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1
Pini Cohen
EVP & Senior Analyst
Architecture & Infrastructure Strategies
pinicohenstki.blogspot.com
Trends in the Israeli
Infrastructure Market 2009
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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Agenda
• General
– SOI - ser vi ce or i ent ed i nf r ast r uct ur e
– Cl oud Comput i ng
– Open Sour ce and ot her gener al i ssues
– M aj or Tr ends
– Gener al r ecommendat i ons
• Technol ogy domai ns
– Devel opment
– Ent er pr i se Syst em M anagement
– Ser ver s
– Deskt op
– St or age
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Thi s pr esent at i on i s an ext ract i on f r om
t he compl et e 200+ sl i des pr esent at i on.
Lat est ver si on i s i n t he WEB
Some of t he sl i des w i l l be pr esent ed
qui ckl y as a t easer
Thank you f or your hel p i n STKI’s r esear ch
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Scenar i o: Adapt i ng i n Heal t hy Ways, Rat her
Than Fi xat i ng
Adapt i ve or gani zat i ons have a cor e f oundat i on of val ues
and pr i nci pl es t hat keep t hem f r om chasi ng t hei r t ai l s
ever y t i me t act i cal w i nds bl ow
Risk and
Transformat ion
Speed
Qualit y
Cost
Gener al
4
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Agi l i t y at t r i but es
• Economi c agi l i t y
• Technol ogy agi l i t y
– Inf r ast r uct ur e
– Ar chi t ect ur e
– Appl i cat i on por t f ol i o
• Human r esour ce agi l i t y
• Oper at i onal agi l i t y
• Pr ocess agi l i t y
• St r at egi c agi l i t y
• Or gani zat i onal , i nnovat i onal , and
l ear ni ng agi l i t y
Agilit y At t ribut es of t he Adapt ive
Organizat ion
Human
Resource
Agilit y
Technology
Agilit y
Economic
Agilit y
St rat egic
Agilit y
Process
Agilit y
Adapt ive
I T
Organ-
izat ion
Organizat ion
I nnovat ive
Learning
Agilit y
Operat ional
Agilit y
Gener al
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6
What ’s t he Pr obl em Wi t h
Inf rast r uct ur e?
• Cost s t oo much
• Too sl ow
• Not hi ng wor ks t oget her
• Too much st uf f
• Handof f s don’ t wor k
• Too much t heor y or t oo l i t t l e
pract i ce
Infrastructure
Planning
Integration
Testing
Deployment
Installation
Operations Application
Development
The infrastructure as we now it today is very rigid and this
causes very poor utilization (40% or less)
Gener al
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Exampl e of Ser vi ce Def i ni t i on
• Name: Ident i t y i nf rast r uct ur e ser vi ce
• Ow ner : Bob Smi t h, archi t ect
• Descr i pt i on
– Pr ovi di ng user i dent i t y i nf or mat i on (at t r i but es),
i ncl udi ng aut hent i cat i on cr edent i al s and r el at ed
SSO ser vi ces; al so of f er s Web URL per mi ssi ons
• Use case
– Di r ect use by appl i cat i on (LDAP)
– Indi r ect use vi a Web ser ver (w i t h at t r i but e
passi ng i n header s)
– Di r ect use by appl i cat i on (secur i t y APIs)
• Ser vi ce-l evel mat ches
– + Scal abi l i t y (over 500 user s, et c.)
– + Scal e i ncr ement al l y usi ng r epl i cas
– – Di r ect appl i cat i on suppor t
• Pr i ci ng
– “ Incl uded” i n e-busi ness cost s
• Exampl es
– M SFT Act i ve Di r ect or y (NOS f i l e and pr i nt )
– M SFT Passpor t onl i ne ser vi ce
• Pr i nci pl es
– Si mpl e aut hent i cat i on i s usual l y enough
– Repl i cat i on t o scal e (most l y r ead-onl y)
• Component and ser vi ce mani f est
– API: LDAP, Web ser ver exi t s, pr opr i et ar y
– Pr esent at i on: NA
– Appl i cat i on ser ver : NA (see Web SSO)
– Int egr at i on: M et adi r ect or y ut i l i t i es
– Dat abase: i Pl anet Di r ect or y Ser ver
– Ser ver HW/ OS: Sun Sol ar i s on SPARC …
– St or age: EM C SAN
– Net wor k: NA
– Secur i t y: Net egr i t y Si t eM i nder Web SSO
– M anagement : Del egat ed admi n, …
• M at ur i t y
– Inst al l ed si nce 2001 w i t h al l cust omer names
– Used by X, Y, Z apps now
Gener al
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Archival, BU
BU, Archival,
WORM
Fixed Content,
WORM, Archival
Business Critical Mission Critical,
OLTP
Key Environments
days <1 min. <1 sec. <15ms <6ms Seek Time
7.2K 10K-15K 10K-15K rpm
Performance:
1 Million+ 1 Million+ 400K+ 1.2 Million+ 1.2 Million+
Drive/Media
Reliability MTBF
(Hour)
People FC ATA/SATA SCSI/FC
SCSI/FC Drives
Drive Interface
Rack ATL Modular Modular Monolithic Design
Manual
Automated
Capacity
Midrange Enterprise Tier
Tape Disk
Online
Capacity/Arc
hival
St or age Ser vi ces
Gener al
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M any di mensi ons f or each ser vi ce
5 Application
Optimization
5 Asset Management
5 Budget Management
5 Business Continuity
5 Contract Management
5 Contractor
Management
5 Negotiation
Management
5 Service Level
Agreement
Management
5 Hardware Support
5 Infrastructure Planning
5 Security Management
5 SW Distribution
5 Facility Planning
5 Security
5 Capacity Management
5 Inventory Management
5 Network Monitoring
5 Performance
Management
5 Problem Management
5 Production Control
5 SW Management
5 Service Level
Management
5 Workload Monitoring
5 System Monitoring
5 Tape Management
5 Database Adm
5 Change Management
5 Configuration
Management
5 Cost-Recovery
Management
5 Physical DB
Management
5 Disk Storage
Management
5 Job Scheduling
5 Service Request
Management
5 Production
Acceptance
5 QA
5 Test Lab
Management
Policy Architecture Operations
Adaptive
Storage
Resource
Storage
Architecture
Design
Performance
Monitoring
Resource
Allocation
Availability
Assurance
Gener al
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What Ar e t he Benef i t s of a Ensembl e
Inf r ast r uct ur e?
• Technol ogy r euse
– Pat t er n bl uepr i nt s: Ar chi t ect ur e, t echnol ogy,
pr oduct , conf i gurat i on
– Techni cal ser vi ces:
Act ual i mpl ement at i ons
• IT Pr ocess r euse
– Pat t er n mat chi ng
– Ser vi ce suppor t
– Pr edi ct i ve cost i ng
– Exper i ence gai ned: Good and bad pract i ces
• Peopl e r euse
– Fewer t echnol ogy ski l l s speci f i c t o t he pat t er n
– M or e common r ol es f ocused i n f ewer ser vi ce
ar eas
Ensemble
People Technology
Process
P
3
P
1
P
8
P
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2
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4
J
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Today : Too many technologies, too many
processes, not enough people
Gener al
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• Inf r ast r uct ur e ser vi ces ar e ver y appeal i ng
• However i n many cases t hi s i nvol ves:
– Sayi ng “ no”
– Buyi ng “ mor e expensi ve equi pment ” t han needed
Inf r ast r uct ur e Ser vi ces
Gener al
11
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Inf r ast r uct ur e Ser vi ces ar e t he bui l di ng bl ocks
of Ensembl es
Applications
Services
Infrastructure
Services
Puzzl e Bui l der
Gat eway
T
7
T
4
T
8
T
5
T
6
T
2
T
3
T
1
T
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T
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Gener al
Ensemble is a combination of specific Infrastructure Services that enable execution of
specific Mashup for specific Business Process
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Cl oud Comput i ng M odul ar i t y
Desktop as a service
Software as a service
(standard applications)
Platform as a service
(custom applications)
Infrastructure as a service
(compute, storage, network)
Gener al -
Cl oud
13
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• M ul t i t enant . A cl oud ser vi ce must suppor t mul t i pl e, or gani zat i onal l y di st ant
cust omers.
• El ast i ci t y. Tenant s shoul d be abl e t o negot i at e and r ecei ve r esour ces/ QoS on-
demand.
• Resour ce Shar i ng. Ideal l y, spar e cl oud r esour ces shoul d be t ranspar ent l y appl i ed
w hen a t enant ’s negot i at ed QoS i s i nsuf f i ci ent , e.g., due t o spi kes.
• Hor i zont al scal i ng. It shoul d be possi bl e t o add cl oud capaci t y i n smal l i ncr ement s;
t hi s shoul d be t ranspar ent t o t he t enant s of t he ser vi ce.
• M et er i ng. A cl oud ser vi ce must suppor t account i ng t hat r easonabl y ascr i bes
operat i onal and capi t al expendi t ur es t o each of t he t enant s of t he ser vi ce.
• Secur i t y. A cl oud ser vi ce shoul d be secur e i n t hat t enant s ar e not made vul nerabl e
because of l oophol es i n t he cl oud.
• Avai l abi l i t y. A cl oud ser vi ce shoul d be hi ghl y avai l abl e.
• Operabi l i t y. A cl oud ser vi ce shoul d be easy t o operat e, w i t h f ew operat ors.
Operat i ng cost s shoul d scal e l i near l y or bet t er w i t h t he capaci t y of t he ser vi ce.
Requi r ement s f or Cl oud Ser vi ces
http://209.85.129.132/search?q=cache:IRrnbGDGMLsJ:www.cse.iitb.ac.in/co
mad/2008/uploads/K_Raghu_CloudComputing.ppt+Multitenancy+Elasticity+fil
etype:ppt&hl=iw&ct=clnk&cd=2&gl=il&client=firefox-a
http://www.cse.iitb.ac.in/comad/2008/uploads/K_Raghu_CloudComputing.ppt
Gener al -
Cl oud
14
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Amazon EC2
Source: http://aws.amazon.com/ec2/#pricing
Gener al -
Cl oud
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Mosso - Cloud Files
1 TB = 4K$~ per
year
Gener al -
Cl oud
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• web ser vi ce pr ovi di ng t he cor e dat abase
f unct i ons of dat a i ndexi ng and quer yi ng
Amazon Si mpl eDB
Gener al -
Cl oud
17
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• Of f er s a r el i abl e, hi ghl y scal abl e, host ed queue f or st or i ng
messages as t hey t r avel bet ween comput er s
• Pay onl y f or w hat you use. Ther e i s no mi ni mum f ee. Est i mat e
your mont hl y bi l l usi ng AWS Si mpl e M ont hl y Cal cul at or.
• $0.01 per 10,000 Amazon SQS Request s ($0.000001 per
Request )
• Amazon SQS r equest s ar e Cr eat eQueue, Li st Queues,
Del et eQueue, SendM essage, Recei veM essage,
Del et eM essage, Set QueueAt t r i but es and Get QueueAt t r i but es
• Dat a Tr ansf er
• * $0.100 per GB – al l dat a t r ansf er i n
• * $0.170 per GB – f i r st 10 TB / mont h dat a t r ansf er out

