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P

H
2.5 m
3.5 m
F
x (c )
= 127.2 kN
F
x (T )
= 61.842 kN
V
y
= 58.98 kN
V
z
= 0 kN
M
y
= 3.59 kN-m
M
z
= 197.77 kN-m
5.0.2 Trial Section:
Grade of steel: Fe 540 f
u
= 540 MPa
f
y
= 410 MPa
4179.41 kg/cm
2
-Maxm. axial tensile force for load case
1.5(DL+CL+WL [Case 2A]) for node no. 104 in STAAD file
-Maxm. axial compressive force for load case 1.5(DL+CL+IL) for node
no. 103 in the STAAD file
-Maxm. M
y
for load case 1.2(DL+CL+EL [along z-directn.]) for node
no. 103 in the STAAD file
5.0 Analysis of Column
Fig. 5.0.a
5.0.1 Loading condition for columns
-P and H i.e. vertical and horizontal loads are
transferred to the column from the truss.
-The wind loads acting on the side cladding are
transferred to the column as two point loads shown by
W
1
& W
2
in the fig. 5.0.a
-At the bottom, the column is fixed and hence moment
will act on it.
Loads on column
-Its value is negligible for all the load cases & hence neglected.
(t<20, .'.f
y
=410)
[As per Table 2, IS800- 2007]
*Steel plate of thickness 8mm is bent into 400 mm diameter tube to act as column.
-Maxm. shear force occuring for load case 1.5(DL+CL+WL
[Case 2A]) for node no. 103 in STAAD file
-Maxm. M
x
for load case 1.5(DL+CL+IL) for node no. 103
& 104 in STAAD file
W
1
W
2
D = 400 mm t = 8 mm
I = 18931.654 cm
4
A = 98.520 cm
2
r = 13.862 cm Z
e
= 946.583
cm
3
= 0.781
Classification of section-
Plastic Compact
42
2
52
2
25.6097561 31.707317
D/t= 50
where; V
d
- Shear capacity of the section
A
v
=
2A/
A
v
= 62.720
cm
2
f
yw
= 410 MPa
.'.V
d
= 1349.697 kN
0.6V
d
= 809.818 kN
.'. V <0.6V
d
3500 mm
k
y
= 0.8 k
z
= 0.8
r
yy
= 138.62179 mm r
zz
= 138.6218 mm
(kL/r)
yy
= 20.1988 (kL/r)
zz
= 20.1988
.'.(kl/r)
max
= 20.1988
.'.M
d
can be calculated as per Cl. 8.2.1.2 or Cl. 8.2.2; IS 800- 2007
Unsupported length (L)=
-Considered same as that of whole section
Sectional properties:
D, t- Outer diameter and thickness of the circular tube respectively.
I- Second moment area of the section about both the axes
r- Radius of gyration of the section
t- thickness of the tube
.'. Section is semi-compact
Shear capacity of the section:

mo
- Partial factor of safety=1.1
f
yw
- Yield stress of the web
Semi-compact
[ As per Table 2 of IS 800- 2007]
146
2
89.02439024
D- outer diameter of the tube
A
v
- Shear area
[ As per Clause 8.4 of IS 800- 2007]
A- c/s area of the given section
[As per Clause 8.4.1.1, IS 800- 2007]
Axial compressive load carrying capacity of column:
Hence, no reduction in moment carrying capacity is reqd.
-Shear area for circular hollow tubes of uniform
thickness
e =
250

.'.f
cd
= 360.592 MPa
A
e
= 9852.026
mm
2
P
d
= 3552.565 kN
T
dg
= 3672.119 kN
M
d
=
b
Z
p
f
bd

b
=Z
e
/Z
p
Z
p
-Plastic section modulus
Z
e
-Elastic section modulus
L
LT
= 3500 mm
r
y
= 138.622 mm
L
LT
/r
y
= 25.249
h
f
= 392 mm
t
f
= 8 mm
h/t
f
= 49.000
f
cr,b
= 3869.383

LT
=
0.49
f
bdy
= 372.7 MPa
M
dy
=Z
e
x f
bd
'.'
b
=Z
e
/Z
p
.'.M
dy
= 352.791 kN-m
T
dg
- Design tensile strength of the section due to yeilding of gross
section
[As per Clause 6.2 of IS 800- 2007]
[From table 14 of IS 800-2007]
L
LT
=1.0L :- for case(v) and normal loading condition
f
cr,b
-extreme fibre bending compressive stress
corresponding to elastic lateral buckling moment

LT
- imperfection parameter

LT
=0.49 for welded steel sections
Buckling class 'b' for cold rolled hollow section
Moment carrying capacity of the section:
f
bd
-design bending compressive stress
f
bdy
-design bending compressive stress @ yy axis
h
f
- c/c distance between flanges

b
for semi-compact section
[As per Clause 8.2.2 of IS 800- 2007]
Axial tensile load carrying capacity of column:
-As the section is tube section, considering tensile strength due to yielding of gross section:
-Effective length for lateral torsional buckling
t
f
-thickness of the flange
[As per Table9(b); IS 800- 2007 for f
y
-410MPa]
'.' The compression flange of the column is unrestrained,
Moment carrying capacity @ minor i.e. YY axis
[As per Table 15 of IS 800-2007]
r
y
- radius of gyration @ minor (weaker) axis
[From table 13(b) of IS 800-2007, for f
y
=410MPa ]
I
dg
=
A
g

y
mo
L
LT
= 3500 mm
r
z
= 138.622 mm
L
LT
/r
y
= 25.249
h
f
= 392 mm
t
f
= 8 mm
h
f
/t
f
= 49.000
f
cr,b
= 3869.383

