# JPN Pahang Student’s Copy

Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat

CHAPTER 4: HEAT
4.1 : UNDERSTANDING THERMAL EQUILIBRIUM By the end of this subtopic, you will be able to • • Explain thermal equilibrium Explain how a liquid-in glass thermometer works
Thermal equilibrium :Keseimbangan terma

………….. rate of energy transfer A
Hot object

B

Equivalent to

Equivalent to

Cold object No net heat transfer

………….. rate of energy transfer

1.

The net heat will flow from A to B until the temperature of A is the ( same, zero as the temperature of B. In this situation, the two bodies are said to have reached thermal equilibrium.

2. 3. 4.

When thermal equilibrium is reached, the net rate of heat flow between the two bodies is (zero, equal) There is no net flow of heat between two objects that are in thermal equilibrium. Two objects in thermal equilibrium have the ……………… temperature. The liquid used in glass thermometer should …………………………………………………………………………….. (a) Be easily seen ………………………………………………………………………………. (b) Expand and contract rapidly over a wide range of temperature …………………………………………………………………………….. (c) Not stick to the glass wall of the capillary tube List the characteristic of mercury (a) …………………………………………………………………………………….. Opaque liquid (b) ……………………………………………………………………………………. Does not stick to the glass (c) ……………………………………………………………………………………. Expands uniformly when heated (d) ……………………………………………………………………………………. Freezing point -390C (e) ……………………………………………………………………………………. Boiling point 3570C ……………………………………………………………………………………. 1

5.

JPN Pahang Student’s Copy

Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat

6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

( Heat, Temperature ) is a form of energy. It flows from a hot body to a cold body. The SI unit for ( heat , temperature) is Joule, J. ( Heat , Temperature ) is the degree of hotness of a body The SI unit for (heat , temperature) is Kelvin, K. ……………………………..… Lower fixed point (l 0 )/ ice point : the temperature of pure melting ice/00C ………………………………… Upper fixed point( l 100)/steam point: the temperature of steam from water that is boiling under standard atmospheric pressure /1000C

Temperature, θ =

l - l
θ

0

x 1000C

l100 - l0
l0 l100 lθ : length of mercury at ice point : length of mercury at steam point : length of mercury at θ point

Exercise 4.1 Section A: Choose the best answer 1. The figure shows two metal blocks. Which the following statement is false? 3. A. B. C. D. 2. P and Q are in thermal contact P and Q are in thermal equilibrium Energy is transferred from P to Q Energy is transferred from Q to P 4. When does the energy go when a cup of hot tea cools? A. It warms the surroundings B. It warms the water of the tea C. It turns into heat energy and disappears. Which of the following temperature corresponds to zero on the Kelvin scale? A. 2730 C B. 00C C. -2730 C D. 1000 C How can the sensitivity of a liquidin –glass thermometer be increased?

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JPN Pahang Student’s Copy

Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat

A. Using a liquid which is a better conductor of heat B. Using a capillary tube with a narrower bore. C. Using a longer capillary tube D. Using a thinner-walked bulb 5. Which instrument is most suitable for measuring a rapidly changing temperature? A. Alcohol-in –glass thermometer B. Thermocouple C. Mercury-in-glass thermometer D. Platinum resistance thermometer

6.

When shaking hands with Anwar, Kent Hui niticed that Anwar’s hand was cold. However, Anwar felt that Kent Hui hand was warm. Why did Anwar and Kent Hui not feel the same sensation? A. Both hands in contact are in thermal equilibrium. B. Heat is flowing from Kent Hui’s hand to Anawr’s hand C. Heat is following from Anwar’s hand to Kent Hui hand.

Section B: Answer all the questions by showing the calculation 1. The length of the mercury column at the ice point and steam point are 5.0 cm and 40.0cm respectively. When the thermometer is immersed in the liquid P, the length of the mercury column is 23.0 cm. What is the temperature of the liquid P?

2.

