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# Seat No.

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Enrolment No._____________

## GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

ME Semester I Examination Feb. - 2012 Subject code: 712007N Subject Name: Prestressed Concrete Time: 10.30 am 01.00 pm Instructions:
1. Attempt all questions. 2. Make suitable assumptions wherever necessary. 3. Figures to the right indicate full marks. 4. IS 1343, IS 456-2000 are permitted. 5. Assume density of concrete as 24 kN/m3 until otherwise stated. Q.1 (a) Define the following terms 1. Cap cable 2. Tendon 3. Transfer stage (b) Give advantage of using precast prestressed units in association with the cast in situ concrete. (c) A prestressed concrete beam of 8 m length having 200 mm width and 450 mm depth, subjected to UDL of 6 kN/m (including the self weight). The beam is prestressed by straight cable carrying a force of 250 kN and located at an eccentricity of 80 mm. Determine the location of thrust line in the beam. (a) A rectangular beam of span 8.0 m and cross-section 450 x 800mm is prestressed by a parabolic cable with zero eccentricity at end and 175mm eccentricity at center by a prestressing force 2000kN. The beam carries a live load 5 kN/m all over its span. Calculate top and bottom fiber stress at center of span. (b) A rectangular pre-tensioned concrete beam has a breadth of 100 mm and depth 230 mm, and the prestress after all losses have occurred is 12 N/mm2 at the soffit and zero at the top. The beam is in corporate in a composite Tbeam by casting a top flange of breadth 300 mm and depth 50 mm. calculate the maximum uniformly distributed live load that can be supported on a simply supported span of 4.5 m, without any tensile stresses occurring when the slab is externally supported while casting. OR (b) A prestressed concrete beam 300 mm x 400 mm is prestressed with wires of area 320 mm2 located at a constant eccentricity of 100 mm below the centroid of beam and Carrying an initial stress of 1400 N/mm2. The span of the beam is 10 m. calculate the total loss of stress of wire if, The beam is post tensioned. Take Es= 210 kN/m2, Ec= 35 kN/m2 , relaxation of steel is 5% of the initial stress, shrinkage of concrete 200 x 10-6 , creep coefficient = 2.2, slip at anchorage = 1 mm, frictional co-efficient for wave effect = 0.0015/m (a) Explain the reasons to control the deflection. What are the factors that influence the deflection? 03

## Date: 21/02/2012 Total Marks: 70

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(b) A simply supported prestressed concrete beam having rectangular section 200 mm x 600 mm, spans over 9 m. The beam is prestressed by a straight cable at eccentricity 150 mm. Working load over beam is 15 kN/m. Determine central deflection of beam at i. Transfer stage: Prestressing force 250 kN and characteristic cube strength 35MPa. ii. Final stage: Prestressing force 300 kN and characteristic cube strength 45MPa. OR (a) A post tensioned bonded beam of symmetrical I-section is required to support a design ultimate moment of 1200 kN.m. Determine the overall depth and thickness of the compression flange required if fck is 35 N/mm2 and fp=1200 N/mm2. (b) A composite T beam is made up for a pre-tensioned rib 150 mm wide and 300 mm deep, and a cast in situ slab 550 mm wide and 50 mm thick having a modulus of elasticity of 30 kN/m2. If the differential shrinkage is 100 x 106 units, determine the shrinkage stresses developed in the pre cast and cast in situ units. (a) Write the advantages of prestressing long span shell structures. (b) Differentiate Pre-tensioning and Post-tensioning (c) The support section of a prestressed concrete beam, 150 mm wide and 400 mm deep, is required to support an ultimate shear force of 100 kN. The compressive prestress at the centroidal axis is 7 N/mm2. The characteristics cube strength of concrete is 45 N/mm2. The cover to the tension reinforcement is 50 mm. if the characteristic tensile strength of steel in stirrups is 250 N/mm2, design suitable reinforcements at the section using the IS: 1343 recommendations. OR (a) A prestressed concrete T-beam is to be designed to support an imposed load of 4.4 kN/m over an effective span of 5 m. the T-beam is made up of a rib 100 mm wide and 200 mm deep and flange 400 mm wide and 40 mm thick. The stress in the concrete must not exceed 15 N/mm2 in compression and zero in tension at any stage. Check for the adequacy of the section provided, and calculate the minimum prestressing force necessary and the corresponding eccentricity, assume 20 percent loss of prestress. (b) The end block of post tensioned prestressed concrete beam, 450mm wide and 450mm deep is subjected to a concentric anchorage force of 1200 kN by a circular anchorage area of 16000mm2. Design and detail the anchorage reinforcement for the end block. Use IS 1343 codal provisions. (a) Explain the Two stage Construction method with neat sketch for manufacture of Prestressed Concrete pipes. (b) Design a cylindrical pipe of 800 mm diameter for water supply at working pressure 1.40 N/mm2. Find the pitch of 2.5 mm diameter wires if initial prestress is to be limited to 1300 N/mm2. Take cube strength at transfer is 40 N/mm2. Find safety factor against cracking at working stage if residual compression in concrete is required to be 2.2 N/mm2. Assume prestress losses as 18 % and cube strength at working stage as 45 N/mm2 OR

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(a) Write a short note on (i) Concordant cable (ii) Partial prestressing (iii) Necessity of High strength materials for prestressed concrete (b) A two span continuous beam ABC (AB = BC = 15 m), having a rectangular cross section with width 250 mm and depth 600 mm. a cable carrying an effective prestressing force of 500 kN is parallel to axis of the beam and located at an eccentricity of 200 mm. determine the secondary and resultant moment developed at the mid-support section B. also locate the resultant line through beam AB.

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