Amazon Si mpl e Queue Ser vi ce
(Amazon SQS)
http://aws.amazon.com/sqs/#pricing
Gener al -
Cl oud
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So many new al t er nat i ves-pl ayer s!
E
l
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e
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s
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Sherpa
Y! UDB
MySQL
Oracle
HDFS
BigTable
Dynamo
U
p
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a
t
e
s
Cassandra
C
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y

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http://www.cse.iitb.ac.in/comad/2008/uploads/K_Ragh
u_CloudComputing.ppt
Gener al -
Cl oud
19
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Dat a Cent er Locat i ons
Current Online locat ions
Proposed f ut ure Online locat ions
Ot her Microsof t locat ions
Washingt on
Calif ornia
Texas
Illinois
Virginia
Puert o Rico
Ireland
Net herlands
China
Japan
India
Singapore
https://partner.microsoft.com/download/sverige/4
0097312 STKI modifications
Gener al -
Cl oud
Microsoft is planning
to have 1M servers by
the end of 2009
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M i cr osof t Cl oud Ser vi ces
Azure

Ser vi ces Pl at f orm
Microsof t
SharePoint
Services
Microsof t
Dynamics CRM
Services
Gener al -
Cl oud
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M i cr osof t : Sof t war e + Ser vi ces
Gener al -
Cl oud
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The Cast Ir on Int egr at i on Sol ut i on
Traditional Approach
Today’s Approach
C
R
M
I
n
t
e
g
r
a
t
i
o
n
Home
Grown
CRM
Home grown
integration
Enterprise Integration
Software
(TIBCO, webMethods)
Benefits
• No Software to install
or maintain
• Configuration, not
coding
• Weeks, not months
Enterprise
CRM
Software
Source:
http://salesforce.vo.llnwd.net/o1/us/community/ppt/TEX004
_Cast%20Iron.ppt
Gener al -
Cl oud
23
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Fl exi bl e Depl oyment Opt i ons
Integration as a Service
Cast Iron Cloud™
Integration on Premise
Virtual Appliances
Powered By Cast Iron
*
Customer’s Data Center
Source: http://salesforce.vo.llnwd.net/o1/us/community/ppt/TEX004_Cast%20Iron.ppt
Gener al -
Cl oud
24
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Cl oud Comput i ng Chal l enges
http://gigaom.com/2008/07/01/10-reasons-enterprises-arent-ready-to-trust-the-cloud/
Source: http://www.reservoir-fp7.eu/twiki/pub/Reservoir/PresentationsPage/081126_-_RESERVOIR_Overview_-_TAB.ppt
Gener al -
Cl oud
25
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ht t p:/ / w ww .haar et z.co.i l / capt ain/ spages/ 1066642.ht ml
Gmai l i ssues
Gener al -
Cl oud
26
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Int egrat or i s responsi bl e f or
di f f erent SAAS and host i ng
Di f f erent SAAS provi ders
(Sal sef orce Net sui t e) +
i nt egrat or
Ol d Fashi on
Pay per use- t o t he i nt egr at or Pay per use – managed
separ at el y f or each SAAS
pr ovi der
User Li censi ng
AT SAAS and i nt egr at or si t e At di f f er ent SAAS pr ovi der ’s
si t e and i n t he user s l ocat i on
User ow ned –
Int egr at or
r esponsi bi l i t y
Ser ver s -
HW
Int egr at or r esponsi bi l i t y Int egr at or r esponsi bi l i t y User ow ned –
Int egr at or
r esponsi bi l i t y
PC’s
Int egr at or r esponsi bi l i t y Spl i t r esponsi bi l i t i es bet ween
Int egr at or and SAAS pr ovi der s
Int egr at or
r esponsi bi l i t y but
expensi ve. Ut i l i zat i on
i s a j oke!
User
per spect i ve
Good but cost l y - needs t o
mai nt ai n hi gh ski l l s f or
host i ng\ SAAS
Bad -The SAAS pr ovi der mi ght
add mor e ser vi ces t hat w i l l
t ake t he i nt egr at or ’s pl ace.
Good Int egr at or
per spect i ve
Exampl e f or pot ent i al new busi ness model
Gener al
- Cl oud
27
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Wi t h IBSS
Pay per use- t o t he
i nt egrat or
Li censi ng
AT SAAS and IBSS si t e Ser vers - HW
Int egrat or r esponsi bi l i t y PC’s
Int egrat or r esponsi bi l i t y User perspect i ve
Good and cheaper – l ess
ski l l s ar e needed \ l ess
i nvest ment
Int egrat or
perspect i ve
New pl ayer – Int egrat i on Busi ness
& SaaS Sol ut i ons(IBSS)
• IBSS i s new pl ayer –
pr ovi di ng var i et y of
host i ng ser vi ces and
l i nks\ i nt egrat i on t o
di f f er ent SAAS
pr ovi der s
• IBSS cl i ent s ar e t he
i nt egrat or s
• Exampl e: Spi ne.co.i l
Gener al
– Cl oud -
l ast
28
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Why Compani es Use Open Sour ce
• Fr eedom / Fl exi bi l i t y
• Lower s bar r i er s t o ent r y / exi t
• Can’ t af f or d t o bui l d new appl i cat i ons f r om
scr at ch
• Ti r ed of wai t i ng on hol d f or suppor t
• Speed up devel opment
• Pur chase onl y t he f unct i onal i t y needed
• Tot al Cost of Ow ner shi p (TCO)
• ROI i s shor t ened
29
Source: AnyOpen
Gener al
Open
Sour ce
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Sol ut i on - OSS qual i t y
• Emer gi ng Vendor s Ut i l i ze OSS
– Net ezza
• Dat a war ehousi ng appl i ance
– Commodit y har dw ar e (ser ver s, CPUs, st or age)
– Post gr eSQL, Li nux
• End user cl i ent s ut i l i ze OSS
– Ret ai l – i n-st or e appl i ances
– Tr avel – web si t es, f ee schedul es,
r eser vat i ons
Be assur ed t he nex t gener at i on of
dev el oper s/ ent r epr eneur s w i l l bui l d on OSS
0.00009
0.00057
MySQL Commercial
Def ect s Per Thousands
l i nes of Code
Source: Reasoni ng I nc.
Gener al
Open
Sour ce
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Gener al
Open
Sour ce
31
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Gener al
Open
Sour ce
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Gener al
Open
Sour ce
33
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M i cr osof t OpenSour ce si t e
Gener al
Open
Sour ce
34
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M i cr osof t IIS: An Int er oper abl e Web
Ser ver
• Bui l d and Run Web appl i cat i ons i n a
hi gh-per f or mance and r el i abl e way al ong si de
ASP.NET w i t h IIS 7.0 Fast CGI.
Gener al
Open
Sour ce
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• IBI i s of f er i ng R-St at i st i cs as basi c al t er nat i ve
f or M ATLAB
ISV’s ar e of f er i ng Open Sour ce as
al t er nat i ve f or commer ci al
pr oduct s
http://www.informationbuilders.de/Kundentage-presentations/15-10-08/3_IBI_BI_2-0_DaveSmall.pdf
Gener al
Open
Sour ce
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37
STKI M adad
•Lately we have received lots of Open
Source related inquiries – maturity, support,
reference, prices of:
•OpenOffice
•Tomcat
•Jboss
•MySQL
•Drupal
•Nagios
•Subversion
Gener al
Open Sour ce
- l ast
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Onl i ne Bi ds
• Onl i ne bi ds ar e power f ul t ool i n case
of r eal compet i t i on of commodi t y
pr oduct s (appl es vs. appl es)
• Suggest ed st eps ar e – t echni cal à
t radi t i onal negot i at i on f or get t i ng 2-3
suppl i er s f or best of f i nal à onl i ne bi d
• In case t her e i s no r eal compet i t i on
onl i ne bi ds can not hel p
38
Gener al
Pr ocur ement
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39
Vi r t ual i sat i on Li censi ng
Compl i cat i ons
• Historic compatibility (product & license – “serial machine
number”)
• PUR’s (product user rights) not supporting new technology
• Inventory / Discovery tools not designed to support Virtualised
environments
• Ever more complicated product variations to accommodate
model
• More software products required to run and support it
• Increased licensing knowledge required
• Makes planning and budgeting more complicated
STKI Round Table for IT procurement managers at 22.4.09
http://www.socitm.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/684C81F1-3327-472C-8425-
68E8F39F79D0/0/S20080912Agenda5AlexLemonCIVICAVirtuallyLicensed.ppt STKI modifications
Gener al
Pr ocur ement
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Vi r t ual i sat i on Li censi ng
Compl i cat i ons
Sof t w ar e ISV i s i nst al l ed Sof t w ar e ISV i s i nst al l ed Sof t w ar e ISV i s i nst al l ed
ser ver a: 2 cpu dual cor e ser ver b: 2 cpu dual cor e ser ver c: 2 cpu dual cor e





Vi r t ual ser ver a w i t h
ISV i nst al l ed
Ser ver X : 2 CPU
dual cor e





Vi r t ual ser ver a w i t h
ISV i nst al l ed
Ser ver Z : 4 CPU
QUAD CORE

Gener al
Pr ocur ement
STKI Round Table for IT procurement
managers at 22.4.09
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
Vi r t ual i sat i on Li censi ng
Compl i cat i ons
Sof t w ar e ISV i s i nst al l ed Sof t w ar e ISV i s i nst al l ed Sof t w ar e ISV i s i nst al l ed
ser ver a: 2 cpu dual cor e ser ver b: 2 cpu dual cor e ser ver c: 2 cpu dual cor e



Vi r t ual ser ver c w i t h
ISV i nst al l ed
Vi r t ual ser ver b w i t h
ISV i nst al l ed
Vi r t ual ser ver a w i t h
ISV i nst al l ed
Ser ver X : 2 CPU
dual cor e



Vi r t ual ser ver c w i t h
ISV i nst al l ed
Vi r t ual ser ver b w i t h
ISV i nst al l ed
Vi r t ual ser ver a w i t h
ISV i nst al l ed
Ser ver Z: 4 CPU
QUAD CORE

Gener al
Pr ocur ement
Lower
cost ?
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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42
42
I
m
p
r
o
v
e
d

E
f
f
i
c
i
e
n
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y

o
f

I
T

S
e
r
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i
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e

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HP EDS mer ge
Maximum Client
Value
Established, market-
leading services …
breadth and depth
Industry reach across
major industries
Global Delivery
• EDS Best Shore
®
locat ions
• Enterprise Service Mgmt.
Market leadership across
ITO segments
Technology platform
leadership
Shared Standard Services
Model and expertise for
mid-market customers
High outsourcing market
growth rates and
momentum
Innovation from HP Labs,
annual R&D investment
of $3.6B
2
Comprehensive
end- t o- end I T
services
Por t f ol i o
Deep indust ry
Ex per t i se,
delivered
Gl obal l y
Based on
market - leading
t echnology and
I nnovat i on
I
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c
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e
a
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d

b
u
s
i
n
e
s
s

v
a
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u
e

f
r
o
m

I
T
Gener al
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
We acqui r e BEST
sol ut i ons f r om
LEADING ITs
We sel l t hose
sol ut i ons t o
ot her ITs
New busi ness model s\
al t er nat i ves
www.bits.co.il
Gener al
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
Your Text her e Your Text her e
44
Recommendat i ons
4 Less t echnol ogi es t o t ake car e of . Can exi st i ng
t echnol ogi es \ pr oduct s do t he j ob?
4 Def i ne Inf r ast r uct ur e Ser vi ces
4 New t echnol ogy ROI i s t r i cky – t he new t echnol ogy can
save money but i t r equi r es new pr ocesses, peopl e,
i nt egr at i on
4 Open Sour ce
4 IaaS f or :
• Peak t i me act i vi t i es
• Backup
• Test i ng appl i cat i ons and new t echnol ogi es
• Tr ai ni ng and Devel opment
Gener al
Recommendat i ons
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
Your Text her e Your Text her e
45
Recommendat i ons :
4 SAAS f or i nt er nal IT needs –Exampl e ALM t ool s as Saas
4 SBC ( t r adi t i onal & VDI) f or r emot e l ocat i ons , cal l
cent er s
4 Oper at i ons Scor ecar ds f or bet t er al i gnment
4 Dat acent er consol i dat i on, Ser ver Consol i dat i on ( t o
st andar d pl at f or ms) and Ser ver Vi r t ual i zat i on
4 Asset management i n gener al and usage\ met er i ng
4 St or age r ead\ wr i t e “ snap on snap” f or cost ef f i ci ent
envi r onment cr eat i on
4 Vendor and Cont r act management ( STKI can hel p! )
Gener al
Recommendat i ons
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
46
46
Gener al
46
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
Devel opment
and
M i ddl ewar e
STKI IT M odel
47
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
48
Technol ogi es M at ur i t y M odel
2009 – M i ddl ewar e and Devel opment
Investment
to make money
Cut costs,
Increase
productivity
Investment
for regulations
Commodity IT
Services
Using Implementing Looking
Business Value
Pure
Business
Project
IT Project
EAI PaaS
SOA
Gover nance
t ool s
BPM
Ful l SOA –
Or gani zat i on
change
Open Sour ce
ALM t ool s
ETL
TDD
GUI
i nt egrat i on
Semant i c
AGILE
DEV
Tr ends
WPF
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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49
New Generat i on of Know l edge
Wor ker s
• Li ve i n vi r t ual wor l ds
• Expect i mmedi at e r esul t s
• M any open t hr eads
• Del i ver qui ckl y, i n smal l
i ncr ement s
• Expect per sonal i zat i on
• Int ol erant of di sr upt i on
In shor t : ver y agi l e!
http://www.solutionsiq.com/resources/SIQ-
AgileDevelopmentPlatform-Rudd-Young-
Agile2008.ppt
DEV
Tr ends
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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Pl at f or m conver gence
• “ Devel oper s ar e cust omer s t oo”
–Demand t he same f eat ur es as t he i nt ended
user s (mul t i -medi al , soci al net wor ki ng,
per sonal i zat i on, cust omi zat i on, et c.)
• Devel oper s shoul d l i ve i n t he same wor l d
t hey ar e const r uct i ng
• Ver y Agi l e
Source: http://www.solutionsiq.com/resources/SIQ-
AgileDevelopmentPlatform-Rudd-Young-Agile2008.ppt STKI
modifications
DEV
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50
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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Agi l e Pr oj ect M anagement -
Over vi ew
A
n
a
l
y
s
i
s
C
o
d
e
T
e
s
t
I
m
p
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m
e
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t
A
n
a
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y
s
i
s
C
o
d
e
T
e
s
t
3 6 9 12
3
6
9
1
2
51
Source: Cutter
DEV
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52
Cost of Feedback – Test Dr i ven
Devel opment
http://losangeles.pm.org/presentations/tdd/TheRoadToTestDrivenDevelopment.ppt
DEV
Tr ends
52
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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Copyright Oversee.net 2008
Test -Dr i ven Devel opment
• Pi ck a Feat ur e
• Wr i t e a Test f or t hat Feat ur e
• Run al l Test s and see new Test Fai l
• Wr i t e Code f or Feat ur e
• Run al l Test s and see al l Test s Pass
• Ref act or
• Repeat
http://losangeles.pm.org/presentations/tdd/TheRoa
dToTestDrivenDevelopment.ppt
DEV
Tr ends
53
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
Composi t e Appl i cat i on Pl at f or m i n t he
new Open Sour ce – Cl oud wor l d
Enterprise Content Management:
Document Repository
Versioning
Web publishing
Workflow
Security and Authentication
Collaboration:
Wiki, Blog, Chat
Web Portal
Social Networking:
People
Activities
Associations
Custom Productivity
Tools - Conferencing
I
n
t
e
g
r
a
t
i
o
n
s

w
i
t
h

e
x
i
s
t
i
n
g

n
e
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k
s

a
n
d

f
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c
t
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a
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y



M
a
s
h
u
p
s
,

O
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e
n
I
D
P
l
u
g
-
i
n
s

a
n
d

E
x
t
e
n
t
i
o
n
s
Development and
Test Tools
Business Intelligence:
Reporting
Analysis
Search
RIA
Hosted SaaS Deployment Environment
Enterprise Content Management:
Document Repository
Versioning
Web publishing
Workflow
Security and Authentication
Web Portal
Social Networking:
People
Activities
Associations
I
n
t
e
g
r
a
t
i
o
n
s

