AN ANALYSIS OF MORAL VALUES IN JANE AUSTIN’S PRIDE AND PREJUDICE NOVEL Oleh: Ikak Susanti 29002087/8A

CHAPTER I A. Introduction Novel is one of literary works beside poetry and drama. It contains of a long narrative that gives pleasure for the reader. The reader will feel curious after read some chapters. Then, it makes the reader want to finish reading the novel until the end of story. The reader could learn about life, love, society, culture, and so on. The reader also can learn about human interest, human sentiment, human problem, etc. They are really near with human’s life. From reading the novel, the people can get the lesson on how to solve the problem, how to face the problem, how to live in a society, etc. The writer of this paper chooses a novel written by Jane Austin, Pride and Prejudice to be analyzed by focusing the discussion on the moral values. The writer chooses this novel because the novel is very interesting. There are a lot of moral values that can be taken from this novel. Beside that, this novel also has good theme. It makes the writer not bored to read this novel many times. The novel written by Jane Austin, pride and Prejudice can be used to improve the morality of the society because it contains moral values that be useful in the society. Pride and Prejudice also has remained a popular and well loved novels for more than 200 years. The other reason why the writer choose this novel are it can enrich the English knowledge, give enjoyment in reading novel, give understanding about the moral values, attitude, the way of life that very useful in the writer’s life.

the 18th Century Restoration. 2. and examples of genre include romance.wikipedia." as in the figures of speech "arts and letters" and "man of letters. The concept of genre." The four major classifications of literature are poetry. fantasy. Middle English. erotica. Literature of the novel can provide a great deal of understanding of life in the country where that language is used as means of communication. The genre has historical roots both in the fields of the medieval and early modern romance and . among others.Theoretical Review 1. genres. and political influences. mystery. Literature may comprise of texts based on factual information (journalistic or non-fiction). and adventure. The word literature literally means "acquaintance with letters" and the pars pro toto term "letters" is sometimes used to signify "literature. has now broadened over the centuries.CHAPTER II Analysis A. letter) is the art of written work. Literatures can be divided according to historical periods. Literature Literature (from Latin litterae (plural). Important historical periods include the 17th Century Shakespearean and Elizabethan times. As stated in http://en. which earlier was limited. and 20th Century Modernism. and non-fiction. the Renaissance. 19th Century Victorian. fiction.org/wiki/literature. crime. Old English. as well as on original imagination. such as polemical works as well as autobiography. and reflective essays as well as belles-lettres. prose. A genre consists of artistic works which fall within a certain central theme. Novel A novel is a book of long narrative in literary prose.

As stated in http://en. and style. As stated in http://en. 1. Abrams (1980:24) writes that the story. " In literature. theme is considered one of the fundamental components of fiction.in the tradition of the novella. play. Since the 19th century. the art of creating characters. As stated in http://en. Since the end of the 18th century. Like morals or messages. The latter supplied the present generic term in the late 18th century. themes often explore historically common or cross-culturally recognizable ideas and are almost always implied rather than stated explicitly.specifically. or concept the author is trying to point out. characters guide readers through their stories. as practised by actors or writers..org/wiki/character 2. subject. we should analyze the elements of novel. Character A character is the representation of a person in a narrative work of art (such as a novel. helping them to understand plots and ponder themes. or film). the phrase "in character" has been used to describe an effective impersonation by an actor. moral. has been called characterisation. it is the presentation of individual character moving through their experience to some ending that we may accept as meaningful. but an emotion. or commentary it may send or be interpreted as sending regarding said concept. setting.wikipedia. To understand the contain of novel. especially of a novel. not to be confused with whatever message. character. Theme In contemporary literary studies. a theme is the central topic.wikipedia. Setting of place .org/wiki/theme 3.wikipedia. Setting There are three settings in 1. is not merely an image of life.org/wiki/novel. Along with plot.

