You are on page 1of 152

m

IAIAVIJAYA.
(

THE MYTHOLOGICAL HISTORY OF RAMA,

With

Illustrations.

S I ^ CT E
1

KANCA S
I
r<

30 &M!3v&

l Saint-Michel

Registered under Act

XXV of 1867.

DUBHASHI &

Co.,

GIRGAUM SACK ROAD.

1891
Price 12 Annas.

JUN 2

1966

0V

08837"

IN-

PROFOUND AND RESPECTFUL ADMIRATION


OF

A NOBLE CAREER AND A


THIS
IS

STAINLESS CHARACTER

WORK

BY PERMISSION
DEDICATED
TO

The Hon. Mr.


M. A.,

Justice K. T.
C,
I.

TELANG

L L. B,,

E.,

AC. AC.

BY

THE PUBLISHERS

PREFACE.
Lord Macaulay begins
his
it

Essay on Clive thus:


while the history

We

have always thought

strange that,

of the Spanish empire in America is familiarly known to all the nations of Europe, the great actions of our countrymen in the

among ourselves, excite little interest. Every who imprisoned Montezuma, and who strangled Atahualpa. But we doubt whether one in ten, even among English gentlemen of highly cultivated minds, can tell who won the battle of Buxar, who perpetrated the massacre of
schoolboy knows
Patna, whether Sujah
or whether Holkar
"What

East should, even

Dowlah ruled

in

Oude

or in Travancore,

was a Hindoo or a

Mussulman."

Macaulay remarks

in these introductory lines of his

about the educated

Englishmen

time may,

with

justice, be applied to the Hindus of the present day, who, though well versed in the details of the histories of foreign

nations, are ignorant of even the most important events in

the lives of their ancient


of this

heroes

and

saints.

The reason

enough. All their time is taken Up in reading English authors and consequently works written in Vernacular are naturally neglected. It is, there

anomaly

is

plain

fore,

with the

object of imparting

some knowledge

of the

English reading public as are either with unacquainted any of the Vernaculars of this country or as are unaccustomed to read Vernacular books, that we
have undertaken to publish this series. Our thanks are due to those gentlemen who have
kindly subscribed for
the
publication as
well as to

Purans

to such of the

those

who have rendered

us assistance in other ways.

Bombay 1891.

DUBHASHI &

CO.

RAMAVUAYA.
THE MYTHOLOGICAL HISTORY OF RAMA.
Powlasti, a son of
varni,

Bramhadev* was married


called

to

Deva-

and he had a son

Vishrava.

daughter

a Eishi, f was given away in marriage to Bramhadev Vishrava; and she had a son called Kuber.
of Bharadwaja,

had created Lanka and given it to Kuber. While Kuber was ruling there, a demon came from Fatal J in the form The de of a Brahman and became very jealous of him.

mon
away

said to himself,

"

Lanka
"

has no

right to rule here.

So saying

his daughter, Kakesi, a view to drive out Kuber of his country, Lanka, with the Vish help of the sons who would be born to her by him.

country and this man to himself he gave in marriage to Vishrava with


is

my

rava had got by Kakesi three demons, Havana,


karna,

KumbhaTateka and

to Gokarna, where they performed severe penances. Siva was pro pitiated by Havana, Bramhadev by Kumbhakarna, and Vishnu^ by Vibhishana. Bramhadev was pleased with

and Vibhishana and two demonesses, Ha van and his brothers went Surpanakha.

them and called upon them to ask him for blessings. Ha vana was blessed with a power to imprison all gods and also with wealth and learning. Kumbhakarna wanted
such a blessing from Bramhadev as would enable him to
All the gods were, therefore, alarmed and prayed to the goddess, Saraswati, who induc ed the demon to ask the god for sleep. Bramhadev blessed

devour heaven and earth.

The creating god of the universe, f A sage. J The re~ The destroying god of the universe, gions under the earth. ^ The protecting god of the universe.
I"

Ramavijaya.

him with sleep, saying that the demon would rise every six months to eat his meals and indulge in all other luxu
ries.

to Vishnu.

Vibhishana,was blessed with a power to pray always Havana and Kumbhakarana then collected all
Trishira

demons including Kharadushana and

and march

ed against Kuber to conquer Lanka. They fought with Kuber with bravery, but the latter repulsed them with heavy loss. Havana then went to Vishrava and brought
his letter to

Kuber asking him to give Lanka to the de without any resistance. On reading the letter from his father he gave the country to Ravana and proceeded to heaven by a Viman* Mayasur, a demon, gave

mon

away

Pirghajwala,

daughter, Mandodari, in marriage to Ravana. a grand-daughter of Bali, was married to Kmnbhakarna, and Sharma, a daughter of a GandharvJ to
his

Ravana conquered all countries and devour Vibhishana. ed a large number of Brahmans and cows. He robbed Ivuber of his treasure and oppressed all other people. He had eight thousand wives, one lac of sons and one lac
and twenty thousand
kshoyanis^ of musicians,
All

grand-sons.

He had

eighteen

kings

were his

who entertained him with music. slaves, and eight thousand torches
All mountains
for fear

lighted his
of

sabha
to

every night.

Indra^ prayed

Ravana

for protection,

who

told

them

to

They accordingly became elephants whom he engaged as his servants. He then marched

become elephants.

severe against Indra with his eldest son, Meghanand. battle took place between the gods and the demons, but

the former

were defeated by the latter. In that battle Meghanand flung down Indra with his hairawati$ and
* A conveynance or a chariot serving as a throne through the skies, self -directed and self -moving. | A demi-god. J One

kshoyani consists of 21,870 chariots, 21,870 elephants, 1^09,350 A court. foot, and 65,610 horses. ^ The king of the gods.
$

An

elephant,

Ramavijaya.

hence he was called India jit, the conquerer of Indra. All the gods were seized by Ravana and released on the condi
tion that they

should serve him in his

household in dif
;

Indra ferent capacities. All the gods became his slaves served him as his butler, Chandra held a chatra* over
him, Kuber and Anil cleaned and washed
in
his house.
all

the things

singing.

washerman, and Agni Gabhasti as his page. Brahaspati was his pleader, Bramhadev his priest, and Narada always entertained him with Ravana became a great favourite of Siva and
served

him

as his

by

his blessing

he had got ten faces and twenty hands.


prosperity,

One
to

day

he,

proud of his

went by

his

viman

Kailasa, the place of Siva,

when Nandi^ who was guard

ing the door of the abode in which the god lived, prevent ed him from entering it. The demon was greatly insult I do not care a fig ed at the conduct of ISTandi, and said
"

of thee

and thy

master."

So saying he began to
said to him,
in a
battle."
"

force his

when Siva cursed him and being and monkeys will kill thee

way

in,

A human
Enraged
on which

at this

curse he

tried to pull

off

the mountain

the abode of Siva stood with a view to carry it to Lanka, when the god pressed it in such a manner that the domon-

king was confined to


cried

it

for one

and prayed

to Siva

thousand years. He always during the time for his release.

One day the god pitied him and set him free. Thence he went to Sahasrarjun and praised his own strength
there,

when the

his arms.

He

latter caught hold of him and put him in was ashamed and went to the kingdom of

He entered the Bali, who possessed prodigious strength. palace of the king and praised his valour and bravery, when the latter said in order to test his strength, There lie
1

"

the kundalas | of the demon, ^eranyakashapu, whom shnu had killked to protect Pralada. Just go and get the
"Vi

* A large and lofty Ear -ornaments.

parasol,

f The bull on which Siva ridei.

4
ornaments
not
lift

Ramavijaya.
here." Havana went them up, when Bali said

to bring to him,

them but he could


thou canst bring

"If

the kundalas, just get that die which fell my wife and I were playing together.

down there, while Havana accord

ingly went to

bring the die but, to his great surprise, he could not remove it, when both Bali and his wife heartily

laughed at him. Havana, humbled as he was, set out for Lanka; but on the road he was robbed of his clothes and

ornaments and
faces

let off

with soot being applied to his ten

hands tied up behind like a prisoner. He was much troubled by the people on the road. Some threw dust at him, some slapped him in the face, some
his

and with

pulled

him by the beard and others made him

sit

down

on a dung-hill.
cibly

that he

maid-servant of Bali caught him so for Vishrava implored her to spare his life.

then came there apd begged of Bali to make a present of the demon to him. His request was granted and Ravana was let off. The demon-king returned to Lanka with shame

and confusion. A few days after his return to Lanka he went to catch Vali, who carried him away in his arms to his house and tied him up to the cradle in which his son,
Angada, was fast asleep. Vishrava came and requested Vali to set him free. Vali granted his request and, ap
plying soot to
to
all

the faces of

Ravana, allowed him

to

go

One day he asked Bramhadev to inform him whose hands he would die, when the god told him that by
Lanka.
he would die by the hands of Rama, a son of Dasharatha

and grand-son of Ajapal. Ravana got very indignant and he would kill Dasharatha and his wife by any means. Soon after, Ajapal made preparations for celebrat
said that

ing the marriage of his son with Kausalya, when Narada told him to watch his son and daughter-in-law, because

Ravana would kill them under any circumstances. Where upon Ajapal took Dasharatha and Kausalya on board a ship in the sea far off and was about to tell his priest to

Ramavijaya.

perform their marriage, when Ravana attacked the ship at night with a large army of demons and broke her in
the sea.

