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Pg 150- cutting edge 2_preintermediate Ss book

ING-lish: Spelling Rules for Adding -ing to English Verbs
written by: Gillian Hendrie • edited by: Rebecca Scudder • updated: 7/28/2012
Learn how to spell the progressive (or continuous) form of verbs. This series explains the rules to help you add -ing to verbs correctly.

Are you often confused about when to add letters and when to take them away in the -ing form of English verbs? You are not alone: There are some tricky words just waiting to trip up native speakers of English too! Hopefully this series will clearly demonstrate the four simple rules to help you get your spelling right every time.

A Note on Tenses
As its name suggests, the continuous (or progressive) form of a verb is used with ongoing actions. These could be past, present or even future actions; the -ing ending can be added in each of these cases. Examples

  

PAST: She was eating her breakfast when I saw her at 7 a.m. PRESENT: Now she is walking to school. FUTURE: She will be going to bed at 10 p.m. tonight.

Obviously, the same spelling rules for the -ing form will apply in each case.

Rule 1: Drop the E
Verbs ending in -e (which is usually silent) lose this letter before adding -ing.

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Examples

    

write: The student is writing his essay tonight. take: She said she was taking the dog for a walk. close: When is closing time? concede: I think the wrestler is conceding defeat. prune: Your father is pruning the roses.

As usual in English, there are a couple of exceptions to this rule, as outlined below.

First Exception
Verbs which end in an /i:/ ("ee") sound do not drop the final e. Examples

however.fringing. fringe . 1.hinging. see: Are you seeing things? agree: Sometimes the best policy is agreeing to disagree. 3.lunging. cring .  Additional resources Forming the Present Participle of English Verbs: Spelling Changes and Pronunciation ING-LISH: CORRECT SPELLING OF CONTINUOUS FORMS OF VERBS This series explains the spelling rules for adding -ing to verbs to create the continuous forms. lunge .cringing. (Note.be: She's being very secretive these days. she spent the evening bingeing on chocolate. Consult a dictionary when you come across any new -nge verbs for the spelling of the continuous form. It is split into three articles and four rules. Examples singe: Harry is singeing his eyebrows with the candle! binge:After fasting all day.)  Third Exception The verb "dye". some verbs do not drop the final e. Drop the IE and Add a K: Rules 2 and 3 for Adding -ing to English Verbs ING-lish: Rule 4 for Adding -ing to Verbs in English . ING-lish: Spelling Rules for Adding -ing to English Verbs 2.  Second Exception Some verbs ending in -nge Where the g has a soft sound (like "j" in jam). Example She said she will be dyeing her hair next week. hinge .

and y) For one syllable verbs double the consonant and add -ING     jog .making write .fleeing see .Spelling of Verb + ING For many verbs we make the ING form by simply adding -ING to end of the verb.         eat .jogging sit .eating speak .lying Verbs ending with one vowel and one consonant (with the exception of w.fixing try .speaking cook .agreeing flee .doing stay .trying Verbs ending with -e (with the exception of verbs ending in -ee and -ie) Drop the -e and add ING     hope . x.writing Verbs ending with -ee Just add -ING    agree .starting do .tying lie .hoping ride .running stop .dying tie .riding make .sitting run .staying fix .stopping .seeing Verbs ending with -ie Change the -ie to -y and add -ING    die .cooking start .

preferring begin .visiting If the 2nd syllable is stressed .offering listen .listening visit .For two syllable verbs If the 1st syllable is stressed. double the consonant and add ING    admit .answering offer . just add ING     answer .admitting prefer .begining .