The AIRPLANE DESIGN CALCULATOR (c) was created by Lee Van Tassle.

It is available for distribution and use for free, as long as the complete package remains together. Thank you and enjoy. I would first like to recognize the following sources where all this information was gathered from: Chuck Cunningham, CUNNINGHAM ON R/C, RCM Kenneth Smith, DESIGN & BUILD your own R/C AIRCRAFT, Robson House Hobby Supplies Howard Chevalier, MODEL AIRPLANE DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE FOR THE MODELER, Challenge Engineering, Inc Andy Lennon, BASICS OF R/C MODEL AIRCRAFT DESIGN, Model Airplane News Roy Day, GET THE CG RIGHT, Model Airplane News George from the PALOS R/C Flying Club for the updated CG formulas. http://www.palosrc.com/instructors/cg.htm In an effort to provide as much information in one easy to access place I've built this calculator to perform numerous designs on the same file. My goal was to provide one stop shopping for your basic aircraft designs without having to research several books to find all the information you might need. There are a lot of aspect I didn’t cover here, such as airfoils, lift/drag coefficients, etc. If you need more detailed info then you'll need to perform your own research to answer your specific questions. This calculator should get you started well on your way though. Since I have no idea how to make this appear full screen on everyones computer, you will need to adjust your view size to fit your needs. I designed this on a 17" monitor at 800x600 resolution. Okay, enough of the small talk…on with the show!!! To use the calculator, simply fill in the colored blocks (the others are locked) and the rest is done for you. You will notice the left side of the spreadsheet is your 'TARGET' values. Most of the TARGETs are set and you can not change them. Where a range is given, I've left you the ability to input the range of your choice to adjust your target values. All the YELLOW blocks are for 'Your Design' inputs. All calculations are based off a monoplane design first. Please fill in the monoplane sheet, then switch over to the biplane, canard, or float sheets to refine your design. Of course you can go directly to the design page you want, but your target values will not be set for your design. Use the "FIND CG" tab to get accurate CG locations (except for Canards). I've checked and rechecked my calculations and everything seems to work alright. You may notice if you put in the same values as your target shows some of the readings will be different. This is due to the rounding of numbers done to keep the sheet as uncluttered as possible. Small difference shouldn't significantly affect your planes performance. One of my pet peeves is measurements given in degrees vs. an inch (sorry, I'm not Mr. Metrics) measurement. Below are so formulas to convert degrees to inches, SAE into Metric, etc. Enjoy and I hope this serves you well in your own design projects.

Aug 98 Lee B.4.0175 x degrees x given length = X 10 X 20" Multiply pounds by 16 to get ounces Multiply feet by 12 to get inches Multiply inches by 2. Use TLAR throughout your process.FORMULAS: TLAR.You're not flying in it so be brave!!! To convert degrees into an inch measurement: 0. Something odd doesn't mean bad. remember.54 to get centimeters Multiply meters by 39. Experiment. Van Tassle lee.4516 to get square centimeters Multiply by zero to get my remaining number of living brain cells Airplane Design Calculator © V1.35 to get grams Multiply grams by 0. just different.37 to get inches Multiply ounces by 28. if it 'looks about right' it'll probably be fine.com .03527 to get ounces Multiply square inches by 6. When your designing process.van@mailexcite.That Looks About Right.

