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GREEN TURBINETM has developed a small light weight turbo generator, with a relatively high efficiency. This micro turbo generator is a compact steam turbine with an output in the range of 1-15 kW. Turbines this small did not exist until now. The advantages related to the other types of generators are: high power to weight ratio silent operation no vibrations straight forward rugged design long service intervals low cost external combustion, fit for all types of fuel clean combustion, no pollution by lubricants very flexible in electric power type: AC, DC, 1 or 3 phase, voltage, frequency For proper operation the turbine needs the following components: A condenser (plate heat exchanger) A vacuum pump, also working as a condensate pump An overspeed protector device A rectifier An inverter, if grid connection is required Green Turbine can offer advice on these components. Please contact us for more information. More information and specifications: Download our Brochure (PDF) Download the Flyer Green Turbine 1.2 kW (PDF) The Green Turbine 15 kW is currently being developed. The Beta version is expected to be ready in Q3 of 2013 Download the Specs Green Turbine 15 kW (PDF)

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Green Turbine

Green Turbine 1.2 kW


The GREEN TURBINETM 1.2 kW is now available for sale. The weight of a GREEN TURBINETM of 1,2 kW output is approximately 9 kg, The length is 28 cm, diameter is 19 cm. Steam pressure is 5,2 bar absolute, condenser pressure is 0,1 bar. A higher condenser pressure (0,25 bar) is possible but output and efficiency will be lower. Temperature of the steam is 200 C. The generators deliver 3 phase AC, frequency 1000 Hz. After rectification the power is fed to a DC/AC converter, capable of conversion to the desired output (e.g. 120 VAC/60 Hz). The smallest size of the GREEN TURBINETM will deliver 1 kW, the largest size 15 kW. The modern design (patent pending) does not need guide blades and gears, increasing reliability and efficiency. Losses are further reduced by using a near vacuum for the turbine wheels and generators. The main advantages are: Low weight Low cost Low maintenance Long life Low noise, low vibration The high speed, about 30,000 rpm, makes a very compact machine. The use of a condenser results in a closed feedwater/steam circuit. The heat, released in the condenser, can be used for heating or cooling purposes.

Environment
The GREEN TURBINETM is a generator using external combustion, electricity can be generated with every available fuel. External combustion makes its possible to control combustion and therefore emission levels to a very high degree. As the temperature of the steam is relatively low (200 C), waste heat can often be used to fire the turbine, enabling combined cycle applications with the turbine as second stage. This type of application enhances the total efficiency. A CHP domestic heater with a GREEN TURBINETM can have an overall effiency of 95% or higher and will save 1 ton CO2 annually. That is because part of the electricity we need in a household is self-generated and not purchased from the grid. Public power plants generate electricity with an efficiency of approx. 45%. So 55% of the energy is waste heat, dumped in the environment. The fossil fuel, associated with this 55% waste energy, is converted to CO2 and can be saved if we use CHP. If all 80 million households in the US use CHP units, 80 million tons CO2 annually will be saved. This represents a huge decrease in CO2 output, not

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Green Turbine

only in absolute terms but also relatively. Another benefit is the fact that 80 million CHP units, having even a small capacity of 1 kW each, represents a total capacity of 80 gigawatt. That is the capacity of 80 large conventional power plants. Those plants, otherwise needed for satisfying increasing demand, will not be built. The corresponding power infrastructure, such as transmission lines, transformer stations etc. are also unnecessary. This represents large capital costs savings and less environmental impact. In a number of countries, subsidies are available to promote the use of domestic CHP units. This can be a subsidy for investment, tax, or the price for power being fed back into the grid. Those subsidies can have a major impact upon the speed of market penetration.

