Design of steel column subjected to axial force and moments.

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Steel Column design

Design of steel column subjected to axial force and moments.

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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H

2.5 m

3.5 m

F

x (c )

= 127.2 kN

F

x (T )

= 61.842 kN

V

y

= 58.98 kN

V

z

= 0 kN

M

y

= 3.59 kN-m

M

z

= 197.77 kN-m

5.0.2 Trial Section:

Grade of steel: Fe 540 f

u

= 540 MPa

f

y

= 410 MPa

4179.41 kg/cm

2

-Maxm. axial tensile force for load case

1.5(DL+CL+WL [Case 2A]) for node no. 104 in STAAD file

-Maxm. axial compressive force for load case 1.5(DL+CL+IL) for node

no. 103 in the STAAD file

-Maxm. M

y

for load case 1.2(DL+CL+EL [along z-directn.]) for node

no. 103 in the STAAD file

5.0 Analysis of Column

Fig. 5.0.a

5.0.1 Loading condition for columns

-P and H i.e. vertical and horizontal loads are

transferred to the column from the truss.

-The wind loads acting on the side cladding are

transferred to the column as two point loads shown by

W

1

& W

2

in the fig. 5.0.a

-At the bottom, the column is fixed and hence moment

will act on it.

Loads on column

-Its value is negligible for all the load cases & hence neglected.

(t<20, .'.f

y

=410)

[As per Table 2, IS800- 2007]

*Steel plate of thickness 8mm is bent into 400 mm diameter tube to act as column.

-Maxm. shear force occuring for load case 1.5(DL+CL+WL

[Case 2A]) for node no. 103 in STAAD file

-Maxm. M

x

for load case 1.5(DL+CL+IL) for node no. 103

& 104 in STAAD file

W

1

W

2

D = 400 mm t = 8 mm

I = 18931.654 cm

4

A = 98.520 cm

2

r = 13.862 cm Z

e

= 946.583

cm

3

= 0.781

Classification of section-

Plastic Compact

42

2

52

2

25.6097561 31.707317

D/t= 50

where; V

d

- Shear capacity of the section

A

v

=

2A/

A

v

= 62.720

cm

2

f

yw

= 410 MPa

.'.V

d

= 1349.697 kN

0.6V

d

= 809.818 kN

.'. V <0.6V

d

3500 mm

k

y

= 0.8 k

z

= 0.8

r

yy

= 138.62179 mm r

zz

= 138.6218 mm

(kL/r)

yy

= 20.1988 (kL/r)

zz

= 20.1988

.'.(kl/r)

max

= 20.1988

.'.M

d

can be calculated as per Cl. 8.2.1.2 or Cl. 8.2.2; IS 800- 2007

Unsupported length (L)=

-Considered same as that of whole section

Sectional properties:

D, t- Outer diameter and thickness of the circular tube respectively.

I- Second moment area of the section about both the axes

r- Radius of gyration of the section

t- thickness of the tube

.'. Section is semi-compact

Shear capacity of the section:

mo

- Partial factor of safety=1.1

f

yw

- Yield stress of the web

Semi-compact

[ As per Table 2 of IS 800- 2007]

146

2

89.02439024

D- outer diameter of the tube

A

v

- Shear area

[ As per Clause 8.4 of IS 800- 2007]

A- c/s area of the given section

[As per Clause 8.4.1.1, IS 800- 2007]

Axial compressive load carrying capacity of column:

Hence, no reduction in moment carrying capacity is reqd.

-Shear area for circular hollow tubes of uniform

thickness

e =

250

.'.f

cd

= 360.592 MPa

A

e

= 9852.026

mm

2

P

d

= 3552.565 kN

T

dg

= 3672.119 kN

M

d

=

b

Z

p

f

bd

b

=Z

e

/Z

p

Z

p

-Plastic section modulus

Z

e

-Elastic section modulus

L

LT

= 3500 mm

r

y

= 138.622 mm

L

LT

/r

y

= 25.249

h

f

= 392 mm

t

f

= 8 mm

h/t

f

= 49.000

f

cr,b

= 3869.383

LT

=

0.49

f

bdy

= 372.7 MPa

M

dy

=Z

e

x f

bd

'.'

b

=Z

e

/Z

p

.'.M

dy

= 352.791 kN-m

T

dg

- Design tensile strength of the section due to yeilding of gross

section

[As per Clause 6.2 of IS 800- 2007]

[From table 14 of IS 800-2007]

L

LT

=1.0L :- for case(v) and normal loading condition

f

cr,b

-extreme fibre bending compressive stress

corresponding to elastic lateral buckling moment

LT

- imperfection parameter

LT

=0.49 for welded steel sections

Buckling class 'b' for cold rolled hollow section

Moment carrying capacity of the section:

f

bd

-design bending compressive stress

f

bdy

-design bending compressive stress @ yy axis

h

f

- c/c distance between flanges

b

for semi-compact section

[As per Clause 8.2.2 of IS 800- 2007]

Axial tensile load carrying capacity of column:

-As the section is tube section, considering tensile strength due to yielding of gross section:

-Effective length for lateral torsional buckling

t

f

-thickness of the flange

[As per Table9(b); IS 800- 2007 for f

y

-410MPa]