Rarana pat Kausalya


fish,

All perished except Dasharatha and Kausalya. into a box and handed it over to a
it

which carried
for

to a desolate

island

and deposited

it

there

safety.

wares of the sea but at

Dasharatha struggled last he got into a broken

much with

the

vessel,

which was carried by the waves to the island, where the box was deposited by the fish. Dasharatha landed on the
sea-shore
;

on

it

for rest.

and seeing the box there he seated himself up Having got refreshed, he opened the box

out of curiosity but, to his great surprise, he found


salya
in
it.

Kau

Narada came there

in the

meantime and,

having perfonied their marriage, blessed them, saying that the god, Rama, would be born to them. In Lanka Ravana

He said asked the god, Bramhadev, about his prediction. has al he You Where is Dasharatha? to the god, know,
"

ready perished in the sea." Bramliadev replied, "Long since Dasharatha has been married to Kausalya; and you will see
that
"

Ravana said, to them." If I Bramhadev them here." replied, then, get Ravana will you give me what them said, here, get
will

Rama

be shortly born

Well

"

?"

"I

promise

to give

you whatever you

will

ask from

me."

Bramhadev then went and brought the box from the and, having opened it, he showed the bride and

island bride-

gro@m

to the

demon.

As soon

as he

saw them, he got


off their

exceedingly enraged and was about to cut

heads,
"

when Bramhadev stepped forward and

said to him,

You

promised me that you would give me whatever.! would ask from you. I, therefore, ask you not to kill Dasharatha

and Kausalya.

Ravana

"

replied,

You may

ask

me

for

any other thing but I cannot spare the lives of those wretI do not want any other tched beings." Bramhadev said,
"

Rahings from you but I want you to spare their lives. yana could not break his promise and accordingly spared

Ramavijaya.

Bramhadey then brought them to Ayodya, their lives. and placed Dasharatha on the throne of the country. One day while Ravana was going by his viman, he observ ed on the road a beautiful woman, who was the wife of a god
and sought to outrage her modesty. She complained to Bramhadev against the conduct of the demon, when the god cursed him and said that if he would outrage the mo desty of any woman, he would be cut into one hundred
fear of the curse he let her go and began to Brahmans and cows that came in his way. The earth trembled and went in the form of a cow to Bra mhadev with all the gods and Rishig and applied to him for I will be born in the family protection, when a voice said, and killing Ravana and of Dasharatha and called Rama all other demons, I will make all the gods and good people For the purpose of helping me the Shesha * on happy. which I lie, will be my second brother, who will be named
pieces.

For

devour the

"

Lakshuman, the shankhaj which

is

in

my

third brother,

who

will be
will

called

hand, will bo Bharata and the

my

sudarshan^

my

weapon,

be

my fourth

brother,

who

will

be -named Shatrughana; and ye, all the gods, will be mon keys.- Siva will be Maruti; Bramhadev, Janbuvant; Dhanavantari, Sushen; Biahasapati,

Angada

the sun, Sugriva;

Agni, Nala; and Yama, Rashabha. Listening to the voice o Vishnu all the gods and Rishis were glad and returned
to their respective places.

At Ayodya Dasharatha marri

ed more wives,

Sumitra and Kayakayi.

He

was an ac

complished prince and very dexterous in the use of dhanushabans. One day he dreamt a dream in which he found
that he had killed an innocent

man and woman.

Where

upon he asked
*
.

his

guru*[ Vashista, a Rishi, to interprete

The king of the serpent-race, as a large, thousand head ed snakes, at once the couch and canopy of Vishnu and the up holder of the world which rests on one of its heads. f The
cotLch-shell-.
J-

discus.

Bows and

arrows.

^ A spiritual teacher

Ramavijaya.
the dream,
dicates

7
"

when

the latter said to him,


I, therefore,

This dream in

bad omens.

a penance, stags and perform

advise you to kill a few so that nothing bad may

happen to you." Listening to the advice of the guru Dasharatha went to a forest for hunting stags and though
;

he worked hard the whole day, he did not come across any stag. At the sun-set he lay in wait at a lake anxious
But, in the meantime, a man Shravan came there with a kavada* across his shoulders in which his helpless old mother and father were
ly

expecting a stag there.

called

His parents, being thirsty, asked their seated by him. son to fetch some water for them. Whereupon Shravan
in placed the kavada on the ground, and taking a goblet the he was but whilst his hand, went to the lake taking
;

for a stag and discharged an arrow at him, which passed through his heart. Dasharatha came where he was lying and became extremely sorry

water, the king took

him

for the accident,

when Shravan

said to him,

"

I shall not

now

live.

Please, therefore, take

some water

in this goblet
;

and give it to my parents, as they are very thirsty and as soon as I hear that they have quenched their thirst, I shall instantly die. They are very old and cannot walk
I carry them in a kavada across my shoulder. Oh, my good king, take care of these poor creatures. There is no one to look after them." Dasharatha sighed and wept The king then took some but the loss was irreparable. water in the goblet and stood where the kavada was placed

The old woman and the man, without speaking a word. who were blind, taking him for Shravan, said, Child,
"

why

cause

doest thou not speak ? Art thou angry with us, be we sent thee to the lake at this hour ? Child, thou

art always obedient to us


*

and what has

irritated

thee to

day

These words made Dasharatha shed

tears,

and at

A bamboo lath provided with slings at each end for the conveyance across the shoulder of pitcher, &c.

8
last

Ramavijaya.
he broke the sad news to the old parents of Shravan, cried violently and said, Shravan, none can
"

when they
and

get a son like thee in this


die with thee.

world.

We

feel

much

for thee

Oh, we cannot bear

this grief.

You,

the murderer of our child, we curse you and say that you will also die of grief for your son in the same way we do."

for

So saying they instantly expired. Dasharatha grieved much Shravan and his old parents whom he had killed by his

own hands, and performed their funeral ceremonies. The king then returned to Ayodya and informed Vashista of what had happened. At this time there was a great
famine in the country, as there was no rain
for twelve years;

and consequently the

subjects of the

king died of thirst

and hunger one

after another.

The

rain

was stopped, be
Indra,

cause Vrashaparva, a powerful demon, fought with the gods


in heaven with the assistance of his guru, Shukra.
therefore, sent a chariot to Dasharatha and

requested

to
at

come up to heaven and the same time, that the


gods.

kill

the demon, informing

him him

rain

the battle with the

was stopped on account of Whereupon Dasharatha went

by the chariot to Indra with his favourit wife, Kayakayi. with Immediately on his arrival there Dasharatha fought
the

guru, at the king, when the chariot of the king arrows charged was about to give way but his wife, Kayakayi, supported
repulsed.
it

demons and killed a large number of them, when Vra the king but he was also shaparva made an attack upon His Shukra, then took the field and dis

knew nothing. by one of her hands, of which the king Dasharatha bravely continued the fight and cut off the alarm with the guru s horse and mugut.* Shukra fled in was other demons. When thing was over, the king
every

informed that the victory he had gained in the battle with The king the demons, was due to his wife, Kayakayi. she reward what her with her, and asked was
pleased
*

Tiaria,

Ramavijaya.
wanted from him.
that
"

9
Kindly give
will

Kayakayi

replied,

me
ask

you your promise from you; and I shall ask you for

will give

me
it

whatever I

whenever I

like."

The

king generously gave the promise she required.


gained by Dasharatha in the battle with the demons, was due to Kayakayi, beca use when she was her parents and stayed with young, a Tapaswi* came to

The

victory,

them

for a day.

At

the time of

his bathing her

mother

She accord told her to go and body with scents. but the scents with him finding that the ingly went to
rub his
;

soot to his Tapaswi was absorbed in meditation, she applied the soot that found face instead of the scents. Having

had been applied


this soot to

to his face,

the doer of the mischeif and said.

he got indignant and cursed Whoever has applied


"

my

face,

will

always

be looked

upon by

all

people with
curse;

contempt."
it

Her mother was

afraid of this

and finding that


the curse a
"

threw herself at the feet


to

was her daughter s doing, she of the Tapaswi and implored him
milder.

make

swi said,

ed the soot

Tapa The hand with which your daughter has appli to my face, will give success to her husband in
little

Whereupon

the

a battle which he will fight with


only she will be praised by
all."

demons and

for

which

After the battle was over, Brahasapti asked the king

whether he had any issue. very sorry that I have no

Dasharatha
issue."

"

replied,

am
him

The god

blessed

and

will Vishnu, the protecting god of the universe, called a Rishi is There Indra said, be born to you."
"

said,

"

He a human face. Shringa Rishi, who has not yet seen and induced he is if and a forest in lives with his father
;

brought to Ayodya, his father, who

is

a great Tapaswi, will


his blessing

come there
will get
*

in

search of his son; and by

you

children.
ascetic,

I shall, therefore, send a f The wife of a god.

devangana f

An

10
to the forest to

Ramavijaya.
charm him with her beauty and singing, Dasharatha thanked may easily follow
her."

so that he

Indra and returned to Ayodya with Kayakayi. Indra ac The young cordingly sent a devangana to the forest. Rishi was placed by his father, Vibhandak, on a mala* in
order that he
lions and tigers. woman, was at first fri ghtened; but soon after, he was charmed with her beauty and singing. As his father was absent, she brought him to Ayodya. Dasharatha cordially received him; and short

might not be devoured by


seen the

The young

boy, having

he gave away his foster-daughter in marriage to Vibhandak knew by his yoga] that his son was taken to Ayodya in his absence, and got so much enraged
ly after,

him.

that he immediately went to that city to curse the woman to death. Dasharatha treated him with respect and on
;

finding that his son was married to the foster-daughter of the king, he was pleased with him and blessed him, saying

that four mighty sons

would be born to him.