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TURBINE

GREEN

GREEN TURBINEtm 

GREEN TURBINE converting heat into electricity


Governments all over the world are now introducing new regulations, tax benefits and deductions for those that go green. By setting these incentives, companies, as well as homeowners are encouraged to contribute to a worldwide quest to reduce the global CO2 emission. The US have set their own goals, the Obama administration wants to bring back greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent before 2050. The United Kingdom is aiming to reach 60 percent by 2050 but already wants to see real progress by 2020.
GREEN TURBINEtm fully supports these intentions and is putting all her efforts into making this goal a reality. While these current global developments are taking place, we see that both consumers and producers are searching for more sustainable energy alternatives, as well as aiming for more efficient ways of dealing with energy, which are less damaging for the environment. In this regard our product line, GREEN TURBINEtm, is fully consistent with the current zeitgeist, despite the basic principle being more than a century old. GREEN TURBINEtm is a small, lightweight, steam driven turbo generator which generates electricity with a relatively high yield. In addition, the turbine operates silently with virtually no vibration. GREEN TURBINEtm has an integrated generator in the power range of 1-15kW. Commercial turbines of this size do not as yet exist

Because of its small size (somewhat larger than a football), and its light weight (approx. 9 kg), the GREEN TURBINEtm can be used for a variety of purposes:
Micro combined heaters Solar energy: the heat from the sun can be converted into steam Hybrid cars and trucks: the heat of the engine can be used to generate electricity Biomass: biodegradable waste that can be burned as fuel Greenhouse heating whilst simultaneously generating electricity and extra heat. Vessels: can use the heat from the engine and therefore have cleaner emissions Heating swimming pools and at the same time generating electricity Diesel engines/gast turbines in Combined Cycle applications Wood (pellet) stoves

The steam that drives the turbine, can be obtained by any type of fuel including solar energy, waste heat from industrial pocesses and internal combustion engines, thus greatly improving the overall efficiency.This makes GREEN TURBINEtm highly suitable for the present-day renewable energy industry. With combustion taking place externally, it is possible to control combustion and therefore emission levels to a very high degree, consequently helping to reduce the CO2 levels and contributing to a cleaner environment.. As a result, our management believes that GREEN TURBINEtm will offer customers one of the most cost effective and environmentally friendly ways to produce electricity.

Waste heat recovery


Waste heat refers to heat produced by machines, vehicles, electrical equipment and industrial processes for which no useful application can be found and is therefore regarded as a waste by-product. The burning of transport fuels is a major contribution to waste heat. Instead of wasting this heat, we would be better off using its potential by coverting it into an extra source of energy that can help increase the efficiency of an application. This will result in saving fuel and/or energy for the benefit of our environment. Fuel savings is the most obvious benefit of waste heat recovery and this is the key motivating factor for companies to invest in equipment to tap their waste energy. Other than that, a reduction in fuel usage also results in less emission of pollutants, which include carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulphide and sulphur dioxide, to the environment. Moreover, emission of carbon dioxide, which is a green house gas, will also be reduced. GREEN TURBINEtm is the only CHP application that can convert low temperature waste heat (130 C or higher) into electrical power, hot and/or cold water.

When excess heat is being rejected, the efficiency of the apparatus will decrease below 100%. When, for instance, the waste heat from a car engine in the winter is used for the car radiator, the efficiency will increase. In the summer time this heat might be released via the radiator which will decrease the efficiency. Unless a method is used to utilize this heat energy, for example in the air conditioning of the vehicle, the efficiency will decrease again. You can apply this principle generally in a whole range of operations.
Waste heat can have a low temperature, in that case it is hard or impossible to convert it to electricity. The only option is to use the heat for space heating or water heating. Though this is not always possible, due to economic reasons or too great a distance from producer to market.

GREEN TURBINEtm 

With temperatures of 130 C and higher, we can use steam turbines, such as GREEN TURBINEtm to produce electricity. Practically no other energy generator is capable of converting this low temperature waste heat into electrical energy. In Combined Cycle applications GREEN TURBINEtm can be used as a second stage turbine which will boost the total efficiency once again. Scientists dictate that the conversion of heat into electricity is more efficient when the temperature of the waste heat is higher. But even with low efficiency the recovery costs can be substantial, as not using waste heat always means throwing away energy! As we have earlier referred to, when the temperature of the waste heat rises, as in large diesel engines, the possibilities of conversion into electricity is greater. Diesel engines dispose of high temperature waste heat, often around 600 C. The conversion of this high temperature waste heat with GREEN TURBINEtm can give a very good return on increasing the efficiency. This utilization of waste heat can prove to be a good investment; 1 megawatt waste heat generates 110- 190 kWe. At a annual 24/7 base of 0.1 euro per kW/h will yield 95.000 to 160.000.

