ \text{a) Find the magnitude of the normal reaction $R$ between the package and the plane.} \qquad \\ \text{b) Find the value of $H$.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q104 - ID: 6975

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A small box of mass $16 \, kg$ rests on a rough horizontal plane.} \qquad \\ \text{The coefficient of friction between the box and the plane is $0.2$ .} \qquad \\ \text{A force of magnitude $P$ newtons is applied to the box at $\alpha = 38$ to} \qquad \\ \text{the horizontal, as shown in the diagram. The box is on the point of sliding} \qquad \\ \text{along the plane. Find the value of $P$, giving your answer to 2 significant figures.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q105 - ID: 7342

surface.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A block of mass $3 \, kg$ is placed on a horizontal surface.} \qquad \\ \text{A force of $P=20$ newtons is applied to the box at an angle of $\alpha = 30$ to} \qquad \\ \text{the horizontal, as shown in the diagram. } \qquad \\ \text{(a) Given that the surface is smooth, calculate the acceleration of the block.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Given instead that the block is in limiting equilibrium, calculate the} \qquad \\ \text{coefficient of friction between the block and the

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Q106 - ID: 1906

[13 marks, 16 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle, A, mass 3m, rests on a rough plane inclined at an} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{angle $\alpha$ to the horizontal, where $\tan \alpha = \frac{3}{4}$. The particle is} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{attached to one end of a light inextensible string which lies} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{in a line of greatest slope of the plane and passes over a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{small light smooth pulley P fixed at the top of the plane.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The other end of the string is attached to a particle B of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{mass 9m , and B hangs freely below P , as shown above.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The particles are released from rest with the string taut. The} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{particle B moves down with acceleration of magnitude $\frac{1}{2} g$ .} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the tension, T, in the string.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the coefficient of friction between A and the plane}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q107 - ID: 1907

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A suitcase of mass 8 kg slides down a ramp which is inclined} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{at an angle of $\alpha=17$ degrees to the horizontal. The suitcase is} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{modelled as a particle and the ramp as a rough plane. The top} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of the plane is A. The bottom of the plane is C and AC is the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{line of greatest slope. The point B is on AC with AB = 4 m.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The suitcase leaves A with a speed of is 9 m/s and passes B} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with a speed of 7 m/s. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the deceleration of the suitcase,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the coefficient of friction between the suitcase and the ramp.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The suitcase reaches the bottom of the ramp.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the greatest possible length of AC.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q108 - ID: 1908

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P of mass 3 kg is projected up a line of greatest} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{slope inclined at an angle of $ \alpha=35$ degrees to the horizontal.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The coefficient of friction between P and the plane is 0.5.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The initial speed of P is 6 m/s. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the frictional force acting on P as it moves up the plane,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the distance moved by P up the plane before P comes to} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{instantaneous rest.}\end{array}}

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Q109 - ID: 7288

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P of mass $0.4 \, kg$ is on a rough plane inclined at an angle $\theta$ to the} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal, where $\tan \theta = \frac{3}{4}$. The particle is held at rest on the plane by the} \qquad \\ \text{action of a force of magnitude $5\, N$ acting up the plane in a direction parallel to a line } \qquad \\ \text{of greatest slope of the plane, as shown. The particle is on the point of slipping up the plane.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the coefficient of friction between P and the plane.} \qquad \\ \text{The force of magnitude $5\, N$ is removed.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the acceleration of P down the plane.}\end{array}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

Q110 - ID: 374

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A box of mass $28\,kg$ is being pulled along rough horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{ground at a constant speed using a rope. The rope makes} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{an angle of $\alpha = 17$ with the ground. The coefficient of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{friction between the box and the ground is $0.3$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The box is modelled as a particle and the rope as a light} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{inextensible string. The tension in the rope is $P$ newtons.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \text{(a) Find the value of $P$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The tension in the rope is now increased to $110 N$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \text{(b) Find the acceleration of the box.}\end{array}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

Q111 - ID: 7305

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A block, of mass $13 \, kg$, is placed on a rough horizontal surface.} \qquad \\ \text{It is attached, by a light inextensible string that passes over a smooth peg,} \qquad \\ \text{to a particle of mass $4 \, kg$, which hangs freely, as shown in the diagram.} \qquad \\ \text{The coefficient of friction between the block and the surface is $0.1$.} \qquad \\ \text{The block and particle are released from rest and move with the string taut.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the magnitude of the friction force acting on the block.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Show that the acceleration of the system is $1.556\, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) The block is travelling at $1.8 \, ms^{-1}$ when it reaches the peg.} \qquad \\ \text{Find the distance that the block has travelled when it reaches the peg.}\end{array}}

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Q112 - ID: 7329

[16 marks, 19 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A block of weight $12.7\,N$ is at rest on a horizontal floor} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{A force of magnitude $4.1 \, N$ is applied to the block.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) The block is in limiting equilibrium when the $4.1 \, N$ force is applied } \qquad \\ \text{horizontally. Show that the coefficient of friction is $\frac{41}{127} $.} \qquad \\ \text{When the force of $4.1 \, N$ is applied at angle of $\alpha = 33$ above the horizontal,} \qquad \\ \text{as shown, the block moves across the floor.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the vertical component of the contact force between the floor } \qquad \\ \text{and the block, and the magnitude of the frictional force.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Calculate the acceleration of the block.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Calculate the magnitude of the frictional force acting on the block when} \qquad \\ \text{the $4.1 \, N$ force acts at $33$ to the upward vertical, justifying your answer fully.}\end{array}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

Q113 - ID: 7392

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{An object, of mass $5.2\, kg$, moves on a slope inclined at an angle $\alpha$ to} \qquad \\ \text{the horizontal, where $\sin \alpha =\frac{5}{13}$. The coefficient of friction between} \qquad \\ \text{the object and the slope is $\frac{1}{6}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) The object is sliding freely down a line of greatest slope. Find the} \qquad \\ \text{magnitude of the acceleration of the object.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) The object is being pulled up the slope at a constant speed by means} \qquad \\ \text{of a rope parallel to a line of greatest slope. Find the tension in the rope.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q114 - ID: 6974

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A small brick of mass $0.7\, kg$ is placed on a rough plane which is inclined to the} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal at an angle $\theta$, where $\tan \theta = \frac{4}{3}$, and released from rest. The coefficient of friction} \qquad \\ \text{between the brick and the plane is $\frac{1}{4}$. Find the acceleration of the brick.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q115 - ID: 7321

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A sledge of mass $10\, kg$ is at rest on a rough horizontal surface. A child tries to} \qquad \\ \text{ move the sledge by pushing it with a pole, as shown, but the sledge does not move. } \qquad \\ \text{The pole is at an angle of $\theta=30$ to the horizontal and exerts a force of} \qquad \\ \text{$P=37$ newtons on the sledge.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the normal reaction force between the sledge and the surface has} \qquad \\ \text{magnitude $116.5 \, N$} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the magnitude of the friction force that acts on the sledge.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the least possible value of the coefficient of friction between the sledge} \qquad \\ \text{and the surface.}\end{array}}

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Q116 - ID: 7347

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Parcels are often damaged when loaded onto a trolley, so a ramp is} \qquad \\ \text{constructed down which parcels can slide onto the trolley. The ramp makes an} \qquad \\ \text{angle of $\theta=57$ to the vertical, the distance $AB = 2.6\, m$ and the coefficient} \qquad \\ \text{of friction between the ramp and a parcel is $0.2$. A parcel of mass $2\, kg$ is released} \qquad \\ \text{from rest at the top of the ramp (see diagram). Calculate the speed of the parcel} \qquad \\ \text{after sliding down the ramp.}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q117 - ID: 7762

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The diagram shows a block, of mass $15\, kg$, being pulled along} \qquad \\ \text{a rough horizontal surface by a rope inclined at an angle of $\alpha = 31$ to the horizontal.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The coefficient of friction between the block and the surface is $\mu$. Model the block} \qquad \\ \text{as a particle which slides on the surface.} \qquad \\ \text{If the tension, $P$, in the rope is $54$ newtons, the block moves at a constant speed.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the magnitude of the normal reaction force acting on the block is $166 \, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find $\mu$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) If the rope remains at the same angle and the block accelerates at $0.8 \,ms^{-2}$, } \qquad \\ \text{find the tension in the rope.}\end{array}}
[15 marks, 18 minutes]

Q118 - ID: 7299

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle of mass $0.3\, kg$ is held at rest on a rough plane. The plane is inclined at $34$ to} \qquad \\ \text{the horizontal. The particle is released from rest and slides down a line of greatest slope of the} \qquad \\ \text{plane. The particle moves 2.7 m during the first 3 seconds of its motion. Find } \qquad \\ \text{(a) the acceleration of the particle,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the coefficient of friction between the particle and the plane.} \qquad \\ \text{The particle is now held on the same rough plane by a horizontal force of magnitude $X$ newtons,} \qquad \\ \text{acting in a plane containing a line of greatest slope of the plane, as shown. The particle} \qquad \\ \text{is in equilibrium and on the point of moving up the plane.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the value of $X$.}\end{array}}

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Q119 - ID: 411

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A truck, $A$, of mass $3\,tonnes$ moves on straight horizontal rails. It} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{collides with truck $B$ of mass $3\, tonnes$, which is moving on the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{same rails. Immediately before the collision, the speed of $A$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is $2\, ms^{-1}$ and the speed of B is $4\, ms^{-1}$ and the trucks are moving} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{towards each other. In the collision, the trucks couple to form a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{single body $C$, which continues to move on the rails.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the speed and direction of $C$ after the collision.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find, in Ns, the magnitude of the impulse exerted by $B$ on} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$A$ in the collision.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Immediately after the collision, a constant braking force of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{magnitude $210\, N$ is applied to $C$. It comes to rest in a distance} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$d$ metres. Find the value of $d$.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q120 - ID: 1949

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two small balls A and B have masses 0.8kg and 0.6kg} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{respectively. They are moving towards each other in opposite} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{directions on a smooth horizontal table when they collide} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{directly. Immediately before the collision, the speed of A is} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{5 m/s and the speed of B is 2.2 m/s. The speed of A} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{immediately after the collision is 1.9 m/s. The direction of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{motion of A is unchanged as a result of the collision.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{By modelling the balls as particles, find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the speed of B immediately after the collision,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the magnitude of the impulse exerted on B in the collision.}\end{array}}
[3 marks, 4 minutes]

Q121 - ID: 428

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A ball of mass $0.8kg$ is moving vertically with speed $9 ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{when it hits the floor which is smooth and horizontal. It rebounds} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{vertically from the floor with speed $6 ms^{-1}$. Find the magnitude} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of the impulse exerted by the floor on the ball.}\end{array}}

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Q122 - ID: 1950

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A railway truck, A, of mass 1900 kg is moving along a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{straight horizontal track with speed 6 m/s. It collides directly} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with a stationary truck B of mass 1000 kg on the same track.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{In the collision, A and B are coupled and move off together.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the speed of the trucks immediately after the collision.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{After the collision, the trucks experience a constant resistive} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{force of magnitude R newtons. They come to rest 8 s after the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{collision.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find R.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q123 - ID: 1951

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The masses of two particles A and B are $0.9kg$ and $m \, kg$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{respectively. The particles are moving on a smooth horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{table in opposite directions and collide directly. Immediately} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{before the collision the speed of A is $2 ms^{-1}$ and the speed of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{B is $2.4 ms^{-1}$. In the collision, the magnitude of the impulse} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{exerted by B on A is $1.2 Ns$. As a result of the collision the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{direction of motion of A is reversed.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the speed of A immediately after the collision,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The speed of B immediately after the collision is $0.3 ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the two possible values of $m$.}\end{array}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

Q124 - ID: 1952

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A railway truck, P, of mass 1800 kg is moving along a straight } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{horizontal track. The truck P collides with a truck Q of mass } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{2400 kg at point A. Immediately before the collision, P and Q} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{are moving in the same direction with speeds 11 m/s and 4 m/s } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{respectively. Immediately after the collision, the direction of motion} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of P is unchanged and its speed is 5 m/s.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{By modelling the trucks as particles,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) show that the speed of Q immediately after the collision is 8.5 m/s.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{After the collision at A, the truck P is acted upon by a constant braking} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{force of magnitude 500 N. The truck P comes to rest at the point B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the distance AB.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{After the collision Q continues to move with constant speed 9.1 m/s.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c Find the distance between P and Q at the instant when P comes to} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{rest.}\end{array}}

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Q125 - ID: 1954

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A railway truck, P, of mass 2200 kg is moving along a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{straight horizontal track with speed 9 m/s. The truck P collides} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with a truck Q of mass 2500 kg which is at rest on the same track.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Immediately after the collision Q moves with speed 4 m/s.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Calculate} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the speed P immediately after the collision.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the magnitude of the impulse exerted by P on Q during the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{collision.} \end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q126 - ID: 1956

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles A and B have mass 0.11kg and 0.1 kg} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{respectively. They are initially at rest on a smooth horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{table. Particle A is then given an impulse in the direction AB } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{so that it moves with speed 3 m/s directly towards B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the magnitude of this impulse, stating clearly the units.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Immediately after the particles collide, the speed of A is 1.8} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{m/s, its direction of motion being unchanged.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the speed of B immediately after the collision,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the magnitude of the impulse exerted on A in the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{collision.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q127 - ID: 804

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two small steel balls $A$ and $B$ have mass $0.6\,kg$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and $0.3\,kg$ respectively. They are moving towards} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{each other in opposite directions on a smooth horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{table when they collide directly. Immediately before the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{collision, the speed of $A$ is $6 \, ms^{-1}$ and the speed of $B$ is $5\,ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Immediately after the collision, the direction of motion of $A$ is} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{unchanged and the speed of $B$ is $2$ times the speed of $A$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the speed of $A$ immediately after the collision.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the magnitude of the impulse exerted on B in the collision,}\end{array}}

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Q128 - ID: 618

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles $A$ and $B$, of mass $2 kg$ and $4 kg$ respectively,} \qquad \\ \text{are moving in the same direction on a smooth horizontal} \qquad \\ \text{table when they collide directly. Immediately before the} \qquad \\ \text{collision, the speed of $A$ is $7 m s^{-1}$ and the speed of $B$ is} \qquad \\ \text{$1 m s^{-1}$. In the collision, the particles join to form a single particle $C$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the speed of $C$ immediately after the collision.} \qquad \\ \text{Two particles $P$ and $Q$ have mass $6 kg$ and $ m \,kg$ respectively.} \qquad \\ \text{They are moving towards each other in opposite directions} \qquad \\ \text{on a smooth horizontal table. Each particle has speed $5 m s^{-1}$,} \qquad \\ \text{when they collide directly. In this collision, the direction of} \qquad \\ \text{motion of each particle is reversed. The speed of $P$} \qquad \\ \text{immediately after the collision is $4 m s^{-1}$ and the speed of} \qquad \\ \text{$Q$ is $3 m s^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the value of $m$} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the magnitude of the impulse exerted on $Q$ in the collision.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q129 - ID: 763

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles $A$ and $B$ have mass $0.5\,kg$ and $0.2\,kg$ respectively.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{They are moving in opposite directions on a smooth horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{table and collide directly. Immediately before the collision, the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{speed of $A$ is $10 \, ms^{-1}$ and the speed of $B$ is $5\,ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{As a result of the collision, the direction of motion of $B$ is} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{reversed and its speed immediately after the collision} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is $5 \, ms^{-1}$. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the speed of $A$ immediately after the collision, stating} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{clearly whether the direction of motion of $A$ is changed by the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{collision,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the magnitude of the impulse exerted on B in the collision,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{stating clearly the units in which your answer is given.}\end{array}}

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Q130 - ID: 485

[10 marks, 12 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle $P$ of mass $0.5\,kg$ is moving with speed $u \, ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{in a straight line on a smooth horizontal surface.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The particle $P$ collides directly with a particle $Q$ of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{mass $0.6\,kg$, which is at rest on the table. Immediately } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{after the particles collide, $P$ has speed $6 \, ms^{-1}$ and $Q$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{has speed $4\,ms^{-1}$. The direction of motion of $P$ is reversed} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{by the collision. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \text{(a) the value of $u$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \text{(b) The magnitude of the impulse exerted by $P$ on $Q$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Immediately after the collision, a constant force of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{magnitude $R$ newtons is applied to $Q$ in the direction} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{directly opposite to the direction of motion of $Q$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{As a result $Q$ is brought to rest in $1.3\,s$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad \text{(c) Find the value of $R$.}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q131 - ID: 2956

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles, A and B, are moving on a smooth horizontal surface.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Particle A has mass $7 \, kg$ and velocity $\pmatrix{5 \\ -6} \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Particle B has mass $7 \, kg$ and velocity $\pmatrix{-6 \\ 5} \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The two particles collide, and they coalesce during the collision.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{in a straight line on a smooth horizontal surface.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the velocity of the combined particles after the collision.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the speed of the combined particles after the collision.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q132 - ID: 7274

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles A and B, of mass $0.3\, kg$ and $m \, kg$ respectively, are moving in} \qquad \\ \text{opposite directions along the same straight horizontal line so that the particles} \qquad \\ \text{collide directly. Immediately before the collision, the speeds of A and B are $9 m s^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{and $5 m s^{-1}$ respectively. In the collision the direction of motion of each particle is reversed} \qquad \\ \text{and, immediately after the collision, the speed of each particle is $3 m s^{-1}$. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the magnitude of the impulse exerted by B on A in the collision,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the value of $m$.}\end{array}}

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Q133 - ID: 7422

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles A and B have masses of $4\, kg$ and $2 \, kg$ respectively.} \qquad \\ \text{They are moving along a straight horizontal line towards each other.} \qquad \\ \text{Each particle is moving with a speed of $5 m s^{-1}$ when they collide.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) If the particles coalesce during the collision to form a single} \qquad \\ \text{particle, find the speed of the combined particle after the collision.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) If, after the collision, A moves in the same direction as before} \qquad \\ \text{the collision with speed $0.6 m s^{-1}$ , find the speed of B after the collision.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q134 - ID: 2883

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles $A$ and $B$ have masses $6\, kg$ and $m \, kg$ respectively. They are moving} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{towards each other in opposite directions on a smooth horizontal table when they} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{collide directly. Immediately before the collision, the speed of $A$ is $6 \, m s^{-1}$ and} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the speed of $B$ is $3 \, ms^{1}$. Immediately after the collision, the direction of motion} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of $A$ is unchanged and the speed of $A$ is $2 \, m s^{1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the magnitude of the impulse exerted on $A$ in the collision.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Immediately after the collision, the speed of $B$ is $3 \, ms^{1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the value of $m$.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q135 - ID: 3300

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles $A$ and $B$ have masses $0.9\, kg$ and $0.6 \, kg$ respectively. The particles are} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{initially at rest on a smooth horizontal table. Particle P is given an impulse of } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{magnitude $1.8 Ns $ in the direction AB.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the speed of A immediately before it collides with B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Immediately after the collision between A and B, the speed of B is $3 ms^{1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Show that immediately after the collision A is at rest.}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q136 - ID: 4576

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{An ice skater of mass $32\, kg$ is moving in a straight line with speed $4 ms^{1}$} \qquad \\ \text{ when she collides with a skater of mass $50 \, kg$ moving in the opposite direction} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{along the same straight line with speed $5 ms^{1}$. After the collision the} \qquad \\ \text{skaters move together with common speed in the same straight line.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Calculate their common speed and state their direction of motion.}\end{array}}

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Q137 - ID: 7304

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles, A and B, are moving on a horizontal plane when they collide} \qquad \\ \text{and coalesce to form a single particle.} \qquad \\ \text{The mass of A is $9 \, kg$ and the mass of B is $13 \, kg$.} \qquad \\ \text{Before the collision, the velocity of A is $\pmatrix{3U \cr U} \, ms^{-1}$ and} \qquad \\ \text{the velocity of B is $\pmatrix{V \cr -1} \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{After the collision, the velocity of the combined particle is $\pmatrix{V \cr -1} \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find $U$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find $V$.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q138 - ID: 7314

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles, A and B, are travelling towards each other along a straight horizontal line.} \qquad \\ \text{Particle A has velocity $5 \, ms^{-1}$ and mass $m \,kg$.} \qquad \\ \text{Particle B has velocity $-5 \, ms^{-1}$ and mass $2 \,kg$.} \qquad \\ \text{The particles collide.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) If the particles move in opposite directions after the collision, each with speed $0.3 \, ms^{-1}$,} \qquad \\ \text{find the value of $m$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) If the particles coalesce during the collision, forming a single particle which moves} \qquad \\ \text{with speed $0.3 \, ms^{-1}$ , find the two possible values of $m$.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q139 - ID: 7335

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A railway wagon, A, of mass $2600 \,kg$ and moving with speed $6 \, ms^{-1}$ collides} \qquad \\ \text{with railway wagon B of mass $3300 \,kg$ and moving towards A with speed $3 \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{Immediately after the collision the speeds of A and B are equal.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Given that after the collision the two wagons are moving in the same direction,} \qquad \\ \text{find their common speed. State which wagon has changed its direction of motion.} \qquad \\ \text{Given instead that the two wagons are moving with equal speeds in opposite directions} \qquad \\ \text{after the collision,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the speed of the wagons.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Calculate the change in momentum of A as a result of the collision.}\end{array}}

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Q140 - ID: 7401

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Shown is a nail of mass $47 \, g$ in a fixed block of wood. A hammer of mass $1.9 \, kg$} \qquad \\ \text{strikes the nail directly with a vertical speed of $5.6\, ms^{-1}$. The hammer does not} \qquad \\ \text{rebound from the nail.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the velocity of the combined hammer and nail immediately after impact.} \qquad \\ \text{The hammer and nail move together. The resistance to their motion is $1147 \, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find their acceleration.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find how far the hammer drives the nail into the block of wood.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q141 - ID: 7405

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two ice hockey pucks, P and Q, moe towards each other.} \qquad \\ \text{P has mass $3m \, kg$ and is travelling at $4u\, ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{Q has mass $4m \, kg$ and is travelling at $2u\, ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{P collides directly with Q. Immediately after the collision both pucks have} \qquad \\ \text{reversed their original directions of motion and P moves with a speed of $3u\, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find, in terms of $u$, the speed of Q after the collision.} \qquad \\ \text{P subsequently collides directly with the ice rink wall and rebounds with a} \qquad \\ \text{speed of $u \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find, in terms of m and u, the impulse exerted by the wall on P.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q142 - ID: 5679

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles A and B are moving on a smooth horizontal plane.} \qquad \\ \text{The mass of A is $km$, where $2 < k < 3$, and the mass of B is $m$.} \qquad \\ \text{ The particles are moving along the same straight line, but in opposite} \qquad \\ \text{directions, and they collide directly. Immediately before they collide the} \qquad \\ \text{speed of A is $2u$ and the speed of B is $3u$. As a result of the collision} \qquad \\ \text{the speed of A is halved and its direction of motion is reversed.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find, in terms of $k$ and $u$, the speed of B immediately after the collision.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) State whether the direction of motion of B changes as a result of the} \qquad \\ \text{collision, explaining your answer.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Given that $k = \frac{7}{3}$ , find, in terms of $m$ and $u$, the magnitude} \qquad \\ \text{of the impulse that A exerts on B in the collision.}\end{array}}

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Q143 - ID: 6973

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles A and B are moving on a smooth horizontal plane.} \qquad \\ \text{The mass of A is $4m$ and the mass of B is $m$. The particles are moving along} \qquad \\ \text{the same straight line but in opposite directions and they collide directly.} \qquad \\ \text{Immediately before they collide the speed of A is $3u$ and the speed of B is $3u$.} \qquad \\ \text{The magnitude of the impulse received by each particle in the collision is $\displaystyle \frac{9mu}{2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the speed of A immediately after the collision,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the speed of B immediately after the collision.}\end{array}}
[3 marks, 4 minutes]

Q144 - ID: 7316

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles A and B are traveling in the same direction with constant} \qquad \\ \text{speeds when they collide. Particle A has mass $2.2m$ and speed $12\, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{ Particle B has mass $1.8m$ and speed $3\, ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{After the collision the two particles move together at the same speed.} \qquad \\ \text{Find the speed of the particles after the collision,}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q145 - ID: 7339

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P of mass $0.5 \, kg$ is travelling with speed $6\, ms^{-1}$ on a smooth } \qquad \\ \text{horizontal plane towards a stationary particle Q of mass $m \,kg$ (see diagram).} \qquad \\ \text{The particles collide, and immediately after the collision P has speed $0.6\, ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{and Q has speed $3\, ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Given that both particles are moving in the same direction after the collision, calculate $m$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Given instead that the particles are moving in opposite directions after the collision, calculate $m$.}\end{array}}

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Q146 - ID: 7348

[12 marks, 14 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles P and Q have masses $0.8 \, kg$ and $0.3 \, kg$ respectively. P and Q are} \qquad \\ \text{simultaneously projected towards each other in the same straight line on a horizontal} \qquad \\ \text{surface with initial speeds of $9\, ms^{-1}$ and $0.9\, ms^{-1}$ respectively (see diagram).} \qquad \\ \text{Before P and Q collide the only horizontal force acting on each particle is friction} \qquad \\ \text{and each particle decelerates at $0.3\, ms^{-2}$ . The particles coalesce when they collide.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Given that P and Q collide $2 \, s$ after projection, calculate the speed of each} \qquad \\ \text{particle immediately before the collision, and the speed of the combined particle immediately} \qquad \\ \text{after the collision.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Given instead that P and Q collide $4 \, s$ after projection, calculate the distance between} \qquad \\ \text{the two particles at the instant when they are projected.}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q147 - ID: 7764

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles, A and B, are moving on a smooth horizontal surface when they collide.} \qquad \\ \text{During the collision, the two particles coalesce to form a single combined particle.} \qquad \\ \text{Particle A has mass $3 \, kg$ and particle B has mass $7 \, kg$. Before the collision, the velocity} \qquad \\ \text{of A is $\pmatrix{7 \cr -6} ms^{-1}$ and the velocity of B is $\pmatrix{-3 \cr 5} ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the velocity of the combined particle after the collision.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the speed of the combined particle after the collision. }\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q148 - ID: 7268

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle A of mass $3 \, kg$ is moving along a straight horizontal line with} \qquad \\ \text{speed $16 m s^{-1}$. Another particle B of mass $m \, kg$ is moving along the same} \qquad \\ \text{straight line, in the opposite direction to A, with speed $7 m s^{-1}$. The particles collide.} \qquad \\ \text{The direction of motion of A is unchanged by the collision. Immediately after the} \qquad \\ \text{collision, A is moving with speed $4 m s^{-1}$ and B is moving with speed $3 m s^{-1}$. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the magnitude of the impulse exerted by B on A in the collision,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the value of $m$.}\end{array}}

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Q149 - ID: 7300

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles, $A$ and $B$ have masses $7m \, kg$ and $km \, kg$ respectively, where $k < 7$.} \qquad \\ \text{The particles are connected by a light string that passes over a smooth light fixed pulley.} \qquad \\ \text{The system is held at rest with the string taut, the hanging parts of the string vertical and} \qquad \\ \text{with $A$ and $B$ at the same height above a horizontal floor, as shown. The system} \qquad \\ \text{is released from rest. After release, $A$ descends with acceleration $\frac{1}{4} g$ .} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the tension in the string as $A$ descends is $\frac{21}{4} mg$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the value of $k$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) State how you have used the information that the pulley is smooth.} \qquad \\ \text{After descending for $1 \, s$, the particle $A$ reaches the floor. It is} \qquad \\ \text{immediately brought to rest by the impact with the floor. The initial distance between $B$} \qquad \\ \text{and the pulley is such that, in the subsequent motion, $B$ does not reach the pulley.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the greatest height reached by $B$ above the floor.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q150 - ID: 7765

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car, of mass $1320\, kg$, is towing a trailer, of mass $580\, kg$. The two } \qquad \\ \text{vehicles accelerate together at $1.4\, m s^{-2}$ along a straight horizontal road.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the distance that the car and trailer would travel} \qquad \\ \text{while accelerating from rest to $10\, m s^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{A forward driving force, of magnitude $3730\, N$, acts on the car.} \qquad \\ \text{A resistance force, of magnitude $780\, N$, also acts on the car.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) A resistance force, of magnitude $P$ newtons, acts on the trailer. Find $P$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the magnitude of the force that the car exerts on the trailer.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q151 - ID: 7340

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A trailer of mass $480 \, kg$ is attached to a car of mass $1280 \, kg$ by a light rigid} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal tow-bar. The car and trailer are travelling along a horizontal straight road.} \qquad \\ \text{The resistance to motion of the trailer is $420 \, N$ and the resistance to motion of the car} \qquad \\ \text{is $890 \, N$. Find both the tension in the tow-bar and the driving force of the car in each} \qquad \\ \text{of the following cases.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) The car and trailer are travelling at constant speed.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) The car and trailer have acceleration $0.8 \, ms^{-2}$.}\end{array}}

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Q152 - ID: 7318

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles, A and B are connected by a string that passes over a fixed} \qquad \\ \text{pulley, as shown. The mass of A is $7 \, kg$ and the mass of B is $13 \, kg$. The particles} \qquad \\ \text{are released from rest in the position shown where B is $d$ m higher than A.} \qquad \\ \text{The motion of the particles is to be modelled using simple assumptions.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) State one assumption that should be made about the pulley.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) State two assumptions that should be made about the string.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) By forming an equation of motion for each of the particles A and B, show that the} \qquad \\ \text{acceleration of each particle has magnitude $ 2.94\, ms^{-2}$} \qquad \\ \text{When the particles have been moving for $0.6$ seconds they are at the same level.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the speed of the particles at this time.} \qquad \\ \text{(e) Find $d$.}\end{array}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

Q153 - ID: 6976

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car of mass $840 \, kg$ pulls a trailer of mass $160\, kg$ along a straight horizontal} \qquad \\ \text{road using a light towbar which is parallel to the road. The horizontal resistances} \qquad \\ \text{to motion of the car and the trailer have magnitudes $400\, N$ and $300\, N$ respectively.} \qquad \\ \text{The engine of the car produces a constant horizontal driving force on the car of} \qquad \\ \text{magnitude $1200\, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the acceleration of the car and trailer,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the magnitude of the tension in the towbar.} \qquad \\ \text{The car is moving along the road when the driver sees a hazard ahead. He reduces} \qquad \\ \text{the force produced by the engine to zero and applies the brakes. The brakes produce} \qquad \\ \text{a force on the car of magnitude $F$ newtons and the car and trailer decelerate. Given} \qquad \\ \text{that the resistances to motion are unchanged and the magnitude of the thrust in the} \qquad \\ \text{towbar is $110\, N$,} \qquad \\ \text{(c) find the value of $F$.}\end{array}}

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Q154 - ID: 5715

[16 marks, 19 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{One end of a light inextensible string is attached to a block P of mass $5\, kg$.} \qquad \\ \text{The block P is held at rest on a smooth fixed plane which is inclined to the} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal at an angle $\alpha$, where $\sin \alpha = \frac{3}{5}$. The string} \qquad \\ \text{lies along a line of greatest slope of the plane and passes over a smooth light} \qquad \\ \text{pulley which is fixed at the top of the plane. The other end of the string is} \qquad \\ \text{attached to a light scale pan which carries two blocks Q and R, with block Q} \qquad \\ \text{ on top of block R, as shown in the diagram. The mass of block Q is $7 \, kg$} \qquad \\ \text{and the mass of block R is $11 \, kg$. The scale pan hangs at rest} \qquad \\ \text{and the system is released from rest. By modelling the blocks as particles,} \qquad \\ \text{ignoring air resistance and assuming the motion is uninterrupted, find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the acceleration of the scale pan,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the tension in the string,} \qquad \\ \text{(c) the magnitude of the force exerted on block Q by block R,} \qquad \\ \text{(d) the magnitude of the force exerted on the pulley by the string.}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q155 - ID: 7407