The Rishi

then made a havan.\ The god, Agni, came out of it and entrusted to Vashista a thali full of pay as ^ and told him to divide it equally among the three wives of the king,
so that they might get sons, as soon as they partook of
it.

Vashista made three pindas $ of the payas and gave the


largest of

them

to Kausalya, the eldest wife of Dasharatha,


to

and the other two

Sumitra and Kayakayi.

Kayakayi,

the third wife of the king, became jealous and said that ,she was entitled to the largest pinda, because she support ed the chariot of the king by her own hands, which was

about to give way during the battle with the demons. While she was thus quarreling about it, a ghar from
||

above snatched the pinda from her hands and flew in the
*

An

erected seat,
J

union with Bramha through abstract

meditation.

large hole

made
&c,

in the

ground for receiving


pot.
[|
*|"

and preserving consecrated fire. composed of rice, sugar, milk,

A
$

cooking

dish

Lumps.

kite.

Ramavijaya.
air

11

with

it.

She became exceedingly sorry and began to

weep, when Dasharatha prevailed upon Kausalya to divi de her pinda into two halves and give one to Kayakayi

and keep the other for herself. Kausalya accordingly did Sumitra also did the same thing in compliance it; and Thus Kayakayi got one full with the wishes of the king.
Kausalya and pinda for herself, which she ate heartily. Sumitra ate their own halves. Soon after, the three ladies
became pregnant. The pinda which was snatched by the ghar from the hands of Kayakayi, fell by a blast of wind into the hands of Anjani, the wife of a monkey called Kesari.

She

also swallowed

up the pinda and became pregnant.


born to Anjani
of
is

The

story of the child

as

follows:

Kesari, performed a severe penance for seven years on the hills called Rishiparvat, in order that the god, Siva, might be pleased to bless

Anjani,

the

wife

her with an immortal

son.

Siva was

pleased

with her

and

"

said,

thou wishest.
fore, tell

An immortal He will be a
to sit
falls

son will

be

born to thee as

thee

I, there part of my body. here in meditation and swallow up

any thing that

into

thy hands,

so that thy wish

may

be

fulfilled."

pinda from the

bill

So saying Siva dis-appeared. The of the ghar fell into the hands of

Anjani, and she swallowed it up as directed by Siva. The ghar was a devangana who had become a bird the curse of Indra. This god was displeased with by
her,

because

she

did not dance

properly;

and

it

was

appointed by Bramhadev that she would be released from the curse, as soon as the pinda fell into the hands of Anjani.

The
curse;

devangana was accordingly released from the and after her release she went to Indra. Anjani,
months, was delivered of a powerful

after a period of nine

tail.

a monkey and had a long he saw the light, he was hungry; and when he did not get any thing to eat, he went to devour the

on called Maruti

He was

When

12

Ramavijaya.
At that time Rahu also when Maruti said to him*
first to

sun, taking him for a fruit. came there to devour the sun,
"

Who

art

thou

have come here

devour the

So saying he broke the head of Rahu with his tail and, catching him by his feet, flung him down, Ketu then came to help him, but he was also severely
fruit."

beaten by the monkey.

In the mean-time, Maruti was


the wind.

brought down by
After nine

his father,

months Kausalya, Sumitra and Kayaof sons. Rama was bora to Kausalya delivered were kayi Lakshuman to Sumitra and the twins, Bharat and
;

Shatrughana

to

Kayakayi.

They

grew up, and the

ceremonies of investing them with sacred threads were They were taught by Vashista the Vedas* performed. and mantras.^ On his return from a pilgrimage Viswamitra, a Rishi, c*me to Ayodya. Dasharatha received

him cordially and worshipped him with devotion. The Rishi blessed him and said to him, Dasharatha, I want
"

you to give me a promise that you will give me whatever^ The king gave him the promise I will ask from you."
the Rishi required, when the latter said to the former, all the Rishis are very much troubled by the demons, Maricha, Subhahu, and others. They have often
"

We

destroyed our havans; and consequently we are not able No one can kill to perform our yadnya\ successfully.

them except Rama.


with

I therefore, wish you to send


demons."

Rama

me

to

kill
"

the

Dasharatha was startled


I send

and

replied,
?

Rishi,

how can
kill

my

tender child
?

with you

How
ask

can he
for

the mountain-like demons

You may

any other thing but not Rama," You Vishwamitra became very indignant and said, ought to have considered well, before you gave me the
"

me

promise.
*

At any

rate I

must now take

Rama

with

me."

Sacred writings of the Hindus,

f Incantations,

sacrifice.

Ramavijaya.

13

In the mean-time Vashista came there and advised the


if he king to send Rama with the Rishi, saying that and his him would curse he did not listen to him, sons, as

he was obstinate

and

of a choleric disposition. Dasharatha,

then

brought

Rama and Lakshuinan


in charge of the Rishi.

before his

sabha

and gave them

Vishwamitra then

accompanied by two young boys, set out for the forest, where the Rishis were performing their yadnya. But on the road they were encountered by Tatika, a hide

She had the strength of ten ous and frightful demoness. thousand elephants, her chest was as large as a mountain,
her hair and
dress were saturated with
blood, the strings of dead-bodies were put round her neck,

and her head was


saw them, she

besmeared with sliindur.*

As

soon as she

opened her mouth and went with other demonesses to de vour them, when Rama instantly killed her with one ar
row.

Twenty croresf of demons, headed by Banasur, a very powerful demon, then came upon Rama to revenge the killing of the demoness; but they all were repulsed by him with heavy loss. After the defeat of the demons they their on and when they came near a journey proceeded
;

shila,\
feet of

it

began

to tremble

as soon as the

dust from the

Rama
feet,

fell

upon
it

with his

than

and no sooner did he touch it became a beautiful woman who, bow


it
;

The story of ing to Rama, returned to her husband. the woman became a shila is as follows:-

how

Bramhadev had

a very

beautiful

daughter,

named

Ahilya. Many gods and kings requested her father to her give away in marriage to them. But Bramhadev had made a condition that whoever would go round the earth and return within six hours, should marry her without
loss of time.

Whereupon all the kings and gods, includ ing Indra, went round the earth, but none could return within six hours except Gowtam, a Rishi, to whom Ahilya
*

Keil powders.

f Ten millions.

flat stone,

14

Ramavijaya.

was married agreeably to the condition. Indra became very jealous of the Rishi and sought to outrage her mo desty. Some time after his marriage he and his wife went
to a river with Rishis for ablutions on the

day

of

an

eclipse.

After their ablutions


with

were

over,
;

Gowtam
his

sat

there

other Rishis for meditation

and

wife returned

home.

there in the form of her

While she was alone in her abode, Indra went husband and outraged her mode In the mean-time, Gowtam returned home; and sty. finding Indra in the abode he cursed him and Ahilya, say
ing that there would be one thousand ulcers on the body of the god and that his wife would be a shila and remain
in that
state for sixty
fault

thousand years

but that as there

on her part, she would be released from the curse, when Rama would touch her with his feet. Ahilya accordingly became a shila and Indra a peacock with one

was no

thousand ulcers on
of a

his body.

While

the

god

in the

form

peacock was flying about in

forests, the

other gods

prayed to

Gowtam for him, who, having been pleased with them, restored Indra to his former state and turned all the ulcers on his body int eyes. After the release of
Ahilya from the curse, Vishwainitra proceeded on his jour ney with Rama and Lakshuman. Shatanand, a son of
Ahilya and the priest of the king, Janak, also accompani ed him. They all arrived at the city of Mathila and put

up

at a garden there.

At

the request of

Rama Vfshwa-

witra related the story of the birth


"

of Sita, a daughter of

One day I wish you would he said to Lakshuini, wife of Vishnu, be born in my family and become my daughter. She re I If in be born I and become your dau your family plied,
ghter, you will be miserable.
to
I

Janak, which is as follows: There was a king called Padamaksha.

become your daughter,


the king

if

my

have however no objection husband tell me to do so/


to

Whereupon

performed a severe penance

gain

Bamavijaya.

15

the favour of Vishnu, who was pleased with him and gave him a fruit, which the king took at home and kt-.pt with

him.

After nine months


child,

were orer, the fruit bore a

fe

The king, having got a and named the child became glad exceedingly daughter, She grew up aad became marriageable. Padmakshi.
male
the

same Lakshumi.

Many

kiags, derai-gods

and Rishis requested her father to

them, but he refused to com that he would marry her to ply with their request, saying a man whose body was dark blue. At this refusal they all
give her

away

ia marriage to

got enraged and killed the king on the spot. Whereupon his daughter threw herself into a havan in which the con
secrated

was burning. At that time Ravan happened He to look at her, and was captivated with her charms.
fire

immediately extinguished the fire with a view to catch her, He found in the havan five ratnas* but she disappeared.

which he gave to his wife, Mandodari. The were placed by Ravana aad his wife ia a box
after,

five
;

ratnas

and soon

they

found, to their
it

great surprise,

that a femalelifted the child,

child played in

with pleasure.
<

Ravana

but Mandodari

said,
will

If

whole of Lanka

be

set

you keep this child here, the on fire. The kingdom of

Padmaksha was annihilated on account of this child, and the poor king was killed by the kings and demi I, therefore, pro gods who had gone there to marry her.