Applications Micro co-generation


Micro CHP (Combined Heat and Power) , also known as Micro co-generation, is a generic term for a large amount of techniques that can produce heat and electricity for a house or small business. CHP is the use of a heat engine or a power station to simultaneously generate both electricity and useful heat. It is one of the most common forms of energy recycling. Conventional power plants emit heat created as a by-product of electricity generation to the natural environment. With (micro) CHP this waste heat can be recovered and converted into, for example, spacial heating which saves energy and reduces the CO2 emissions. Co-generation plants are now producing about 8 percent of all energy in the US. Outside the U.S. energy recycling is more common, with Denmark leading as the most active energy recycler.

Micro CHP heaters


A domestic CHP heater is an alternative option to a normal central heating unit. Contrarily to the well used central heating unit, it is driven by heat-demand, delivering electricity as a by-product. This electricity can be used within the home or business or fed back into the electric power grid. The current market for CHP heaters has not yet been fully realized. Existing micro CHP products have high initial costs between 10.000 and 20.000 which make them less attractive for cost recovery. Usually the units are quite big in size, approximately the size of a

refrigerator, which limits the application for domestic use. There are other disadvantages such as the noise they produce, also the life span is not yet fully proven which could in turn influence the life-cycle costs.

GREEN TURBINEtm has the following advantages over other types of generators:
the small size low costs silent operation less vibrations practical design long service intervals high power to weight ratio fit for all fuel types clean combustion, no pollution by lubricants very flexible in electric power type: AC, DC, 1 or 3 phase, voltage, frequency GREEN TURBINEtm powered heaters will enable any homeowner or small business to produce 100% of their heating and hot water needs at a huge savings while generating up to 80% of their electriity needs. Besides micro CHP heaters, GREEN TURBINEtm can also be used in Combined Cycle applications in the range up to 25 kWe. The total savings on electricity bills per household can amount to as much as 500 to 900 dollars per year. It is very likely that energy prices will rise even more in the future. Within 5 years of purchase, a micro CHP heat with GREEN TURBINEtm will have earned enough to fully repay its purchase costs. GREEN TURBINEtm is also suitable for CHP applications in small and medium-sized businesses. A 15 kW turbine is operating at 2,500 hours / year 37,500 kWh to produce electricity and also provide spacial heating and hot water. At 0.1 electricity costs, the investment is quickly recouped. Because of its ability to efficiently convert and harness waste heat, GREEN TURBINEtm is an excellent product to use in the current green energy market. One of the difficulties renewable energy systems (e.g. solar energy, fuel cells and bio gas) encounter, is that they produce a great amount of waste heat which has a negative impact on the total efficiency of the system. In these cases GREEN TURBINEtm can convert the waste heat into extra electricity and increase the attainable efficiency of, for instance solar energy with 10 20 %.

Hybrid/fuel cars and trucks


GREEN TURBINEtm can prove to be a valuable addition to a hybrid car or truck. Its steam turbine can extend the range of a hybrid car with 20%. Approximately 75 % of the total energy consumption of a car consists of GREEN TURBINEtm 

waste heat. This is a considerable quantity. GREEN TURBINEtm can collect some of this heat and put it to use by converting it into electricity which is an important money-saver. In hybrid cars or cars with fuel cells, 10% of the waste heat can be converted into electricity, as the following example illustrates; A car, when driving on the highway, uses 25% of its total energy capacity. This means that the other 75% is being wasted. A car that requires 30 kW to be able to drive at a constant speed of 120 km an hour, will use 120 kW (25 % of 120 = 30kW). The remaining 90 kW is lost to the environment. GREEN TURBINEtm can turn 10 kW of the 90 kW waste heat into electricity. This will increase the cars fuel efficiency with 33% from 30 kW to 40 kW. In practice the car will not go at a steady speed of 120 km/an hour so the increase will be likely to be around 20%. The price for a 1-5 kWh application with GREEN TURBINEtm suitable for a hybrid car , could be as low as 1200 dollar and would be able to achieve a gross margin of 50%. HGV trucks with diesel engines also produce a large amount of heat. Both these and hybrid trucks can improve their efficiency when applying GREEN TURBINEtm. The waste heat can be converted and used for the cars heating and cooling system (incl. air-conditioning), lighting or other electrical powered facilities available in the truck. (Hybrid) trucks with a 15 kWh GREEN TURBINEtm application can achieve a 20% fuel efficiency improvement. Such savings can make a major contribution to improving both the automobile efficiency and engine emissions.