You will then need to run a line perpendicular to the wing's root line that intersects the MACs CG location.00 5.htm CG= % of MAC for balance point (Norm 25-30%) Constant Chord Wing: Root Chord (R) Tip Chord (T) Wing Half Span Desired CG % of MAC MAC MAC distance from root Balance Point @ Root Chord 12 12 35 28% 12. You will need to input the measurements and viola. You will then need to input the desired CG percentage.com/instructors/cg. Clear as mud.15 17.36 R CG MAC Tapered Wing: Root Chord (R) Tip Chord (T) Sweep Distance (S) Wing Half Span Desired CG % of MAC Sweep Distance @ MAC MAC MAC distance from root Balance Point @ Root Chord T 21 10 2 40.5 33% 0.21 R R CG MAC R T Constant Chord Bipe: Root Chord (R) Tip Chord (T) Wing Half Span Desired CG % of MAC MAC MAC distance from root Balance Point @ Frwd Root Chord 20 20 30 25% 20.00 CG R MAC . Take a look at the diagrams.palosrc. http://www.00 17.Find Wing CG Location The CG of a wing can be figured both graphically and via the below calculations. right??? Draw it out graphically just to make sure. The resulting measurement is aft of the leading edge at the MAC. I'd like to thank George from the PALOS R/C Flying Club for the updated formulas. I hope it makes sense.00 15.88 16.85 6. the MAC and CG location will appear…MAGIC!!! To find your CG you must determine the MAC (Mean Air Chord) or average chord of your wing.50 3.

875 Desired CG % of MAC 33% Sweep Distance @ MAC 0.31 R R CG MAC T T R Tapered Swept Wing: Root Chord (R) 20.10 NOTE: (For Forward Swept Wing Distance "S" needs to be input as a negative (-) number I.Bent Wing Bipe: Root Chord (R) Tip Chord (T) Sweep Distance (S) Wing Half Span Desired CG % of MAC Sweep Distance @ MAC MAC MAC distance from root Balance Point @ Root Chord T 20 15 4 32 25% 1. if negative the CG point is forward of the root LE) T R CG T MAC R . -5.62 15. the CG is aft of the root LE.81 MAC distance from root 17.e.875 Sweep Distance (S) 2 Wing Half Span 39. If the 'Balance Point @ Root Chord' is positive.24 6.88 MAC 15.90 17.5 Tip Chord (T) 9.61 Balance Point @ Root Chord 6.

w.com/instructors/cg.htm T R S T R T . You will then ge at the MAC.palosrc. ms.ocation ed to input the g. I hope it makes sense.

4.R S T R R S T R Airplane Design Calculator © V1.van@mailexcite. Van Tassle lee. Aug 98 Lee B.com .

1 1.00 27 4.18 32 .88 21.ft.6 Flaps % of Wing Chord Chord % of Wing Span Span Dihedral Desired Degrees Dihedral Measurement 30% 25-30% Wing Chord 5 33% 30-33% Wing Span 30 2 1.D.15 325 34 Wing Span 0.70 79 19 Tip Chord YOUR DESIGN WING Tip Chord Root Chord Wing Span ~Mean Air Chord (MAC) Area Aspect Ration (AR) Estimated Weight (oz) Wing Loading (oz/ft2) 10.02 3.20 420 45 Mean Air Chord (MAC) 0.35 550 73 Aspect Ration (AR) 0.50 1395 6 :1 88 9 Ailerons Strip Chord Length Area 1.90 6.00 137 3 :1 25% 25-30% 1.00 600 6 6:1 27% 25-30% 2. ounces Tip Chord 0.50 63 3.00 10.40 36 6% Wing Area Barn Door Chord Length Area Flaps % of Wing Chord Chord % of Wing Span Span Recommended Dihedral High Wing (1 degrees) Mid Wing (2 degrees) Low Wing (3 degrees) 30% 25-30% Wing Chord 3 33% 30-33% Wing Span 20 0.69 20 Empenage HORIZONTAL STAB Span Tip Chord Root Chord MAC Area AR Elevator % of Total Chord Chord VERTICLE FIN Height Total Tip Chord X Height for Root Chord Total Root Chord Area Rudder % of Total Tip Chord Tip Chord % of Total Root Chord Root Chord Area 19.63 132 3 3:1 25% 25-30% 1.75 9.00 7.45-6 700 88 CG Location 0.28 40% 30-50% 3.10 300 29 Root Chord 0.5% 7-12% 45 40% 30-50% 1.WING DESIGN Average Values Engine Area Weight C.25 450 55 Area 0.35 64.00 10% Wing Chord 27.55 40.50 750 104 Estimated Weight .50 25% Wing Chord 14.22 7.6 Empenage HORIZONTAL STAB % of Wing Area Span Total Chord Area AR Elevator % of Total Chord Chord VERTICLE FIN Height Total Tip Chord X Height for Root Chord Total Root Chord % of Wing Area Target Area Rudder % of Total Tip Chord Tip Chord % of Total Root Chord Root Chord Area 22% 20-25% 19.00 90.21 115% 100-125% Height 9.66 8.00 15.00 50% 30-50% 5.5 1.00 115% 100-125% Height 10.00 60.50 6. oz/sq.60-1 800 128 Wing Loading (oz/sq.00 8.I.58 50% 30-50% 2.5% Wing Area Root Chord C/L Ailerons Strip Chord Length Area 1.) TARGET PLANE WING Norms 10.ft.00 21.00 10.60 84 Barn Door Chord Length Area 2.00 4.40 600 79 CG (% of Chord) .