Ra pose that the box should be thrown somewhere else. to minister his vana was alarmed, and ordered bury the
box
of the demon-king.

Janak, who was the bitterest enemy The minister accordingly ordered his men to carry the box and bury it as directed by Ravana. The men lifted up the box, when the child said, * I shall Ravana again come here and extirpate all the demons. kill the child, when Mando and about to was enraged got
in the

kingdom

of

dari prevented
*

him from doing

so.

The box was then

car-

Gems.

16

Ramavijaya.

ried at night and buried in the field presented by Janak to a Brahman. One day while the Brahman was ploughing his field, he found the box and carried it to the king. The

box was opened and, to the great astonishment of all, a girl of the age of five years was found in it. As soon as
the king saw her, he was

moved with

affection,

and broug

ht her up as his One day Purusharam, hayingdaughter. killed all the on Kshetriyas* earth, came to the kingdom of Janak. He went into the palace with the king to take

and when he came out after dinner, he found that some one had removed the dhanusha^ placed by him at the court of the He was king. greatly enraged and
dinner
;

said,
t

has taken my dhanusha It is so heavy that can not ba removed even by thousands of So elephants. saying lie came out of the court with the king to look for
!

Who

but, to his grrat surprise, he

saw the

girl

riding on
left

it.

]STo

sooner did she behold her father than she

the dha

nusha there and ran away, when Puiusharam said to the king, My incarnation is now over. Let the dhanusha be
here. I

now

advise you to hold

a sccyawar^

and marry

your daughter to any man who will lift up the bow and break it off. So saying Purusharam left for his abode.

sayawar and invited to it all All attended the sayawar who came there without invitation. The including Havana, king told the assembly that Sita would be married to any man who would lift up the dhanusha and break it off.
after,

Soon

the king held a

the kings and Eishis on earth.

Many

king* attempted to lift it up but they all failed in their Ravana then stepped forward and loudly said attempt.
to

with pride and vanity, This bow is a trifling thing I shall break it off in a second. I know, ye, weak

me,

kings
be

and
lift

Rishis, will not be able to

lift it

up. It is I
Sita

who would

up the dhanusha and break


*

it

off.

will

my

Warriors.

fA bow

The choosing from amongst a

public assembly, of a spouse by a female.

Ramavijaya.
wife,

17
So saying, he began strength and force
;

and 1

shall be her

husband.
all

to

lift

up the dhannsha with


lifting
it

his

and while he was

up,

it fell

heavily on his breast,

and consequently he panted for breath and implored others to help him, when Rama immediately removed it, at the broke it into two pieces. suggestion of Viswamitra, and
Sita,

who was

seated

all

the time on the back of an elephant?


of

the neck put the garland in her hands round when Ravana returned to Lanka with shame
sion.

Rama,

and confu

ted

Janak informed Dasharatha of the sayawar and reques him to come to Mithila to celebrate the marriage of
Dasharatha,
full of joy,

his son with Sita.

went

to Mithila

Soon after, Rama with his wives, sons, and courtiers. was married to Sita, and Varmila, Maliti and Shrutakirti,
the other daughters of Janak, to Lakshuman, Bharat, and Rama knew that Purusharam Shatrughna respectively.

would come and fight with him on account of the dhanusha he had broken and, therefore, he did not like to stay any
;

longer at Mithila.

But

at the request of his father-in-law

he stayed there for a few days more. In the meantime, Narada went to Purusharam and told him that a man call ed

Rama had

broken his dhanusha.

He was

greatly

en

raged at this

news

and having come

to MithiJa, he kicked

up a great row about the dhanusha. To foment the quarrel Narada told him that Rama had broken the bow and that he was so proud that he did not even come down to receive him.

Purusharam got indignant and

let

off

arrows

at

Rama,

which melted away, as soon as the


his

latter

saw them. Puru

sharam, knowing that his incarnation was over, laid down

arms and weapons, when

Rama came down and em

braced him heartily.

Soon
sons,

after,

Dasharatha, accompanied by his wives and

Ayodya with exultation and joy. The king had invited to the marriage of Rama his brother-inaw, Sangramajit, who requested the former to send Bhareturned to

Ramavijaya.
spend a few days him. Dago with him, though they were unwilling to part with his brothers, Rama and Lakshumanfora single moment. -Kayakayi pressed her sons to go with her brother and they accordingly went with him. Hama and Lakshuman were obedient to their
rat and-

Shatrughana

to

with"

snaratha bade his sons

very

parents

and served them with


.day the
install

all

their heart

and

soul.

One

king looking to his

Rama

every preparation to perform the ceremony of installation and in vited to it all the kings and Rishis on earth. All the and

old age, made up his mind to in the throne of Ayodya. He made

gods

Brahmans were

afraid

that

if

Rama was

installed in the

throne of Ayodya,

he would not go to Lanka and relieve


of the

them from the oppression

of the gods, therefore, sent one

and prejudice Kayakayi and all the subjects a ga inst Rama and put an obstacle in the
the ceremony,
of the

demons. Viranchi, one Tikalpa to go to Ayodya


of the

king

performance of

so that

the prince

might go to the forest


Vikalpa tried his
ut
all

demons and
prejudice

kill

them

all.

most
so

to

them against Rama; kit they were

Mantra, a favourite maid-servant of Kayakayi, whom he prejudiced against Ra ma. She hated the prince and with a view to deprive him
;

good and pious that they remained There was only one wicked woman,

faithful to the prince.

of the

throne of Ayodya, she

went into the room

of

Ka

yakayi and, throwing herself on the ground, began to beat her breast with tears in her eyes, when Kayakayi asked her what the cause of her grief was. Mantra replied, "You, un
fortunate

woman! Your husband

in the throne of

is going Ayodya, and as soon as he

to install
is

Rama

throne, he will
glad,
said,
if
"

kill your both the sons. Bharat is installed in the throne/ your Kayakayi I have, no objection to the installation of Rama

placed on the I shall be very

whom I

love. as

my :son,

Bharat."

enraged and began to cry

Mantra got exceedingly violently. Kayakayi went to quiet

Ramavijaya.
her
tra,

19

when Vikalpa

also prejudiced ber against Rarna.

Man

change in her mistress, was might ily pleased with her and kissed her. Kayakayi said, "My dearest, just tell me what I should do to get rid of Rama."

seeing a sudden

we must send him away Any how," replied Mantra, and have our Bharat placed on the throne of Ayodya. 1, therefore, tell you with pleasure that if the king come to see you, ask him to fulfil the promise given by him to you
"
"

during the battle he had fought with the demons in heaven

you remember the promise given by him to you 1 He promised you that he would give you whatever you would ask from him as a reward for helping him in the battle.

Do

You

should,

therefore, ask the

king to send

Rama
is

to the

forest of the

demons

for fourteen

years and place Bharat

on the throne of Ayodya.

And

another thing

that

if

the prince goes to the forest, the king will soon die of grief for his son and it will be then a very good thing for you
;

and your sons


to her

to pass your days in

happiness."

liked the advice of

Mantra

and

before the king


off

Kayakayi came in

room

at night, she

had taken

her ornaments and

thrown herself on the ground with her hair in disorder. In the meantime, the king entered her room and as keel
her what the matter was, when she replied, ed king. Be gone. I know your heart.
to banish
Rama."
"

Thou, wick
are going

You
say

my

sons to a forest and give the kingdom to


"

Dasharatha

replied,

What you

is

untrue,

because I love Bharat and Shatrughana as

Rama and

Lakshuman."

much as I love Kayakayi replied, Be gone. I


"

The king felt it bad, my when Kayakayi spoke those words; and in order to pacify her he asked her what she wanted from him, when Kayakayi The promise given to me by you during the bat replied,
room."
"

do not want you in

tle

with the demons, must be


is

now

fulfilled.

What

want

from you
the

that you should banish


for fourteen years

Rama
install

to the forest of

demons

and

my

son Bharat

20
in the throne of

Ramavijaya.

The king was thunder-struck, Ayodya." when Kayakayi made the cruel demand, and persuaded her much to ask him for something else; bat she would not

In the meantime, his faithful minister, came and informed the king, who was lying on the ground in disorder, that everything was ready for per forming the ceremony of installation, when the latter told

mind

him.

Simian

fc,

the former what had happened

room of Kayakayi. and called Ramawent The minister, being exceedingly sorry, and implored came The in the room of Kayakayi. prince
in the

the cause of his grief, when Kayakayi had given me a promise at the battle king replied with the demons that lie would give me whatever I would
his father to tell
"The

him

ask from him.

I have asked

him

to fulfil

that

promise,
"

and

since then he has been


is

very

sorry."

Rama

said,

think, he

"

not able enongh to comply with your demand." Well" said I should think Rama, Kayakayi repled, from him, if my father cannot give you what you want
"

so."

I promise to give

it

to

you."

