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Chapter 1: Introduction to Biology. 1.1 The Study of Biology 1. Biology means study of life. The importance of Biology 1.

Understand various interactions around us. 2. Understand how the human body functions. 3. Finding cures for diseases. 4. Saving endangered species. 5. Management of problems related to the environment. 6. Gene therapy is used to treat genetic diseases. 7. Advances in fields of medicine, agriculture and industry. The different fields of study in Biology Careers related to Biology 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Biotechnologists Environmental engineer Radiographers Occupational therapists Physiotherapists Nurses 7. Opticians 8. Doctors 9. Biomedical scientist 10. Botanist 11. Marine biologist 12. The Scientific Investigation

Agriculture - the science and practice of producing crops and livestock from the natural resources of the earth. Anatomy - the study of the animal form, particularly the human body. Astrobiology - the branch of biology concerned with the effects of outer space on living organisms and the search for extraterrestrial life. Biochemistry - the chemical processes in all living organisms and the study of the structure and function of cellular components, such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and other biomolecules, and of their functions and transformations during life processes. . Biotechnology - applied science that is concerned with biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use. Botany - the scientific study of plants. Cell biology - the study of cells at the microscopic or at the molecular level. It includes studying the cells' physiological properties, structures, organelles, interactions with their environment, life cycle, division and apoptosis.

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the study of biology on the level of the macroscopic individual (plant. especially the mechanisms of hereditary transmission and the variation of inherited characteristics among similar or related organisms. and laboratory techniques involving the interaction of antigens with specific antibodies.the study of microscopic organisms (microorganisms) and their interactions with other living things.the study of parasites and parasitism.the study of biology and biological functions at the molecular level. and wildlife. Toxicology . Parasitology . physiology. natural ecosystems. This is concerned with the studies and schemes of habitat preservation and species protection for the purpose of alleviating extinction crisis and conserving biodiversity. Pathology . development. Entomology . Physiology . including classification. Neurobiology .the biological study of the functions of living organisms and their parts. Macrobiology . the bodily distinction of self from nonself.the study of the nature of disease and its causes. processes.the study of the preservation. and consequences.the study of how natural or man-made poisons cause undesirable effects in living organisms Virology .the science which relates to the prevention. Marine Biology . animals. development. vegetation. Immunobiology .the study of preparation and use of drugs and synthetic medicines. protection. Ecology . innate and acquired immunity. Molecular Biology . Genetics . cure. or other living being) as a complete unit. Conservation Biology . animal. or alleviation of of ocean plants and animals and their ecological relationships.the branch of biology that deals with the anatomy and physiology and pathology of the nervous system. or restoration of the natural environment. some cross over with biochemistry. Pharmacology .study of viruses Zoology . Medicine .the study of animals and animal life. Microbiology . and behavior.                  .a science that deals with heredity.a study of the structure and function of the immune system. and their environment.the scientific study of the relationships between plants.the scientific study of insects.

1. Objective/Aim 2. Procedure 8. Materials & Apparatus 6. Hypothesis 4. Discussion 10.2 The Scientific Investigation Biological Report 1. Variables 5. Problem statement 3. Results 9. Technique 7. Conclusion .