The length of the mercury column at the steam point and ice point and are 65.0 cm and 5.0cm respectively. When the thermometer is immersed in the liquid Q, the length of the mercury column is 27.0 cm. What is the temperature of the liquid Q? Temperature, θ = lθ – l0 x 1000C l100 – l0 θ = 27 – 5 x 1000C 65 - 5 θ = 36.670C

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The distance between 00C and 1000C is 28. The distance between 00C and 1000C is 25 cm. When the thermometer is put into a beaker of water.0 cm. the length of mercury column is 24.5cm above the lower fixed point. What is the temperature of the water? 4.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 3. the length of mercury column is 16cm above the lower fixed point. When the thermometer is put into a beaker of water. What is the temperature of the water? What is the length of mercury column from the bulb at temperatures i) 300C 4 .

(b) He chooses two fixed points of Celsius scale to calibrate his thermometer. State them (2m) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… (c) If the measurement length of the liquid inside the straw at the temperature of the lower fixed point and the upper fixed point are 5cm and 16 cm respectively. He pours a liquid with linear expansion into the can. (a) Suggest a kind of liquid that expands linearly. (1m) …………………………………………………………………………………………….JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat SECTION C: Structured Questions 1.50C. find the length of the liquid at 82. Luqman uses an aluminium can. (d) Why should he use a drinking straw of small diameter? ……………………………………………………………………………………………… (e) What kind of action should he take if he wants to increase the sensitivity of his thermometer? ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 5 . a drinking straw and some plasticine to make a simple thermometer as shown in figure below.

6 . The heat energy absorbed or given out by an object is given by Q = mc∆O. 3. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… : UNDERSTANDING SPECIFIC HEAT CAPACITY By the end of this subtopic. What do you mean by heat and temperature? ……………………………………………………………………………………………. you will be able to • • • • • • Define specific heat capacity State that c = Q/MCθ Determine the specific heat capacity of a liquid Determine the specific heat capacity of a solid Describe applications of specific heat capacity Solve problems involving specific heat capacity The ………………. 2... 5. The heat capacity of an object depends on the (a) (b) (c) ………………………………………………………………………………………. of a body is the ……………………. High specific heat capacity absorb a large amount of heat with only a …………… temperature increase such as plastics.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 2. c = Q__ m∆θ Heat capacity Muatan haba Specific heat capacity Muatan haba tentu 1. ……………………………………………………………………………………… The ………………………of a substance is the amount of heat that must be supplied to increase the temperature by 1 0C for a mass of 1 kg of the substance. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. Unit Jkg-1 K-1 Specific heat capacity . that must be supplied to the body to increase its temperature by 10C... 4.

.................................................................................................................................... 7 ............................................ .............................................. ....... increase in temperature Big value of c Equal rate of heat supplied Explain the meaning of above application of specific heat capacity: (a) (i) Water as a coolant in a car engine .......................... Conversion of energy Heater Power = P Electrical energy …………energy Heat energy Pt = mcθ …………....................................... Applications of Specific Heat Capacity ………....................................... increase in temperature Small value of c Two object of equal mass ……………................................energy Moving object stopped due to friction Heat energy ½ mv2= mcθ Power = P 7...........energy Object falls from A high position Heat energy mgh= mcθ …………...................................JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 6............................................................................................................... ............................................................................. ................. .....................................................

.. ………………………………………………………………………………………...JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat (b) Household apparatus and utensils ……………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………... (c) Sea breeze …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… ………………… (d) Land breeze …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… ……………… 8 .

The change in the temperature of an object does not depend on A. The amount of heat energy required to raise 1kg of the substance by 10C. 9 .JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat Exercise 4. has a smaller specific heat capacity than water In the experiment to determine the specific heat capacity of a metal block. The temperature of the ethanol rises faster. D. How much heat energy is required to raise the temperature of a 4kg iron bar from 320C to 520C? (Specific heat capacity of iron = 452 Jkg-1 0C-1). To ensure a better conduction of heat B. To reduce the consumption of electrical energy C. A. The amount of heat energy required to change 1kg of the substance from the solid state to the liquid state. some oil is poured into the hole containing thermometer. the shape of the object D. SECTION B: Answer all questions by showing the calculation 1. has a larger specific heat capacity than water D. The amount of heat energy required to raise the temperature of 1kg of the substance B.2 SECTION A : Choose the best answer 1. Which of the following defines the specific heat capacity of a substance correctly? A. is less dense than water C. To ensure the thermometer is in an upright position. C. the quantity of heat received 3.. 4. 2. To reduce the friction between the thermometer and the wall of the block. Heat energy is supplied at the same rate to 250g of water and 250g of ethanol. Why is this done? A. This is because the ethanol. the type of substance the object is made of C. the mass of the object B. is denser than water B.

