# Wingeom - Basics

Wingeom - Basics
for preparing geometric diagrams for the web

I am developing a web site explaining various mathematical processes that interest me. As part of this exercise I need to draw many geometric diagrams,and I tried several tools, including · · · · Open Office Draw Serif DrawPlus Paint.Net Google Sketchup

But in the end decided to use Wingeom.

Wingeom
This fascinating program was developed by a teacher (R D Parris I think) at Phillips Exeter Academy, in Exeter, NH USA and appears to still be active. You can download for free from http://math.exeter.edu/rparris/wingeom.html There are other related programs that are also distributed free under the name of Peanuts Software. I expect that I will also be using their Winplot program.

Reason for document
I often find I can spend some hours of work determining how to do some action or other and when I want to do it again some week or months later, cannot remember how I did it and have to spend the same time figuring it out again. So now I have developed the practise of recording things as I do them, this may take the form of · · · · Taking a screen shot Entry in blog Page on web site PDF document

The above is in ascending order of difficulty and/or size. This is the first document I have written for Wingeom and will add to it as I learn more in one of the above four ways, and link them all together through my Maths Tools for Web Development Blog. It is basically an annotated collection of screen shots.

RoderickT - March 2009

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Wingeom - Basics

Wingeom has a two phase startup. First screen contains a tip, which I read and then close.

You need to select either 2 or 3 dimensional drawing. To date I have not needed 3D, so select Windows -> 2D. Note: In typical Windows fashion if there is a shortcut key it is shown in the menu. In this case it is F2

This is the standard work window of Wingeom. It can be resized in the usual windows method by dragging its side or corners.

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Wingeom - Basics

In the process of drawing you often need to switch to various modes. This can be achieved by selecting the Btns menu, but I prefer to have this menu open as a toolbox which can be achieved by selecting the Toolbar option in the Btns menu. I then drag this toolbar just off to the right of the Wingeom window.

The x,y axes can be turned on and off.

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Wingeom - Basics

My screen layout is now as above. Select Point and then Coordinates to display following window where you can enter the coordinates of points you want to create.

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Wingeom - Basics

You can also add pints by having Btns in Segments mode and clicking right hand button. To connect the points A,B,C with lines with arrows to show general directions select Line - Rays and add them to the list in the box provided. Alternatively set Btns to Rays and connect by dragging mouse with left button clicked from D to A, D to B and D to C

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Wingeom - Basics

To add arrows to these rays select Edit > Highlights > Markings In the markings box click the down arrow at the bottom left and select ray/vector, type in the and points of the ray in the “Where” box in the line above. In my case I did not want solid arrows. To change this deselect the “Other” menu and deselect “Solid arrowheads..” see next page.

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Wingeom - Basics

To rearrange the diagram so that it concentrates on the important pieces select View > Window. The result is shown in the window below. It does not look a lot different from the previous one because I cropped the screenshot to fit the page, in its entirety it has a lot of waste space in the lower half. Note Alt-W is the shortcut key.

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Wingeom - Basics

If you want to change the diagram, in this example I have moved point C up and to the left. To do this first select “drag vertices” in the Btns Toolbar. This so far is a very simple drawing and the power of this command is shown in more advanced drawings. It maintains all the links you have set, which in our simple drawing is just the ray from D to C.

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Wingeom - Basics

Add point E on DC
Select Point > on Segment In the “new point” identify the segment CD and specify1/5 of the way along segment from C towards D. Alternatively just confirm that Btns is set to Segment and right click where the new point is to be, and as long as it is close to the segment it should snap onto it.

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Wingeom - Basics

Draw Perpendicular
Select Line > Perpendiculars > Altitudes And in the “draw altitude “ box identify the line that it is to be perpendicular to, and the point through which it is to pass.

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Wingeom - Basics

Change Point Letter
Set Btns to “text edit” Place mouse over the letter to be changed and right click and in the “new label..” box type the required letter. To move the letter to another position click left button and drag.

Remove axes
Select Window > View > Axes to switch axes on and off. Short cut key is Ctrl+A

The following shows drawing after axes removed, various letters changed and additional perpendiculars are added.

