Vol. 13

No. 8

Monthly

March - 2012

Contents
Editorial Brief History of Rajasthan Chapter - Jaipur, MEAI News from the Mining World Safety Management System : part - iiI Sources of corrosion in Resource Industries – an overview - Murthy Ch.S.N, Surendranathan A.O, Rajeev Puthalath Circular - Government of India, Ministry of Coal Guidelines for Preparation of Final Mining Closure Plan Circular - Government of India, Ministry of Mines MEAI News Conferences, Seminars, Workshops etc., Correspondence Address Mining Engineers’ Association of India
F-608, Raghavaratna Towers, ‘A’ Block, VI Floor, Chirag Ali Lane, Abids, Hyderabad - 500 001. Ph. : No. 040 - 23200510, Telefax : 040 - 66460479 E-mail : meai1957@gmail.com Website : www.meai1957.com The Views expressed by the authors in these pages are not necessarily those of publisher / editor / MEAI. Reproduction in whole or in part is strictly prohibited without written permission from the publisher.

05 07 10 13

Dr. S K Sarangi
President 94370 23134

Vice President- I A. Bagchhi (099899 98600) Vice President- II T.Victor (098221 23498) Vice President – III Arun Kumar Kothari (09414155413) Secretary General A. Sangameswara Rao (A.S. Rao) (09849870397) Jt. Secretary cum Treasurer V.K. Verma (09490491700) Council Members (Ex-Officio) Dr. V. D. Rajagopal (09640566777), Shri R.P. Gupta (093529 50025), Shri Meda Venkataiah (099002 56797), Shri R. N. Singh (098190 89120), Shri T. V. Chowdary (099493 59969) Council Members (Elected) G.S. Purohit (09001797421), S.N. Mathur (09427308502), V.S. Mathur (09929991121), B. Arunachalam (09480257454), K.U. Rao (098491 77677), S. Kuchroo (09234554376), S.K. Mishra (09437887515), V. Kartikeyan (09500035726), Somanath Banerjee (09893019629), Koneru Venkateswara Rao (092987 59625), C.S. Krishana Murthy (09822104130), R.H. Sowkar (09900256793), Avijit Ghosh (09432013110), Kabir Ghosh (09928906050), Dr. T.N. Venugopal (09845217692), Chetan Prakash Parihar (09887482007), D. Panduranga Rao (09963744457), Binay Prakash Pandey (09448286155), Mohan Sahasra Bhudhe (095611516080), Shri Sushanta Saha (94911 45180) Council Members (Nominated) Sri N.K. Nanda (09490760102), Pradeep Koneru (09840663636), Prof. A.C. Narayana (099896 25346), G.V. Rao (09937519181), M. James (094442 89405) Council Members (Co-Opted) R.K. Sharma (011-26814596), B. Ramesh Kumar (09848099868), N.D. Rao (0674-2547950), C.S. Dhaveji (094220 63909), Prabodh Kumar Mohanty (09937097242) Council Members (Representatives of LIMs) National Aluminium Company | South Indian Mines & Minerals Industries Gujarat Ambuja Cements Ltd. | Gujarat Siddhee Cements Ltd. Priyadarshini Cements Ltd.

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Secretary General,

MEJ, Vol. 13,

No. 8

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March 2012

MEJ, Vol. 13,

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Ban on iron ore export has been advocated for several years by some section of industries. Earlier. Verma Editor. If each country starts thinking from its own interest -some already doing so. No. Mining Engineers’ Association of India Mob: 98498 70397 subscription rates 1. Indonesia and China can be sighted as examples for restricting exports on some avoidable protests. Mohanty Prof. 13. Rao) Secretary General.S. In days ahead.K. The logic behind Commerce Ministry’s proposing for canalization of iron ore export is also not understood. Mukhopadhyay Prof. the production is surplus to our present requirement. would not be in the interest of mining industry and may turn disastrous. there should not be any point to blow the export issue out of proportion. for possible vested interest.C. Sarangi Prof. Rao) Editor V. stating that the export is not the only reason for illegal mining.Editorial Board Dr. Shri A. B. Mineral occurrences know no geographic boundaries and no country is self-sufficient in all the minerals it needs. Vol. the demand of iron ore would be about 280-300 million tonne. Verma (Off.US$60 Rs. It may further breed foul play to escape canalization. P. Dhar Shri B. This time. 50/- The magazine will be despatched positively on 29th/30th of every month by post to all the members and subscribers. with due solidarity to the national interest. In a free economy. the reason given therein is to contain illegal mining. : 040 . which means Commerce Ministry desires MMTC to get monopolistic position in iron ore exports. Life Subscription Rs. to find easy availability of raw material at cheaper cost. Moreover. if consented by the cabinet. 8 . For the revised target of steel production by 201920 to the extent of 180 million tonnes per annum. MEJ Editorial Commerce Ministry has floated a proposal for canalization of export of iron ore. especially steel. V.T. It specified that the grade of ore of +55% Fe is to be covered under canalization through MMTC. Bakliwal Shri Dipesh Dipu Dr. Sangameswara Rao Member (A. 6000/ (15 Years) 3. with the expanding steel production. it will impact the growth of affected countries.S. industries are independent in doing business producing and selling their product in whatever manner they choose.K. Gurdeep Singh Shri S. the MB Shah Commission of Enquiry recommended total ban on iron ore exports to curb illegal mining. prepared for cabinet discussion. Single Copy Rs.K. through state owned company MMTC (Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation). there was no taker of this contentious view. So. Agrawal Shri P.K. Sangameswara Rao (A. S. the exports may get automatically tapered off with the growing indigenous consumption of iron ore. Commerce Ministry had been voicing for past many years for total canalization of iron ore exports. Thanks to the Ministry of Mines which has down-played the Shah Commission’s recommendations banning exports. Mining Industry appreciates the wisdom of the Ministry of Mines for taking a rational view to look at the illegal mining phenomenon.B. although iron ore is not in short supply. In a note. But. S. 1350/Indian Foreign 2. the Ministry thought it appropriate to put forward the proposal on the pretext of stopping illegal mining. Verma Editor 5 March 2012 MEJ. The canalization note. Even with the current rate of export. while the current iron ore production capacity is about 240-250 million tonne which will increase further with the opening of new mines and expansion of existing mines. rather than to think of exports. the Ministry favours canalization of export of iron ore of +55% Fe content. If there is a domestic compulsion. there would not be any shortage of ore.K. Hanamgond Dr. Sushil Bhandari Chairman Member Member Member Member Member Member Member Member Member V. the mines would prefer to supply to Indian Industries. We are sure the cabinet would take holistic view before deciding whether to canalize iron ore export or not. The publisher is not responsible for its non-receipts by the addressees.23200510) Cell : 94904 91700 PUBLISHER A. Subscription for 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year Rs.K. There has to be international understanding on mineral commodities to satisfy each other’s demand. 1000/Rs. Such tendencies should be done away with.K. 550/.

(IM . S. (IM . (LIM . (LIM-19) Associated Soapstone Distributing Co. Batra R. Ltd. Biran S. (LIM-54) Orient Cement (LIM-059) Chapter Chairman Secretary Life Institutional Members Panduronga . Rao 1997-99 T. Dutta 1981-82 D. B. (IM .Khan D. (LIM-32) FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals India Ltd. Sinha 1986-88 M. Mineral Dev. (P) Ltd. Venkateswarlu Bangalore D.K.L. G. Verma Nagesh Shenoy Bhubaneswar T. Rao L.K.L.. (LIM-61) Grasim Industries Ltd.C..A. Rao K.K..S.) Hindustan Zinc Ltd. Hill Late S. Balamadeswaran Veraval-Porbandar N. Patni A. Mohanty (LIM .S. Purandara Bellary-Hospet S.R.K. (LIM-16) Indian Rare Earths Ltd.P.K.. Mukherjee 1982-83 P.V. Sarangi A..G. Hiremath Dr.C.C.V.L. Patel D.. (LIM-37) M. (LM-048) Associated Mining Co. (LIM-057) Belgaum Minerals (LIM . Vig G. Avudaiyappan Himalayan Arun Sharma R.L.V. Singh Rajasthan-Jaipur O.N. Roy Chowdhury I. Hari Krishna Past Presidents & Secretaries Period 1957-64 1964-67 1967-68 1968-69 1969-70 1970-71 1971-72 1972-73 1973-75 1975-76 President Secretary/Secretary General Mining Engineers’ Association B.S.P. Rathore Dalli-Rajhara Merged with Raipur Raipur S. Ltd.G. Virendra Singh P.R.25) A. Krishna Yadav Sukinda (Merged with Bhubaneswar Chapter) Tamil Nadu R. Ltd. Tandon K.. Fasihuddin B. (LIM . Ltd (LIM-8) Terra Reserves Determination Technologies (P) Ltd. (LIM-9) (Formerly IDL Industries Limited.K. Kalihari New Delhi Prof. Copr Ltd..Ltd. (LIM-20) Obulapuram Mining Co. Rao MEJ..K. (LIM-60) India Cements Ltd.N.A. Mohanty Late S.P. Thirupathi Naidu (LIM-34) VS Lad & Sons (LIM-38) W.V. Gupta 2009-2011 Dr. Rajagopal A. S.B. Singh -do2003-2007 Meda Venkataiah -doLate CLVR Anjaneyulu & Shri A.Y.C.H. Pichamuthu D. No. Singhal H.K. Cement Works. Marwaha D. (LIM-31) Tungabhadra Minerals Pvt. Sharma Hyderabad A. (LIM-3) Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Ltd.D.B. Rathore B. Srivastava 1983-86 V. (LIM-18) Gujarat Sidhee Cements Ltd. Barbil (Orissa) Aarvee Associates.64) Bharat Alloys & Energy Ltd. B.63) Jubilee Granites India Pvt.S.V. Ltd.K. Marbles Pvt.1) Voltas Ltd.. Rath J.K. Chakraborti P.S. (LIM-5) Radials International (LIM-29) Rajgarhia Group of Industries (LIM .L. Swamy Belgaum S. (LIM-42) UltraTech Cement Ltd. (LIM-24) Shree Engineering Services (LIM-15) S.G.050) R. Engineers & Consultants Pvt..K.S.N.P. Thakor S.S. Dhekne Rourkela Not functioning Rayalaseema P. (LIM-39) Priyadarshini Cement Ltd. Verma Late B. (LIM-12) Aravali Minerals & Chemical Industries (P) Ltd.058) JSW Cement Ltd. Engineers International Pvt.C. Malliwal Dr.K.C..62) South India Mines & Minerals Industries (LIM-2) South West Mining Ltd.K. Sen 1988-90 Saligram Singh A. (LIM-22) Thriveni Earthmovers (P) Ltd.S. Hota Kolkata Not functioning Goa Dattaguru R. Office : Rungta House. Bakliwal Rajasthan-Jodhpur Prof.C. Biran 1976-78 D. Purohit Nagpur Dr. (LIM-23) Kariganur Mineral Mining Industry (LIM-41) Kirloskar Ferrous Industries Ltd.B.. (LIM-21) Sandvik Asia Limited (LIM-46) Sesa Goa Ltd. Srivastava M.) 1999-2001 -do- -do2001-2003 R. Claire Late R. Ltd.S. De 1980-81 M...K.S. Dhar Prof. Tandon K.G. Chowdary Jabalpur C. B. Merh M. Sivasankar G.. (LIM-14) MSPL Limited (LIM-30) Mysore Minerals Limited (LIM-45) National Aluminium Co.. (LIM-36) Designer Rocks (P) Ltd. (LIM-049) ACC Ltd (LIM . Chandrasekaran 1995-97 N. Corp. (LIM-6) Gujarat Mineral Dev. Sharan Late R.M. Basu 1978-80 R.K. (LIM-4) Gulf Oil Corporation Ltd.D. (LIM-26)0 Gujarat Ambuja Cements Ltd. (LIM-11) Shree Cement Ltd. Bose S. (LIM-13) Institutional Members Singareni Collieries Company Ltd.2) Reliance Cement Company Pvt.H. Nuwal Vinod Saraswat Visakhapatnam R.K.Timblo Industries (LIM-056) Pearl Mineral Ltd. 13.P. Gupta P.52) Rajasthan State Mines & Minerals (LIM-053) Sagar Cements Ltd. Sastry M. Vaze A. Vol.. (lim-055) The K. Manjrekar V.Mining Engineers’ Association of India Regd. P. Panigrahi 1990-93 M..S. Rao 2007-2009 R. Roonwal Rajasthan-Udaipur Akhilesh Joshi Dr. Ltd. Kanwar Late N... Sundara Raman Shailesh Verma Barajamda Bailadila V.L. A. 8 6 March 2012 . Chowdary Late CLVR Anjaneyulu (S. (LIM-33) Krishna Mines (LIM-27) Madras Cements Ltd. (LIM-7) Tata Iron & Steel Co.B. (LIM-17) Manganese Ore (India) Ltd.K.S. (P) Ltd.V.S. Natarajan P.P.K. Chandra Late H. Cement Ltd (LIM .. Jhingran S. Architects. Gandhi B. (LIM-10) Veerabhadrappa Sangappa & Company (LIM-44) V. S.. Srivastava L.S. (LIM-40) Sri Kumarswamy Mineral Exports (LIM-43) Sudarshan Group of Industries (LIM-047) Tata Chemicals Ltd.S. Rao 2011-2013 Dr. (LIM-35) J.L. S....K. Rao Late R. Mishra 1993-95 K.K. (LIM-051) Shri Sharda Cold Retreads (P) Ltd. Parts & Services Ltd.B. Ltd. Chopra M.C. Biran Mining Engineers’ Association of India 1975-76 G. V. (LIM-28) Ultra Tech Cement Ltd.3) Ahmedabad A. (LIM-1) NMDC Ltd.N. Ltd.. Jhingran Late R.