w
i
t
h

e
x
i
s
t
i
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g

n
e
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r
k
s

RIA
http://www.solutionsiq.com/resources/SIQ-
AgileDevelopmentPlatform-Rudd-Young-Agile2008.ppt
DEV
Tr ends
54
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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Open sour ce sol ut i ons f or .NET
envi r onment
• Spr i ng open sour ce pr ogr ammi ng f r amewor k
al so f or .net !
• Nhi ber nat e (Obj ect / Rel at i onal M appi ng ):
– ORM l i brar y i mpl ement ed usi ng .NET
– Por t of t he Java l i brar y cal l ed Hi ber nat e
– Dat abase-i ndependent (al most )
– Pr ovi des most advanced f eat ur es
– Fr ee, open sour ce and mat ur e
http://webseminar1.xmp02.host.35.com/webseminar/NHibernate_in
_Action_Seminar.ppt stki modifications
DEV
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55
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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• Ri ch Int er net appl i cat i ons (RIAs) ar e web
appl i cat i ons t hat have some of t he
char act er i st i cs of deskt op appl i cat i ons,
t ypi cal l y del i ver ed by
– web br owser pl ug-i ns, j avascr i pt compi l er , et c.
– i ndependent l y vi a sandboxes or vi r t ual machi nes
• Exampl es ar e : Adobe AIR, JavaFX, M i cr osof t
Si l ver l i ght , M agi c’s Uni PaaS
RIA - Ri ch Int er net appl i cat i ons
Source :
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rich_Internet_application stki
modifications
56
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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M ashups - Wher e Can I Li ve?
• Fi nd a new pl ace t o l i ve w i t h a t r avel t i me
sear ch.
• It wor ks on commut i ng t i me bet ween st at i ons
(Under gr ound and DLR onl y) and aver age
house pr i ces. You can al so vi ew pr oper t y
l i st i ngs ar ound your chosen st at i on and f un
st uf f l i ke house pr i ce st at i st i cs.
• APIs Cl oudM ade + Googl e M aps + Nest or i a +
OpenSt r eet M ap
From http://www.programmableweb.com
DEV
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57
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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ht t p:/ / w w w.w her e-can-i -
l i ve.com/ l ondonpr oper t y
DEV
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58
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DEV
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Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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M ul t i cor e pr ogrammi ng ski l l s
http://www.infoworld.com/article/08/03/20/Multi
core-boom-needs-new-developer-skills_1.html
DEV
Tr ends
• 60
60
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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• Typi cal wor kf l ow
M DM – M ast er Dat a M anagement
Sear ch of cust omer exi st – i n
t he cur r ent appl i cat i on domai n
Ent er det ai l s of new cust omer
Ent er det ai l s of t ransact i on
End
Sear ch of cust omer – i n M DM
Ent er det ai l s of new cust omer i n M DM
Ent er det ai l s of t ransact i on somet i mes based
on i nsi ght s t aken f r om M DM
Somet i mes i f onl i ne sear ch i s not possi bl e -add
new phase t o pr ocess – “ end of day” dat a
cor r ect i ons
END
• New wor kf l ow
DEV
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• Appl i cat i on Ar chi t ect ur e:
– Dat a of M DM candi dat es shoul d be kept
separat el y
– Funct i on f or i dent i f yi ng exi st i ng cust omer s
• Di f f er ent busi ness pr ocess (user s):
– Ident i f yi ng t he cust omer i s par t of t he pr ocess
– Somet i mes t he i dent i f i cat i on i s done af t er t he
cust omer i s l ef t
Enabl i ng M DM i n new appl i cat i ons
DEV
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• .Net i s ver y st r ong i n t he gener al IT
devel opment scene
• M any cl i ent s ar e suspi ci ous t owar ds Open
Sour ce. Ther e ar e some i nnovat or s (Har el
Insur ance, Di r ect Insur ance, et c.)
• User s ar e st i l l usi ng l egacy devel opment
envi r onment s – Cobol , Nat ur al , Power Bui l der
• M agi c uni PaaS RIA & SaaS: New Ri ch i nt er net
& SaaS appl i cat i on pl at f or m based on .NET
Technol ogy (Launched on Januar y 2009)
Local Tr ends - Pl at f or ms
DEV
Local
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63
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• Isr ael i pr oj ect manager do not use f or mal
est i mat i on met hodol ogi es f or est i mat i on
(f unct i on poi nt s, cocomo, et c.)
• Each member of pr oj ect gi ves est i mat i on “ t o
t he best of hi s know l edge”
• Some or gani zat i ons have est i mat i on sheet s
w i t h quest i ons l i ke “ does t he pr oj ect needs
i nf or mat i on f r om t he DW?”
• Onl y f ew or gani zat i ons t r ack t he r eal usage of
speci f i c r equest s (af t er went t o pr oduct i on)
Local Tr ends - Est i mat i on
DEV
Local
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64
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• M ost user s have EAI t ool s. Some SOA t ool s.
• Run Ti me SOA gover nance (mai nl y moni t or i ng) i s an i ssue t o
many user s
• Dev. SOA gover nance t ool s ar e consi der ed as par t of gener al
SOA adopt i on
• What st ops SOA ar e r el at ed or gani zat i ons i ssues –
devel opment r ol es ar e di f f er ent – t he ar chi t ect i s i n t he cent er
• Somet i mes t he EAI\ SOA t eam cr eat i ng bot t l eneck f or t he
pr oj ect s
• STKI Round Tabl e: What ar e t he opt i mal t echnol ogy and
pr ocesses t hat enabl e code and i nt er f aces\ ser vi ces r euse? At
7.6.09
Local Tr ends - SOA
DEV
Local
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• M any or gani zat i ons di d not t r y “ agi l e sof t war e
devel opment ” f or mal l y
• M any or gani zat i on have t i ght r el at i onshi p w i t h t hei r
user s – t r y t o del i ver i n shor t r el ease cycl es, however
of f i ci al pr oj ect desi gn i s done
• “ Agi l e Spar ks” of f er s t rai ni ng and accompanyi ng
scr um pr ocesses mai nl y t o ISV’s. The “ end user ” i s
t he mar ket i ng manager
• Some ni ce f i r st st eps f or Agi l e i n Israel i ent er pr i se
(STKI Round Tabl e)
– M or e det ai l s at ht t p:/ / w w w.scr i bd.com/ doc/ 12901045/ Agi l e-Round-Tabl e
Local Tr ends - Agi l e
DEV
Local
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• What i s PM O?
– IT Pl an Devel opment
– Demand M anagement
– Budget and Resour ce M anagement
– Post i mpl ement at i on audi t s
– M anagi ng l ar ge\ st r at egi c\ cr oss LOB pr oj ect s
• What about PM O and Dev
met hodol ogi es\ t echnol ogi es ?
– SOA
– Reuse
– Agi l e
– TDD
The PM O-Devel opment gap?
67
DEV
Local
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EAI\ SOA Suppor t Rat i os
• EAI \ SOA var i at i ons ar e ver y bi g:
– Fr om st at i c (ol d) messagi ng i nt er f ace (M Q) t o new and changi ng “ SOA” ser vi ce
– How “ t hi ck” i s t he i nt er f ace: 20 t i mes a day t o 20,000 a mi nut e
– How i nvol ved ar e t he appl i cat i ons pr ogr ammer s ?
– How st at i c ar e t he i nt er f aces? How many new i nt er f aces?
– Does “ one user ” f or web ser vi ce i s val i d “ Ser vi ces count ” ?
• EAI\ SOA t ypi cal Suppor t Rat i os : f r om 10
i nt er f aces\ ser vi ces per FTE t o 300 i nt er f aces\ ser vi ces\ web
ser vi ces per FTE . M edi an i s 40 i nt er f aces.
• Thi s demonst rat es t he l ar ge var i et y bet ween or gani zat i on
w i t h t hei r per spect i ve t o EAI\ SOA\ Int egrat i on
Source: STKI
68
DEV
Local
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• Can I def i ne Ser vi ce\ St andar ds f or
Devel opment \ M i ddl ewar e ?
• STKI Round Tabl e: What ar e t he opt i mal t echnol ogy
and pr ocesses t hat enabl e code and
i nt er f aces\ ser vi ces r euse? At 7.6.09
STKI r ecommendat i on
69
DEV
Local
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Ent er pr i se
Syst em
M anagement
STKI IT M odel
70
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71
Technol ogi es M at ur i t y M odel
2009 – Ent er pr i ses Syst em M anagement
Investment
to make money
Cut costs,
Increase
productivity
Investment
for regulations
Commodity IT
Services
Using Implementing Looking
Business Value
Pure
Business
Project
IT Project
Syst em
M anagement
BSM
CM DB –
Basi c –
Aut omat i c
di scover y
CM DB w i t h
cl osed l oop
change
management
End User
Exper i ence
RBA
Appl i cat i on
M oni t or i ng
ESM
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Def i ni t i on of t he M gmt Segment s
Technol ogi es used t o aut omat e day t o day oper at i onal t asks
Used t o assi st IT st af f i n aut omat i on of r out i ne t asks
Oper at i ons
Aut omat i on
Technol ogi es f ocused on obser vi ng and ensur i ng t he heal t h and avai l abi l i t y
of i nf r ast r uct ur e
Used t o under st and t he cur r ent st at e of al l har dwar e, sof t war e, and
busi ness ser vi ces
Per f or mance
& Moni t or i ng
Technol ogi es used t o cont r ol how an or gani zat i on del i ver s and manages IT
ser vi ces suppl i ed t o t he busi ness
Act as t he pr i mar y communi cat i on poi nt bet ween IT and t he r est of t he
or gani zat i on
Ser vi ce
Management
Technol ogi es used t o under st and and manage what r esour ces an
or gani zat i on has as wel l as how, when, and who al t er s i t al l
Cover s al l aspect s of sof t war e, har dwar e, and l i censes/ cont r act s
Syst em &
Conf i g Mgmt
ESM - Service Desk – Asset – System (configuration) – Security events
72
ESM
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73
CM DB aut omat i c di scover y
Lear n how t hei r CIs ar e conf i gur ed (& changing over time)
Configuration Auditing
– Tracks changes in
applications
– Depicts that information on
the map
– Depicts that information
thru reports
Automatically tracks
changes on all CIs &
attribute values over time…
Application
Source: IBM
ESM
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74
CM DB i s i mpr ovi ng conf i gurat i on management
Compar i ng t wo i nst ances of an Apache Web
Ser ver t o t he gol den mast er
Compliance
– Compare configuration to
“reference master”
– Compare
to your
standard
policy
Values in red and blue are
policy violations
Source: IBM
ESM
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Local Tr ends – change management
• One week ago we have sw i t ched of f backup
communi cat i on l i ne but f ound out t hat i t
was used by appl i cat i on i n pr oduct i on"
• " Expect t he unknow n r esul t s w hen i nst al l i ng
new pat ch"
• Number of changes i n l ar ge bank (M F
envi r onment ) 80K a year !
• Above 50% of pr obl ems ar e r el at ed t o
changes
ESM
Local
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• Who i s t he ESM “ ow ner ” ? Di f f er ent appr oaches:
• “ Hi gh Touch” ESM t eam:
– The di f f er ent syst em t eams (Wi n, Uni x, Net wor k, PC) i nst al l
t he agent s but w i t h st r i ct i nst r uct i ons f r om t he ESM t eam
– Si ngl e consol e mai nt ai ned by t he ESM t eam
• The ESM t eam i s i n t he “ backgr ound”
– The di f f er ent t eams have t hei r ow n management consol es
(exampl e – Wi n- M OM , Uni x- BM C, Net wor k – NM M , PC –