Kayakayi
rule

replied,

"Then

go to

the

forest of the
let

demons
son,

for fourteen

years with
in

Lakshu"

man and
"

my

Bharat,

so. It is Most willingly. said, Bharat and I are because one." the same to me, thing just Rama then, taking his leave of Kayakayi went to his mo

Ayodya. I have no objection to do

Rama

ther,

Kausalya, and told her what had happened. Kausalya Thou shalt not leave me. became very sorry and said, fourteen for Hide thyself in my room years, and I shall

keep the secrecy. I cannot remain without thee." Rama repli I am now bound by my promise ed, "Mother, excuse rne.
to

go to the forest." So saying he threw himself at her feet and obtained her permission to go to the forest." He then went to Lakshuman and told him all that had taken place,

when

the latter said,

"I

shall

accompany you.

I cannot live

here without you, and

if

you leave
suicide."

me

here alone and go to

the forest, I shall commit

Rama, having consent-

Ramavijaya.
ed to take Lakshnman with him,
wenjf,
fo

21
his
wife,
Sita,

and
live

"

said,

am

going
I

to

the

forest

bt the

demons
1 ask

for

fourteen years;

and

until T return to

with Kausalya.

cannot take

Ayodya, you with


"

you to
in

me

the

forest, as you are delicate

and

will

not be able to bear hard


replied
I,

ship with

"

me."

T shall follow you,


befall

Sita,

"and

share any misfortune that

go down on
here alone.
"

my

you. therefore, may knees and implore you not to leave me Whereupon Rama consulted Vashista and

promised Sita that he would also take her with him. Lastly he went to take his leave of Dasharatha, when the kingI feel much for thee. said with tears in his eyes, The
"

wicked and wretched


not think that I shall

woman

has

done

this

all,

and

do

live until tliou returnest

to

Ayodya.

I shall die of grief for thee. As I cannot tell thee to break the promise given by thee to Kayakayi, I give thee my cons

ent to go to the forest.

Child, take with thee


"

all

necessarv

"Father, things and pass thy days in happiness. replied I shall dress myself in do not want any thing. Rama,
"I

valkalyas* and pass

my

days in

meditation."

As soon

as

Rama

spoke these words, Kayakayi brought valkalyas and placed them before Kama, Sita and Lakshuman, whodress-

ed themselves in them and set ou


minister, Sumant.

for the forest

with tho

Rama

sat

down

They Shramga Yera, where for rest on the grass under the shade of a
arrived at

tree near a beautiful river

and,

there, requested a fisherman called

having refreshed himself Guhaka, who was his

devotee, to convey

him with

other side of the river.

Sita and Lakshuman to tho Guhaka asked him who he was,

when he informed him


of

that he was

Rama,

the eldest

son

Dasharatha. Whereupon the fisherman, having embraced him, conveyed him with Sita and Lakshuman to the
other side of the river,
prince and returned
*

when Sumant took


Ayodya.

his leave of tho

to

Rama

then went to the

Barks of a

tree.

22
abode
of

Ramavijaya.

Bharadw\
"I

a Rishi,

who worshipped him and

re

quested him to sfay with him ior about fifteen days, when the prince said, cannot stay with you any longer, because
the people of

Ayodya

will often

come here and entreat


go to the
of

me

to return to the

kingdom.

I shall, therefore,

Dandakaranya"*

At

the

request

Kama Bharadwaj

showed him the way that led to tbe hills called Chitrakuta, where many learned Rishis lived. He went up to the hills

and saw Valmika, a Rishi, and worshipped him with respect and reverence. Lakshuman built a parnakutika^ there, and they all lived in it.

On

the return of Surnant to

Ayodya Dasharatha died


that none
of

of grief for

Rama.

It

was

a pity

his sons

was present at the time of his death. His wives, Kausalya and Sumitra, much mourned for the king but Kayakayi did
not shed a tear for him.
of the king his sons, Bharat

To perform the funeral ceremony and Shatrughana, were sent

for, and until they returned to Ayodya, his body was pres erved in a Kadayi,^ full of oil. Soon after, Bharat and .Shatrughana returned to the city and, having seen the
;

lifeless

body of their father, they violently cried and much lamented for tmn. The body of the Vashishta said,
"

king cannot be throne of Ayodya.


forest^

burnt,-

unless

some one

is

placed on the

Rama and Lakshuman

have gone to the

as

Bharat to occupy the throne, them banished to the forest to se has Kayakayi got cure the throne for him. At this information Bharat was
I,

and

therefore, ask

"

startled,

and said

to Vashishta with tears in his eyes,


?

"0

how can

I bear this grief

do not want the

want nothing from this city. I beseech you not to install me in the throne, as
Raina
is

kingdom. I go down on my knees and

my

beloved

a rightful claimant of

it.

I will

go wherever

Ra

ma

is,

and pass

my

days with

him."

Having known the

forest called

Dandakaranya.

small hut.

large

vessel

made

of iron.

Ramavijaya.

23

heart of Bh-irat Vashishta placed the padukas* of Kama on the throne and proclaimed him as the king of Ayodya ,

funeral ground,
ya,

Shortly after, the body of Dasharatha was carried to tlie and burnt with all his wives, except Kausal1

Sumitra and Kayakayi. Kausalya and Sumitra were ready to burn themselves with their husband, but Vashishta After prevented them from doing so, as they had sons.
the funeral ceremony of Dasharatha was over, Bharat wenfe

and saw
caused

his mother,

Kayakayi, when she


for

said,

"Son!

have

Rama and Lakshuman


kingdom

to be banished to a forest

and

you with the greatest difficulty. Now without delay take charge of the kingdom, and and you will be very happy. We have now no enemies
secured the
;

it is

good sign that the king has also died." Bharat got very much enraged at what he had heard from Kayakayi and replied, "You are a murderess of your husband and an
a very

enemy
ment
ful

of

Rama.

It

is

most

sinful,

wicked and disgraceful

on your part to cause the death


of

of

my
I

dear brother to the


let

my father and the banish forest. Rama is the right


him come and take
his

claimant of the throne,

want nothing except Rama and shall pass kingdom. with him in the forest." So saying he dressed my days
himself in valkalyas and set out for
brothers.

Chitrakuta to join his

followed by Vashista, Kausalya, Sumitra, Shatrughana, Sumant, and all the people of Ayodya, who

He was

were very anxious to see Rama. Thay all arrived at the Guhaka had hut his and at the request of where, river,
;

Bharat the fisherman conveyed


side of the
river.

all

the people to

the other
people,,

Lakshuman having

seen

the

thought that Kayakayi had sent them to kill Rama and began to let off arrows at them. But Rama stopped him, saying
that they were not his enemies. Shortly after, they all reached the paranakutika of Rama, when the prince embra

ced them very affectionately and asked his mother


*

how the

Wooden

shoes,

23:

Eamavijaya.

king was doing. Kausalya, overwhelmed with grief, could not utter a word, when Vashista broke the sad news to He deeply mourned for his father and remained him.

mute

for a while.

Vashishta condoled with him to perform

the last ceremony of his father. Whereupon he the river, Gaya, and performed the ceremony.

went to
Kausalya,

Sumitra, Vashishta, and all the people persuaded return to Ayoclya and take charge of the
lie
"

Rama

to

kingdom, when

said,

am

always true to

my

promise, faithful to

my

wife,

and

of a firm resolution.

I cannot, therofore,

break

the promise given by me to my mother, Kayakayi, in fulfil ment of the promise given by my father to her and return
to

Ayodya under any


to

circumstances."

Bharat

said,
else

If

you do not corne


pass

Ayodya, I

will

go somewhere
the
city."

and

my

days there until you return to

llama

stroking his head, replied, "Bharat do not be disheartened 1 shall return to Ayodya in fourteen years and fourteen days. I, therefore, wish you to go back to the and
city

rule there

on

my

to obey you,

very glad but I shall not feel there well without your

behalf.

Bharat

"

said,

am

company.
to

I therefore,

beg that you


"

will

kindly

let

me go
fourt

Nandigram and
days."

stay there for fourteen years

and

een

Ayodya
"

in

Rama replied, If you will not be happy in. my absence, I shall let you go to Nandigrain.
"if

But

"

said Bharat,

you do not return from the forest

within
.suicide.

fourteen years and fourteen days, I shall


"

commit

Rauia, having been pleased with his

brotherly

feelings, gave him his padukas and sent him to ]SJ"andigram where he lived as a Joyi* for fourteen years and fourteen

Rama also gave his padukas to Shatrughana and uade him go to Ayodya and rule there on his behalf. Shatrughana returned to Ayodya with Kaut-alya, Sumitra, and
day?.
"all

the people

who had. accompanied him.


Ayodya, the

few days af
lived a

ter he

had
*

left for

Brahmans, who

An

ascetic.

aoEaCTgKflaasg^ai

Ramavijaya.
"

25
is

Chitrakuta, said,
attractive.
If

Rama, your

wife

very handsome and

you stay here with us any longer, the de


all.

mons

will

come here and devour us


to carry off your Sita.

We

are informed

that the demons, Trishira, Khur, and Dushan, will shortly

come here
to

you need not be

leave this

place at

once."

We, therefore, Rama replied,

request
"

You

afraid.

Let
all

here, I shall kill

them

demons on earth come The Brahand defend you.


all

the

mans, having no
hills

faith in

what

Rama
;

had

said,
after,

left

the

with their wives


to the

and

children.