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two blocks, P and Q, of mass $4 \, kg$ and $7 \, kg$ respectively are connected by a light inextensible} \qquad \\ \text{ string which passes over a smooth fixed pulley. The system is released from rest.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the acceleration of the blocks and the tension in the string.} \qquad \\ \text{The string is cut when the blocks are moving with a speed of $0.9 \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find how much further the $4 \, kg$ block ascends before coming to rest.}\end{array}}

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Q156 - ID: 7399

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A box, mass $m \, kg$, rests on a smooth horizontal table. It is attached to one end} \qquad \\ \text{of a light inextensible string. The string passes over a smooth pulley fixed at the} \qquad \\ \text{edge of the table. The other end of the string is attached to a second box, mass} \qquad \\ \text{$5 m \, kg$, which hangs vertically below the pulley as shown. The system is released from rest.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the acceleration of the boxes is $\displaystyle\frac{5g}{6}\,ms^{-2}$} \qquad \\ \text{At a certain instant the boxes have a speed of $u \, m s^{-1}$. $S$ seconds later the speed} \qquad \\ \text{of the boxes has doubled.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find $S$ in terms of $u$ and $g$.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q157 - ID: 7390

particle P and the tension in the string.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles P and Q, of mass $7 \, kg$ and $13 \, kg$ respectively, are connected} \qquad \\ \text{by a light inextensible string passing over a smooth light pulley, as shown} \qquad \\ \text{in the diagram. Initially, the particles are held at rest with the string taut.} \qquad \\ \text{The system is then released. Calculate the magnitude of the acceleration} \qquad \\ \text{of the

Q158 - ID: 7337

[16 marks, 19 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles $P$ and $Q$ are joined by a taut light inextensible string which is } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{parallel to a line of greatest slope on an inclined plane on which the particles} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{are initially held at rest. The string is $0.7 \, m$ long and the plane is inclined} \qquad \\ \text{at $\theta=45$ to the horizontal, as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{$P$ is below $Q$ and initially is $3\, m$ from the foot of the plane at $O$. } \qquad \\ \text{Each particle has mass $0.3 \, kg$. Contact between $P$ and the plane is smooth.} \qquad \\ \text{The coefficient of friction between $Q$ and the plane is $1$. The particles are} \qquad \\ \text{released from rest and begin to move down the plane.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the magnitude of the frictional force acting on $Q$ is $2.079\, N$ correct} \qquad \\ \text{to 4 significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Show that the particles accelerate at $3.465\, ms^{-2}$ correct to 4 significant figures and} \qquad \\ \text{calculate the tension in the string.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Calculate the speed of the particles at the instant when $Q$ reaches the} \qquad \\ \text{initial position of $P$.} \qquad \\ \text{At the instant when $Q$ reaches the initial position of $P$, $Q$ becomes detached} \qquad \\ \text{from the string and both particles travel independently to the foot of the plane.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Show that $Q$ descends at constant speed, and calculate the time interval} \qquad \\ \text{between the arrival of $P$ and the arrival of $Q$ at the foot of the plane.}\end{array}}

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Q159 - ID: 7330

[15 marks, 18 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Particles $P$ and $Q$ are attached to the ends of a light inextensible string.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The string passes over a smooth fized pulley. The particles are released} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with the string taut, and $P$ and $Q$ at the same height above an horizontal floor, as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{In the subsequent motion $P$ descends with constant acceleration $1.1 \,ms^{-2}$ and } \qquad \\ \text{strikes the floor $1.2 \, s$ after being released. It is given that $Q$ never reaches the pulley.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Calculate the distance $P$ moves before meeting the floor and the speed of $P$} \qquad \\ \text{immediately before striking the floor.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Show that $Q$ rises a further $0.089\, m$ after $P$ strikes the floor and calculate the total length} \qquad \\ \text{of time during which $Q$ is rising.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Before $P$ strikes the floor the tension in the string is $5.9 \, N$. Calculate the mass} \qquad \\ \text{of $P$ and the mass of $Q$.} \qquad \\ \text{The pulley has mass $0.3 \, kg$ and is held in position by a light vertical chain. Calculate the tension} \qquad \\ \text{in the chain} \qquad \\ \text{(d) immediately before $P$ strikes the floor.} \qquad \\ \text{(e) immediately after $P$ strikes the floor.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q160 - ID: 7310

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles, A and B, are connected by a light inextensible string, which passes } \qquad \\ \text{over a smooth peg. Particle A is on a rough horizontal surface and has mass $4\, kg$.} \qquad \\ \text{Particle B hangs freely, as shown in the diagram, and has mass $3\, kg$. The coefficient} \qquad \\ \text{of friction between A and the horizontal surface is $\mu$. The particles are released from} \qquad \\ \text{rest and move with a constant acceleration of magnitude $0.8 \, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the tension in the string.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the magnitude of the normal reaction force acting on A.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the magnitude of the friction force that acts on A.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find $\mu$.}\end{array}}

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Q161 - ID: 5555

[15 marks, 18 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles P and Q, of mass 3 kg and 2 kg respectively, are joined} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{by a light inextensible string. Initially the particles are at rest on a rough} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{horizontal plane with the string taut. A constant force $F$ of magnitude 30 N} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is applied to Q in the direction PQ, as shown. The force is applied} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{for 3 s and during this time Q travels a distance of 8 m. The coefficient of friction} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{between each particle and the plane is $\mu$ . Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the acceleration of Q,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the value of $\mu$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) the tension in the string.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) State how in your calculation you have used the information that the string is inextensible.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{When the particles have moved for 3 s, the force $F$ is removed.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(e) Find the time between the instant that the force is removed and the instant that Q comes to rest.}\end{array}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

Q162 - ID: 4578

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car is pulling a trailer along a straight road using a light tow-bar} \qquad \\ \text{which is parallel to the road. The masses of the car and trailer are } \qquad \\ \text{$900 \, kg$ and $250 \, kg$ respectively. The resistance to motion of the car is $600 \, N$ } \qquad \\ \text{and the resistance to motion of the trailer is $150 \, N$. The road} \qquad \\ \text{is horizontal and the pulling force exerted on the trailer is zero.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the acceleration of the trailer is $-0.6\, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the driving force exerted by the car.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the distance required to reduce the speed of the car and } \qquad \\ \text{trailer from $18 \, m s^{-1}$ to $15 \, m s^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{At another stage of the motion, the car and trailer are moving down a slope} \qquad \\ \text{inclined at $3$ to the horizontal. The resistance to motion of the car} \qquad \\ \text{and trailer are unchanged. The driving force exerted by the car is $980\, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the acceleration of the car and trailer.} \qquad \\ \text{(e) Find the pulling force exerted on the trailer.}\end{array}}

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Q163 - ID: 2907

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The diagram shows a block of mass $X = 11\, kg$ on a rough, horizontal plane.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{A light string is fixed to the block at A, passes over a smooth, fixed pulley B and is} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{attached at C to a sphere. The section of the string between the block and the pulley is} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{inclined at $\theta = 50$ to the horizontal and the section between the pulley and the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{sphere is vertical. The system is in equilibrium and the tension in the string is $58.9\, N$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) The sphere has a mass of $m \,kg$. Calculate the value of $m$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Calculate the frictional force acting on the block.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Calculate the normal reaction of the plane on the block.}\end{array}}
[15 marks, 18 minutes]

Q164 - ID: 2889

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles A and B, of mass $m$ and $2m$ respectively, are attached} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{to the ends of a light inextensible string. The particle A lies on a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{rough horizontal table. The string passes over a small smooth pulley} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{P fixed on the edge of the table. The particle B hangs freely below} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the pulley, as shown above. The coefficient of friction between} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{A and the table is $\mu$. The particles are released from rest with the string} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{taut. Immediately after release, the magnitude of the acceleration of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{A and B is $\frac{3}{8}\,g$. By writing down separate equations of motion for A and B,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) find the tension in the string immediately after the particles begin to move,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) show that $\mu = \frac{7}{8}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{When B has fallen a distance $h$, it hits the ground and does not rebound.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Particle A is then a distance $\frac{1}{2}h$ from P.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the speed of A as it reaches P.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) State how you have used the information that the string is light.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q165 - ID: 7770

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car, of mass $1500\, kg$, is towing a caravan, of mass $800\, kg$, along a straight} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal road. The caravan is connected to the car by a horizontal tow bar.} \qquad \\ \text{Resistance forces of magnitudes$340\, N$ and $800\, N$ act on the car and caravan} \qquad \\ \text{respectively. The acceleration of the car and caravan is $0.7\, ms^{-2}$ .} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the magnitude of the force that the car exerts on the caravan is $1360\, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the magnitude of the driving force produced by the cars engine.}\end{array}}

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Q166 - ID: 7281

[17 marks, 20 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles P and Q have mass $0.5 \, kg$ and $m \, kg$ respectively, where $m < 0.5$.} \qquad \\ \text{The particles are connected by a light inextensible string which passes over a smooth, fixed pulley. } \qquad \\ \text{Initially P is $2.113\, m$ above a horizontal floor. The particles are released from rest with the string } \qquad \\ \text{taut and the hanging parts of the string vertical, as shown. After P has been descending for $1.3\, s$,} \qquad \\ \text{it strikes the ground. Particle P reaches the floor before Q has reached the pulley.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the acceleration of P as it descends is $2.5m s^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the tension in the string as P descends.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Show that $m = 0.3$} \qquad \\ \text{(d) State how you have used the information that the string is inextensible.} \qquad \\ \text{When P strikes the floor, P does not rebound and the string becomes slack. Particle Q then} \qquad \\ \text{moves freely under gravity, without reaching the pulley, until the string becomes taut again.} \qquad \\ \text{(e) Find the time between the instant when P strikes the floor and the instant when the string} \qquad \\ \text{becomes taut again.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q167 - ID: 2958

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles, of masses $A =3.77 \, kg$ and $B =1.56 \, kg$, are connected by} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{a light string that passes over a smooth pulley. The particles are released} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{from rest with the strings vertical, as shown.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) By forming an equation of motion for each particle, show that the magnitude} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of the acceleration of each particle is $4.06m s^{-2}$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the tension in the string.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Initially the particles are at the same level. Find the speed of the heavier} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{particle when it is $3 \, m$ lower than the lighter particle. Assume that neither} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{particle hits the floor or the peg.}\end{array}}

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Q168 - ID: 2914

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two trolleys, A and B, each of mass $9700 \, kg$, are pulled along a straight,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{horizontal track by a constant, horizontal force of $P \, N$. The coupling between the trolleys} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is light and horizontal. The resistance to motion of trolley A is $R_A=650 \, n$ and} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of trolley B is $R_B=350 \, N$. The acceleration of the system is $0.6 \, ms^{2}$ in the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{direction of the pulling force of magnitude $P$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Calculate the value of $P$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Trolley A is now subjected to an extra resistive force of $2300 \, N$ while $P$ does not change.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Calculate the new acceleration of the trucks.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Calculate the force in the coupling between the trolleys.}\end{array}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

Q169 - ID: 2913

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The diagram shows a system in equilibrium. The rod is firmly attached to the floor} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and also to an object, P, mass = $18\, kg$. The light string is attached to P and passes over} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{a smooth pulley with an object Q, mass = $13\, kg$, hanging freely from its other end.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Why is the tension the same throughout the string?} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Calculate the force, $F$, in the rod, stating whether it is a tension or a thrust.}\end{array}}

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Q170 - ID: 530

[16 marks, 19 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The picture shows two particles $A$ and $B$, of mass $4\,kg$ and $4\,kg$ respectively, connected by} \qquad \\ \text{a light inextensible string. Initially $A$ is held at rest on a fixed smooth plane inclined at $\alpha = 30$} \qquad \\ \text{ to the horizontal. The string passes over a small smooth light pulley $P$ fixed at the top of the slope.} \qquad \\ \text{The part of the string from $A$ to $P$ is parallel to a line of greatest slope of the plane. The particle $B$ } \qquad \\ \text{hangs freely below $A$. The system is released from rest with the string taut.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Write down an equation of motion for $A$ and an equation of motion for $B$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Hence show that the acceleration of $B$ is $2.45 \, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the tension in the string.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) State where in your calculations you have used the information that the string is inextensible.} \qquad \\ \text{On release, $B$ is at a height of $0.5\,m$ above the ground.} \qquad \\ \text{When $B$ reaches the ground it is brought to rest immediately by the impact with the ground and does} \qquad \\ \text{not rebound. The initial distance of $A$ from $P$ is such that in the subsequent motion $A$ does not} \qquad \\ \text{reach $P$. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(e) the speed of $B$ as it reaches the ground.} \qquad \\ \text{(f) the time between the instant when $B$ reaches the ground and the instant when the string becomes } \qquad \\ \text{taut again.}\end{array}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

Q171 - ID: 7296

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car is towing a trailer along a straight horizontal road by means of a horizontal} \qquad \\ \text{tow-rope. The mass of the car is $1370 \, kg$. The mass of the trailer is $640\, kg$.} \qquad \\ \text{The car and the trailer are modelled as particles and the tow-rope as a light inextensible} \qquad \\ \text{string. The resistances to motion of the car and the trailer are assumed to be constant and} \qquad \\ \text{of magnitude $640\, N$ and $260\, N$ respectively. The driving force on the car, due to its engine,} \qquad \\ \text{is $2420\, N$. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the acceleration of the car,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the tension in the tow-rope.} \qquad \\ \text{When the car and trailer are moving at $12 \, ms^{-1}$, the tow-rope breaks. Assuming that} \qquad \\ \text{the driving force on the car and the resistances to motion are unchanged,} \qquad \\ \text{(c) find the distance moved by the car in the first $3 \, s$ after the tow-rope breaks.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) State how you have used the modelling assumption that the tow-rope is inextensible.}\end{array}}

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Q172 - ID: 3158

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A fixed wedge has two plane faces, each inclined at $\theta = 21$ to the horizontal. } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Two particles A and B, of mass $4m$ and $m$ respectively, are attached to the ends } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of a light inextensible string. Each particle moves on one of the plane faces of the wedge.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The string passes over a smooth light pulley fixed at the top of the wedge. The} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{face on which A moves is smooth. The face on which B moves is rough. The} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{coefficient of friction between B and this face is $\mu$. Particle A is held at rest with} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the string taut. The string lies in the same vertical plane as lines of greatest} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{slope on each plane face of the wedge, as shown.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The particles are released from rest and start to move. Particle A moves} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{downwards and particle B moves upwards. The accelerations of A and B each} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{have magnitude $\frac{1}{10} g$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) By considering the motion of A, find, in terms of m and g, the tension in the string.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) By considering the motion of B, find the value of $\mu$. } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the resultant force exerted by the string on the pulley, giving its} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{magnitude and direction.}\end{array}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

Q173 - ID: 1957

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car is being towed by a breakdown truck along a straight} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{horizontal road. The truck has mass 1000 kg and the car has} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{mass 900 kg. The truck is connected to the car by a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{horizontal rope which is modelled as light and inextensible.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The truck engine provides a constant driving force of 2200 Ns.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The resistance to motion of the truck and the car are modelled} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{as constant and of magnitude 800N and 300N respectively.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the acceleration of the truck and the car.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the tension in the rope.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{When the truck and car are moving at 19 m/s the rope breaks.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The truck engine provides the same driving force as before.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The magnitude of the resistance to the motion of the truck} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{remains 800N.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Show that the truck reaches a speed of 30 m/s approximately} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{11 s earlier than it would have done if the rope had not broken.}\end{array}}

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Q174 - ID: 1955

[16 marks, 19 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle A of mass 0.8 kg rests on a horizontal table and is} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{attached to one end of a light inextensible string. The string} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{passes over a smooth pulley P fixed at the edge of the table. The} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{other end of the string is attached to a particle B of mass 1.3 kg} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{which hangs freely below the pulley. The system is released from} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{rest with the string taut and B at a height of x = 4.5 m above the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{ground. In the subsequent motion A does not reach P before B} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{reaches the ground. In an initial model of the situation, the table is} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{assumed to be smooth. Using this model, find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the tension, T, in the string before B reaches the ground,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the time taken by B to reach the ground.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{In a refinement of the model, it is assumed that the table is rough} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and that the coefficient of friction between A and the table is } \frac{1}{5}.\\ \displaystyle \text{Using this refined model,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) find the time taken by B to reach the ground.}\end{array}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

Q175 - ID: 1953

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles A and B, of mass m kg and 3 kg respectively,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{are connected by a light inextensible string. The particle A} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is held resting on a smooth fixed plane inclined at }\alpha \text{= 25 degrees} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{to the horizontal. The string passes over a smooth pulley P} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{fixed at the top of the plane. The portion AP of the string lies} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{along a line of greatest slope of the plane and B hangs freely} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{from the pulley. The system is released from rest with B at the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{height of 0.2 m above horizontal ground. Immediately after} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{release, B descends with an acceleration of 0.4 g.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Given that A does not reach P, calculate} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the tension, T, in the string while B is descending.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the value of m.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The particle B strikes the ground and does not rebound. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) the magnitude of the impulse exerted by B on the ground.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) the time between the instant when B strikes the ground and} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the instant when A reaches its highest point.}\end{array}}

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Q176 - ID: 1889

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array} \displaystyle \text{Two particles A and B have masses $7m \, kg$ and $k m \,kg$, where $k > 7$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{They are connected by a light inextensible string which passes} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{over a smooth fixed pulley. The system is released form rest} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with the string taut and the hanging parts of the string vertical,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{as shown above. While the particles are moving freely, A has} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{an acceleration of magnitude $\frac{2}{4}\,g$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find, in terms of $m$ and $g$, the tension, $T$, in the string.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the value of $k$.}\end{array}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

Q177 - ID: 855

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P, of mass 5 kg moves under the action of two} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{constant forces $(6 \underline{i} + 2 \underline{j})N$ and $(3 \underline{i} 5\underline{j})N$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find in the form $(a\underline{i} +b\underline{j})N$, the resultant force $F$ acting on P.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find in degrees to 1 decimal place, the angle between $F$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and $\underline{j}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the acceleration of P, giving your answer as a vector.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The initial velocity of P is $(-4 \underline{i} + 3 \underline{j})ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) Find the speed of P after $3 s$.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q178 - ID: 892

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P, of mass $3 kg$ is moving under the action of a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{constant force $(3 \underline{i} - 9\underline{j})N$. Initially P has velocity $(2 \underline{i} + 3\underline{j})ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the magnitude of the acceleration of P.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the velocity of P in terms of $\underline{i}$ and $\underline{j}$ when P has been moving} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{for $4$ seconds.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q179 - ID: 509

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P, of mass $0.5\, kg$ is moving under the action of a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{constant force $F$ Newtons. Initially the velocity of P is $(7 \underline{i} - 28 \underline{j} ) \,ms^{-1}$ and} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$2\, s$ later the velocity of P is $(-11 \underline{i} + 18 \underline{j} )\,m^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find in terms of $i$ and $j$, the acceleration of P.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Calculate the magnitude of $F$.}\end{array}}

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Q180 - ID: 1948

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A ball is projected vertically upward with speed u m/s from a point A} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{which is 1 above the ground. The ball moves freely under gravity} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{until it reaches the ground. The greatest height attained by the ball} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is 25.5 m above A.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Show that u = 22.356} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The ball reaches the ground T seconds after it was projected from A.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find, to 2 decimal places, the value of T.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The ground is soft and the ball sinks 2.8 cm into the ground before} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{coming to rest. The mass of the ball is 1.1 kg. The ground is assumed} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{to exert a constant resistive force of magnitude F newtons.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find, to 3 significant figures, the value of F.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) State one physical factor which could be taken into account to} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{make the model used in this question more realistic.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q181 - ID: 712

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P of mass $6\,kg$ is moving under the action} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of a constant force $F$ newtons. When $t=0$, $P$ has} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{velocity $(3 \underline{i} + 8 \underline{j}) \, m s^{-1}$ and at time $t=2$, $P$ has velocity} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$(11 \underline{i} - 2 \underline{j}) m s^{-1}$. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the acceleration of $P$ in terms of $\underline{i}$ and $\underline{j}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the magnitude of $F$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) the velocity of $P$ at time $t=4\, s$.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q182 - ID: 2916

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A rock of mass $10 \, kg$ is acted on by just the two forces $-84 \underline{k}$ and} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$(-1 \underline{i} + 20 \underline{j}+ 67 \underline{k})$, where $\underline{i}$ and $\underline{j}$ are perpendicular unit vectors} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{in a horizontal plane and $\underline{k}$ is a unit vector vertically upward.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Show that the acceleration of the rock is $(-0.1 \underline{i} + 2 \underline{j}- 1.7 \underline{k}) \, ms^{-2}$ .} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The rock passes through the origin of position vectors, O, } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{with velocity $(2\underline{i} - 4\underline{j}+ 4\underline{k}) \,m s^{1}$ and $4$ seconds later passes through the point A.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the position vector of A.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the distance OA.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) Find the angle that OA makes with the horizontal.}\end{array}}

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Q183 - ID: 7773

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A trolley, of mass $102 \, kg$, rolls at a constant speed along a straight} \qquad \\ \text{line down a slope inclined at an angle of $6$ to the horizontal.} \qquad \\ \text{Assume that a constant resistance force, of magnitude $P$ newtons,} \qquad \\ \text{acts on the trolley as it moves. Model the trolley as a particle.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that $P=104.5\, N$, correct to three significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the acceleration of the trolley if it rolls down a slope inclined} \qquad \\ \text{at $8$ to the horizontal and experiences the same constant force of} \qquad \\ \text{magnitude $P$ that you found in part (a).} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Make one criticism of the assumption that the resistance force on the trolley is constant.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q184 - ID: 2905

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The force acting on a particle of mass $2\, kg$ is given by the vector $\pmatrix{10 \cr 9} \, N$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Give the acceleration of the particle as a vector.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Calculate the angle that the acceleration makes with the direction $\pmatrix{1 \cr 0}$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) At a certain point of its motion, the particle has a velocity of $\pmatrix{-4 \cr 6}\, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Calculate the displacement of the particle over the next $3$ seconds.}\end{array}}
[17 marks, 20 minutes]

Q185 - ID: 2909

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{(a) When the man is descending with an acceleration $1.6 \, ms^{-2}$ downwards, } \qquad \\ \text{how much time does it take for his speed to increase from $0.6\, ms^{-1}$ downwards} \qquad \\ \text{to $3.1\, ms^{-1}$ downwards? How far does he descend in this time?} \qquad \\ \text{The man has a mass of $79\, kg$. All resistances to motion may be neglected.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the tension in the wire when the man is being lowered (i) with} \qquad \\ \text{an acceleration of $1.6\, ms^{-2}$ downwards, (ii) with an acceleration of $1.6\, ms^{-2}$ upwards.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Subsequently, the man is raised and this situation is modelled with a} \qquad \\ \text{constant resistance of $123\, N$ to his upward motion. For safety reasons, the } \qquad \\ \text{tension in the wire should not exceed $2000\, N$. What is the maximum acceleration} \qquad \\ \text{allowed when the man is being raised?} \qquad \\ \text{At another stage of the rescue, the man has equipment of mass $12 \, kg$ at the bottom of} \qquad \\ \text{a vertical rope which is hanging from his waist. The man and his equipment are being} \qquad \\ \text{raised; the rope is light and inextensible and the tension in it is $75\, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Assuming that the resistance to the upward motion of the man is still $123\, N$ and that} \qquad \\ \text{there is negligible resistance to the motion of the equipment, calculate the tension in the wire.}\end{array}}

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Q186 - ID: 3302

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P of mass $0.2\, kg$ moves under the action of a single constant force $F$ newtons.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The acceleration of P is $(9i + 8j) \, m s^{2}$ . Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the angle between the acceleration and $i$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the magnitude of $F$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(At time $t$ seconds the velocity of P is $v \, ms^{1}$ . Given that when $t = 0, v = 10i 12j$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) find the velocity of P when $t = 6$.}\end{array}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

Q187 - ID: 4574

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A man of mass $73\, kg$ stands on the floor of a lift which is } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{moving with an upward acceleration of $0.5\, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Calculate the magnitude of the force exerted by the floor on the man.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q188 - ID: 5459

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Figure 1 shows a circular cylinder of mass 99kg being raised by a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{light inextensible vertical wire. There is negligible air resistance.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Calculate the acceleration in the cylinder when the tension in the wire is 1050N.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Calculate the tension in the wire when the cylinder has an upward acceleration of $0.6\, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The cylinder is now raised within a fixed vertical tube that prevents horizontal motion but} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{provides negligible resistance to the upward motion of the cylinder.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{When the wire is inclined at 21 to the vertical, as shown in Figure 2, the cylinder again} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{has an upward acceleration of $0.6\, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Calculate the new tension in the wire.}\end{array}}

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Q189 - ID: 5460

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{An object of mass 8 kg has a constant acceleration of $\pmatrix{-1 \cr 4} ms^{-2}$ for $0 \leq t \leq 6$ } \qquad \\ \text{where $t$ is the time in seconds.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Calculate the force acting on the object.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{When $t=0$ the object has position vector $\pmatrix{-3 \cr 4}$ and velocity $\pmatrix{4 \cr 4} ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the position vector of the object when $t=6$.}\end{array}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

Q190 - ID: 5462

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Boxes A and B slide on a smooth horizontal plane. Box A has} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{a mass of $6 \, kg$ and box B has a mass of $4 \, kg$. They} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{are connected by a light inextensible horizontal wire. Horizontal forces} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of $9 \, N$ and $130\, N$ act on A and B in the directions indicated.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Calculate the tension in the wire joining the blocks.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q191 - ID: 7301

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A crane is used to lift a crate, of mass $78 \, kg$, vertically upwards. } \qquad \\ \text{As the crate is lifted, it accelerates uniformly from rest, rising 11 metres in 4 seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the acceleration of the crate is $1.38\, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) The crate is attached to the crane by a single cable. Assume that there is no resistance} \qquad \\ \text{to the motion of the crate. Find the tension in the cable.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Calculate the average speed of the crate during these 5 seconds.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q192 - ID: 7332

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car, of mass $980 \, kg$, is travelling in a straight line on a horizontal road. } \qquad \\ \text{The driving force acting on the car is $690 \,N$, and a resisting force of $200\, N$ opposes the motion.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the acceleration of the car is $0.5\, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the time and the distance required for the speed of the car to increase from $8\, ms^{-1}$ to $13\, ms^{-1}$.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q193 - ID: 7389

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The mass of a lift is $440 \, kg$. When a man, of mass $71 \, kg$, is standing in the lift} \qquad \\ \text{and the tension in the cable is $4460 \,N$, the lift is descending with acceleration $a \,ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the value of $a$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Determine the reaction of the floor of the lift on the man.}\end{array}}

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Q194 - ID: 7403

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A car of mass $360 \, kg$ is travelling along a straight horizontal road. The engine of} \qquad \\ \text{the car exerts a force of $3090 \, N$. The total resistance to motion is $2390 \, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the acceleration of the car.} \qquad \\ \text{The car travels from A to B, a distance of $160 \, m$, in a time of $6 \, s$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the speed of the car at A.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the speed of the car at B.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q195 - ID: 7317

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A box of mass $2 \, kg$ is held at rest on a plane inclined at $38$ to the} \qquad \\ \text{ horizontal. The box is then released and slides down the plane.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) A simple model assumes that the only forces acting on the box} \qquad \\ \text{are its weight and the normal reaction from the plane. Show that,} \qquad \\ \text{according to this simple model, the acceleration of the box would} \qquad \\ \text{be $6\, ms^{-2}$, correct to 3 significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) In fact the box moves down the plane with constant acceleration} \qquad \\ \text{and travels $0.8$ metres in $1$ seconds. By using this} \qquad \\ \text{information, find the acceleration of the box.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Explain why the answer to (b) is less than the answer to (a).}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q196 - ID: 7326

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two forces, $P = (5i-5j)$ newtons and $Q=(-0.2i+45j)$ newtons, act on a particle.} \qquad \\ \text{The unit vectors $i$ and $j$ are perpendicular.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the resultant of $P$ and $Q$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the magnitude of the resultant of $P$ and $Q$.} \qquad \\ \text{When these two forces act on the particle, it has an acceleration of $(0.6i + 5j) \, ms^{-2}$} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the mass of the particle.} \qquad \\ \text{The particle was originally at rest at the origin.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find an expression for the position vector of the particle when the forces have been} \qquad \\ \text{applied to the particle for $t$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{Find the distance of the particle from the origin after the forces have been applied for 3 seconds.}\end{array}}

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Q197 - ID: 7356

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A man of mass $78 \, kg$ is standing in a lift. He is holding a parcel of mass $4 \, kg$} \qquad \\ \text{by means of a light inextensible string, as shown. The tension in the string is $48\, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the upward acceleration.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the reaction on the man of the lift floor.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{An explorer is trying to pull a loaded sledge of total mass $96\, kg$ along} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal ground using a light rope. The only resistance to motion of } \qquad \\ \text{the sledge is from friction between it and the ground. Initially she pulls} \qquad \\ \text{with a force of $P=122 \, N$ on the rope inclined at $\theta=31$ to the horizontal,} \qquad \\ \text{as shown, but the sledge does not move.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the frictional force between the ground and the sledge is $105\,N$,} \qquad \\ \text{correct to 3 significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the normal reaction of the ground on the sledge.} \qquad \\ \text{The sledge is given a small push to set it moving at $0.5 \, ms^{-1}$. The explorer} \qquad \\ \text{continues to pull on the rope with the same force and the same angle as before.} \qquad \\ \text{The frictional force is also unchanged.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Describe the subsequent motion of the sledge.} \qquad \\ \text{The explorer now pulls the rope, still at an angle of $31$ to the horizontal, so that} \qquad \\ \text{the tension in it is $169 \, N$. The frictional force is now $99 \, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Calculate the acceleration of the sledge.} \qquad \\ \text{In a new situation, there is no rope and the sledge slides down a uniformly rough} \qquad \\ \text{slope inclined at $24$ to the horizontal. The sledge starts from rest and reaches a} \qquad \\ \text{speed of $2 \, ms^{-1}$ in 1 seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{(e) Calculate the frictional force between the slope and the sledge.}\end{array}}

Q198 - ID: 7358

[15 marks, 18 minutes]

Q199 - ID: 7763

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A motorcycle and rider, of total mass $380 \, kg$, are accelerating in a} \qquad \\ \text{straight line along a horizontal road at $2.7 \, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the} \qquad \\ \text{motorcycle is 1026 N.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) A forward driving force of $P$ newtons together with a resistance} \qquad \\ \text{force of magnitude $370$ newtons act on the motorcycle. Find $P$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the time that it would take for the speed of the motorcycle} \qquad \\ \text{to increase from $10 \, ms^{-1}$ to $22 \, ms^{-1}$.}\end{array}}

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Q200 - ID: 746

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A uniform rod AB has weight $100N$ and length $9m$. It rests in a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{horizontal position on two smooth supports placed at C and D,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{where $AC=0.8m$ as shown above. The reaction on the rod at} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{C has magnitude $35N$. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the magnitude of the reaction on the rod at D.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the distance AD.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q201 - ID: 691

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A uniform plank AB has weight $80N$ and length $x\, m$. The plank} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{rests in equilibrium on two smooth supports placed at A and C,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{where $AC=3m$ as shown above. A rock of weight $20 N$ is} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{placed at B and the plank remains in equilibrium. The reaction} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{on the plank at C has magnitude $100N$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The plank is modelled as a rod and the rock as a particle.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the value of $x$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The support at A is now moved to a point D on the plank and} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the plank remains in equilibrium with the rock at B. The} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{reaction on the plank at C is now $4$ times the reaction at D.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the distance AD.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q202 - ID: 717

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A uniform plank AB has mass $45kg$ and length $7 m$. It is supported } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{in a horizontal position by two smooth pivots, one at the end A, the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{other at the point C of the plank where $AC=4m$. as shown above.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{A man of mass $90 kg$ stands on the plank which remains in} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{equilibrium. The magnitudes of the reactions at the two pivots} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{are each equal to $R$ newtons.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{By modelling the plank as a rod and the man as a particle, find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the value of $R$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the distance of the man from A.}\end{array}}