At er ni t y)
– M anger of manager s consol e i s updat ed by t he ESM t eam
Local t r ends
ESM
Local
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ESM (Ent er pr i se Syst em
M anagement ) Rat i os
• ESM Rat i os ar e ver y di f f er ent f r om compani es
i mpl ement i ng ESM sol ut i ons si nce t he l evel of
i mpl ement at i on, i nt er nal pr ocesses , t ool s and
aut omat i on i s ver y di f f er ent .
• The KPI i t sel f –” per Ser ver s “ – i s not i deal as wel l
si nce i t doe not gi ve i ndi cat i on t o Rout er s, St or age
devi ces, et c.
• Fr om 110 Ser ver s moni t or ed by 1 FTE t o 500 Ser ver s
moni t or ed by 1 FTE. .M edi an i s 300 Ser ver s
• Incr ease of about 20% f r om l ast year s dat a
• Dat a poi nt i n t he STKI sur vey 1 FTE per 1000 ser ver.
STKI comment “ cl ose t he pr oj ect ! ”
Source: STKI
77
ESM
Local
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• Can I def i ne Ser vi ce\ St andar ds f or Syst em
M anagement \ M oni t or i ng?
STKI r ecommendat i on
78
ESM
Local
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DBM S
STKI IT M odel
79
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
The evol ut i on of di st r i but ed ar chi t ect ur e
SCALE
DB
D
A
L
B
L
B
L
G
U
I
U
U
G
U
I
G
U
I
U
U
U
U
Scale up by working with layers,
Try not to bother the database as much as possible!
S
C
A
L
E
http://download.microsoft.com/download/A/2/0/A20CB03B-
7F99-4A16-9652-9A2DAC44986F/ARC301.ppt
DBM S
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80
Bot t l eneck' s…
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
Do not remove source or attribution from any graphic or portion of graphic
Uni f i ed Cache Vi ew
What i s Vel oci t y ?
An expl i ci t , di st r i but ed, i n-memor y appl i cat i on cache f or al l ki nds of
dat a (CLR obj ect s, r ows, XM L, Bi nar y dat a et c.)
Fuse " memor y" acr oss machi nes i nt o a uni f i ed cache
Cl i ent s can be
spr ead acr oss
machi nes or
pr ocesses
Cl i ent s Access
t he Cache as i f i t
was a l ar ge
si ngl e cache
Cache Layer
di st r i but es dat a
acr oss t he
var i ous cache
nodes
http://download.microsoft.com/download/A/2/0/A20CB
03B-7F99-4A16-9652-9A2DAC44986F/ARC301.ppt
DBM S
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82
Semantic Technology
Semantic technology as a software technology
allows the meaning of information to be known and
processed at execution time. For a semantic
technology there must be a knowledge model of
some part of the world that is used by one or more
applications at execution time
Source: Vagan Terziyan
DBM S
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83
SPARQL Quer y: Access
M ul t i pl e Sour ces
PREFIX dc: <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/>
PREFIX ldap: <http://ldap.hp.com/people#>
PREFIX foaf:
SELECT ?name ?name2
{
?doc dc:title ?title .
FILTER regex(?title, “SPARQL”) .
?doc dc:creator ?reseacher .
?researcher ldap:email ?email .
?researcher ldap:name ?name
}
• “Find the name and email addresses of authors of a paper”
• Query tech reports first, then go to LDAP for more information.
• Other examples:
•Copy schedule of conference to Outlook calendar.
•Copy list of people to Outlook contacts
Source: HP STKI modification
DBM S
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84
DBPedi a
. Extracting Structured Information from Wikipedia
http://ids.snu.ac.kr/w/images/3/3c/SC14.p
pt dbpedia STKI modifications
DBM S
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PREFIX skos:
<ht t p:/ / w w w.w3.or g/ 2004/ 02/ skos/ co
r e#>
SELECT ?pr esName WHERE {
?pr esName skos:subj ect
<ht t p:/ / dbpedi a.or g/ r esour ce/ Cat egor
y:Pr esi dent s_of _t he_Uni t ed_St at es>.
}
SPARQL Quer y
DBM S
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From http://dbpedia.org/sparql
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86 86
Incr ease ef f i ci ency: Know l edge Pack
exampl es
Ø When (i dent i f i cat i on):
(1) SQL r equest s r un f ul l scan and not t hr ough an i ndex
(2) SQL r equest s scan mor e t hen 100 dai l y par t i t i ons on sel ect ed l ar ge t abl es,or
(3) SQL r equest s do not i ncl ude a r est r i ct i ng dat e condi t i on, or (4)
DM L/ DDL/ DCL commands i ssued by unaut hor i zed user
Ø Then (one or mor e f r om t hese act i ons):
(1) Appl y a r ew r i t e/ addi ng an Or acl e hi nt
(2) bl ock and r et ur n a message t o t he user, t o r un af t er hour s
(3) aut omat i cal l y sw i t ch t o r un on r epl i cat i on
DBM S
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Incr ease ef f i ci ency: M or eVRP
(Vi r t ual Resour ce Par t i t i oni ng)
• Def i ne comput i ng r esour ces (CPU, I/ O) f or speci f i c
t r ansact i ons In r eal -t i me, based on t he busi ness needs and
Qos r equest ed.
• Impr ove t he per f or mance of your cur r ent har dwar e and
sof t war e i n 20-40%"
DBM S
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Incr ease ef f i ci ency: Exadat a – A New
Ar chi t ect ur e
• Exadat a Shi ps Less Dat a Thr ough Pi pes
– Quer y pr ocessi ng i s moved i nt o st orage t o
dramat i cal l y r educe dat a sent t o ser vers
w hi l e of f l oadi ng ser ver CPUs
• Exadat a has M or e Pi pes
– M odul ar st orage “ cel l ” bui l di ng bl ocks
or gani zed i nt o M assi vel y Paral l el Gr i d
– Bandw i dt h scal es w i t h capaci t y
• Exadat a has Bi gger Pi pes
– Inf i ni Band i nt er connect t ransf ers dat a 5x
f ast er t han Fi br e Channel
Exadata Moves a Lot
Less Data a Lot Faster
DBM S
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88
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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• New Dat a War ehouse r ef er ence ar chi t ect ur es
• Based on SQL Ser ver 2008 + opt i mi zed
commodi t y har dwar e f r om HP and Del l
• Advant ages:
v Accel er at ed t i me t o sol ut i on
v Reduced r i sk – pr e-t est ed; appl i cat i on of best pr act i ces;
opt i mi zed har dwar e
v Scal e pr edi ct abl y t o 30 TB w i t hout ext ensi ve t uni ng
v Low TCO/ per f or mance t hr ough commodi t y har dwar e
89
Increase efficiency: SQL Server
®
Fast Track
Data Warehouse
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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Ot her compani es f or i ncr eased
per f or mance \ ut i l i zat i on
DBM S
Tr ends
http://www.edenbase.com/Edenbase_CompactDB_Whitepaper.pdf
• EdenBase -In t he cont ext of
“ Pi ni Cohen“ i n st ead of 0547-
000023 (10,000 t i mes) w r i t e
XX
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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DBM S Suppor t Rat i os
• DBM S suppor t rat i os met r i cs ar e not t r i vi al :
– Per DBM S but somet i mes t her e ar e sever al DBM S si ngl e
appl i cat i on or one DBM S f or sever al appl i cat i ons
– Huge var i et y. In t he same or gani zat i on:
• 20 appl i cat i on per FTE f or M SSQL (smal l appl i cat i ons)
• 1.5 appl i cat i ons per FTE f or Or acl e (cor e busi ness)
– Appl i cat i ons DBM S vs. Inf r ast r uct ur e DBM S
– Somet i mes par t of t he j ob i s done i nt er nal l y and some by t he
vendor (appl i cat i on pr oducer )
• Inf rast r uct ur e DBA Suppor t Rat i os (al l copi es of appl i cat i on,
Open) : f r om 3 appl i cat i ons per DBA FTE t o 50 appl i cat i ons
per DBA FTE.
• M edi an i s 10 appl i cat i ons per DBA FTE
Source: STKI
91
DBM S
Local
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• Can I def i ne Ser vi ce\ St andar ds f or DBM S ?
STKI r ecommendat i on
92
DBM S
Local
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Ser ver s
STKI IT M odel
93
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94
Technol ogi es M at ur i t y M odel
2009 - Ser ver s
Investment
to make money
Cut costs, Increase
productivity
Investment
for regulations
Commodity IT
Services
Using Implementing Looking
Business Value
Pure
Business
Project
IT Project
Ser ver
Vi r t ual i zat i on
f or Pr od
Wi n 2008
Ser ver
Li nux
Ser ver s
Ser ver Uni x\ M F
\ Legacy
consol i dat i on
Cl oud
Ser ver s
Mature technologies. Too many servers.
Ser ver
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Open Vi r t ual M achi ne For mat (OVF)
License
VM 1
Properties
VM 2 VM 3
...
i
m
p
o
r
t
A multi-vendor format
http://lycos.dropcode.net/VMware/Documentations/vmworld2008/
TA10.ppt
Ser ver
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95
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96
VM war e vCl oud: Ext ended Dat aCent er
Virtual
Center
V-Mot ion
Current Underway
DataCenter
Corporate or Public Cloud
Based Service
Remote Monitoring of
VM based
applications
Policies
Move with
VM based
application
Simplified
migration of
VM based
application
API
http://www.irislink.com/Partners/irislink2009/PP
T/IRISLink2009_MO_Danny%20Roefflaer.ppt
Ser ver
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97
…but its difficult to
correlate network and
storage back to virtual
machines
Transparency in the Eye of the Beholder
http://communities.vmware.com/servlet/JiveServlet/previewBody/9523-102-1-6774/Nexus-1000V-VMware-
UG.ppt;jsessionid=880F4798E7D5D028FE6A3F9EF9111439
Ser ver
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Ci sco Vi r t ual Net wor k Li nk – VN-Li nk
Vi r t ual i zi ng t he Net wor k Domai n
Problems:
VN-Link:
•Extends network to the VM
•Consistent services
•Coordinated, coherent management
VMotion
• VMotion may move VMs across
physical ports—policy must
follow
• Impossible to view or apply
policy to locally switched traffic
• Cannot correlate traffic on
physical links—from multiple
VMs VLAN
101
http://communities.vmware.com/servlet/JiveServlet/previewBody/9523-102-1-6774/Nexus-1000V-VMware-
UG.ppt;jsessionid=880F4798E7D5D028FE6A3F9EF9111439
Ser ver
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Virtual Sessions
Per License
Unlimited
..
32
16
8
4
1
Host OS Included
Wi ndows Ser ver Dat acent er
Ser ver
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What ’s Next For Xeon-EP? NEHALEM
I T Benef i t s
• More applicat ion performance
• I mproved energy efficiency
• End t o end HW assist for
Virt ualizat ion
• St able I T image
PCI
Express*
Gen 1, 2
I / O
Hub
I CH
DMI
Nehal em Nehal em
Funct ional
syst em
demonst rat ed
Sept 2007 I DF
Ext ending Today’s
Leadership
Launch Q1’09
Volume Ramp 1H’09
NEHALEM
Key Technol ogi es
• New 45nm I nt el
®
Microarchit ect ure
• New I nt el
®
QuickPat h I nt erconnect
• I nt egrat ed Memory Cont roller
• Next Generat ion Memory ( DDR3)
• PCI Express Gen 2
QPI
Up t o 25. 6 Gb/ sec bandwi dt h per l i nk
https://www.im-
sc.com/scevents/IBM/IBM%20Partner%20Day%20Documen
ts/Intel%20Update%20for%20Ingram%20BP%20110608.ppt
Ser ver
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M anagement Web Vi r t ual i zat i on
IIS 7.5
.NET Support on Server Core
Integrated IIS Extensions
Configuration Tracing
Hyper-V™
Live Migration
Cluster Shared Volumes
Remote Desktop Services
Sol i d Foundat i on f or Ent er pr i se Wor kl oads
Power Management
PowerShell 2.0
AD Administrative Center
New Best Practices Analyzers
Bet t er Toget her w i t h Wi ndow s 7 Scal abi l i t y and Rel i abi l i t y
DirectAccess
BranchCache™
Enhanced Group Policies