Soon
his

Rama
to

removed
forest,

Dandakaranya

and on

way

the

he killed a

demon

called Viradha.

Viradha was a gandharv called Tumbar. One day Kuber, having called him in his presence to sing for him, Kuber the demi-god got tipsy and went before him.
got enraged at his conduct and cursed him, saying that he would be a demon and would wander in the forest for ten thousand years but that he would be released from the curse, when he would be killed by the hands of Rama.

As appointed, the gandharv released from the curse.

was

killed

by

Rama and

Rama
man

spent thirteen years


of Atri, a

with

Sita

and Lakshuhis

in visiting holy places.

And

during

pilgrimage

Brahman, where he worship headed Thence he went three the god, Datatraya. ped and visited Agasti, a very powerful Rishi. The story
he visited the abode
of the
"

power

of the Rishi

is

as follows

Alva.
of

There lived three demons called Atapi, Vatapi, and They were blessed by the god, Siva, with the art
of

enchantment, by means

which they devoured the

Brahmans. Vatapi became food and Alva water. Atapi became a benefactor and invited every Brahman to partake of the food and water. The Brah man came; and as soon as he ate the food arid drank the
innocent
water, Atapi cried aloud the

names

of

Vatapi and Alva,

26

Ramavijaya.
call

who, having responded to the


off the

of their

brother, tore

killed

Brahman and came body Brahman and ate his flesh. every
of the

out.

Thus they

One day Agasti

was invited by Atapi to partake of the food and water The Rishi complied with his invitation and as soon as he ate the food and drank the water, Atapi cried aloud
;

as usual the
prise,

names

of his brothers

but to

his

great sur

they did not respond to his call, as the Rishi burnt Vatapi in his stomach. Alva, who had escaped from the

belly of the Rishi, and his brother, Atapi, assumed dif ferent forms and began to run away, when the Rishi cut off the head of Atapi. Alva escaped and mixed himself

with the ocean, when Agasti drank


killed the
demon."

off

the whole ocean

and

Rama
Ravana.

his stay there

stayed with Agasti for a month and during he presented him with an arrow to kill
;

Panchavati.
Jatayu, the solar

From the Dandakaranya Rama set out for On the road he saw a huge bird called who asked Rama who he was. I belong to
"

race,"

replied

Rama,"

and am son
"

of the

king,

Dasharatha.
said Jatayu,
"

am

called

Rama."

am

son of

Kasha,"

and the name

of

my

uncle

is

Suparna, and
great friend.

am

called Jatayu.

Your
the

father
battle

was
called

my
me

I helped

him during
and,

which he had fought


his
brother."

with Shukra

therefore,

he

Having embraced Jatayu, Rama proceeded on his journey and reached Panchawati, where he lived with Sita in a
parnakutika built by Lakshuman.
fruits

Lakshuman gathered

and kandamuls*

for

Sita

and Rama, which they

their days there. He guarded the hut for fear the demons and he himself remain of night every ed without food.

ate

and passed

One day Lakshuman went near


fruits
*

a thicket to

collect

and kandamuls, where he saw a deadly


Esculent
roots,

sword.

Ramavijaya.
descending from above.
standing; and
tried
it
it

27
fell

The weapon

where he was

having looked sharp

and powerful, he

the thicket was cut

on the thicket, but, to his great astonishment, into two parts, and there flowed a
afraid that

large

Lakshuman was quantity of blood. he killed some ascetic, while meditating in the thicket; and in order to satisfy himself about it he immediately
went to

Rama

had happened, The blood which flows through the thicket afraid.
"

with the khadag and informed him of what when Rama said, Brother, do not be
is

of

a demon called Shabari.

This

demon

is

the

son of Sur-

He was meditating in sister of Ravana. to get the weapon a view with unobserved the thicket from Siva. The god had sent the weapon for him. If
panakha, a

had gone to the hands of the demon, he would have annihilated the whole of the universe with it.
the weapon

Thank God that you have got it; and I tell you to take Lakshuman was glad at this a particular care of information and cheerfully attended to his duties. On the day Shabari was killed by Lakshuman, Surit."

panakha found
fallen her son;

in her

and having been awakened,

dream that some calamity had be she, accom

panied by four demonesses, immediately started for the for She wandered in the forest and est to look for her son.
at last

came

to

the thicket

she searched

the whole

and seeing the blood there wood and at last found that her
;

As soon as she saw her son, son was cut into two pieces. The other four she fainted and cried violently for him.
demonesses condoled with her

and immediately after, they ; burnt the body of Shabari and went in search of the enemy
killed the
;

who had
son,

demon.

They traced Lakshuman from


beautiful damsel

his foot-prints

and

in order to revenge the killing of her


herself into a
;

Surpanakha formed

and taking with her the four demonesses, who had also formed themselves into very good maid-servants, she went

28
to

Ramavijaya.
Lakshuman
a ad said,
"

I have
;

travelled all over the

earth in

search of a husband
as beautiful as

but I have not


I

found a

young man
after you,
live.
1,

yourself.

have become

mad

and unless you consent to marry me, I shall not therefore, implore you to take me for your wife.

Do

not you see

how

quite

young

girl like

upon

captivated with her his giving her an answer, he replied,


brother and sister-in-law.

Can you get elsewhere a Lakshuman was not at all charms, but she having much insisted
I

look
?"

me

have got
a hut.
I

my

There they

live in
"

cannot do any thing without their


to your

consent."

I shall

go

the demoness, ** and get a letter brother," &aid So saying she went from him consenting to our match/ to Panchawati with her maid-servants and said to Rama,
"

I I like your brother from the bottom of my heart. have made up my mind to marry him, and he has also pro mised me to take me for his wife subject to your approval

me and

pray that you will kindly pity letter or any other sign signifying your give Sita was moved with her your consent to our marriage. manner of address, and requested Rama to comply with
of the

match.

I, therefore,

me

Rama surveyed her from head to foot and her request. finding her eye- balls upside down, he knew that she was
;

Surpanakha
"

in the

fore, said,

I have
it

form of a human being. Rama, there no objection to give you my consent


on your
"

but I shall write


"

back."

replied she,

I feel bashful to

show you

How can you do my back.


"

it,"

"It

does
here."

not matter,

continued Rama.

There

is

no one

At

last

Surpanakha told
to the

Rama

to write his con

sent on her back, which the latter wrote and sent her away.

The demoness hastened


was standing and
sented to
"

said,

You

place where Lakshuman see, your brother has con

our marriage with much pleasure. If you like, I am not a liar, you you may go and ask him about it. know. He has given me no letter or any sign but he has

Ramavijaya.
"

29
will -not
do,"

to marry simply told you

me."

That

re

plied

Lakshuman,

"

must have
his

a letter

or sign

from
Sur-

my
by

brother signifying his consent to our

marriage."

panakha, having known

mind, showed the


letter
off

letter written

Rama on

her back.
it,

The

stated that as

soon as

Lakshuman read
ears of the

he should at once cut

the nose
letter

and
and,

demoness.

Lakshuman
directed by
off,

read

the

her having seized her by


her nose and ears as and ears were thus cut

hair, flung her

down and
.

cut off

Rama

When

her nose

she

and her maid-servants as


yells Trishira

sumed their original forms and fled for fear of losing their
lives,

screaming hideously.
"

Listening to her

Khur and Dushan came


demons.
"

to help her witn fourteen

thousand

Look

at

my

nose and

ears,"

There

live

three

human

beings,

she said to them, two males and one

female.

The man, who

called

himself

Lakshuman, has
their heads
>

the instigation of his disfigured me at You must now go there and in-law.
so that I
Trishira,

brother and sister-,


cut off

dignity fourteen

may Khur and Dushan, having thought it below their to go and fight with those human beings, selected
powerful

drink their blood and refresh myself with it/

demons and sent them


but

to

Panchawati

with Surpanakha, arrow. Surpanakha

Rama
fled in

cut

off their

heads with one

alarm and informed Trishira

Khur and Dushan of what had happened. Whereupon but they marched against Rama with an army of demons
in a mo they were also killed by the prince with his arrow ment. Surpanakha fled to Lanka in consternation and, showing her nose and ears to her brother, Ravana, inform

ed him that Trishira,

Khur and Dushan had been


news and, having
"

killed

by

Rama

with fourteen thousand demons.


at the sad

Ravana was
called

greatly alarmed

upon
kill

his uncle, Maricha, said to him,

You

see,

Rama

has

ed

Trishira,

Khur and Dushan and


enemy
is

disfigured

khat

If this

allowed to go unnoticed,

Surpanahe will

30
even

Ramavijaya.

I have, therefore, made up kill me one day or other. his off to mind Sita, wife, to Lanka and kill Ra carry my ma and Lakshuman. Please, therefore, be a beautiful haran* and frolic at the paranakutika of Rama and
;

when he comes with


soon as he
Lanka."
"

his

dhanushaban f to

kill

you,
;

rim

to the heart of the forest.


is

Rama

will

pursue you

and as

"It

is

separated from Sita, I shall carry her off to sinful to covet one s wife," replied Maricha,
off,

and

if

you carry her


I, therefore,

you

will

lose

your

life

and

everything.

advise you to change

your mind

and attend
enraged and

to your
"

affairs."

