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# Physics 213

Fall 2003 Midterm

Form D

1. In the hydraulic press shown, the small piston "a" has diameter 3.8 cm and the larger piston "A" has diameter 53.0 cm. What force magnitude f on the small piston will balance a 2.0 x 104 N force F on the larger piston?

A. B. C. D. E.

0.1 N 2.0 x 104 N 103 N 2.8 x 105 N 3.9 x 106 N

2. A 1024 Hz tuning fork is used to obtain a series of resonance levels in a gas column of variable length, with one end closed and the other open. The length of the column changes by 20 cm from resonance to resonance. From this data, the speed of sound in this gas is: A. B. C. D. E. 20 m/s 410 m/s 102 m/s 205 m/s 51 m/s

3. What fraction of the volume of an ice cube floats above the surface in a glass of water? Take the density of ice to be 917 kg/m3 and water to be 998 kg/m3. A. B. C. D. E. 3% 90% 0.1% 10% 8%

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D. Take the densities of water and ice to be 998 kg/m3 and 917 kg/m3. moves upward with an acceleration g.Physics 213 Fall 2003 Midterm Form D 4. 588 m3 233 m3 147 m3 39 m3 49 m3 6. B. What is the approximate minimum area of the top surface of a rectangular slab of ice 0. moves downward with an acceleration g/3. A horizontal pipe 4. After a plug securing the pipe opening is removed. The fluid that would have been in the space now occupied by the lump has a mass of 2 kg. 3. moves upward with an acceleration g/3. moves downward with an acceleration g. 5. D. B.3 m thick floating on fresh water that will hold an automobile of mass 1100 kg just above the surface of the water? Assume the centers of mass of the car and the ice are vertically aligned. C. it A. A. E. C.0 m below the water surface. B.0 cm in diameter passes through the dam 6.7 m2 444 m2 46 m2 no area is large enough area cannot be determined from the information given Page 2 . E. as shown in the figure. D. When the lump is released. An irregular 3kg lump of material is submerged in a fluid. C. remains in place. E. respectively. Fresh water of density ρ = 1000 kg/m3 is behind a reservoir dam that is 15 m deep. how much water flows out in 3 hours? A.

B. B. B.5 4. D. 410 m 6. C. D. 1.6 N 2. D.6 x 103 N 2. 1 2. 1.Physics 213 Fall 2003 Midterm Form D 7.0 m 1. 0. 0.10 m from a point sound source.33 1. A stretched wire of length 1. 0.4 2. 0. 2. E. the sound level is 60.0 m 41.5. What is the weight of the anchor in air? A. When you are 4.67.29 m 8. 1.4 x 103 N 1. C.0 dB? A. An iron anchor of density 7870 kg/m3 appears 300 N lighter in water (ρwater = 1000 kg/m3) than in air. The three longest wavelengths in the wire are (in meters): A. 0. E. E. 0. C.67.5 9.4 x 102 N Page 3 . How far away from the same source must you be for the sound level to be 50.76 m 13.4 N 2. 0. It is plucked at its center as shown.0 m is clamped at both ends.0 dB.

Choices 2. which states that the higher the air velocity. 4. D. one after another. wave 1 consists of a rectangular peak of height 4 units and width d. respectively? A. E. none of these interference patterns can occur. B. 11. remains in place due to Bernoulli's law. depths and widths that travel to the left. The wave travels to the right along an x-axis. remains in place due to Bernoulli's law. the ping-pong ball: A. flies out due to Bernoulli's law which states that the higher the air velocity. the higher the pressure. 4. E. along the same x-axis as wave 1.Physics 213 Fall 2003 Midterm Form D 10. D. In the figure. C. With which choice will the interference give. Page 4 . where h is the diameter of the ball. remains in place due to the slightly higher atmospheric pressure below the ball given by ρairgh. the deepest valley. 3 2. 2. the lower the pressure. and a rectangular valley of depth 2 units and width d. 3 4. 4. 3 due to superposition. 4. When air is blown at sufficiently high velocity into the narrow end of the funnel. B. C. flies out due to the pressure provided by the gust of air. 3 3. a flat line and a level peak 2d wide. with the same heights. 3 and 4 are similar waves. which states that the higher the air velocity. A ping-pong ball is placed in an inverted funnel as shown. the lower the pressure. for an instant.