Solar thermal application


GREEN TURBINE can use heat energy from solar thermal collectors, solar panels and heat pipes to generate electricity for residential and small commercial applications. The remaining heat can be stored for further use or used for heating and/or hot water needs when direct sunlight isnt available. A (60 square meter) solar thermal collector with GREEN TURBINE is capable of converting 42 kW thermal energy into 4 kW electricity.

Cargo ships and inland shipping


Vessels with diesel engines suffer from a lot of heat loss since the engines can reach an estimate temperature of around 600 C. GREEN TURBINE can act as an excellent waste heat recovery unit to convert this heat loss into extra electricity. For example, in a barge of 15-20 kWe GREEN TURBINE can be implemented to boost overall efficiency. The result is that the engine doesnt need to operate at full power and can therefore save fuel. It goes without saying that the environment will also greatly benefit from reducing these diesel engine exhaust emissions.

Wood-burning stoves and pellet stoves


A wood-burning stove uses wood fuel and wood-derived biomass fuel for burning. When the extra heat from the stove is harnessed to generate electricity with the help of GREEN TURBINE, the remaining heat can be used for spacial heating or water heating.

Diesel engines and gas turbines


Large diesel engines are an attractive market for GREEN TURBINE; given the average waste heat temperature of 600 C. This results in a good efficient conversion. As previously said, ships with diesel electric propulsion can benefit from this. We estimate that in a 50KW stationary diesel GREEN TURBINE application, would cost between U$7,500 to U$10,000 installed, which would be significantly less than other competing alternatives. A Combined Cycle gas turbine plant with GREEN TURBINE enhances the efficiency of electricity generation. The waste heat from the gas turbine is used to make steam and generate the additional electricity.

GREEN TURBINEtm 

A brief summary on why Green Turbine would work for you:


GREEN TURBINEtm is small in size, operates quietly and is almost vibration-free GREEN TURBINEtm uses external combustion, making it suitable for almost any fuel type, including waste heat. By making the best use of waste heat, the efficiency of an application will be greatly improved. Consumers that opt for a mCHP-boiler with GREEN TURBINEtm have a payback of less than 5 years, while simultaneously saving substantially on their energy bills. In the Netherlands the average consumer consumes 2500 kWh of electricity per year. When using a 28 kW micro CHP boiler GREEN TURBINEtm consumers would save 300 Euros per year on their energy bills. GREEN TURBINEtm is the only energy generator that can use existing waste heat to produce power (electricity), heat and / or hot water. Therefore, no fossil fuels are needed to generate heat and electricity resulting in lower operating costs. GREEN TURBINEtm provides the possibility to cut down on power consumption, and at the same time significantly reducing CO2 emissions thus contributing to a cleaner environment. GREEN TURBINEtm uses waste heat, so no CO2 is emitted. As the the generator uses no oil or other harmful substances, this results in a clean combustion. Most other generators provide no real contribution to a solution for waste heat recovery; they rely on burning fuel for heat and electricity generation. In an application of solar energy or fuel cells GREEN TURBINEtm can be used to capture the generated waste heat (with temperatures up to 800 C) subsequently convert it into steam and electricity. Experts believe fuel cells will dominate the market in the long term, because of their effectiveness. GREEN TURBINEtm is very suitable for Combined Cycle applications. The turbine can be matched with a micro gas turbine, such as the Capstone C30, to convert the collected waste heat into electricity. GREEN TURBINEtm is able to stay significantly below the price set by competitors because of the simple design. We can offer industrial customers an attractive payback.