Rai March 2012 . Secretary N K Garg.Zoshi MEJ.P.Bakliwal Joint Secretary Shri Narendra Garg Treasurer Shri Anand Sharma MEMBERS Shri R. 8 Shri Pradeep Agarwal Shri J. Vol.JAIPUR CHAPTER EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE (2010-12) V C S Shreemal. Member EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE FOR THE TERM 2012-14 Patrons RK Bakliwal VCS Shreemal Chairman Shri O.M. N K Khandelwal. 13. Member Prof. Member M P Meena.C.RAJASTHAN .K. No.P. Jt Sec/Treasurer MEMBERS P C Bakliwal.Jakhar 7 Shri S.K.Meena Shri D.Gupta Vice chairman Shri Anil Mathur Secretary Shri P. Chairman O P Gupta. Vice Chairman Anil Mathur.

2010 One day International Seminar on “Italian Technological Advancements in Dimensional Stone Mining and No. Vice President III. Dr S K Sarangi. Shri V C S Shreemal. Shri R K Bakliwal. Vol. Vice President III and G S Purohit. MEAI for his guidance in launching the chapter and installing the 1st Executive Committee. Rajasthan Chapter – Jaipur. now Rajasthan Chapter – Jaipur came into existence on 13th February 2010 as the 23rd chapter of MEAI in the country. Narendra Garg. P C Bakliwal and many others. B B Dhar. while inaugurating the chapter. Jaipur Chapter. The chapter is indebted to Dr V D Rajagopal. Periodical Executive Committee Meetings 4. NEWS LETTER: The chapter launched the News letter on 11. the then Vice President I. A get-together of the members of the chapter and Mining Fraternity on 24.s Lighting of Lamp during the launching of the chapter MEJ.2010 with S/ Shri R K Bakliwal.06. Chairman. described that the launching of new chapter at Jaipur was a pink feather in the cap of MEAI and now all the members of the chapter are striving to prove it. to celebrate Annual Day function of launching of the chapter on 13th February of every year was appreciated and approved unanimously by all the members of the chapter and the first annual celebrations and two day seminar were organized on 12th and 13th February 2011.11. IBM presented papers. The suggestion form Shri Anil Mathur. 3. Bellary-Hospet and Belgaum). MEAI releasing the first issue. 8 8 Audience during the Seminar March 2012 Processing on 24. 5. Presently. With the launching of Jaipur chapter. Launching of Jaipur chapter was a dream come true for the likes of S/Shri A K Kothari. the membership strength of the chapter is 90 and it is on the increase.2012 coinciding with AGM 2011-12 and half day work shop in which Dr A K Ghosh from NEBT and Shri S P Goyal COM. Vice President III MEAI (the then Chairman of Rajasthan Chapter now Rajasthan chapter – Udaipur). A Seminar on “Global Mining Scenario and Engineering Challenges” on 12th and 13th February 2011 coinciding with the annual celebrations of the Chapter. the then President. Council Member on 9th June 2011 at Jaipur. Rajasthan State requires a few more chapters to fulfill the objects of MEAI. Dr Rajagopal. Rajasthan Chapter – Jaipur.BRIEF HISTORY OF RAJASTHAN-JAIPUR CHAPTER The Jaipur chapter. Anil Mathur. Chairman. Secretary. The Executive Committee and all the members of the chapter are putting in efforts for enrolment of new members and organizing events on regular basis. . O P Gupta. SEMINARS AND MEETINGS: The chapter conducted the following programmes till February 2012. The chapter conducted regular Executive Committee Meetings also. 13. after Karnataka with 3 chapters (Bangalore. The second Anniversary of the chapter was celebrated on 11. Patron Jaipur Chapter and A K Kothari. Past President.02. 1. N K Kahandelwal (whose contribution is phenomenal in organizing seminars) and other members. New Delhi chapter. the chapter at Jaipur was launched. Inspired by the encouragement from Shri R P Gupta.2010 in association with the Italian Trade Commission. 2. on account of the vast area with several mines in operation. Rajasthan became the second state in the country to have 3 chapters operating to fulfill the objects of MEAI. who played an active role in the formation of Jaipur chapter. presently Patron. FELICITATIONS: The chapter felicitated S/Shri A K Kothari. Prof. Prof.04.

2011) at Jaipur Releasing the first news letter of the chapter by Shri R K Bakliwal.11. President First Anniversary celebration and the Seminar on Global Mining Senario and emerging challenges (12th and 13th February 2011) S/Shri A K Kothari.06.2011 MEJ. No. 13.06.2010) Shri Anil Mathur. Vol. Patron and Shri A K Kothari Vice President III MEAI on (11. Secretary being presented a Special price for his efforts in launching the chapter During AGM 2009-10 from Dr V D Rajagopal.2010 March 2012 . Vice President MEAI and G S Purohit.6.A view of International Seminar on Italian Technological Advancements in Dimensional Stone Mining and processing (09. 8 9 Members of the chapter and Mining fraternity during the get together on 04. Council Member MEAI were Felicitated by the chapter on 09.

1.6 mt and South America 48.3 35. Karnataka. Japan produced 107. Vol.2 mt. a 16. The allocation of the additional 146 blocks would enable CIL to achieve production level of 556 million tonne by the end of 2017. 13. 5. producing 177. (Mine web. Country China Japan US India Russia South Korea Germany Ukraine Brazil Turkey 2011 695.5 mt. The deliberation of the Cabinet Ministers would be based on a note prepared by the Commerce Ministry which suggested that all exports of iron ore above 55% iron should be routed through MMTC with 1% commission of value of each consignment. But. unchanged from the year before. up from 44 in 2010. a 1.6 80.7 2. Purchases from south Africa rose by 22%.9 mt. largely in favour of South Africa. particularly in Iron ore belt of Orissa.8% from 2010.4 mt.8% compared to production in 2010 and is a record for global steel production.2 1.7%. Having recorded production till December 2011. China contributed 695.16 billion for acquiring coal mines buys. India still remains no 3. helping to offset some of the missing Indian tonnage. iron ore purchases from India dropped by 24%. 6. the proposal evoked mixed reactions from the miners opposing the move. The EU recorded an increase of 2. But. from the start of 2012. However.9% over 2010. supplying 200 % of what China gets from South Africa. This is an increase of 6.2011: Global Steel production for the year 2011 crossed 1500 million tonne mark reaching 1527 million tonne. 7. Jharkhand. an increase of 7. CIS 126. in 2011 China imported 64% of its iron ore from these two countries. 8. 64 countries supplied iron ore to China in 2011. the company has been forced to rethink its strategy in order to bridge the domestic shortfall and has earmarked $1.5 68.2% increase compared to 2010.1 5. followed by India 72.9 -1. Asian production is 988.8% decrease from 2010. Earlier. For this. an increase of 8.2 68.NEWS FROM THE MINING WORLD Iron: è Global Steel .7% and South Korea 68.7 16. Chinese planners have said that for several years iron ore supplies from India and elsewhere could help break the dominance of the world’s top three iron ore miners. The region’s share of global production is 64. beginning April 2012. Singareni Colleries Company Limited (SCCL) has March 2012 (Source – World Steel Association) Union Cabinet is likely to take call on canalizing high grade iron ore exports through state owned “Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation” (MMTC).1 %Increase 8. while steel producers No. 8 10 è Iron Ore Canalization è Indian Govt.9 43. Top 10 steel producing countries are as follows: S.5 107.2 34. North America 118. the company has to produce nearly 139 million tonne in January – March 2012 period to tally with the previous fiscal. BHP Billiton & Rio Tinto of Australia and Brazil’s Vale.7 6. è China diversified its imports: China diversified its spot iron ore buying away from India in 2011. 9. com) entity: The Coal Ministry is likely to allocate 146 coal blocks with an estimated aggregate reserves of 60 billion tonne to Coal India Limited (CIL). earmarks 146 coal blocks for state è Singareni to invest in Adriyala Coal Project: MEJ.1 2010 638.3 66.0 with no captive mines favouring it on the grounds that canalization would make more resources available to the domestic industry. 10.9% compared to 2010.2 72.5 44.8 33.5 mt.3 35. the company is trying to match last year’s production of 431 million tonne. Meanwhile. 2. the Coal India shelved the plan to buy coal mines abroad in order to focus on domestic production.6 mt.6 86.4 32.8 17.7 68. The proposal to canalize the export of high grade iron ore was in response to a recommendation by Justice M B Shaw commission of Enquiry into wide-spread illegal mining across the country.2 mt.9 58.0 5. in September last year. 4. (Reuters) COAL: è Missing Targets: Coal India is set to miss the revised target of 440 million tonne production this fiscal ending March 2012.4 mt. Goa and Chhattisgarh.9 29.8 7. . 3. an increase of 5. but failed to reduce its dependence on term purchases from top suppliers from Australia and Brazil.No.7 109. at a meeting scheduled for some time in March 2012. as envisaged in the 12th Five Year Plan.

(Economic Times – 1st Feb) No. quality and ecology. (India info line news service) March 2012 MEJ. Reports stated that this deal comes with an intent of furthering NMDC’s interest in the natural resources sector globally.00 24060. (IANS) Indo Asian News Service producers: A Government Panel. Vol. an Australian Govt. the country’s largest iron ore mining company. the Coal Secretary informed that Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) was working towards a co-ordination among Coal. The committee also proposed to incentivize CIL if its output rises above 90% of the total allocated level. The project will use underground shaft mine technology to flush out coal. cost effective and ecofriendly manner. . directed Coal India to streamline supply of coal so that generation of power at major power plants is not affected.00 33000. 13. for a consideration of A$18. è India to talk with Indonesia on proposed coal è Base metal prices as on 1st Feb 2012. Environment and Forest. in Karimnagar district Andhra Pradesh. Shri NK Nanda said that NMDC would start mining within six months with an initial investment of $50 million. gold and base metals exploration company. The ministry explained that its vision is “to secure availability of quality coal to meet the demand of various sectors of economy in a sustainable. Expenditure. Petroleum.” The ministry has specified the time line for various services and transactions to be done with the concerned ministries. NMDC may go for joint venture for developing the African gold mine. Commerce. it would undertake mining activity on its own. If the deal goes through. Research Organization has been retained to investigate and advise on technical specifications.00 ----------------------------------------------------Acquisitions and Investments è NMDC completes acquisition: NMDC completed acquisition of 50% equity stake in Perth based Australian iron ore. 8 11 GOLD è NMDC secures gold mining lease in Tanzania: NMDC. Shri Nanda said. Metal Copper Aluminum Zinc Nickel Tin Cobalt LME $ / MT 8351. has secured a gold mining lease in the Bulyangombe area of Tanzania. As per the Committee’s recommendation.00 è Coal India to streamline supply to power Molybdenum 24250.net) è Coal Ministry released Citizen Charter to increase production: The Coal Ministry has released Citizen Charter for 2012 calendar year with a resolve to augment production through Government companies as well as captive mining route by adopting state of the art and clean coal technologies with a view to improve productivity.in) exports curbs: Indonesian Government had plans to impose export duty on coal and other minerals to discourage exports without value addition and encourage base metals and coal for downstream industry development.received approval from the Union Cabinet Committee to invest Rs.50 2091. it will be the second time the Tatas will be buying stake In the Indonesian Coal mines. Power and Environment Ministries to increase the target for additional production of 100 mt coal by CIL during 12th Five Year Plan period. CSIRO. Legacy is developing the Mt Bevan Iron Ore project which has the potential to be one of the largest resources of iron ore in the central Yilgarn region of Australia.50 20870. Coal India Limited (CIL) will be penalized if its production falls below 80% of the full production indicated in the letter of allocation. è Tata Power to buy stake in MEC Coal: Tata Power is in talks to pick up about 15% stake in MEC coal.00 Lead 2210. The sources said that the deal would include a provision for an off-take arrangement. was constituted in January 2012 by the Prime Minister. (Mining Industry focus. Speaking at the 4th Asian Mining Congress at Kolkata. the Dubai registered company that owns more than two billion tonne of coal reserves in Indonesia. headed by Pulok Chatterjee. The Committee of Secretaries (COS) consisting of secretaries from Department of Power. If it is not able to find suitable JV partner. Union Coal Secretary Alok Perti said that they have taken up the matter with the External Affairs and Finance Ministries to solve the tax issues with the Indonesian government and find a solution through bilateral talks. safety. Legacy Iron Ore Limited.89 million. Coal.50 2219. (business review india. Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister. India’s power sector is highly relied on coal inputs from Indonesia and so may get impacted. Chairman of the company.8460 million for Adriyala coal mine project Godavari Khani. Steel.