BitLocker on Removable Drives
RemoteApp & Desktop Connections
64+ Logical Processor (LP) Support
Componentization
DHCP Failover
DNSSEC
Technol ogy Invest ment Ar eas - 2010
64-bit only Server release
Ser ver
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RHEV - HYPERVISOR
Scal abi l i t y
Host : 96 cor es, 1 TB RAM
Guest : 16vCPU, 64 GB RAM
Indust r y St andar ds
Tr ust ed RHEL ker nel + KVM
Hi gh per f or mance Vi r t IO dr i ver s
Li bvi r t management i nt er f ace
Smal l f oot pr i nt – easy t o i nst al l and manage
Boot vi a PXE
Run f r om f l ash dr i ve
Inst al l on l ocal medi a
Advanced Feat ur es
M emor y Page shar i ng
SELi nux f or hi gh secur i t y and i sol at i on
Ser ver
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Aut omat i on i s key enabl er
Ser ver
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103
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Your Text her e Your Text her e
104
Ser ver mar ket i s dow n – how l ow
can we get ?
4 Recent dat a shows t hat t he Isr ael i ser ver mar ket i n 2009
i s about 40% l ower t han l ast year
4 Wi l l t hi s cont i nue?!
4 Who wi l l be caught i n t he f i r e?!
Ser ver
Local
Tr ends
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Local Tr ends – Ser ver Vi r t ual i zat i on
• M ost ser ver s sol d \ i nst al l ed w i t hi n t he
ent er pr i se IT or gani zat i ons ar e vi r t ual
ser ver s
• User s mi ght i nst al l appl i cat i on i n Vi r t ual i zed
envi r onment even w i t hout ISV per mi ssi on!
• Per cent of Vi r t ual i zed Wi ndows ser ver s i s
bet ween 5% and 40% (some ext r eme cases
mor e). Al l cl i ent s want t o i ncr ease t hi s
r at i o.
105
Ser ver
Local
Tr ends
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Local Tr ends -Ser ver Vi r t ual i zat i on
• Ser ver vi r t ual i zat i on and Out sour ci ng – ser ver
pr ovi si oni ng i n vi r t ual i zed envi r onment – 2 hour s
bef or e i t was 10 hour s
• Issues w i t h vi r t ual i zat i on:
– Backup – agent s, copy of vmdk’s, vcb – vmwar e consol i dat ed backup
– DRP\ HA i s i n t he LUN l evel (many vm guest s) not f or par t i cul ar guest
– Net wor k vi r t ual i zat i on
– Cl oud of f er i ngs
• M i cr osof t i s i nvest i ng a l ot i n Ser ver Vi r t ual i zat i on
however t he i nt egrat or s do not get r evenues f r om
hyper V pr oj ect s and t hi s makes t hi ngs a bi t di f f i cul t f or
M i cr osof t
106
Ser ver
Local
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• Net wor ks, Voi ce
• St orage , Backup, DRP
• Syst em – Legacy, Wi ndows, Uni x, Li nux
• Dat a Cent er operat i ons and f aci l i t i es
• PC – pr epar i ng t he i mages, f i r st l evel suppor t
(r emot e cont r ol ) , second l evel suppor t
• DBM S suppor t – DBA’s
• Int egrat i on – SOA - M Q
• Syst em M anagement – conf i gurat i on t he ESM t ool s
IT or gani zat i on - What i s
Inf rast r uct ur e?
Ser ver
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Or g. Char t A
Inf ra
Tel ephony Uni x St orage
Wi ndows
Ser ver s
and PC +
st orage
Operat i ons,
Dat acent er ,
Ser vi ce desk
Ser ver
Local
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Inf r a
dba secur i t y Net wor k
Dat acent er
oper at i ons
and PC
Syst em ,
st or age sap
basi s,
i nt egr at i on
Ser vi ce desk
ESM
(engi neer i ng)
Or g. Char t B
Ser ver
Local
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109
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Your Text her e Your Text her e
110
Or g. Char t C
Inf ra
l egacy
Syst em
open
DBA
Net wor ki ng
Web
Inf r ast r uct ur e
Operat i ons
PC and
Ser ver
(open) HW
Net wor k HW
Dat acent er
Operat i ons
Ser vi ce Desk
Ser ver
Local
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111
Or g. Char t D
Inf ra
Net wor ki ng
cel l ul ar vi deo
conf er ence
Dat acent er
oper at i ons
Legacy PC Secur i t y
Syst em
di vi si on
SAP Basi s DBA
Syst em
and
St orage
Ser vi ce Desk
Ser ver
Local
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Or g. Char t E
Inf r a
Branches Secur i t y,
Net wor ki ng
ESM
Oper at i ons:
pc second
l evel
suppor t
Syst em: Legacy,
Uni x, M SFT, DBA,
St or age, manager
of changes 3
r d
l evel
suppor t i ncl udi ng
dat acent er
Ser vi ce
desk –f i r st
l evel
suppor t
Ser ver
Local
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Or g. Char t F
Operat i ons: QA, Ser vi ce
desk, dat acent er operat i ons
Inf r a
Net wor k, deskt op + 2
nd
l evel , dat acent er f aci l i t i es,
dr p
DBM S
Wi ndows ser ver s
i ncl udi ng backup ,
secur i t y
Legacy Uni x general
St orage ESM , ser vi ce
desk (appl i cat i on) dr p
Ser ver
Local
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• Possi bl e Al ar ms f or or gani zat i on i ssues:
– Syst em i s usi ng ESM pr oduct X. Ser vi ce Desk uses
Y f or moni t or i ng t he same i nf rast r uct ur e …
– Ther e ar e several di f f er ent change management
pr ocesses w i t hi n t he or gani zat i on
– “ I know st orage pr oduct X i s mor e appr opr i at e but
I shoul d pur chase Y because i t w i l l upset one
st orage t eam w hi l e t he ot her st orage t eam w i l l be
happy”
What i s good Inf rast r uct ur e
or gani zat i on?
Ser ver
Local
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• STKI r ecommendat i ons:
– Focus on Inf rast r uct ur e Ser vi ces
– Inf rast r uct ur e ser vi ces shoul d mat ch (as much as
possi bl e) t he or g. st r uct ur e.
– Not so pol i t i cal l y cor r ect r ecommendat i on – Now
i s t he t i me f or or gani zat i on changes
What i s good Inf rast r uct ur e
or gani zat i on?
Ser ver
Local
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Ser ver Rat i os - Wi ndows
• Number of Wi ndows Ser ver s (l ogi cal ) per Syst em member
– In Israel f r om 20 per FTE i n rat her smal l but
geographi cal l y di st r i but ed or gani zat i on t o 200 per FTE
i n l ar ge wel l managed or gani zat i on. M edi an i s 100
Wi ndow s Ser ver s (l ogi cal l y) per FTE
– Change f r om l ast year – about 10% i ncr ease
• Or gani zat i ons w i t h 100% i dent i cal ser ver s i n branches can
get rat i os of 1:500 ser ver s per FTE
• The SBC syst em st af f i s par t of t he syst em or PC count ?!
Source: STKI
116
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Local
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Ser ver Rat i os - Wi ndows
• Wi ndows Ser ver gr ow t h i s huge
• M any cl i ent s cl ai med t hey ar e under st af f ed – not abl e t o
per f or m t he pat ches on t i me, capaci t y pl anni ng,
consol i dat i on pr oj ect i s t oo sl ow, keepi ng t rack of al l
changes, et c.
• STKI obser vat i on – Vi r t ual i zat i on has pot ent i al of savi ngs
but must st ar t w i t h adequat e r esour ces (st af f ).
Source: STKI
117
Ser ver
Local
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Ser ver Rat i os –Uni x Li nux
• Number of Uni x ser ver s (OS) per Syst em member i n Israel i s f r om 6
ser ver s per FTE (rat her smal l , geographi cal l y di st r i but ed or gani zat i on) t o
80 ser ver s per FTE i n l ar ge homogeny Tel co or gani zat i on . M edi an i s 27
ser ver s per FTE
• Roughl y same rat i os as l ast year ’s dat a
• Uni x i s rat her st abl e \ decl i ni ng . M any cl i ent s ar e mi grat i ng t o Li nux w i t h
t he same st af f
• Good met r i c f or Uni x i s har d t o f i nd:
– Per CPU (but t her e ar e machi nes w i t h many vi r t ual OS on each CPU)
– Per OS (but t her e ar e somet i mes huge machi nes w i t h 1 OS)
– Per physi cal ser ver
Source: STKI
118
Ser ver
Local
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M ar ket St at us and
Recommendat i ons
• User s r ecommended t he f ol l ow i ng ser ver
i nt egr at or s/ suppor t :
•HP
• TEAM \ M al am
• IBM
• EM ET WE
• Pengui nIT
119
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Local
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• Can I def i ne Ser vi ce\ St andar ds f or Pl at f or ms-
Ser ver s?
STKI r ecommendat i on
120
Ser ver
Local
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Deskt ops
STKI IT M odel
121
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122
Technol ogi es M at ur i t y M odel
2009 – End Poi nt Devi ces
Investment
to make money
Cut costs,
Increase
productivity
Investment
for regulations
Commodity IT
Services
Using Implementing Looking
Business Value
Pure
Business
Project
IT Project
Tradi t i onal
SBC f or ni che
envi r onment
VDI
Vi st a
Wi ndows 7
Of f i ce
2007
M obi l e
Devi ces
Appl i cat i on
vi r t ual i zat i on
M AC f or t he
Busi ness
Sof t w ar e
Appl i ances
Deskt op as
a Ser vi ce
PC
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General Pur pose comput at i on on
t he GPU (graphi cs pr ocessi ng uni t )
– St ar t ed i n comput er graphi cs communi t y
– M appi ng comput at i on pr obl ems t o graphi cs
r ender i ng pi pel i ne
Courtesy Jens Krueger and Aaron Lefohn
Source : http://www.na-mic.org/Wiki/images/5/5c/Hpc-g80-cuda.ppt stki modifications
PC
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Why GPU f or comput i ng?
• Inexpensi ve super comput er
– Two NVIDIA Tesl a D870 : 1 TFLOPS
• GPU har dwar e per f or mance i ncr eases f ast er t han CPU
– Tr end : si mpl e, scal abl e ar chi t ect ur e, i nt er act i on of cl ock speed, cache,
memor y (bandw i dt h)
G
F
L
O
P
S G80GL = Quadro FX 5600
G80 = GeForce 8800 GTX
G71 = GeForce 7900 GTX
G70 = GeForce 7800 GTX
NV40 = GeForce 6800 Ultra
NV35 = GeForce FX 5950 Ultra
NV30 = GeForce FX 5800
Courtesy NVIDIA
Source : http://www.na-mic.org/Wiki/images/5/5c/Hpc-g80-cuda.ppt stki modifications
PC
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Gener al Pur pose comput at i on on t he
GPU (gr aphi cs pr ocessi ng uni t )
• Subst ant i al enhancement s i n dat a mani pul at i on and
pr esent at i on
• St andar d PCs w i l l gr eat l y expand t he t ypes and amount
of pr ocessi ng avai l abl e t o t he i ndi vi dual user.
• It w i l l t ake some t i me f or SW t o cat ch up w i t h t he new
HW, but once i t does we can expect a subst ant i al
i ncr ease i n t he per sonal pr oduct i vi t y and dat a
mani pul at i on and pr esent at i on capabi l i t i es of t he
average PC user
• Bot h Thi ck and Thi n Cl i ent s w i l l be Thi ck i n CPU power !
PC
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Source: www.jgoldassociates.comstki modifications
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I’ m hungr y! Can I get an Appl e?
PC
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Data from :
http://arstechnica.com/a
pple/news/2009/02/mac
-market-share.ars
126
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• Pot ent i al users w i l l i ncl ude bot h f i rst -t i me buyers seeki ng a l ow-cost
i nt r oduct or y PC as wel l as exper i enced users seeki ng a l ow-cost second PC f or
t hemsel ves:
• Communi cat i on such as E-mai l , VoIP, Vi deo Phone, et c
• Int er net access
• Cont ent consumpt i on such as musi c & movi e pl ayback
• Cont ent management such as musi c & movi e dow nl oad, di gi t al phot o management , f i l e &
cont ent sear ch, et c
Net books
• Buyer
• Parents/School
• Usage
• Internet access
• E-Mail
• Content consumption & management
TEACHERS
• Buyer
• School
• Usage
• Internet access
• Content consumption & management
