A block of mass m = 2.00 kg rests on the left edge of a block of larger mass M = 8.00 kg.

The coefficient of kinetic friction between the two blocks is 0.300, and the surface on which the 8.00-kg block rests is frictionless. A constant horizontal force of magnitude F = 10.0 N is applied to the 2.00-kg block, setting it in motion as shown in Figure P5.65a. If the length L that the leading edge of the smaller block travels on the larger block is 3.00 m, (a) how long will it take before this block makes it to the right side of the 8.00-kg block, as shown in Figure P5.65b? (Note:Both blocks are set in motion when F is applied.) (b) How far does the 8.00-kg block move in the process?

In[2589]:=

sumForcesX forces_ : Apply Plus, Map Function elt, elt sumForcesY forces_ : Apply Plus, Map Function elt, elt forces1 forces2

1 1

Cos elt Sin elt

2 2

, forces , forces

In[2593]:=

F, 0 ° , Fn1, 90 ° , Ff, 180 ° , Fg1, 270 ° ; Ff, 0 ° , Fn2, 90 ° , Fg1, 270 ° , Fg2, 270 ° ;

2

PSE 5E PROBLEM 5.65.nb

How long will it take before this block makes it to the right side of the 8.00-kg block
In[2647]:=

sumForcesX forces1 m a1, sumForcesY forces1 m 0, Ff Fn1 Μk, Fg1 m g, sumForcesX forces2 M a2, sumForcesY forces2 M a2, Fg2 M g, M 0, xf1 xi1 vxi1 t 1 2 a1 t ^ 2, xf2 xi2 vxi2 t 1 2 a2 t ^ 2, xf1 xf2 L, xi1 0, vxi1 0, xi2 0, vxi2 0, F 0, L 0, g 0, Μk 0 ; Reduce , t, xf1, xf2, a1, a2 . L 3, m 2, M 8, F 10, g 9.8, Μk
Out[2648]=

0.3 M m Μk && g m2 Μk g m M Μk M && g m M Μk 0 &&

xi2 0 && xi1 0 && vxi2 0 && vxi1 0 && Fn2 g m Fn1 g m && Fg2 g M && Fg1 g m && Ff g m Μk && F M 2 t FM M t 0 && xf1 2M 2 xf1 0 && a1 t2 && a2 t2 2 L xf1 && F g Μk 0 g m2 Μk 2LM g m M Μk g m t2 Μk && xf2 L xf1 && L m M t FM g m2 Μk 2 L m

Out[2649]=

xi2 0 && xi1 0 && vxi2 0 && vxi1 0 && Fn2 103.88 && Fn1 19.6 && Fg2 78.4 && Fg1 19.6 && Ff 5.88 && t 2.12798 t 2.12798 && 1 2 xf1 2 3 xf1 xf1 48 5.88 t2 && xf2 3 xf1 && t 0 && a1 && a2 16 t2 t2

PSE 5E PROBLEM 5.65.nb

3

How far does the 8.00-kg block move in the process?
In[2662]:=

sumForcesX forces1 m a1, sumForcesY forces1 m 0, Ff Fn1 Μk, Fg1 m g, sumForcesX forces2 M a2, sumForcesY forces2 M a2, Fg2 M g, M 0, xf1 xi1 vxi1 t 1 2 a1 t ^ 2, xf2 xi2 vxi2 t 1 2 a2 t ^ 2, xf1 xf2 L, xi1 0, vxi1 0, xi2 0, vxi2 0, F 0, L 0, g 0, Μk 0 ; Reduce , xf2, xf1, a2, a1, t . L 3, m 2, M 8, F 10, g 9.8, Μk
Out[2663]=

0.3 g m M m Μk && Fn1 L && xf1 2 t a2 a2 g m M m Μk && Fn1 0 && g m Μk && xf2 M L a1 19.6 && Fg2 0.735 && 2 t a1 a1 3 78.4 && xf2 && F 0 0 && g m && L && L 0 g m && 0 && M 0 &&

xi2 Fg2 a2

0 && xi1

0 && vxi2

0 && vxi1

0 && Fn2

g M && Fg1 g m Μk && a1 M

g m && Ff 0 && a2

g m Μk && F 0 && t

g m Μk && xf2 2 L

xi2 Fg2 xf2

0 && xi1

0 && vxi2 g m && Ff m2 Μk

0 && vxi1

0 && Fn2

g M && Fg1 gL FM a2 L

g m Μk && F M && xf1 L 2

g m2 Μk xf2 && M L a1 xf2

g m M Μk 0 && a2 2 t

g m2 Μk xf2

g m M Μk 0 && t

a1 xf2
Out[2664]=

&& a1

xi2 0 && xi1 0 && vxi2 0 && vxi1 0 && Fn2 103.88 && Fn1 Fg1 19.6 && Ff 5.88 && xf2 1.66415 && xf1 3 xf2 && a2 a2 3 xf2 0 && a1 xf2 xf2 && a1 0 && t 2 3 xf2

xf2