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Introduction to Limits:

What is Before we define what Limits is; it very important for us to understand basic concept of Limits, its usage in day to day life. Let’s look at an example: where Limits can be used in day to day life. Continu

Limits?

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JOHN

Imagine JOHN and MARK, going to school early morning. JOHN com and MARK coming from RIGHT. They both arrive at school. They the sch boundary. Means they can not go beyond school. So the School is T Co which they can go to maximum. Privacy policy

School

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JOHN

School

So Limits Exits when Both JOHN and MARK Arrive at School. Don’t w their Timing.

Co

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JOHN

Local Shop

School

If JOHN wishes to find his speed at Local shop, he can find it. Same to MARK.

Co

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Let’s look at another example; An aeroplane flying on below RED line, you want to find its speeds at point A. Formula for drawing the red line is as follow, + 3 Now you want to find its speed at point say A = 4. So you just replace it where ever you see In this case it will be: 4+43 = 4 + 64 = 68

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+ 3 A = 4. So you just replace it where ever you see . =4+43 = 4 + 64 = 68 Question: Does this graph have limit?

Continu e

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Question: Does this graph have limit? Yes! Because if you come from top and from bottom you can arrive at a point.

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Now let look at last example of
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LIMITS. Imagine you drop a stone into a bowl from Left, you can calculate its speed at point A. Question what would you do to determine the speed of stone at point A?

A

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Answer: Turn the bowl graph Upside down.

L eft

A

R ight

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Earlier we said Limits exist IF AND ONLY IF Function (Graph) is continuous. So what do we mean by

continuous?

Let’s go back to first example. JOHN and MARK

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JOHN

School

If draw this Line as a graph, it would look like this;

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Imagine you have hole in to the line, A & B. what if JOHN and Mark try to go? Yes! They will fall ove might hurt them self.

John A B
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Mark

John

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Do you think this graph is continu

NO! Because it has hole in it. Let’s look at some examples of Continuous an discontinuous graph. Click Continue

John A
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Mark B Mark
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How about this graph? Is it Continuous or discontinuous? Continuous

Continu

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Definition of Limits according to Literature

f (x) = x2

if you want to find value when and x = 2, you just replace x with 2. 22 = 4 8 6 4 2 2

the graph if f(x) = x2

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To write this in mathematical formula it follows;

lim f(x) = x2 X 2 2 It means Limit of our function x . What is the value when x is replace by 2 Contin
ue

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lim f(x) = x X 2
lim = Limits

2

f(x) = function to draw line, curve, could be any kind
of graph.

X  2 = find value of function (f(x)) when x is
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Now let’s recap;

Mathematical Limits is a Graph or a Curve or a Function. Arrive at a point for Left and Right on that function.

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2. Limit exist IF AND ONLY IF the graph is CONTINOUS. 3. CONTINOUS function is a smooth graph which has no, jump in the graph, has no gap in the graph.

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4. DISCONTINOUS graph is graph where it has break in graph, wihch is not smooth. Below graph shows 1,-1 Y values hence it is not CONTINOUS. REMEMBER a FUNCTION = a GRAPH, means exactly samething.

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5. Limits According to Books; lim f(x) = x + x x -->2
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2

3

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lim f(x) = x + x x -->2 lim = called Limits f(x) = F of x. 2 3 x + x = function to draw graph x--> 2 = x goes to 2, or x approches to 2
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2

3

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Test
What is Limits? (Check boxes)
a. DISCONTINOUS b. Arriving at a point from Left and Right c. Continuous Function 3 d. + 2. What is Continuous Graph? (Check boxes) a. a Graph b. Smooth Graph c. Graph with no Jump or Break d. X 2 3. Limit Exist IF AND ONLY IF: (radio buttons)
a. Graph has a curve b. The graph is Discontinuous c. The function is continuous d. The has a point.

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What is function f(x)? (radio buttons)
A graph Continuous Limits Y lim stands for? (radio buttons) limit little limitations limitary limited limiter Organise this. (Drag and Drop ) Lim, =, x2,

+

3

,

f(x) PREV NEXT

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7. What f(x) stands for? a. Function of x-mas b. Function of x c. f of x 8. What is the correct result of f(x) = x+x+3. lim3? a. 3 b.3+3 c.9 d.6 e.3*3

9.

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