5. (Specific heat capacity of aluminium = 900 J kg-1 C-1).2 kg of water at 700C is mixed with 0. Find the amount of heat is released. (Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J kg-1 C-1) 10 . .8 kg of copper from 350C to 600C.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 2. 4. 0. Calculate the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 0. (Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J kg-1 C-1). 3. (Specific heat capacity of copper = 400 J kg-1 C-1).6 kg of water at 30 0C. Calculate the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 2. 750g block of a aluminium at 1200C is cooled until 450C. Assuming that no heat is lost. find the final temperature of the mixture.5 kg of water from 320C to 820C.

5kg 2. 11 ..25kg at temperature 200C.25kg A B 1000C 200C Assume that there is no energy loss to the surroundings. …………………………………………………………………………………………. (a) respectively. Find the final temperature of A and B if they are in thermal equilibrium. block A of mass 5kg at temperature 100 0C is in contact with another block B of mass 2. In figure below.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat SECTION C: Structured questions 1. Given the specific heat capacity of A and B are 900 Jkg -1 C-1 and 400 Jkg-1 C-1 (b) Find the energy given by A during the process. (c) Suggest one method to reduce the energy loss to the surroundings.

Q= ml 3. Four main changes of phase. The heat absorbed or the heat released at constant temperature during a change of phase is known as latent heat. ……………………………………… Temperature ……………………………………… (a) Melting ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… 12 Time ……………………………………… ………………………………………. Gas Boiling Latent heat …………. you will be able to • • • • • 1. Complete the diagrams below and summarized. Condensation Latent heat ………… Solid Solidification Latent heat ………… Liquid 2.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat UNDERSTANDING SPECIFIC LATENT HEAT By the of this subtopic. . State that transfer of heat during a change of phase does not cause a change in temperature Define specific latent heat State that l = Q/m Determine the specific latent heat of fusion and specific latent heat of vaporisation Solve problem involving specific latent heat.

(c) Solidification Temperature ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… Time ………………………………………. . (d) Condensation Temperature ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… Time 13 ……………………………………….JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat (b) Boiling Temperature ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… Time ……………………………………….

…………………………………. …………………………………is the heat absorbed by a melting solid.. The specific latent heat of fusion is the quantity of the heat needed to change 1kg of solid to a liquid at its melting point without any increase in ………………………. is heat of vaporisation is heat absorbed during boiling..I unit is Jkg-1..JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 4. The S. water gas 14 ..I unit of the specific latent heat of fusion is Jkg-1. The specific latent heat of vaporisation is the quantity of heat needed to change 1kg of liquid into gas or vapour of its boiling point without any change in ……………………. The S. ice water 5.

JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 6. : (d) Explain the application of Specific Latent Heat above: Cooling of beverage ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… (e) Preservation of Food ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… (f) Steaming Food ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… (g) Killing of Germs and Bacteria ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 .

To find the specific latent heat of fusion of ice. C. Boiling point of water in the pressure cooker is raised D. It is possible to cook food much faster with a pressure cooker as shown above. Why is it easier to cook food using a pressure cooker? A. The time taken for the ice to melt B.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat EXERCISE 4. The voltage of the electricity supply C. Food absorbs more heat energy from the high pressure steam 4. Which section of the graph would the wax be a mixture of solid and liquid? A.3 Section A: 1. B. Which of the following is not a characteristics of water that makes it widely used as a cooling agent? 16 . More heat energy can be supplied to the pressure cooker B. The temperature change of the ice. 3. Heat loss from the pressure cooker can be reduced. The graph in figure below shows how the temperature of some wax changes as it cools from liquid to solid. what must be measured? A. C. PQ QR RS ST Figure show a joulemeter used for measuring the electrical energy to melt some ice in an experiment. 2. D. The mass of water produced by melting ice D.