Dube graduated in Mining Engineering from Raipur (MP) and obtained his P. allotting the cancelled mines and receiving percentage of sale proceeds from auction of iron ore by monitoring committee. Exports are permitted only when steel plants and others are not prepared to purchase the ore on or above the average price realized by the Monitoring Committee for the corresponding grades during the sale of 25 million tonne of the existing stock. The entire 166 mining leases for iron ore are classified into three categories. The MEJ and MEAI convey their heartfelt condolences to the bereaved family of Dr. Shri Himanshu Dube.11. underground disposal/storage of nuclear waste besides his significant contribution to environmental aspects of major river valley and mining projects. He was associated with major Hydro-Electric Projects in Himalayan region. 8 12 5. including the captive mines of user industries. Dube was an expert in mining technology of international repute. The mines (45) falling in ‘category-A’ may be allowed to resume operation if all statutory clearances are in order. Dr. 13. Govt of No.2011. A Special Purpose Vehicle be set up under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary. He was member of several committees constituted by Government of India. from University of Roorkee (IIT. In this category of mines. OBITUARY Late Dr. operations may be allowed with all statutory compliances and payment of penalty / compensation as decided by Hon’ble Court. ‘B’ and ‘C’ depending upon the quantum of illegality involved therein. Ashwini Kumar Dube. Dube is survived by his wife. underground storage tanks for crude oil. ‘A’. thermal power and the exploration of phosphate assets within India and abroad. Ashwini Kumar Dube (LM NO: 2172) The MEJ regrets to inform the sad demise of Dr. it is also suggested by the CEC that all mining licenses should be auctioned and iron ore produced from the mines be sold at market rate. 3. Chitradurg and Tumkur. Vol. The investments would be aimed at increasing iron ore mining.com) mining: The Central Empowered Committee (CEC) appointed by the Supreme Court to investigate the illegal mining in Karnataka has submitted its final report with historic recommendations which will govern the future of Indian iron ore industries. one of the distinguished members of MEAI on 07.Roorkee). 72 mines falling in ‘category-B’ should be fined for operating outside the sanctioned area. Dr. compensation. served CMRI since 1964 and retired as Director in June 2000. The decision to speed up investment plans by dipping into the free reserves follows a directive from the Prime Minister to all cashrich Government-owned companies not to sit idle on free reserves and bring forward project investments in order to bolster the sagging growth in gross domestic product.hd. Smt. March 2012 2. He was also CSIR’s Emeritus Scientist of CMRI. The iron ore available from these mines should be used to meet the requirement of steel plants and associated industries of Karnataka and also of adjoining states which have been using iron ore from the districts of Bellary.6 billion. 4. Dr. Mamta Dube. (Mining weekly. MEJ. New Delhi. The main recommendation are as follows: 1. his son. No new mining lease will be granted without obtaining permission of Hon’ble Court. His latest contributions to the mining industry were construction of road and rail tunnels. Dube. è SC Panel submits report on Karnataka illegal Besides.è NMDC fast track investments India’s largest iron ore miner NMDC Limited decided to fast track investments worth $900 million during 201213 in an effort to better invest the company’s free cash reserves of about $3. Karnataka to take up various ameliorative and mitigative measures with the resources generated by way of penalty. a daughter and four grand children. Category .’C’ mines. . numbering 49 should be canceled and leases be allotted through bidding to the highest bidder from amongst the endusers. The consequences of CEC’s submission of its recommendation will have far reaching impact on the structure of iron ore industry in the country.

SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: PART III CONTINUED FROM MEJ FEBRUARY 2012) B Arunachalam.spillage of sharp material . Vol.tyre burst No. Nagesh Shenoy The following annexures – 3 to 6 may be red with part I and part II. traffic obstructed Overload . 8 13 March 2012 C E P Rating MEJ. published in January February 2012 issues of Mining Engineers’ Journal. Annexure 3 Sample list of Sub activitys Activity Haul roads 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Lateral Gradient in bench is steep and dragging In correct parking-Slope In sufficient parking space Narrow road Non provision of body level indicator Dumper not checked before starting or after repairs Dumper Over load Dumper Poor braking due to wet and slushy road Poor visibility due fog Poor visibility due glare by excess lighting Poor visibility due raising or setting sun Poor visibility due to bad road lighting Poor visibility due to dust Poor visibility due to poor light fixture in haul road Poor visibility due to sharp turning Poor visibility due to steep change in gradient Road on soft soil not compacted Road rut formation Skidding Steeper gradient Brake testing done in haul road Embankment height in sufficient Empty dumper not giving way to loaded from opposite direction due to spillage on road Haul road drain not protected Haul road median insufficient Haul road no camber Haul road no designated locations for right hand turn Haul road poor or no super elevation Haul road rain water not diverted Haul road too sharp hair pin bends Haul road water tanker reversing down gradient Dumpers Parked side by side waiting for load. . 13.

8 14 March 2012 . 13. Vol.34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Too many people in loading area Too many people in unloading area Too many trucks crowded in loading area Too many trucks crowded in unloading area Trying overtake on haul road Bad road manners and parking Bad unloading area illumination Annexure 4 Collision Prone scenarios MEJ. No.

7 0. (List and ratings indicative and site specific) Sl No Operation Identified Hazard Exposure Risk Rating Consequence Probability Total Control Measures 1 Transport Tipper parked at garage 1. Vol. Narrow width of the road 2. Brake testing . indistinct of rear view mirror. Checking at the entrance and not permitting to perform duty 3 times effective width of roads to be maintained. Failure of the parking brake 2. Otherwise make one way traffic. 5 7 1 35 Proper Training. Sharp curve in the 3 road 7. Training the drivers with simulators . Maintain the Haulage road embankment should be compact and more than dia of largest tyre in use. Direct one jet especially in hoppers to keep camera clean March 2012 3 7 1 21 3 7 1 21 2 Tipper travelling in haulage road 1. by the competent person. Steep gradient 3 7 1 21 7 1 21 3 While reversing the Failure of reversible 5 vehicle audio-visual alarm. Training the drivers with simulators . Compact roads and use water Judiciously . Redesign curves for visibility more than the braking distance at permitted speed.Enforcing of speed limits boards. Roads to be maintained. Side embankment 10 7 1 70 10 7 1 70 3. regular inspection . Erect medians.Enforcing of speed limits boards. Over speed of the 5 vehicle 5. Ditches in road ways resulting in Brake down and operator fatigue 3 7 1 21 4. Installing anti-collision camera and clean as often as required. Redesigned and maintain at not more than 1 in 16 .3 11 MEJ. 13. The one way traffic road to be provided. Person driving the vehicle being in a state of drunkenness.Annexure5 Page 1 Example of Risk rating and control measures HAULAGE. 8 15 . Erect medians. at the entry gate &monitoring. Un authorized person driving the vehicle 3. Regular checking valid gate pass. Over taking of the 5 vehicle 7 1 35 7 1 35 6. No. Provide run away escapes No body to be present where dumpers are reversed.

3 6. 4 Using gas to cut the 3 bushings 7 0. Vol.5 7 0. MEJ. 13.75 When disassembling residual pressure first release Loosen joints.75 When bucket is in danger of falling over brace it with blocks to prevent it from falling When removing a pin. spoiling the 5 vehicle road way Unloading at waste While reversing dump tipper toppling the 3 7 0. 5 3 1 9 Annexure 5 page 2 Example of Risk rating and control measures EXCAVATOR MAINTENANCE .1 1. use a bar designed for removal work and hit the hammer on the bar Check the status of the hanger. (List and ratings indicative and site specific) 1 Excavator Maintenance Removing of pressure hose high 2.3 Before using gas for cutting parts clean thoroughly Wear a face shield Create a opening to release the pressure Ensure availability Protective Equipment 5 Dismantling the under 3 guard of equipment 7 1 21 of Fire 3 Removing the arm/ boom cylinder of shovel 2 3 0.1 1.3 11 Install over load indicators in dumpers and auto weighing system in loaders Ensure entry direction to dump facilitates operator's visibility to check Provided embankments.4 Over loading of the Spillage. No. and keep it balanced so it is not over stretched Work from stable position using a work platform or steps tool.1 0. slowly and monitor carefully stabilize the front of the hydraulic machine 2 Teeth attachment 2.06 Check the weight of under guard in advance Support the under guard before dismantling with a jack Always to use transmission jacks blocks or 6 Bucket removing 2 3 1 6 When removing a pin check that the pin hole is centred Use a round bar that is considerably longer than the pin. Inspect dump at regular frequency. 8 16 March 2012 .5 7 0.

.......... rinsing out the tank with water and then filling with water 9 Working in restricted 2 areas 3 0. Date q Employee Location of Hazard: What action did you take? Risk Controls MEJ..... 10 Removing of center guard track 2 3 0..... Vol.............. Ensure that cooperative workers are all familiar with safety confirmations and signals 11 Dismantling the cylinder 3 head of rock breaker 7 1 21 Hitting with hammer can damage parts or cause debris to fly.......... dangerous • Use proper tools (an L-wrench)....Take care not to get your hands too close to the pin hole 7 Shifting of load within a 5 bucket 7 1 35 Ensure that supported..... rather than completely removing it. 8 q Subcontractor q Third party q Other Describe the hazard Can a permanent control be done? Responsibility 17 March 2012 . Keep out of the path way of potential gushing fluids or flying parts 12 Changing between rock 5 breaker and loading bucket 7 1 35 Fit a coupler device to eliminate hazard Hazard report form Description of hazards Annexure 6 Name.06 keep socket wrenches slipping off or wobbling from Use torque wrenches while working with parts that require a lot of torque... 13...do so only after removing the fuel.06 Avoid potentially activities..01 0..01 0.. so always use a removal jig .... load is fully Check before doing work involving unstable objects Take safety precautions when working in a team 8 Welding near fuel tank 3 7 1 21 Never weld directly on to a fuel tank Attach parts location at a separate If you must weld directly on to the fuel tank .......leave the loosened nut attached to the bolt.... No.

Slips.No. Vol. Contact with falling or flying objects Materials: Inhalation . The study further said that this represents a massive strain on investable resources and weaning away domestic savings from gold assumes importance. 8 March 2012 18 . in its study under “India’s Gold Rush .ingestion of chemicals. Mr Prithviraj Kothari. especially in rural areas. Excessive sound pressure. suggested that the government should spend more on R&D like China does. Contact with live electrical circuit.” The body has suggested that post offices.1 billion in 2001-2002. Exposure to weather. Manually handling objects. Environment. adding that “This is not only a tremendous pressure on India’s foreign exchange reserves but also a burden on the balance of payments and accentuates the current account deficit. Long Term Signature Signature page no Signature of person making entry People Posture/Repetition Lifting/pushing/pulling Gravitational Equipment Mobile Fixed Portable Gravitational Objects Others Materials Chemicals Radiation Electricity Environment Temperature Biological Noise and Vibration Consequence Likelihood Risk Level Refer to Risk assessment card(3) Almost certain Unlikely Dramatic Minor Priority High Likely Rare Major Insignificant Medium People : Tasks requiring awkward position. India’s gold demand is almost five times more. India produces a measly one to two tonne gold a year. China was able to produce 361 tonne of gold this year compared to the 250 tonne last year.Time Short term Supervisor name Comments and action by Superior Entered in Hazard reporting register S. . 13. Contact with powered equipment. which is unsustainable and the government should encourage channelizing savings in formal financial instruments to increase the productive capacity of the economy. Vibration (8.6 per cent more than China’s although China’s GDP is 3.4. ten times the size of the Indian economy.8 billion in 2010-11 and $4. Director. injection. adding that India has lot of gold reserves in Jharkhand and elsewhere which are not being exploited as there are no R&D efforts.Its Impact and sustainability” raised the red flag on Indian Gold Imports likely to touch $ 100 billion by 2015-16 against the import of $33. MEJ.0 To be continued) Golden Trap for FOREX – India may import $ 100 billion worth gold in 2015 The trade body. Exposure to infectious bacteria or fungi. Riddisiddhi Bullions Ltd. the largest importer of gold in the world.absorption. The total import value of gold during last financial year was higher than the gross state domestic product of 12 states and budget estimated expenditure on fertiliser and food subsidy. Use and condition of portable equipment. No. India’s gold demand is 37. Compared with the United States which has a $14 trillion economy. Exposure to radiation source. trips and falls Equipment: Contact with moving equipment. Assocham. should be used to sell such government guaranteed instruments to extend their reach throughout India.5 times of India’s.

Acidization of oil well is the most frequently used stimulation techniques to increase or to restore oil well productivity by using different acid mixtures. Oil well stimulation. National Institute of Technology Karnataka. Because of good machinability and low cost. the service life of these machines reduces substantially in the particular environment due to aggressiveness of the environment. Surendranathan A. 8 19 March 2012 .0 Introduction The resource industries like mining. *** Research Scholar. Millions of liters of water are disposed off every day from mines. But mining industry has been relatively inactive in the field of corrosion control compared to industries like chemical. National Institute of Technology Karnataka. the oil well equipments such as tubings and casings and the operating conditions are some of the important factors that affect the corrosivity. H2S etc). Acute corrosion problems are encountered in some north eastern Indian coal mines where mine water is highly acidic and polluted. CO2 and H2S gases in combination with water are the main cause of corrosion in oil and gas production. Vol. Dept of Mining Engineering. The presence of sulphate and chloride ions in mine water further aggravates the severity of this environment [1]. Various factors have to be considered while dealing with corrosion problems of oil and gas industry. pipeline engineers.in addition to the monetary loss it is of vital concern in relation to safety measures. such as high mineralization of water. In the oilfields metal tubulars and pipelines for the production and transportation of crude oil and bottom waters are prone to corrosion. the acids used for stimulation. The use of inhibitors is one of the most practical methods to protect the metals against acid corrosion. It is imperative to the field operators. No. Each and every case has to be considered in its totality before a decision is made on the proper materials. 13. Dept of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering. It is generally acidic and contains very high concentration of sulphates (SO42-) and Chloride (Cl-) ions. Suratkal. usually done with hot solutions of hydrochloric acid. There is a great need for new more effective and low cost Abstract * Professor. The problems of mine water corrosion are widespread in underground coal mines. No particular material is the cure for all the evils of corrosion.N *. Due to low pH of mine water. But mining industry has been relatively inactive in the field of corrosion control compared to industries like chemical.Sources of corrosion in resource industries – an overview Murthy Ch. Extraction and transportation of watered oil are almost elsewhere accompanied by corrosion of the inner surface of oilfield equipments. and designers to have corrosion awareness concerning the resource industries in their day to day activities to mitigate corrosion. petroleum etc. high contents of corrosive gases (CO2. Scientists are increasingly active towards the baffling problem. petroleum etc are facing serious corrosion problems.O **. petroleum etc. Dept of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering. Mine water found in mines is highly corrosive because of its complex and corrosive nature. petroleum etc are facing serious corrosion problems. especially in mining sector. It may due to the fact that economic benefits gained from corrosion prevention methods are limited and most of the iron ore mines are not bothered much about the corrosion problem specific to iron ore mining. National Institute of Technology Karnataka. It is known that the acid treatments with hot acid solution promote severe corrosion attack of metal fittings used for the acidization treatment. The type of reservoir rocks. Rajeev Puthalath The resource industries like mining. there is still a need to study the situation broadly at laboratory and field levels. Generally the metal fittings used for the acidization treatment in petroleum industry have been made by different grades of steel. More so because. Damage due to corrosion in petroleum industry is found to occur mostly due to the chemical factors. 1. Study related to corrosion in iron ore mines is very limited and sufficient informations are not reported. the problem of corrosion is increasing in intensity. the hydrogen evolution reaction becomes more pronounced leading to an increase in the corrosion phenomena. Mine water found in mines is highly corrosive because of its complex and corrosive nature. With increasing mechanization. downhole tools and casing. may induce severe corrosion attack on production tubing. However. But. Suratkal MEJ.S. Suratkal ** Professor. Millions of liters of water are disposed off every day from mines. mild steel is extensively used as a structural material for different machineries employed in resource industries.