'.' The compression flange of the column is unrestrained,

Moment carrying capacity @ minor i.e. YY axis

[As per Table 15 of IS 800-2007]

r

y

- radius of gyration @ minor (weaker) axis

[From table 13(b) of IS 800-2007, for f

y

=410MPa ]

I

dg

=

A

g

y

mo

L

LT

= 3500 mm

r

z

= 138.622 mm

L

LT

/r

y

= 25.249

h

f

= 392 mm

t

f

= 8 mm

h

f

/t

f

= 49.000

f

cr,b

= 3869.383

LT

=

0.49

f

bdz

= 372.7 MPa

M

dz

=Z

e

x f

bd

'.'

b

=Z

e

/Z

p

.'.M

dz

= 352.791 kN-m

N

d

, M

dy

, M

dz

- force & moment carrying capacity of the section

N= 127.2 kN

61.842 kN

M

y

= 3.59 kN-m

M

z

= 197.77 kN-m

P

d

= 3552.565 kN

T

dg

= 3672.119 kN

M

dy

= 352.791 kN-m

M

dz

= 352.791 kN-m

= 0.607

[From table 13(b) of IS 800-2007, for f

y

=410MPa ]

t

f

-thickness of the flange

r

z

- radius of gyration @ major (stronger) axis

Moment carrying capacity @ major i.e. ZZaxis

Check for compression:-

Sectional strength:-

Maxm. applied tensile force on the section

corresponding to elastic lateral buckling moment

LT

- imperfection parameter

LT

=0.49 for welded steel sections

Maxm. applied compressive force on the section

Maxm. applied moment on the section @ major axis

f

cr,b

-extreme fibre bending compressive stress

*Due to similar properties of the c/s @ both axes, the moment carrying capacity of the section is same about

both the axes.

here; N

d

=P

d

Hence, SAFE

L

LT

=1.0L :- for case(v) and normal loading condition

[From table 14 of IS 800-2007]

f

bdz

-design bending compressive stress @ zz axis

[As per Clause 9.3.1.3 of IS 800 -2007]

-For semi-compact sections, the following check needs to satisfied.

N, M

y

,M

z

- applied forces & moments on the section

Maxm. applied moment on the section @ minor axis

-Effective length for lateral torsional buckling

[As per Table 15 of IS 800-2007]

h

f

- c/c distance between flanges

N

N

d

+

H

H

d

+

H

z

H

dz

1.0

N

N

d

+

H

H

d

+

H

z

H

dz

= 0.588

= 1

T= 61.842 kN Maxm. tensile force

M

y

= 3.59 kN-m

M

z

= 197.77 kN-m

= -2.3518 kN-m

M

eff,y

< M

d

OK

= 191.8282 kN-m

M

eff,z

< M

d

OK

=(M

2

/M

1

)= 0

C

my

= 0.6 C

mz

= 0.6

C

mLT

= 0.6

P= 127.2 kN Maxm. compressive force

M

y

= 3.59 kN-m

M

z

= 197.77 kN-m

P

dy

= 3552.565 kN

P

dz

= 3552.565 kN

M

dy

= 352.791 kN-m

M

dz

= 352.791 kN-m

M

eff,y

-reduced effective moment @ major axis in tension

M

eff,z

-reduced effective moment @ minor axis in tension

Check for Tension:-

Overall Member Strength:-

Bending and axial tension:

Bending and axial compression:

= 0.8 if T and M can vary independently,otherwise 1

*Due to similar properties of the c/s @ both axes, the axial compressive force carrying capacity of the section is

same about both the axes.

[As per Cl 9.3.2.1, IS800- 2007]

T,M- factored applied tension and moment respectively

-Thus, the reduced effective moment under tension is not exceeding the bending strength due to lateral

torsional buckling

[As per Cl 9.3.2.2, IS800- 2007]

[Table 18 of IS 800- 2007]

here; N

d

=T

dg

Hence, SAFE

[As per Clause 9.3.2 of IS 800 -2007]

N

N

d

+

H

H

d

+

H

z

H

dz

H

c]],

=[H

IZ

c

A

]

H

c]],z

=[H

z

IZ

cz

A

]

n

y

=

0.0358

n

z

= 0.0358

= 0.2911 = 4838.12 MPa

= 0.2911 = 4838.12 MPa

K

y

= 0.9928

Kz= 1.0000

K

LT

=

= 0.3255 f

cr,b

= 3869.383

K

LT

= 0.997

= 0.6006 < 1 SAFE

= 0.3758 < 1 SAFE

n

y

, n

z

-ratio of actual applied axial force to design axial strength for

buckling @ minor & major axis respectively

*

y

,

z

-Non dimensional slenderness ratio

f

cc

- Euler's buckling stress

[As per Clause 7.1.2, IS800- 2007]

LT

- Non dimensional slenderness ratio for lateral torsional buckling @ weaker axis

K

z

=1+(

z

-0.2)n

z

1 +0.8n

z

K

y

=1+(

y

-0.2)n

y

1 +0.8n

y

cc

z

=

cc

cc

=

n

2

E

kI

r

2

cc

=

n

2

E

kI

r

2

zz

1

0.1

L1

n

C

mL1

0.25

1

0.1n

C

mL1

0.25

L1

=

c,b

P

P

d

+ K

C

m

H

H

d

+K

L1

H

z

H

dz

P

P

dz

+0.6K

C

m

H

H

d

+K

z

C

mz

H

z

H

dz

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