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Q203 - ID: 871

[10 marks, 12 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A uniform rod AB has length $6 m$ and weight $110 N$. The rod rests} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{in equilibrium in a horizontal position, smoothly supported at points} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{C and D, where AC = $0.7 m$ and $AD = 4 m$. A particle of weight W} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{newtons is attached to the rod at a point E where $AX = x\, m$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The rod remains in equilibrium and the magnitude of the reaction} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{at C is now $3$ times the magnitude of the reaction at D.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Show that W = } \frac{649}{ 6.1- 4x } \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Hence deduce the range of possible values of $x$.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q204 - ID: 3073

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A uniform plank AB has mass $11kg$ and length $7 m$. The beam rests} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{in equilibrium in a horizontal position, resting on two smooth supports.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{One support is at end A, the other at a point C on the beam, where $AC=5m$, as} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{shown. The beam is modelled as a uniform rod.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the reaction on the beam at C.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{A woman of mass $50kg$ stands on the beam at the point D. The beam remains} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{in equilibrium. The reactions on the beam at A and C are now equal.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the distance AD. }\end{array}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

Q205 - ID: 7295

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A steel girder AB has weight $213\, N$. It is held in equilibrium in a} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal position by two vertical cables. One cable is attached to the end A.} \qquad \\ \text{The other able is attached to the point C on the girder, where AC = $81 \, cm$,} \qquad \\ \text{as shown. The girder is modelled as a uniform rod, and the cables as light} \qquad \\ \text{inextensible strings. Given that the tension in the cable at C is 2 times the tension} \qquad \\ \text{in the cable at A,} \qquad \\ \text{(a) find the tension in the cable at A, } \qquad \\ \text{(b) show that AB = $108 \, cm$.} \qquad \\ \text{A small load of weight W newtons is attached to the girder at B. The load is} \qquad \\ \text{modelled as a particle. The girder remains in equilibrium in a horizontal position.} \qquad \\ \text{The tension in the cable at C is now 5 times the tension in the cable at A.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the value of W.}\end{array}}

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Q206 - ID: 3260

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\text{Find the tension in each rope.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A uniform plank AB has mass $36kg$ and length $5 m$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{It is supported in equilibrium in a horizontal position by two vertical} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{inextensible ropes. One of the ropes is attached to the plank at A and} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the other rope to the point C, where $BC = 2 \, m$, as shown.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle

Q207 - ID: 3269

[9 marks, 11 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A uniform plank is $18\,m$ long and has mass $15\, kg$ . It is placed on} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{horizontal ground at the edge of a vertical river bank, so that $5\,m$ of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the plank is projecting over the edge, as shown in the diagram.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) A woman of mass $52\,kg$ stands on the part of the plank which} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{projects over the river. Find the greatest distance from the river bank at which she can safely stand.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) The woman wishes to stand safely at the end of the plank which} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{projects over the river. Find the minimum mass which she should place} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{on the other end of the plank so that she can do this.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) State how you have used the fact that the plank is uniform in your solution.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) State one other modelling assumption which you have made.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q208 - ID: 7275

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A uniform rod AB has length $1.4 m$ and mass $9kg$. A particle of mass $m \, kg$ is} \qquad \\ \text{ attached to the rod at B. The rod is supported at the point C, where $AC=0.8m$,} \qquad \\ \text{and the system is in equilibrium with AB horizontal, as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that $m = 1.5$.} \qquad \\ \text{A particle of mass $3 kg$ is now attached to the rod at A and the support is moved from C to} \qquad \\ \text{a point D of the rod. The system, including both particles, is again in equilibrium with AB horizontal.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the distance AD.}\end{array}}

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Q209 - ID: 2887

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A beam AB has mass $11\, kg$ and length $4\, m$. It is held in equilibrium in a horizontal} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{position by two vertical ropes attached to the beam. One rope is attached to A, the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{other to the point C on the beam, where BC = $1.3\, m$, as shown. The beam} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is modelled as a uniform rod, and the ropes as light strings.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the tension in the rope at C.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the tension in the rope at A.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{A small load of mass $19\, kg$ is attached to the beam at a point which is $y$ metres from A. The load} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is modelled as a particle. Given that the beam remains in equilibrium in a horizontal position,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) find, in terms of $y$, an expression for the tension in the rope at C.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The rope at C will break if its tension exceeds $102\, N$. The rope at A cannot break.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) Find the range of possible positions on the beam where the load can be attached without } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the rope at C breaking.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q210 - ID: 3304

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A beam AB has mass $15\, kg$ and length $2.4\, m$. A load of mass $9\, kg$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is attached to the plank at the point C, where $AC = 0.5\, m$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The loaded plank is held in equilibrium, with AB horizontal, by two} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{vertical ropes, one attached at A and the other attached at B, as shown.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The plank is modelled as a uniform rod, the load as a particle and the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{ropes as light inextensible strings.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the tension in the rope attached at B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The plank is now modelled as a non-uniform rod. With the new model,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the tension in the rope attached at A is $8 \, N$ greater than the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{tension in the rope attached at B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the distance of the centre of mass of the plank from A.}\end{array}}

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Q211 - ID: 5713

[13 marks, 16 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A bench consists of a plank which is resting in a horizontal position} \qquad \\ \text{on two thin vertical legs. The plank is modelled as a uniform rod PS} \qquad \\ \text{of length $2.2\, m$ and mass $23\, kg$. The legs at Q and R are $0.5 \, m$ from} \qquad \\ \text{each end of the plank, as shown in the diagram.} \qquad \\ \text{Two pupils, Arthur and Beatrice, sit on the plank. Arthur has mass} \qquad \\ \text{$63\, kg$ and sits at the middle of the plank and Beatrice has mass $33\, kg$} \qquad \\ \text{and sits at the end P. The plank remains horizontal and in equilibrium.} \qquad \\ \text{By modelling the pupils as particles, find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the magnitude of the normal reaction between the plank and the leg at Q} \qquad \\ \text{and the magnitude of the normal reaction between the plank and the leg at R.} \qquad \\ \text{Beatrice stays sitting at P but Arthur now moves and sits on the plank at the} \qquad \\ \text{point X. Given that the plank remains horizontal and in equilibrium, and that the} \qquad \\ \text{magnitude of the normal reaction between the plank and the leg at Q is now twice} \qquad \\ \text{the magnitude of the normal reaction between the plank and the leg at R,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) find the distance QX.}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q212 - ID: 6977

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A beam AB is supported by two vertical ropes, which are attached to the beam at} \qquad \\ \text{points P and Q, where $AP = 0.2\, m$ and $BQ = 0.4\, m$. The beam is modelled as a uniform} \qquad \\ \text{rod, of length $2.5\, m$ and mass $26\, kg$. The ropes are modelled as light inextensible strings.} \qquad \\ \text{A gymnast of mass $59\, kg$ hangs on the beam between P and Q. The gymnast is modelled} \qquad \\ \text{as a particle attached to the beam at the point X, where $PX = x \, m, \, 0 < x < 1.4$ as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{The beam rests in equilibrium in a horizontal position.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the tension in the rope attached to the beam at P is $( 692.189-304.316x)\, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find, in terms of $x$, the tension in the rope attached to the beam at Q.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Hence find, justifying your answer carefully, the range of values of the tension which} \qquad \\ \text{could occur in each rope.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Given that the tension in the rope attached at Q is 2 times the tension in the rope} \qquad \\ \text{attached at P, find the value of $x$.}\end{array}}

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Q213 - ID: 7272

[10 marks, 12 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A pole AB has length $4\, m$ and weight $W \, N$. The pole is held in equilibrium in a} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal position by two vertical ropes attached to the pole at the points A and C where} \qquad \\ \text{AC = $2.8\, m$, as shown. A load of weight $22 \, N$ is attached to the rod at B. The beam} \qquad \\ \text{is modelled as a uniform rod, the ropes as light inextensible strings and the load as a particle.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the tension in the rope attached to the pole at C is $\left(\frac{5}{7}W + \frac{220}{7}\right) N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find, in terms of $W$, the tension in the rope attached to the pole at A.} \qquad \\ \text{Given that the tension in the rope attached to the pole at C is 10 times the tension in} \qquad \\ \text{the rope attached to the pole at A,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) find the value of $W$.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q214 - ID: 848

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A non-uniform plank of wood AB has length $10\, m$ and mass} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$100\, kg$. The plank is smoothly supported at its two ends A} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and B , with A and B at the same horizontal level. An object} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of mass $80\, kg$ is put on the plank at the point C , where} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$AC = 3\, m$, as shown above. The plank is in equilibrium and} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the magnitudes of the reactions on the plank at A and B are} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{equal. The plank is modelled as a non-uniform rod and the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{object as a particle. Find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) the magnitude of the reaction, $R$, on the plank at B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the distance, $x$, of the centre of mass of the plank from A.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q215 - ID: 922

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A seesaw consists of a beam $AB$ of length $3 m$ which is supported by a} \qquad \\ \text{smooth pivot at its centre $C$. Janet has mass $24 kg$ and sits on the end $A$.} \qquad \\ \text{John has mass $30 kg$ and sits at a distance $x$ metres from $C$. The beam is} \qquad \\ \text{initially modelled as a uniform rod. Using this model,} \qquad \\ \text{(a) find the value of $x$ for which the seesaw can rest in equilibrium in a} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal position.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) State what is implied by the modelling assumption that the beam is uniform.} \qquad \\ \text{John realises that the beam is not uniform as he finds he must sit at a} \qquad \\ \text{distance $1.5 m$ from $C$ for the seesaw to rest horizontally in equilibrium. } \qquad \\ \text{The beam is now modelled as a non uniform rod of mass $18 kg$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Using this model, find the distance of the centre of mass of the beam from $C$.}\end{array}}

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Q216 - ID: 414

[12 marks, 14 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A large log AB is $15 m$ long. It rests in a horizontal position on two smooth supports C} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and D, where $AC =4m$ and BD=4m, as shown above. An estimate of the weight of the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{log is needed, but the log is too heavy off both supports. When a force of magnitude $1700 N$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is applied vertically upward to the log at A, the log is about to tilt about D.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) State the value of the reaction on the log at C for this case.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Modelling the log as a uniform rod, estimate the weight of the log.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The force at A is removed and a force acting vertically upward is applied at B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The log is about to tilt about C when this force has magnitude $700N$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Modelling the log as a non-uniform rod, with the distance of the centre of mass} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of the log from C as $x$ metres, find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) a new estimate for the weight of the log,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) the value of $x$.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q217 - ID: 703

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A uniform plank AB has weight $140\,N$ and length $4\, m$. The plank} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{rests horizontally in equilibrium on two smooth supports $C$ and} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{$D$, where $AC=1\,m$ and $CD=x\, m$, as shown above.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The reaction of the support on the plank at $D$ has magnitude $80N$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Modelling the plank as a rod,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) show that $x=1.75$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{A rock is now placed at $B$ and the plank is on the point of tilting} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{about $D$. Modelling the rock as a particle, find} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the weight of the rock,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) the magnitude of the reaction of the support on the plank at $D$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) State how you have used the model of the rock as a particle.}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q218 - ID: 7395

greatest value of $x$ if equilibrium is maintained.}\end{array}}

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A uniform rod AB, of length $23\, cm$ and weight $10\, N$, is supported by two smooth} \qquad \\ \text{supports at P and Q, one on each side of its centre C, with $PC = CQ = 4 \,cm$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{as shown in the diagram. A body, of weight $7\, N$, is placed on the rod at a point } \qquad \\ \text{which is $x\, cm$ from the centre C of the rod. } \qquad \\ \text{Find the

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Q219 - ID: 7398

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Shown is a uniform horizontal wooden plank AB resting on two smooth} \qquad \\ \text{supports at P and Q. The plank has mass $m \,kg$ and length $4.4$ metres.} \qquad \\ \text{$AP = QB = 1 \,m$. A man of mass $76\, kg$ stands on the plank $0.7\, m$ from B.} \qquad \\ \text{The reaction at Q is $1018\, N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) By taking moments about P, show that $m = 36.755$.} \qquad \\ \text{The man then walks towards B.} \qquad \\ \text{(bi) Find the reaction at Q at the instant that the plank starts to tilt.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q220 - ID: 398

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P moves with constant acceleration (2 }\underline{i} \text{ - 5 } \underline{j}) \, m/s^2\\ \displaystyle \text{At time t its velocity is v m/s. When t = 0, v = (-2 } \underline{i} \text{ + 6 }\underline{j}). \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the value of t when P is moving parallel to the vector } \underline{i} .\\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the speed of P when t = 6.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) Find the angle between the vector } \underline{j} \text{ and the direction of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{motion of P when t = 6.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q221 - ID: 483

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A particle $P$ moves in a horizontal plane. At time $t$ seconds,} \qquad \\ \text{the position vector of $P$ is $r$ metres relative to a fixed origin $O$,} \qquad \\ \text{and $r$ is given by} \qquad \\ \qquad \qquad \text{$r = (15t - 4t^3)i + ct^2j.$} \qquad \\ \text{where $c$ is a positive constant. When $t = 1.5$, the speed} \qquad \\ \text{of $P$ is $20 m s^{-1}$. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the value of $c$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the acceleration of P when $t = 1.5$.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q222 - ID: 477

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A particle $P$ of mass $0.8kg$ is moving so that its position} \qquad \\ \text{vector $r$ metres at time $t$ seconds is given by} \qquad \\ \qquad \qquad \text{$r = (t^2 + 6t)i + (4t t^3)j.$} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Calculate the speed of $P$ when $t = 8$.} \qquad \\ \text{When $t = 8$, the particle $P$ is given an impulse $(8i - 8j) N s$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the velocity of $P$ immediately after the impulse.}\end{array}}

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Q223 - ID: 3262

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A particle has mass $820\, kg$. A single force of $(3280 i - 7380t j)$ newtons} \qquad \\ \text{acts on the particle at time $t$ seconds. No other forces act on the particle.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the acceleration of the particle at time $t$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) At time $t = 0$, the velocity of the particle is $(4 i + 33 j) m s^{-1}$. The velocity} \qquad \\ \text{of the particle at time $t$ is $v \,ms^{-1}$. Show that} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad v = (4+4 t)i + (33t -4.5t^2 )j\\ \text{(c) Initially, the particle is at the point with position vector $(3 i + 8 j) m$} \qquad \\ \text{Find the position vector, $r$ metres, of the particle at time $t$.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q224 - ID: 3525

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{At time $t$ seconds $(t \geq 0)$, a particle P has position vector $p$ metres, with respect} \qquad \\ \text{to a fixed origin O, where} \qquad \\ \qquad \qquad \text{$p = (6t^2 - 8t + 5)i + (3t ^3 - 4t)j.$} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the velocity of $P$ at time $t$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the value of $t$ when P is moving parallel to the vector $i$.} \qquad \\ \text{When $t = 5$, the particle P receives an impulse of $(2i 6j) \,N$. Given that the mass of P is $0.4 \,kg$,} \qquad \\ \text{(c) find the velocity of P immediately after the impulse.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q225 - ID: 569

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A vertical cliff is $73.5 m$ high. Two stones $A$ and $B$} \qquad \\ \text{are projected simultaneously. Stone $A$ is projected} \qquad \\ \text{horizontally from the top of the cliff with speed $20 m s^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{Stone $B$ is projected from the bottom of the cliff with} \qquad \\ \text{speed $25 m s^{-1}$ at an angle $\alpha$ above the horizontal.} \qquad \\ \text{The stones move freely under gravity in the same} \qquad \\ \text{vertical plane and collide in mid-air. } \qquad \\ \text{By considering the horizontal motion of each stone,} \qquad \\ \text{(a) prove that $\cos \alpha = \frac{4}{5} $.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the time which elapses between the instant} \qquad \\ \text{when the stones are projected and the instant when they collide.}\end{array}}

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Q226 - ID: 2959

[9 marks, 11 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A tennis ball is hit from a height of $h=2.2\, m$ above horizontal ground.} \qquad \\ \text{Initially it travels horizontally at a speed of $V=21\, ms^{-1}$ as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the time taken for the tennis ball to reach the ground is $0.67\, s$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the horizontal distance travelled by the ball when it hits the ground.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the angle between the velocity of the ball and the horizontal when the ball hits the ground.}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q227 - ID: 7771

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A cricket ball is hit from the floor of a sports hall, which has a height of $5$ metres.} \qquad \\ \text{The initial velocity of the ball is $23\, ms^{-1}$ at an angle of $63$ above the horizontal.} \qquad \\ \text{Assume that the cricket ball is a particle which moves only under the influence of gravity.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the ball hits the ceiling of the sports hall approximately 0.26 seconds after it was hit.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the horizontal distance travelled by the ball before it hits the ceiling.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the speed of the ball just before it hits the ceiling.}\end{array}}
[19 marks, 23 minutes]

Q228 - ID: 2910

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A firework is fired from a point O at ground level over horizontal ground. The highest} \qquad \\ \text{point reached by the firework is a horizontal distance of $x=60\, m$ from O and a vertical distance of} \qquad \\ \text{$y=40\, m$ from O, as shown. Air resistance is negligible. The initial horizontal component} \qquad \\ \text{of the velocity of the firework is $21\, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Calculate the time for the firework to reach its highest point and show that the initial vertical} \qquad \\ \text{component of its velocity is $28\, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Show that the firework is $28t - 4.9 t^2 \, m$ above the ground $t$ seconds after its projection.} \qquad \\ \text{When the firework is at its highest point it explodes into several parts. Two of the parts initially} \qquad \\ \text{continue to travel horizontally in the original direction, one with the original horizontal speed of} \qquad \\ \text{$21\, ms^{-1}$ and the other with a quarter of this speed.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) State why the two parts are always at the same height as one another above the ground and} \qquad \\ \text{hence find an expression in terms of $t$ for the distance between the parts t seconds after the explosion.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the distance between these parts of the firework when they reach the ground.} \qquad \\ \text{(e) Find the distance between these parts of the firework when they are $10 \, m$ off the ground.} \qquad \\ \text{(f) Show that the cartesian equation of the trajectory of the firework before it explodes is} \qquad \\ \text{$y = \frac{1}{441}(588x 4.9x^2)$, referred to the coordinate axes shown.}\end{array}}

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Q229 - ID: 5463

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{In this question take $g$ to be $10$.} \qquad \\ \text{A golf ball is hit from ground level over horizontal ground. The initial} \qquad \\ \text{velocity of the ball is $38\, ms^{-1}$ at an angle $\alpha$ to the horizontal, where} \qquad \\ \text{$\cos \alpha =0.6$ and $\sin \alpha=0.8$. Air resistance may be neglected.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find an expression for the height of the ball above the ground $t$ seconds after projection.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the horizontal range of the ball.}\end{array}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

Q230 - ID: 7306

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A pellet is fired from a window at a height of $5$ metres above horizontal ground.} \qquad \\ \text{Initially, the pellet travels at $59\,ms^{-1}$ at an angle of $10$ above the horizontal.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the time for which the pellet travels before it hits the ground is $2.5$ seconds,} \qquad \\ \text{correct to three significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the horizontal distance that the pellet travels before it hits the ground.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the minimum speed of the pellet during its flight.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the speed of the pellet when it hits the ground.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q231 - ID: 7312

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A ball is kicked so that it leaves a horizontal surface, at the point A, travelling at $18\,ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{and at an angle $\theta$ above the horizontal. The ball hits the surface again 3 seconds later, at the point B.} \qquad \\ \text{Assume that the ball is a particle that moves only under the influence of gravity.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that $\theta = 54.8$, correct to three significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the time for which the ball is more than 2 metres above the surface.}\end{array}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

Q232 - ID: 7328

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A cricket ball is hit at ground level on a horizontal surface. It moves initially at $26\,ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{and at an angle $59$ above the horizontal. } \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the maximum height of the ball during its flight.} \qquad \\ \text{The ball is caught when it is at a height of $h=2 \, m$ above ground level, as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Show that the time it takes for the ball to travel from the point where it was hit to the} \qquad \\ \text{point where it was caught is $4.46\,s$, correct to 3 significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the speed of the ball when it is caught.}\end{array}}

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Q233 - ID: 7355

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{Sandy is throwing a stone at a plum tree. The stone is thrown from a point O at a} \qquad \\ \text{speed of $22\,ms^{-1}$ at an angle of $\alpha$ to the horizontal, where $\cos \alpha = 0.82$. You are } \qquad \\ \text{given that, $t$ seconds after being thrown, the stone is $(9.8t - 4.9t^2)\,m$ higher than O.} \qquad \\ \text{When descending, the stone hits a plum which is $3.675\, m$ higher than O.} \qquad \\ \text{Air resistance should be neglected. Calculate the horizontal distance of the plum from O.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q234 - ID: 7768

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{An arrow is fired horizontally at a speed of $22 \, ms^{-1}$ from a point at a height of $h$ metres} \qquad \\ \text{above horizontal ground. The arrow hits the ground after it has been moving for $0.7$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{Model the arrow as a particle that moves only under the influence of gravity.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that $h = 2.4$, correct to three significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the horizontal distance travelled by the arrow during its flight.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the speed of the arrow and the direction in which it is moving when it hits the ground.}\end{array}}
[17 marks, 20 minutes]

Q235 - ID: 7686

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A particle P is projected from a fixed point O on horizontal ground with} \qquad \\ \text{velocity $u(i + cj) \, ms^{-1}$, where $c$ and $u$ are positive constants. The particle moves freely} \qquad \\ \text{under gravity until it strikes the ground at A, where it immediately comes to rest. Relative} \qquad \\ \text{to O, the position vector of a point on the path of P is $(xi + yj) \, m$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that $y = cx - \displaystyle \frac{4.9x^2}{u^2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{Given that $u = 7, OA = R \, m$ and the maximum vertical height of P above the ground is $H \, m$,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) using the result in part (a), or otherwise, find, in terms of $c$,} \qquad \\ \text{(i) $R$, (ii) $H$.} \qquad \\ \text{Given also that when P is at the point Q, the velocity of P is at right angles to its initial velocity,} \qquad \\ \text{(c) find, in terms of $c$, the value of $x$ at Q.}\end{array}}

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Q236 - ID: 3902

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{In an automobile crash-test,a car is accelerated from rest at $2 ms^{-2}$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{for 5 seconds and then decelerated at $4 m s^{-2}$ until it strikes a barrier.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The position function is: } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \qquad s(t) = \cases{t^2 & 0 \leq t < 5 \cr -2t^2 + At + B & t >5} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Assuming that both $s(t)$ and $s'(t)$ are continuous at $t = 5$, determine A and B.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) The barrier is located at $s= 33$ meters. Determine the velocity of the car} \qquad \\ \text{when it strikes the barrier.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q237 - ID: 392

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A particle $P$ moves on the $x$-axis. At time $t$ seconds,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{its acceleration is $(25 - 10t) m s^{-2}$, measured in the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{direction of $x$ increasing. When $t = 0$, its velocity} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{is $120 m s^{-1}$ measured in the direction of $x$ increasing.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Find the time when $P$ is instantaneously at rest in} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the subsequent motion.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q238 - ID: 3580

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{The displacement $s$ metres of a moving body B from a fixed point O at } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{time $t$ is given by $s = 45t - 9t^2 + 1100$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the velocity of B in $ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find its maximum displacement from O.}\end{array}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

Q239 - ID: 2917

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{Its velocity, $v \, ms^{1}$, at time $t$ seconds for the time} \qquad \\ \text{ interval $-3 \le t \le 5$ is given by $v = t^2 -2t-8$} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Write down the velocity of the insect when $t=0$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Show that the insect is instantaneously at rest when $t=-2$ and $t=4$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Determine the velocity of the insect when its acceleration is zero.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Write down the coordinates of the point A shown above} \qquad \\ \text{(e) Calculate the distance travelled by the insect from $t=1$ to $t=4$.} \qquad \\ \text{(f) Write down the distance travelled by the insect in the time interval $-2 \le t \le 4$.}\end{array}}

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Q240 - ID: 2908

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A toy car is moving along the straight line Ox, where O is the origin.} \qquad \\ \text{The time t is in seconds. At time t = 0 the car is at A, $4\, m$ from O as shown. } \qquad \\ \text{The velocity of the car, $v \, ms^{-1}$, is given by} \qquad \\ \qquad \qquad \text{$v = 3+12t-6t^2$} \qquad \\ \text{Calculate the distance of the car from O when its acceleration is zero.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q241 - ID: 4575

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{The displacement of a particle from a fixed point $O$ at time $t$ seconds} \qquad \\ \text{is $t^4 - 200t^2 + 10000$ metres, where $t \geq 0$. } \qquad \\ \text{(a) Verify that when $t=10$ the particle is at rest at the point $O$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the acceleration of the particle when $t=10$.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q242 - ID: 5999

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A particle moves along a straight line so that its velocity, $v \, ms^{-1}$ at } \qquad \\ \text{time $t$ seconds is given by $v= 15e^{5t}+3$.} \qquad \\ \text{When $t=0$, the displacement, $s$, of the particle is $8$ metres.} \qquad \\ \text{Find an expression for $s$ in terms of $t$.}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q243 - ID: 7336

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A model train travels along a straight track.} \qquad \\ \text{After time $t$ seconds after setting out from station A the train has } \qquad \\ \text{velocity $v \, ms^{-1}$ and displacement $x$ metres from A.} \qquad \\ \text{It is given that for $0 \leq t \leq=7, x = 0.08t^4 - 1.28t^3 + 5.76t^2$.} \qquad \\ \text{After leaving A the train comes to instantaneous rest at station B.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Express $v$ in terms of $t$. Verify that when $t=2$ the velocity of} \qquad \\ \text{the train is $10.24 \, ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Express the acceleration of the train in terms of $t$ and hence show} \qquad \\ \text{that when the acceleration of the train is zero $t^2 - 8t + 12=0$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Calculate the minimum value of $v$.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Calculate the distance AB.}\end{array}}

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Q244 - ID: 7351

[19 marks, 23 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{The displacement $x \, m$ from the origin O of a particle on the x-axis is given by} \qquad \\ \text{$ \qquad \qquad x = 9 + 96t + 12t^2 - 4t^3$} \qquad \\ \text{where $t$ is the time in seconds and $-4 \leq t \leq 8$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Write down the displacement of the particle when $t=0$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find an expression in terms of $t$ for the velocity, $v \, ms^{-1}$, of the particle.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find an expression in terms of $t$ for the acceleration of the particle.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the maximum value of $v$ in the interval $-4 \leq t \leq 8$.} \qquad \\ \text{(e) Show that $v=0$ only when $t=-2$ and $t=4$. Find the values of $x$ at these times.} \qquad \\ \text{(f) Calculate the distance travelled by the particle from $t=0$ to $t=5$.} \qquad \\ \text{(g) Determine how many times the particle passes through O in the interval $-4 \leq t \leq 8$.}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q245 - ID: 7400

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Shown is a stone of mass $0.4 \, kg$ sitting at B, the bottom of a $d=0.8 \, m$ deep hole.} \qquad \\ \text{A workman applies a vertical force $F$ to the stone and lifts it upwards.} \qquad \\ \text{The magnitude of $F$ at time $t$ seconds, $t \geq 0$, can be modelled by $F = (4.24 - 0.24t)$ newtons.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the acceleration of the stone can be expressed as $a = (0.8 - 0.6t) \, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find an expression for the velocity $v$ of the stone at time $t$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find an expression for the displacement of the stone from B at time $t$.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Show that when $v = 0.4 ms^{-1}$ for the second time, the stone is at ground level.}\end{array}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

Q246 - ID: 7406

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{The displacement of a ball from a fixed point O at time $t$ seconds, $t \geq 0$,} \qquad \\ \text{is given by $s = (t^3 - 13.5t^2 + 54t)$ metres.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find an expression for the velocity of the ball at time $t$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the times when the ball is instantaneously at rest.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the distance travelled by the ball in the first 6 seconds.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q247 - ID: 7343

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A car is travelling at $11\, ms^{-1}$ along a straight road when it passes a point A} \qquad \\ \text{at time $t = 0$, where $t$ is in seconds. For $0 \leq t \leq 5$, the car accelerates at $1t\, ms^{-2}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Calculate the speed of the car when $t=5$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the displacement of the car from A when $t=5$.}\end{array}}

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Q248 - ID: 7359

[16 marks, 19 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A toy boat moves in a horizontal plane with position vector $r = xi + yj$,} \qquad \\ \text{where $i$ and $j$ are the standard unit vectors east and north respectively.} \qquad \\ \text{The origin of the position vectors is at O. The displacements x and y are in metres.} \qquad \\ \text{First consider only the motion of the boat parallel to the x-axis.} \qquad \\ \text{For this motion $x = 4t - 1t^2$. The velocity of the boat in the x-direction is $v_x \,ms^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find an expression in terms of $t$ for $v_x$ and determine when the boat} \qquad \\ \text{instantaneously has zero speed in the x-direction.} \qquad \\ \text{Now consider only the motion of the boat parallel to the y-axis. For this} \qquad \\ \text{motion $v_y = (t -2)(3t - 2),$ where $v_y \, ms^{-1}$ is the velocity of the boat} \qquad \\ \text{in the y-direction at time $t$ seconds.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Given that $y = 2$ when $t = 2$, use integration to show that $y = t^3 4t^2 + 4t --2$.} \qquad \\ \text{The position vector of the boat is given in terms of $t$ by $r = (4t - 1t^2)i + (t^3 - 4t^2 + 4t +2)j$} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the time(s) when the boat is due north of O and also the distance} \qquad \\ \text{of the boat from O at any such times.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) Find the time(s) when the boat is instantaneously at rest. Find the distance} \qquad \\ \text{of the boat from O at any such times.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q249 - ID: 7680

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A particle P moves along the x-axis. At time $t$ seconds the velocity of P is $v \, m s^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{ in the positive x-direction, where $v = 9t^2 - 4t + 6$. When $t = 0$, P is at the origin O. Find } \qquad \\ \text{the distance of P from O when P is moving with minimum velocity.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q250 - ID: 857

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A thin uniform wire, of total length $20 cm$, is bent} \qquad \\ \text{to form a frame. The frame is in the shape of a} \qquad \\ \text{trapezium $ABCD$, where $AB = 4 cm, AD = 4, CD = 5 cm$} \qquad \\ \text{and $AB$ is perpendicular to $BC$ and $AD$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the distance of the centre of mass of the frame from $AB$.} \qquad \\ \text{The frame has mass $m$. A particle of mass $km$ is} \qquad \\ \text{attached to the frame at $C$. When the frame is freely} \qquad \\ \text{suspended from the mid-point of $BC$, the frame hangs} \qquad \\ \text{in equilibrium with $BC$ horizontal.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the value of $k$.}\end{array}}

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Q251 - ID: 601

[10 marks, 12 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{The diagram shows four uniform rods joined to form a} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{rigid rectangular framework $ABCD$, where $AB = CD = 2a$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and $BC = AD = 4a$. Each rod has mass $m$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Particles, of mass $9m$ and $3m$, are attached to the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{framework at points $C$ and $D$ respectively.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the distance of the centre of mass of the loaded} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{framework from (i) $AB$, (ii) $AD$. } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The loaded framework is freely suspended from $B$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and hangs in equilibrium.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the angle which $BC$ makes with the vertical.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q252 - ID: 3048

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{The diagram shows a template T made by removing a circular disc,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of centre X and radius $5\, cm$, from a uniform circular lamina, of centre O} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and radius $15\, cm$. The point X lies on the diameter AOB of the lamina} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and AX = $10\, cm$. The centre of mass of T is at the point G.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find $AG$} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The template T is free to rotate about a smooth fixed horizontal axis,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{perpendicular to the plane of T, which passes through the mid-point of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{OB. A small stud of mass $\frac{1}{2}m$ is fixed at B, and T and the stud are in} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{equilibrium with AB horizontal. Modelling the stud as a particle,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) find the mass of T in terms of $m$}\end{array}}

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Q253 - ID: 3268

[10 marks, 12 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A uniform lamina is in the shape of a rectangle ABCD and a square EFGH,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{as shown in the diagram. The length AB is $44 \, cm$, the length BC is $58 \, cm$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the length DE is $11 \, cm$ and the length EF is $22 \, cm$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The point P is the midpoint of AB and the point Q is the midpoint of HG.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Explain why the centre of mass of the lamina lies on PQ.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the distance of the centre of mass of the lamina from AB.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) The lamina is freely suspended from A. Find, to the nearest degree,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the angle between AD and the vertical when the lamina is in equilibrium.}\end{array}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