The overflow of the classifier. which are operating below water table or just above the confined aquifers. 2. water accumulated in the mine pit is required to be pumped out to facilitate the mining operation. Underflow tailings are discharged to tailings pond for further solid . A large percentage of iron ore in the Goa region is located below the water table and a number of mines are now operating below water table. Oil and grease pollution from workshops’ effluent. Clarified water from the tailing pond are also reclaimed and recycled back to the system in most of the major iron ore mines in India. exposed outcrops etc.1. The action of rainwater on piles of mining waste (tailings) transfers pollution to freshwater supplies. tailings pond seepage/overflow etc. USA has been closed since 1963 but continues to drain sulfuric acid and heavy metals (such as cadmium and zinc) into the Sacramento River. 2.liquid separation. No. tailings. The Iron Mountain mine in California. Following are the major sources of water pollution from the Iron Ore Mines: • • • Effluent generated from the ore processing Plant. and sometimes in areas with high rainfall. the ore is being crushed. . mainly consisting of finer solids i. Surface run-off from various mining areas during monsoon e. Some of the cyanide ultimately finds its way into nearby water. scrubbed. Since most commercial blasting agents contain ammonium nitrate.000 years. As the iron ore contains only traces of sulphur.g.0 The origin of corrosion in mining [2] Generally main cause of corrosion is water pollution. washed. The pit water is normally laden with suspended solids. 2. Mining causes water pollution in a number of ways: • The mining process exposes heavy metals and sulfur compounds that were previously locked away in the earth. water pollution causes is that mining companies in developing countries sometimes dump mining waste directly into rivers or other bodies of water as a method of disposal. Surface run off from the mining and other areas gets laden with aluminous lateritic soil from mine benches. If a dam leaks or bursts. the pit water is being discharged to the exhausted pits and being utilized for ore washing purpose. is sent to thickener for solid-liquid separation.1. organophosphates has resulted in an increase in the use of organic inhibitors. derived from within the pit and generally used for ore washing purposes or discharged to the nearby water bodies. Developed countries are not immune from such insanity.1 Effluent from ore processing plant In most of the mechanized iron ore mines. Rainwater leaches these compounds out of the exposed earth. method of mining & ore processing etc. wet-screened. Pit water discharge from mines operating below water table. resulting in "acid mine drainage" and heavy metal pollution that can continue long after the mining operations have ceased. In wet circuit. In most of the big mines. the clarified water is discharged through a weir. Water contamination with nitrogenous compounds can promote corrosion..e. Vol. the surface run off water does not get acidic. type of ore.1 Sources of Water Pollution Water pollution from the mining operations mainly depend on topography of the area.000 times more acidic than battery acid. Experts say the pollution may continue for another 3. 2. water pollution is guaranteed. where there is no provision of reclaiming water from the pond.1. In the case of gold mining.3 Surface runoff The single most important environmental aspect of mines is the surface runoff from various areas during monsoon. The river's bright orange water is completely devoid of life and has a pH of -3. Effluents generated from the ore washing mainly consists suspended solids. intensity of rainfall. The environmental damage caused by the inorganic inhibitors such as chromium and mercury containing compounds. there is a direct relationship between explosives use and the ammonium and nitrate levels in mine effluents. The mining industry uses large amounts of explosives and a part of them remains undetonated. Water requirement for this purpose is in the tune of 1 m3 per tonne of ROM for adding at various stages. cyanide is intentionally poured on piles of mined rock (a leach heap) to chemically extract the gold from the ore.inhibitors for oil well applications to eliminate costly failure of the equipments. but become highly turbid due to loosening of soils by 20 March 2012 • • • Perhaps the worst offense in the category of mining vs. Huge pools of mining waste "slurry" are often stored behind containment dams. After settling of the tailings at the bottom of the thickener. 8 • MEJ. The effluent is initially treated in classifier to recover the coarser particles as ore fines. waste/reject dumps. as most of the iron ore mines in India are located in hill tops with steep slopes and in dense forest areas. 2. which is 10. 13.2 Pit water discharge from mines In iron ore mines. Ore having high alumina and silica are generally being processed in the wet circuit mainly to improve the quality of the ore and to remove the impurities for smooth blast furnace operation. classified etc. clarified overflow water (about 60 %) is reclaimed and recycled to the system. In some mines. ore is being processed either in dry or in wet circuits depending on the quality of ore feed.

The effluent is treated in series of sedimentation tanks with oil traps. The main bulk of underground water from major Indian coal fields is neutral to alkaline in nature. The tailings contain large amounts of sulphide. Thus spontaneous chemical weathering takes place. In addition to moisture. and as such does not normally give rise to any serious corrosion problems. which are either unwanted or were not extracted.the mining activities. service centres etc. Sulphides containing valuable material (either metals.1 Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) Acid mine drainage (AMD). Acute corrosion problems are. Other areas like workshops.4 Effluent from workshops and garages The effluent generated from the workshops and auto garages mainly consists of oil and solids. refers to the outflow of acidic water from (usually abandoned) metal mines or coal mines. 13.1. sulphide itself) are processed. In India it is a serious problem in coal mining areas of northeastern coal field. sulphur oxides etc which accelerate corrosion of mining equipment. However the problem of acidity is not of much concern in other coalfields of the country. metals and sulphate into surface water and groundwater. or acid rock drainage (ARD). 8 21 March 2012 . these treated effluents are discharged to the nearby lands where it is evaporated. releasing acid. rails upto 5 years and MS tubes 1 to 1. The problem of AMD is intensely localized in the northeastern coalfield of India where ecology of the surrounding area is badly disrupted. encountered in some north eastern Indian coal mines where mine water is highly acidic and polluted. Ore handling and stockpile areas. is known as acid mine drainage (AMD). As the effluent generation is very low. 2. those sulphides which are not part of the ore material are dumped in waste rock dumps with other rocks.5 years [3]. Separate effluent treatment plants have been provided for treatment of these effluents in most of the big iron ore mines. Major sources of runoff from the mines are as follows: • • • • Waste dump areas. This results in more of the sulphides being exposed to the surface environment.1 Precipitation along stream bed (yellow boy) MEJ. Coal mine industry has to pump out millions of liters of water everyday. garages. The majority of materials and metals extracted from the earth by mining occur naturally as sulphide ores or are associated with sulphide minerals.AMD cripples the economy of mines due to compliance of stringent environmental standards and involves huge cost burden in its management. Mine proper and haul roads. however. This process. Fig. and the residue dumped in slimes (tailings) dams. where they are unstable. last only to 6 to 8 hours in acidic mines. 3.0 Corrosion in coal mining Mine water occupies a unique place in corrosion study in view of their highly complex nature and widely varying composition from mine to mine. mine atmospheres contain pollutants like dust. The life span of mining equipments being used gets reduced drastically because of high acidity of mine water.It is one of the most persistent environmental pollution problem which occurs world wide in the mining regions. The atmosphere in all mines is found to be with high humidity. whereby sulphide minerals break down in the presence or oxygen and catalyzing bacteria. The problems of mine water corrosion are widespread in underground coal mines. or in the case of a pyrite mine. Similarly MS pipes last 7 to 10 days. 3. No. The cast iron pumps which last 2 years in a mine having neutral or alkaline mine water. During the extraction process. Vol.

.. A possible mechanism has been suggested on the basis of X-Ray results......... OH 4FeSO4 + O2 + 2H2O = 4 Fe SO4 In the presence of the acid. At lower pH......e.. lepidocrocite along with FeO and Fe2O3 ..... (2) and (4) are operative [3]. The Thiobacillus Thioxidans hardly play a role in the formation of AMD but Thiobacillus Ferro-oxidans accelerates the pyrite oxidation and hence severe AMD is produced........ silver....0 Corrosion in Iron ore mines [2] Study related to corrosion in iron ore mines is very limited March 2012 .. (2) 2H+ + 2e = H2 ........ AMD also occurs from copper mines in Norway and Spain... The chemistry of oxidation of pyrites might be a complex phenomenon.6] 2 FeS2 + 7O2 + 2H2O = 2Fe SO4 + 2H2SO4 FeS2 + 3O2 = Fe SO4 + SO2 Fe S2 + 7 Fe2 (SO4)3 + 8H2O = 15FeSO4 + 8H2SO4 Ferrous salts are oxidized to some extent by exposure to the air and in solution they are oxidized by dissolved Oxygen resulting in the formation of a basic salt....0 to 4.............+ Fe-O-O = Fe-OH + Fe-O-OH ..5) is produced............. pyrites and organic sulphur present in the ore.........OH in X ray studies... but as the acidity is decreased at higher pH reactions (1).......The most evident consequence of AMD contamination to surface water is the precipitation along streambeds of brightly colored orange or yellow secondary iron and sulphur minerals. 8 22 of iron and sulphate and hence raise the acidity [7]..... Iron gets oxidized due to formation of water and oxygen bonding on the metal surface through the transfer of change between metal and oxygen system... Chemically this oxidation is a two step reaction as given below..... The influence of bacteria is indigenous to AMD pollution..........2 Origin of Acidity in Mine Water It has been confirmed through experiments that the acidity of mine water is mostly due to chemical leaching of the sulphate salt....4 Mechanism of Corrosion of Mining Equipments by AMD Corrosion Mechanism of mining equipments caused by AMD may be of much help for suggesting a way to mitigate mine water corrosion. the turbid solution of basic ferric salt is changed to a solution of neutral salt....3 Role of Bacteria in Acid Formation The presence of iron and sulphur oxidizing bacteria in mine water has been confirmed...OH i....OH i.. (3) O2 + 2H2 O + 4e = 4(OH) . Fe2O (SO4)2 + H2SO4 = Fe2 (SO4)3 + H2O Fe2 (SO4)3 +6H2O = 2Fe (OH)3 + 3H2SO4 Thus water with a low pH (2.. (5) H Fe + O2 = Fe-O-O ....... Yugoslavia.......... India and Australia........ XRD 6 X ray diffractometer.. (4) This mechanism is confirmed by the formation of yellow precipitates in AMD at many places.. More insidious effects of AMD water pollution includes corrosion of mining equipment and structures such as barges... 3...................... zinc and uranium mines in Canada and gold and coal mines in South Africa [5].... (6) H Fe – O...... 3... Initially in acid mine water hydrogen is evolved and the pH value rises to about 5........... bridges and concrete materials..E.... From the X ray investigations of corrosion product carried out on a G. H Fe + H2O = Fe –O .... Fe = Fe + + e ..................... No... (7) H The reaction stimulates peroxide and oxide layer formation as confirmed by α-FeO........e................ below given reactions (1)............ 4. which are colloquially referred to as “yellow boy” (Fig......... 1).......... Goethite and -FeO........... Apart from coal mines of USA..(2) and (3) are active. It was experimentally proved that acid mine water contain Thiobacillus Ferro-oxidans and Thiobacillus Thioxidans which accelerates the oxidation MEJ.0.. (1) Fe= = Fe++ + 2e . 3.................OH and γ-FeO......... but can be represented in the following ways: [3...... A lot of research has already been done pertaining to general aspects of AMD in other countries but not much work has so far been done in India... it was confirmed that the formation and predominance of -FeO. atmospheric and bacterial oxidation of hematite......... 13.... The results indicate that the corrosion has occurred along grain boundaries and the failure of the pipe is due to intercrystalline type of corrosion........... Vol..... Fortunately AMD does not contain substances which are particularly toxic to men and animal by ingestion [4]......