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Wingeom - Basics

Intersection Point
Select Line > Coordinates > Line-Line In the “intersection” box type the lines that cause the intersection. Alternatively just use right button when over the intersection

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Wingeom - Basics

Line attributes
Select Edit > Highlites > Line Attributes This opens the “line attributes” and the colours boxes. Type in the lines to change and select thickness and colour and click on apply. Note I discovered that if thickness is greater than one then solid is the only line style that is used, even though others may be specified. I suspect this is a bug.

Mistake
Now this was not the result I was hoping for, I did not want the whole ray changed but rather just the segments ON,OD and OP. To rectify this you need to delete the rays and build the segments first, as shown in following pages.

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Wingeom - Basics

Delete line
Select Edit > Delete > Line and in the “delete line” box identify the lines to be deleted. I deleted OD which removed the whole ray. This time build segment first, select Line > Segments, and rebuilt segments OD and OM by using Line > Segment and typing in names in “segment” box. Finally rebuild ray and add arrow as before. Repeat for OB and OC.

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Wingeom - Basics

Line attributes are now restricted to the required segments.

Rebuild the rays.

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Wingeom - Basics

Result after rays built and line attributes are modified. Note that OM is dashed.

Save
Don’t forget to save regularly.

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Background Colour
Select Other > Colors > Background And then select colour from colour box. I selected white.

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Fonts
I wanted a larger font for the letters so that when I reduced size of final image suitable for web page the letters would not become hard to read. Select Edit > Labels > Font And then make appropriate choices in the font box. Note. Alternatively you can turn off labels when finished and rewrite them after the drawing has been resized in an image manipulation program, like Faststone Image Viewer, Paint.Net, PhotoShop etc. To do this select Edit > Labels >letters on/off Or use shortcut key Alt+L

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Adding angle arcs
In mathematical diagrams one often needs to mark angles with a small arc near their vertices. This is achieved by selecting Edit > Highlights > Markings And then in the “Markings” box click on the down arrow for the type and select “angle arc”. Type in the identity of the angles, one at a time (you do not need to prefix with angle sign < or use upper case) and click on mark.

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Wingeom - Basics

Free text
Text can be entered anywhere on the drawing. Make sure that Btns is set to text, right click where you want the text to be and the “edit text” box will appear where you can type in the required text.

Font
By clicking on the Font box within the “edit text” window you can choose font and set details. The settings are remembered for the next time you enter text. I used this to enter x and y for the angle arcs.

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Wingeom - Basics

Adjusting Highlights
As an example to change arc size. Select Edit > Highlights > Arc radius and set arc radius to required size.

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Wingeom - Basics

Measurements
Although I do not use it in this example you can make various measurements by selecting Meas tab and then entering the id of what you want to measure. The results will be displayed on the drawing top left, but you can drag this to another position if you wish. Note I have found that unlike all the other boxes we have investigated you have to use the correct case So <hon is not the same as <HON.

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Wingeom - Basics

Extending lines
I wanted to extend the line OM to the left, just for visual effect. Select Line > Extensions and then identify line in the “extensions on/off” box.

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Wingeom - Basics

Perpendicular bracket
It aids understanding to indicate perpendicular lines. This is achieved by selecting Edit > Highlights > Markings And in the markings box click down arrow for type and select “perp bracket”. Identify angle in the where box and click on mark.

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Wingeom - Basics

Final drawing is shown below.

Metafile
As well as saving drawing in its own Wingeom format you can save as a an emf file (Extended Windows Metafile Format). This can be opened directly by other programs such as Open Office and MS Office. Note. The Wingeom saves files as xxx.wg2 and wg2 is also used by IBMLotus for spread sheet files and are of course not compatible

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Wingeom - Basics

Preparing for web page
I use PNG (Portable Network Graphic) files for my web diagrams. To convert to this type I copy final drawing as a bit map and type it into an image manipulation program, such as Paint.Net, Photoshop or Serif PhotoPlus. Before copying I make sure the High Resolution is turned on. Whilst the image manipulation program I may take the opportunity to colour fill any parts of the image to help understanding. There are facilities to do this in Wuingeom but I find it quicker to do it afterwards. In Wingeom you select Edit > Highlights > Fill region and type in the are identifiers. Finally I may resize further to make suitable size for online use, making sure that the reduction does not effect legibility.

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Wingeom - Basics

Final Result
After adding some colour to the angle arcs in PhotoPlus to clarify that the upper x refers to angle KPN and not just KPR.

You can see the drawing in my Roderickt - Maths web pages by clicking here.

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