Setting of culture B. Mrs. and Mr. Elizabeth is the second of five daughters of a country gentleman living near the fictional town of Meryton in Hertfordshire. Mr. and marriage in the society. Mr. Lady Catherine was Mr. Bingley. One day. Bennet daughter.2. Bennet told her husband to introduce their daughter to a young and rich man. Mr. Jane was ill because of bad season. Elizabeth could not accept him. education. Elizabeth picked up Jane there. Darcy to dance. The reason of Mr. Darcy felt in love with Elizabeth but he could not show his feeling strongly. Finally Mr. near London. The old daughter of Mr. Bingley dance with Jane. Darcy. Bennet family had not a good attitude. but he would not to dance. Darcy told Elizabeth that he felt in love with her. He came from North England. He wanted to marry with one of Mr. Darcy was the Mr. Bingley’s sister and Mr. Mrs. Lady Caroline is Mr.Mr. She met Mr. morality. mr. Bennet and three daughters picked up them. Lady Caroline. Darcy . Bingley’s best friend. Bennet family were happy. She could not go home. Setting of time 3. Bennet pursue Mr. She was Elizabeth’s best friend. Mr. Mr.but Elizabeth could not accept him because he had broken love between Mr. Collins was Mr. Darcy’s aunt. After arriving there. Jane was invited to dine by Lady Caroline to her house. Bingley marry her. Bingley. Jane was sad because she knew that Caroline did not want Mr. Collins married Charlotte. She told that the whole family had left Netherfieldwith no itention of returning. upbringing.A letter came from Caroline Bingley. In the balls. Bennet’s cousin. Darcy. Mr. Synopsis The story follows the main character Elizabeth Bennet as she deals with issues of manners. Elizabeth invited Mr. She prohibited Elizabeth engaged Mr. After some months. Bennet family. Bennet introduce his family to Mr. Bingley and Jane. Darcy is Mr. Bingley engaged Jane. They felt in love.

Darcy. Though the story is set at the turn of the 19th century. Setting of place Jane Austin’s Pride and Prejudice novel took place in Netherfield. D. To calm her heart. Elizabeth walked around. The other setting of place is in Meryton as stated in: . it retains a fascination for modern readers. Darcy’s feeling C. Modern interest in the book has resulted in a number of dramatic adaptations and an abundance of novels and stories imitating Austen's memorable characters or themes. The quotation is: "If I can but see one of my daughters happily settled at Netherfield.first published in 1813. It has become one of the most popular novels in English literature and receives considerable attention from literary scholars. Elizabeth promised not to engaged Mr. Pride and Prejudice has remained a popular and well loved novels for more than 200 years because of its fairy tale like qualities and its foray into romantic comedy. Elizabeth accepted Mr. the book has sold some 20 million copies worldwide.because Mr." said Mrs. Bingley and his family stayed in netherfield. Bennet to her husband. Pride and Prejudice belong to romantic comedy. Pride and Prejudice Novel Pride and Prejudice is a novel by Jane Austen. Darcy. I shall have nothing to wish for. "and all the others equally well married. continuing near the top of lists of 'most loved books' such as The Big Read. Setting a. An analysis of Discussion 1. To date. Darcy would be married with her daughter. She met Mr." Mr. They talked about their feeling.The novel written by Jane Austin.

Unfortunately for his daughters. and Kitty. Mr. Bennet’s family stayed at Longbourn. b. the next day and was therefore unable to accept their invitation. Setting of culture The culture that can be taken from this novel is about heritage. and five daughters. Bingley had to go to London. Please take me up from my passion. Mamma. When is your next ball at Meryton. however. There would be a ball in Meryton. She was Elizabeth’s best friend. all heritage is only inherited by a son. Elizabeth. Setting of Time The setting of time here is not stated clearly in the novel. lizzy? Asked Kitty. Marry. It was Miss Lucas (Charlotte) family. Mrs. This story is set in 19 century. They are Jane.as stated in: Within a short walk of Longbourn lived a family with whom the Bennets were particularly intimate. Bennet had inherited from his father the family house at Longbourn and an income of two thousand pounds a year. He lived with his wife servants.But you forget. They has some . Long has promised to introduce him. The quotation is: Mr. Bingley family. The other setting of place is in Longbourn. Recently. The other setting is in Rosing as stated in Miss Elizabeth. Coming to Rosings is just for you. Mr. In a family. Lidya. The quotation is: Mr. for a long time I stuck and I can’t hold anymore. that we shall meet him at the assembly balls. c. I would be crazy because of you. The other setting of place is in London. Bennet family would go there and meet Mr. the house and income could by law only be inherited by a son. said Elizabeth.