Specifications
The weight of a GREEN TURBINEtm of 2,5 kW output is approximately 9 kg, the length is 25 cm, diameter 19 cm. GREEN TURBINEtm produces steam pressure of 5.2 bar (approximately 75 PSI) absolute, condenser pressure is 0. 1 bar. By comparison, a home espresso machine operates between 10, 0 to 15, 0 bars. A higher condenser pressure (0,25 bar) is possible but output and efficiency would be somewhat lower. The smallest size of the GREEN TURBINEtm will deliver 1 kW, the largest size 15 kW. The generators deliver 3 phase AC, frequency 2000 Hz. After rectification the power is fed to a DC/AC converter, capable of conversion to the desired output (e.g. 120 VAC/60 Hz)

The GREEN TURBINEtm is compact of size, lightweight and has almost silent operation.
Now for the first time, by using modern materials and a design based on techniques by De Laval and Curtiss, it is possible to create a turbine of this size that can achieve maximum efficiency. The high speed is about 30,000 rpm. The steam is fed at high speed into jet tubes and converted into electrical energy. The remaining heat of lower pressure is pumped back in a condenser/boiler that provides a closed feed water/steam circuit. This heat, released in the condenser, can be used for heating or chilling purposes. GREEN TURBINEtm captures the waste heat of an engine (via a vacuumsealed boiler that is inserted into exhaust manifold of the heat source) to create steam which will spin a turbine to produce electricity. The modern design (patent pending) does not need guide blades and gears, increasing reliability and efficiency. Losses are further reduced by using a near vacuum for the turbine wheels and generators.

GREEN TURBINEtm 

GREEN TURBINEtm is a Research and Development company, established in 1997


Our headquarters in the Netherlands, while part of the development is achieved in the Canada . Development of the turbine started in 2004. In August of 2008, a working prototype was completed and fulfilled the specifications. Patent for most countries is pending (PCT application). The development was completely funded by GREEN TURBINEtm If you have suggestions for the application of GREEN TURBINEtm, or if you would like more information, please visit www.greenturbine.eu or email to info@greenturbine.eu

The world's smallest micro steam turbine


Green Turbine 1.2 kW
GREEN TURBINE is a small turbo generator that converts heat into electricity. This makes it very suitable for applications that require both heat and electricity. GREEN TURBINEcan be driven by several fuel types including: biogas, fossil fuels, solar concentrated power, fuel cells and biomass.

GREEN TURBINE key benefits:


Utilizes waste heat Silent operation Operates with temperatures as low as 130 C (266 F) Low vibration Practical design Long service intervals and durability Cost-reducing 0 High power to weight ratio 0 Very flexible in electrical power type: AC, DC, 1 of 3 phase, voltage, frequency

0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Green Turbine BV email: info@greenturbine.eu www.greenturbine.eu

GREEN TURBINE
The world's smallest micro steam turbine

Green Turbine BV info@greenturbine.eu www.greenturbine.eu

GREEN TURBINE can be used in a number of different applications:


Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) In combination with solar dishes, parabolic trough, fresnel reflectors and solar collectors. Biomass. All fuel types are suitable for GREEN TURBINE. For instance, wood, solar photovoltaic, fossil fuels, fuel cell and biogas. Waste heat Our product uses relatively low temperatures (from 130 C/?66 F onwards ). The use of organic fluids is also possible. Heating units Micro CHP (Micro Combined Heat and Power) for households or small businesses Shipping industry Small vessels with GREEN TURBINE can signtftcantly reduce their emissions Hybrid vehicle technology Hybrid cars with GREEN TURBINE can achieve a 20 - 40/o fuel efficiency improvement . The heat from tl1e e11gine is converted into electricity.

Technical description Green Turbine 1.2 kW


Dimensions: Weight: Inlet conditions: Outlet conditions: Steam consumption for 1.2 kW Basic steam rate: Power output: 28 x 18 em (11 x 7.1 in) 8 kg (282 oz) Superheated steam 5.2 bar abs. Temp. 200C (392 F) 0.1 bar abs. 40 C (1 04 o F) 0,005 kg/sec 14.5 kg/kWh (steam to electricity after rectification) 3 phase AC 1000 Hz, after rectification: DC. Voltage depends upon type of generator. Default is 180 V Design speed: Speed of steam after nozzle: 30.000 rpm
> 1000 m/sec

