Bypass and Drain Connections

Standard Practice Developed and Approved by the ManufacturersStandardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc. 127 Park Street, NE Vienna, Virginia 22180 (703) 281-6613

COPYRIGHT Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Licensed by Information Handling Services

MSS PRACTICESTANDARD SP-45 An MSS Standard Practice is intended as a basis for common practice by the manufacturer.S.S. the user. All footnotes appearing in this document are construed as “supplemental” wheretheir information does not modify the text to which they refer. annexes. Credit lines should read ‘ExtractedfromMSS SP-45-1998. or public law.A. tables. Mandatory conformance is established only by referencein a code. unless otherwise specified. Originally approved July 1953 Copyright O. Printed inU. Inc. 1982 by Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry. U. and. The existence of an MSS Standard Practice does notin itself preclude the manufacture. Inc. Non-toleranced dimensions in this Standard Practice are nominal. sale. and the general public. or use of products not conforming to the Standard Practice. i COPYRIGHT Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Licensed by Information Handling Services . I Substantive changes in this 1998 edition are “flagged” as shown on the margins of this paragraph. specification.’ Reprohction prohibited under copyright convention unless written permission is granted by the Manufacturers Standardization Societyof the Valve and Fittings Industry. shall be considered “for reference only”. and are considered part of the text unless noted as “supplemental”. with permissionofthepublisher. as applicable. and figures are construed to be essential to the understanding of the message. n. sales contract. In this Standard Practice all notes.theManufacturersStandardizationSociety. customary units in this SP are the standard. The specificdetail of the change may be determined by comparing the material flagged with that in the previous I Any part of thisstandardmay be quoted. the metric units are for reference only.

Bosses on steelcastings of that periodpresented a morecomplexproblem than castings of other metals and the diversification of requests in regard to size. MSSSP-5was originally adopted in1924 and applied to steelgatevalvesonly. IThe 1998 edition added metric units.MSS P R A C T I C ES T A N D A R D SP-45 FOREWORD The 1953 edition of MSS SP-45-1953 By-pass and Drain Connection Standard was a By-pass Size Standard combination of two former MSS Standard Practices. globe and angle patterns. standards so thatthe userhasall The 1953 edition of MSS SP-45combinedthesetwo information pertaining to by-pass and drain connections in a single document. The 1987 edition was a reaffmation of the 1982 edition with no substantive change.Twosetsofby-passsizeswereestablished. MSS SP-5-1944 and MSS-SP-28-1943 Drain Tapping Standard. The 1992edition changed the title. standard maximum sizes for unbossed tappings and standard locations with standard symbols to at whichtime a standard method of designate the location. MSS SP-28wasrevisedin1945 designating openings of reducing fittings was added. In this edition the newer methods of making attachments. As the subject matter of these two standards is so closely related they were combined as a convenience to the user. The subject matter was confined to by-passesonlyand standard locations were established for the by-pass on each type ofvalve. In preparing this edition. The 1971 edition expanded the coverageof the document byincludingcoverage of ball valves.SP-28established standard drain sizes for eachsizevalve and fitting. The 1976 edition expanded the coverage of the bypass sizes to include valves through NPS 48 and thedocument has been metricized. such as butt-weld and socket-weld have been recognized. of boss and the pipe thread size for steel gate valvesinsizes 3 to 24 inchinclusive. and made several editorial and format changes.Thebosseswereintended to beused for both by-pass and drain connections.with and without bosses. The original standard established the number of bosses. location and number of bosses on the part ofusers prompted the MSS to initiate a standardization program on the subject. In 1937 a new edition of SF5 was adopted. This standard was also periodically reaffirmed. The 1982 edition expanded the coverage of the documentto include plug valves. the entire standard wasreviewed and up-dated to keeppace with the expanding technology.D. removed metric units and made several editorial changes. one for the purpose of warming up main lines before opening the main valve and one for the purpose of balancing the pressure on both sides of the mainvalve to facilitate its operation. 11 1 COPYRIGHT Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Licensed by Information Handling Services . MSS SP-28was originally adopted in1937 and was also prompted by the variety of user requests for connections on valves and fittings at odd locations andvaryingsizes. This edition was greatlyexpanded over the original and 'included both cast iron and steel valves in the gate. minimum O. The edition has been periodically reaffirmed up to the promulgation of the new MSS SP-45.

