All things are possible!

31/10/2012

HOW THE EUROPEAN UNION WORKS (THE THREE PILLARS)

Hubungan Internasional di Eropa Rengsina Suryati

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2 . European Commission proposes new legislation but it is the Council and the Parliament pass the laws.All things are possible! 31/10/2012 HOW THE EU TAKES DECISION Decision making at EU in particularly: o The European Parliament (EP) o The Council of European Union o The European Commission In General.

All things are possible! 31/10/2012 THE RULES AND PROCEDURES The rules and procedures for EU decision making are laid down in Treaties.  The Three (3) main procedures are: .Consultation .Assent  3 .Codecision . Every proposal for a new European law must be based on a specific Treaty Article.

the law can be passed .  Parliament shares legislative power equally with the Council  The procedures provides 2 successive ‘readings’ in each institution . it will be put before a conciliation committee.if not.All things are possible! 31/10/2012 CODECISION Codecision is the procedure now used for most EU-Law making.if an agreement is reached in these readings. so that they can finally adopt it as law  4 . the agreed text is sent again to Parliament and the Council. composed of equal numbers of Council and Parliament representatives Once this Committee has reached an agreement.

All things are possible! 31/10/2012 5 .

 Based on a proposal from the Commission. the Council consults Parliaments. the European Economics and Social Committee. or  Ask for amendments  6 . taxation and competition. and the Committee of the Regions  Under the consultation procedures.All things are possible! 31/10/2012 THE CONSULTATION The Consultation procedures is used in areas such as agriculture. Parliament may:  Approve the Commission proposal  Reject it.

which either adopts the amended proposal or amends it further  If the Council amends a Commission proposal. the Commission will consider all the changes Parliament suggests. it must do so unanimously.  The decision ultimately rests with the Council.All things are possible! 31/10/2012 THE CONSULTATION PROCEDURE If Parliaments asks for amendments.  If it accepts any of these suggestion it will send the Council an amended proposal.  7 .

8 .All things are possible! 31/10/2012 ASSENT     The assent procedure means that the Council has to obtain the European Parliament’s assent before certain very important decisions are taken. including the agreements allowing new countries to join the EU. The procedure is the same as in the case of consultation. except that Parliament cannot amend a proposal: it must either accept or reject it Acceptance (assent) requires an absolute majority of the votes The assent procedure is mostly used for agreements with other countries.

which is why its meeting are often called ‘summits’ The Council of the European Union Formerly known as the Council of Ministers. The European Council meets. It is the highest level policy making body in the European Union. It depends on political system of each country whether their participant is the President and/or the Prime Minister. The Council meets regularly to take detailed decisions and to pass EU laws. including all 27 EU countries  it is not an EU institution 9 . The Council of Europe It is an intergovernmental organisation which aims to protect human rights. plus the President of the European Commission. to promote Europe’s cultural diversity and to combat social problem such as racial prejudice and intolerance.All things are possible! 31/10/2012 THE THREE COUNCILS    The European Council This means the Head of State or Government of all EU countries. The Council of Europe has 47 members . 4 times a year to agree overall EU policy and to review progress. this institution consist of government ministers from all EU countries.