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5390 - 1 - Page 1 MOTION IN A PLANE PRACTICE QUESTIONS 1) A ball rolls down a curved ramp as shown in the diagram below.

Which dotted line best represents the path of the ball after leaving the ramp?

A) B 2)

B) A

C) D

D) C

A projectile is fired a velocity of 150. meters per second at an angle of 30 with the horizontal. What is the magnitude of the vertical component of the velocity at the time the projectile is fired? A) 150. m/s B) 130. m/s C) 75.0 m/s D) 225 m/s Four cannonballs, each with mass M and initial velocity V , are fired from a cannon at different angles relative to the Earth. Neglecting air friction, which angular direction of the cannon produces the greatest projectile height? A) 20 B) 70 C) 45 D) 90

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Questions 4 through 6 refer to the following: The diagram below represents a ball being kicked by a foot and rising at an angle of 30. from the horizontal. The ball has an initial velocity of 5.0 meters per second. [Neglect friction.]

4) 5) 6)

What is the magnitude of the horizontal component of the ball's initial velocity? A) 4.3 m/s B) 5.0 m/s C) 2.5 m/s D) 8.7 m/s As the ball rises, the vertical component of its velocity A) remains the same B) decreases C) increases

If the angle between the horizontal and the direction of the 5.0 meters-per-second velocity decreases from 30. to 20. , the horizontal distance the ball travels will A) remain the same B) increase C) decrease

5390 - 1 - Page 2 7) A projectile is launched at an angle of 60 above the horizontal. Compared to the vertical component of the initial velocity of the projectile, the vertical component of the projectile's velocity when it has reached its maximum height is A) less B) the same C) greater A ball is fired vertically upward at 5.0 meters per second from a cart moving horizontally to the right at 2.0 meters per second. Which vector best represents the resultant velocity of the ball when fired? A) B) C) D)

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Questions 9 through 11 refer to the following: A cannon fires a projectile at an angle with the horizontal. The horizontal component of the projectile's initial velocity is 866 meters per second and its initial vertical component is 500. meters per second. [Neglect air resistance.] 9) What is the shape of the path that the projectile will follow? A) hyperbolic B) straight C) parabolic D) circular

10) After 5.00 seconds, what is the vertical component of the projectile's velocity? A) 451 m/s B) 500. m/s C) 49.0 m/s D) 549 m/s 11) The maximum height to which the projectile rises is approximately A) 1.54 10 4 m C) 4.42 10 4 m B) 2.50 10 3 m D) 1.28 10 4 m 12) A 3.0-kilogram mass is traveling in a circle of 0.20-meter radius with a speed of 2.0 meters per second. What is its centripetal acceleration? A) 20. m/s2 B) 10. m/s2 C) 6.0 m/s2 D) 60. m/s2 13) Two masses, A and B , move in circular paths as shown in the diagram below.

The centripetal acceleration of mass A , compared to that of mass B , is A) four times as great C) twice as great

5390 - 1 - Page 3 Questions 14 through 17 refer to the following: At an amusement park, a passenger whose mass is 50. kilograms rides in a cage. The cage has a constant speed of 10. meters per second in a vertical circular path of radius R , equal to 10. meters.

14) What is the magnitude of the centripetal acceleration of the passenger? A) 1.0 m/s2 C) 2.0 10 3 m/s2 B) 5.0 10 2 m/s2 D) 10. m/s2 15) What is the direction of the centripetal acceleration of the passenger at the instant the cage reaches the highest point in the circle? A) down C) to the left B) to the right D) up 16) What does the 50.-kilogram passenger weigh at rest? A) 1600 N B) 490 N C) 0 N 17) What is the magnitude of the centripetal force acting on the passenger? A) 50. N C) 0 N B) 4.9 10 2 N D) 5.0 10 2 N 18) A motorcycle of mass 100 kilograms travels around a flat, circular track of radius 10 meters with a constant speed of 20 meters per second. What force is required to keep the motorcycle moving in a circular path at this speed? A) 4000 N B) 2000 N C) 400 N D) 200 N D) 50. N

5390 - 1 - Page 4 19) In the diagrams below, P represents a planet and S represents the Sun. Which best represents the path of planet P as it orbits the Sun? [The diagrams are not drawn to scale.]

A)

C)

B)

D)

20) The shapes of the paths of the planets about the Sun are all A) circles with the Sun at the center C) circles with the Sun off center B) ellipses with the Sun at the center D) ellipses with the Sun at one focus 21) Gravitational force of attraction F exists between two point masses A and B when they are separated by a fixed distance. After mass A is tripled and mass B is halved, the gravitational attraction between the two masses is A) 6F B) F C) F D) F 22) A 50-kilogram student, standing on the earth, attracts the Earth with a force closest to A) 50 newtons C) 5 newtons B) 500 newtons D) 0 newtons 23) A satellite orbits the Earth in a circular orbit. Which statement best explains why the satellite does not move closer to the center of the Earth? A) The satellite is always moving perpendicularly to the force due to gravity. B) The Earth's gravity keeps the satellite moving with a constant velocity. C) The gravitational field of the Earth does not reach the satellite's orbit. D) The satellite does not have any weight.