02 1.40 10 7.00 25% Wing Span Axle in line with firewall 2.60-1 12 Fuselage Fuse Length (A) Nose Length (B) Tail Length (C) Engine Size Prop Diameter Landing Gear Height (D) Spread Gear Location Trike Front Trike Main (inches) Tail Dragger Main Tail Wheel 63.2 Axle 20-25% longer than prop radius 15.45 11 7.20 8 0.82 Spinner backplate to wing LE 23.23 34.com . Aug 98 Lee B. Fuselage Fuse Length (A) Nose Length (B) Tail Length (C) Engine Size Prop Diameter Landing Gear Height (D) Spread Gear Location Trike Front Trike Main Tail Dragger Main Tail Wheel 42.50 11 .40 10 .Engine Prop.22 " behind CG Axle in line or ahead of wing leading edge Hinged on rudder line.I.00 13. axle aft of hinge line C.5"-2" behind CG Axle in line or ahead of wing leading edge Hinged on rudder line.00 Spinner backplate to rudder hinge line 8.15 8 0.D.4.van@mailexcite. Diameter 0.65 0.10 Wing TE to rudder hinge line 0.25 9 0.45-6 11 0.35 9 0. axle aft of hinge line A DATUM D B CHORD C Airplane Design Calculator © V1.10 7 0.9 22.50 Axle in line with firewall 2. Van Tassle lee.

14 26 .40 9.00 147 3 3:1 28% 27-30% 1.5% Wing Area Chord Length Area Ailerons Strip 0.40 30-50% 3.40 30-50% 1.82 8.00 9.13 9.37 8.00 204 3 :1 30% 27-30% 2.60 0.20 8.95 25.50 2 1.37 50.52 9.65 Stager Desired Stager CG (% of Total Chord) Gap Total Wing Area Estimated Weight Wing Loading (oz/ft2) Dihedral Desired Degrees Top Dihedral Measurement Bottom Dihedral Measurement Recommended Dihedral Top Wing (0 degrees) Bottom Wing (2 degrees) 0.00 8.20 8.52 57.38 13.88 1 0.37 420 6 6:1 Tip Chord YOUR DESIGN TOP WING Tip Chord Root Chord Wing Span Mean Air Chord (MAC) Area Aspect Ration (AR) 9.40 30-50% 4.27 0.54 0-50% of Chord 25-30% Aft of forward most wing LE 1 x Avg MAC Chord Length Area Barn Door 2.94 3.52 9.71 24.52 544 6 :1 9.17 113% 100-125% Height 8.WING DESIGN TARGET PLANE TOP WING Tip Chord Root Chord Wing Span Mean Air Chord (MAC) Area Aspect Ration (AR) Norms 8.93 30% 30-50% Stab 44 0.47 Barn Door Chord Length Area Stager Desired Stager CG (% of Total Chord) CG Location Gap Total Wing Area Estimated Weight Wing Loading 2.00 7.57 19 Empenage HORIZONTAL STAB Span Tip Chord Root Chord MAC Area AR Elevator % of Total Chord Chord VERTICAL FIN Height Total Tip Chord X Height for Root Chord Total Root Chord Area Rudder % of Total Tip Chord Tip Chord % of Total Root Chord Root Chord Area 25.96 7.37 50.84 10% Wing Chord 22.05 25 6% Wing Area 25% 27% 2.00 4.00 115% 100-125% Height 10.09 25% Wing Chord 12.00 Empenage HORIZONTAL STAB % of Total Wing Area Span Total Chord Target Area AR Elevator % of Total Chord Chord VERTICAL FIN Height Total Tip Chord X Height for Root Chord Total Root Chord % of Stab Area Target Area Rudder % of Total Tip Chord Tip Chord % of Total Root Chord Root Chord Area 18% 17-20% 21.00 0.52 57.35 65 0.59 18.37 420 6 6:1 8.13 9.40 30-50% 1.37 840 79 13.90 4.52 1088 88 11.50 7.71 33 30% 27% 25-30% 9.52 544 6 :1 Bottom Wing Tip Chord Root Chord Wing Span Mean Air Chord (MAC) Area Aspect Ration (AR) Bottom Wing Tip Chord Root Chord Wing Span Mean Air Chord (MAC) Area Aspect Ration (AR) Root Chord C/L Ailerons Strip Chord Length Area 0.37 8.