Q254 - ID: 7396

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{The diagram shows a uniform lamina ABCGFED consisting of triangle ABC} \qquad \\ \text{with rectangle DEFG removed. Triangle ABC is right-angled at A with} \qquad \\ \text{$AB = 12 \, cm$ and $AC = 18 \, cm$. Rectangle DEFG has sides $DE = 5 \, cm$} \qquad \\ \text{and $EF = 4 \, cm$. Distance $AD = 3 \, cm$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Calculate the distances of the centre of mass of the lamina from AB} \qquad \\ \text{and AC, giving your answers correct to 3 significant figures.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) The lamina is freely suspended from A and hangs in equilibrium.} \qquad \\ \text{Calculate the angle AC makes with the vertical.}\end{array}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

Q255 - ID: 7687

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A template T consists of a uniform plane lamina PQROS, as shown. The lamina} \qquad \\ \text{is bounded by two semicircles, with diameters SO and OR, and by the sides SP, PQ and QR of the} \qquad \\ \text{rectangle PQRS. The point O is the mid-point of SR, PQ = $12\, cm$ and QR = $2x \, cm$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Show that the centre of mass of T is a distance $ \displaystyle \frac{8x^2 - 12}{8x +3\pi} \,cm$ from SR.} \qquad \\ \text{The template T is freely suspended from the point P and hangs in equilibrium.} \qquad \\ \text{Given that $x = 4$ and that $\theta$ is the angle that PQ makes with the horizontal,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) show that $\tan \theta = \displaystyle \frac{96+ 9\pi}{70+ 12\pi }$.}\end{array}}

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Q256 - ID: 870

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A brick of mass $4 kg$ slides in a straight line on a horizontal} \qquad \\ \text{floor. The brick is modelled as a particle and the floor as a} \qquad \\ \text{rough plane. The initial speed of the brick is $10 m s^{-1}$. The} \qquad \\ \text{brick is brought to rest after moving $14 m$ by the constant} \qquad \\ \text{frictional force between the brick and the floor.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Calculate the kinetic energy lost by the brick in coming} \qquad \\ \text{to rest, stating the units of your answer.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Calculate the coefficient of friction between the brick and the floor.}\end{array}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

Q257 - ID: 3267

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A hot air balloon moves vertically upwards with a constant velocity.} \qquad \\ \text{When the balloon is at a height of 26 metres above ground level,} \qquad \\ \text{a box of mass $4\, kg$ is released from the balloon. After the box is} \qquad \\ \text{released, it initially moves vertically upwards with speed $12 ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the initial kinetic energy of the box.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Show that the kinetic energy of the box when it hits the ground is $1307.2\, J$.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Hence find the speed of the box when it hits the ground.} \qquad \\ \text{(d) State two modelling assumptions which you have made.}\end{array}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

Q258 - ID: 3524

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A parcel of mass $2.2 kg$ is moving in a straight line on a smooth horizontal} \qquad \\ \text{floor. Initially the parcel is moving with speed $11\, m s^{1}$. The parcel is brought to} \qquad \\ \text{rest in a distance of $22 \, m$ by a constant horizontal force of magnitude $R$ newtons. } \qquad \\ \text{Modeling the parcel as a particle, find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the kinetic energy lost by the parcel in coming to rest,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the value of $R$.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q259 - ID: 779

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A car of mass $1100 kg$ moves along a straight} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{horizontal road with a constant speed of $32 m s^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The resistance to motion of the car has magnitude $600 N$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find, in $kW$, the rate at which the engine of the car is working.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The car now moves up a hill inclined at $\alpha$ to the horizontal,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{where $\sin \alpha = \frac{1}{35}$. The resistance to motion of the car from} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{non-gravitational forces remains of magnitude $600 N$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The engine of the car now works at a rate of $26 kW$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the acceleration of the car when its speed is $25 m s^{-1}$.}\end{array}}

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Q260 - ID: 387

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A car of mass $1200 kg$ is moving at a constant speed} \qquad \\ \text{of $12 m s^{-1}$ down a straight road inclined at an angle $\alpha$} \qquad \\ \text{to the horizontal, where $\sin \alpha = \frac{1}{27}$. The resistance to} \qquad \\ \text{motion from non gravitational forces is modelled as a} \qquad \\ \text{constant force of magnitude $700 N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find, in $kW$, the rate of working of the engine of the car.} \qquad \\ \text{When the car is travelling down the road at $12 m s^{-1}$,} \qquad \\ \text{the engine is switched off. The car comes to rest in} \qquad \\ \text{time $T$ seconds after the engine is switched off. The} \qquad \\ \text{resistance to motion from non-gravitational forces is} \qquad \\ \text{again modelled as a constant force of magnitude $700 N$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the value of $T$.}\end{array}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

Q261 - ID: 3261

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A car of mass $1450 kg$ is travelling along a straight horizontal road.} \qquad \\ \text{When the car is travelling at a speed of $v \,ms^{-1}$, it experiences a} \qquad \\ \text{resistance force of magnitude $35v$ newtons.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) On this road, the car has a maximum speed of $47 \,ms^{-1}$} \qquad \\ \text{Show that the maximum power of the car is $77315$ watts.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the maximum possible acceleration of the car when its } \qquad \\ \text{speed on the road is $36 \,ms^{-1}$}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q262 - ID: 553

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A car of mass $1300 kg$ moves along a straight horizontal} \qquad \\ \text{road. The resistance to motion of the car from} \qquad \\ \text{non-gravitational forces is of constant magnitude $900 N$.} \qquad \\ \text{The car moves with constant speed and the engine of} \qquad \\ \text{the car is working at a rate of $20 kW$. } \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the speed of the car.} \qquad \\ \text{The car moves up a hill inclined at an angle $\alpha$ to the} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal, where $\sin \alpha = \frac{1} {14}$.} \qquad \\ \text{The car engine continues to work at $20 kW$ and the} \qquad \\ \text{resistance to motion from non-gravitational forces} \qquad \\ \text{remains of magnitude $900 N$.} \qquad \\ \text{b) Find the constant speed at which the car can move up the hill.}\end{array}}

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Q263 - ID: 761

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A particle of mass $1.1 kg$ is moving in a straight} \qquad \\ \text{line on a rough horizontal plane. The speed of the particle is} \qquad \\ \text{reduced from $14 m s^{-1}$ to $8 m s^{-1}$ as the particle moves $26 m$.} \qquad \\ \text{Assuming the only resistance to motion is the friction between} \qquad \\ \text{the particle and the plane, find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the work done by friction in reducing the speed of the} \qquad \\ \text{particle from $14 m s^{-1}$ to $8 m s^{-1}$,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) the coefficient of friction between the particle and the plane.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q264 - ID: 7682

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A particle of mass $1.4 kg$ is projected vertically upwards from ground level } \qquad \\ \text{with a speed of $19 m s^{-1}$. It comes to instantaneous rest at a height of $7 \, m$ } \qquad \\ \text{above the ground. As the particle moves it is subject to air resistance of constant } \qquad \\ \text{magnitude $R$ newtons. Using the work-energy principle, or otherwise, find the value of $R$.}\end{array}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

Q265 - ID: 7683

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A cyclist and her bicycle have a total mass of $80\, kg$. She cycles along a straight} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal road with constant speed $4 ms^{-1}$. She is working at a constant rate of $510 \, W$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the magnitude of the resistance to motion.} \qquad \\ \text{The cyclist now cycles down a straight road which is inclined at an angle $\theta$ to the horizontal,} \qquad \\ \text{where $\sin \theta = \frac{1}{16}$, at a constant speed $U \, ms^{-1}$. The magnitude of the non-gravitational resistance} \qquad \\ \text{to motion is modelled as $40U$ newtons. She is now working at a constant rate of $24\, W$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the value of $U$.}\end{array}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

Q266 - ID: 544

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{A cricket ball of mass $0.2 kg$ is struck by a bat.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Immediately before being struck, the velocity of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the ball is $(-50i) m s^{-1}$. Immediately after being} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{struck, the velocity of the ball is $(15i + 10j) m s^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find the magnitude of the impulse exerted on the ball by the bat.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{In the subsequent motion, the position vector of} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the ball is $r$ metres at time $t$ seconds. In a model} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of the situation, it is assumed that $r = [15ti + (10t - 7t^2)j]$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Using this model,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) find the speed of the ball when $t = 5$.}\end{array}}

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Q267 - ID: 7685

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}{ll} \text{The points A, B and C lie in a horizontal plane. A batsman strikes a ball of } \qquad \\ \text{mass $0.28 \, kg$. Immediately before being struck, the ball is moving along the} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal line AB with speed $33m s^{-1}$. Immediately after being struck,} \qquad \\ \text{the ball moves along the horizontal line BC with speed $42 \, ms^{-1}$. The line} \qquad \\ \text{BC makes an angle of $63$ with the original direction of motion AB, as shown.} \qquad \\ \text{Find, to 3 significant figures,} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the magnitude of the impulse given to the ball,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the size of the angle that the direction of this impulse makes with the original direction of motion AB.}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q268 - ID: 3049

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A particle P of mass $m$ is moving in a straight line on a smooth} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{horizontal table. Another particle Q of mass $km$ is at rest on the table.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{The particle P collides directly with Q. The direction of motion of P is } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{reversed by the collision. After the collision, the speed of P is $v$ and the} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{speed of Q is $5v$. The coefficient of restitution between P and Q is $0.5$. } \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(a) Find, in terms of $v$ only, the speed of P before the collision.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(b) Find the value of $k$.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{After being struck by P, the particle Q collides directly with a particle R} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{of mass $13m$ which is at rest on the table. After this second collision, Q} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{and R have the same speed and are moving in opposite directions. Show that} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(c) the coefficient of restitution between Q and R is $0.5$ ,} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{(d) there will be a further collision between P and Q.}\end{array}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

Q269 - ID: 7391

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{An object of mass $0.2 \, kg$ is moving on a smooth horizontal floor towards a vertical wall.} \qquad \\ \text{The velocity of the object is $7\, m s^{-1}$ in a direction which is perpendicular to the wall.} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{Before the object reaches the wall, it is given an impulse after which it is moving in} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the same direction with speed $2\, m s^{-1}$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Calculate the magnitude and direction of the impulse, stating your units clearly.} \qquad \\ \text{After the impulse, the object collides with the wall. The coefficient of restitution between} \qquad \\ \displaystyle \text{the object and the wall is $0.7$.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) Find the speed of the object after the impact with the wall.}\end{array}}

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Q270 - ID: 7393

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A sphere A, of mass $12\, kg$, moving with speed $6\, m s^{-1}$, collides directly} \qquad \\ \text{with another sphere B, of mass $8\, kg$, moving in the opposite direction} \qquad \\ \text{with speed $5\, m s^{-1}$. The coefficient of restitution between the spheres} \qquad \\ \text{is $0.3$. Calculate the speeds of the spheres after the collision, clearly} \qquad \\ \text{indicating their directions of motion.}\end{array}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

Q271 - ID: 7681

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{Two particles, P, of mass $4m$, and Q, of mass $m$, are moving along} \qquad \\ \text{the same straight line on a smooth horizontal plane. They are moving } \qquad \\ \text{in opposite directions towards each other and collide. Immediately} \qquad \\ \text{before the collision the speed of P is $4u$ and the speed of Q is $u$.} \qquad \\ \text{The coefficient of restitution between the particles is $e$, where $e < 1$. Find} \qquad \\ \text{(a) the speed of P immediately after the collision,} \qquad \\ \text{(b) the speed of Q immediately after the collision.}\end{array}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

Q272 - ID: 7409

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle\text{A workman places end A of a uniform plank AB, length $3\, m$ and mass $x \, kg$,} \qquad \\ \text{on rough horizontal ground. He holds the plank with AB making an angle} \qquad \\ \text{of $\alpha=32$ with the ground by applying a force of $196\, N$ perpendicular to} \qquad \\ \text{the plank at a point C on AB as shown, where $CB = 1\, m$.} \qquad \\ \text{(a) Find the frictional force acting at A.} \qquad \\ \text{(b) By taking moments about A find $x$.} \qquad \\ \text{The plank is on the verge of slipping.} \qquad \\ \text{(c) Find the coefficient of friction between the plank and the ground.}\end{array}}

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Q273 - ID: 7684

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{array}\displaystyle \text{A uniform rod AB, of mass $14\, kg$ and length $5.6\, m$, rests with one end A} \qquad \\ \text{on rough horizontal ground. The rod is held in limiting equilibrium at an angle $\alpha$ to the} \qquad \\ \text{horizontal, where $\tan \alpha = \frac{3}{4}$ , by a force acting at B, as shown. The line of action} \qquad \\ \text{of this force lies in the vertical plane which contains the rod. The coefficient of friction } \qquad \\ \text{between the ground and the rod is $0.4$. Find the magnitude of the normal reaction of } \qquad \\ \text{the ground on the rod at A.}\end{array}}

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Exam Paper - 6 September, 2012 - Mark Scheme


A1 - ID: 421

[15 marks, 18 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad \underline{r} &\,\,\,=\,\,&20t\underline{i} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ &\underline{s} &=& (350 + 6t) \underline{i} + 8t\underline{j} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \vec{AB} &=& \underline{s} - \underline{r} \\ &&& \Rightarrow \vec{AB} \, = \, ( 350 + 6t )\underline{i} + 8t\underline{j} - 20ti\\ &&& \Rightarrow \vec{AB} \, = \, (350 + -14t)\underline{i} + 8t\underline{j} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{bearing=45} &\Rightarrow&\frac{8t}{350 + -14t } = 1 &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 8t = 350 + -14t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& t = 15.909 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{dist }= 350&\Rightarrow&| \underline{s} -\underline{r} |^2=350^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& (350 + -14t)^2 + (8t)^2 = 350^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 350^2 + -9800t+ 196t^2 + 64t^2 = 350^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 260t^2 = 9800t\\ &&\Rightarrow& t=37.692&|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

A2 - ID: 660

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{At time t} &\,:\,&\underline{r}_A\, = \, (-6+3t) \underline{i} + (12+3t)\underline{j} \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ &&:& \underline{r}_B \, = \, (2+-2t) \underline{i} + (4+8t)\underline{j} \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \underline{i} \text{ equal }&\Rightarrow& (-6+3t) = (2+-2t) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& t\, = \, 1.6 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \underline{r}_A = -1.2\underline{i} + 16.8\underline{j}, \quad \underline{r}_B = -1.2\underline{i} + 16.8\underline{j} \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{Collide} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{ New } \underline{r}_A &=&(-6+2t) \underline{i} + (12+2t)\underline{j} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \vec{AB} = \underline{r}_B-\underline{r}_A\, = \, (8+-4t) \underline{i} + (-8+6t)\underline{j} &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \qquad t=2 &\Rightarrow&\vec{AB}\, = \, 0 \underline{i} + 4\underline{j} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& |AB| \, = \, \sqrt{(0)^2+ (4)^2}\, = \,4km &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{B north of A} &\Rightarrow&(8+-4t) =0\\ &&\Rightarrow& t \, = \, \frac{8}{4}\, = \, 1400 hours &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A3 - ID: 690

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad t=0.5&\Rightarrow&(20\underline{i} + 30\underline{j}) + 0.5(a\underline{i} + b\underline{j}) = 45\underline{i} - 10\underline{j} \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 20 + 0.5a = 45 \Rightarrow a = 50\\ &&\Rightarrow& 30 + 0.5b = -10 \Rightarrow b = -80 \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{velocity }= 50\underline{i} - 80\underline{j}. &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & p&=&(20\underline{i} + 30\underline{j})+ (50\underline{i} - 80\underline{j})t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{vel. of Q}&=&c(4\underline{i} - 3\underline{j})\\ &&\Rightarrow& 110 = \sqrt{(16+9)c^2}\, \Rightarrow \, c = 22 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow&q = 22(4\underline{i} - 3\underline{j})t &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & t=3&\Rightarrow&p = 170\underline{i} + -210\underline{j} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& q = 264\underline{i} - 198\underline{j} \quad \\ &&\Rightarrow& PQ = 94\underline{i} + 12\underline{j} &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& |PQ| = \sqrt{94^2+12^2} \quad = \quad 95\, km &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A4 - ID: 505

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad p &=&11 t \underline{j} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & q &=& (4 \underline{i} + 14\underline{j}) + t(-8 \underline{i} + 6 \underline{j}) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \qquad \quad \qquad p &=&33 \underline{j} \quad\\ & q &=& ( -20 \underline{i} + 32\underline{j}) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & PQ &=&\sqrt{-20^2 + (32- 33 )^2 } \quad\\ &&=& 20.025 \text{ km} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{$Q$ due north} &\Rightarrow&\underline{i} \text{ component is zero} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 4 - 8t = 0\\ &&\Rightarrow& t = 0.5 \text{ hours} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A5 - ID: 7283

[16 marks, 19 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad\qquad \qquad \qquad \text{Speed} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\sqrt{1+6^2}\, = \, 6.08 \, ms^{-1} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \theta &=& tan^{-1} \frac{6}{-1}\, = \, -80.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{bearing = }351 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{pos. vector for $A$} &=& (6i - 12.5j) + t (-i + 6j)\\ & \text{pos. vector for $B$} &=& (-23i + 2j)+ t(3i + 4j) &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{equate $i$ components} &\Rightarrow& 6 -t = -23 + 3t\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 7.25 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{ $j$ component for $A$} &=& 31\\ & \text{ $j$ component for $B$} &=& 31\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{same so meet when $t=7.25} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{position vector: $-1.25i +31j$} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{Velocity of B} &=&\frac{7}{5}(3i + 4j) &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{pos. vec for $B$ at $t=10$} &=&(-23i + 2j) + \frac{70}{5}(3i + 4j) \\ & &=& 19i + 58j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \vec{BP} = 20.3i + 27j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{distance = $\sqrt{20.3^2 + 27^2}$}\, = \, 33.8 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[15 marks, 18 minutes]

A6 - ID: 7297

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad\qquad \qquad \qquad \text{Speed} &\,\,\,= \,\,&\sqrt{-2.6^2+7^2}\, = \, 7.47 \, Km h^{-1} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \theta &=& tan^{-1} \frac{7}{-2.6}\, = \, -69.6 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{bearing = }340 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{pos. vector for $R$} &=& (18i + 3j) + 3(-2.6 + 7j)\, = \, 10.2i + 24j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{at 1400} &\Rightarrow& s = 12.8i + 17j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{$t$ hours after 1400} &\Rightarrow& s = 12.8i + (17+ 5t)j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & \text{Due east} &\Rightarrow&17+ 5t = 24\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 1.4\, \Rightarrow \, \text{time = 1524} &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(f)} & \text{At 1600} &\Rightarrow&s = 12.8i + 27j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& s-r = 2.6i + 3j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{distance = $\sqrt{2.6^2 + 3^2}$}\, = \, 3.97\,km &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A7 - ID: 7282

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad \qquad \text{Velocity} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\displaystyle \frac{(9i + 4j)-(4i - 6j)}{2.5} \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& (2i + 4j ) &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & b &=& (4i - 6j) + t(2i + 4j ) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{equate $i$ components} &\Rightarrow& 4 + 2t = -6 +4t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 5 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{equate $j$ components} &\Rightarrow& -6+ 4t = 24 + t\lambda\\ & &\Rightarrow& \lambda = -2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{speed of B} &=&\sqrt{(2)^2 + (4)^2} \qquad \\ & \text{speed of C} &=&\sqrt{(4)^2 + (-2)^2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{B and C have same speed} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A8 - ID: 7420

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \qquad V &\,\,\,=\,\,&133 \tan 33\, = \, 86.4\, ms^{-1} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{magnitude} &=&\sqrt{133^2 + 86.4^2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 158.6ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A9 - ID: 7772

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad velocity &\,\,\,=\,\,&\sqrt{0.3^2 + 0.6^2}\, = \, 0.671\, ms^{-1} \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & angle &=& \tan^{-1} \frac{0.6} {0.3}\, = \, 63.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & time &=& \frac{17}{0.6}\, = \, 28.3\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & distance &=&0.671 \times 28.3\, = \, 19.007\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

A10 - ID: 2888

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{speed} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\sqrt{-3^2 + 6^2}\, = \, 6.71 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \quad \text{direction} &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{6}{-3}\, = \, 333 &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & t = 2 &\Rightarrow&\text{P is at } (8\underline{i} 12\underline{j}) + 2(-3 \underline{i} + 6 \underline{j})\, = \, (2\underline{i} + 0\underline{j}) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t = 4 &\Rightarrow&(2\underline{i} + 0\underline{j}) + 2(u\underline{i} + v\underline{j}) = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& u = -1, v = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{at time $t$} &\Rightarrow&(2\underline{i} + 0\underline{j}) + t(-1\underline{i} + 0\underline{j}) = (8\underline{i} + ...) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = -6 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{total time} = -4 \, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1}\end{steps}}

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A11 - ID: 7302

[4 marks, 5 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } 11^2 = 9^2 + U^2 &\Rightarrow&U = \sqrt{121 - 81}\, = \, 6.3\,ms^{-1} \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \cos \theta &=&\frac{9}{11} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \theta = 35\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{bearing = 035} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A12 - ID: 7311

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \quad \text{Aeroplane} &\,\,\,=\,\,&0i + 192j\\ & \text{Air} &=&-54\cos 45i + 54 \sin 45j\\ & \text{resultant} &=& -54\cos 45i + (192 +54 \sin 45j)\\ & &=& -38.183i + 230.183j \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{magnitude} &=&\sqrt{(-38.183)^2 + 230.183^2}\, = \, 233ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{angle} &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{230.183}{-38.183}\, = \, -80.6 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{bearing} &=& 351 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

A13 - ID: 6978

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \qquad |v| &\,\,\,=\,\,&\sqrt{1.2^2+0.9^2}\, = \, 1.5\, ms^{-1} \qquad\qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & r_H &=&98j + t(1.2i - 0.9j) \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & r_K &=&(8i + 42j) + t(0.8i + 1.9j) \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &=& (8 + 0.8t)i + (42 + 1.9t)j \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \vec{HK} = (8 + 0.8t)i + (42 + 1.9t)j - 98j - t(1.2i - 0.9j)\\ & &\Rightarrow& \vec{HK} = (8 - 0.4t)i + (-56 + 2.8t)j \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \vec{HK} = 0 &\Rightarrow&8 - 0.4t = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 20 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& -56 + 2.8t = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 20\, \Rightarrow \text{same time} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t = 20 &\Rightarrow&r_H =24i + 80j \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A14 - ID: 7327

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \text{Boat} &\,\,\,=\,\,&-4i + 0j\\ & \text{Water} &=&5\cos 45i + 5 \sin 45j\\ & \text{resultant} &=& (-4+ 5\cos 45)i + 5\sin 45j \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{magnitude} &=&\sqrt{((-4+ 5\cos 45)^2 + (5\sin 45j)^2}\, = \, 3.57ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{angle} &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{5\sin 45}{-4+ 5\cos 45}\, = \, -82.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{bearing} &=& 353 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A15 - ID: 7766

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad V &\,\,\,=\,\,&\displaystyle \frac{12}{10}\, = \, 1.2 \, ms^{-1} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & V^2 &=&1.2^2 + 1.7^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& V = \sqrt{4.33}\, = \, 2.1\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \tan \alpha &=&\displaystyle \frac{1.2}{1.7}\, = \, 35.2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

A16 - ID: 7270

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \text{distance travelled} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\sqrt{(17-7)^2+ (8--7)^2}\, = \, 18.028\, m \quad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{speed} = 18.028 \div 5\, = \, 3.6km/h &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \theta &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{8--7}{17-7}\, = \, 56.3\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{bearing = $033.7$} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & t=0 &\Rightarrow&s = (2(0) + 7) i + (3(0) - 7) j\, = \, 7i 7j\\ & t=5 &\Rightarrow&s = (2(5) + 7) i + (3(5) - 7) j\, = \, 17i + 8j\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{vector $s$ passes through two given positions} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{vector from S to L} &=&(2t - 8) i + (3t - 13) j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& (2T - 8)^2 + (3T - 13)^2 = 12^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 4T^2 - 32T + 64 + 9T^2 - 78T + 169 = 144\\ & &\Rightarrow& 13T^2 - 110T + 89 = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 7.6, 0.9 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A17 - ID: 949

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad \updownarrow \text{ component} &\,\,\,=\,\,&3.\sin 25 \, = \, 1.268 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \leftrightarrow \text{ component} &=& 3+3.\cos 25\, = \, 5.719 &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{magnitude = } \sqrt{( 1.268 )^2+(5.719)^2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{magnitude = } 5.86N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{angle}&=&\tan ^{-1}\left( \frac{1.268 }{5.719}\right)\\ & &=& 12.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A18 - ID: 481

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \updownarrow &\Rightarrow&2.3 \ sin (180 - \theta) = 1.1 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \ sin (180 - \theta) = \frac{1.1}{2.3} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 180 - \theta = 28.6 \\ &&\Rightarrow& \theta = 151.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \leftrightarrow &\Rightarrow&2.3 \ cos (180 \theta) = c &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& c = 2.3 \ cos (28.6)\, = \, 2.02 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A2}\end{steps}}

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A19 - ID: 3157

[9 marks, 11 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{resultant, $R$} &\,\,\,=\,\,&13\cos 32\underline{i} 13\sin 32 \underline{j} \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & P+Q=R &\Rightarrow&Q = R P\, = \, 13\cos 32\underline{i} - 13\sin 32 \underline{j} - 5\underline{j} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& Q = 11.0246\underline{i} - 11.889 \underline{j} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& |Q| = \sqrt{11.0246^2 + 11.889^2}\, = \, 16.2 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \theta &=& \tan^{-1} \frac{11.889}{11.0246}\, = \, 47.2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{bearing} = 137.2 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A20 - ID: 2911

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \text{Resolve $\leftrightarrow$} &\Rightarrow&P \cos 63 = 26 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = 57.27 \, N \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow& 125 = P \sin 63 + Q\\ &&\Rightarrow& Q = 125 - P \sin 63 \, = \, 73.97 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A21 - ID: 4579

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \text{x-direction} &\Rightarrow&11+-11 \, = \, 0 \, N \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \qquad \text{y-direction} &\Rightarrow&3+4 \, = \, 7 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{magnitude} &=& \sqrt{ 0^2 + 7^2}\, = \, 7 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{angle} &=& \tan^{-1} \frac{7 }{0 }\, = \, 90 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A22 - ID: 7424

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad F &\,\,\,=\,\,&\sqrt{3^2 + 2^2} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 3.61\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \alpha &=& \tan^{-1} \frac{2 }{3 } &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 33.7 &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A23 - ID: 2906

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \pmatrix{2 \cr 4 \cr 5} + \pmatrix{-9 \cr 5 \cr 4} &\,\,\,= \,\,&\pmatrix{-7 \cr 9 \cr 9} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{magnitude} &=&\sqrt{-7^2 + 9^2+ 9^2}\, = \, \sqrt{211}\,N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & F +2G+H=0 &\Rightarrow&\pmatrix{2 \cr 4 \cr\ 5} + \pmatrix{-18 \cr 10 \cr 8} + H =0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& H = \pmatrix{16 \cr -14 \cr -13} &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}

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A24 - ID: 3303

[9 marks, 11 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad \qquad \qquad \qquad P &\,\,\,=\,\,&-10\cos 27 i + 10 \sin 27 j\\ & Q &=&X i\\ & &\Rightarrow& R = P+Q = (X -10\cos 27) i + 10 \sin 27 j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 10 \sin 27 = M \sin 45\\ & &\Rightarrow& M = \displaystyle \frac{10 \sin 27}{\sin 45}\, = \, 6.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & (X -10\cos 27) &=&6.4\cos 45&|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& X = 6.4\cos 45 + 10\cos 27\, = \, 13.4 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A25 - ID: 4577

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{magnitude} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\sqrt{32^2 + 20^2}\, = \, 37.7 \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & \tan \theta &=&\displaystyle \frac{32}{20} &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \theta = 58 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{magnitude} &=&37.7 &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{bearing} &=&58 + 180\, = \, 238&|\color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A26 - ID: 5458

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{magnitude }&\,\,\,=\,\,&\sqrt{(9)^2 + (-2)^2}\, = \, \sqrt{81 + 4}\, = \, \sqrt{85} \qquad \\ &&=& 9.22\qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{direction}&=&\tan^{-1} \frac{-2}{9}\, = \,-12.5\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{bearing = $102.5$} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{vector}&=&54\underline{i} -12\underline{j} &| \color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A27 - ID: 7309

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \text{resultant} &\,\,\,=\,\,&(0i + 10j) + (0i - 13j) + (12i + 0j)\, = \, 12i - 3j \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{magnitude} &=&\sqrt{12^2 + 3^2}\, = \, \sqrt{153} \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{angle} &=&\tan^{-2} \frac{3}{12}\, = \, 14 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A28 - ID: 7333

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \quad \text{Force P} &\,\,\,=\,\,&0i + 13j \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \text{Force Q} &=&17\sin 37i + 17 \cos 37j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \text{resultant} &=& 17\sin37i + (13 +17 \cos 37j)\\ & &=& 10.231i + 26.577j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{magnitude} &=&\sqrt{(10.231)^2 + 26.577^2}\, = \, 28.5\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{angle} &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{10.231} {26.577}\, = \, 21.1 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{bearing} &=& 021 &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}

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A29 - ID: 7394

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \frac{ }{ } \text{Resolve in x-direction} &\,\,\,:\,\,&X = 10 -11\cos 27\, = \, 0.199\, N \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Resolve in y-direction} &:&Y = 8 -11\sin 27\, = \, 3.006\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{magnitude} &=&\sqrt{0.199^2 + 3.006^2} \qquad \\ & &=& 3.01\,N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{angle} &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{3.006}{0.199}\, = \, 86.2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

A30 - ID: 7408

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{x-component} &\,\,\,=\,\,&P + 6\sin63 - 8\sin 53 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A2} \qquad \\ & \text{y-component} &=&6\cos63 - 8\cos 53 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & 45 &\Rightarrow& 8\cos 53 - 6\cos63 = P + 6\sin63 - 8\sin 53 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = 8\cos 53 - 6\cos63- 6\sin63 + 8\sin 53\, = \, 3.13 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{magnitude} &=&\sqrt{(P + 6\sin63 8\sin 53)^2 + (6\cos63 - 8\cos 53)^2} \qquad \\ & &=& 2.96\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A31 - ID: 6972

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad \tan \theta &\,\,\,=\,\,&\displaystyle \frac{p}{7p} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \theta = 8.1 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & R &=&(i - 3j) + (pi + 7pj)\, = \, (1 + p)i + (-3 + 7p)j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& (-3 + 7p) = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& p = \frac{3}{7} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A32 - ID: 7341

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \text{Resultant in x-direction} &\,\,\,:\,\,&5\cos 28\qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{Resultant in y-direction} &:&5\sin28 &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Resultant in x-direction} &=&65\cos 28\\ & \text{Resultant in y-direction} &=&6- 5\sin 28 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{magnitude} &=&\sqrt{(6- 5\cos 28)^2 + (6- 5\sin 28)^2} \qquad \\ & &=& 3.98ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{angle} &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{6- 5\sin 28}{6- 5\cos 28} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 66.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A33 - ID: 1931

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad v=u+at &\Rightarrow& v_B = 14 +2 \times 8 \quad =\quad 30ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & OA: v^2 = u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&14^2 = 0^2 + 2 \times 4 \times OA\\ &&\Rightarrow& OA = \frac{14^2}{8}\quad = \quad 24.5m &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{AB: } s= ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\to&s= 14\times 8+ \frac{1}{2}2\times 64\\ &&\Rightarrow& s=176&|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & OB=OA+AB &\to& OB = 24.5+176\\ &&\Rightarrow& OB = 200.5m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A34 - ID: 1935

