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Indian Act 1892 Congress (organization who establishes a law) passed resolutions demanding the enlargement of Legislative Councils

and introduction of the system of elections. These demands were emphasized by the early nationalists during a session in Indian National Congress. The Indian Council Act of 1892 gave the Indians an opportunity to participate in the legislative process. Russo-Japanese War 1905 This war encouraged all Asian powers that they could unite and overthrew the strong European superpowers. This was an alarm for European nations that the Asian could rebel anytime and overthrew the European countries. The partition of Bengal 1905 The decision to affect the Partition of Bengal was announced in July 1905 by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon. Hindus of Bengal complained that the division will make them a minority in whole of the country while on the other hand, Muslims were happy about this decision. Some Hindus of India protested because it was a part of their company and so was a source of income which would stop after the division. The all India Muslim League 1906 Muslims refused to obey the laws passed by the Indian national Congress. This was what they thought discrimination because they were also the part of the country.The league’s main aim was to advance the political rights and interests of the Muslims of India. With the establishment of All India Muslim League with its headquarters at Lucknow, it elected Sir Aga Khan as its first President. Morley Minto Reforms 1909 In AD 1909, the British announced the Indian Councils Act, popularly known as the Morley-Minto Reforms. The reforms were named after Lord Morley, the Secretary of State for India and Lord Minto, the Indian Viceroy. The right of separate electorate was given to the Muslims from which the Muslims were pleased. But because of this reason Hindus angered and this is the reason of later dispute between both of them. World War I 1914-1918
The Indian Army during World War I contributed largely. One million Indian soldiers served overseas, of whom 62,000 died and another 67,000 were wounded. In total 74,187 Indian soldiers died during the war. In World War I the Indian Army fought against the German Empire in German East Africa and on the Western Front. Indian soldiers were also sent to Egypt and nearly 700,000 served in Mesopotamia.

The reunification of Bengal 1911
Bengal was reunited in 1911 in an effort to both appease the Bengali sentiment and have easier administration but it caused resentment among the Bengali Muslims who benefited from the partition and the resentment lasted until the end of the British rule which ended in 1947 with the partition of Bengal.

The executive should be separated from the judiciary. Gandhi happily accepted this agreement in order to build better relationships with Muslims. The reforms take their name from Edwin Samuel Montagu. It stated:      The India Council must be abolished. Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms In 1921.Mohammed Ali and Shaukat Ali in protest against the injustices done to Turkey after the First World War. The salaries of the Secretary of State for Indian Affairs should be paid by the British government and not from Indian funds. The Khilafat leaders put pressure upon the British government to give better treatment to Turkey. The Khilafat Movement: The Khilafat Movement was organized by the Ali brothers. one should be Indian. the Secretary of State for India during the World War I and Lord Chelmsford. Turkey was important to the Indian Muslims as the Sultan of Turkey was also the ‘Caliph’. The number of Muslims in the provincial legislatures would be laid down province by province. Of the two Under Secretaries. The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms were reforms introduced by the British Government in India to introduce self-governing institutions gradually to India. Lucknow Pact was an agreement made by Indian Congress and Muslim League led by Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Viceroy of India between 1916 and 1921. This whole movement collapsed when Ataturk overthrew the caliph and make Turkey into a republic.Lucknow Pact In 1916. .