the heat of boiling water is quickly lost to the surroundings C. A control of the experiment is set up as shown in Figure (a) with the aim of 6. D. steam has a high specific latent heat. Figure below shows the experiment set up to determine the specific latent heat of fusion of ice.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat A. ensuring that the ice does not melt too fast. determining the mass of ice that melts as a result of heat from the surroundings 5. Water does not react with many other substance C. This is because… A.26 X 106 J kg-1 17 . determining the average value of the specific latent heat of fusion of ice. SECTION B: Answer the question by showing the calculation 1. D. C. How much energy is required for this Question 2-7 are based on the following information • • • • Specific heat capacity of water = 4 200 J kg-1 C-1 Specific heat capacity of ice = 2 100 J kg-1 C-1 Specific latent heat of fusion of ice = 3.34 X 105J kg-1 Specific latent heat of vaporization of water = 2. Steam has a high specific heat capacity. Water has a large density A. the boiling point of water is less than the temperature of steam B. 300g of ice at 00C melts. Water is readily available B. Water has a large specific heat capacity D. determining the rate of melting of ice B. Scalding of the skin by boiling water is less serious then by steam.

5 kg of ice at —15 0C into steam 7. How long does it take to melt 1. Calculate the amount of heat needed to convert 100 g of ice at 0 0C into steam 18 .JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 2. 5. Find the value of x 4. Calculate the amount of heat needed to convert 3 kg of ice at 0 0C to water at 6.5kg of ice? 3. Calculate the amount of heat released when 2 kg of ice at 0 0C is changed into water at 00C. 300 g of water at 400C is mixed with x g of water at 80 0C. 300C. at 1000C. An immersion heater rated at 500 W is fitted into a large block of ice at 0 0C. The final temperature of the mixture is 700C. at 1000C Find the amount of heat needed to convert 0.

JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 8. The specific latent heat of vaporization of water is 2300 kJ kg-1. Property of gas Volume. temperature and volume of a fixed mass of gas Complete the table below. you will be able to : • • (i) (ii) (iii) • • 1.T • K (Kelvin) Pressure. temperature and volume in terms of the behaviour of gas molecules. UNDERSTANDING THE GAS LAW By the end of this subtopic.V • m3 Explanation Temperature. Determine the relationship between pressure and volume volume and temperature pressure and temperature Explain absolute zero and the absolute/Kelvin scale of temperature Solve problems involving pressure. Explain gas pressure.2 kg of water is boiled off at its boiling point.P • Pa(Pascal) 19 . How much heat will be absorbed when 3.

................. Boyle’s law states that……………………………………………………………………...............................................4........... Boyle’s law can be shown graphically as in Figure above P P 0 V 0 1/V (a) P inversely proportional to V 20 (b) P directly proportional to 1/V .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 2........... ... ............................ ................................... ……………………………………………………............................ .......................... greater pressure Relationship between pressure and volume 1........... The kinetic theory of gas is based on the following assumptions: ..........1 Boyle’s Law Pα1 V That is PV = constant Or P V = P V 1 1 2 2 Small volume molecules hit wall more often...................................................... 4........................................................................JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 2.................................................................. .................

larger volume to keep the pressure constant Lower temperature 21 . If the atmospheric pressure is 10m of water. P2= 10m PI=50m + 10m V1=250cm3 4. faster molecules.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 3.4.2 Charles’s Law VαT that is V = constant T Relationship between volume and temperature Higher temperature. The volume of an air bubble at the base of a sea of 50 m deep is 250cm 3. find the volume of the air bubble when it reaches the surface of the sea.

4.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 1. …………………………………………………………………………………………… ……… The temperature -2730C is the lowest possible temperature and is known as the absolute zero of temperature. -273 100 θ/0C 4. Complete the diagram below. Fill the table below. Charles’ law states ………………………………………………………………………. greater pressure 22 .3 Pressure’s Law PαT That is P = constant T Relationship between pressure and temperature Higher temperature molecules move faster. Temperature Absolute zero Ice point Steam point Unknown point Celsius scale (0C) Kelvin Scale(K) 3. 2.