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow& 38^2 \, = \, 12^2 + 2.a.180 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& a \, = \, \frac{38^2 - 12^2}{2.180} \, = \, 3.611m/s^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \qquad t = \frac{v-u}{a} &\Rightarrow&t \, = \, \frac{38-12}{3.611} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& t \, = \, 7.2s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow& v^2=12^2+2.3.611.90 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& v^2=794\\ &&\Rightarrow& v=28.178m/s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A35 - ID: 1936

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad v=u+at &\Rightarrow& 56 \, = \, 11 + 4a \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& a \, = \, 11.25\,ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&OA \, =\, 44+\frac{1}{2}180 &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & && OA\, = \, 134\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&v^2=121+22.5\times 67&|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& v^2=1628.5 \\ &&\Rightarrow& v=40.4 \,ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A36 - ID: 7767

[12 marks, 14 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ }\qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad v &\,\,\,=\,\,&(-6i + 2j) + 20(0.25i + 0.3j) \, ms^{-1} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& (-1i + 8j) \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & north &\Rightarrow&-6 + 0.25t = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 24 \, s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&v = (2 + 0.3 \times24)j\, = \, 9.2\, j &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{position} &=&ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 + (9i + 6j)\\ & &=& (-6i + 2j)\times 20 + \frac{1}{2} (0.25i + 0.3j) \times 20^2 + (9i + 6j) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& -61i + 106j &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{average velocity} &=&\displaystyle \frac{(-61i + 106j) - (9i + 6j)}{20}\, = \, -3.5i + 5j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A37 - ID: 7352

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ }\quad \qquad t=0 &\Rightarrow&v= 7\, ms^{-1} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{acceleration} &=&5\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & t=3 &\Rightarrow&v= 22\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{distance} &=&\frac{7+22}{2} \times 3\, = \, 43.5 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{$3 \leq t \leq 12$} &\Rightarrow&s=ut+\frac{1} {2}at^2\, = \, 22(9)+ \frac{1}{2} 3(9)^2\, = \, 319.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow & \text{total distance = } 43.5 + 319.5\, = \, 363\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A38 - ID: 6971

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \text{ } \qquad 41 = 2u + \frac{1}{2}a2^2 &\Rightarrow&41 = 2u + 2a \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & 161 = 5u + \frac{1}{2}a5^2 &\Rightarrow&161 = 5u + 12.5a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 58.5 = 7.5a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 7.8 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& u = 12.7 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A39 - ID: 5039

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad v=u+at &\Rightarrow&(-7\underline{i} +5 \underline{j}) = u + 2(4\underline{i} - 4\underline{j}) \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& -7\underline{i} +5 \underline{j} = u + 8\underline{i} - 8\underline{j} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& u = -7\underline{i} +5 \underline{j} - 8\underline{i} + 8\underline{j}\, = \, -15\underline{i} +13 \underline{j} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{speed = $\sqrt{225 + 169}$}\, = \, \sqrt{394} \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A40 - ID: 7313

[13 marks, 16 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{ } \qquad \qquad \qquad v &\,\,\,=\,\,&15i + (-0.3i + 0.3j)t \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v &=&(15-0.3t) i + 0.3tj &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \text{due north} & \Rightarrow& 15-0.3t = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 50\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&r = 15i t + \frac{1}{2}(-0.3i + 0.3j)t^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & t=100 &\Rightarrow&r = 1500i + 5000(-0.3i + 0.3j)\, = \, 0i + 1500j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{due north} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & v &=&15i + 100 (-0.3i + 0.3j)\, = \, -15i +30j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{speed = } \sqrt{-15^2 +30^2}\, = \, 33.5\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

A41 - ID: 7307

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \quad \qquad v=u+at &\Rightarrow&5i+ 0j = 0i + 8j + 40a \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = \frac{5i - 8j}{40}\, = \, 0.125i - 0.2j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s = ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &=&40(0i + 8j ) + \frac{1600}{2}(0.125i - 0.2j) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 100i - -160j &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v &=&0i + 8j + t(0.125i - 0.2j)\\ & &=& 0.125ti + (8-0.2t)j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{south-east} &\Rightarrow& 8-0.2t = -0.125t &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 8 = 0.075t\, \Rightarrow \, t = 106.667 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & t = 106.667 &\Rightarrow&v = 0i + 8j +106.667(0.125i - 0.2j)\\ & &=& 13.333i - 13.333j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A42 - ID: 5461

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{ } \qquad \qquad \qquad P &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{distance = $0 + \frac{1}{2}0.2t^2$} \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & Q &:&\text{distance = $4t + 0$} \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \text{P catches Q} &\Rightarrow&\frac{1} {2}0.2t^2 = 4t + 50 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t^2 - 40t - 500 = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& (t-50)(t+10) = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 50, -10 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{distance = $250$ m} &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}

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A43 - ID: 7774

[12 marks, 14 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \frac{ }{ } \qquad s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&75i = 10(7i - 4j) + \frac{1}{2}a \times 10^2 \qquad\qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = \displaystyle \frac{5i + 40j}{50}\, = \, (0.1i + 0.8j) \, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow& r = 8(7i - 4j) + \frac{1}{2}(0.1i + 0.8j) \times 8^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& r = 59.2i - 6.4j &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v = u+at &\Rightarrow& v = (7i - 4j) + (0.1i + 0.8j)t\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = (7+0.1t)i +(0.8t -4)j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 0.8t -4 = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 5 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& r = 5(7i - 4j) + \frac{1}{2}(0.1i + 0.8j) \times 5^2\, = \, 36.25i - 10j &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A44 - ID: 7769

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad v^2 = u^2 + 2as &\Rightarrow&18^2 = 14^2 + 2a \times 30 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 2.13\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v=u+at &\Rightarrow& 18 = 14 +2.13t &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 1.88\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

A45 - ID: 7421

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad \text{Velocity} &\,\,\,=\,\,&2i \, ms^{-1} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v &=& 2i + t(-0.4i + 0.29j) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{due north} &\Rightarrow& 2 + -0.4t=0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 5\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&r = 2(5)i +\frac{1}{2}(-0.4i + 0.29j)(5)^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& r = 5i + 3.6249999999999996j &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{bearing} &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{5}{3.6249999999999996} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 54.1 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A46 - ID: 789

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&55 = 18\times3 + \frac{1}{2}a \times 3^2 \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 55 = 54+4.5a \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.22 ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&v^2 = 18^2 + 2 \times 0.22 \times 110 \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v^2 = 324.0494\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 19.31 \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) } & s=\frac{1}{2}(u+v)t &\Rightarrow&110 = \frac{1}{2}(18+19.31)t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 5.9 \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{time} = 2.9\,s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}

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A47 - ID: 722

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad u &\,\,\,=\,\,&2ms^{-1}, v = 75ms^{-1}, t = 17\\ & v = u+at &\Rightarrow& 75 = 2+17a \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 4.29 ms^{-2} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&s = 2\times 17 + \frac{1}{2} 4.29 \times 17^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 654.5\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& BC = 1800 - 654.5 \, = \, 1145.5\, m &|\color{#ff0066} {B1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A48 - ID: 1938

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad 1160 &\,\,\,=\,\,& \frac{1}{2} (0 + 20)T + (20\times 3T) + \frac{1}{2}(20+0)\times 60 \quad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&=& 10T + 60T + 600 \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& T \, = \frac{560}{70} \, = \, 8s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&20\, = \, 0 + 8a \\ &&\Rightarrow& a \, = \, \frac{20}{8} \, = \, 2.5\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A49 - ID: 1937

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow& 54 \, = \, 6 \times 5+ \frac{1}{2} \times a \times 25 \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 24 \, = \, 12.5a \\ &&\Rightarrow& a \, = \,1.92\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&900\, = \, 36+2\times 1.92\times s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 864\, = \, 3.84 s \\ &&\Rightarrow& s = 225\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A50 - ID: 1933

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{accel. time} &\,\,\,:\,\,&20\\ & \text{decel. time} &:&20 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{distance } &=& \text{total area} \qquad \\ &&=& \frac{1}{2}\times 40\times 20+(40\times 120)+\frac{1}{2} \times 40 \times20&|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&=&5600&|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{comment} &:&\text{ no period of constant velocity} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{max speed }= V &\Rightarrow&\frac{1}{2} \times 80 \times V = 5600&|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& V = 140&|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A51 - ID: 1934

[9 marks, 11 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{distance } &\,\,\,=\,\,& \text{total area} \qquad \\ &&=& \frac{1}{2}\times (33+21)\times 2 +(5 \times 21) \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ &&=& 159m. &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{straight line } &\Rightarrow& \text{constant deceleration}&|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \text{F=Ma } &\Rightarrow& \text{F is constant}&|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{deceleration} &=&\frac{33-21}{2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \text{Force} &=&1060 \times \frac{33-21}{2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&=& 6360N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A52 - ID: 448

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \text{At T} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{both trains travelled same distance} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & a &=& 16, b = 50, c = 82 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \frac{1}{2}(T + (T-16)) \times 25 \, = \, \frac{1}{2}((T-50) + (T - 82 )) \times 50 &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& (T + (T-16)) \times 25 \, = \, ((T-50) + (T - 82 )) \times 50 \quad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 2T -16 \, = \, 4T-264 \\ & &\Rightarrow& 264-16 \, = \, 2T \\ & &\Rightarrow& 248 \, = \, 2T \, \Rightarrow \, T = 124 \, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A53 - ID: 7285

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad \text{motion} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\text{constant acceleration} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \qquad \qquad \text{motion} &\,\,\,= \,\,&\text{constant speed} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{distance} &=&\frac{1} {2}(4+7) \times 2 + 7 \times 3 &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 32\, m &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A54 - ID: 2912

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad \text{1st stage } &\,\,\,=\,\,&\frac{1}{2}(14+33) \times 14 = 329\, m\\ & \text{2nd stage} &=&\frac{1}{2}(33+45)\times 16 = 624\, m\\ & \text{3rd stage} &=&45\times 19 = 855\, m \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{total distance} &=&1808\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & BT &=&2145.5-1808 \, = \, 337.5\\ & &\Rightarrow& \frac{1}{2}T \times 45 = 337.5\\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 15 \, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A55 - ID: 7277

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad \text{1st stage} &\,\,\,=\,\,&23 \times 14\, = \, 322\, m\\ & \text{2nd stage} &=&\frac{1}{2}15(23+V)\, = \, 172.5+7.5V\\ & \text{3rd stage} &=&12V\\ & &\Rightarrow& 322 + 172.5+7.5V + 12V = 709 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 19.5V = 214.5\\ & &\Rightarrow& V = 11\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{deceleration} &=&\displaystyle \frac{23-11}{15} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 0.8\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A56 - ID: 7423

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad \text{diagram} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{start and finish at rest} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ &&& \text{correct shape} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ &&& \text{correct $t$ values} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ &&& \text{correct $v$ values} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{area} &=&5 + 12 + 2\, = \, 19\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{max acceleration} &=&0.4 \, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & force = ma &\Rightarrow&T- 340g =340 \times 0.4\\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 3468\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A57 - ID: 2885

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad \text{1st stage = $121$} &\Rightarrow&\frac{1} {2}(14+7)t = 121\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 11.5\, s \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{total time} = 11.5 + 13 + 24 \, = \, 48.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{2nd stage} &=&\frac{1}{2}(7+V)13\, = \, 45.5 + 6.5V\\ & \text{3rd stage} &=&24V &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{total}=2000 &\Rightarrow& 121+45.5 + 6.5V + 24V = 2000 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 30.5V = 1833.5 \\ & &\Rightarrow& V = 60.1\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A58 - ID: 2904

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

&|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad \text{velocity-time graph } &=&\text{see diagram} \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B3} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \text{1st area} &=&\frac{1}{2}8\times 15 = 60\, m\\ & \text{2nd area} &=&17 \times 15 = 255 \, m\\ & \text{3rd area} &=&\frac{1} {2}5\times 15 = 37.5\, m \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{total distance} &=&352.5\, m

A59 - ID: 7308

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad \text{1st stage} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\frac{1}{2}2\times 3\, = \, 3\\ & \text{2nd stage} &=&3\times 3\, = \, 9\\ & \text{3rd stage} &=&\frac{1}{2}3\times 3\, = \, 4.5\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{distance } =16.5\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{acceleration} &=&3 \div 2\, = \, 1.5\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & force = ma &\Rightarrow&380 \times 1.5 = T - 380g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 4294 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A60 - ID: 7331

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \quad\text{initial acceleration} &\,\,\,=\,\,&5 \div 5\, = \, 1 \, ms^{-2} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{total distance } &=&2 \times \frac{1}{2} 10 \times 5\, = \, 50\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&-5+ 1 \times 4\, = \, -1\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2}\end{steps}}

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A61 - ID: 7387

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad \qquad \text{time} &=&\displaystyle \frac{25 13}{0.5}\, = \, 24 \, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\\text{(b) } & \text{velocity-time graph } &:&\text{attempt} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&& \text{Straight line joining $(0, 16)$ to $(10, 13)$} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&& \text{Straight line joining $(10, 13)$ to $(34, 25)$} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&& \text{Straight line joining $(34, 25)$ to $(63, 25)$} &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}

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A62 - ID: 7402

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \quad \text{velocity-time graph } &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{attempt} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{deceleration} &=&17 \div 12\, = \, 1.42\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\\text{(c) } & \text{distance } &=&17T + 102 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\\text{(d)} & s=ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &=&\frac{1}{2} \times \frac{5}{2} \times(T+6)^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{same distances for A & B} &\Rightarrow&17T + 102 = \frac{5}{4}(T+6)^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 17T + 102 = \frac{5}{4}(T^2+12T + 36)\\ & &\Rightarrow& 68T + 408 = 5T^2+60T + 180\\ & &\Rightarrow& 5T^2-8T - 228=0\\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 7.6, -6 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & T = 7.6 &\Rightarrow& \text{distance = }17(7.6) + 102\, = \, 231.2 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

A63 - ID: 7315

[10 marks, 12 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad\text{velocity zero at} &\,\,\,:\,\,&t = 0, 20, 35 \, s \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B2} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{distance } &=&\frac{1}{2} 20 \times 5\, = \, 50\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{total distance travelled} &=&50 + \frac{1}{2}15 \times 7\, = \, 102.5\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A2} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{distance } &=&50 - \frac{1}{2}15 \times 7\, = \, -2.5\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

A64 - ID: 7353

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad \qquad v = u+at &\,\,\,=\,\,&6.5 + 2 \times 1\, = \, 8.5 \, ms^{-1} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & -6.5 = 8.5 + -5 t &\Rightarrow&5t = 15\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 3\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{time = $1 +3$}\, = \, 4\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A65 - ID: 7269

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{ } & \qquad \qquad \text{1st stage} &=&\frac{1}{2}9\times 10 = 45\, m\\ & \text{2nd stage} &=&T \times 10 = 10T\\ & \text{3rd stage} &=&\frac{1}{2}(72-T)\times 10\, = \, 5(72-T) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{total distance = 430} &\Rightarrow&430 = 45+ 10T + 5(72-T) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 430 = 45+ 10T + 360-5T\\ & &\Rightarrow& 25 = 5T\\ & &\Rightarrow& T =5 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A66 - ID: 1939

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad v^2 = u^2 + 2as &\Rightarrow& v^2 = 3^2 + 2(-9.8)(-7) \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& v^2 = 146.2 \, \Rightarrow \, v = \sqrt{146.2} \quad \, = \, 12.1 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow& -7=3t + \frac{1}{2}(-9.8)t^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 4.9t^2 - 3t -7 =0 \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& t = \frac{3+\sqrt{9+137.2}}{9.8}\quad\, = \, 1.54 \text{ secs} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{factors } &=& \text{air resistance, size of diver} &|\color{#ff0066}{B2}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A67 - ID: 827

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{distance after $5 s$} &=&ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2\, = \, 17\times 5 \frac{1}{2}\times 9.8 \times 5^2 \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=&-37.5\, \Rightarrow \,h = 37.5 m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & v = u+at &=& 17 - 9.8 \times 5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& -32\, \Rightarrow \, v = 32ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A68 - ID: 738

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&0 = 22^2 + 2 \times -9.8 \times h \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& h = 24.69\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&v^2 = 0 + 2 \times 9.8 \times 25.89 \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v^2 = 507.444\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 22.53 \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) } & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&-22.527 = 22 - 9.8t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 4.54\,s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A69 - ID: 7419

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&320 =0 + \frac{1}{2}a(79)^2 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = \frac{640}{6241}\, = \, 0.103\,ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & v=u+at &=&0 + 0.103 \times 79\,= \, 8.1 \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A70 - ID: 2884

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&33 = 0 + \frac{1} {2}a(3)^2 \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 7.333\, ms^{-2} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & v=u+at &=&0 + 7.333\times 3 \, = \, 22 ms^{-1} \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) } & s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &=&22\times 3 - \frac{1} {2}9.8 \times 3^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &=& 21.9\,m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{total height} = 33 + 21.9 \, = \, 54.9\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A71 - ID: 3301

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&256 = u^2 +2 \times 9.8 \times 11.1 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& u^2 = 38.44\\ & &\Rightarrow& u = 6.2\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \qquad v = u + at &\Rightarrow&16 = -6.2+9.8T &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 2.265 \, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A72 - ID: 7388

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad v=u+at &\Rightarrow&0 = u - 2.3g\\ & &\Rightarrow& u = 22.54 \, ms^{-1} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &=&22.54\times 5 - \frac{1}{2}g(5)^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& -9.8\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&v^2 = 22.54^2 - 2g(-70)\, = \, 1880.05 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = \sqrt{1880.05}\, = \, 43.36 \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[3 marks, 4 minutes]

A73 - ID: 5040

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad v=u+at &\Rightarrow&0 = u - 10g \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& u = 98 \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

A74 - ID: 7346

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&2.6 = 0 + \frac{1} {2}gt^2\\ & &\Rightarrow& t^2 = \displaystyle \frac{5.2}{g} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = \displaystyle \sqrt{\frac{5.2}{g}}\, = \, 0.728\, s \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v = u+at &\Rightarrow&v = 0 +0.728 g\, = \, 7.139\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A75 - ID: 7357

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \frac{ }{ } \quad \text{For A} &\Rightarrow&V = 49 -gT \\ & \text{For B} &\Rightarrow&V = 0 + gT \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 49 -gT = gT\\ & &\Rightarrow& 2gT = 49\\ & &\Rightarrow& T = \frac{49}{2g}\, = \, 2.5\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& V = gT\,= \, 24.5\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{For A} &\Rightarrow& s= ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2\, = \, 49(2.5)-\frac{1}{2}g(2.5)^2\, = \, 91.875\\ & \text{For B} &\Rightarrow& s= ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2\, = \, \frac{1}{2}g(2.5)^2\, = \, 30.625\\ & &\Rightarrow& H = 91.875 + 30.625\, = \, 122.5\, m &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A76 - ID: 1887

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad (\updownarrow) &\Rightarrow&P \sin 47 = 50\, N \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad & |\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = 68.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & (\leftrightarrow) &\Rightarrow&Q = P \cos 47 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& Q = 46.6 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A77 - ID: 3052

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & (\leftrightarrow) \quad T \sin 50 &=&60\qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = \frac{60}{\sin 50} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T =78.3N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & (\updownarrow) W &=&T \cos 50&|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& W = 78.3\cos 50\\ & &\Rightarrow& W = 50.3N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A78 - ID: 1910

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & (\updownarrow) \qquad T \cos 40 &\,\,\,=\,\,&6\qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T = \frac{6}{\cos 40} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T =7.83N &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & (\leftrightarrow)\quad T \sin 40&=&F &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& F = 7.83\sin 40\\ &&\Rightarrow& F = 5.03N &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A79 - ID: 1913

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & (\leftrightarrow ) \quad 60 \cos 30 &=&T \cos \ 70 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & T &=& 60 \cos 30 \div \cos \ 70 \quad\\ & &=& 151.9 \, N &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & (\updownarrow) \qquad \qquad W &=& 60\sin 30 + 151.9\sin 70&| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&=& 172.7 \, N &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A80 - ID: 608

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad (\leftrightarrow) &\Rightarrow& T\cos 30 = 5\qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 5.77N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & (\updownarrow) &\Rightarrow&T + T\sin 30 = W &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& W = 5.77(1+ \sin 30)\, = \, 8.66\,N &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A81 - ID: 812

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad (\updownarrow) &\Rightarrow& P\sin 27 = 20\qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = 44.05N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & (\leftrightarrow) &\Rightarrow&Q = P\cos27&| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& Q = 39.25N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A82 - ID: 2957

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad T_1 \sin 45 = T_2 \sin 45 &\Rightarrow&T_1 = T_2 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&T \cos 45 + T \cos 45 \, = \, 7g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = \displaystyle \frac{ 7g}{2 \cos 45 } &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 48.51 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&76 \cos 45 \, = \, mg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& m = \displaystyle \frac{ 76\cos 45}{g} \, = \, 5.48 \, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A83 - ID: 7276

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \text{resolve $\leftrightarrow$} &\Rightarrow&T \sin 24 = 20 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 49.2\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&T \cos 24 \, = W &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& W = 44.9\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}

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A84 - ID: 2886

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad (\nearrow) &\Rightarrow& 4g\sin 20 = 56\cos \theta \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \cos \theta = \displaystyle \frac{4g\sin 20}{56}\, = \, 0.24 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & (\nwarrow) &\Rightarrow&R = 4g\cos20 + 56\sin \theta &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 91.21N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & F=ma &\Rightarrow&56\cos 20- 4g\sin 20 = 4a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 39.22 = 4a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 9.8\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A85 - ID: 7303

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad (\updownarrow) &\Rightarrow& T_{AP} \sin \theta = 6g\qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T_{AP} = \displaystyle \frac{6g}{\sin 32}\, = \, 110.96\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & (\leftrightarrow) &\Rightarrow&T_{BP} = T_{AP} \cos \theta\, = \, 110.96\cos 32\, = \, 94.1\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[17 marks, 20 minutes]

A86 - ID: 7350

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{information} &\Rightarrow&\text{ring is smooth; box in equilibrium; string is light} \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B2} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Resolve $\leftrightarrow$} &\Rightarrow&55\cos \alpha = 55 \cos \beta\\ & &\Rightarrow& \alpha = \beta &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&55\sin \alpha + 55 \sin \beta = 10g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1B2A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 110\sin \alpha = 10g\\ & &\Rightarrow& \sin \alpha = \frac{10g}{110}\, \Rightarrow \, \alpha = \sin^{-1} \frac{10g}{110}\, = \, 63 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&T_{P} \sin 45 + T_Q \sin 21 = 10g &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Resolve $\leftrightarrow$} &\Rightarrow&T_{P} \cos 45 = T_Q \cos 21 + 6 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T_Q \cos 21 + 6 + T_Q \sin 21 = 10g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T_Q (\cos 21 + \sin 21) = 10g - 6\\ & &\Rightarrow& T_Q = \displaystyle \frac{10g - 6}{\cos 21 + \sin 21}\, = \, 71.2\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T_{P} = \displaystyle \frac{T_Q \cos 21 + 6}{\cos 45}\, = \, 102.5\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A87 - ID: 7404

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{Resolve $\leftrightarrow$} &\Rightarrow&F\sin \beta = 0.2 \sin \alpha &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& F = \displaystyle \frac{0.2 \sin 44}{\sin 61}\, = \, 0.1588\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&F\cos\alpha + 0.2 \cos \beta = mg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 0.1143+ 0.097 = mg\\ & &\Rightarrow& m =0.022 \, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A88 - ID: 5484

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \quad \qquad \qquad \qquad \tan \theta &\,\,\,= \,\,&\displaystyle \frac{2}{1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \theta = 63.4 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{angle} = 153.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & (8i - 6j) + (pi + qj) &=&(8+p)i - (6 - q)j &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 6-q = 2(8+p) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 2p + q + 10= 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & q = 2 &\Rightarrow&p = -6 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 2i - 4j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& |R| = \sqrt{20} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \sqrt{20} = m 6\sqrt{6} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& m = \frac{\sqrt{20}}{6\sqrt{6}} \, = \, 0.3 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A89 - ID: 7354

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \quad \qquad force = ma &\Rightarrow&\pmatrix{-5 \cr 11 } + \pmatrix{a \cr b } = 6\pmatrix{2 \cr 3 } &|\color{#ff0066}{M1B2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \pmatrix{-5+a \cr 11+b } =\pmatrix{12 \cr 18 } \\ & &\Rightarrow& F = \pmatrix{17 \cr 7 } &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \theta &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{17}{7 }\, = \, 67.6 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A90 - ID: 7271

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & (\leftrightarrow ) \quad 48 \cos 29 &\,\,\,=\,\,&T \cos \ 52 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & T &=& 48 \cos 29 \div \cos \ 52 \quad\\ & &=& 68.2 \, N &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & (\updownarrow) \qquad \qquad mg &=& 48\sin 29 + 68.2\sin 52&| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 77 \, N\\ &&\Rightarrow& m =7.9 \, kg &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A91 - ID: 1888

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad (\nwarrow) R &\,\,\,=\,\,&5g\cos 35+45\sin 35\qquad \qquad \qquad \quad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ &&=& 65.95N &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & (\swarrow) F&=&45\cos 35-5g\sin 35 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&=& 8.76N &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & F=\mu R &\Rightarrow&\mu = \frac{F}{R}\, = \, \frac{8.76}{65.95}&| \color{#ff0066}{M2} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \mu \, = \, 0.13 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A92 - ID: 1890

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad \qquad \text{R} &\,\,\,=\,\,& \text{ Reaction force; F = Resistant force} \\ & (\updownarrow) \quad R &=&0.7\times 9.8 \, + \, 2\sin \alpha &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 7.754\,N &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &(\leftrightarrow) \quad F &=&2\cos \alpha &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &=& 1.789\,N &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & F=\mu R&\Rightarrow& \mu \,=\, \frac{F}{R} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \mu \, = \, 0.231 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

A93 - ID: 1909

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a } & \qquad (\updownarrow) \qquad R\cos 30 &\,\,\,=\,\,&5g+F\cos60 \qquad \qquad \qquad \quad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & 0.866R &=& 5g+0.5R\times 0.5 &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \Rightarrow R &=&79.5 \, N&| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \quad (\leftrightarrow) \quad H &=&F\cos 30 + R\cos 60&| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & H &=& 0.5\times79.5\times 0.866+79.5\times0.5\\ & H &=& 74.2\, N &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & (\swarrow) \quad weight &=&5g \cos 60\, = \, 24.5 \,N &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & R1 &=& 5g\cos30 \, = \, 42.4\, N &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & F1 \text{max} &=& 0.5R1 \, = \, 21.2 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & 24.5 > 21.2 &\Rightarrow& \text{box moves}&| \color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A94 - ID: 1911

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \swarrow & F + 1.6g \sin 28 &\,\,\,=\,\,&T \cos 19 \qquad (1) \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \nwarrow & R + T \sin 19&=&1.6g \cos 28 \qquad (2) &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & F &=&\frac{1}{4}R \qquad (3) &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & (1),(3) &\Rightarrow&\frac{1}{4}R + 1.6 g\sin 28 = T \cos 19 \quad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 4T \cos 19 6.4g \sin 28 \qquad (4) &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & (2),(4) &\Rightarrow&4T \cos 19 - 6.4 g\sin 28 + T \sin 19 = 1.6 g\cos 28 \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& (4\cos 19 + \sin 19)T = 1.6g \cos 28 + 6.4g \sin 28 \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& T = \frac{ 1.6g \cos 28 + 6.4g \sin 28 }{4\cos 19 + \sin 19 } &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T = 10.54 \text{ newtons} &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A95 - ID: 1912

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} (\nwarrow )& \qquad \qquad \qquad R &=&7g \cos \alpha+ 17\sin \alpha\qquad \qquad \quad &| \color{#ff0066}{M2} \qquad \\ & &=& 5.6g+10.2 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ (\nearrow) & \quad F + 17\cos \alpha &=&7g \sin \alpha &| \color{#ff0066}{M2} \qquad \\ & F + 13.6 &=& 4.2g &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \mu &=& \frac{F}{R}\, = \, \frac{4.2g -13.6 }{5.6g+10.2 }\quad\\ & &=& 0.423&| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

A96 - ID: 7284

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \text{Resolve perpendicular to the plane} &\Rightarrow&15= F\sin 31 + 9 \cos 31 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& F = 14.15 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Resolve parallel to the plane} &\Rightarrow&F \cos 31 = 9 \sin 31 + 15\mu &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 15\mu = 14.15 \cos 31 - 9 \sin 31\\ & &\Rightarrow& \mu = 0.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{normal reaction} &=&9 \cos 31 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{component down slope} &=& 9 \sin 31\, = \, 4.6\, N\\ & \text{maximum friction} &=& \mu \times 9 \cos 31\, = \, 3.9\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1} \qquad \\ & 3.9 < 4.6 &\Rightarrow&\text{parcel moves down slope} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

A97 - ID: 2915

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{ } & \qquad \text{Resolve $\nearrow$ up the plane} &\Rightarrow&F + 38\cos 30 = 95 sin 30 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& F = 95 sin 30 - 38\cos 30\, = \, 14.59 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A98 - ID: 7273

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & (\leftrightarrow ) \qquad F =\mu R &\Rightarrow&P \cos 19 = \mu R \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1A1} \qquad \\ & \updownarrow &\Rightarrow& R + P \sin 19 = 24g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P \cos 19 = 0.4(24g - P \sin 19) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P( \cos 19 + 0.4\sin 19) = 9.6g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = \displaystyle \frac{9.6g}{ \cos 19 + 0.4\sin 19}\, = \, 87.5\,N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A99 - ID: 7280

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad \qquad \qquad \text{R} &\,\,\,=\,\,& \text{ normal reaction; F = frictional force} \\ \text{(a)} & (\updownarrow) &\Rightarrow&R + \, 1.2\sin 44 = 0.25\times 9.8 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow & R = 1.62\,N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} &(\leftrightarrow) \quad F &=&1.2\cos 44\, = \, 0.86\,N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \mu \,=\, \displaystyle \frac{F}{R} &=& \displaystyle \frac{0.86}{1.62} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 0.534 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A100 - ID: 3305

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad (\nwarrow ) R &=&5g \cos 30 + 44 \sin 52 \qquad \qquad \quad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &=& 77.108 \, N &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & (\searrow ) &\Rightarrow &F+ 5g \sin 30 = 44 \cos 52 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& F = 2.589 \, N &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & F = \mu R &\Rightarrow&\mu = 2.589 \div 77.108\, = \, 0.034 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A101 - ID: 7334

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & (\leftrightarrow ) \qquad \text{frictional force} &=&17 \sin 60 - 17 \sin 35\\ & &=& 4.972 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{direction: to the left} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & (\updownarrow ) &\Rightarrow &N+ 17 \cos 60 + 17 \cos 35 = 30 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& N = 7.574 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & F = \mu R &\Rightarrow&\mu = \frac{4.972}{7.574}\, = \, 0.656 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A102 - ID: 7397

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad (\nwarrow ) R &=&1.44g \cos 33\, = \, 11.835 \, N \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & (\swarrow ) &\Rightarrow &F= 1.44g \sin 33\, = \,7.686 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & F = \mu R &\Rightarrow&\mu = 7.686 \div 11.835\, = \, 0.649 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2}\end{steps}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

A103 - ID: 5714

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & (\updownarrow ) \qquad R\cos \alpha + F \sin \alpha &\,\,\,=\,\,&2.9g \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & F = 0.6R &\Rightarrow&R = \displaystyle \frac{2.9g}{\cos \alpha + 0.6\sin \alpha} &| \color{#ff0066}{B1M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 24.5 \, N &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & (\leftrightarrow) \qquad H + 0.6R\cos \alpha &=&R\sin \alpha &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& H = R \sin \alpha -0.6R\cos \alpha\\ & &\Rightarrow& H = 2.94 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A104 - ID: 6975