Wing span is a monoplane equivalent span +40% more.92 14. Empenage: The horizontal and vertical stabilizers sizes are about the same as an equivalent monoplane. Aug 98 Lee B. same goes for the chords as long as your total wing area remains around the target zone. axle aft of hinge line Fuselage Fuse Length (A) Nose Length (B) Tail Length (C) Engine Size Prop Diameter Landing Gear Height (D) Spread Gear Location Tail Dragger Main Tail Wheel 45.4.14 0. just figured a little differently because of the wing changes.00 7. Wing stager is a matter of personal choice from 0 to 50% chord positive (top wing forward of lower wing) or negative (bottom wing forward of top wing) stager.Fuselage Fuse Length (A) Nose Length (B) Tail Length (C) Engine Size Prop Diameter Landing Gear Height (D) Spread Gear Location Tail Dragger Main Tail Wheel 40.55 25% Wing Span Axle in line or ahead of foremost wing leading edge Hinged on rudder line.com . Van Tassle lee.09 Wing TE to rudder hinge line 0. axle aft of hinge line A DATUM D B CHORD C NOTES: Wings: Bipe wings are only ~80% as efficient as a monoplane.40 10.45 11 7. Airplane Design Calculator © V1.70 9.60 25.van@mailexcite.16 Spinner backplate to rudder hinge line 8. then split between the upper and lower wings. The lower wing and horizontal stab incidence is normally 0 degrees to the thrust line. You can increase the upper wing span and decrease the lower wing span. Wings are separated by 1 chord span measured from the wing chord lines. normal is in the 25% positive stager range.20 Axle 20-25% longer than prop radius 12.28 Axle in line or ahead of wing leading edge Hinged on rudder line. the upper wing ranges from -1 to +1 degree to the thrust line (this designer prefers -1 degree).43 Spinner backplate to wing LE 22.