Temperature of turbine housing: 45C

The world's smallest micro steam turbine


Green Turbine 15 kW
The Green Turbine is a small turbo generator that converts heat into electricity This makes it very suitable for applications that require both heat and electrcity Green Turbine can be driven by several fuel types including: biogas, fossil fuels, solar concentrated power, fuel cells and biomass

Key benefits:
Utilizes Waste heat Silent operation Operates with temperatures as low as 130 o C (266 F) Low vibration Practical design Long service intervals and durability Cost -reducing 0 High power to weight ratio 0 Very flexible in electrical power type; AC, DC, 1 of 3 phase, voltage, frequency

0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Green Turbine BV email: info@greenturbine.eu www.greenturbine.eu

GREEN TURBINE
De kleinste micro-stoomturhine terwereld

Green Turbine BV info@greenturbine.eu www.greenturbine.eu

Green Turbine TM can be used in a number of different applications:


Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) In combination with solar dishes, parabolic trough fresnel reflectors and solar collectors. Biomass All fuel types are suitable for GREEN TURBINE. For example, wood, solar, photovoltaic, fossil fuels, fuel cell and biogas, Green Turbine is well suited to be used in the agricultural sector. With, for instance, wood waste, manure, corn or rapeseed. Waste Heat Our product uses relatively low temperatures (from 130 C/266 F onwards). Using organic fluids is also possible. In combined cycle applications GREEN TURBINE can be used together with diesel engines, gas turbines and fuel cells to increase overall efficency. Shipping industry Small vessels with GREEN TURBINE can both reduce their emissions and save significantly on fuel costs.

Technical Description
Dimensions: Weight: Inlet conditions: Outlet conditions:

Green Turbine 15 kW
length: 37 em, width: 26 em (14 .6 x 10 in) 25 kg (882 oz) Superheated Steam 10- 12 bar abs. Temp. 200-220C (392-428F) 0,1 bar abs. 40 C (1 04 oF) 0,04 kg/sec 9,8 kg/kWh (steam to electricity after rectification) 3 phase AC 1000 Hz, after rectification: DC. Voltage depends upon type of generator. Default is 500 V 26.000 rpm
> 1000 m/sec

Steam consumption for 15 kW Basic steam rate: Power output: Design speed: Speed of steam after nozzle:

Temperature of turbine housing: 45C (113 oF)

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Welcome to Green Turbine


GREEN TURBINETM is a very small (slightly larger than a football) steam driven turbo generator that converts (waste) heat into electricity. This makes the Green Turbine an excellent choice in applications where both heat and electricity is required (combined heat and power). The part of the energy, not converted to electricity, is available for heating or cooling. Green Turbine powered heaters will enable any homeowner or small business to produce 100% of their heating and hot water needs at a huge savings while generating up to 80% of their electricity needs, free of charge. It will also reduce their CO2 emissions by a staggering 50%. Green Turbine can use the heat energy from solar thermal boilers to generate electricity. Little ships with Green Turbine have clean emissions. Green Turbine can also be used to extend the range of current hybrid automobiles by 20%.

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Ordering GreenTurbine
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GREEN TURBINETM is now ready to take orders for the Green Turbine 1.2 kW and we're working on the development of the 15 kW machine. Please email us if you would like to receive a quote. Green Turbine is a very environmental friendly power generator. The combustion is external and is easy to control.That is why the emission is very low. Special in design, size, price and performance

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Market
GREEN TURBINETM provides small turbo generators for system integrators such as: machinery and construction companies, universities, research centres etc. Suitable for a broad range of applications in different markets, for example: the solar industry, micro-CHP applications, marine technology, automotive industry and waste heat recovery. Some of these different markets are described below.

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Micro-CHP heaters
The total market volume for central heating in the Netherlands is currently 400,000 units/year. For the UK and Germany the numbers are 1 mln and 1,5 mln respectively. For the US the total market volume for HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) is about 6 mln/year. The market share for CHP units will depend strongly upon the price of these units and the possible savings on electricity for users of these units. End consumers in the Netherlands can save up to 300 EURO a year on their electricity bill due to Green Turbine's system integrator that is able to integrate the Green Turbine in a micro-CHP system. However, prices of electricity are sure to go up on a yearly basis. The payback time of a micro CHP heater will be less than five years. At this moment (2009) existing CHP units have a much higher price tag: 10,000 EURO to 20,000 EURO. The HVAC- industry faces a challenge of manufacturing a competitively priced CHP unit. GREEN TURBINETM offers the technology to achieve this.