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & (\leftrightarrow ) \qquad F &\,\,\,=\,\,&P \cos 38 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & F &=& 0.2R &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & (\updownarrow) P \sin 38 + R &=&16g &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P \cos 38 = 0.2(16g - P \sin 38) &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P( \cos 38 + 0.2\sin 38) = 3.2g &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = \displaystyle \frac{3.2g}{ \cos 38 + 0.2\sin 38}\, = \, 34 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A105 - ID: 7342

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & (\leftrightarrow ) \qquad force = ma &\Rightarrow&20 \cos 30 = 3a \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 5.77\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{normal reaction} &=&3g + 20\sin 30\, = \, 39.4\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{friction force} &=&20 \cos 30\, = \, 17.32\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \mu = \frac{F}{N} &=&\frac{17.32}{39.4}\, = \, 0.44 &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1}\end{steps}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

A106 - ID: 1906

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Forces at B} &\Rightarrow&9mg - T = 9m.\frac{1}{2}g\\ &&\Rightarrow & T = 9mg - 9m.\frac{1}{2}g \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & T = 4.5mg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{ Forces at A}& \Rightarrow &T-F-3mg.\frac{3}{5}=3m.\frac{1}{2}g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\&& \Rightarrow & F=T-3mg.\frac{3}{5}-3m.\frac{1}{2}g\\&& \Rightarrow & F=(\frac{9}{2}-\frac{9}{5}-\frac{3}{2}) mg\\&& \Rightarrow & F=\frac{12}{10} mg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & N &=&3mg.\frac{4}{5} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \mu=\frac{F}{N}=\frac{12}{10}\times \frac{5} {12}=0.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A107 - ID: 1907

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & v^2=u^2+2as&\Rightarrow&7^2 = 9^2+2a\times 4 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& a = -4 ms^{-2}&|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \quad \qquad F &=&8g\sin 17 + 8\times 4 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & N &=&8g\cos 17 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \mu &=&\frac{F}{N} \quad = \quad \frac{8g\sin 17 + 8\times 4 }{8g\cos 17 } &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&=& \frac{9.8\sin17 + 4 }{9.8\cos 17 } \qquad \\ &&=& 0.733 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v^2=u^2+2as&\Rightarrow&0 = 7^2+2\times -4s\\ &&\Rightarrow& 8s = 49 \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& s = 6.1 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{max AC = } 4+6.1 \, = \, 10.1 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A108 - ID: 1908

[10 marks, 12 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad (\nwarrow) \qquad \quad R &\,\,\,=\,\,&3g \cos 35 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & F = \mu R &\Rightarrow&F = 0.5 \times 3g \cos 35 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& F = 12 \, Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & (\nearrow ) \qquad 3a &=&-F - 3g \sin 35 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 3a = -12 16.9 \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& a = -9.635 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow& 0=6^2- 19.27 s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& s = \frac{36}{19.27} \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& s = 1.87 \, m. &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

A109 - ID: 7288

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \text{Resolve perpendicular to the plane} &\Rightarrow&R = 0.4g \cos \theta\, = \, 0.32g \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Resolve parallel to the plane} &\Rightarrow&5 = F +0.4g \sin \theta &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & F = \mu R &\Rightarrow& 5 = 0.32g \mu +0.24g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \mu = 0.84 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & F=ma &\Rightarrow&5a = 5g \sin \theta 0.84 \times 5g \cos \theta &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 5a = 3g 3.38g\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = -0.74ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

A110 - ID: 374

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & f = \mu R &\Rightarrow&P \cos 17 = \mu R \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R + P \sin 17 = 28g &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P \cos 17 = \mu(28g - P \sin 17)\\ & &\Rightarrow& (\cos 17 +\mu \sin 17) P= 28\mu g \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = \frac{28\mu g}{\cos 17 +\mu \sin 17} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = \frac{82.32}{1.044}\, = \, 79\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \updownarrow &\Rightarrow&R + 110\sin 17 = 28g\\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 242.2 &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & \leftrightarrow &\Rightarrow&110\cos 17 - \mu R = 28a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = \frac{110\cos 17 - 0.3\times 242.2}{28}\, = \, 1.2\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A111 - ID: 7305

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \text{frictional force} &\,\,\, = \,\,&\mu N\, = \, 0.1 \times 13g \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 12.74\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \text{For the block} &\Rightarrow&force = ma\, \Rightarrow \, 13a = T - 12.74 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{For the particle} &\Rightarrow&force = ma\, \Rightarrow \, 4a = 4g - T &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 4a = 4g - (13a + 12.74) &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 17a = 26.46\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 1.556\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&1.8^2 = 0 +2\times 1.556s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& s = 1.041\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[16 marks, 19 minutes]

A112 - ID: 7329

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \qquad \qquad F = \mu R &\Rightarrow&\mu = \frac{4.1}{12.7}\, = \, \frac{41}{127} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{vertical component} &=&12.7-4.1\sin33\, = 10.47\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & \text{frictional force} &=&\frac{41}{127}\times 10.47\, = \, 3.38\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & force = ma &\Rightarrow&4.1\cos33 - 3.38 = \frac{12.7}{g}a &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.05\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A2} \qquad \\ \text{(d) } & \text{vertical component} &=&12.7-4.1\cos33\, = 9.26\, N\\ & \text{frictional force} &=&\frac{41}{127}\times 9.26\, = \, 2.99\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{horizontal component of force} &=&4.1\sin33\, = \, 2.23\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & 2.23 < 2.99&\Rightarrow& \text{frictional force = $2.23 \, N$} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

A113 - ID: 7392

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \text{Normal reaction, $N$} &\,\,\,=\,\,&5.2g\cos \alpha \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Frictional force} &=&\mu N\, = \, \frac{1}{6} \times 5.2g\frac{12}{13}\, = \, \frac{4}{5}g &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & force = ma &\Rightarrow&5.2g \sin \alpha - \frac{4}{5}g = 5.2a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = \left(\frac{5}{13} - \frac{1}{78} \right)g\, = \, 2.26\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & force = ma &\Rightarrow&T - 5.2g\sin \alpha - \frac{4}{5}g = 0 &|\color{#ff0066} {B1M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 27.44\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A114 - ID: 6974

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & F=ma &\Rightarrow&0.7g \sin \theta - F = 0.7a \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & F &=&\frac{1}{4}R &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & R &=&0.7g \cos \theta &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 0.7g \sin \theta - 0.7a = \frac{1}{4}0.7g \cos \theta &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = g \sin \theta - \frac{1}{4}g \cos \theta \, = \, \frac{13}{20}g \, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1A1}\end{steps}}

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A115 - ID: 7321

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Normal reaction, $N$} &\,\,\,=\,\,&10g + 37\sin 30 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 116.5\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Friction force, $F$} &=&37\cos 30\, = \, 32\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & F \leq \mu N &\Rightarrow&\mu \geq \frac{F}{N} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \mu \geq \displaystyle \frac{32}{116.5} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \mu \geq 0.275 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A116 - ID: 7347

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \text{Normal reaction, $N$} &\,\,\,=\,\,&2g\sin 57\, = \, 16.4\, N \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{Friction force, $F$} &=&\mu \times N\, = \, 3.3\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & force = ma &\Rightarrow&2g cos 57 - F = 2a\\ & &\Rightarrow& 10.7 - 3.3 = 2a &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 5.3 - 1.6\, = \, 3.7\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{distance $AC$} &=&\frac{2.6}{\cos57}\, = \, 4.8\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & v^2 = u^2 + 2as &=&0 + 2 \times 3.7 \times 4.8\, = \, 35.3 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow & v = \sqrt{35.3}\, = \, 5.9\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

A117 - ID: 7762

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \qquad \updownarrow &\Rightarrow&R + 54\sin 31 = 15g \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 15g 54\sin 31\, = \, 119.19\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \leftrightarrow &\Rightarrow&F= 54\cos 31\, = \, 46.29\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \mu = \frac{F}{R} &=&\frac{46.29} {119.19}\, = \, 0.388 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & force = ma &\Rightarrow&T \cos31 0.388R = 15 \times 0.8 &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T \cos31 - 0.388(15g - T \sin 31) = 15 \times 0.8 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T (\cos31 + 0.388\sin 31) = 5.82g + 12\\ & &\Rightarrow& T = \frac{5.82g + 12}{\cos31 + 0.388\sin 31}\, = \, 65.31 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}

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A118 - ID: 7299

[15 marks, 18 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&2.7 = 0 + \frac{1}{2}a(3)^2\qquad \qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.6ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Normal reaction, $N$} &=&0.3g\cos 34 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & force=ma &\Rightarrow& 0.3a = 0.3g\sin 34 - F\\ & &\Rightarrow& 0.18 = 0.3g\sin 34 - \mu(0.3g\cos 34) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \mu = \displaystyle \frac{0.3g\sin 34-0.18}{0.3g\cos 34}\, = \, 0.6 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&N \cos 34 = 0.3g + F \sin 34\\ & &\Rightarrow& N \cos 34 = 0.3g + \mu N \sin 34\\ & &\Rightarrow& N (\cos 34- \mu \sin 34) = 0.3g\\ & &\Rightarrow& N = \displaystyle \frac{0.3g}{\cos 34- \mu \sin 34}\, = \, 5.96 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& F = \mu N\, = \, 3.58 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Resolve $\leftrightarrow$} &\Rightarrow&X = F \cos 34 + N \sin 34 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &=& 6.3 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

A119 - ID: 411

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{Cons of lin. mom.}&\Rightarrow&3000 \times 2 - 4 \times 3000 = 6000 \times V &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& V = \frac{-6000} {6000}\quad = \quad-1 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{direction = }\vec{BA} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{impulse by B on A}&=&3000(2--1) &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ &&=&9000Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & F=Ma &\Rightarrow&210=6000a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& a= \frac{210}{6000}=0.035 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&0=-1^2-2 \times 0.035\times d &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& d = \frac{-1^2}{2 \times 0.035} =14.286 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A120 - ID: 1949

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Momentum } &\,\,\,:\,\,& \text{before = after} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 0.8\times 5 - 0.6\times 2.2 = 0.8\times 1.9+ 0.6\times V &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& v = 1.933 \,m/s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Impulse}&=& 0.6(2.2+1.933 )&|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&=& 2.48\,Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[3 marks, 4 minutes]

A121 - ID: 428

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \text{Impulse } &=& mv - mu \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&=& (0.8\times -6) - (0.8\times 9) &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&=& -12\, Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A122 - ID: 1950

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Cons of lin. mom.}&\Rightarrow&1900 \times 6 = (1900 + 1000)V &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& V = \frac{11400}{2900}\quad = \quad3.93ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \qquad \qquad R \times 8&=&2900V &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&=& 11397 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& R = 1424.63 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A123 - ID: 1951

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Momentum of A } &\Rightarrow& 1.2 = 0.9( 2+ V) \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& V = -0.667 \,m/s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Momentum of B}&\Rightarrow&1.2= m(2.4+0.3 )&|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& m = 0.44 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{or } &\Rightarrow& 1.2= m(2.4-0.3 ) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& m = 0.57 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

A124 - ID: 1952

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Cons of mom.}&\Rightarrow&1800 \times 11 + 2400\times 4= 1800\times 5 + 2400\times S &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& S = \frac{20400} {2400}\quad = \quad8.5ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \quad v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&0=5^2 + 2\times -\frac{500}{1800}\times AB &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& AB = \frac{25}{0.5555555555555556} \quad = 45\,m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \qquad v=u+at &\Rightarrow&0 = 5-\frac{500}{1800}t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& t = \frac{9000}{500} \quad\quad = 18 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{PQ} = 9.1\times 18 - 45 \quad = 118.8km &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A125 - ID: 1954

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Cons of lin. mom.}&\Rightarrow&2200 \times 9 = 2200V + 2500 \times 4 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& V = \frac{9800}{2200}\quad = \quad4.45ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{impulse of P on Q} &=&2200(9 - 4.45 ) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&=& 10010\, Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A126 - ID: 1956

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{magnitude} &=& 0.11 \times 3 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \quad \qquad&|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&=& 0.33 \, Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & 0.33 &=&0.11 \times 1.8 + 0.1 \times x \, = \, 0.198 + 0.1 x &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & x &=& \frac{0.132}{0.1} \, = \, 1.32\, m/s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{magnitude} &=&0.33 - 0.198 \, = \, 0.132 \, Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A127 - ID: 804

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \quad \text{let} &\,\,\,:\,\,& \text{speed of $A$ = $v$, speed of $B$ = $2v$} \qquad \\ & CLM &\Rightarrow&0.6\times 6 - 0.3 \times 5 = 0.6 \times v + 0.3 \times 2v \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 2.1 = 1.2v\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 1.75\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{magnitude} &=&0.3\times (5+3.5) \, = \, 2.55\, Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A128 - ID: 618

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad CLM &\Rightarrow&2\times 7 + 4 \times 1 = 6 \times v \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 3\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & CLM &\Rightarrow&6 \times 5 - m \times 5 = -6 \times 4 + m \times 3 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 6.75\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & I &=&6.75(5+3) \, = \, 54\, Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A129 - ID: 763

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad CLM &\Rightarrow&0.5\times 10 - 0.2 \times 5 = 0.5 \times v + 0.2 \times 5 \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 6\, ms^{-1}, \, \text{direction unchanged} &|\color{#ff0066}{A2} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \text{magnitude} &=&0.2\times (5+5) \, = \, 2\, Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{M1B1A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A130 - ID: 485

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad CLM &\Rightarrow&0.5u = 0.5 \times -6 + 0.6 \times 4 \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& u = -1.2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \text{magnitude} &=&0.6\times 4 \, = \, 2.4\, Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) } & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&0=4 + 1.3a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = -3.08 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& F = ma = 0.6 \times 3.08 \, =\, 1.85 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A131 - ID: 2956

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad CLM &\Rightarrow&7\pmatrix{5 \\ -6} + 7\pmatrix{-6 \\ 5} = 14v \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = \frac{1} {14}\pmatrix{-7 \\ -7}\, = \, \pmatrix{-0.5 \\ -0.5} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \text{speed} &=&\sqrt{-0.5^2 + -0.5^2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &=& 0.71 \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A132 - ID: 7274

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{impulse on A} &\,\,\,=\,\,&0.3(9- -3)\, = \, 3.6\, Ns \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & PCM &\Rightarrow&0.3 \times 9 + m \times -5 = 0.3 \times -3 + m \times 3 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 2.7 -5m = -0.9 + 3 m\\ & &\Rightarrow& 3.6= 8 m\\ & &\Rightarrow& m = \frac{9}{20}\, kg &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A133 - ID: 7422

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{CLM} &\Rightarrow&4\times 5 + 2 \times -5 = 6 \times v \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 10 = 6v\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 1.67 \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{CLM} &\Rightarrow&4\times 5 + 2 \times -5 = 4 \times 0.6 + 2v &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 10 = 2.4 + 2v\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 3.8 \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A134 - ID: 2883

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{Impulse} &\,\,\,=\,\,&6(6-2)\, = \, 24\, Ns \qquad & | \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \text{CLM} &\Rightarrow&6\times 6 - m \times 3 \, = \, 6 \times 2 + m \times 3 & | \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 24 = 6m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& m = 4\, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A135 - ID: 3300

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{Impulse = }m(v-u) &\Rightarrow&1.8= 0.9(v - 0) \qquad \qquad \qquad & | \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 2 \, ms^{-1} & | \color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \text{CLM} &\Rightarrow&0.9 \times 2 + 0 = 0.9v + 0.6 \times 3 & | \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 1.8 = 0.9v + 1.7999999999999998\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 2.4671622769447924e-16 \, ms^{-1} & | \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A136 - ID: 4576

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad CLM &\Rightarrow&(32 \times 4) + (50 \times -5) = (32 + 50) \times v & | \color{#ff0066}{B2M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& -122 = 82v\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = -1.49 \, ms^{-1} & | \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{direction = same as 2nd skater} & | \color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A137 - ID: 7304

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad CLM &\Rightarrow&9\pmatrix{3U \cr U} + 13\pmatrix{V \cr -1} = 22\pmatrix{V \cr -1} \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 9U - 13 = -22\\ & &\Rightarrow& U = -1 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & CLM &\Rightarrow&27U + 13V = 22V\\ & &\Rightarrow& 27U = 9V\\ & &\Rightarrow& -27 = 9V\, \Rightarrow \, V = -3 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A138 - ID: 7314

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \quad \qquad CLM &\Rightarrow&m \times 5 + 2 \times - 5 = m \times -0.3 + 2 \times 0.3 \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 5.3m = 10.6\\ & &\Rightarrow& m = 2\, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \text{moves to right} &\Rightarrow&m \times 5 + 2 \times - 5 = (m + 2) \times 0.3 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow&4.7m = 10.6\\ & &\Rightarrow& m = 2.3\, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \text{moves to left} &\Rightarrow&m \times 5 + 2 \times - 5 = (m + 2) \times -0.3 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow&5.3m = 9.4\\ & &\Rightarrow& m = 1.8\, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A139 - ID: 7335

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad \qquad CLM &\Rightarrow&2600 \times 6 + 3300 \times - 3 = 5900 \times v \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B2A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 5700 = 5900v\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 1\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{B has changed direction} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & CLM &\Rightarrow&2600 \times 6 + 3300 \times 3 = 2600 \times -v + 3300 \times v &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 5700 = 700v\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 8.1\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) } & \text{change} &=&2600 \times 6 - 2600 \times -8.1 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &=& 36771.4\,kg ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}

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A140 - ID: 7401

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad CLM &\Rightarrow&1.9 \times 5.6 + 0.047 \times 0 = 1.95 \times v \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M2B2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 10.64 = 1.95v\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 5.5\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & force = ma &\Rightarrow&1.95g - 1147 = 1.95a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = -579.3\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) } & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&0 = 5.5^2 - 1158.6s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 2.61 \, cm &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A141 - ID: 7405

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad CLM &\Rightarrow&3m \times 4u + 4m \times -2u = 3m \times -3u + 4m \times v \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M2B2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 13u = 4v\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = \frac{13}{4}u\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & impulse &=&mv-mu\, = \, 3m(u+3u) &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 12mu \, Ns &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A142 - ID: 5679

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{CLM} &\Rightarrow&km \times 2u - m \times 3u = -km \times 1u + m \times v & | \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 2ku - 3u + 1ku\, = \, 3ku -3u & | \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & k > 2 &\Rightarrow&v > 0 & | \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{direction reversed} & | \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{for B} &\Rightarrow&\text{impulse = $m(3ku -3u - -3u)$}\, = \, 7mu & | \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A143 - ID: 6973

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{For A} & \Rightarrow&-\displaystyle \frac{9mu}{2} = 4m(v_A - 3u) & | \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& -\displaystyle \frac{9}{2}u = 4v_A 12u\\ & &\Rightarrow& v_A = \displaystyle \frac{15}{8}u & | \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{For B} &\Rightarrow&\displaystyle \frac{9mu}{2} = m(v_B - - 3u) & | \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \displaystyle \frac{9}{2}u = v_B + 3u\\ & &\Rightarrow& v_B = \displaystyle \frac{3}{2}u & | \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[3 marks, 4 minutes]

A144 - ID: 7316

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad \text{CLM} & \Rightarrow&2.2\times 12 + 1.8 \times 3 = 4 \times v \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 31.8 = 4 \times v\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 7.95\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A145 - ID: 7339

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{CLM} & \Rightarrow&0.5\times 6 + m \times 0 = 0.5 \times0.6 + m \times 3 \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 2.7 = 3m\\ & &\Rightarrow& m = 0.9\, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \qquad \text{CLM} & \Rightarrow&0.5\times 6 + m \times 0 = 0.5 \times -0.6 + m \times 3 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 3.3 = 3m\\ & &\Rightarrow& m = 1.1\, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

A146 - ID: 7348

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad v_p = u_p+at &\,\,\,=\,\,&9-0.3 \times 2\, = 8.4\, ms^{-1} \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \qquad v_q = u_q+at &\,\,\,=\,\,&0.9-0.3 \times 2\, = 0.3\, ms^{-1} \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{CLM} &\Rightarrow& 0.8 \times 8.4 + 0.3 \times -0.3 = 1.1v\\ & &\Rightarrow& 6.72 -0.09 = 1.1v\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 6.03\, ms^{-1}g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Q stops} & \Rightarrow&0 = 0.9-0.3t\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 3 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \ & s_q = ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &=&0.9\times 3 \frac{1}{2}0.3(3)^2\, = \, 1.35\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & s_p &=& 9\times 4 - \frac{1} {2}0.3(4)^2\, = \, 33.6\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{distance = } 1.35+ 33.6\, = \, 34.95\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A147 - ID: 7764

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{CLM} & \Rightarrow&3\pmatrix{7 \cr -6} + 7 \pmatrix{-3 \cr 5} = 10v \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = \frac{1} {10}\pmatrix{0 \cr 17}\, = \, \pmatrix{0 \cr 1.7} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{speed} &=&\sqrt{0^2 + 1.7^2}\, = \, 1.7ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A148 - ID: 7268

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{impulse on A} &\,\,\,=\,\,&3(16-4)\, = \, 36\, Ns \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & PCM &\Rightarrow&3 \times 16 + m \times -7 = 3 \times 4 + m \times 3 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 48 -7m = 12 + 3 m\\ & &\Rightarrow& 36= 10 m\\ & &\Rightarrow& m = \frac{18}{5}\, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}

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A149 - ID: 7300

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad \qquad \qquad \qquad \text{For $P_1$} &\,\,\,:\,\,&7mg - T = 7m\frac{1}{4} g \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = \frac{21}{4}mg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{For $P_2$} &\,\,\,:\,\,&T - kmg = km\frac{1}{4} g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \frac{21}{4}mg - kmg = km\frac{1}{4} g\\ & &\Rightarrow& \frac{21}{4} = k\frac{5}{4} \\ & &\Rightarrow& k = 4.2 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{smooth} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{acceleration same for both particles} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{For $P_1$, $v=u+at$} &\Rightarrow&v=0 + \frac{1}{4} g \times 1\, = \, 2.45 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & s= ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&s = 0 + \frac{1}{8}g(1)^2\, = \, 1.225 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{For $P_2$, $v^2=u^2+2as$} &\Rightarrow&0 = 2.45^2 - 2gs\\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 0.306 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{greatest height = $2 \times 1.225 +0.306 $} \qquad \\ & &=& 2.756m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A150 - ID: 7765

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&10^2 = 0 + 2 \times 1.4 \times s 0 \quad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 35.7 \,m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{for car and trailer } force = ma &\Rightarrow&3730 - 780 - P = 1900 \times 1.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = 290 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{for trailer } force = ma &\Rightarrow&T 290= 580 \times 1.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 1102 \, N &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A151 - ID: 7340

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{for car and trailer } force = ma &\Rightarrow&D - 890 - 420 = 1760 \times 0 \quad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& D = 1310 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{for trailer } force = ma &\Rightarrow&T-420 = 480 \times 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 420 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{for car and trailer } force = ma &\Rightarrow&D - 890 - 420 = 1760 \times 0.8 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& D = 2718 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{for trailer } force = ma &\Rightarrow&T-420 = 480 \times 0.8 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 804 \, N &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}

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A152 - ID: 7318

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} &\frac{ }{ } \qquad \text{assumption} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{the pulley is smooth} \qquad \qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{assumptions} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{the string is light and inextensible} &|\color{#ff0066}{B2} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{For A} &\,\,\,:\,\,&T - 7g = 7a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{For B} &\,\,\,: \,\,&13g - T = 13a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 6g = 20a \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 2.94\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&v = 0 + 2.94 \times 0.6\, = \, 1.76\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&s = \frac{1}{2}2.94 \times 0.36\, = \, 0.5292\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& d = 2 \times s\, = \, 1.058\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

A153 - ID: 6976

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Whole system} &\Rightarrow&1200 - 400 -300 = 1000a \qquad \qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{For trailer} &\Rightarrow&T - 300 = 160 \times 0.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 380\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{For trailer} &\Rightarrow&300 + 110 = 160f &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& f = 2.563\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{For the car} &\Rightarrow&400 + F - 110 = 840f &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& F = 1862.5 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[16 marks, 19 minutes]

A154 - ID: 5715

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} &\frac{ }{ } \qquad T - 5g \sin \alpha &\,\,\,=\,\,&5a \qquad \qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & 18g - T &=& 18a &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 18g - 5g \sin \alpha = 23a \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.65g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & T &=&5a + 5g \sin \alpha\, = \, 6.26g &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{ for Q} &\Rightarrow&7g - N = 7a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& N = 2.435\, g &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & F &=&2T \cos \frac{90\alpha}{2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &=& 12.52g \cos 26.57\, = \, 109.76 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A155 - ID: 7407

[12 marks, 14 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad \text{For $P, force=ma$} &\Rightarrow&T - 4g = 4a \qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{For $Q, force=ma$} &\Rightarrow&7g - T = 7a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 7g - 4g = 11a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 2.673 \, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 4g +10.691\, = \, 49.891 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{For P $ v = u+at$} &\Rightarrow&0 = 0.9 - gt\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 0.092\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &s= ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &=&0.9(0.092)-\frac{1}{2}g(0.092)^2\, = \, 4.13\, cm &|\color{#ff0066}{M1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A156 - ID: 7399

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad \text{Forces on $m \, kg$ box}& \Rightarrow &T = ma \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Forces on $5 m \, kg$ box} & \Rightarrow &5mg - T = 5ma &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & & \Rightarrow & 5mg - ma = 5ma\\ & & \Rightarrow & 5mg = 6ma\\ & & \Rightarrow & a = \displaystyle \frac{5g}{6} \, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&2u = u + \displaystyle\frac{5g}{6}S &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& u = \displaystyle\frac{5g}{6}S\, \Rightarrow \, S = \displaystyle\frac{6u}{5g} \, s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A157 - ID: 7390

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \text{For P $force=ma$} &\Rightarrow&T-7g = 7a \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1B1} \qquad \\ & \text{For Q $force=ma$} &\Rightarrow&13g - T = 13a &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 13g - (7a + 7g) = 13a\\ & &\Rightarrow& 6g = 20a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 2.94\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 7a + 7g\, = \, 89.18 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A158 - ID: 7337

[16 marks, 19 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad \qquad \text{Normal reaction} &\,\,\,=\,\,&0.3g \cos 45\, = \, 2.079 \, N \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \text{friction force = $1 \times N$} &=&2.079 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & force = ma &\Rightarrow&0.6a = 0.6g\sin 45 - 2.079 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 3.465\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{For $Q$} &\Rightarrow&0.3a = T + 0.3g\sin 45 -2.079 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 1.04\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{For Q $s = 0.7$} &\Rightarrow&v^2=u^2+2as\\ & &\Rightarrow& v^2 = 0 + 2 \times 3.465 \times 0.7\, = \, 4.851\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 2.2\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{For $Q$, $force = ma$} &\Rightarrow&0.3a = 0.3g\cos sin45 - 2.079\, = \, 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0 \, \Rightarrow \, \text{constant velocity} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{time for $Q$ } &=&3 \div 2.2\, = \, 1.36 &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{time for $P$} &\Rightarrow&s= ut+\frac{1} {2}at^2\\ & &\Rightarrow& 2.3 = 2.2t + \frac{1}{2}gsin 45t^2\\ & &\Rightarrow& 3.46t^2 + 2.2t - 2.3 = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 0.56 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{time interval = }0.81\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[15 marks, 18 minutes]

A159 - ID: 7330

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{For $P, s = ut+ \frac{1}{2}at^2$} &\Rightarrow&s = \frac{1}{2} \times 1.1 \times 1.2^2\, = \,0.792\,m \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & v=u+at &=&1.1 \times 1.2\, = \, 1.32\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{For Q $ v^2 = u^2 + 2as$} &\Rightarrow&0 = 1.32^2 - 2gs\\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 0.089\, m &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&0 = 1.32- gt\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 0.135\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{total time} = 1.335\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{For P $force = ma$} &\Rightarrow&m_P g - 5.9 = m_P\times 1.1\\ & &\Rightarrow& m_P = 0.678\, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{For Q $force = ma$} &\Rightarrow&5.9 - m_Qg = m_Q \times 1.1\\ & &\Rightarrow& m_Q = 0.541\, kg &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{tension} &=&0.3g + 2 \times 5.9\, = \, 14.74\, N &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & \text{tension} &=&0.3g\, = \, 2.94\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}

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A160 - ID: 7310

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{Forces at B}& \Rightarrow &3g - T = 3 \times 0.8 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & T = 27 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{magnitude} &=&4g &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{forces at A} &\Rightarrow&T - F = 4 \times 0.8\\ & &\Rightarrow& 27 - F = 4 \times 0.8\\ & &\Rightarrow& F = 23.8 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \mu &=&\frac{F}{R}\, = \, \frac{23.8}{4g}\, = \, 0.607 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[15 marks, 18 minutes]

A161 - ID: 5555

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} &\frac{ }{ } \qquad \qquad s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&8 = 0 + \frac{1}{2}a3^2\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = \frac{16}{9} ms^{-2} \qquad \qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & N2L &\Rightarrow&30 - \mu 5g = 5a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \mu = 0.431 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & N2L \text{ for P} &\Rightarrow&T - \mu3g = 3a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 18\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{comment} &\Rightarrow& \text{The acceleration of P and Q is the same.} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&v = 5.333 &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & N2L \text{ for system} &\Rightarrow&-5\mu g = 5a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = - \mu g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & v = u + at &\Rightarrow&0 = 5.333 - \mu g t\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 1.263 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

A162 - ID: 4578

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad F=ma &\Rightarrow&-150 = 250a \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = -0.6\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & F=ma &\Rightarrow&900 \times -0.6 = D 600&|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& D = 60 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) } & v^2=u^2 + 2as &\Rightarrow&15^2 = 18^2 + 2 \times -0.6 \times s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 82.5\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & F=ma &\Rightarrow&1150a = 980 + 1150g\sin3 - 750 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.713\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & F=ma &\Rightarrow&250a = P + 250g\sin3 150 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = 200\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A163 - ID: 2907

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$ at sphere} &\Rightarrow&mg = 58.9\, \Rightarrow \, m = 6\, kg \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Resolve $\leftrightarrow$ at block} &\Rightarrow&F = 58.9\cos 50\, \Rightarrow \, F = 37.9\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) } & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$ at block} &\Rightarrow&R + 58.9\sin 50 = 11g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R =107.8-58.9\sin 50 \, = \, 62.7\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[15 marks, 18 minutes]

A164 - ID: 2889

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad \text{Forces at B}& \Rightarrow &2mg - T = \frac{3}{8}\,g \times 2m \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & T = \frac{10}{8}mg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Forces at A} & \Rightarrow &T - \mu mg = \frac{3}{8}\,g \times m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & & \Rightarrow & \frac{10}{8}mg = \frac{3}{8}\,mg + \mu mg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \\ & & \Rightarrow & \frac{10}{8} = \frac{3}{8} + \mu\\ & & \Rightarrow & \mu = \frac{7}{8} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&v^2 = 0 + 2 \times \frac{3}{8}\,g \times h \, = \, \frac{6}{8}gh &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{deceleration of A } ma &=&\mu \times mg\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = \mu g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{At P } v^2 &=& u^2+2as\, = \, \frac{6}{8}gh - 2\mu g \times \frac{1}{2}h\\ & &=& \frac{6}{8}gh - \frac{14}{16}gh\, = \, \frac{-2}{16}gh\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = \sqrt{ \frac{-2}{16}gh} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{comment} &\Rightarrow& \text{same tension on A and B} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A165 - ID: 7770

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \text{for the caravan } f=ma &\Rightarrow&T 800 = 800 \times 0.7 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 1360\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{for car & caravan} f=ma &\Rightarrow&D 340 - 800 = 2300 \times 0.7 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& D = 2750\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A166 - ID: 7281

[17 marks, 20 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&2.113 = \frac{1}{2}a(1.3)^2 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 2.5\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$ for P} &:& 0.5a = 0.5g - T &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 3.7\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$ for Q} &:& ma = T - mg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& m(2.5 + g) = T \\ & &\Rightarrow& m = 0.3\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{string inextensible} &:&\text{acceleration same for P and Q} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & \text{speed of P when strikes ground} &=&v=u+at\, = \, 2.5 \times 1.3\, = \, 3.25 \, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Speed for Q } &=&v=u+at\\ & &\Rightarrow& 3.25 = -3.25+ 9.8t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 0.66 \, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A167 - ID: 2958

