ELE 3104 ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY FOR YOUNG LEARNERS MIND MAPPING

Lesson is a learning event in which all the activities are arranged to serve one central pedagogic aim (Chitravelu, N., Sithamparam, S. & Teh S.C. (2005). ELT Methodolgy : Principles and Practice)

To decide the stage of a lesson, it involves how many activities that will be conducted in the lesson and role for each activity in achieving the main purpose of the lesson

Lesson Planning

Target group, integration of language skills and selection of language content are things that need to be considered in constructing a lesson plan.

References:
Read Brown, H.D. (2001) Teaching by Principles : An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy, Ch. 10. Chitravelu, N., Sithamparam, S. & Teh S.C. (2005). ELT Methodolgy : Principles and Practice, Ch. 2. Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia.. (2003). Kurikulum Baru Sekolah Rendah (KBSR) Bahasa Inggeris

the learning outcomes and the stages of the lesson - The planning phase

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S.ELE 3104 ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY FOR YOUNG LEARNERS Step 1: The teacher should make the students understand and clear about what they should do during the class activity. (2003). ELT Methodolgy : Principles and Practice. Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia. Kurikulum Baru Sekolah Rendah (KBSR) Bahasa Inggeris Step 3: the teacher also should help the students to gain confidence by encouraging them to ignore the bits they do not understand while listening and just focus to understand and complete the task given Page | 13 . N. Teaching Listening Step 2: the teacher must make sure that the students know and understand what they are listening for each time. Step 4: the teacher must choose a suitable place and period for listening lesson. (2005). Ch.. 2. Sithamparam.. the teacher can ask several questions regarding the content of the topic of the listening input so that they can grasp the essence of the text References: Chitravelu. & Teh S. In order to ensure their understanding.C.

(2005). References: Read Brown.ELE 3104 ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY FOR YOUNG LEARNERS Step 1: The teacher can make the condition of the class friendlier and less stressful. Ch. Step 3: The teacher has to plan earlier before teaching session in terms of materials and lesson objectives. According to Brown H. Chitravelu.. Ch. Page | 14 . 10. (2001) Teaching by Principles : An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy.D (2001). practice and production stage. ELT Methodolgy : Principles and Practice.C. & Teh S. Teaching Speaking Step 2: The teacher has to develop the accuracy and fluency of the students by two aspects which are the correct and appropriate words and fluency. Sithamparam.D. S. N. there are three stages in oral lessons which are presentation. H. 2.

ELE 3104 ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY FOR YOUNG LEARNERS Covert Teaching : the teacher draws the students’ attention to learn grammar by teaching grammar without giving attention to grammatical rules (Harmer. ELT Methodolgy : Principles and Practice.C. focused practice and communicative practice. N.. 1988) Teaching grammar can be divided into three stages . Sithamparam. Ch.Presentations. 1988) References: Chitravelu. S. (2005). Page | 15 . 2. & Teh S. Teaching Grammar Overt Teaching : the teacher will explain the rules of the grammar explicitly when he presenting the new language (Harmer.

Page | 16 . N.Find a suitable text . References: Chitravelu. early reading. Teaching Reading Teaching Reading Guidelines: . Ch. (2005). S. & Teh S..C.Study the text carefully .Think and plan the activity based on the text Stages 3 : Post-reading The students will look out of the text and see the relevance of it.ELE 3104 ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY FOR YOUNG LEARNERS Four stages recognized in reading skills which are: reading readiness. developmental reading and mature reading Stages 1 : Pre-reading The teacher will stimulate interest in the topic chosen so that the students will not feel bored during the lesson. 2. Sithamparam. Stages 2 : While Reading The students will read the text and answer the questions given. ELT Methodolgy : Principles and Practice.

However.ELE 3104 ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY FOR YOUNG LEARNERS Visual Techniques : Teacher draw a picture and ask the students "What is this?" Teaching Vocabulary Translation Techniques : Easy and save time.org Page | 17 .wikipedia. Verbal Techniques : using synonym and definition of the word (sadunhappy. translation does not always convey the exact meaning of the words. etc) References: Vocabulary. www.

ELT Methodolgy : Principles and Practice. Sithamparam. Stage 3: Developmental Writing the teacher should focus on the correctness of spelling in writing Page | 18 . (2001) Teaching by Principles : An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. S. & Teh S. 2. Teaching Writing Stage 2: Early Writing the students’ knowledge in English language has increased such as knowledge in grammar. H. Ch.. 10.ELE 3104 ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY FOR YOUNG LEARNERS Stage 1 : Writing Readiness the students will learn to write in English for the first time Stage 4: Mature Writing The students are able to write correctly with minimum mistakes. (2005). vocabulary and sentence structure References: Read Brown. Ch.D. Chitravelu.C. N.

short stories. Page | 19 . & Teh S. A. Literature. & Maley.C.. Showalter. E. A. 2. (1990). ELT Methodolgy : Principles and Practice. S. (2002). G. Sithamparam.ELE 3104 ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY FOR YOUNG LEARNERS Teacher can ask students to make a group and present the literary reading by performing play or poem. (2005). Oxford: Blakewell Publishing. Lazar. Teaching Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press Teacher can ask student to produce poems. Duff. (1993) Literature and Language Teaching. Teaching Literature References: Chitravelu. N. or script of a play. Ch. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

www.wikipedia.ELE 3104 ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY FOR YOUNG LEARNERS Content-based Instruction: emphasizes on learning the content through language In order to integrate the language skills. the teacher should learn more about the various ways to integrate language skills in the classroom Integration of Language Skills Task-based Instruction: focuses on doing tasks that need communicative language use References: Langguage Skills.org Page | 20 .

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