3.. (Atmospheric pressure = 10 m of water) 23 .4:Gas Law 1. Its pressure is then 1. ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. A mixture of air and petrol vapour is injected into the cylinder of a car engine when the cylinder volume is 100 cm3. Find the pressure now. If the atmospheric pressure is 10 in of water. find the value of h.. The volume of an air bubble at the base of a sea of 50 in deep is 200 cm3. find the volume of the air bubble when it reaches the surface of the sea. The pressure law states ………………………………………………………………. 2. EXERSICE 4..JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 1. Given that its volume is 15 mm3 when it is at a depth of 2 in. The volume of an air bubble is 5 mm3 when it is at a depth of h in below the water surface.0 atm. The valve closes and the mixture is compressed to 20 cm3.

An air bubble has a volume of V cm3 when it is released at a depth of 45m from the water surface.4 X 1O5 N m2. A gas of volume 20m3 at 370C is heated until its temperature becomes 870C at constant pressure. fixed? The air pressure in a container at 330C is 1.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 4. (Atmospheric pressure = 10 m of water) 5. Find its volume (V) when it reaches the water surface. What is the final air pressure if the volume of the container is 24 . What is the increase in volume? 6. The container is heated until the temperature is 550C.

If the volume of the gas is constant. Calculate the final temperature of the gas. 8. The volume of a gas is 1 cm 3 at 150C. The gas is heated at fixed pressure until the volume becomes triple the initial volume. find the initial temperature of the gas. Find the new pressure of the gas if the volume of the container is constant.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 7. The pressure of a gas decreases from 1.2 x 10 5 Pa to 9 x 105 Pa at 400C.(Atmospheric pressure = 1. An enclosed container contains a fixed mass of gas at 25 0C and at the atmospheric pressure. The container is heated and temperature of the gas increases to 980C.0 X 105N rn2) 9. 25 .

JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat PART A: CHAPTER 4 1. 26 . Which of the following statements is correct when they reach thermal equilibrium? D. C. The temperature of the iron sphere will be lower than 500C In the process to transfer heat from one object to another object. otherwise the box will explode C. Which of the following explanations is correct? A. Both the sphere have the same temperature. 3. B. To allow the water vapors to go out. Water is generally used to put out fire. Radiation D. Water has a high specific heat capacity B. Which of the following is correct? A. To allow microwave to go inside the lunch box B. D. To allow microwave to penetrate deeper into the lunch box. 4. A 5kg iron sphere of temperature 500C is put in contact with a 1kg copper sphere of temperature 273K and they are put inside an insulated box. we should open the lid slightly. To allow microwave to reflect more times inside the lunch box D. G. Vaporisation C. F. Evaporation When we use a microwave oven to heat up some food in a lunch box. The mass of this sample is 1kg. 2. which of the following processes does not involve a transfer to material? A. Water is easily available D. Convection B. The energy needed to increase the temperature of 0. Water can react with some material Given that the heat capacity of a certain sample is 5000 J0C-1. The energy needed to increase the temperature of 1 kg of this sample is 5000 J. The copper sphere will have a temperature of 500C. Steam can cut off the supply of oxygen C. The temperature of this sample will increase 10C when 5 000 J 5. A iron sphere will have a temperature of 273K E. Which of the following explanation is not correct? A.5kg of this sample is 2500J.

7. The pressure of air molecules increases C. Gas molecules collide inelastically with each other 9. Gas molecules collide elastically with the walls of the container 8. The repulsive force of boiling water slows down the movement of air molecule 27 . D. only when the vapour molecules produce a pressure as the same as the atmospheric pressure D. Energy is absorbed when vaporization occurs. It is immersed in the boiling water as shown in diagram below. B. Which of the following statements is false? A. Gas molecules move randomly B. 6. at all times because evaporation and condensation occur any time C. C. only when the water is boiling Based on the kinetic theory of gas which one of the following does not explain the behaviour of gas molecules in a container? A. Gas molecules move faster as temperature increases D. the average distance between the gas molecules increases D. the average speed of gas molecules increases B. absorbed by this Which of the following statement is correct? A. Water molecules change their states between the liquid and gaseous states A. the number of gas molecules increases C. only when water vapour is saturated B. A cylinder which contains gas is compressed at constant temperature of the gas increase because A. Energy is absorbed when condensation occurs. B. The volume of the plastic bag increases. The internal energy of the object is increased when condensation occurs C. The air molecules in the bag move faster D. 10. the rate of collision between the gas molecules and the walls increases A plastic bag is filled with air.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat energy is sample. The total mass of the object is kept constant when fusion occurs.