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{At $A$} &\,\,\,:\,\,&3.77g - T = 3.77a \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{At $B$} &\,\,\,:\,\,&T - 1.56g = 1.56a &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 3.77g - ( 1.56a + 1.56g) = 3.77a\\ & &\Rightarrow& 2.21g = 5.33a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 4.06\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & T &=&1.56a + 1.56g\, = \, 21.63\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) } & s = 1.5 &\Rightarrow&v^2 = u^2 + 2as &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v^2 = 0 + 2 \times 4.06 \times 1.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v^2 = 12.19\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 3.49 ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A168 - ID: 2914

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad F=ma &\Rightarrow&P - 1000N = 19400 \times 0.6 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = 12640 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & F=ma &\Rightarrow&12640 - 3300N = 19400a \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.481 \, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) } & \text{Resolve $\leftrightarrow$ at A} &\Rightarrow&T - 2950 \, = \, 9700\times 0.481\\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 7620 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

A169 - ID: 2913

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad \text{Reason} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{string is light and pulley is smooth} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$ at Q} &\Rightarrow&T = 13g\\ \text{ } & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$ at P} &\Rightarrow&F = 18g - T \, = \, 5g \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{thrust} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}

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A170 - ID: 530

[16 marks, 19 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad A &\Rightarrow&T - 4g\sin 30 = 4a \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & B &\Rightarrow& 4g - T = 4\times a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{solving} &\Rightarrow&4g - (4a + 4g\sin 30) = 4 a\\ & &\Rightarrow& 2g = 8a \, \Rightarrow \, a = 2.45 \, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) } & T &=&4a + 4g\sin 30 \, = \, 29.4 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d) } & \text{strings inextensible} &:&\text{The accelerations of A and B are equal} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&v^2 = 0 + 2\times 2.45\times 0.5 \, = \, 2.45 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v =1.57 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(f) } & \text{at $A$} &\Rightarrow&-4g \sin 30 = 4a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = -4.9 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&0 = 1.57t+ \frac{1}{2}-4.9t^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 0.64\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

A171 - ID: 7296

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Car & trailer} &\Rightarrow&2010a = 2420 - 260 - 640\qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.756\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{For trailer} &\Rightarrow&640 \times 0.756 = T - 260 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 744\,N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{For car} &\Rightarrow&1370a = 2420 - 640 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 1.299\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Distance} &=&12\times 3 + \frac{1}{2}1.299 \times 3^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 41.8\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{Inextensible} &\Rightarrow&\text{same acceleration for car and trailer} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

A172 - ID: 3158

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{At A} &\,\,\,:\,\,&4mg \sin 21 T = 4m.\frac{1}{10}g \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 1.033mg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{At B} &:&R = mg \cos 21 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &:& T mg \sin 21 F = m.\frac{1}{10}g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & F = \mu R &\Rightarrow& 1.033mg mg \sin 21 m.\frac{1}{10}g = \mu mg \cos 21 &|\color{#ff0066}{M2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \mu = 0.62 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{magnitude} &=&2T \cos 69\, = \, 0.741mg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{direction} &=&\text{vertically downward} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}

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A173 - ID: 1957

[13 marks, 16 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad \text{For truck} &\,\,\,:\,\,& 2200- 800 - T = 1000a \quad [1] \quad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \text{For car} &:& T - 300 = 900a \quad [2] &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & [1] + [2] &:& 1100=1900a \quad \\ &&\Rightarrow& a = 0.58 \, m/s^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & [2] &\Rightarrow&T = 300 + 900a \, = \, 300 + 900\times 0.58&|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T = 822Ns &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{if rope not broke} &:&v = u+at \Rightarrow 30 = 19+0.58 t \\ &&\Rightarrow& t = 18.97 &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A1} \qquad \\ & \text{if rope broke} &:&2200 - 800 = 1000a\\ &&\Rightarrow& a = 1.4 \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& 30 = 19+ 1.4 t \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& t = 7.86 &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 18.97 - 7.86 \,=\, 11.11 \, s \text{ earlier} & | \color{#ff0066}{M1}\end{steps}}
[16 marks, 19 minutes]

A174 - ID: 1955

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Forces at B}& \Rightarrow &1.3g - T = 1.3\times a\\ &&\Rightarrow & T = 1.3g - 1.3a \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Forces at A} & \Rightarrow &T = 0.8a &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{eliminate a} & \Rightarrow &T = 1.3g - 1.3\frac{T}{0.8} \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& 2.625T = 1.3g \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& T = 0.495g \, = \, 4.851\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & s=ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&4.5 = \frac{1}{2}\frac{T}{0.8}t^2 \, = \, \frac{0.495g }{1.6}t^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& t^2 = 1.4842300556586272 \quad \\ &&\Rightarrow& t = 1.22 &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{Forces at A}& \Rightarrow &T - \frac{1}{5}0.8g = 0.8a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 0.8a = T - \frac{1}{5}0.8g \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& 0.8a = 1.3g - 1.3a - \frac{1}{5}0.8g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 2.1a = 1.14g \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& a = 0.543g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & s=ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow& 4.5 = \frac{1}{2}(0.543g )t^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& t^2 = \frac{9}{0.543g} \quad \, \Rightarrow t = 1.3 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A175 - ID: 1953

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Forces at B}& \Rightarrow &3g - T = 3\times 0.4g\\ &&\Rightarrow & T = 3g - 1.2g \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & T = 17.64N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Forces at A}& \Rightarrow &T-mg.\sin{25}= m\times 0.4g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & 1.8g-0.42mg=0.4mg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & 1.8=0.82m \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow & m = 2.19 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&v^2 = 0 + 2\times 0.4g\times 0.2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& v = \sqrt{ 1.568} \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{impulse} = 3 \times \sqrt{ 1.568} \, = \, 3.757N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&0=\sqrt{ 1.568} -(g\sin 25)t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& t=\frac{\sqrt{ 1.568}}{(9.8\sin 25)}&|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& t=0.302 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A176 - ID: 1889

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{At A}(\updownarrow) \quad F = ma &\Rightarrow& T - 7mg = 7ma \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T - 7mg \, = \, 7m(\frac{2}{4}g) \, &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T \, = \, 7mg + 7m(\frac{2}{4}g) \, = \, \frac{42}{4}mg &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{At B}(\updownarrow) \quad F = ma &\Rightarrow&kmg - T = kma &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& kmg -\frac{42}{4}mg \, = \, km\frac{2}{4}g \, &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& k -\frac{42}{4} \, = \, k\frac{2}{4} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 4k -42 \, = \, 2k \, &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& k \, = \, 21 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

A177 - ID: 855

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \underline{F}&\,\,\,=\,\,&(6+3) \underline{i} + (2-5)\underline{j} \\ &&=& (9 \underline{i} \, -3\underline{j}) N \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Angle} &=& 90 + \tan^{-1}\frac{3 }{9} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&=& 90 + 18.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&=& 108.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & F=ma &\Rightarrow&(9 \underline{i} \, -3\underline{j})= 5\underline{a} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \underline{a}= (1.8 \underline{i} \, -0.6\underline{j})ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \underline{v}=\underline{u}+ \underline{a} t&\Rightarrow&\underline{v}\, = \, (-4 \underline{i} + 3 \underline{j})+3 (1.8 \underline{i} \, -0.6\underline{j})&|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \underline{v}\, = \, (1.4 \underline{i} + 1.2 \underline{j})&|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{speed } = \, \sqrt{1.4^2 + 1.2^2}\, = \,1.84ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A178 - ID: 892

[7 marks, 8 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad F=ma &\Rightarrow&3\underline{i} - 9\underline{j} = 3a\\ &&\Rightarrow& a = (1 \underline{i} - 3\underline{j}) N \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& |a| = \sqrt{1^2 + 3^2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& |a| = 3.16 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \underline{v}=\underline{u}+ \underline{a} t&\Rightarrow&\underline{v}= (2\underline{i} + 3\underline{j}) + 4(1 \underline{i} 3\underline{j}) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \underline{v} = 6\underline{i} 9\underline{j} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A179 - ID: 509

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & v=u+at&\Rightarrow&(-11 \underline{i} + 18 \underline{j}) = (7 \underline{i} - 28 \underline{j})+ 2(a \underline{i} + b \underline{j}) \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & (\underline{i} ) &\Rightarrow& -11 = 7 + 2a \, \Rightarrow \, a = -9 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & (\underline{j} ) &\Rightarrow& 18 = -28 + 2b \, \Rightarrow \, b = 23\quad \\ & \text{acc} &=& (-9 \underline{i} + 23 \underline{j}) &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & F = Ma &\Rightarrow& F = 0.5(-9 \underline{i} + 23 \underline{j}) \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& F = (-4.5 \underline{i} + 11.5 \underline{j}) N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{magnitude} = \sqrt{-4.5^2 + 11.5^2} \, = \,12.349 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

A180 - ID: 1948

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{at greatest height } v^2 = u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&0 = u^2 + 2(-g)25.5 \qquad \quad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & u^2 = 499.8 \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow & u = 22.356 \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{at greatest height, } v=u+at &\Rightarrow&0 = 22.356 - 9.8t \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& t= 2.281&|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \text{at ground, } s=ut+ \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&26.5= \frac{1}{2}9.8t^2 \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& t^2 = 5.408 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& t = 2.326 \quad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T = 2.281+2.326 = 4.61 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{at ground }v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&v^2 = 2.g.26.5 \quad \\ &&\Rightarrow& v^2 = 519.4 \quad \\ &&\Rightarrow& v = 22.79 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{when stopped }v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&0 = 22.79^2 - 2a.0.028 \quad \\ &&\Rightarrow& a = 9274.716 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \\ & \text{forces on particle } &\Rightarrow&1.1g - F = 1.1a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& F = 10210 \, N \text{ (3 sf)} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{factor} \qquad \qquad &=& \text{wind resistance or spin} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}

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A181 - ID: 712

[9 marks, 11 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad v=u+at &\Rightarrow&11 \underline{i} - 2 \underline{j} = 3 \underline{i} + 8 \underline{j} + 2a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 4 \underline{i} - 5 \underline{j} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & F=ma &\Rightarrow&F = 6(4 \underline{i} - 5 \underline{j}) \, = \, (24 \underline{i} - 30 \underline{j}) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& |F| = \sqrt{ 24^2 + 30^2} \, = \, 38.42 \,N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) }& t=4 &\Rightarrow&v=u+at\\ &&\Rightarrow& v = (3 \underline{i} + 8 \underline{j}) + 4(4 \underline{i} - 5 \underline{j}) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& v = (19 \underline{i} - 12 \underline{j}) ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A182 - ID: 2916

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad F=ma &\Rightarrow&-84 \underline{k} + (-1 \underline{i} + 20 \underline{j}+ 67 \underline{k}) = 10a \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = (-0.1 \underline{i} + 2 \underline{j}- 1.7 \underline{k}) \, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &=&4(2\underline{i} + -4\underline{j}+ 4\underline{k}) + \frac{16}{2}(-0.1 \underline{i} + 2 \underline{j}1.7 \underline{k}) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& (8\underline{i} + -16\underline{j}+ 16\underline{k}) + (-0.8 \underline{i} + 16 \underline{j}- 13.6 \underline{k}) \\ & &=& (7.2\underline{i} + 0\underline{j}+ 2.4\underline{k}) &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} &OA &=&\sqrt{7.2^2 +0^2 + 2.4^2} \, = \, \sqrt{57.6} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{angle} &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{2.4} {7.2}\, = \, 18.43 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A183 - ID: 7773

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad f=ma &\Rightarrow&102g\sin 6 - P = 0 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& P = 104.5\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & f=ma &\Rightarrow&102g\sin 8 - 104.5 = 102a \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.339\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) }& comment &\Rightarrow&\text{$P$ would vary with speed of trolley} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A184 - ID: 2905

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{ } \qquad \qquad F=ma &\Rightarrow&\pmatrix{10 \cr 9} = 2a\, \Rightarrow \, a = \pmatrix{5 \cr 4.5} ms^{-2} \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{angle} &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{4.5}{5}\, = \, 42 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c) }& s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &=&3\pmatrix{-4 \cr 6} + \frac{9}{2} \pmatrix{5 \cr 4.5} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&=& \pmatrix{-12 \cr 18} + \pmatrix{22.5 \cr 20.25}\, = \, \pmatrix{10.5 \cr 38.25}\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A185 - ID: 2909

[17 marks, 20 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad v=u+at &\Rightarrow&3.1 = 0.6 + 1.6t\\ &&\Rightarrow & t = 1.563\, s \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & s = \frac{1}{2}(u+v)t &=&\frac{1}{2}(0.6+3.1)\times 1.563 \, = \, 2.891 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{(i) Resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&79g T= 79\times 1.6&|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T= 647.8\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{(ii) Resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&79g - T= -79\times 1.6\\ &&\Rightarrow& T= 900.6\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&T - 79g - 123 = 79a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 79g + 123 + 79a < 2000\\ &&\Rightarrow& a < 14\, ms^{-2} \, upwards &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$ for equipment} &\Rightarrow&75-12g = 12a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = -3.55\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$ for man} &\Rightarrow&T-79g - 75- 123= 79\times -3.55\\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 691.8\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A186 - ID: 3302

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{angle} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\tan ^{-1} \frac{8}{9}\, = \, 41.6 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & F=ma &\Rightarrow&F = 0.2(9i + 8j)\\ & &\Rightarrow& F = (1.8i + 1.6j) \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& |F| = \sqrt{1.8^2 + 1.6^2}\, = \, 2.4\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v=u+at &=&10i 12j + 6(9i + 8j)\, = \, 64i + 36j &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2}\end{steps}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

A187 - ID: 4574

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad 73g - F = - 73 \times 0.5 &\Rightarrow&F = 73g + 73 \times 0.5 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& F = 715.4000000000001+ 36.5 \, = \, 751.9 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A188 - ID: 5459

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{ } \qquad \qquad 1050 - 99g &=&99a \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & a = 0.806\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & T - 99g = 59.4 &\Rightarrow&T= 1029.6\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & T\cos21 - 99g = 59.4 &\Rightarrow&T= 1102.9\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2}\end{steps}}

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A189 - ID: 5460

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \qquad \text{force} &\,\,\,=\,\,&8 \times \pmatrix{-1 \cr 4}\, = \, \pmatrix{-8 \cr 32} N \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{position vector} &=&\pmatrix{-3 \cr 4} + ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2\\ & &=& \pmatrix{-3 \cr 4} + 6\pmatrix{4 \cr 4} + \frac{1}{2}36\pmatrix{-1 \cr 4} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& \pmatrix{3 \cr 100} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}
[4 marks, 5 minutes]

A190 - ID: 5462

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \text{ } \qquad \qquad \text{for both boxes together} &\Rightarrow&130 - 9 = (6+ 4)a \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & a = 12.1\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{for box A} &\Rightarrow&T-9 = 6 \times 12.1 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 81.6\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A191 - ID: 7301

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{ } \qquad \qquad s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&11= 0 + \frac{1}{2}a(4)^2 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & a = 1.38\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & force = ma &\Rightarrow&T-78g = 78 \times 1.38 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 871.65\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{average speed} &=&11 \div 4\, = \, 2.75ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A192 - ID: 7332

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{ } \qquad force =ma &\Rightarrow&690 - 200 = 980a\\ &&\Rightarrow & a = 0.5\, ms^{-2} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&13 = 8 + 0.5t\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 10\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&13^2 = 8^2 + 2 \times 0.5 \times s\\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 105\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A193 - ID: 7389

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{for the lift and man $force =ma$} &\Rightarrow&511g- 4460 = 511a \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & a = 1.07\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{for the man $force =ma$} &\Rightarrow&71g - R = 71\times 1.07 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 619.69 \, N &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}

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A194 - ID: 7403

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad force=ma &\Rightarrow&3090- 2390 = 360a \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & a = 1.94\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&160 = 6u + \frac{1} {2}\times 1.94(6)^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 6u = 160 - 35\\ & &\Rightarrow& u = 20.83\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v=u+at &=&20.83+ 11.67\, = \, 32.5\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A195 - ID: 7317

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{ } \qquad \qquad force = ma &\Rightarrow&2a = 2g \sin 38 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & a = g \sin 38\, = \, 6\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&0.8 = 0 + \frac{1} {2}a(1)^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 0.8 = 0.5a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 1.6\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{less because} &:&\text{of friction or air resistance} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A196 - ID: 7326

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{ } \quad \qquad \text{resultant} &\,\,\,=\,\,&4.8i + 40j \quad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{magnitude} &=&\sqrt{4.8^2 + 40^2}\, = \, 40.3\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & force=ma &\Rightarrow&4.8i + 40j = m(0.6i + 5j)\\ & &\Rightarrow& m = 8\, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&r = \frac{1}{2}(0.6i + 5j)t^2 &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & t=3 &\Rightarrow&r = 4.5(0.6i + 5j)\, = \, 2.7i + 22.5j\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{distance = $\sqrt{ 2.7^2 + 22.5^2}$}\, = \, 22.7 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A197 - ID: 7356

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{ } \text{$force = ma$ for the parcel} &\Rightarrow&48 - 4g = 4a \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 2.2\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{$force = ma$ for the man} &\Rightarrow&R - 78g - 48 = 78\times 2.2\\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 984\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A198 - ID: 7358

[15 marks, 18 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \text{Friction force, $F$} &\,\,\,=\,\,&122\cos 31\, = \, 105\, N \quad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Normal reaction, $N$} &=&96g - 122\sin 31 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1B1} \qquad \\ & &=& 878\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{motion} &=&\text{continues at constant speed $0.5 \, ms^{-1}$} &|\color{#ff0066}{B2} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & force = ma &\Rightarrow&169\cos 31 - 99 = 96a &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.478\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & v=u+at &\Rightarrow&2 = 0 + 1a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 2\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & force = ma &\Rightarrow&96g\sin 24 - F = 96\times 2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1B1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& F = 190.7\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A199 - ID: 7763

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \qquad F = ma &\Rightarrow&F = 380 \times 2.7\, = \, 1026\, N \quad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & P - 370 = 1026 &\Rightarrow&P = 1396\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v =u+at &\Rightarrow&22 = 10 + 2.7t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = \displaystyle \frac{22 - 10}{2.7}\, = \, 4.4 \, s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A200 - ID: 746

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{Resolving } \updownarrow &\,\,\,:\,\,&R_C + R_D = 100 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & R_C=35&\Rightarrow&R_D = 65 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Moments at A} &:&R_C \times 0.8+ R_D \times x = 100 \times 4.5&|\color{#ff0066}{M2} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 35\times 0.8+ 65x = 450&|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 28+65x = 450\\ &&\Rightarrow& x = 6.492m. &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A201 - ID: 691

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{moments at A} &\,\,\,:\,\,&R_C \times 3 = 80 \times \frac{x}{2} + 20 \times x \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 300 = 60x &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& x = 5m. &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) }& R_C+R_D = 80 + 20&\Rightarrow& 5R_D = 100 \\ &&\Rightarrow& R_D = 20 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{moments at A} &:&R_C \times 3 + R_D \times AD = 80 \times \frac{5}{2} + 20 \times 5&|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 4R_D \times 3 + R_D \times AD = 300 \\ &&\Rightarrow& 240 + 20AD = 300 \\ &&\Rightarrow& AD = 3\, m &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}

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A202 - ID: 717

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \qquad (\updownarrow) \qquad \, R + R &\,=\,\,&45g +90g \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 661.5 \,N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow&4 \times 67.5g = (45g \times 3.5) + (90g \times x) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 270 = 157.5 + 90 x \quad \\ &&\Rightarrow& x = 1.25 \, m. &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A203 - ID: 871

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad \qquad \text{Resolving} &\Rightarrow&R_C + R_D = 110 + W \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& 4R_D = 110 + W \, \Rightarrow \, R_D = \frac{110 + W}{4} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad&|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &\text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow& 0.7 \times R_C + 4 \times R_D = 110 \times 3 + W \times x \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& 6.1 R_D = 330 + W x \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& R_D = \frac{330 + W x}{6.1 } &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \frac{110 + W}{4} = \frac{330 + W x}{6.1 } \quad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 671 + 6.1 W = 1320 + 4 W x &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& (6.1- 4x)W = 649 \quad \\ &&\Rightarrow& W = \frac{649}{ 6.1- 4x } &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & W>0 &\Rightarrow& 6.1- 4x>0 \quad \Rightarrow \quad x < 1.525 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A204 - ID: 3073

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow&11g \times 3.5 = R \times 5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& R = 75.46 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \\ \text{(b) } & (\updownarrow) \, R + R &=&11g+50g \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 30.5g \,N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow&11g \times 3.5 + 50g \times AD = 30.5g \times 5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 50gAD = 114g\\ & &\Rightarrow& AD = 2.28\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A205 - ID: 7295

[13 marks, 16 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&T_A + 2T_A = 213\\ & &\Rightarrow& T_A = 71\quad \qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow&T_C \times 81 = 213 \times x\\ & &\Rightarrow& 2 \times 71 \times 81 = 213 \times x &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& x = 54\\ &&\Rightarrow& AB = 2 \times54 \, = \, 108\, cm &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&T_A + 5T_A = 213 + W\\ & &\Rightarrow& 6T_A = 213 + W &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow&5T_A \times 81 = 213 \times 54 + W \times 108 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \frac{405}{6}(213 + W) = 11502 + 108W\\ & &\Rightarrow& 86265 + 405W = 69012 + 648W\\ & &\Rightarrow& 17253 = 243W\\ & &\Rightarrow& W = 71\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A206 - ID: 3260

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad \qquad \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow&T_C \times 3 = 36g \times 2.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T_C = 30g \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \\ & (\updownarrow) \, T_A + T_C = 36g &\Rightarrow&T_A = 6g \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A207 - ID: 3269

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{moments at C} &\Rightarrow&15g \times 4 = 52g \times x \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& x = 1.154\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \\ \text{(b)} & \text{moments at C} &\Rightarrow&15g \times 4 + Mg \times 13= 52g \times 5 & |\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& M = 15.385\, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \\ \text{(c)} & \text{assumption} &:&\text{centre of mass is at centre of rod} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{assumption} &:&\text{woman is a particle} \\ &&& \text{or mass is a particle} \\ &&& \text{or plank is rigid} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A208 - ID: 7275

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \quad \text{moments at C} &\Rightarrow&0.1 \times 9g = (0.6 \times m)g \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 0.9 = 0.6m\\ &&\Rightarrow& m = 1.5 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & \text{moments at D} &\Rightarrow&AD \times 3g = (0.7-AD) \times 9g + (1.4-AD) \times 1.5g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 3AD = 6.3-9AD + 2.1-1.5AD\\ & &\Rightarrow& 13.5AD = 8.4\\ & &\Rightarrow& AD = 0.62m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A209 - ID: 2887

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow&11g \times 2 = T_C \times 2.7 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T_C = 8.1g &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)}& 11g &=& T_A + T_C\\ &&\Rightarrow& T_A = 2.852g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)}& \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow&11g \times 2 + 19g \times y = T_C \times 2.7 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T_C = 8.148148148148147g + 7.037g y \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & T_C \le 102N &\Rightarrow&8.148148148148147g + 7.037g y \le 102N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 7.037g y \le 22.148\\ & &\Rightarrow& y \le 0.321 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A210 - ID: 3304

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow&15g \times 1.2 + 9g \times 0.5 = T_B \times 2.4 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T_B = 9.4g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)}& \text{Resolve vertically} &=& T_A + T_B = 15g +9g\\ & T_A = T_B + 8 &\Rightarrow& (T_B + 8) + T_B = 24g\\ & &\Rightarrow& T_B = 113.6 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow&15g \times x + 9g \times 0.5 = T_B \times 2.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 15g \times x + 4.5g =272.64\\ & &\Rightarrow& x =1.555 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[13 marks, 16 minutes]

A211 - ID: 5713

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)}& \text{Resolve vertically} &\,\,\,=\,\,& R_Q + R_R = 23 +63+33 \, =\, 119g \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{moments at Q} &\Rightarrow&33g \times 0.5 + R_R \times 1.2 = (23+63)g \times 0.6 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& R_R = 29.3g = 286.7N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& R_Q = 89.8g = 879.6 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)}& \text{Resolve vertically} &=& 2R_R + R_R = 23 +63+33 \, =\, 119g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R_R = \frac{119}{3}g\\ & \text{moments at Q} &\Rightarrow&33g \times 0.5 + R_R \times 1.2 = 23g \times 0.6+63g \times QX &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& QX = 0.8m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A212 - ID: 6977

[12 marks, 14 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)}& \text{Moments at Q} &\Rightarrow& 59g(1.9-x) + 26g \times 0.85 \, =\,T_P \times 1.9 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 1098.58-578.2x + 216.58 \, =\,T_P \times 1.9\\ & &\Rightarrow& T_P = 692.189-304.316x &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Resolve vertically} &\Rightarrow&T_P +T_Q = 85g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T_Q = 140.811+304.316x &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)}& 0 < x < 1.4 &\Rightarrow& 266.147 < T_P < 692.189 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 140.811 < T_Q < 566.853 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)}& T_Q = 2T_P &\Rightarrow& 140.811+304.316x = 2(692.189-304.316x ) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 140.811+304.316x = 1384.379-608.632x\\ & &\Rightarrow& 912.948x = 1243.568\\ & &\Rightarrow& x = 1.362 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A213 - ID: 7272

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow&2.8T_C = 2W + 4 \times 22 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T_C = \frac{2}{2.8}W + \frac{88}{2.8} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T_C = \left(\frac{5}{7}W + \frac{220}{7}\right) N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)}&\updownarrow &\Rightarrow& T_A + T_C = W + 22 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& T_A = W + 22 - \left(\frac{5}{7}W + \frac{220} {7}\right) N\\ &&\Rightarrow& T_A = \left(\frac{2}{7}W - \frac{66}{7}\right) N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)}& T_C = 10T_A &\Rightarrow&\left(\frac{5}{7}W + \frac{220}{7}\right) = 10\left(\frac{2}{7}W - \frac{66}{7}\right) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \frac{5}{7}W + \frac{220}{7} = \frac{20}{7}W - \frac{660}{7} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \frac{880}{7} = \frac{15}{7}W\\ & &\Rightarrow& W = \frac{176}{3} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A214 - ID: 848

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)}& (\updownarrow) \, \quad \qquad R + R &\,\,\,=\,\,&100+80\qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 90kg \, = \, 90 \times 9.8 N \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 882 N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Moments at A}&\Rightarrow&80\times 3+100\times x = 90\times 10\\ & &\Rightarrow& 100 x = 660&|\color{#ff0066} {M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& x = 6.6m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A215 - ID: 922

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad \text{moments at C} &\Rightarrow&24g \times 1.5 = 30g \times x \qquad\qquad\qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& x = 1.2\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)}& && \text{weight acts at midpoint} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)}& \text{moments at C} &\Rightarrow& 18g \times y + 24g \times 1.5 = 30g \times 1.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& y = 0.5\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[12 marks, 14 minutes]

A216 - ID: 414

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad\text{Reaction} &\,=\,&0 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Moments at D} &:&3.5W= 1700 \times 11 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& W= 5342.857 N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{Moments at D} &:&1700 \times 11 = W( 7 -x) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Moments at C} &:&700\times 11 = Wx &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& 1700 \times 11 = 7 W-700\times 11\\ &&\Rightarrow& W = \frac{ 1700 \times 11+700\times 11}{7 } \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& W = 3771.429N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \qquad \qquad x &=&\frac{700\times 11}{3771.429} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&=&2.042m &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A217 - ID: 703

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \quad \text{moments at C} &\Rightarrow&80 \times x = 140 \times 1 \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& x = 1.75\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)}& \text{Reaction at $C$ = 0} &\Rightarrow& 140\times 0.75 = W \times 1.25 &|\color{#ff0066}{B1M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& W = 84 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)}& \text{Reaction at $D$} &=& 84 + 140 \,=\, 224 N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)}& \text{How} &:& \text{the weight of the rock acts precisely at B.} &|\color{#ff0066} {B1}\end{steps}}
[5 marks, 6 minutes]

A218 - ID: 7395

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$} &\Rightarrow&R_p + R_q = 10 + 7\, = \, 17\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Assume} &:& \text{body placed to right of Q} \qquad \\ & \text{greatest value} &\Rightarrow& \text{rod about to tilt} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R_p = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R_q = 17\\ & \text{moments at C} &\Rightarrow&7 \times x = R_q \times 4\\ &&\Rightarrow& 7x = 68\\ &&\Rightarrow& x = 9.714 \, cm &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A219 - ID: 7398

[8 marks, 10 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{Moments at P} &\Rightarrow&1018 \times 2.4 = mg \times 1.2 + 76g \times 2.7 &|\color{#ff0066}{M2A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 2443.2 = mg \times 1.2 + 205.2g\\ & &\Rightarrow& 432.24 = 1.2mg\\ & &\Rightarrow& m = 36.755\, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Starts to tilt} &\Rightarrow& R_p = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R_q = 36.755g + 76g\, = \, 1105 \, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A220 - ID: 398

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \quad a &\,=\,\,&\frac{dv}{dt} \, = \, (2 \underline{i} - 5 \underline{j}) \\ & v &=& (2t + c) \underline{i} + (- 5t + k) \underline{j} \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & t = 0 &\Rightarrow& v = (-2 \underline{i} + 6 \underline{j}) \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& v = (2t + -2) \underline{i} + (- 5t + 6) \underline{j} \\ &&\Rightarrow& (- 5t + 6) = 0 \quad\\ &&\Rightarrow& t = \frac{6 }{5 } &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & t = 6 &\Rightarrow&v = 10 \underline{i} + -24 \underline{j} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{speed} = \sqrt{ 10^2 + -24^2} \, = \, 26m/s &|\color{#ff0066}{A2} \qquad \\ \text{(c) }& \tan \alpha &=&\frac{10 }{-24 }&|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \alpha = -22.6 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow& \text{angle} = 157.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A221 - ID: 483

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad v = \displaystyle \frac{dr}{dt}&\,\,\,=\,\,&(15 - 12t^2)i + 2ctj \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & t = 1.5&\Rightarrow&v = -12i + 3cj &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & |v| = 20 &\Rightarrow&-12^2 + (3c)^2 = 20^2 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 144 + 9c^2 = 400\\ & &\Rightarrow& c^2 = 28.444\, \Rightarrow \, c = 5.333&| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & a = \displaystyle \frac{dv}{dt} &=&(-24t)i + 2cj \qquad\qquad \qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & t = 1.5 &\Rightarrow&a = -36i + 10.667j &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A222 - ID: 477

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad v = \displaystyle \frac{dr}{dt}&\,\,\,=\,\,&(2t + 6)i + (4 3t^2)j \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t = 8&\Rightarrow&v = 22i - 188j &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& |v| = \sqrt{22^2 + 188^2}\, = \, \sqrt{35828} \, = \, 189.3 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & t = 8 &\Rightarrow&0.8(v - (22i - 188j)) = 8i - 8j &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 0.8v - 17.6i + 150.4j = 8i - 8j \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 32i - 198j &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A223 - ID: 3262

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad F=ma &\Rightarrow&(3280 i - 7380t j) = 820a \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = (4 i - 9t j) &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v = \int a \, dt &=&(4 it - 4.5t^2 j) + c &| \color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & t=0, v=(4 i + 33 j) &\Rightarrow&c = (4 i + 33 j) &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = (4 it - 4.5t^2 j) + (4 i + 33 j)\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = (4+4 t)i + (33 -4.5t^2 )j &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & r = \int v \, dt &=&(4t+2 t^2)i + (33t -1.5t^3 )j+ c &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & t=0, r=(3 i + 8 j) &\Rightarrow&c = (3 i + 8 j) &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& r = (4t+2 t^2)i + (33t -1.5t^3 )j+ (3 i + 8 j)\\ & &\Rightarrow& r = (3+ 4t+2 t^2)i + (8 +33t -1.5t^3 )j &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A224 - ID: 3525

