Republic of the Philippines Laguna State Polytechnic University San Pablo City, Campus San Pablo, Laguna

Subject: Instructional Procedures and Evaluation in Social Science Topic: Power of Film, Video and TV in the classroom and Teaching with Visual Symbols Professor: Dr. Nelia T. Salvador Presentor: Ms. Camille A. Virtusio

Power of Film, Video and TV in the classroom

“Next to the home and school, I believe television to have a more profound influence on the human race than any other medium of communication.”- Edgar Dale Today’s children are growing up surrounded by television and video. Visual media is already an essential component of classroom instruction, with almost all teachers employing video in some form in their teaching. As the presence of broadband, digital media, and streaming video increases, the likelihood is that video will become an even more essential classroom resource.One of television’s most obvious characteris tics is its visual aspect. Humans intuitively grasp the power of images to convey meaning, as can be seen in the old age that values a picture at a thousand times the value of a word. Television, of course, offers information in multiple forms: not just images, but motion, sounds, and, at times, text. The film, the video and the tv are indeed very powerful that Dale says: *it transmit a wide range of audio, it bring models of excellence to the viewer, *it bring the world reality to the home and to the classroom through a live broadcast or as mediated through film or videotape *make us see and hear for ourselves world events as they happen, Through visual media, students learned and at the same time they are entertained. It can arouse easily students attention Gives information that may answer our curiosity about something. Make some programs understandable and appealing to a wide variety of age and educational level Bring the world of reality to the home and the classroom through a live broadcast or as mediated through film or video tape. Can be both instructive and enjoyable Students see the world events as they happen Make the student aware what is happening inside and outside the society Video allows teachers to not only tell students what they need to learn from a specific lesson, but illustrate examples to help develop understanding Can give opportunity to the teachers to view themselves while they teach for purpose of self improvement Promotes teacher’s effectiveness

Limitations -Television and film are one-way communication device consequently, they encourage passivity. -Excessive TV viewing works against the development of the child’s ability to visualize and to be creative and imaginative, skills, that are needed in problem solving. - There is much violence in television With the Advent of Computers and the Internet, What Is the Future of Television in the Classroom? Classrooms, of course, are becoming ever more technology enriched, as computers, the Internet, DVD players and a host of other digital technologies penetrate our nation’s schools. While the format, delivery channels, and storage options may change, video is now and will continue to be an effective, engaging, and essential tool in our nation’s classrooms.

Gannt. to make the meaning vivid to the learners or students. globes. The perfect cartoon needs no caption. They communicate "visually Types of Graph (Pie. charts. To avoid confusion. A graph is “worth a thousand words”. The cartoon presents a certain issue or concern which could be either for or against it. The symbolism conveys the messages. Line. Organizational.Time. Pictorial. origins and developments. graphics. Affinity. the more effective the symbolism. A first rate cartoon tells its story tells a story metaphorically. Where to use drawing as an instruction? These can serve as a motivation and starter of your lesson. You can obtain strip drawings from newspapers. Abstraction Your experience of the words and the graphs convinces you that a graph is easier to understand than the words of a paragraph. less words more symbolism the better. Introduction From an experience of a real world experience we proceed to a word of symbols. diagrams.tell stories metaphorically through pictures. They must be presented in a challenging manner Strip Drawings These are commonly called comics or comic strip. maps. 1969) Types of Diagram (Fishbone. Graphic Organizer) Maps A map is a representation of the surface of the earth or some part of it. cartoon. relative values. distribution. chronological fluctuations. in visualizing scientific data. These are crude and simple lines. One essential skill that the teacher should posses is drawing. We can have a seven types of chart: Types of Chart (Tree. Graphs are diagrams (pictures) that can be used to display/compare collected data. etc”.(Dale. it is good that our drawing correctly represents the real thing. Economic. which are effective in showing what needs to be shown with sufficient clarity. They are stick drawings with no illusion of depth but a smart teacher can use them in a very effective way in explaining and showing ideas and concepts Cartoon Another useful visual symbol that can bring novelty to our teaching is the cartoon. Bar. It can also be given as an activity for students to express insights gained at the conclusion of a lesson.Flow. It is a pictorial representation or caricature of a person. Cartoons.Teaching with Visual symbols Visual Symbols are representations of direct reality. which comes in the form of signs and symbols. situation or issue that is designed to influence public opinion. Drawings A drawing may not be the real thing but better to have a concrete visual aid than nothing. for instance. Contrast or Comparison) Graph A graphic (such as a chart or diagram) depicting the relationship between two or more variables used. The less the artist depends on words. Types(Physical. formulas. Make use of strips that are educational and entertaining at the same time. strip drawings. which need no caption. magazines and books Diagrams It is “any line drawing that shows arrangement and relations as a part to the whole. Dale(1969) asserts that a more accurate term is strip drawings. Tree) Chart It is diagrammatic representation of relationships among individuals within an organization. Visual symbols include drawings. . Symbolism conveys message. idea. Relief.