So water and environmental pollution is a serious problem in this area. metallurgical factor such as the characteristics of the metal. Vol. processing of ore. Andhra Pradesh. Water pollution is a serious problem. Coupled with high overburden to ore ratio (of an average of about 2. Oxides of nitrogen can react in the atmosphere with hydrocarbons to produce photo-chemical smog. SO2 and CO emissions. Various factors have to be considered while dealing with corrosion problems of oil and gas industry. dry tailings. Handling all these corrosion situations. Dust can be a significant nuisance to surrounding land users and potential health risk in some circumstances. In the oilfields metal tubulars and pipelines for the production and transportation of crude oil and bottom waters are prone to corrosion. Karnataka-1676 million tonnes (11%) and Goa-713 million tonnes (5%). In addition to this. high contents of corrosive gases (CO2. This leads to acquiring land outside the lease area for dumping rejects. which plays such an important role in corrosion. Mining lease in the area is restricted and resulted in improper mine infrastructure development and lateral mine development. from vehicular exhaust. Many waste dumps are situated in the upper part of the valley regions and during monsoon. 13. but also drilling equipment. blasting and movement of HEMM/vehicles produce NOx. About 60% of haematite ore deposits are found in the Eastern sector and about 80% magnetite ore deposits occur in the Southern sector. 8 23 Dusts are the single largest air pollutant observed in the iron ore mines. 5. is not normally present in producing formations. the sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen can generate an acid rain which leads to corrosion in iron ore mines. usually at low levels. removal of top soil (during opening up of new areas). H2S etc) and the presence of atmospheric oxygen in pipelines. produced or injected for secondary recovery. drilling. especially in Karnataka.626 million tonnes are remaining resources. pipelines and mud handling equipment. Oxygen. the oil well equipments such as tubings and casings and the operating conditions are some of the important factors that affect the corrosivity. In addition to this. It is only at the drilling stage that oxygen contaminated fluids are first introduced. dumps are typically steep with slopes greater than 30o and height of 30-50 Mts. Oxides of Nitrogen.630 million tonnes of which 7. But some of the potential sources of corrosion are discussed here. Diesel power stations. • Gases.0 Corrosion problem in petroleum industry Extraction and transportation of watered oil are almost everywhere accompanied by corrosion of the inner surface of oilfield equipments. used to remove scale.1 The Iron Ore Industry in Goa The iron ore industry in Goa operates under certain difficult conditions specific to Goan iron ore mines. The major gaseous pollutants of concern in iron ore mines are sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen. Land being in short supply.0:1)[2]. removal of OB/ ore. Uttar Pradesh and Assam together contain around 4% of haematite. the acids used for stimulation. it makes very difficult for having waste dump properly designed or even there is very limited space (or none at all) available within the lease area to dump the waste material. Sulphur Dioxide. Rajasthan. The type of reservoir rocks. Dust emissions from these operations mainly depend on moisture content of the ore and type of control measures adopted. left untreated. Water and carbon dioxide. Carbon Monoxide etc. diesel operating drilling machines. MEJ. Damage due to corrosion in petroleum industry is found to occur mostly due to the chemical factors. laminated. pressures and stresses involved in drilling or production requires the March 2012 . run off from dumps is common. even though serious corrosion problems specific to iron ore mining are not reported so far. blasting. Madhya Pradesh. Haematite and magnetite are the most prominent of the iron ores found in India. temperature and pressure. 4. the physical factors such as flow hydrodynamics. will corrode not only well casing. friable and also in powdery form. readily attack metal. Orissa-4761 million tonnes (33%).and sufficient informations are not reported. such as high mineralization of water. loading & unloading of material on site & subsequent transport off the site etc. Indian deposits of haematite belong to pre-Cambrian iron ore series and the ore is within banded iron ore formations occurring as massive. wind action affecting stockpiles. with the added complications of high temperature. This necessitates transport problem within the mine because of greater working depth. Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) poses other problems. such as. Major haematite resources are located mainly in Jharkhand-4036 million tonnes (28%). The balance resources are spread over in the state of Maharashtra. 4. Dust is being produced from a number of sources and through number of mechanisms such as land clearing. Drilling muds. crushing & screening. Mining activity in several places is being carried out below the water table. can cause severe corrosion of oil well steels. The major air pollutants from mining include: • Particulate matter (dust) of various sizes. India possesses haematite resources of 14. Chattisgarh-2731 million tonnes (19%). which requires dewatering of pits for operation to continue.2 Air Pollution and its effects on corrosion in Iron Mines The air quality in the mining areas mainly depends on the nature & concentration of emissions and meteorological conditions. It may due to the fact that economic benefits gained from corrosion prevention methods are limited and most of the iron ore mines are not bothered much about the corrosion problem specific to iron ore mining. No.004 million tonnes are reserves and 7. Acids.5 to 3. exposed mining areas and waste dumps also generate significant amount of dust.

dissolution of scale in fractures. which is a much more serious problem. When the environment is too aggressive for bare carbon steels. Vol. ClCH2COOH These acids differ in their characteristics. Internal corrosion caused by the produced fluids is the most costly of the corrosion problems in the oil and gas industry since internal mitigation methods cannot be easily maintained and inspected. A generic term used to describe a treatment fluid typically comprising HCl acid and acid additives depending upon the underground nature of the oil wells. The acid mixture is helpful in dissolving certain components of drilling mud that block the inflow of oil in the producing zone. Choice of the acid and any additives for a given situation depends on the underground reservoir characteristics and the specific intention of the treatment.CO2 can produce not only general corrosion but also localized corrosion. therefore.1 Acidization Treatment in Oil Wells [9-10] Acidization of oil well is the most frequently used stimulation techniques to increase or to restore oil well productivity by enlarging the microscopic flow channel using different acid mixtures. the most common are: [9] • • • • • • Hydrochloric. No. for example near well bore damage removal. It is commercially available and cost effective.3 Corrosion Inhibitors Organic compounds are widely used in various industries as corrosion inhibitors for preventing corrosion in acidic environments. an increasingly key figure in the industry.expertise of a corrosion engineer. MEJ. and the petroleum refining industry. The corrosion inhibitors are specific in terms of metal-environment. The resource industries using corrosion inhibitors are the oil and gas exploration and production industry. Although inhibitors can be used with great advantage to suppress the corrosion of metal in many environments. but still there are certain limitations for the systems where they are used. It is known that the acid treatments with hot acid solution promote severe corrosion attack of metal fittings used for the acidization treatment. 8 24 The acid reaction may be represented by the following equation [10]. Generally in petroleum industry about 15% hydrochloric acid is used for the acidization treatment because it leaves no insoluble reaction product. Therefore. CH3COOH Formic. the acid is pumped inside the well. 5.The majority of acidizing treatments carried out utilize hydrochloric acid (HCl). From the materials cost point of view. 5. In some cases. It may not be possible to add inhibitors for corrosive systems because they may contaminate the environment or even increase the corrosion March 2012 . big efforts have been made in order to increase their corrosion resistance. 2HCl + CaCO3 = CaCl2 + H2O + CO2 CaMg (CO3)2 + 4HCl = CaCl2 + MgCl2 + 2H2O + 2CO2 Generally the metal fittings used for the acidization treatment in petroleum industry have been made by N80 steel [11]. temperature and concentration range. when added to an environment. the interest of oil well acidizing process was revived again . HCOOH Sulfamic. Approximately 60% of oilfield failures are related to CO2 corrosion mainly due to inadequate predictive capability and the poor resistance of carbon and low alloy steels to this type of corrosive attack [8]. hydrochloric acid is preferred for acidization job for stimulating carbonate based reservoirs because it is cheap and the ferrous chloride formed on the surface is highly soluble in water. Among the various acids. either continuously or intermittently to prevent serious corrosion. In addition. decreases the rate of attack by the environment on a metal. the ratio of watery oil in the produced fluids increases and can reach levels of 95% or higher [8]. The use of inhibitors is one of the most practical methods to protect the metals against acid corrosion. 13. it is normal practice to re-inject production water downhole to maintain the reservoir pressure and stability as well as perform water flooding (using seawater or fresh water sources) to drive oil out of the formation. etc. A corrosion inhibitor is a substance which. There is a great need for new more effective and low cost inhibitors for oil well applications to eliminate costly failure of the equipments. In the year 1932 when chemical inhibitors were developed. the use of carbon and low alloy steel for tubings and pipelines is the most convenient option [8] and. HF Acetic. which enters into the drainage channels tributary and dissolves the exposed lime stone surfaces of the rocks. As field ages. Therefore to enhance the commercial production. CO2 and H2S gases in combination with water are the main cause of corrosion in oil and gas production. HCl Hydrofluoric.2 Conventional Acid Systems A number of different acids are used in conventional acidizing treatments. Corrosion inhibitors are commonly added in small amounts to environments. as a field ages. hydrochloric acid mixed with other acid is used to dissolve clays and other silicate materials. H2NSO3H Chloroacetic. the options to reduce corrosion problems are the use of inhibitors or corrosion resistant alloys. 5. corrosion control becomes more expensive.This rise in water content implies an increase of the corrosion problems.

organic compounds are more effective than inorganic compounds when used as corrosion inhibitors to protect steel in acidic media [12-17]. alkenyl phenones. anodic sites and both the cathodic and anodic sites of the corroded metal surface. inhibitors are added to the acid solution during the acidifying process. To reduce the aggressive attack of the acid on tubing and casing materials (N-80 steel). 1 2 3 Criteria of Classification Compounds as inhibitors Type a)Organic b)Inorganic Nature of environment or a)Acidic medium used b) Basic or alkaline Electrical nature a) Anodic b) Cathodic c) Mixed 4 State of activity involved a) Passivators b) Precipitators c) Vapor phase 5 Miscellaneous a) Oil soluble b) Volatile c) Colloidal Organic inhibitors are classified as (1) Cathodic (2) Anodic (3) Mixed type according to their preferential protection of the cathodic sites. CO2. nitrogen containing heterocyclics.0 Conclusion The corrosion is an orderly process subject to scientific laws and can be controlled by rational procedures. so it is important to search for new nontoxic and effective organic corrosion inhibitors for oil well steel (N-80 steel) – 15% hydrochloric acid system. pipelines etc. In this regard. Therefore. No. Corrosion problems in petroleum refining operations associated with naphthenic acid constituents and sulfur compounds in crude oils have been recognized for many years. But. Dissolved O2 is the main species causing corrosion in recovery units. 13. quaternary salts and condensation products of carbonyls and amines. Inhibitors generally rapidly lose their effectiveness as the concentration and temperature of the environment increase.rate. Probably no other single industry is facing with the widely variant and extensive corrosion March 2012 . Once the protective coating is established. significant progress has not been achieved in the corrosion study in mining sector. aromatic aldehydes. Wet corrosion in refineries can be controlled by passivating. In general. about 10 to 100 ppm [18]. where the operating temperatures and/or the acid concentrations are higher. The inhibition in oil and gas field is more complicated and requires specialty inhibitors depending on the area of application such as in refineries. they are effective only at high concentrations and they are harmful to the environment due to their toxicity. usually done with hot solutions of hydrochloric acid. In general. It is commonly brought about by forcing a solution of 15% to 28% hydrochloric acid into the well to open up near bore channels in the formation and hence to increase the flow of oil. It is preferable to add the inhibitor composition at a relatively high initial dosage rate. and to maintain this level for a relatively short period of time until the presence of the inhibitor induces build-up of a corrosion protective coating on the metal surfaces. the dosage may be reduced to an operational range. No. It is known that nitrogen based corrosion inhibitors are relatively ineffective in the high temperature environment. Slag inhibitors are used along with the corrosion inhibitors to reduce deposits. 6. and organic acids complicate the problem of inhibition in wells. Oil well stimulation. Both water soluble and oil soluble inhibitors are used in pipelines. neutralizing or adsorption type inhibitors. it is not possible to adopt the same protective scheme in all cases. about 2000 to 5000 ppm. downhole tools and casing. However. amino acid compounds have a promising alternative for the design of eco-friendly corrosion inhibitors which will MEJ. Study related to corrosion in iron ore mines is very limited and sufficient informations are not reported. recovery units. The effective acidizing inhibitors that are usually found in commercial formulations are acetylenic alcohols. these inhibitors suffer from drawbacks .4 Inhibitors for Acid Solutions Acidization of a petroleum oil well is one of the important stimulation techniques for enhancing oil production. Also. wells. HCl may form in refineries as a by-product. in India. Many researches have been carried out to mitigate corrosion. The causes of corrosion may differ depending on the nature of the metal which suffers corrosion and its environment in which it exists. Dry corrosion is of great importance in refinery processes. It is particularly severe in atmospheric and vacuum distillation units at higher temperatures. 8 25 satisfy the environmental requirements. The corrosion inhibitors are classified according to a number of criteria summarized in the following Table: Sl. Vol. may induce severe corrosion attack on production tubing. But studies have been conducted of corrosion in coal mines especially of North Eastern coal fields. the phosphorus-containing compounds may impair the function of various catalysts used to treat crude oil. Adsorption type inhibitors are widely used for preventing internal corrosion of pipelines carrying refined petroleum products. 5. CO2 and H2S intensify corrosion problems in natural gas pipelines. 175-400oC [18]. a proportionately higher amount of the corrosion inhibitor composition will be required. O2. Aggressive gases such as H2S.