TABLE 1 1......................... LOCATIONANDSYMBOLS ....... STANDARDDRAINSIZES ................ 3..................... BOSSES ....................... REDUCINGFITTINGS .................................... STANDARDDRAINSIZES ....... CONNECTION DIMENSIONS ................... 1 BYPASS SIZE ................... 8 ..................... 7 1 iii COPYRIGHT Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Licensed by Information Handling Services ...................................................... 1 1 1 6..................... 6 .................... WELDING SOCKET DIMENSIONS ........................... 1 1................................................................................................... ........ 4 5 -METHOD OF DESIGNATING LOCATION OF OPENING FOR DRAINS& BYPASSES ..........................METHOD OF DESIGNATING LOCATION OF OPENING FOR DRAINS ..............MSS P R A C T I C ES T A N D A R D SP-45 TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION PAGE FOREWORD ..........................................................BOSSES ........... 2 2.......... ................................................................................................. 3............................................... STANDARD BYPASS SIZES .......... 1ANNEXA-REFERENCEDSTANDARDS ..... 4. 7....... 4 1 FIGURE 1 -?MINIMUMTHREAD LENGTH 3 2.............................................................. 5..................................................................................................... 3 3"BUTI"WELD 4 4 ........... 5 6 ..................................... TABLE OFCONTENTS ....................................... u 1 1 1 .............................................. 2.................................... BYPASS LOCATIONS DRAIN & BYPASS CONNECTION DIMENSIONS ..........................................2 3 3 3 ............... SCOPE ..........................................................

600 LOCATION AND SYMBOLS 2. 2. specifications. requisitions. SCOPE I 1. of standard symbols forthe locations of openings for drain and bypass connections recognized as standard.2 Specific requirements covered I 3. except where unusual service conditions warrant consideration of a special then the installation of the bypass aróund the main valve is recommended wherever possible. bypass and thread lengths in drain d) Minimum diameter and depth of socketweld connection for drain and bypass. oversize bypass.MSS P R A C T I C ES T A N D A R D SP-45 BYPASS AND DRAINCONNECTIONS 1. f) Bosses for I NPS 2-4 5-8 TABLE 1 . and other instruments used in the transactions of business. 1 COPYRIGHT Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Licensed by Information Handling Services .100 NPS 1/2 314 1 I connection. byspecified tappings. e) Butt-welding connection for drain and bypass. STANDARD DRAlN SlZES fittings require and valves drain openings. g) Methodfor designating outlets of reducing fittings.1 Figures 5 and 6 illustrate the application 4. Minimum c) purchaser. the size of bypass shall be as shown in Table 2. 125-200 10 .1 This Standard Practice coversconneG tions to valves and fittings to accommodate drains and bypasses in all pressure classes. a) Standard Symbols and locations of openings for drains and bypasses.24 250 .DRAIN SIZES 1 DN 15 20 25 I Valve or Fitting Size drain and bypass ’ Drain Size DN 50. it is recommended that the manufacturer be consulted as to their practicability. . These symbols should be regularly employed on drawings. STANDARD BYPASS SlZES When valves are ordered with bypass attached. are: 2. and both the inquiry and the order should be accompanied with a sketch indicating the location upon thefitting or valve body.2 When a tap is required at some other location. 1.they are regularlyfurnishedwith the size shown in Table I unless otherwise b) Standard size of drains andbypass When openings.

5.” Right-hand sideof a globe valve is the side at the right. The more common of the “Special” attached locations is on the center of the flow line. This is designated as the “bottom attachment.3 Angle Valves. Series B is for lines conveying gases or liquids where bypassing may facilitate the operation of the main valve by balancing the pressure on both sides of the disc or discs. If location of bypassis important its location should be specified according to Figure 5. These larger sizes may be of the bolted on type. When angle valves are ordered with bypass attached. it shall be regular practice to attach the bypass at the side of the main valve with the stems of both valves pointing upward.MSS P R A C T I C ES T A N D A R D SP-45 I TABLE 2 -BYPASS SIZES I 10 (250) 12 (300) 14 (350) 16 (400) 18 (450) 1 I 1 1 -~ 24 (600) 30 (750) 36 (900) 42 (1100) 48 (1200) I 1 1 1 I I (25) (25) (25) (25) (25) 20 (500) (25) (25) (25) (25) (25) 2 2 3 3 3. When bypass may be “specially” required attached at the left-hand side. (see Figure 5 locations C & D) with the stem of the bypassvalve at right angles to the main valve stem. . 5.2 Globe Valves. it shall be standard practice to attach the bypass at the side of the main valve with the stems of both valves pointing upward. at the bottom of the main valve. pointing vertically upward. 5.” or defined as “bypass at the bottom. 5. When globe valves are ordered with bypass attached. it shall be regular practiceto attach bypass at the back of the main valve. pointing may be vertically upward.(seeFigure locations E & F) with the stems of both valves parallel. 4 4 6 6 8. (see Figure 5 locations E & F) with the stems of both parallel. itis standard practice to attach the bypass at the side of the and check valve so that the bypass valve stem the checkvalve cap both point upward. When check valves are ordered with bypass attached.“ When any other “special attached location” or other position of the bypass valve stem is desired. If location of bypass is important its location should be specified according to Figure 5. BYPASS LOCATIONS 5. I Gate Valves. (50) (50) 5. (see Figure 5 locationsC & D and A & B respectively) the designation shall be “right-hand attachment” or “left-hand attachment. when facing the flow port which leads to the underside of the disc. when facing the back of the valve.4 Check Valves. (see Figure 5 locations A & B) the designation shallbe“left-hand attachment. (80) (80) (80) (100) (100) (150) (150) (200) 1 NOTES: (al Series A is forpreheating the piping system. a sketch should be sent to the manufacturer.(normally with steam) before opening main valve and for balancing pressures where lines are of limited volume. When bypass “specia1ly”required attached at the right-hand or left-hand side.5 Ball Valves. 2 COPYRIGHT Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Licensed by Information Handling Services . it shall be regular practice to attach bypass at the right5 handsideof the mainvalve. When ball valves are ordered with bypass attached.” Right-hand side of an angle valve is at the right. When gate valves are ordered with bypass attached.