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Hybrid Cars
Using Green Turbine in a hybrid car or a hydrogen/fuel cell car, can improve fuel efficiency with another 25%. Hybrid cars with Green Turbine can extend their range by 20% by capturing waste heat from engine exhaust and converting it to electricity. In hybrid or fuel cell cars about 10% of the waste heat can be converted to electricity. As waste heat is about 75% of the total energy input of a car, this 10% is substantial.

Solar Thermal Application


Green Turbine can use heat energy from solar thermal collectors, solar panels and heat pipes to generate electricity for residential and small commercial applications.

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Green Turbine

The waste heat from Green Turbine can be used for space heating or tap water heating.

Waste heat
Waste heat is found in virtually all forms of energy production. It can have a low temperature, in that case it is hard or impossible to convert to electricity. The only option is to use the heat for space heating or water heating. Though this is not always possible, due to economic reasons or too great a distance from producer to market. With steam temperature of 130 C or higher, we can use steam turbines to convert the heat in to electricity. Hardly any other prime mover is capable of converting this low temperature heat to electric power. The efficiency however, will be somewhat lower than when using higher temperatures (e.g. 200 C). But it will be more beneficial than throwing potential energy away. When using organic fluids instead of water it is theoretically possible to convert even lower temperature heat. We get quite a lot of questions about the use of Green Turbine with these ORC fluids. Our turbines are designed for the use of steam, not for other products. We have not yet tested our turbines with ORC fluids. For our small models, this does not seem a good option. The density at condenser temperature of the fluids is high, so high ventilation losses will occur. Above 10 kW, ORC could be a valid option in theory, but this would require a complete re-engineering of the turbine, depending on the fluid used. In our opinion, the use of organic fluids will be a reclining one mainly because of environmental reasons. It's even likely that the use of some of these fluids will become prohibited by law in the foreseeable future.

Conclusions
Green Turbine has been developed as a heat engine capable of running on low temperature fuel. Because of that, full advantage can be made in the application areas of waste heat, solar and combined cycle. Green Turbine can be used as a prime mover in solar applications and in applications that depend on the use of solid fuels. With other fuels, existing internal combustion engines (ICE) have an efficiency advantage. Future developments of Green Turbine will include a version using high temperature combustion, better suited as prime mover. For micro CHP applications, Green Turbine is a very strong competitor of Stirling engines and IC engines. In the market for micro waste heat utilization, there is hardly any competition. The same goes for the market of micro combine cycle applications.

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Fourth issue, March 2013 Third issue, May 2012 Second issue, September 2011 Premier issue, May 2011

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December, 2012

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Green Turbine BV will be closed from December 24th 2012 through January 2th 2013. We wish everyone Happy Holidays and a wonderful New Year!
September, 2011

Together with our licensee SMO bvba, Green Turbine BV will attend the Energie 2011 in Den Bosch (Holland). This trade show takes place in October from Tuesday 4th to Thursday 6th, 2011. You are welcome to vist our stand (E038) in hall 5. It is not shown on the floorplan as yet, but it will be located between the stands 5E042 and 5E034.
September, 2011

GREEN TURBINE is now ready to take orders for the Green Turbine Beta versions. Please email us if you would like to receive a quote.
June, 2011

Our licensee, SMO has launched a new website: http://www.greengen.be. Although the website is still under construction, it provides information and photos of the automatic woodpelletstove with the built-in Green Turbine, which is currently being developed.
December, 2010

Grant for TURPEL Project Green Turbine and SMO. The Flemish government agency for Innovation by Science and Technology (IWT) has provided Dutch company GREEN TURBINE and the Belgian company SMO with a subsidy for the project TURPEL (turbine /pellet stove). Read more on our

http://www.greenturbine.eu/en/news.php[4/1/2013 3:09:05 PM]

Green Turbine

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July, 2010

Green turbine BV is currently testing the 1,2 Kw turbine, a demonstration video will follow shortly.
December 2009

Green Turbine BV has started an co-operation with SMO, a company in machine shop and technical engineering for further development of the Green Turbine.
November 2009

Green Turbine Inc chosen as one of four finalists for presentation at Ivey Venture Forum in Canada. http://www.ivforum.ca/companies.php
April 2009

Dutch patent obtained under number 1034458.


August 2008

Dutch patent has been applied with number 1034458 and a PCT application under nr. PCT/NL2008/050631. The trademark GREEN TURBINETM has been deposited in the Benelux (no. 1168610) and in the USA (no. 77585831).

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GREEN TURBINETM is a small R & D company, established in 1997, owned by a graduate engineer in electrical science. Headquartered in the Netherlands, part of the development is done in the US. Also some important components and tools are purchased in the US. In Canada, Green Turbine Inc. has been established. Development of the turbine started in 2004. In August of 2008, a working prototype was completed and fulfilled the specifications. Patent for most countries is pending (PCT application). The development was completely funded by GREEN TURBINETM

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Are you interested in using Green Turbine in your application or do you want to manufacture the turbine? For more information, including licensing rights, email to: For North America and China: info@greenturbine.net For the rest of the world: info@greenturbine.eu Due to liability reasons, we would like to point out that we currently sell only to competent (Certified) system integrators/ application builders in Europe and the USA. In the near future, we hope to expand our production to other regions.

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Renewable Energy Sculptures in Denvers Sustainable Park Crooked Willows Make Better Fuel The Global Soya Bean Problem According to Lester Brown First Hybrid Train Takes Passengers through Germany Scientists Find Way to Boil Water Using Sunlight

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)


When will the turbines be available for purchase on the market? The Green Turbine 1.2 kW is now available for sale. Please email us if you would like to receive a quote. Or download the specifications here Furthermore, we are currently working on the design of the Green Turbine 15 kW. Our next step is to build the prototypes and commence testing. What does the Green Turbine 1.2 kW cost? That depends on the number of units. Does the turbine come with the generator? What else do I need? Yes, every turbine has 2 generators, they must be wired as shown in the manual.For proper operation you need a steam generator (boiler or other steam source), a condenser, a vacuum pump, an over speed controller, 2 bridge rectifiers, an inverter and piping and valves. Can you deliver these items? We can provide you with proven components: a vacuum pump, an over speed controller and also bridge rectifiers, inverters and a condenser. Is the turbine certified? We comply with the CE certification. The turbine itself is not a pressure vessel, so the requirements for steam boilers do not apply. Do I have to meet special requirements for the steam? The steam must have the required pressure and temperature (see the specs). The quality of the steam must be very dry and a superheat of 25- 40 C. If in doubt, use a steam separator. What will happen if I use wet steam? The turbine wheels will deteriorate very fast; this can even be a matter of minutes. Can the turbine run on other gasses, like hot air or ORC fluids?

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http://www.greenturbine.eu/en/faq.php[4/1/2013 3:10:25 PM]

Green Turbine

Operation on hot air is not possible, ORC fluids can theoretically be used, but the turbine is not tested with these fluids. Performance will be less. Other nozzles will be required. We can not guarantee the specifications. Do I need a condenser? Yes, the Green Turbine must operate with a condenser pressure of 0.1 bar abs. The pressure must not be higher than 0.2 bar abs. With 0.1 bar the condenser temperature is 45 C. Higher pressures will result in higher condenser temperatures and also higher turbine temperatures. This will shorten the life of the bearings. Can I use the turbine with an existing wood (pellet) stove? No, you need steam to run the turbine. Can I buy a turbine without the generators? No, the generators are an integral part of the machine. Why do I need an inverter? Unless you only need DC, you need an inverter to get useful power (230 or 120 V, 50 or 60 Hz). Can the turbine run on higher or lower steam pressures? Higher pressures are not possible, lower pressures can be used. Off course, power will be less. Can I use higher steam temperatures? The maximum steam temperatures must not be exceeded as overheating can occur. Do I need regular maintenance? No maintenance is needed, the Green Turbine is completely sealed. What happens if I exceed the maximum RPM? The turbine wheels can get damaged, seizing up the turbine, or unbalance can occur.

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