00 10.) Elevator % of Total Chord Chord Distance A to B: Static of Margin Neutral Point (NP) CG Location 8.00 27.00 30.71 6.15 115% 100-125% Height 14.18 36 2.01 115% 100-125% Height 11.00 600 6 :1 79 19 B AC AFTPLANE Tip Chord Root Chord Wing Span Mean Air Chord (MAC) Area Aspect Ration (AR) Estimated Weight Wing Loading (oz/sq.00 270.71 26.00 10.83 180 4 3-6:1 63 29% 28-30% 1.CANARD DESIGN FOREPLANE % of Wing Area Tip Chord Root Chord MAC Span Area AR Canard Loading (oz/sq.55 12.ft.89 16.61 34.61 31 12.79 128 40% 30-50% 2.01 4.86 5.92 51 .00 60.76 AFTPLANE Tip Chord Root Chord Wing Span Mean Air Chord (MAC) Area Aspect Ration (AR) Estimated Weight Wing Loading (oz/sq.50 9.00 3 :1 53 29% 2.71 6.55 800 6 :1 100 18 Ailerons Strip Chord Length Area 1.ft.00 10.50 2 -4 times Aftplane MAC 15-25% (The higher.00 20% 7.) 10.) 10.64 20% 9.45 11.00 27 Chord Length Area Ailerons Strip 1.ft.16 31.52 9% 7-12%Ttl Wing Area 70 40% 30-50% 1.28 11.50 14.40 36 Barn Door Chord Length Area VERTICAL STAB Height Total Tip Chord X Height for Root Chord Total Root Chord Area Rudder % of Total Tip Chord Tip Chord % of Total Root Chord Root Chord Area 10. the more stable) Fwd of wing's aerodynamic center Fwd of wing's aerodynamic center FOREPLANE Front A AC Tip Chord Root Chord MAC Span Area AR Canard Loading (oz/sq.) Elevator % of Total Chord Chord Distance A to B: Static of Margin Neutral Point (NP) CG Location NORMS 30% 15-50% 6.95 30.63 48 Barn Door Chord Length Area VERTICAL STAB Height Total Tip Chord X Height for Root Chord Total Root Chord % of Wing Area Target Area Rudder % of Total Tip Chord Tip Chord % of Total Root Chord Root Chord Area 2.60 40% 30-50% 4.00 9.06 40% 30-50% 5.55 69.ft.

this is because of downwash from the canard.com . Engine: A fore mounted engine will enable easier CG adjustment. +1 degree should be acceptable. Airplane Design Calculator © V1.2 17.00 25% Wing Span Axle in line with firewall 2. Aftplane: The aftplane is usually set at 0-+1 degree positive incidence to the thrust line. A pusher configuration will require a long nose moment and a lot of ballast to bring the CG into range.40 10 7. the higher it's loading and the more positive angle of attack it must have.27 behind CG DATUM A NOTES: Foreplane: A canard foreplane must stall before the aftplane or the plane will become unstable at low speeds.van@mailexcite. The smaller the canard.32 Axle in line with firewall 2. Aug 98 Lee B. Van Tassle lee.27 1.2 Axle 20-25% longer than prop radius 15. The foreplane is normally in-line or above the aftplane. For a slab canard.Fuselage Engine Size Prop Diameter Landing Gear Height (A) Spread Gear Location Trike Front Trike Main 0.4. For a lifting airfoil canard. the more forward the CG location will be.45 10 7. incidence of +3 degrees is normal.5"-2" behind CG Engine Size Prop Diameter Landing Gear Height (D) Spread Gear Location Trike Front Trike Main 0. The larger the canard.

van@mailexcite.60 (4") . Aug 98 Lee B.60 3.52 Norms 75% Fuse Length 53% Length 47% Length 14% Length 8% Length Width .50 16..40 31. Float spread is the same as landing gear spread for the same size land plane. built from foam.90 .20 18.40 (3") . Wing should be 2 .1.20 A 3 .4.41 2. Water rudder can be either attached to rudder or placed on the back of either/both floats. ply or any combination thereof. Van Tassle lee. balsa.45 40.5 deg E D 3 deg 3/4" B C ~4" 1" Step should be in-line to 1/2" behind CG NOTES: Floats can be flat bottom for ease of construction.com .81 4..10 .80 5..3 degrees positive incidence to top line float or you'll have a hard time 'unsticking' from the water.2 (5") Your Float Engine Size Length (A) Tip to Step (B) Step to Stern (C) Curve to Tip (D) Height (E) 0. Airplane Design Calculator © V1.30 .70 14.FLOAT DESIGN Target Float Engine Size Length (A) Tip to Step (B) Step to Stern (C) Curve to Tip (D) Height (E) 0.00 21.45 .25 (2") .