Mónica  Adriana  López  Hernández   UID  804243963   Urbanization  in  the  Developing  World   Department  of  Urban  Planning

,  235A   Fall  2012   Essay’s  framework  

  Project  Title:    
Planning  suburban  areas  as  a  strategy  for  risks  reduction  in  Mexico  City  Metropolitan  Zone.  

Mexico   City´s   location   and   soil   composition   makes   it   vulnerable   to   earthquakes   and   volcano   eruptions.  The  first  threat  is  related  to  the  closeness  to  the  Guerrero  gap  (just  175km1  ),  created   by  the  Cocos  plate  subduction,  some  centimeters  every  year,  beneath  the  North  American  Plate.   This   fact   frequently   converts   all   the   pressure   in   waves   that   travel   long   distances.   When   this   waves   reach   Mexico   City   can   be   enlarged   due   to   the   swampy   soil   that   constitutes   most   of   the   downtown   area,   leading   to   important   earthquakes.     The   second   threat   that   can   make   the   city   vulnerable   is   the   Popocatepetl   volcano,   just   72km2  away   from   Mexico   City’s   downtown,   but   within   a   shorter   distance   to   the   recently   established   suburban   areas.     The   volcanic   activity   might   have   as   a   consequence   the   delivery   of   volcano   dust   in   the   cities   affecting   the   drainage   systems   and  telecommunications.         Additional   to   the   natural   threats,   we   should   consider   other   facts   deeply   affecting   the   suburban   areas  population:     • The  city  is  the  largest  one  in  Mexico  and  very  attractive  for  the  people  willing  to  search   for  working  opportunities.  Most  of  the  people  that  move  from  the  rural  area  to  the  city   establish  in  the  periphery  due  to  the  prohibitive  prices  in  the  city.  The  suburban  areas   have  grown  fast  in  recent  years  escaping  from  strict  building  regulation  and  suffering  a   lack  of  services  such  as  access  to  water,  sanitation  and  health  services.       • Most   of   the   people   establish   in   the   periphery   are   working   in   the   city.   The   commuting   time   is   usually   around   2-­‐3   hours   to   get   to   work   and   the   same   time   to   return   to   their   house.  The  reduction  of  4-­‐6  hours  of  their  spare  time  per  day  affects  deeply  the  quality  of   life  of  the  families.         • Some   suburban   areas   become   dormitory   cities,   due   to   a   lack   of   mixed   used   land   policies.   It   also   complicates   the   satisfaction   of   the   residents’   demands   for   leisure,   cultural   activities,  sports  and  even  groceries.       • A   cultural   idea   suggests   that   everybody   should   own   their   piece   of   land   to   be   able   to   inherit  something  to  their  families  and  be  less  financially  vulnerable.    As  a  result,  the  city   grows  larger  because.  People  prefer  owning  a  piece  of  land  where  they  can  build  freely   rather  than  living  pilled  up  in  apartments.    

The  topic  is  relevant  because  over  50%  of  the  inhabitants  of  Mexico  City  Metropolitan   Zone  live  outside  Mexico  City.  (Over  12  million  inhabitants3)    

                                                                                                                      1  Cárdenas,  J.  R.  (Unknown)  La  brecha  de  Guerrero.  Proyecto  Temas  de  Ciencia  Contemporánea.   2  Information  taken  from  Centro  Nacional  de  Prevención  de  Desastres  (CENAPRED)-­‐  National   Disaster  Prevention  Center.   3  Data  from  the  National  census  2010.  By  INEGI.  Retrieved  from:  www.inegi.gob.mx  

  • •   .     Methodology:     • Primarily  desk  research  that  includes.     Observe  the  recommendations  by  NGO’s  and  research  institutes.Question     • • •   What  do  we  know  about  prevention  disaster  management  in  suburban  areas  and  the   policies  already  implemented?   What  do  we  know  about  support  for  local  business  to  avoid  the  people  moving  to  Mexico   City  downtown?   What  are  the  improvements  to  make  the  commute  less  hampered?     Objective:       Observe  suburban  issues  and  its  engagement  with  the  urban  policy  proposals.  This  research  is  relevant  due  to  the  number  of  people  living  on  suburban  areas   and  the  related  economic  impact.  For  this  purpose   we  are  undertaking  approaches  to  different  types  of  risks  faced  by  the  communities  established   in  the  Periphery.  but  goes  well  beyond  the  multi-­‐disciplinary   development  literature  to  also  cover  current  policies  implemented  and  search  for   existing  project  proposals.     Suburban  zones  to  observe  f  would  be  selected  based  on  ranking  of  risk  zones  in  Mexico   City  Metropolitan  Zone.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful