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NASA/CR-2002-211628 ICASE Report No.

2002-10

The Virtual Crack Closure Technique: History, Approach and Applications


Ronald Krueger ICASE, Hampton, Virginia

April 2002

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April 2002

3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED

Contractor Report

The virtual crack closure technique: History, approach and applications

5. FUNDING NUMBERS

6. AUTHORS

C NAS1-97046 WU 505-90-52-01

Ronald Krueger
8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER

7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAMES AND ADDRESSES

ICASE Mail Stop 132C NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA 23681-2199

ICASE Report No. 2002-10


10. SPONSORING MONITORING AGENCY REPORT NUMBER

9. SPONSORING MONITORING AGENCY NAMES AND ADDRESSES

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, VA 23681-2199

NASA CR-2002-211628 ICASE Report No. 2002-10

11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES

12a. DISTRIBUTION AVAILABILITY STATEMENT

Langley Technical Monitor: Dennis M. Bushnell Final Report To be presented at Composite Materials Handbook, Next General Session. Unclassi ed Unlimited Subject Category 34 Distribution: Nonstandard Availability: NASA-CASI 301 621-0390

12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE

13. ABSTRACT Maximum 200 words

An overview of the virtual crack closure technique is presented. The approach used is discussed, the history summarized, and insight into its applications provided. Equations for two-dimensional quadrilateral elements with linear and quadratic shape functions are given. Formulae for applying the technique in conjuction with threedimensional solid elements as well as plate shell elements are also provided. Necessary modi cations for the use of the method with geometrically nonlinear nite element analysis and corrections required for elements at the crack tip with di erent lengths and widths are discussed. The problems associated with cracks or delaminations propagating between di erent materials are mentioned brie y, as well as a strategy to minimize these problems. Due to an increased interest in using a fracture mechanics based approach to assess the damage tolerance of composite structures in the design phase and during certi cation, the engineering problems selected as examples and given as references focus on the application of the technique to components made of composite materials.

14. SUBJECT TERMS

17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF REPORT NSN 7540-01-280-5500

nite element analysis, fracture mechanics, crack closure integral, composite structures, 64 delamination, interlaminar fracture 16. PRICE CODE A04 Unclassi ed

15. NUMBER OF PAGES

Unclassi ed

18. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 19. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 20. LIMITATION OF THIS PAGE OF ABSTRACT OF ABSTRACT Standard Form 298Rev. 2-89
Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39-18 298-102