should be located on thehandwheel side. 8. Connections may be made by butt-welding directly to the wall of the fitting orvalve. Where external pipe threads.1 ” Minimum Thread Length Figure 1 3 Welding Socket Dimensions Figure 2 COPYRIGHT Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Licensed by Information Handling Services . a boss is required. or the next smaller size as shown in Table 1. the bypass.pipe threadsinaccordance with ASME Bl.wherepossible.MSS P R A C T I C ES T A N D A R D SP-45 5. 6.2 The size of thedrain opening ona reducing fitting shall be governed by the size of the adjacent outlet.a boss is required. Sockets (socket-welding) may REDUCING FITTINGS 8. such as “G” on a reducer. 7 . be provided in the wall of a fitting or valve if the metal thickness is sufficient to allow the depth of socket specifiedin Table 3. the diameter shall be not less than those shown in Figure 4. These lengths are equal to the effective thread lengths of tapered B 1.1.ASME B1. Where the wall thickness is insufficient. Metal thickness shall be sufficient to allow the effective thread length specified in Table3. or 8. ASME wall thickness is insufficient or the tapped hole needs reinforcement. itssize shall be governed by the average of the drain openings which would be used for the largest and smallest outlet.1 Pipe Threads. I 8. using the drain opening size which is standard.20.3 Butt Welds. seeTable 3. DRAIN & BYPASS CONNECTION DIM~NSIONS~ the size of socket requires opening reinforcement. t A i NOTE: “L” is equal to the effective thread lengthof American National Standard external pipe threads. position any other location should be specified according to Figure 5. Pipe threads shall be tapered. If the main valve should have a handwheel on the side of the valve.20.1 When a drain opening is required on the side of a reducing fitting whose side is axis of the drain opening should tapered. 6. 1 BOSSES 1 When a boss is required to meet the thicknesses in Table 3.20.3 When a tap is required on a reducing fitting at a point centrally located.itshall be standardpractice to attachthe bypass at the side of the main valve with the stems of both valves pointing upward.6 Plug Valves.1. If is required. the be at right angles to the centerline of the fitting.2 Sockets. When plug valves are ordered with bypass attached. 6.

MSS P R A C T I C ES T A N D A R D SP-45 1 TABLE 3 -CONNECTION DIMENSIONS I t Butt-weld Figure 3 I 1 Bosses Figure 4 I 4 COPYRIGHT Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Licensed by Information Handling Services .

MSS P R A C T I C ES T A N D A R D SP-45 I K (ON SAME SIDE AS E & F A N D OPPOSITE J) O r68 GATE VALVE c GLOBE VALVE ABD C CHECK VALVE BALL VALVE ANGLE VALVE E&F Opposite " 9 D o p p t eC ABB I l PLUG VALVES Method of Designating Locationof Openings for DrainsBi Bypasses Figure 5 5 COPYRIGHT Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Licensed by Information Handling Services .

MSS P R A C T I C ES T A N D A R D SP-45 e. with the exceptionof the side outlet elbow and the side outlet tee (straight sizes). Method of Designating Location of Openings for Drains Figure 6 6 COPYRIGHT Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Licensed by Information Handling Services . t f CROSS ST RAICHT SIZE CROSS REDUCING SIZE 4 S 0 LATERAL STRAIGHT SIZE N BASE T E E DOUBLE BRANCH ELBOW R EDC~CER 459ELBOW TRUE "Y" CCCENTRK REOUCER Note: The above sketches showtwo views of the same fitting and represent fittings with symmetrical shapes.

NY 100165990 7 COPYRIGHT Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Licensed by Information Handling Services . ANSI. New York.20. General Purpose (Inch) REFERENCED ORGANIZATION ASME The Amerim Society of Mechanicd Engineers Three Park Avenue.1-1993(R 1992) Pipe Threads. ASME/ANSI B1. Standard Name andDesignation ASME. ANSI/ASME.MSS PRACTICE STANDARD SP-45 [ ANNEXA REFERENCED STANDARDS AND APPLICABLE DATES This annex is an integral part of this Standard Practice which is placed after the main text for convenience.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful