English Literacy

Dyslexia is a learning disability that manifests primarily as a difficulty with written language, particularly with reading and spelling. It is different from deficiency with vision or hearing, or from poor or inadequate reading instruction. Evidence also suggests that dyslexia results from differences in how the brain processes written and/or spoken language. Although dyslexia is the result of a neurological difference, it is not an intellectual disability. Dyslexia occurs at all levels of intelligence and famous dyslexics include Albert Einstein and Tom Cruise. The word dyslexia comes from the Greek words δυσ- dys- ("impaired") and λέξις lexis ("word").

Vocabulary Please match up the following words with the definitions: Dyslexia
words The ability to read, write speak and understand

Literacy secure Take (something) for granted Precarious (A problem that) blights (someone) Stigma Refuse

Something that is not stable or
Dyslexia is a learning disability that alters the way the brain processes written material.

Rubbish Something that causes a lot of problems To fail to appreciate Social disapproval

Dyslexia is one of the main causes of adult illiteracy. If undiagnosed, children can miss out on special treatments that can help the condition.

English Literacy
Adult Illiteracy in Britain If you’re reading this article, the chances are you take literacy for granted. You probably don’t think twice about what an important part of your life the ability to read and write plays. But not every adult in the UK is like you. In fact, there are more than five million people out there who have a reading age of 12 or under and some of those cannot read at all. For these adults, literacy is a distant dream. They’ve education them the precarious managed system basics and to that and come didn’t it’s through even left them an in teach From



dealing with bills and letters, helping with homework, shopping and finding work, this illiteracy blights nearly every aspect of their lives, especially their self-esteem. Ashamed and embarrassed, many keep the fact that they can't read a secret, sometimes even from their own family. Teacher Phil Beadle, is the star of Channel 4’s “Can’t Read, Can’t Write”. His class includes Teresa and James, a 28-year-old plumber who lives with his mother and the only word he can read is ‘egg’. That more than 100,000 children leave school each year in the UK without being able to read and write is a tragic scandal. Teresa is a 58year-old mother who can’t read at all. She finds even the most mundane of tasks nerve-wracking and is reduced to tears by her inability to shop
58-year-old Teresa, who burst into tears when faced with a reading test in her first lesson

for her family on her own.

There is a stigma

attached to adult learning and, in the case of illiterate adults, you are dealing with people who’ve slipped through the educational net for

their entire lives.

English Literacy
Questions The article above describes a new television show on British Television. 1. How many adults in the UK have a reading age under 12? 2. How many children in the UK leave the educational system illiterate? 3. “There is a stigma surrounding adults learning to read and write.” Do you agree with this statement? Is the same true in Japan?

Sweeping Away Illiteracy: Video Report A centre that has helped hundreds of street sweepers and refuse collectors learn to read and write is to open to the public. Dagenham’s “Frizlands learning centre” was set up three years ago to help staff improve levels of literacy. Watch the BBC video. Take notes and be prepared to answer some questions. Questions 1. The first person interviewed, Group Manager Mickey Neal, talks about some of the problems caused by low literacy levels within his staff. Write some examples below:

2. He gives an example of a member of staff who has not become a manager. What age did he leave school? What happened to him last year?

3. The second person interviewed, has been taking adult literacy classes. In what ways did his problems reading and writing affect him?

English Literacy
4. The third person is an Area Manager. What did he start out doing?

English Literacy
Group Question For who else is reading and writing languages a problem? Languages. Brainstorm for 2 minutes in a group and produce a list of people who might struggle with

Individual/Pair work On the table there are three articles. Choose one, take notes and please be prepared to summarise and present the article later to the class. Vocabulary 1. Digital Cam Translates In A Snap Prototype Redundant Plaque Wi-Fi Experimental build of (something) Needless, unnecessary A type of sign, i.e. “Wall Plaque” Wire-free networking, for computers

2. 100m Spent On Translation – BBC News Investigation (To) incur To promote Cohesion Refuse NHS Interpreter person 3. Hitting 40 Languages (Google Press Release) Goal Definition (of a word) Initiative Degree Aim, Target Meaning, explanation of a word New idea, project Extent, amount of (something) To receive (e.g. incur costs) To encourage Linking together, connection Rubbish (garbage) National Health Service (British Hospitals) A person who translates for two parties in