CHILDREN
FIRST TIME USERS
• Buyer
• User
• Usage
• PC Familiarisation
• Internet Access
• E-Mail, Entertainment
SECONDARY PC & LIGHT PC USER
• Buyer
• User
• Usage
• Internet access
• Document viewing
• Entertainment
Source: http://www.bms.ie/toshiba/NB100%20Netbook%20Briefing.ppt
stki modifications
PC
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Wi ndows 7: Cor e Technol ogy
• Vi st a Ker nel = Bet t er Compat i bi l i t y
• Focus on r el i abi l i t y and per f or mance
– Less memor y f oot pr i nt
– Gr eat l y i mpr oved per f or mance
– Less power consumpt i on = “ Gr eener ” OS and
l onger bat t er y l i f e
http://stlouisdayofdotnet.com/FlashDriveContents%5COverview
%20of%20PDC/PDC%20Overview%20-
%20Kevin%20Grossnicklaus.ppt
PC
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Fundamentals
Pini Cohen’s work Copyright 2009©STKI
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Why sof t war e can be pai nf ul
• Assembl y r equi r ed!
• User has t o acqui r e al l of t he r equi r ed component s of one of t he “ suppor t ed” st acks
• User has t o i nst al l , conf i gur e and mai nt ai n ever yt hi ng
• M anual l y i nt ensi ve pr ocess
• Er r or pr one
• Di f f i cul t f or sol ut i on pr ovi der t o r epl i cat e and suppor t
• Faul t t ol erance (HA/ DR) not al ways t her e, i mpl ement ed i n i nconsi st ent f ashi on (r equi r i ng
r un books f or each pr ocess), and/ or an expensi ve add-on
Operating System
OS Patches
Drivers
Database Software
Actual Solution
http://marketopsrepo.vmware.com/usergroup/preso
/Virtual.Appliances.Overview.v3.ppt
PC
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What i s a vi r t ual appl i ance?
• Pre-installed and
preconfigured application
packaged along with an OS
in a virtual machine
• Virtual appliances represent an
evolutionary step in the distribution
of software solutions
• Updates (application – OS –
other) is handballed by the
ISV!
http://marketopsrepo.vmware.com/usergroup/preso/Virtual.Applia
nces.Overview.v3.ppt STKI modifications
PC
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Next Gener at i on Lapt ops:
Vi r t ual i zat i on “ Bui l t -i n”
Hyper vi sor f r om Ci t r i x/ Int el
Int el Pr ocessors
personal
deskt op
cor porat e
i mage
Will this lead to BYOC –
Bring Your Own
Computer?
Source: Citrix STKI modifications
131
PC
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Sol i d St at e Dr i ves (SSD) f or l apt ops
PC
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Deskt op vs. Lapt ops?
http://www.geekwithlaptop.com/notebook-laptop-sales-
overtake-desktops-for-first-time/
PC
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PC Depl oyment Opt i ons (and mi x of
t hese opt i ons)
PC
Depl oyment
Bl ade PC
Ser ver Based
Comput i ng
Cl i ent
Technol ogy
Thi n Cl i ent no
OS
Thi n OS –
Wi nCE, Li nux
Wi nXPE , OLD
PC
Ser ver
Technol ogy
Ci t r i x,
Ter mi nal
Ser ver, Jet r o
VDI
Appl i cat i on
St r eami ng
Tradi t i onal
Depl oyment
134
PC
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The Cl ear Cube Sol ut i on – PC Bl ades
Source:
http://www.ehcca.com/presentations/HIPAA9/3_06.ppt
PC
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Thi n Cl i ent s
According to a recent tracker study on the Asia/Pacific excluding
Japan (APEJ) thin client market, total sales of thin clients in 1H
2007 reached 282,667 units, representing an increase of 37.3%
Across the various verticals, the predominant role of thin clients
across the region has shifted away from government/education
segment to financial services …
Source:
http://www.dc.uba.ar/events/eci/2008/courses/n2/Virtualization-
Future.ppt STKI modifications
PC
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VDI – Vi r t ual Deskt op Inf r ast r uct ur e
Source: Citrix STKI modifications
137
Streaming
• PC Vi r t ual i zat i on w i l l ease t he bur den of new PC-HW
assi mi l at i on by t he or gani zat i on –t he PC HW l ayer i s
vi r t ual i zed = st andar d!
PC
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`
Not using the “real HW”
Guest
Host
Thin Client/Desktop
Windows/Linux based
Guest
VDI – Vi r t ual Deskt op Inf rast r uct ur e -
w ho i s doi ng t he r ender i ng?!
The client
The Host – “real HW” but for many users
SPICE is an adaptive remote rendering solution
Utilizes GPU capabilities of the server and/or client
Offloads graphics processing/rendering to client
Source : Redhat stki modifications
PC
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Local t r ends –PC
• For XP user s (most of ent er pr i ses) used PC’s –
Pent i um 4 , 2G RAM , CD, Speaker s, war rant y f or 3
year s at about 700 NIS i s an opt i on!
• Some user s ar e st i l l buyi ng “ IBM Lapt ops” and
not Lenovo
139
PC Local
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• SBC and t hi n cl i ent s ar e mai nl y used i n segment s
• Some or gani zat i ons put mandat or y f or ever y new
appl i cat i on – SBC compat i bl e
• ROI exampl e f or SBC pr oj ect – i n a cal l cent er
envi r onment , l ogi n i n t he mor ni ng t ook 15 mi nut es
(“ boot st or m” ). In SBC t he sessi on i s on i nst ant l y.
• Less suppor t i s needed and upt i me has i ncr eased -
somet i mes dramat i cal l y up t o 10 t i me l ess i nci dent s!
Local Tr ends- SBC
PC Local
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• User s ar e l ooki ng car ef ul l y at VDI – new f or m of SBC
– Not al l appl i cat i on ar e compat i bl e t o t r adi t i onal SBC
– Smal l er shock f or t he end user – st i l l have t he same
envi r onment
• VDI i s mat ur i ng
– Scal abi l i t y compar ed t o t r adi t i onal SBC
– SW di st r i but i on
– St or age needed
• User s l ook mai nl y at VM WARE and CITRIX. Al so
M i cr osof t and Sun M i cr osyst ems
Local Tr ends – VDI
PC Local
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• User s t hat mi gr at e t o Vi st a ar e happy –
st abi l i t y, secur i t y, GREEN, et c.
• M any XP user s w i l l ski p Vi st a and go t o
Wi ndow s 7
• Of f i ce 2007 i s depl oyed gr adual l y. St ages ar e:
– Appl i cat i on compat i bi l i t y and i mage pr eparat i on
(ar ound 50K NIS)
– Trai ni ng and t hen 0.5 days t i ght suppor t (1400 NIS
at cl i ent s l ocat i on per day)
Local Tr ends – Vi st a and Of f i ce 2007
PC Local
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PC Suppor t Rat i os and TCO
• PC Fi r st Level Suppor t Rat i os: f r om 120 user s per Hel p
Desk FTE (r at her aut onomi c or gani zat i on) t o 1400
user s per Hel p Desk FTE i n cent r al i zed (f r om i mage
poi nt of vi ew ) or gani zat i on. M edi an i s 360 user s per
Hel p Desk FTE
• PC second l evel suppor t r at i os: f r om 175 user s per PC
t echni ci an t o 2000 user s per PC t echni ci an. M edi an i s
400 user s per PC t echni ci an
• Syst em PC t eam (bui l di ng t he i mage, t hi r d l evel
suppor t f or syst em PC pr obl ems) r at i os: f r om 350 PC’s
per syst em PC FTE, t o 4000 PC’s per syst em PC FTE
(ver y st abl e or gani zat i on), M edi an i s 1600 PC’s per
FTE
Source: STKI
143
PC Local
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• Can I def i ne Ser vi ce\ St andar ds f or End Poi nt
Devi ces – PC’s , Lapt ops, et c.?
• STKI Round Tabl e: VDI, Tr adi t i onal SBC,
Appl i cat i on Vi r t ual i zat i ons at 20.5.09
STKI r ecommendat i on
144
PC Local
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St orage
STKI IT M odel
145
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146
Technol ogi es M at ur i t y M odel
2009 - St or age
Investment
to make money
Cut costs,
Increase
productivity
Investment
for regulations
Commodity IT
Services
Using Implementing Looking
Business Value
Dedup
f or
Backup
NAS and
SAN
Gr een
St or age
Fl ash
Dr i ves
FC over
Et her net
Thi n
Provi si oni ng
Sophi st i cat ed
snaps f or cr eat i ng
envi r onment s
CDP
Emai l
Archi vi ng
St orage
Vi r t ual i zat i on
Cl oud
St orage
Too many “needed technologies”. Not enough people+ huge storage growth
St or age
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147
FC Frame
Ethernet
Header
Ethernet FCoE
Payload
Ethernet
FCS
S
O
F
E
O
F
C
R
C
Fi br e Channel over Et her net (FCoE)
• Leverages Et her net enhancement s t o car r y Fi br er
Channel t raf f i c over Et her net
• M aps ent i r e FC f rame (i ncl usi ve of SOF/ EOF) ont o
Et her net
Driven by INCITS T11-BB-5 wit h broad indust r y suppor t
http://www.emulex-emc.com/downloads/Emulex-EMC-
LP21000_Product_Presentation.ppt
St or age
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148
148
Et her net vs. Inf i ni band vs. FC ?!
148
0.1
1
10
100
1000
10000
100000
1
9
9
0
1
9
9
1
1
9
9
2
1
9
9
3
1
9
9
4
1
9
9
5
1
9
9
6
1
9
9
7
1
9
9
8
1
9
9
9
2
0
0
0
2
0
0
1
2
0
0
2
2
0
0
3
2
0
0
4
2
0
0
5
2
0
0
6
2
0
0
7
2
0
0
8
2
0
0
9
2
0
1
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
M
B
/
S
e
c
Time
Ethernet's Relentless March
SCSI/FCP Infiniband ATM FDDI Ethernet
i
S
C
S
I
F
C
I
P
F
C
o
E
?
i
W
a
r
p
p
N
F
S
NETAPP -
http://www.partnersummit.com.au/2008/documents/ppts/Technology%
20Directions%20&%20Trends
St or age
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SFP+
Source : GlassHouse
St or age
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Data Written to Disk:
No FAS Dedupe: 75 blocks
FAS Dedupl i cat i on i n Act i on
presentation.ppt
20 x 4K blocks
presentation.ppt
Identical file 20 x 4K blocks
presentation.ppt
Edited, 25 x 4K blocks
job-cv.doc
Different file 10 x 4K blocks
= Identical blocks
With FAS dedupe: 38 blocks
http://www.netappusergroup.com/Presentations/2008November/Dedupe%20on%20Filers.ppt
St or age
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151
Dedup f or Backup envi r onment s
2U
2 - 6 ports
RAID-6
500 GB SATA drives
5.4 to 35.2TB with shelves
File system
NVRAM
N+1 fan
Gateway to:
3PAR, EMC, Fujitsu, HDS, HP, IBM, NetApp, Nexsan, Pillar, Sun, Xiotech
Replication
CIFS, NFS,
NDMP, OpenStorage
Ethernet
FC = VTL
Easy integration with existing environment
Backup and Nearline
Applications
Data Domain DD690 Appliance
St or age
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Dedup f or pr oduct i on st or age?!
• Dedupl i cat i on i s NOT per f or med i n r eal t i me
• ONTAP pr ocess per f or ms dedupl i cat i on
– Onl y one dedupl i cat i on pr ocess can r un on a
f l exi bl e vol ume at a t i me
– Up t o ei ght dedupl i cat i on pr ocesses can r un
concur r ent l y on a cont r ol l er
152
http://www.netappusergroup.com/P
resentations/2008November/Dedu
pe%20on%20Filers.ppt
St or age
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Dedupe and VM war e
• VM war e O/ S VM DKs dedupe ext r emel y wel l
– M axi mum savi ngs can be achi eved by keepi ng
t hese i n t he same vol ume
– 80+% space savi ngs possi bl e (sui t abl e VM DKs)
153
http://www.netappusergroup.com/Prese
ntations/2008November/Dedupe%20on
%20Filers.ppt
St or age
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Fl ash Sol i d St at e Dr i ves f or Ti er “ 0”
Requi r ement s
• 30x IOPS i mpr ovement
• 10x f ast er r esponse t i me
• 38% l ess power per dr i ve
• No movi ng par t s f or hi gh
r el i abi l i t y
• 73GB & 146GB Dr i ves
Unprecedented Application Performance Characteristics
Workload - IOPs
R
e
s
p
o
n
s
e