8 26 [11] VISWANATHAN S. BANERJEE.S. LOVE D. Dhanbad . 1988. Comprehensive industry document on iron ore mining. GURDEEP SINGH. . 24 (2003). pp 7. pp 297310.(2007).Fatty acid derivatives as corrosion inhibitors for mild steel and oil well tubular steel in 15% boiling Hydrochloric acid. [17] QURAISHI .J. GRATWICKE B. (1982).Eco friendly corrosion inhibitor for N-80 steel in Hydrochloric acid. The influence of microstructure and chemical composition of carbon and low alloy steels in CO2 corrosion.(2007). Govt. Assam. pp.Indian School of Mines.S.John Lennon If there is some pardon in everything.TARQ SAEED . No. SIMISON .B and LOPP.H. [15] GROWCOCK. second addition. December 1982. Issue 4. Occurrence of Acid Mine Drainage in North Eastern Coal Mines of India. Vol.(2005). [6] RAVENGEI S.F. International journal of mine water. Kolkata. pp 21-32. Well completions.A review on recent patents in corrosion inhibitors .M. MEJ. 2010.D.C.Vol II.RAWAT. The role of microorganisms in the formation of Acid Mine Drainage in the north eastern coal field of India. J. East Arjun Nagar. Institute of oil & gas production Technology. .Mazowe Valley. February 1989. VALLE. Impact of Iron Duke Pyrite Mine on water chemistry and aquatic life. and G. National Seminar on Mineral & Ecology . DANISH JAMAL and MOHD.(2008).B.S. [8] LOPEZ.J. September 2007. [18] VISWANATHAN. University of Kentucky. Indian Institute of Petroleum.(1982).3.(2007).2.N. pp 2.Corrosion due to acid mine water and its control. Texas.Les Brown March 2012 . 1982 Symposium on Surface Mining Hydrology . pp 8-10. .(1988).M. but it is very quickly saturated with a bad one. pp 5-10. [5] GURDEEP SINGH.1. Volume 2. References [1] GURDEEP SINGH. 13. Corrosion inhibitors for oil well acidizing equipments.A state of art appraisal.(2003). Parivesh Bhawan. Sedimentology and Reclamation.pp 6-12.M.W and DOWEL SCHLUMBERGER. SAXENA A. DWECK. 15th LAWSP SYMPOSIUM. ALAN P.SINGH. Indian Journal of Chemical Technology. and NILESH HALDAR.U.S.PEREZ. New Delhi – 110032. Production operations. The drilling and pumping equipment. [7] RAWAT N.L. MANDINGAISA O.U. (Ministry of Environment and Forests.77. [12] YADAV.The inhibition of steel corrosion in hydrochloric acid with 3-phenyl-2propyn-1-01.A .1. Vol. Vol. ROBERTS.R.(2010).Temperature dependence of corrosion inhibition of steels used in oil well stimulation using acetylenic compound and halide ions salt mixtures. India. Recent patents on corrosion science. [9] THOMAS O.(1982).. of petroleum and gas. pp 561-575. Lexington-40506-0046. Corrosion Science.2. a dream together is a realty. *** Quotable Quotes A Dream you dream alone is only a dream.15. 31. pp 29-36. Houston. Environ.C and GOYAL. suffers sever attack due to corrosion.. Brazilian J. Volume 28. of India). Proceedings. pp 8-15. ALLEN. Water SA. there is also something to condemn. Indian journal of mine water.K. A survey of corrosivity of underground mine water from Indian coal mines. 2(1982). microbiological and geological aspects of acid mine drainage and its control aspects. January 2008.J.S.A. Dehradun.Friedich Nietzche A market is never saturated with a good product.4. [14] SAXENA. Vol. Zimbabwe . [13] MENEZES. you will develop a hunger to accomplish your dreams. and SHARMA. and VISWANATHAN S.Corrosion inhibition of N80 steel in hydrochloric acid by phenol derivatives.R. India.. No. JAOCS. ONGC Ltd. (2006).1-3. pp 219-227.A case study from NEC.(2011). [10] Training manual on production operations for nonproduction engineers. No.Sci 2(4) pp 407-414... Mater.1.7. and OWEN R.. [16] FRENIER W.M. 501-506. 2nd Asian Mining Congress. [2] CENTRAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD. 2007. 14. Work over and stimulation. Material &Design .S.(2000).Chemical . LOVE I. [3] RAWAT N. ISSN 03784738.problem in various phases of the oil industry.A. March 6-7. Panvel.Henry Ford If you take responsibility for yourself. pp 397-410. Acidizing fluids used to stimulate high temperature wells can be inhibited using organic chemicals. [4] GURDEEP SINGH and NARENDRA S. .M.(1989). and QU EIROZNETO. (2007008). SPE International symposium on oil field chemistry. The Mining Geological and Metallurgical Institute of India (MGMI). the damage from which millions of dollars are lost annually. pipelines for the transportation of oil etc.T.SAJI.M.P. No. pp 89-111. Vol.

CMPDIL. the 11th January. i) Progressive or Concurrent Mine Closure Plan and ii) Final Mine Closure Plan. The money to be levied per hectare of mining lease is to be deposited every year after commencement of any activity on the land for the mine after opening an Escrow Account. SCCL. Sir. 2. SUBJECT: GUIDELINES FOR PREPARATION OF MINE CLOSURE PLAN -REG. Coal India Limited. Mining company/owners including all Public Sector Undertakings shall deposit the yearly amount in a Scheduled Bank in accordance with paragraphs 7 of the guidelines Annexed herewith. and inay continue even after the reserves are exhausted and/or mining is discontinued till the mining area is restored to an acceptable level to create a self sustained ecosystem. has been decided by the Government. the competent authority to approve the MCP will be the authority competent to approve the Mining Plan. 4. are also required to prepare and obtain the approval of Mine Closure Plan as per these guidelines within a period of one year from the day of these guidelines coming into effect. Progressive Mine Closure Plan would include various land use activities to be done continuously and sequentially during the entire period of the mining operations. 4. 1. 4 and 6 of the said guidelines.P. I am directed to state that H. (v) Four copies of MCP of all mines covered at Sub-Para iv) above shall be submitted to Ministry of Coal within the Umeframe indicated at (ii) and (iii) referred above. who are operating coal mines without the approval of any Mine Closure Plan are required to obtain a Mine Closure Plan approved as per these guidelines within a period of one year or two years in advance of mine closure whichever is earlier from the day these guidelines come into effect. that all coal (including lignite) mining operations in India shall be governed as per the guidelines listed in the Annexure to this letter. (iii) All coal mine owners. Vol. 3. Neyveli. 13. 4 and 6 of the enclosed guidelines for preparation of Mine Closure Plan shall be adhered to. 55011-01-2009-CPAM Government of India Ministry of Coal Shastri Bhavan. No. 2012 To 1. The total cost estimate is to be assessed based on the activities as mentioned in the paragraphs 3. NLC. The Chairman-cum-Managing Dircctor. . (ii) All coal mine owners. New Delhi. 2. for a new mine. Kolkatta The Chairman-cum-Managing Director. The Mine Closure Plan (progressive and final) shall be approved along with the approval of Mining Plan/ Feasibility Report / Project Report as applicable. The Mine Closure Plan will have two components viz. 8 27 March 2012 3.No. who have already been accorded approval of Mining Plans/Project Reports without the Mine Closure Plans as per these guidelines. A. as modified from time to time for preparation of Mine Closure Plan (MCP). Various project specific activities as per paragraphs 3. In case of projects/mines of Government Companies. Ranch The Chairman-cum-Managing Director. The Chairman. (i) All coal mine owners shall adopt a Mine Closure Plan for each of their mines comprising progressive closure plan and final closure plan duly approved by the competent authority. The Companies shall carry out all changes in the Closure Plan including the amount of money to be levied for thc proposed Escrow Account as directed by Ministry of Coal. MEJ. (iv) The competent authority for approval of the Mine Closure Plan shall be the Standing Committee constituted by the Ministry of Coal for the purpose of approval of Mining Plans. whereas the Final Mine Closure activities would start towards the end of mine life. which shall be incorporated in the Project Report / Mining Plan henceforth.

Ministry of Labour and Employment etc. which it may consider necessary for the safety and conservation of environment or in compliance with any modification/ amendment in the relevant legislation. 11.5. End: As above. if any which the lessee is bound to implement like special conditions imposed while execution of lease deed. 8. 7. After the closure of the mine. Implementation of the approved Mine Closure Plan shall be the sole responsibility of the mine owner. The Coal Controller's Organization shall release the fund from the Escrow Account based on the progress made in the closure activities for the mine. The details of the final Mine Closure Plan along with the details of the updated -cost estimates for various mine closure activities and the Escrow Account already set up shall be submitted to the Ministry of Coal for approval at least five years before the intended final closure of the mine. Vol. Copy to: (i) cryziDirector. It is estimated that major expenditure on final mine closure plan will be incurred during last five years of the project life. The Government may at any time require certain activities to be included in the mine closure plans. shall be surrendered to the State Govt. concerned following a laid clown procedure as in vogue at that point of time. and in case these funds are found to be insufficient to cover the cost of final mine closure. NIC for putting on the Website of MOC. 6. 9. Statutory obligations: The legal obligations. (ii) (ii) CA-I/CA-H Section for necessary action. of India MEJ. Ministry of Environment & Forests. These Guidelines are without any prejudice to any other relevant rules and regulations. 8 28 March 2012 . Rana) Under Secretary to the Govt. such as those issued by the State Governments.S. which is not to be utilized by the mine owner. The balance amount will remain as security. It is to be clearly understood that the funds so generated are towards the security to cover the cost of closure In case the mine owner fails to complete the relevant closure activities. the additional fund shall be recovered from the mine owner by the Government. the reclaimed leasehold area and any structure thereon. The prime responsibility of mine closure shall always lie with the mine owner. No. conditions imposed by the Ministry of Environment and Forests. approval of mining plan. State of Central Pollution Control Board or by any other organisation describing the nature of conditions and compliance position thereof should be indicated here (the copies of relevant documcnts may be attached as Annexure). Upto 20% of the deposited amount from the Escrow Account can be released every year starting from 4th year before the proposed mine closure date. 13.   Youts faithfully (V. 10.

if any. The corrective measures to be taken for prevention of pollution of air should be described. 2. This will help to recharge and stabilize the water table in the March 2012 . if any. environment. Indicate discharge details of any middlings/fines/rejects and their disposal/utilization practice followed. The proposals should be supported with relevant plans and sections depicting the method of land restoration / reclamation / rehabilitation.3 Air Quality Management: Describe the existing air quality status. This may necessitate increase of dump height to the maximum extent keeping in view the safety requirement with special emphasis on stability analysis. 1. which the mine owner is bound to eomply with such as special conditions imposed while execution of lease deed. 3. the method of mining and coalprocessing operations.4 Coal Beneficiation: Describe in brief the coal beneficiation facilities. 2. the . the present land use pattern. 13. If toxic and hazardous elements are present in the waste material. 1. 3. including its quality (for final mine closure plan only). lack of demand. The water balance chart should be given.3 Closure plan preparation: The decision on mine closure should have the approval of the Board of Directors of the mining company or of any other equivalent competent authority. 1.1 Reasons for closure: The reasons for closure of mining operations such as exhaustion of mineral. the location and the extent of lease area. Introduction The name of the mine owner. the treatment method should be given. 2. If no utilization of waste material is proposed. water treatment.4 Waste Management: Describe the type. Vol. Report of hydrological study carried out in the area may also be submitted. The quantity of waste material required to be re-handled or backfilled in the final voids should be specified.manner in which the waste material will be stabilized should be described. If there is potential of Acid Mine Drainage. including toxic elements. Closure Plan 3. should be given in the mines closure plan. should be described. if any. should be specified.1 Geology: Briefly describe the topography and general geology indicating rock types available. No. Quantity and quality of surface water bodies should also be indicated and corrective measures proposed to meet the Water quality conforming to the permissible limits should also be described. leaching in the surface and ground water etc. measures for protection of contamination of ground water from leaching etc. the lefl out void may be allowed to be filled with water. 2. sedimentation. directives issued by the Ministry of Coal. 3. reclamation and afforestation shall proceed concurrently with the mine activity.2 Statutory obligations: The legal obligations.3 Mining Method: Describe in brief the mining method followed to win the coal/lignite. indicating the process description in short. if any. After back-filling of quarry voids. non-forest etc). directives from statutory organization or court etc.GUIDELINES FOR PREPARATION OF FINAL MINING CLOSURE PLAN 1. the protective measures to be taken for prevention of their dispersal in the air. approval of mining plan. at the mine site.2 Water Quality Management: Describe in detail the existing surface and ground water bodies available in the lease hold areas and the measures to be taken for protection of the same including control of erosion. mining machinery deployed. 3. uneconomic operations. State Central Pollution Control Board or by any other organization describing the nature of conditions and compliance position thereof should be clearly indicated in the Plan (the copies of relevant documents to be attached as Annexures).1 Mined-Out Land: Describe the proposals/ measures MEJ. siltation. All efforts should be made and reflected (in the Project Report/ Mining plan) to keep land requirement bare minimum for external over burden dumping to minimise land degradation.0 Mine Description 2. As far as possible. quality and quantity of overburden. coal/lignite rejects etc. production level etc. generated and their disposal practice. diversion of water courses. erosion and dust generation from these waste materials should also be described. conditions imposed by the Ministry of Environment and Forests. Copy of such approval should be incorporated in the final mine closure plan. 8 29 to be implemented for reclamation (both physical and biological) and rehabilitation of mined-out land including the mariner in which the actual Site of the pit will be restored for post mining land use. indicated and inferred) in the leasehold area estimated in the last mining plan/ mining scheme approved along with the balance coal/ lignite reserves at the lime of proposed mine closure. natural calamity. the type of lease area (forest. The protective measures to be taken for prevention of siltation.2 Reserves: Indicate the coal/lignite reserves available category wise (proved.