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad v = \displaystyle \frac{dp}{dt}&\,\,\,=\,\,& (12t - 8)i + (9t ^2 - 4)j \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & 9t ^2 - 4 = 0 &\Rightarrow&9t ^2 = 4 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 0.667\, s &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & t = 5 &\Rightarrow&v = 52i + 221j &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \\ & &\Rightarrow& 2i 6j = 0.4(v - 52i - 221j) &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \\ & &\Rightarrow& 22.8i + 82.4j = 0.4v \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 57i + 206j \, ms^{-1} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A225 - ID: 569

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad x_A &\,\,\,=\,\,&20t, x_B \, = \,25\cos \alpha t \qquad\qquad \qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{B1B1} \qquad \\ & meet &\Rightarrow&20t = 25\cos \alpha t\, \Rightarrow \cos \alpha = \frac{4}{5} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & y_A &=&73.5 \frac{1}{2}gt^2 &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & y_B &=&25\sin \alpha t - \frac{1}{2}gt^2\, = \, 15t \frac{1}{2}gt^2 &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & meet &\Rightarrow&73.5 - \frac{1}{2}gt^2 = 15t \frac{1}{2}gt^2\\ & &\Rightarrow& 73.5 = 15t \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 4.9s &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A226 - ID: 2959

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&-2.2 = 0 \frac{1}{2}9.8t^2\, \Rightarrow \, t^2 = 0.449 \, s \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 0.67 \, s &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s = ut &=&14.071 \, m &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v_x &=&21\\ & v_y = u +at &=&0 - 9.8 \times 0.67\, = \, - 6.567 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{ } & \text{angle} &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{6.567}{21}\, = \, 17.4 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A227 - ID: 7771

[12 marks, 14 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&5 = 23\sin 63t - 4.9t^2 \qquad \qquad\qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 4.9t^2 -23\sin 63t + 5 = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 0.26, 3.922\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 0.26 \, s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s = ut &=&23\cos 63 \times 0.26\, = \, 2.717\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v_x &=&23\cos 63\, = \, 10.4 &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & v_y = u +at &=&23\sin 63 - 9.8 \times 0.26\, = \, 17.9 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = \sqrt{10.4^2+ 17.9^2}\, = \, 20.8\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[19 marks, 23 minutes]

A228 - ID: 2910

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad s_x = ut &\Rightarrow&60 = 21t\, \Rightarrow \, t = 2.857 \, s \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & v = u+at &\Rightarrow&0 = u - 9.8 \times 2.857\, \Rightarrow u = 28 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s = ut + \frac{1} {2}at^2 &=&28t - 4.9 t^2 &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & &:& \text{start at same height; same vertical speed} &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{distance} &=&21t - 5.25t \, = \, 15.75t &| \color{#ff0066}{B2} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{distance} &=&15.75 \times 2.857 \, = \, 45 \, m &| \color{#ff0066}{B2} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & \text{Time to fall is } &\Rightarrow&40-10=\frac{1}{2} \times 9.8 \times t^2 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 2.474&| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{distance = } 15.75 \times 2.474\, = \, 38.971\, m &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(f)} & x &=&21t, \quad y \, = \, 28t - 4.9 t^2\\ & &\Rightarrow& y = 28\frac{x}{21} - 4.9 \left(\frac{x}{21} \right)^2 &| \color{#ff0066}{B1M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& y = \frac{1} {441}(588x - 4.9x^2) &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A229 - ID: 5463

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad s =ut + 0.5at^2 &\Rightarrow&s = 38\sin \alpha t 5t^2\, = \, 30.4t - 5t^2 \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & 30.4t - 5t^2=0 &\Rightarrow&t = 6.08 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{range} &=&38\cos \alpha t\, = \, 138.62\, m &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A230 - ID: 7306

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad s =ut + 0.5at^2 &\Rightarrow&-5 = 59\sin 10 t - 4.9t^2 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 4.9t^2 - 59\sin 10 t - 5 = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = \displaystyle \frac{59\sin 10 \pm \sqrt{3481\sin^2 10+98}}{9.8} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 2.5,-0.41 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 2.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s= ut &=&59\cos 10 \times 2.5\, = \, 145.21\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{min speed, $v_x$} &=&59\cos 10\, = \, 58.1\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & v_y = u + at &=&59\sin 10 - 9.8 \times 2.5\, = \, -14.25 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{speed = $\sqrt{58.1^2 + -14.25^2}$}\, = \, 59.8\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A231 - ID: 7312

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad s =ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&0 = 18 \sin \theta \times 3- \frac{1}{2}g \times 9 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 54 \sin \theta = 44.1\\ & &\Rightarrow& \theta = \sin^{-1} \frac{44.1}{54 }\, = \, 54.8 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s= 2 &\Rightarrow&18 \sin 54.8 \times t - \frac{1}{2}g t^2 = 2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& gt^2 - 36\sin 54.8 t + 4 = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = \displaystyle \frac{36\sin 54.8 \pm \sqrt{1296\sin^2 54.8 - 16g}}{2g} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 2.86, 0.14 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{time above $2$ metres = $2.71$ s} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[14 marks, 17 minutes]

A232 - ID: 7328

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad v^2=u^2+2as &\Rightarrow&0 = (26 \sin 59)^2 -2gs \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 2gs = 676\sin^2 59\\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 25.3\,m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s=ut+\frac{1} {2}at^2 &\Rightarrow&2 = (26 \sin 59)t - \frac{1}{2}g t^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& gt^2 - 52\sin 59 t + 4 = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = \displaystyle \frac{52\sin 59 \pm \sqrt{2704 \sin^2 59 - 16g}}{2g} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 4.46, 0.09 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{time = $4.46$ s} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v_x &=&26 \cos59\, = \, 13.39 &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & v_y &=& u + at\, = \, 26 \sin59 - g \times 4.46\, = \, -21.39\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{speed = $\sqrt{13.39^2 + -21.39^2}$}\, = \, 25.2\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A233 - ID: 7355

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & 3.675 = 9.8t - 4.9t^2 &\Rightarrow&4.9t^2 - 9.8t + 3.675 = 0 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t^2 - 2t + 0.75 = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 0.5,1.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{descending} &\Rightarrow& t =1.5\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & s=ut+\frac{1}{2}at^2 &=&22\cos \alpha \times 1.5\, = \, 27.06\,m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A234 - ID: 7768

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \qquad h &\,\,\,=\,\,&\frac{1}{2} \times 9.8 \times 0.7^2\, = \, 2.4\, m \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & distance &=& 22 \times 0.7\, = \, 15.4 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & v_x &=&22ms^{-1} \qquad \\ & v_y &=&u+at\, = \, 0 + 9.8 \times 0.7\, = \, 6.86 ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = \sqrt{6.86^2 + 22^2}\, = \, 23\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & direction &=&\tan^{-1} \frac{6.86 }{22}\, = \, 17.3 \text{ below horizontal} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1B1}\end{steps}}
[17 marks, 20 minutes]

A235 - ID: 7686

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad x &\,\,\,=\,\,&ut \qquad \qquad \qquad\qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & y &=&cut - 4.9t^2 &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & t = \displaystyle \frac{x}{u} &\Rightarrow&y =cu \frac{x}{u} - 4.9( \frac{x}{u})^2\, = \, cx - \frac{4.9x^2}{u^2} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & y = 0 &\Rightarrow& cR \frac{4.9R^2}{u^2} = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R\left(c - \frac{4.9R} {u^2}\right) = 0\\ & u = 7 &\Rightarrow& R = \frac{u^2c}{4.9}\, = \, 10c &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & x = 5c &\Rightarrow&y=H &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& H = 5c^2 - \frac{5} {2}c^2\, = \, \frac{5}{2}c^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \displaystyle \frac{dy}{dx} &=& c - \displaystyle \frac{9.8x}{u^2}\, = \, c - \frac{1}{5}x &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & x = 0 &\Rightarrow& \displaystyle \frac{dy}{dx} = c &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& c \frac{1}{5}x = \frac{-1}{c} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& x = 5(c+ \frac{1}{c}) &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A236 - ID: 3902

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad \text{$s(t)$ continuous at $t=5$} &\Rightarrow&s(5) = 25 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 25 = -2(5)^2 + A(5) + B\\ & &\Rightarrow& 5A + B = 75 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{differentiate} &\Rightarrow&s'(x) = \cases{2t & 0 \leq t < 5 \cr -4t + A & t >5} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{$s'(t)$ continuous at $t=5$} &\Rightarrow&s'(5) = 10\\ & &\Rightarrow& 10 = -4(5) + A\\ & &\Rightarrow& A = 30\, \Rightarrow \, B = -75 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & s(T) = 33 &\Rightarrow&-2T^2 + 30T + -75 = 33\\ & &\Rightarrow& T^2 - 15T + 54 = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& (T - 6)(T 9) = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 6,9 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{crashes once only!} &\Rightarrow& T = 6\\ & &\Rightarrow& s'(6) = 6 \, ms^{-1} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A237 - ID: 392

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad a = 25 - 10t &\Rightarrow&v = \displaystyle \int 25 - 10t \, dt\, = \, 25t 5t^2 + c \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t = 0, v= 120 &\Rightarrow&v = 25t - 5t^2 + 120 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & v = 0 &\Rightarrow& 5t^2 - 25t - 120=0 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t^2 - 5t - 24=0 \\ & &\Rightarrow& (t-8)(t+3)=0 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 8&| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A238 - ID: 3580

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \quad v = \displaystyle \frac{ds}{dt} &\,\,\,=\,\,&45 18t \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{max displacement} &\Rightarrow&v = 0 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 45 - 18t = 0\, \Rightarrow \, t= 2.5 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 45(2.5) - 9(2.5)^2 + 1100\\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 1156.25\, m &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A239 - ID: 2917

[14 marks, 17 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad t = 0 &\Rightarrow&v = -8 \, ms^{-1} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v = 0 &\Rightarrow&t^2 -2t-8=0\, \Rightarrow \, (t-4)(t+2)=0\, \Rightarrow \, t=4, -2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & a = \displaystyle \frac{dv}{dt} &=&2t -2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & a = 0 &\Rightarrow& t = 1 \, \Rightarrow \, v = -9 m s^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & A &=&(1,-9) &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & \text{distance} &=&\displaystyle \int_{1}^{4} t^2 -2t-8 \, dt &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &=& \left[\frac{1}{3}t^3 -1t^2-8t \right]_{1}^{4}\, = \, \left(\frac{64}{3} -16-32\right) - \left(\frac{1}{3} -1-8\right) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& -18 \, \Rightarrow \, \text{distance =} 18 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(f)} & \text{distance} &=&2 \times 18 \, = \, 36 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A240 - ID: 2908

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{} & \qquad \qquad a = \displaystyle \frac{dv}{dt}&\,\,\,=\,\,&12-12t \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & a = 0 &\Rightarrow& t = 1 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & s = \int v \, dt &=&3t+6t^2-2t^3 + c &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t=0, s=4 &\Rightarrow&4 = c\\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 3t+6t^2-2t^3 + 4 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t = 1 &\Rightarrow& s = 3(1)+6(1)^2-2(1)^3 + 4\, = \, 11 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A241 - ID: 4575

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & t=10 &\Rightarrow&d = (10)^4 - 200(10)^2 + 10000 \, = \, 0 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 4t^3 400t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t=10 &\Rightarrow&v= 4(10)^3 - 400(10) \, = \, 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & a &=&12t^2 - 400 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t=10 &\Rightarrow&a = 12(10)^2 - 400 \, = \, 800\, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A242 - ID: 5999

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \qquad \qquad s &\,\,\,=\,\,&\displaystyle \int 15e^{5t}+3 \, dt \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &=& 3e^{5t}+3t + c &|\color{#ff0066}{A3} \qquad \\ & t=0, s=8 &\Rightarrow&8 = 3+c\\ & &\Rightarrow& c = 5 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& s = 3e^{5t}+3t +5 &|\color{#ff0066} {A1}\end{steps}}

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A243 - ID: 7336

[12 marks, 14 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \frac{ }{ }\quad v = \displaystyle \frac{dx}{dt} &\,\,\,=\,\,&0.32t^3 3.84t^2 + 11.52t \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t =2 &\Rightarrow& v = 0.32(2)^3 - 3.84(2)^2 + 11.52(2)\, = \, 10.24 \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & a = \displaystyle \frac{dv}{dt} &=&0.96t^2 - 7.68t + 11.52 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & a=0 &\Rightarrow&0.96t^2 - 7.68t + 11.52 = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& t^2 - 8t + 12 = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & a = 0 &\Rightarrow&(t - 2)(t -6) = 0 &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t =2, 6\\ & t =6 &\Rightarrow&v = 0 \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & t =6 &\Rightarrow&x = 0.08(6)^4 - 1.28(6)^3 + 5.76(6)^2\, = \, 34.56 \, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[19 marks, 23 minutes]

A244 - ID: 7351

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \frac{ }{ }\qquad t=0 &\Rightarrow&x = 9\, m \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v = \displaystyle \frac{dx}{dt} &=&96 + 24t - 12t^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & a = \displaystyle \frac{dv}{dt} &=&24 - 24t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & a = 0 &\Rightarrow&t =1 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 96 + 24(1) - 12(1)^2\, = \, 108\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(e)} & v=0 &\Rightarrow&96 + 24t - 12t^2 = 0 &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 8 + 2t - t^2 = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& (4-t)((2+t) = 0\, \Rightarrow \, t= -2, 4 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & t= -2 &\Rightarrow&x = -103\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & t= 4 &\Rightarrow&x = 329\,m &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(f)} & t=5 &\Rightarrow&x = 289\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{distance for $0 \leq t \leq 4 = 329-9$}\, = \, 320\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{distance for $4 \leq t \leq 5 = 329-289$}\, = \, 40\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{total = $360$ m} &|\color{#ff0066}{A2} \qquad \\ \text{(g)} & t=-4 &\Rightarrow&x = 73\, m, \quad t=-2 \Rightarrow x = -103\, m\\ & t=0 &\Rightarrow&x = 9\, m, \quad t=8 \Rightarrow x = -503\, m\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{sign changes mean $x=0$ at three different times} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1B2}\end{steps}}

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A245 - ID: 7400

[12 marks, 14 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & force =ma &\Rightarrow&4.24 - 0.24t - 0.4g = 0.4a \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ &&\Rightarrow & 0.32 - 0.24t = 0.4a\\ &&\Rightarrow & a = (0.8 - 0.6t) \, ms^{-2} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v &=&\int a \, dt\, = \, 0.8t - 0.3t^2 + c &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t=0, v=0 &\Rightarrow& v = 0.8t - 0.3t^2 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & s &=&\int v\, dt\, = \, 0.4t^2 - 0.1t^3 + c &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t=0, s=0 &\Rightarrow& s = 0.4t^2 - 0.1t^3 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & v= 0.4 &\Rightarrow&0.4 = 0.8t - 0.3t^2\\ & &\Rightarrow& 0.3t^2 - 0.8t +0.4=0\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 2, 0.67 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t = 2 &\Rightarrow&s= 0.4(2)^2 - 0.1(2)^3\, = \, 0.8\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

A246 - ID: 7406

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & v = \displaystyle \frac{ds}{dt} &\,\,\,=\,\,&3t^2 - 27t + 54 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v = 0 &\Rightarrow&3t^2 27t + 54 = 0 \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& t^2 - 9t + 18 = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& (t - 3)(t-6) = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 3,6 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & t= 0 &\Rightarrow&s = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & t= 3 &\Rightarrow&s = (3)^3 - 13.5(3)^2 + 54(3)\, = \, 67.5 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & t= 6 &\Rightarrow&s = (6)^3 - 13.5(6)^2 + 54(6)\, = \, 54 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{distance = 67.5 + 13.5}\, = \, 81\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A247 - ID: 7343

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \frac{ }{ }\qquad v = \displaystyle \int 1t \, dt &\,\,\,=\,\,&0.5t^2 + c \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t =0, v = 11 &\Rightarrow& v =0.5t^2 + 11 &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & t =5 &\Rightarrow&v =23.5\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b) } & s &=& \displaystyle \int 0.5t^2 + 11 \, dt\\ & &=& \displaystyle \frac{1}{3}0.5t^3 + 11t + c &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t=0, s=0 &\Rightarrow& s = \frac{1}{3}0.5t^3 + 11t &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & t =5 &\Rightarrow&s =75.8\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A248 - ID: 7359

[16 marks, 19 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a) } & \frac{ }{ }\qquad v_x = \displaystyle \frac{dx}{dt} &\,\,\,=\,\,&4 2t \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & v_x =0 &\Rightarrow&t=2\, s &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & y = \displaystyle \int v_y \, dt &=&\int 3t^2 - 8t + 4 \, dt\\ & &=& t^3 - 4t^2 + 4t + c &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & y=2, t=2 &\Rightarrow& 2 = 8 - 16 + 8 + c\\ & &\Rightarrow& c = 2\\ & &\Rightarrow& y = t^3 - 4t^2 + 4t --2 &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{due north} &\Rightarrow&4t - 1t^2 = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = 0, 4 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t = 0 &\Rightarrow& y = 2\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & t = 4 &\Rightarrow& y = (4)^3 - 4(4)^2 + 4(4) +2\, = \, 18\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & v_x = 0 &\Rightarrow&t= 2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1B1} \qquad \\ & t= 2 &\Rightarrow& v_y = 0 &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& r = 4i + 2j\\ & &\Rightarrow& \text{distance = $\sqrt{4^2 + 2^2}$}\, = \, 4.47\, m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A249 - ID: 7680

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \frac{ }{ }\qquad \displaystyle \frac{dv}{dt} &\,\,\,=\,\,&18t - 4 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & \displaystyle \frac{dv}{dt} =0 &\Rightarrow&18t - 4 = 0\\ & &\Rightarrow& t = \frac{2}{9}s &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & s &=& \int 9t^2 - 4t + 6 \, dt\, = \, 3t^3 - 2t^2 + 6t &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & t = \frac{2}{9} &\Rightarrow&s = 3(\frac{2}{9})^3 - 2(\frac{2}{9})^2 + 6(\frac{2}{9})\, = \, \frac{308} {243}m &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A250 - ID: 857

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad\qquad BC &\,\,\,=\,\,&7\\ & M(AB) &\,\,\,:\,\,&(7 \times 3.5) + (5\times 5.5) + (4\times 2) = 20\times x \quad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 60 = 20x\, \Rightarrow \, x = 3&| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & M(midpoint) &:&m \times (3.5-3) = km \times 3.5 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& k = \displaystyle \frac{1}{7} &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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A251 - ID: 601

[10 marks, 12 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)(i)}\quad & \quad M(AB) &\,\,\,:\,\,&m.\frac{4a}{2} + m.\frac{4a}{2} + m.4a + 9m.4a + 3m.4a = 16m.x \quad &| \color{#ff0066}{M2A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 56a = 16x\, \Rightarrow \, x = \frac{56}{16}a &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(a)(ii)} & M(AD) &:&m.\frac{2a}{2} + m.\frac{2a}{2} + m.2a + 9m.2a = 16m.y &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 22a = 16y\, \Rightarrow \, y = \frac{22}{16}a &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \tan \alpha &=&\displaystyle \frac{2a-\frac{22}{16}a}{\frac{56}{16}a} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& \displaystyle \frac{32-22}{56}\,= \, \displaystyle \frac{10}{56}\, \Rightarrow \, \alpha = \tan^{-1} \displaystyle \frac{10}{56}\, = \, 10.1 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A252 - ID: 3048

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \quad \text{mass ratios} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{large: $15^2$} \\ & &:& \text{large: $5^2$} \qquad \\ & &:& \text{template: $200$} \quad &| \color{#ff0066}{B2} \qquad \\ & \text{moments at $A$} &\Rightarrow&15^2 \times 15 = 5^2 \times 10 + 200 \times AG &| \color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& AG = 15.625 \, cm &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & M(axis) &\Rightarrow&(22.5 - AG) \times M = 7.5 \times \frac{1}{2}m &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 6.875M = 3.75m\\ & &\Rightarrow& M = 0.545m &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A253 - ID: 3268

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad \text{Reason} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{PQ is line of symmetry} \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Moments about AB} &:&2552\rho \times 29 + 484\rho \times 69 = 3036\rho \bar{x} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 107404 = 3036\bar{x} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \bar{x} = 35.4 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \tan \theta &=&\displaystyle \frac{22}{35.4} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \theta = 31.9 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A254 - ID: 7396

[11 marks, 13 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{Triangle ABC} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{Area = $108; cog (x) = 6; cog(y) = 4} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{Rectangle DEFG} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{Area = $20; cog (x) = 5; cog(y) = 2.5} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{Lamina} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{Area = $88; cog (x) = x; cog(y) =y} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{Moments about AB} &:&20 \times 5 + 88 \times x = 108 \times 6 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 100 + 88x = 648\\ & &\Rightarrow& x = 6.23\, cm &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{Moments about AC} &:&20 \times 2.5 + 88 \times y = 108 \times 4 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 50 + 88y = 432\\ & &\Rightarrow& y = 4.34\, cm &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \tan \theta &=&\displaystyle \frac{4.34}{6.23} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \theta = 34.9 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

A255 - ID: 7687

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{Rectangle} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{Area = $24x$; cog = $x$} \\ & \text{Semicircles} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{Area = $4.5\pi$; cog = $\frac{4 \times 3}{3 \pi}$} \qquad \\ & \text{Template} &\,\,\,:\,\,&\text{Area = $24x +9\pi$ ; cog =$\bar{x}$} \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{B4} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 24x^2 - (9\pi \times \frac{12}{3 \pi}) = (24x +9\pi) \bar{x} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 24x^2 - 36 = (24x +9\pi)\bar{x} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \bar{x} = \displaystyle \frac{8x^2 - 12}{8x +3\pi} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & x = 4 &\Rightarrow&\bar{x} = \displaystyle \frac{116}{32+ 3\pi} &|\color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \tan \theta &=& \displaystyle \frac{6}{8 - \bar{x}}\, = \, \displaystyle \frac{6}{8 \frac{116}{32+ 3\pi}} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& \displaystyle \frac{6(32+ 3\pi)}{8(32+ 3\pi) - 116}\, = \, \displaystyle \frac{96+ 9\pi}{70+ 12\pi } &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A256 - ID: 870

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{energy} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\displaystyle \frac{1} {2}mv^2 \,=\, \frac{1}{2} \times 4 \times 10^2\, = \, 200 \, J \qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{B1B1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & F &=&\mu \times 4 \times g &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{work-energy} &\Rightarrow&\mu \times 4 \times g \times 14 = 200&| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \mu = 0.36 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[10 marks, 12 minutes]

A257 - ID: 3267

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad \text{KE} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\displaystyle \frac{1} {2}mv^2 \,=\, \frac{1}{2} \times 4 \times 12^2\, = \, 288 \, J \qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{KE at ground} &=&\text{initial KE + change in PE} \qquad \\ & &=& 288 + 4 \times g \times 26\, = \, 1307.2 \, J &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \frac{1}{2}mV^2 = 1307.2 &\Rightarrow&V = 25.6 \, ms^{-1} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & \text{assumptions} &:&\text{No air resistance; box is a particle} &| \color{#ff0066}{B2}\end{steps}}

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A258 - ID: 3524

[5 marks, 6 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{KE lost} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\displaystyle \frac{1} {2}mv^2 \,=\, \frac{1}{2} \times 2.2 \times 11^2\, = \, 133.1 \, J \qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{work-energy} &\Rightarrow&133.1 = R \times 22 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 6.05 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A259 - ID: 779

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \displaystyle \frac{P}{32} = 600 &\Rightarrow&P = 19.2 \, kW \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{resolve $\nearrow$} &\Rightarrow& \displaystyle \frac{26000}{25} - 1100\times 9.8 \times \sin \alpha - 600 = 1100a &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 1040 - 308- 600 = 1100a\\ & &\Rightarrow& 132 = 1100a\\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.12 ms^{-2} &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A260 - ID: 387

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & F + 1200g \sin \alpha &\,\,\,=\,\,&700 \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad \qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& F = 264.444 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \text{work} &=&264.444 \times 12\, = \, 3173.333 W &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &=& 3.173 \, kW &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & N2L &\Rightarrow&1200g \sin \alpha - 700 = 1200a &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = -0.175 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & v = u + at &\Rightarrow& 0 = 12- 0.175T &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& T = 68.6 \, s &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[9 marks, 11 minutes]

A261 - ID: 3261

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \text{Power} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\text{Force $\times$ velocity} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &=& 35 \times 47 \times 47 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &=& 77315 \, watts &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v = 36 &\Rightarrow&\text{resistant force = } 35 \times 36\, = \, 1260 \, N &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \text{Force exerted by engine} &=&\displaystyle \frac{77315}{36}\, = \, 2147.639 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & F=ma &\Rightarrow&2147.639 - 1260 = 1450a &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& a = 0.612 \, ms^{-1} &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A262 - ID: 553

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Driving force } = \displaystyle\frac{P}{v} &\Rightarrow& \displaystyle \frac{20000}{v} \,=\, 900 \qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{B1M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 22.2ms^{-1} &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \displaystyle\frac{P}{v} &=&900 + 1300\times g \times \frac{1}{14} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \displaystyle \frac{20000}{v} = 1810\\ & &\Rightarrow& v = 11ms^{-1} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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A263 - ID: 761

[6 marks, 7 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \text{work done} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\frac{1}{2}1.1(14^2 - 8^2) \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &=& 72.6 J &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & F &=&\mu R \, = \, \mu 1.1g &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \text{work-energy} &:& \mu 1.1g \times 26 = 72.6&| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \mu = 0.26 &| \color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A264 - ID: 7682

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \text{work done} &\,\,\,=\,\,&\frac{1}{2}1.4(19)^2 \qquad\qquad\qquad \qquad \qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & \text{P.E} &=& 1.4 \times 7g &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 7R = \frac{1}{2}1.4(19)^2 - 1.4 \times 7g &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = (\frac{1}{2}1.4(19)^2 - 1.4 \times 7g) \div 7 \, = \, 22.38 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[11 marks, 13 minutes]

A265 - ID: 7683

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \text{Resolve $\leftrightarrow$} &\Rightarrow&\frac{510}{4} - R = 0 \qquad\qquad\qquad \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{B1M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 127.5\, N &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{Resolve $\leftrightarrow$} &\Rightarrow&\frac{24}{U} + 80g \times \frac{1}{16} - 40U = 0 &| \color{#ff0066}{B1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 24 + 49U - 40U^2 = 0 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow&(8 - 5U)(3 + 8U) = 0 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& U =\frac{8}{5}m s^{-1} &| \color{#ff0066} {M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A266 - ID: 544

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad\qquad I &\,\,\,=\,\,&\pm 0.2(15i + 10j - (-50i)) \qquad\qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &=& \pm (13i + 2j) &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& |I| = \sqrt{13^2 + 2^2}\, = \, \sqrt{173}\, = \, 13.2 Ns &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & v = \displaystyle\frac{dr}{dt} &=&15i + (10 - 14t)j &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & t = 5 &\Rightarrow& v = 15i + (10 - 70)j\, = \, 15i + -60j &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & \text{speed} &=& \sqrt{15^2 + -60^2}\, =\, \sqrt{3825}\, =\, 61.8 ms^{-1} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A267 - ID: 7685

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad\qquad I \updownarrow &\,\,\,=\,\,&0.28 \times 42\sin 63\ = \, 10.478 \qquad\qquad\qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & I \leftrightarrow &=&0.28 (-42\cos 63 + 33)\ = \, 3.901 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& |I| = \sqrt{3.901^2 + 10.478^2}\, = \, 11.18 Ns &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \tan \theta &=&\displaystyle \pm \frac{10.478} {3.901} &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& \theta = 110 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \end{steps}}

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A268 - ID: 3049

[12 marks, 14 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{NLR} &\Rightarrow& e = \frac{\text{speed of separation} }{\text{speed of approach}} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 0.5 = \displaystyle\frac{5v - (-v)}{u} \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \\ & &\Rightarrow& u = 12v &| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{CM} &\Rightarrow&m \times u = m \times -v + km \times 5v\\ & &\Rightarrow& 12mv = -mv + 5kmv &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 12 = -1 + 5k\, \Rightarrow \, k = 2.6&| \color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{CM} &\Rightarrow&2.6m \times 5v = 2.6m \times -w + 13m \times w\\& &\Rightarrow& w = 1.25v &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & e &=& \frac{\text{speed of separation} }{\text{speed of approach}}\, = \, \displaystyle \frac{2w}{5v}\, = \, \displaystyle \frac{2.5v}{5v}\, = \, 0.5 &| \color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(d)} & 1.25v > v &\Rightarrow&\text{speed of Q greater than speed of P} &| \color{#ff0066} {M1A1}\end{steps}}
[6 marks, 7 minutes]

A269 - ID: 7391

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \qquad \qquad \text{Impulse} &\,\,\,=\,\,& 0.2 \times 2 - 0.2 \times 7\, = \, -1 \, Ns \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1B1A1} \qquad \\ & \text{direction} &=&\text{opposite to direction of motion} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{speed} &=&2 \times 0.7\, = \, 1.4 \, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[8 marks, 10 minutes]

A270 - ID: 7393

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad \text{CLM} &\Rightarrow& 12 \times 6 + 8 \times -5 = 12v_a + 8v_b \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 32 = 12v_a + 8v_b\\ & v_b - v_a &=&0.3(6+5)\, = \, 3.3 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\& &\Rightarrow& 32 = 12v_a + 8( 3.3 + v_a)\\& &\Rightarrow& 5.600000000000001 = 20v_a\\& &\Rightarrow& v_a = 0.28\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066} {M1A1} \qquad \\& &\Rightarrow& v_b = 3.58\, ms^{-1} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\& &\Rightarrow& \text{A in same direction as before} \\ &&& \text{B has reversed direction} &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A271 - ID: 7681

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad \text{CLM} &\Rightarrow& 16mu - mu = 4mv_1 +mv_2 \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 15u = 4v_1 +v_2\\ & \text{NLR} &\Rightarrow&15eu = -v_1 + v_2 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\& &\Rightarrow& 15u15eu= 5v_1\\& &\Rightarrow& v_1 = 3u(1- e) &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\& &\Rightarrow& v_2 = 15eu + v_1\, = \, 15eu + 3u(1- e)\, = \, u(12e+ 3) &|\color{#ff0066}{A1}\end{steps}}

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MathsNet A-Level Plus: Print Exam Paper

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2012 MathsNet A-Level Plus. Licensed to Djalil Kadi Hanifi. Page: 165

A272 - ID: 7409

[12 marks, 14 minutes]

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} \text{(a)} & \frac{ }{ } \qquad \text{Resolve $\leftrightarrow$ } &\Rightarrow&F= 196\sin 32\, = \, 103.86\, N \qquad \qquad &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ \text{(b)} & \text{moments at A} &\Rightarrow &\frac{3}{2}\cos32 \times xg = 2\times 196 &|\color{#ff0066} {M2A2} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& x = \displaystyle \frac{784}{3\cos32 g}\, = \, 31.445 \, kg &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ \text{(c)} & \text{Resolve $\updownarrow$ } &\Rightarrow&R + 196\cos32=31.445g &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 141.941\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{A1} \qquad \\ & \mu = \frac{F}{R} &=&\frac{ 103.86}{141.941}\, = \, 0.73 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}
[7 marks, 8 minutes]

A273 - ID: 7684

\displaystyle{\begin{steps} & \qquad \text{moments at $B$} &\Rightarrow&R \times 5.6\cos \alpha= F \times 5.6\sin \alpha+ 14g \times 2.8\cos \alpha &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A2} \qquad \\ & F = 0.4R &\Rightarrow& 4.48 R= 0.4R \times 3.36+ 14g \times 2.24 &|\color{#ff0066}{M1B1} \qquad \\ & &\Rightarrow& 3.14 R= 31.36g\\ & &\Rightarrow& R = 98\, N &|\color{#ff0066}{M1A1}\end{steps}}

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