13.0 Hz 985. B. B. B.Physics 213 Fall 2003 Midterm Form D 12. 170 and 510 Hz 340 and 680 Hz 340 and 1020 Hz 57 and 170 Hz 170 and 340 Hz 14. Which of the following wave properties is not the same for the two traveling waves that interfere to produce the standing wave? A. are approximately: A. B. A woman is running at speed 5 m/s toward a man who is singing a note of frequency 1. E. E. E. D. C. E. D. If the speed of sound is 340 m/s. C. What percentage of the volume of your body will be above the surface of the quicksand? A. D. closed at one end. A. the two lowest frequencies of an 0.5 m organ pipe.1 Hz 15. D. the wave speed the frequency the amplitude the direction of travel all of the above properties must be the same to produce a standing wave.9 times that of your body.2 Hz 1330. You are in quicksand that has a density 1. What is the frequency she measures? The speed of sound in air is 330 m/s. 60 % 40 % 47 % 6% 53 % Page 5 .6 Hz 1335. A standing wave on a stretched string results from the interference of two traveling waves.4 Hz 1015. 1015. C.000 Hz. C.

70 mJ 140 mJ 0 mJ 35 mJ 17. E. C. D. 199 N 295 N 1795 N 74 N none of the above Page 6 . as shown in the figure.5 m and an initial cross-sectional area of 2. B.5 mJ 17. Fresh water of density ρ = 1000 kg/m3 is behind a reservoir dam that is 15 m deep. E.0 m below the water surface. C. The figure shows the stress versus strain plot for an aluminum wire (E = 70 x 109 N/m2) that is stretched by a machine pulling in opposite directions at the two ends of the wire.0 cm in diameter passes through the dam 6. The wire has an initial length of 0. The magnitude of the frictional force between the plug and the pipe wall is: A.0 x 10-6 m2. A horizontal pipe 4.Physics 213 Fall 2003 Midterm Form D 16. B. How much work does the force from the machine do on the wire to produce a strain of 1.00 x 10-3? A. D. A plug secures the pipe opening.

Rank the situations in order of decreasing frequency detected by the detector. B. The speeds of the detector and the source are equal to each other and are identical in all situations. The figure depicts different situations wherein a source of sound (S) and a detector (D) move with respect to each other.5 meters 15. When the student hears a frequency of 420 Hz. E.7 meters 15. D D S D (A = D) > B > C B > (A = D) > C (A = D) > C > B C > (A = D) > B C > B > (A = D) 19. 11. B. C. C. A S D S B D C S A.0 meters Page 7 . A physics student drops a vibrating 440-Hz tuning fork down an empty elevator shaft. D. A.6 meters 20.Physics 213 Fall 2003 Midterm Form D 18. how far has the tuning fork fallen? The speed of sound in air is 330 m/s. E.0 meters 12. D.

S1 and S2. they are separated by a distance D = 1. D.75 m. Two isotropic sources of sound. If we move a sound detector around a large circle with radius r>>D and centered at the midpoint between the sources. 7 16 2 8 14 Page 8 .50 m. E. and on the large circle on a line directly to the right (or left) of the two sources. As shown in the figure.Physics 213 Fall 2003 Midterm Form D 20. emit waves in phase at a wavelength 0. C.on the large circle directly above the two sources. B. S1 D S2 A. at how many points do waves arrive at the detector exactly in phase? You may wish to consider two "extreme" situations in the process of answering this question .

Answer Key for Test "P213MidtermFa03. on Q-Bank Test Correct Answer 68 30 1 C 69 3 2 B 68 25 3 E 68 26 4 E 68 28 5 C 68 32 6 C 70 13 7 C 69 2 8 D 68 29 9 B 69 25 10 C 68 33 11 A 69 10 12 D 70 16 13 A 70 3 14 B 68 31 15 C 67 12 16 D 68 27 17 D 70 17 18 D 70 6 19 D 69 24 20 E Page 1 . 9/20/2004 No. in No.tst".