3. dismantling and disposal of building structures. Abandonment Cost: 6. rails. (such as fencing carried out by barbed wires) and arrangements proposed during the mine abandonment plan and up to the site being opened for general public should be described. 13. telephone cables. periodic desilting.10 Economic Repercussions of closure of mine: Manpower retrenchment. ii. conveyer belts. power cost. miscellaneous charges etc.5 Top Soil Management: The topsoil available at the site and its utilization should be described. No. measures to prevent water pollution from slu Ty ponds. electrical equipments and infrastructures such as electric cables. sewer line. post environmental monitoring for 3 years. buildings & structures. power lines.7 Infrastructure: The existing infrastructural facilities available such as roads. plantation. rehabilitation of mining machinery. gas pipeline. 5. In case of the Mine Closure Plans which have already been approved earlier on the basis of lease hold area. transportation infrastructure such as roads. March 2012 MEJ. support facilities and other infrastructure such as electric transmission line. the project proponents are required to re-calculate the closure cost on the basis of total project area and submit a certificate stating that amount in Escrow account would be deposited as per the recalculated amount. water works. railways. socio-economic repercussions and remedial measures consequent to the closure of' mines should be described. water treatment plant.neighbourhood and the local populace will benefit from it. superWsion charges for 3 years. if any. 6. and their future utilization should be evaluated on case to case basis.6 Management of Coal Rejects from Washery: The steps to be taken for proper functioning of the slurry pond. the measures to be taken for their physical stability and maintenance should be described. arrangement for surplus water overflow etc. 6. Number of local residents employed in the mine. in the second year 100x(1+5%)A1. An amount equal to the annual cost is to be deposited each year throughout the mine life compounded Q5% annually. transformers should be described in connection with restoring land for further use. underground tanks. Compensation given or to be given to the employees concerning their sustenance and their family members.3 Annual closure cost is to be computed considering the total leasehold area at the above mentioned rates and dividing the same by the entire life of the mine in years for new projects and balance life of mine in years for operating/exisling mines. v. If decommissioning proposed. bridges. water supply sources in the area etc. in the third. culverts etc. then in the first year the amount to be deposited will be Rs 100. 3. specifically stating the following: i. excavations etc.1 Cost is to be estimated (at the time of preparation of Project Report/Mining Plan) based on the activities such as barbed wire fencing all around the working area. 3.number of persons engaged therein continuance of such business after mine closure. Continued engagement of employees in the rehabilitated status of mining lease area and any other remnant activities Envisaged expectation of the society on closure of mine. compensation to be given. 3. 6. 8 30 iv. landscaping. For example if the annual cost works out to Rs 100. water line. Time Scheduling for abandonment: The details of time schedule of all abandonment operations as proposed in paragraphs 3 above should be described. shall be given. arrangement for water re-circulation.2 It has been estimated that typically closure cost for an open cast mine will come around rupees six lakhs per hectare of the total project area and it would be rupees one lakh per hectare for underground project area at current price level (August 2009) and these rates will stand modified based on the whole sale price index as notified by Government of India from time to tonic. If retained. Vol. filling up of decoaled void. 3. Satellite occupations connected to the mining industry .9 Safety and Security: Describe the safety measures implemented to prevent access to surface openings for underground workings. iii. year 100x(1+50/0)^2 and so on. The manpower and other resources required for completion of the proposed job should be described. 3. physical/ biological reclamation. handling of coal rejects and its utilization. protective and rehabilitation measures including their maintenance and monitoring. dismantling of structures/demolition and cleaning of sites..8 Disposal of Mining Machinery: The decommissioning of mining machineries and their possible post mining utilization. aerial ropeways. should be described. biological reclamation of left out OB dump. status Of the continuation of family occupation and scope of joining the occupation back. The schedule of such operations should also be supplemented by bar charts etc. .

8 31 3. Tata / Leyland Dumpers.3 above. First and Second Class Mine Managers Qualifications – Degree or Diploma in Mining Engineering with first class/ second class Mine Manager’s certificate of competency having 10 to 15 years experience in Mechanized Mines and Quarries.7. experience and competence of the candidates.Diploma in Mining Engineering having experience in blasting operations (Or) Field candidates having 3-5 years of experience in heavy blasting in Mines and Quarries. Komatsu. indicating their contact numbers (Telephone. Garage Incharge – Qualifications . for transporting material from mine to other places. # 305-A. Blasting Foreman – Qualifications . MEJ. Road No. I/R Drill Machines. iv) An agreement. 13. Ltd.. iii) When implementation of the final mine closure scheme is undertaken by the mine owner starting five years before the scheduled closure of mining operations. 3 stage crushers. Drill Operators Qualifications – Literate having 3 to 10 years experience with heavy earth moving machinery in Mines/Quarries and construction projects. Operators (300 TPH. Provision for Mine Closure The mine owner shall be required to obtain a mine closure certificate from Coal Controller to the effect that the protective. Banjara Hills. Drivers. E-mail: astramining@hotmail.Diploma in Mechanical Engineering with 6 to 10 years experience in supervising and operating/ maintaining Heavy Earth moving equipment like L & T. 4. The agreement shall be executed before the grant of permission by the Coal Controller to open the mine.com Astra Mining Pvt. Welders. the Coal Controller may permit withdrawals (four years before final mine closure date) from the Escrow Account proportionate to the quantum of work carried out. No. 1. 12. Interested candidates including retired persons can apply with their bio-data enclosing the latest photographs. Kolkata. Vol. with the Coal Controller Organisation (on behalf of the Central Government) as exclusive beneficiary. Hydraulic Mechanics Qualifications – Literate having 3 to 10 years working experience with heavy earth moving equipment in Mines/ Construction projects. WANTED We (M/S. 7. MLA Colony. March 2012 . Astra Mining Pvt Ltd) are involved in Mining / Quarrying and Crushing of Granite into stone aggregates for supplying to major clients and for self consumption. Wheel Loaders etc. Hyderabad – 500034. outlining detailed terms and conditions of operating the Escrow Account. (Or) First class and second class Mine Manager’s certificate of competency with 20-25 years of experience in mechanized Mines and Quarries 2. Mechanics. as reimbursement. shall be executed amongst the mining company. Transport Managers / Incharges – Qualifications – Degree/Matriculate having 8 to 15 years of experience in managing (running/maintaining) atleast 20 to 30 tippers (10 Wheelers). Auto Electricians. We are looking for personnel to the following posts for deployment at our projects in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Mobile) and email id and forward the applications to The General Manager Seven Hills Enterprises. The withdrawn amount each year shall not exceed 20% of the total amount deposited in the account. 5. Responsibility of the Mine owners It is the responsibility of the Mine owners to ensure that the protective measures contained in the mine closure plan including reclamation and rehabilitation works have been carried out in accordance with the approved mine closure plan and final mine closure plan. 8. Emoluments will depend on the qualifications. The Escrow Account has to be opened as per the aforesaid guidelines of the Mine Closure Plan. The owner of the company may select the Scheduled Bank where the Escrow Account is to be opened and inform the same to Coal Controller. The mining company shall cause payments to be deposited in such Escrow Account at the rale computed as indicated at 6. reclamation and rehabilitation works in accordance with the approved mine closure plan/final mine closure plan have been carried out by the mine owner for surrendering the reclaimed land lo the State Government concerned. 6. 3 stage stone crushers)/ incharges Qualifications – Literate having 3 to 6 years experience in operating/maintaining the 300 TPH. The amount being deposited will be reviewed with such periodicity as deemed fit by the Coal Controller. Financial Assurance i) ii) All coal mine owners shall strictly adhere to the following: For financial assurance the mining company shall open an Escrow Account with any Scheduled Bank. Operators (L & T Komatsu Excavator). The owner shall submit to the Coal Controller a yearly report before 1st July of every year setting forth the extent of protective and rehabilitative works carried out as envisaged in the approved mine closure plans (Progressive and Final Closure Plans). the Coal Controller and the concerned bank in order to give effect to this. 9.

17/2/2012-MV GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF MINES OFFICE MEMORANDUM New Delhi.Most Immediate NO. To Shri Anoop Kurnar Srivastava. Specifically. 2011 on levy of excise duty on Iron ore lumps and fines produced after a result of crushing and screening. 2. Chapter note No. FIMI has pointed out that vide the Finance Act. of India Telefax: 23383946 March 2012 . Joint Secretary. North Block. the grade of ore is substantially improved through the process of beneficiation. 4 was inserted in Chapter 26 of the Central Excise Tariff Act — 1985 whereby the process of conversion of ores into concentrates has been notified to be a "process amounting to manufacture" with effect from 1 March 2011. Obtaining of Central Excise Registration for Manufacture of Iron Ore Concentrates and discharge of Central Excise liability. whereas there is no special treatment involved in crushing and screening of Run-of-Mine (ROM) to Lumps and Fines. Sub: 1. 2012. It is requested to issue suitable guidelines in the matter since levy of excise duty on lumps and fines produced by crushing and scrqhng may lead to unnecessary litigation. iron ore lumps or fines produced by crushing and screening do not classify as a "concentrate" for levy of excise duty. MEJ. 3. For this purpose excise levied on lumps and fines generated through process of crushing and screening is not valid. 4. Bhubaneswar Commissionerate. 25th January. 8 32 (Anil Subramaniam) Under Secretary to Govt. Customs & Tax has sent notices to various mine owners for registration under Central Excise Law for the purpose of levy of excise duty on lumps and fines produced by crushing and screening. Central Excise. 13.110 001. New Delhi. In this regard it is informed that the term "Concentrate" applies to ores which have had part or all of the foreign matter removed by special treatments including gravitational. The end products can be termed as concentrate while lumps and fines are naturally occurring forms of ore. Till beneficiation of grade is there. Vol. 2011. The undersigned is directed to refer to representation received from FIMI dated 26th December. The process of crushing and screening of ore to give different sized lumps and fines without any beneficiation in the grade of ore does not amount to producing concentrate. magnetic and other special techniques. Ministry of Finance. Department of Revenue. No.

DIGET-Politechnico di Torino.coml MEJ. No. Prof. Korchak. Prof. University of British Columbia: Middle East Technical University Mining Engineering Department. 2012 July 16.Honorary Chair CMD. Celal Karpuz. Lindolfo Soares.Atac Bascetin. International Mininig (UK). Istanbul University. Singhal. Department of Mining.S. Italy: Western Australian School of Mines.com Please submit abstracts online at Official Website: http://www. Canada. Faculty of Mining and Geology. Ms. Japan.Nanda CO-CHAIRS Mr. Mineral Resources Engineering Department. V. The Pennsylvania State University. Prof. Environmental and Mining Engineering University of Nottingham. Shigeru Sarata. Dr. Prof.Manca. University of Alberta. Raj Singhal (singhal@shaw. 8 33 March 2012 . Dipartimento di Geoingegneria e Tecnologie Ambientali. Marilena Cardu. Mr.P.Rivaldo Pasterns. Engineering Faculty-Mining Engineering Department.Technical University. Metals and Materials. UK.ca) Or Conference Organizers The Reading Matrix Inc.K. Finland: Department of Mining and Nuclear Engineering. Derek Apel. Marie Vrbova Prof. INTERNATIONAL CHAIR Dr. McGill University. Curtin University of Technology. N. Vera Muzgina. Beijing. Email: editors@readingmatrix. Cuthbert Musingwini. Prof. Dr. Raj K. School of Mining and Petroleum Engineering. 2012 Receipt of abstracts (1 page limit) Notification of paper acceptance Deadline for camera-ready manuscripts CALL FOR PAPERS For further information. P. Prof. Vol.Meimei Zhang. Nick Vayenas. Singhal (singhal@shaw. Planning and Optimization of Surface and Underground Mines inc. Mr.Rao Mr. Australia. Reserve Estimation. Vladimir Kebo. Dwayne D. Dr. Prof. safety & productivity in Mines Important Dates June 30. Prof. Dr. Kikuo Matsui. Prof. Tennant. Blasting. Prof. Panagiotou. Universite Laval: China University of Mining and Technology. The National Technical University of Athens. Dr. B. Dr. Italy. Prof. 13. Universita degli Studi di Cagliari. Gento Mogi. National Mining University of Ukraine. Prof. Dr. Prof.mpes-cami-swemp. Dr. Uday Kumar.ca) CHAIRMEN Mr. Safety and Environment * Case studies from Coal and Metal Mines * Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Applications * Research & Development to improve health. Dhar Professor Monika Hardygora Dr. Rathore. Dr. Prof. Morteza Osanloo. Tunneling and Excavation Engineering * New and innovative Materials handling Equipment * Mining Equipment Selection. Ge Hao. Hani Mitri Prof. VSB . SASE. please contact: Dr. Poland. Reclamation and Environment. Prof. Ernest Baafi. Malcolm Scoble.Zou Jian Professor.Nuray Demirel. James Lipkewich. Mr. Prof. Mr.S. Transition from surface to underground mining * Drilling. Widzyk-Capehart. Prof. National Mineral Development Corp. Rock Engineering. P. Carsten Drebenstedt. Michael A. Dr. Faculty Geoengineering. Richard Poulin INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZING COMMITTEE Prof. Prof. Dnipropetrovsk. Mining Engineering Department. Wroclaw University of Technology. Greece (NTUA). American Society for Mining and Reclamation. Laeeque Daneshmend.B. Ostrava. Samuel Frimpong. Monash University Australia MAJOR THEMES TO BE COVERED * Economic and Technical Feasibility Studies. Zhuravkov ORGANIZED BY Department of Mining. Singh. Professor Newton Amegbey. Lulea University. Czech Republic. Prof. S. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering. John Hadjigeorgiou. Sweden. Prof. Department of Energy and Geo-Environmental Engineering. Gennadiy Pivnyak. Helsinki University of Technology. Eleonora. Prof. Doug Stead. Automation and Information Technology * Maintenance and Production Management for Mines and Mining Systems * Mining: Health.C Panigrahi. Hakan Schunnesson. Juri. Dr. Andrey V. Dr. Raimondo Ciccu Prof. International Journal of Mining. George N. Turkey. Per Nicolai Martens. Mahinda Kuruppu. M. 2012 September 15. Nuh Bilgin. B. Prof. D. Ivan Montenegro de Menezes. Achmad Ardianto. Prof. University of Missouri-Rolla: School of Chemical. Prof. Mining and Geology. Mohan Yellishetty. Hokkaido University. Mine Development Case Studies * Design. Prof. Dr.