Mrs. So. Is it not so. We now come to the point. 2.Collins. There was a culture in England in 19 century that a couple usually call each other formally. he could help the economy of the the other daughters and her. In England.wikipedia. The other culture of this novel is about calling the other name as stated in My dear Mr. Bennet?” “Yes. decisions. there was the assembly balls in their society.Bennet. Mrs. The other culture is about the dance party or assembly balls as stated in: But you forget. Mamma. There are two kinds of moral values. As stated in http://en. Therefore.org/wiki/morality. “Very well. Positive Moral Values The quotation that are related to somebody who has wisdom: Come here child. Collins has made you an offer of marriage? Elizabeth replied that it was. Many men met women under monitoring of their parents. It was held commonly. that we shall meet him at assembly balls.and I will never see you again if you do! We can learn from this quotation that we have to be a wise person. Your mother insists that you accept. I have sent for you on a matter of importance. said his wife to him one day. The writer gets many moral values from this novel. or I will never see her again”. proper behavior") is the differentiation of intentions. and actions between those that are good (or right) and those that are bad (or wrong). cried her father as she appeared. They are positive moral values and negative moral values. Moral Values Morality (from the Latin moralitas "manner. Don’t force our desire to the other person. Your mother will never see you again if you do not marry Mr. a.Since he did not have a son it must go to his nearest male relative.said Elizabeth. character. . From this day you must be a stranger to one of your parents. And you have refused? Elizabeth agreed. who was a clergyman named Collins. Bennet wanted one of her daughter marry with a rich man. Is it true that Mr.

Bennet?” “Yes. It is a bad attitude to force our desire to the other person. But luckily he came back in ten minutes and then we all set out. An express letter came at twelve Last night. The quotation that is related to somebody has love: ‘This is a bad beginning. we have to delete egoistic. Your mother insists that you accept. However. The quotation that is related to somebody has kindness is: The next day Elizabeth had an example of the kindness of those at Rosings. we could learn that eventhough we hate somebody but if he/she get a problem we should help her/him. We can apply this moral values in our society. Is it not so. and if we were late we could not be married that day.The quotation that is related to help each other is: Well. So. when we had all gone to bed. Yet. the wedding need not have been put off. I am sure no one else will believe me if you do not. Negative Moral Values The quotation that is related to egoistic is: We now come to the point. It is a good values if everybody has kindness. indeed! My only hope was in you. or I will never see her again”. Mrs. I was so frightened I didn’t know what to do. with Wickham! The quotation that relates to somebody has ungracious manner is: . indeed.’ b. He still loves me and we are engaged. for my uncle was to give me a way.to tell the truth. I am speaking the truth. I rememberd afterwards that if he had not been able to go. The quotation that relates to somebody had gone off to get marry. Mr Darcy could have done it instead. from Colonel foster to inform us that ldya has gone off to Scotland with one of his officers. From this quotation.

She made no reply to Elizabeth’s welcome. we also learn many cultures that the other country has such as a law about heritage. the emphasis of this novel is on the moral values that revealed in it. except a slight nod. After analyzing. It is a bad habit that must be deleted. the writer finds some positive moral values that can be applied in our society such as wisdom. The theme of this novel is really good. help each other. and sat down without a word. Sometimes the last person on earth you want to be with is the one person you can not be without. For the writer. We must have a good manner with everyone.the assembly balls. calling the other person etc. it can give knowledge about the other country for the reader.She entered the room with a manner which was more ungracious than usual. nod when meet with the other people. CHAPTER III Conclusion In this novel. The writer hopes that the readers could take the positive moral values revealed in it and could apply it in their real life. . There are some moral messages that can be taken such as we should not have prejudice with the other people before knowing deeply. So.

wikipedia.org/wiki/novel.org/wiki/morality.Bibliography http://en.org/wiki/theme.wikipedia.April 12 http://en.April 12 http://en.org/wiki/literature.wikipedia.wikipedia.April 12 http://en.org/wiki/character.April 12 http://en.wikipedia.April 12 .