T
i
m
e

M
i
l
l
i
s
e
c
o
n
d
Flash Drive
15K FC Drive
100% Read Miss Workload
Flash
Drives
Source: EMC with STKI modification
154
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Power Savi ngs St or age
Power On RAID Group
Power Down RAID Group
Server tells Hitachi array to power up for transaction
HDDs power up
Transaction takes place
Server tells Hitachi array to power down
HDDs power down
Source: HDS STKI modifications
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Bl ade St or age Sol ut i on : Common
scenar i o
Snapshots
D2D Backup
Server
Exchange VMware
VMware
SQL
i SCSI St orage
Source: HP STKI modifications
St or age
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Bl ade St or age Sol ut i on
Shared storage, file serving & easy management
in the enclosure
− File/Print Serving ( Windows NAS)
− Shared Application Storage (iSCSI SAN)
− Integrated Data Protection (Snapshots, replication, Data Protector Express BU
Software)
Tape backup
Snapshot
s
Replicatio
n
LAN/
WAN
D2D Backup
Server
Exchange
AiO
SB600c
VMware
VMware
SQL
Source: HP STKI modifications
St or age
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DPM 2007
Continuous Data Protection for Windows Application and File Servers
Rapid and Reliable Recovery from disk instead of tape
Advanced Technology for enterprises of all sizes
DPM 2007
With Integrated Disk & Tape
Tape-based
Archive
Offline Tape
Disk-based
Recovery
Online Snapshots
(up to 512)
Active Directory®
System State
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2008
file shares and directories
Windows XP
Windows Vista
Up to Every 15 minutes
M i cr osof t DPM
St or age
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St or age Rat i os
• Number of TB (Raw ) per St or age St af f M ember (i ncl udi ng backup and
DRP of st or age):
• In Isr ael f r om 10TB per FTE (i n smal l or gani zat i on w i t h 7TB) t o 330TB
per FTE i n l ar ge Tel co\ Def ence\ Fi nance or gani zat i on.
• M edi an i s 1 FTE f or 100TB r aw (i ncl udi ng backup\ dr p)
• Jump i n dat a f r om 50TB per FTE t o 100TB per FTE
• About 25% i ncr eased r at i os f r om l ast year s dat a (f or t he l ar ge
or gani zat i ons)
• Issues i n st or age r at i os:
– Net vs. Gr oss. What i s Net (w i t h DRP, af t er Rai ds)?
– Rai d 1 vs. Rai d 0 vs. Rai d 5 (and ot her Rai d t ypes)
– VTL st orage
– Backup operat i on i s di st r i but ed
Source: STKI
159
St or age
Local
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St or age Rat i os
• St or age i s t he ar ea w her e many cl i ent s compl ai ned t hey ar e
under st af f ed – not abl e t o cont r ol t he al l ocat i ons, pr oact i ve
mai nt enance , new t echnol ogi es
• Want t o have bet t er r at i os? al l ocat e each appl i cat i on hi ghend
st or age x4 of w hat was asked….
• STKI pr edi ct s – IT f ai l ur es caused by St orage
Source: STKI
160
St or age
Local
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• St orage pr i ces f or l ar ge hi ghend st orage deal (above
3M $) i s about 4K$ per raw TB i ncl udi ng SW, HW and
war rant y f or 3 year s (most dr i ves f i ber )
• St orage pr i ces f or not so l ar ge (400K$) deal s ar e
ar ound 3K$-4K$ SW, HW and war rant y f or 3 year s
• Exampl e of good deal (about 20K$) f or mi drange
500G SATA box f or about 1.75K$ per TB.
St or age pr i ci ng dat a
St or age
Local
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• Can I def i ne Ser vi ce\ St andar ds f or St or age,
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• STKI Round Tabl e : St or age t echnol ogi es - VTL,
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ךותמ הידפיקיו l תישפוחה הידפולקיצנאה
תרבח lllllllll llll ll
לארשיב עדימ תוכרעמ םוחתב ץועיי תרבח איה תווצ הליעפמה
םיטסילנא לש םיקנב םיללוכ הרבחה תוחוקל חוטיב תורבח lll
הלשממ ידרשמ ייה תורבח l קט l היישעתו דועו םוקלט תורבח l
ה תונש עצמאב l ד l ר ג l ימי l l םייח ףוקצרווש l תא עציב
לארשיב עדימה תייגולונכט קוש תודוא וגוסמ ןושארה רקחמה lll
תרבח רובע l ילארשיה קושב םילג הכה רקחמה ןתנו
הפוממ יתלב תע התוא דע היהש קושב תיטרקנוק בצמ תנומת lll
ד l ר ףוקצרווש l תנשבו קושה רקחב ךישמה תרבח תא םיקה
lllllll תרבח לש לארשיב תוגיצנכ השמישש
llll l תימלועה הרבחה תרגסמב ד ךישמה l ר
ףוקצרווש l עובק ןפואב םוחתב קוש ירקחמ םסרפל קפסל ןכו
קושב םיליבומה םינוגראהו תורבחל ץועיי תנשב l השכרנ
llll l רנטרג תרבח ידי לע תימלועה דו l ר ףוקצרווש ll
םשה תחת לארשיב םתוליעפב וכישמה םיטסילנאהו ll lll
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