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General Chemistry II Exam 1 Practice Problems

Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. How much heat is released when 75 g of octane is burned completely if the enthalpy of combustion is -5,500 kJ/mol C8H18? C8H18 + 25/2 O2 → 8CO2 + 9H2O a. b. c. d. e. ____ 7200 kJ 8360 kJ 4.1 × 105 kJ 3600 kJ 5500 kJ

2. Calculate the amount of heat released in the complete combustion of 8.17 grams of Al to form Al2O3(s) at 25°C and 1 atm. ∆H for Al2O3(s) = 1676 kJ/mol 4Al(s) + 3O2(g) → 2Al2O3(s) a. b. c. d. e. 254 kJ 203 kJ 127 kJ 237 kJ 101 kJ

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3. Given the following at 25°C and 1.00 atm: 1/2N2(g) + O2(g) → NO2(g) N2(g) + 2O2(g) → N2O4(g) Calculate the ∆H0 for the reaction below at 25°C. 2NO2(g) → N2O4(g) a. b. c. d. e. +11.0 kJ +44.3 kJ +55.3 kJ -22.1 kJ -55.3 kJ ∆H0 33.2 kJ 11.1 kJ

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4. Calculate ∆H0 for the following reaction at 25.0°C. Fe3O4(s) -1118 + CO(g) -110.5 → 3FeO(s) -272 + CO2(g) -393.5

∆H (kJ/mol) a. b. c. d. e. -263 kJ 54 kJ 19 kJ -50 kJ 109 kJ

e.91 J/mol•K. b.9 kJ 22. The specific heat of water is 4.6 -285. g of water which increased in temperature from 23.2 ____ 5. How much heat is released when 6. c. S0 for SiH4 = 204.0 J/K -880. for O2(g) = 205.184 J/g•°C.900-g sample of toluene.38 grams of Ag(s) reacts by the equation shown below at standard state conditions? 4Ag(s) + 2H2S(g) + O2(g) → 2Ag2S(s) + 2H2O(l) Substance Ag(s) H2S(g) O2(g) Ag2S(s) H2O(l) a.4520 kJ/mol b. ∆HBr-Br = 193 kJ/mol. J/°C. was completely burned in a bomb calorimeter containing 4560. d. 2NH4 NO3(s) → 2N2(g) + 4H2O(g) + O2(g) . ____ 8. SiH4(g) + 2O2(g) → SiO2(s) + 2H2O(l) a. ∆HH-Br = 366 kJ/mol a.1 kJ/mol d. e. for H2O(l) = 69. b. 2SO2(g) + O2(g) → 2SO3(g) d. Calculate ∆S0 for the reaction below at 25°C. -38. N2(g) + 3H2(g) → 2NH3(g) e.6 0 -32. 2HBr(g) → H2(g) + Br2(g) ∆HH-H = 436 kJ/mol. BF3(g) + NH3(g) → F3BNH3(s) c. c. . What is ∆E for the reaction in kJ/mol C7H8? The heat capacity of the calorimeter was 780.718°C.84 J/mol•K.0 J/mol•K.1 kJ 90.5 kJ 0 -20.8 J/K 595. e. c. +3500 kJ/mol c.3 J/K ____ ____ 9. a. -103 kJ -143 kJ +103 kJ +142 kJ 259 kJ ____ 7.5 J/K . -353. d.0 J/K -677.8 6. Which one of the following reactions has a positive entropy change? a. A 0. for SiO2(s) = 41.5 J/mol•K.80 kJ 69.8 kJ 40. d. b. H2O(g) → H2O(l) b. -3900 kJ/mol 8. Evaluate ∆H0 for the following reaction from the given bond energies. C7H8.800°C to 25.432. -2220 kJ/mol e.

NH3(g) + HCl(g) → NH4Cl(s) + 176 kJ c.3 ____ 10.0 J/K d.1 kJ/mol -36.3 J/K b. ∆E = 0 for the process d.1 J/K 15.81 -50.27 + 2H2(g) 0 0 ____ ____ ∆H (kJ/mol) ∆G (kJ/mol) . +2.4 kJ at 298 K. Solid Liquid At one atmosphere pressure and at the melting point of the substance. ____ -16. -2. For the reaction given below. a. ∆S = 0 for the process c. both ∆H = 0 and ∆E = 0 for the process 11. ∆G0 for the reaction below is -58. CH4(g) -74. d. e.0 J/K e.4 -65. ∆S = __________ J/K. This reaction is spontaneous __________. -8. For a certain process at 127°C. a. Consider the conversion of a substance from solid to liquid. ∆G = -16.2 kJ/mol -52. both (a) and (c) 14. b.3 J/K c.7 + 2HCl(g) -95. __________.30 → PbCl2(s) ? + H2S(g) -33. ∆H = 0 for the process b. Evaluate ∆S0 for the reaction below at 25°C. PbS(s) -98.20 kJ and ∆H = -17.432. c.6 kJ/mol -314.47.3 kJ/mol 12. e. Calculate the ∆G at 298 K for PbCl2(s) from the following information. What is the entropy change for this process at this temperature? Express your answer in the form. ∆G = 0 for the process e. c.0 kJ. SiH4(g) + 2O2(g) → SiO2(s) + 2H2O(l) a.6 ____ ∆G (kJ/mol) a. NH4Br(s) + 188 kJ → NH3(g) + Br2(l) b. both (a) and (b) e.75 + 2Cl2(g) 0 0 → CCl4(l) -135. -6.8 J/K at 25°C. +6. only below a certain temperature only above a certain temperature at all temperatures at no temperatures cannot tell from the information available ____ 13. b. Which of the following reactions is spontaneous at relatively low temperatures? a. ∆H0 = -1516 kJ at 25°C and ∆S0 = . d. 2H2O2(l) → 2H2O(l) + O2(g) + 196 kJ d.0 kJ/mol .