At

this advice

Ravana got

thing to advise me that It is your duty to help me on such occasions. I, way. therefore, command you to come with me and do what I tell
said,

It

is

a bad

you to do." Whereupon Maricha accompanied Ravana to Panchawati with the greatest reluctance. On their arrival there Ravana stood behind a thicket near the abode of Ra

ma, and
"

his uncle,
it.

forming himself into a stag, played tricks

in front of

Sita

saw the stag and said

to

Rama>

it

get its skin for my waistcoat. Please take this dhanushaban and kill it for me, so that
I

Dearest, I wish I would is.

look at that stag.

What

a beautiful

creature

may have

its

skin for

the wishes of his wife

aimed at the went


after

stag.

took up his dhanushaban and The animal began to run, and Rama
he went far
off

my Rama

waistcoat.

To comply with

it.

When

from the paranaku

tika, Ravana who was standing behind the thicket unobser a view ved, imitated the voice of Rama and cried out with

Lakshuman help me. to separate Lakshuman from Sita, Sita heard this Lakshuman help me. I am in distress. voice and said to Lakshuman in alarm, ^Rama is in dis
"

I have just heard need not be afraid," said


tress.

Rama.
*

am
stag.

sure
f

You him cry out for help." None can hurt Lakshuman. some demon has done the mischief
" "

A bow

and an arrow.

Jfta^^

Ramavijaya.
with some bad
"

31
towards
is

motive."

Is this your affection


"

your
ally

brother?"

exclaimed Sita.

While

Rama

actu

you refuse to help him. Methinks you wish your brother s death and marry me after him." At
in distress, this accusation

Lakshuman shed

tears and,

having drawn
said

a line around the parnakutika with his dhanushaban,


to her,
line.
"

am now
you

I beg
will

Look at this going to help Rama. not to go behind it, and if you go,.
;

you

So saying Lakshuman left the distress." with his dhanushaban and when he went far parnakutika off, Ravana disguised himself as a Fakir,* peeped at Sita
be in
"

through the door of the hut and cried out in a plaintive tone,
Is there

anybody

in?

am

a fakir

here

hunger. It will be a great meritorious act, comes out and gives me something to eat." was full of kindness, came out and said,

and dying of if some one


Sita,
"

who
sit

Please

down
not

there.

Rama

will be

presently here;

and
"

as soon
I
shall

as he comes, he will
live until

attend to
here.

your wants.
If

Rama comes

you now give

me

So saying he something to eat, I shall bless you.* threw himself on the ground and pretended to be worse. Sita was alarmed and left the line to give him succor,
when Ravana immediately caught hold
"

of

her

and

said,

Do not be alarmed. I am Ravana, am now going to take you to my


Sita
rolled

the king of Lanka.

kingdom-.

Quietly

follow me.
cried,

tears

and

imploring him to entreaties did not move him in


in a chariot

on the ground and violently leave her where she was. Her
the least.

He
Sita

seated her
all

and

set

out
of

for

Lanka.

the time

cried

aloud the name

Rama, which Ja"

tayu heard and went to her rescuse.


"

Ravana,
at
liberty;
"

said

Jatayu,

command you
shall

to set

Sita

and
to

ifr

you disobey me, I


art
thou,"

instantly
"

kill

you."

Whoda

replied
ascetic.

Ravana.

What

thon

hast

An

32
with this
ness."

Ramavijaya.
lady ?

Thou

fool.

him.

Jatayu insisted and The bird cut off with

Go and mind thy busi Ravana let off arrows at


his
bill

all

the arrows of

the demon-king,
killed
his

broke the head of his charioteer and

horses.

Ravana

alighted,
off his hair.

when the

bird

pounced upon him and pulled

He was

alarmed

and stood there bewildered, not knowing what to do. Th@ bird broke his chariot, when the demon-king said, Speak the truth. Just tell me how you will die. I shall also tell you how I shall Jatayu, who was a
"

die."

"

simpleton, replied
"

If

you pull
me,

off

instantly."

Now
"

just tell

my wings, I shall die continued Jatayu, how


"

you
4<

will

die."

If

you break
time."

my

toes,"

said

Ravana,

As soon as this secret was disclosed by Jatayu, Ravana went to catch him. The bird broke one of the toes of his enemy, when the latter
I shall die in

no

pulled off his wings. Jatayu, saturated with blood, fell there rolling; and the demon-king, taking Sita on his
shoulders, proceeded towards

Lanka.

When

he

reached

the

hills, called

Matang,

five

powerful monkeys, Sugriva,

Nala, Nila, Jambuvant and Maruti, who lived there, found the ornaments thrown by Sita on the ground. Looking
at the ornaments Maruti said,

some wicked demon "Pity, must have been carrying off a poor woman. I shall kill the demon and rescue her. So saying he jumped in the
5

sky but,
his prize

in the meantime, Ravana entered Lanka with and despatched eighteen huge demons to search

and
me.

kill

Rama.

few days
Sita,

after
"

his return

to

Lanka

the demon-king said to


I

beseech

you to marry

slaves.

me
you

very powerful and have made all the gods my is not a single soul on eari.h who can equal in wealth, strength and valour. If you be my wife,

am

There

will

be very
Sita.

happy."

"Thou

art

wicked and a
I
shall
fool.

villain,"

"

replied

Thou

wilt

soon

die.

never be
*

thy wife.

loathe

thee.

Begone, thou

Hav-

Ramavijs&ya.
ing heard these words
"

33
said

of Sita,

Ravana

himself,

excited; and unless she becomes calm, very I shall not be able to win her heart." So saying to him

Sita

is

much

self

crores of
to

he placed her in the Asoka forest and posted five demonesses with his sister,. Trijata, at their head

make her marry him


showed
if

watch her there with instructions to frighten her and at any rate. The demonesses often
their teeth

and opened their hideous

mouths as

they were going to devour her, but Sita was calm and did not heed them. Trijata, who was kind, encouraged

her and told her not to frighten herself. Lakshuman joined Rama in the forest and informed

him

of

what had passed between Sita and himself.


pacified him.

Lak

shuman wept and Rama


;

They then return ed to panchawati and finding that Sita was not in the parnakutika, they were alarmed and went in search of her. They could not find her. They then went to the Rishi, Agasti, who informed them that Sita was carried off by Ravana. They returned to their abode and saw the footprints of the demon and Sita. They
immediately set out in search of Sita in the forest. On the road they met Jatayu, who informed them of

what had happened. my strength and courage


"

I,"

said Jatayu,
to

mustered up

all

rescue her from the wicked

demon, but as soon as he cunningly knew my secret, he pulled off my wings and left me here in a dying state." So saying Jatayu breathed his last. Rama grieved for him and performed the funeral ceremony of his death .
their journey. On the road the wife of took the and stood form of Sita Farwati, Siva, before him; but he did not receive her, as he knew that

The princes proceeded on

Parwati. A little further on, a huge demon r Kaband, stretching his arms for some eighteen yojans* and with his head separated from his trunk, sat
she was
called
*

yojau measures nine miles.

34
in the forest.

Ramavijaya.

cut

off

his

Rama having found that he was a demon, arms and killed the monster on the spot.
the son of

Kaband was

Kashapa, a

Rishi.

One day he

got drunk and frightened another Rishi, Stulashira, who cursed him, saying that he would be a demon but that he

would be released from the curse when


him.

Rama

would

kill

was killed by Rama, he assumed He said that his original form and stood before him. his head was separated by Indra from his body with his

As soon

as he

vajra*, as he was performing a severe him to take the kingdom of the god.
killed the eighteen

penance to enable On the road Rama

came
tree.

to the

demons whom Ravana had sent, and Pampa sarovar^ where Rama and and Lakof
five

shuman sat down for rest under the shade From the hills, called Rishimukha, the
saw them.
Vali,

a banian

monkeys

my

** I think, Sugriva was afraid and said, brother, has sent those two warriors to kill me.*

So saying he was
afraid.

will

when Maruti ascertain who those


to flee,

"

said,

Do

not be

warriors are.

So

saying Maruti jumped upon the tree and, having plucked off the branches of it, threw them at Rama, who cut them
off

with his dhanushabans. Maruti then threw large stones

and mountains at him but he broke them in a minute, and hurted the monkey in tho air. His father, the wind, supported him, while he was falling down, and bade him He came down and, having thrown him worship Rama.
self

at the

feet of the prince,

implored his pardon, which

was readily granted by him. He became a great devotee of Rama and one day while he was shampooing the feet of
;

I shall be very glad to intro the prince he said to him, duce you to Sugriva, brother of the king of this place, if
"

you promise me that you

will protect

him."

"Just

tell

me
:

who

that Sugriva

is,"

related the story of


*

Whereupon Maruti replied the life of Sugriva, which is as follows

Rama.

weapon.

river called

Pampa.

Ramavijaya.
"

35

Bramhadev was performing a pen on his hand and it bore a He was a monkey. While he called Raksharaj. king, was going from forest to forest, he came to a river in Ka-

One day

while

ance, a drop of his

tears fell

yalasa, the

kingdom
after,

of Siva.

He

bathed in the river

but
It

immediately

he became a very beautiful female.

was appointed by Parwati, wife of Siva, that any man, who would bathe in the river, would be a female. Indra

and the sim were enamoured of the woman. By Indra she got Vali, and Sugriva by the sun. Having heard
that Kaksharaj
river,

became a female, Brahmadev came


to

to the

and prayed

Parwati to restore his son to his


prayer and made The god then created a country

former form.

