PENGERTIAN MANAJEMEN DAN MANAJER

Pengertian manajemen bervariasi menurut pendapat berbagai pakar manajemen, namun pada dasarnya adalah sama. Berikut ini beberapa pengertian manajemen : Stoner,James A.F,Management,Prentice Hall International,Inc.London,1978. “Management is the process of planning,organizing,leading and controlling the effort of organizational members and the use of other operational resources in order to achieve stated organizational goals” Richard M.Hodgetts, Introduction to Business, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company,Inc,1981. “Management is the process of getting things done through people” Koontz Harold,Heinz Weihrich,Management,Mc Graw-Hill,1988. “Management is thr process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individuals, working together in groups, accomplish effesiciently selected aims” Pearce II John.A,Richard.B.Robinson,Jr,Management,USA Mc Grow-Hill international Edition,1989. “Management is the process of optimizing human, material and financial contributions for the achievement og organizational goals” Stoner,James A.F,Edward R.Freeman, and Danial.R,Gilbert Jr,Management Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hall Inc.(Sixth Edtion),1995. “Management is the process of planning organization, leading and controlling the work of organizational members and of using all resources to available organizational resources to reach stated organizational goals” Schermerhorn Jr, John R,Management USA, John Wiley & The Sons, Inc, 1996. “Management is the process of planning,organization, leading, and controlling the use of resources to Accoumplish performance goals” Dari berbagai pengertian manajemen, dapat dibaca adanya persamaan, yaittu semulainya dengan—Is the process of—dan berakhir dengan –dan berakhir dengan __Goal.