4. energy can be written as a product in the equation for the reaction. C(diamond) ____ 18.9 J/K -155 J/K . Using melting points of reactants and products c. For work done by the system. e. b. b. a. b. ∆S0 = 16. c. The heat capacity of the calorimeter is 4. Hess's Law d. What is the amount of work done? a. w is negative.30°C. What is ∆E for the reaction in kJ/mol of C6H14. Which statement concerning sign conventions for ∆E = q + w is false? a. -9. 20.00-g sample of hexane. -1. When energy is released by the reacting system. Calorimetry b.0 L to 5. undergoes complete combustion with excess O2 in a bomb calorimeter.7 K 10. ∆E is negative. -450 J e. For heat absorbed by the system. H2O(g) c.96 × 103 kJ/mol b. 9. If ∆E is positive.0 L at a constant pressure of 10.90 × 103°C 10. CH4(g) + N2(g) + 163. . 450 J c. e.91°C 1045 K 9.487 J/K -387 J/K 16. Using bond energies of reactants and products 19.0 atm.15 × 104 kJ/mol d.6 × 104 J d.40 × 104 kJ/mol e.184 J/g•°C. 4. A system is compressed from 50. A 1. CO2(g) b.6 × 104 J ____ ____ ____ 21. d. For which of the following substances does a. Which of the following techniques cannot be used to calculate ∆Hrxn? a. For an expansion.64°C to 29.52 × 103 kJ/mol c. d. d.04 kJ/°C.1 J/K. c. Using of Heats of Formation of reactants and products e. 2. c.4 a. The specific heat of water is 4.1°C = 0? ____ 17. -4. -7. g of water surrounding the bomb rises from 22. Estimate the temperature above which this reaction is spontaneous. e. w is negative. The temperature of the 1500. ____ -360 J/K -66.5 × 105 J b. Br2(g) e.91 × 103 kJ/mol .8 kJ → HCN(g) + NH3(g) a. -5. Na(s) d. q is positive. C6H14.

314 J/mol•K. 1.5 ____ 22. b. e. for the conversion of 1. c.494 J .80 × 103 J -8.00 mole of Ni to Ni(CO)4 at 75°C in the reaction below. calculate the amount of work done. The value of R is 8.80 × 103 J 8. Assuming the gases are ideal.68 × 103 J -1.68 × 103 J . in joules. d. Ni(s) + 4CO(g) → Ni(CO)4(g) a.

Delta G. Delta E TOP: Entropy TOP: Entropy TOP: Free Energy Change. ANS: B 19. ANS: C 17. ANS: B TOP: Changes in Internal Energy. ANS: B 14.. Delta E TOP: Relationship Between Delta H and Delta E Exam 1 Practice Problems 21. TOP: Hess's Law TOP: Hess's Law TOP: Hess's Law TOP: Bond Energies TOP: Changes in Internal Energy. ANS: D 11. and Spontaneity TOP: Free Energy Change.. ANS: C 18. ANS: A 6. and Spontaneity TOP: The Temperature Dependence of Spontaneity TOP: The Temperature Dependence of Spontaneity TOP: The Temperature Dependence of Spontaneity TOP: The Temperature Dependence of Spontaneity TOP: The Temperature Dependence of Spontaneity TOP: Standard Molar Enthalpies of Formation. Delta G. ANS: B 9. ANS: D 2. ANS: E 8. ANS: A 13. ANS: E 10..6 General Chemistry II Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: D 20. ANS: C 5. Delta E TOP: Relationship Between Delta H and Delta E . ANS: C 7. ANS: A 3. TOP: Bond Energies TOP: Changes in Internal Energy. ANS: E 22.. ANS: C TOP: Thermochemical Equations TOP: Standard Molar Enthalpies of Formation. ANS: C 16.. ANS: C 15. ANS: C 12. ANS: E 4.