England. China. Refrigeration and Worker Health Protection D Sustainable Development for Mineral and Energy Industries-national perspectives D Life Cycle Assessment (LCA): Energy and Mineral Production Operations D Rem ediation of Contaminated Mine Area :Soil and Groundwater D Health Hazard and Safety Issues in Small-Scale Mining D Environmental Issues in Surface and Underground Mining of metalliferous. Bzowski. Bernadette O'Regan. Anil K. D Occupational Health. Martin J. Spain. M. Institute of Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration. Ms.Canada. Chris Reardon. Prof. Bibhu Mohanty. Italy. 2012 Receipt of abstracts July 16. Per Nicolai Martens. Ms.U.K. Prof. Dr. Mehrotra. industrial minerals. Hokkaido University. Beijing. Chunxia Wang. Dr. England.K. Prof. Australia. Czech Republic. Raj Singhal or Conference Organizers The Reading Matrix Inc Email: editors@readingmatrix. U. Turkey.S. Finland. Brazil. Mineral Resources Engineering Department. Emilie Pecharova. 2012 Deadline for camera-ready manuscripts Please register and submit abstracts online at: http://www. Japan. Italy. Italy. Martin Kabma. Prof. Sweden. Greece.. Turkey. Prof. Czech Republic. Lulea University of Technology Sweden. Dr. Ghose. The International Journal of Mining. Australia. Ian S Lowndes. Poland. Prof. C. U. Germany.. Antonio Nieto. Dr. Young Wook Cheong. Kazakhstan. Rehabilitation of Mineworkers. Prof. Korea. Finland. Ferri Hassani. Prof.ca Co-Chairs Prof. Prof. Canada. Dr. Tailings Treatment. China. Tuncel M. Istanbul University. A.com June 30. Canada. Prof. Prof. Ana de Guzman Baez. Raj Singhal. Mikael Hilden. A. uranium. Noune. Yefremova. Marie Vrbova. Prof. Rehabilitation and Pollution Control D Water Management in Post-Mining Sites D Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology D Environmental Issues in Deep Mining. Prof. Prof. Poland. Curtin University of Technology. Yanhua (Helen) Fu. Mining Engineering Department. Canada. Maria Menegaki. Centre for Environmental Engineering Research and Education (CEERE). Canada. University of Calgary. India. Mauricio L Torem. Dr. U. No. England. Department of Mining.S. USA. Dr. China University of Mining and Technology. Prof. Prof. Richa Shukla. South Korea. Sukumar Bandopadhyay. Dr. Nanda. Canada Email: singhal@shaw. China Important Dates Call for papers ORGANIZED BY Department of Landscape Ecology. Ireland. Prof. Dr. Prof. Recycle. England. Michael Hitch. . Department of Mining University of British Columbia. Estonia. Prof. Australia. Columbia University. Faculty of Agriculture University of South Bohemia. Argentina. Metallurgical and Chemical Plants D Emerging Technologies for Environmental Protection D Mine Site Closure and Rehabilitation D Computer Modeling. Daniele Peila. Czech Republic. Svetlana V. Raimondo Ciccu. B. USA.com MEJ. U. Safety. Italy. Semyon Shkundin. Germany.Mine Ventilation. Anna Korre. Poland. Tallinn University of Technology. Czech Republic. Department of Earth Science and Engineering. Dr. Lizhong Zhu. Dr. National Technical University of Athens.A.. Dr. Szwilski. Prof. Vol.A.International Chair Dr. Anders Lagerkvist. Duchesne. Mr. Canada Corninittee Members Prof. 13. Gurdeep Singh. Czech University of Life Sciences.S. Faculty of Environmental Sciences. Universite Canada. Dr. Singhal. Kostas Fytas. Sevket Durucan. Zagury. Dr. Canada. Prof. Finnish Environment Institute (SYE).A. Josee. Haigh. Zhenqi Hu. Dr. Brazil. China. India. Dr.. Prof. Czech Republic Prof. Imperial College London. and Decommissioning. Mining and Geology. The Department of Mining. Dr. Melkoumian. Petr Sklenicka. Z. Lidia Gawlik. AY. Ms. Iranildes Daniel dos Santos. Atilim University. SYMPOSIUM THEMES D Environmental Impacts of Coal-Fired Power Projects D Environmental Impact Assessment and related national international case histories D Mining and Reclamation/Rehabilitation in Context of Landscape Ecology D Ecological Impact Assessment. Avila. Toyoharu Nawa. Ms. Canada Dr. Yegulalp. Faculty of Geoengineering. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Dr. coal. Gerald J. Japan. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering. Carsten Drebenstedt. 2012 Notification of Paper acceptance September 15. Wroclaw University of Technology.A. Canada. Giorgio Massacci. Carmen Mihaela Neculita. and Re-use of Depleted Mine Sites D Control of Effluents from Mineral Processing. Optimization and Applications D Geographical Information Systems(GIS) and Remote Sensing D Reliability of Waste Containment Structures. China.S. University of Cagliari. Ge Hao. D Tailings Recycling for New Construction Materials( Controlled Low strength MaterialsCLSM etc) For further information please contact: Dr. Reclamation and Environment. Prof. Russia.mpes-cami-swemp. 8 34 March 2012 . Canada. David Boadi. Disposal. India Prof. Czech Republic. China Prof.

8 35 Dr. Shri P C Bakliwal. A K Ghosh of NABET. The event was co-ordinated by Geological Society of India. CONFERENCE The International Kimberlite Conference was organized in Hotel Sherton. Jt. Pradhan on his achievement . ACHIEVEMENT BY MEAI MEMBER Dr. one of the senior most mining engineers congratulated the new executive body and spoke on important issues concerning the mining industry which were deliberated by the members present. Secretary and Treasurer was also approved unanimously.M. The proposal to split the post of Jt. Benguluru.K.02. Shri O P Gupta – Chairman Shri Anil Mathur Shri P C Bakliwal Shri Narendra Garg Shri Anand Sharma Members: Shri R K Joshi Shri Pradeep Agarwal Shri J P Jhakar Shri S. Pradhan (3rd from the left receiving the award from Er. Controller of Mines. No. The deligates visited the Kimberlite fields of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Kolkata was awarded the “Mining Engineering Design Award” by the Institution of Engineers (India) on 16th December 2011 during the 26th Indian Engineering Congress organized in the Palace Ground. Bengaluru . The MEJ and MEAI congratulate Dr. Chairman welcomed the members and guests. Vol. 13. Secretary-cum-Treasurer into two posts i. Jt. MEAI. Karnataka during the period 6th February to 11th February 2012. N K Khandelwal. (LM NO: 600). It was approved that the chapter would put in efforts to acquire its own accommodation for office purpose and invited S/Shri R K Bakaliwal and V C S Shreemal as the patrons of the chapters. the Returning Officer. M/S Rio Tinto./ PCRA-ER. Secretary presented the annual report for the year 2010-11 while Shri Narendra Garg. Vice President III. (The photographs of the new Executive Committee (201214) are available under the brief history of Rajasthan chapterJaipur published in previous pages of this issue). COM IBM. The outgoing members of the previous executive body were felicitated with mementos presented by Shri S P Goyal. Murugesh Nirani. Benguluru. Secretary declared results of the election to the new Executive body for the term 2012-14 as recommended by Prof.MEAI NEWS The Annual General Meeting of Rajasthan Chapter – Jaipur was held on 11.Meena Shri D. Rajasthan chapter-Udaipur & Rajasthan chapter-Jodhpur followed by address by Shri A K Kothari.e.Dr. G K Pradhan. Shri V C S Shreemal. The following new executive body was elected. Shri Anil Mathur. Secretary-cumTreasurer presented the audited accounts for the financial year 2010-11 which were approved by the members unanimously. DeBeers and BHP Billiton were among the important Multi National Companies who sponsored the event. IBM Ajmer. Secretary Treasurer with the vote of thanks by the newly elected Secretary.Rai The new chairman addressed the gathering highlighting the priorities of the chapter. Jaipur. The meeting concluded MEJ. Several Geologists from various countries participated in the event and interacted on the occurrences and exploration of Kimberlites. Shri Anil Mathur. Ajmer and other members from New Delhi. Additional Director and Chief Regional Co-ordinator. March 2012 – – – – Vice Chairman Secretary Jt. Shri S P Goyal. Hon’ble Minister for Large and Medium Enterprises Government of Karnataka. Shri M L Gupta.2012 at Hotel Las Vegas.

10 August 2012 : 34th International Geological Congress : Brisbane. New Technology management and Safety in Mines” at Bhubaneshwar by Geomin Tech.K. contact : Shri J.com/pimc12/index. Check the event website for latest details. Contact: Prof.prasad@cii. Chirag Ali Lane.scientists. 2 . Jayanthu. Cell: 093373 00818 / 099374 97760. Raghav Ratna Towers (Ground Floor). Mining Engineers’ Association of India. Ministry of Earth Sciences Government of India and Federation of Indian Mineral Industries. Box 812 SE-971 25.fragblast10. Raj Singhal. R N Sahu. Contact: Prof.min-eng. Not available. Contact person: Lotti Jarlebro.Metallurgical Research Institute AB. Organized by University Grants Commission. 2491858 (M): 09425378171.19 September 2012 : Seminar on "Water in Mining 2012" Brisbane. Organised by MEFOS .O.scanmet. Barry Wills. for datails visit1: www. Website : http://www.S. Email: editors@readingmatrix.500 001.6 June 2012 : 3rd International Conference on "Processing of Industrial Minerals & Coal ‘12" (PIMC ‘12).bhagavatula@cii. Visit : www. Contact: Vinod Saraswat. India. Eploitation. NIT.500 001.14 April 2012 : National on "Environmental and CSR Challenges" at Somnath. Sweden. Organised by : Veraval-Porbandar Chapter of MEAI. Email: sjayanthu@rediffmail. 18th and 19th March 2012: 1. on behalf of Mining Engineers’ Association of India and printed at Deepu Printers at 5-8-352. Email: hotaeditor@sify. Contact: Sridher/Syam. Hota.com. 8 36 March 2012 .com & laju@orbit_star. Telephone: 0755-2491812.org 2nd March 201: Conference on "Development vs Environment – Focus on Sustainable Development" at Hotel Taj Deccan. Telephone: 040. Hyderabad . Tel.visittradefairs. Organised by : MEI in consultation with Prof.com 28 .30 November 2012 : “13th International Symposium on Environment Issues and Waste Management in Printed by A. Datta Mainkar/Dr. Singh.5 May 2012 : "MineTech' 11 workshop" (Exploration. Organised by the Indian Mining and Engineering JournalDept.//www. Website: www. Hyderabad organized by CII. Secretary General. Check the event website for latest details. Vol. Published by A. Equipment. Rao. of Mining Engineering. Abids. Information coordinator. Fax: +91-326-296211. Guven Onal. Contact : Dr.com/i. Contact person Dr. Chaina.com. Raghav Ratna Towers (Ground Floor). Veraval.journal@ hotmail.in/syam. S. email: sridher. Organised by : Australian Geoscience Council.19 April. Lulea. 18 . Editor : V. D C Gupta/Dr.27 April & 1 May 2012 : "Canton Fair 2012" at Zuagzhon. seminars. Email:sdimr2012@gmail. Contact : Dr. Gujarat. Website.com 13 . Turkey.34igc.info>. Deadline for abstracts/proposals.27765964/66/67.com 11 . Rao. Pradeep K. web: <www. Sweden. Box 812 SE-971 25.org.se> or Karein Edfast.jarlebro@mefos. Rourkela. INDIA 2011 Energy and Mineral Production” at New Delhi. email: <lotti.S.29 November 2012 : "10th International Symposium on Rock Fragmentati on by Blasting" at New Delhi. com. Round Table Conference of Geo .ausimm. Abroad 2011 15 . 23 .conferences.se>. Email : <Karin.in 4 . Chirag Ali Lane. Deadline for abstracts/proposals: Not available. First Quadrennial Congress of Economic Geologists and Mineral Prospectors 2. No. Australia. P.edfast@mefos.gtnk. Theme : Unearthing our Past and Future.12 May 2012 : “12th Annual Symposium on New Equipment.co.com 5 .: +91-326-2296028. Secretary General. http.K. Istanbul. P. Abids. 13.me. Verma MEJ. Lulea. National Symposium on “Sustainable development of India’s Mineral Resources – Problems and Prospects” 3. Safety and Environment). and published at 5-8-352.. 10 -13 June 2012 : 4th International Conference on Process Development in Iron and Steelmaking. Contact person : Liz Cuffe. Email: pradeep.cimfr@yahoo.au 20 . Email: khambhalia@oal. Queensland.O. workshops etc. Professionals and Entrepreneurs of Mineral Sector. Queensland. Hyderabad .in 17th.

MEJ. Vol. No. 13. 8 37 March 2012 .

MEJ. Vol. 13. 8 38 March 2012 . No.

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71519/99 Postal Regd.Regd. with RNI R. No. H/HD-GPO/024/012-014 .No.

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