..... A research student wishes to carry out an investigation on the temperature change of the substance in the temperature range -500C to 500C.... Thermometer Liquid Freezing point of liquid (0C) Boiling point of liquid (0C) Diameter of capillary tube Cross section A Mercury -39 360 Large B Mercury -39 360 Small C Alcohol -112 360 Large D Alcohol -112 360 Small Table 1 (a) (i) State the principle used in a liquid...(1m) ..............in –glass thermometer........................ …………………………………………………………………………………………............. 1........ (ii) Briefly explain the principle stated in (a)(i) (3m) ………………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………........JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat PART B.................... The instrument used to measure the temperature is a liquid in glass thermometer........ 28 .....................................

JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat (b) Table 1 shows the characteristic of 4 types of thermometer: A.5 cm at 00C and 1000C.(5 m) ………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………. (c) The length of the mercury column in uncalibrated thermometer is 6. On the basis of the information given in Table 1.0cm (i) Calculate the temperature of the liquid (ii) State two thermometric properties which can be used to calibrate a thermometer. A metal block P of mass 500 g is heated is boiling water at a temperature of 1000C. Block P is then transferred into the water at a temperature of 300C in a polystyrene cup. explain the characteristics of.. the length of the mercury column is 14. The mass of water in the polystyrene cup is 250 g. (6m) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.B C and D. the water temperature rises to 420C. and suggest a suitable thermometer for the experiment. After 2 minutes.0cm and 18. respectively. Figure 2 29 . When the thermometer is placed in a liquid.

He prepares a cardboard tube 50.2 . A student performs an experiment to investigate the energy change in a system. 30 Figure 3. Lead shot of mass 500 g is placed in the tube and the other end of the tube is also closed by a stopper.{Specific heat capacity of water 4 200 j kg-1 C-1) Calculate (a) the quantity of heat gained by water the polystyrene cup (b) the rate of heat supplied to the water (c) the specific heat capacity of the metal block P 3. The height of the lead shot in the tube is 5.0 cm as shown in Figure 3.2).1.1 Figure 3.0 cm long closed by a stopper at one end. The student then holds both ends of the tube and inverts it 100 times (Figure 3.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat Assuming that the heat absorbed by the polystyrene cup and heat loss to the surroundings are negligible.

Calculate the specific heat capacity of lead. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………. (b) inverted? What is the average distance taken by the lead shot each time the tube is (c) Calculate the time taken by the lead shot to fall from the top to the bottom of the tube. PART C: EXPERIMENT 31 . ……………………………………………………………………………………………. Calculate the work done on the lead shot. the temperature of the lead shot is found to have increased by 30C. (d) i. iii. ii. After inverting the tube 100 times. …………………………………………………………………………………………..JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat (a) State the energy change each time the tube is inverted.... State the assumption used in your calculation in (d)ii.

v. The way you would analyse the data. [1 mark] Figure (a) Figure (b) (b) State appropriate hypothesis for an investigation.JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 1. Choose suitable apparatus such as pressure gauge. Luqman also found that the tyre was hotter after the journey although the size of the tyre did not change. state clearly the following: i. Arrangement of the apparatus. After the journey. Variables in the experiment. iii. ii. Using the information provided by Luqman and his observations on air pressure in the tyre of his car: (a) (c) State one suitable inference that can be made. Luqman measured the air pressure the tyre of his car as shown in Figure (a) He found that the air pressure of the tyre was 200 kPa. [1 mark] Design an experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in (b). The procedure of the experiment including the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable. vii. Aim of the experiment. Before travelling on a long journey. [10 marks] 32 . vi. In your description. The way you would tabulate the data. iv. List of apparatus and materials. Luqman measured again the air pressure of the tyre as shown in Figure (b) He found that the air pressure had increase to 245 kPa. a round-bottomed flask and any other apparatus that may he necessary.

JPN Pahang Student’s Copy Physics Module Form 4 Chapter 4: Heat 33 .

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