LT
=
0.49
f
bdz
= 372.7 MPa
M
dz
=Z
e
x f
bd
'.'
b
=Z
e
/Z
p
.'.M
dz
= 352.791 kN-m
N
d
, M
dy
, M
dz
- force & moment carrying capacity of the section
N= 127.2 kN
61.842 kN
M
y
= 3.59 kN-m
M
z
= 197.77 kN-m
P
d
= 3552.565 kN
T
dg
= 3672.119 kN
M
dy
= 352.791 kN-m
M
dz
= 352.791 kN-m
= 0.607
[From table 13(b) of IS 800-2007, for f
y
=410MPa ]
t
f
-thickness of the flange
r
z
- radius of gyration @ major (stronger) axis
Moment carrying capacity @ major i.e. ZZaxis
Check for compression:-
Sectional strength:-
Maxm. applied tensile force on the section
corresponding to elastic lateral buckling moment

LT
- imperfection parameter

LT
=0.49 for welded steel sections
Maxm. applied compressive force on the section
Maxm. applied moment on the section @ major axis
f
cr,b
-extreme fibre bending compressive stress
*Due to similar properties of the c/s @ both axes, the moment carrying capacity of the section is same about
both the axes.
here; N
d
=P
d
Hence, SAFE
L
LT
=1.0L :- for case(v) and normal loading condition
[From table 14 of IS 800-2007]
f
bdz
-design bending compressive stress @ zz axis
[As per Clause 9.3.1.3 of IS 800 -2007]
-For semi-compact sections, the following check needs to satisfied.
N, M
y
,M
z
- applied forces & moments on the section
Maxm. applied moment on the section @ minor axis
-Effective length for lateral torsional buckling
[As per Table 15 of IS 800-2007]
h
f
- c/c distance between flanges
N
N
d
+
H

H
d
+
H
z
H
dz
1.0
N
N
d
+
H

H
d
+
H
z
H
dz
= 0.588
= 1
T= 61.842 kN Maxm. tensile force
M
y
= 3.59 kN-m
M
z
= 197.77 kN-m
= -2.3518 kN-m
M
eff,y
< M
d
OK
= 191.8282 kN-m
M
eff,z
< M
d
OK
=(M
2
/M
1
)= 0
C
my
= 0.6 C
mz
= 0.6
C
mLT
= 0.6
P= 127.2 kN Maxm. compressive force
M
y
= 3.59 kN-m
M
z
= 197.77 kN-m
P
dy
= 3552.565 kN
P
dz
= 3552.565 kN
M
dy
= 352.791 kN-m
M
dz
= 352.791 kN-m
M
eff,y
-reduced effective moment @ major axis in tension
M
eff,z
-reduced effective moment @ minor axis in tension
Check for Tension:-
Overall Member Strength:-
Bending and axial tension:
Bending and axial compression:
= 0.8 if T and M can vary independently,otherwise 1
*Due to similar properties of the c/s @ both axes, the axial compressive force carrying capacity of the section is
same about both the axes.
[As per Cl 9.3.2.1, IS800- 2007]
T,M- factored applied tension and moment respectively
-Thus, the reduced effective moment under tension is not exceeding the bending strength due to lateral
torsional buckling
[As per Cl 9.3.2.2, IS800- 2007]
[Table 18 of IS 800- 2007]
here; N
d
=T
dg
Hence, SAFE
[As per Clause 9.3.2 of IS 800 -2007]
N
N
d
+
H

H
d
+
H
z
H
dz
H
c]],
=[H


IZ
c
A
]
H
c]],z
=[H
z

IZ
cz
A
]
n
y
=
0.0358
n
z
= 0.0358
= 0.2911 = 4838.12 MPa
= 0.2911 = 4838.12 MPa
K
y
= 0.9928
Kz= 1.0000
K
LT
=
= 0.3255 f
cr,b
= 3869.383
K
LT
= 0.997
= 0.6006 < 1 SAFE
= 0.3758 < 1 SAFE
n
y
, n
z
-ratio of actual applied axial force to design axial strength for
buckling @ minor & major axis respectively
*
y
,
z
-Non dimensional slenderness ratio
f
cc
- Euler's buckling stress
[As per Clause 7.1.2, IS800- 2007]

LT
- Non dimensional slenderness ratio for lateral torsional buckling @ weaker axis
K
z
=1+(
z
-0.2)n
z
1 +0.8n
z
K
y
=1+(
y
-0.2)n
y
1 +0.8n
y

cc

z
=

cc

cc
=
n
2
E
kI
r
2

cc
=
n
2
E
kI
r
2
zz
1
0.1
L1
n

C
mL1
0.25
1
0.1n

C
mL1
0.25

L1
=

c,b
P
P
d
+ K

C
m
H

H
d
+K
L1
H
z
H
dz
P
P
dz
+0.6K

C
m
H

H
d
+K
z
C
mz
H
z
H
dz