Parwati listened to his


again.

Raksharaj a
called

man

Kiskinda and gave it to him. Raksharaj ruled in the country for some time and, having placed his eldest Vali and son, Vali, on the throne, proceeded to heaven.
Sugriva lived together and loved
very

each other.

Vali was

powerful and invincible, as he was presented by Indra with Vigayamala* After some time both the bro
thers

became mortal enemies, and Vali carried off his For fear of his brother, Sugriva beautiful wife, Ramma. the hills called Rishimukha Parvat. on abode made his
six
months."

They both fought together every


bade Maruti
tell

Rama
Su

Sugriva that he would kill Vali and re


him.

store his wife to

Maruti immediately went to


"

griva and said


so also

to him,

You

are in grief for your wife,

Rama

for his wife, Sita.

Rama

help you help

in recovering your wife

and you
Sita."

has promised to will have to

him
of

also in recovering his wife,

glad at

what Maruti had told him and

set out

Sugriva was with his

army
*

monkeys

to see

Rama.
and

On his
told

arrival the prince


all

cordially received Sugriva

him

about Sita.
al

garland which,

if

put round the neck of a warrior,

ways gives him success in a war,

36

Ramavijaya.

Sugriva said that yesterday he heard screams of a

woman

and showed the ornaments found by the monkeys to Ra ma. The prince identified the ornaments as belonging
to his wife

and shed

tears,

when Sugriva

"

said,

Do

not

be afraid.

I shall help you with

my

able ministers,

Nala

Nila and Jambuvant in recovering Sita from Ravana. Let us kill Vali first and then we shall sot out in search
of
Sita."

?umed
V Vali
the

his arrow,
is

As soon as Sugriva spoke these words, Rama when the former stopped him and said,
his
of

last gap.

mortal enemy and will fight with us to Whereupon Rama asked him the cause Dudhumbi, son of enmity with his brother.

my

"

the

was very power demon, Maishasur," continued Sugriva, the people on and the in and heaven ful, oppressed gods
"

earth.

Nobody could

fight

with him.

At

last

the de

mon went to Yama and challenged him to Yama said, I cannot fight with you. him.
fore, tell

fight
I,

with
there

you

to

with you to your satisfaction.*

go to Vali at Kiskinda and he will fight The demon immediately

came

to

Kiskinda and challenged Vali to fight with him,

when

the latter killed the former


fell

and hurled
killed

his

body in

the air which

on the

hills called

Rishimukha Parwat.
by the weight of
Vali,

All the Rishis on the hills were the


corpse,

when a Rishi
if

called

Matang cursed
hills,

saying that
stantly die.

the

latter

touched the
of

he would in
to

Mayasur, son
father

Dudhumbi, came
fled to

the death of his


cave,

but he

patal

avenge through a

when Vali gave him blows. Vali pursued him, having posted me at the mouth of it. For many months
he did not return, though I was at the cave all the time watching it. During this time demi-gods entered Kis

kinda and sought to take possession of it. I, therefore, placed a mountain at the mouth of the cave and drove
all

to

the demi-gods from the kingdom. Vali did not return Kiskinda for twenty months, and from this fact all

Bamavijaya.
concluded that he was no more.
of

37
the people

Whereupon

Kiskinda proclaimed me as their king against my In the meantime, Vali returned to the cave wishes.
of

with the head of Mayasur and, having seen the mouth He alarmed on account of me. it blocked up, he was

immediately reiroved the mountain and directly came to As soon as he saw me on the throne, he, Kiskinda.
boiled with rage, said,
*

cave with a

view to

kill

You blocked up the mouth -of the me and take my kingdom. So


with the
1

saying he
Nila,

attacked

me

but

assistance of

Nala,

Jambuvant and Maruti


hills,

de on these
of the
bi to

escaped and made my abo because he would not come here for fear

curse."

Sugriva then showed the body of


flung
it

Dudhum"Now

Rama, who
thing,"

at a distance with his toe.


t%

do one

said

Rama,

Just go and challenge Vali


to

to fight with

you."

Sugriva accordingly went


to fight with him,

Kiskinda
said to

and challenged him


her husband,
"

when Tara

I implore

you not

to

He

now come
battle

comes to fight with you every six to combat with you three

meet Sugriva today. months but he has


clays

after

the

you have fought with him. I think, Kama and Lakslminan have promised to help him. I, therefore,
pray that you will not go to fight "That will not do/ replied Yali,
with Sugriva
I
today."
"

must

fight vyith

him

and cut

off his head.


you."

If I

am

killed in the fight,

Angada
Tara,

will protect

So saying Vali went and attacked Su


killed the former with one arrow.

griva,

when Rama

his wife, violently cried for her husband,

when Rama con

soled

her and advised

she hesitated; but soon after,

her to marry Sugriva. she married him.


all

At

first

Sugriva
to

began

to rule

and forgot

about

Rama

in

his luxury.

Rama
griva,
left

sent
"

Lakshuman
is

to Kiskinda.

Marati said

Su

It

a bad thing that


in the forest.

you have forgot


care he

Rama and
us
all
r>

him alone

There stands Lakshuman at

the

door of your palace.

Take

will kill

38

Rainavijaya.

Sugriva was alarmed and, having thrown himself at his


feet with his wives

and other monkeys, implored the par

Rama. He then came with all his monkeys to Rama to help him in recovering his wife, Sita. Rama put his ring on one of the fingers of Maruti as a mark from
don
of

him.
their

All the monkeys set out in search of Sita. On way they came across a forest and could not proceed

further, as they

were

bewildered there.

This

forest

was

cursed by a Rishi, called Dandaka, saying that those whoentered it would remain there bewildered. The Rishi cursed the forest, because his infant son, was devoured The infant son became a by the goddess of the forest.

demon and devoured


into the forest.

all

the persons

and creatures that went

Angada, son of Vali, killed the demon; and as soon as he. was killed, he was restored to his for

mer form. All the monkeys escaped unhurt, as they wererepeating the name of Rama all the time in the forest. They left the forest and, having searched Sita at several The places in vain, at last came to a very large cave. monkeys entered
focation. Maruti lifted

the cave but they all fainted owing to suf them up with his tail and came out of

the cave to a place where there was a beautiful garden. All the monkeys climbed up the trees in the garden, laden

with

fruits,

mare,

called

but they could not get a single fruit to eat. Suprabha, came where the monkeys were
"

Maruti asked her who had created the garden r standing. Brahmadev was pleased with when the mare replied, a and, Mayasur, demon, having created the cave for him,,
said,
I

have created
it

this cave for you.

be always in
ces;

and not

to leave

it

I require you tounder any circumstan

if you coine out of the cave, you will instantly While in the cave the demon always prayed to Vishnu for the protection of the demons on earth. Indra

and

die/

was alarmed and implored Bramhadev to get the demon oat of the cave. To get him out of the care the god

Ramavijaya.
created a very beautiful damsel called

39
Hema and
sent her

and was captivated with her charms. Finding that the demon was very much taken with her, she came out of the cave, and he followed her, forgetting what Bramhadev had told him.
the cave.
at her

The demon looked

As

soon as he came out oT the cave, he instantly died.

After the death of the demon, Hema was in the possession of the cave and garden, and soon left for the kingdom of Yishnu, placing me Here in this form to watch it. Hema
told

me

that

when monkeys would come

into this

garden,

I would

be restored to

my

former

form."

Maruti said

to her,
"we

"

We

have eaten
leave this

fruits to

our hearts content and


as
possible.

must now

place

as soon

We

cannot see the way to the cave through which we have come here. Will you, therefore, be kind enough to show
it

to us

?"

Whereupon Suprabha
and

told all

the

monkeys

io shut their eyes;

they were all on a seashore. She was restored to her former form and, visiting Rama, went to her husband.
in a second

go

to

The monkeys were very anxious to cross the^sea and Lanka, but they were unable to do so. However,
repeating
the

"Maruti,

name

of

Kama,

crossed

the sea;

but on the way he met with several accidents. The gods sent a huge woman to devour him. She opened her

mouth and stood in mouth and proceeded


said to him,
to take rest
"

He passed through her In the meantime, the sea sent a mountain to block up his The mountain way.
his

way.

further.

Good

creature
?"

Why

are

you not going


Maruti got
little

on

my

bosom

At

these words

enraged and pressed down the mountain.


on, a
frightful

further

demoness, IShihika, who was mother of Rahu and Ketu, swallowed him up; but he tore off her At last he arrived at upper Lanka, belly and came out.

when the goddess of the and knocked him down.

place

caught

hold of his legs

He

got up and gave her mortal

40
blows,

Ramavijaya.
when she implored him
to

spare

her

life.

He

having granted her request, she blessed him, saying that he would be successful in his undertaking. He then came
to lower
sister of

Lanka,

called Pudalanka.

Krocha, the youngest

Havana, whose husband,

Indra, lived there.


arrival there, she

As

soon as

Gargar, was killed by she was informed of his


de-?

went with a number of demons and

monesses to catch him, when he became a small and beau tiful animal. Krccha said to the demons and demoness
"

es,

This
it
"

is

a very

have
ine."

for

my
me

breakfast,

good and pretty animal. Let me Just kill it and cook it for
"

My

body,
to

replied

he,

is full

of water,

and

if

you

order

be

cooked for

your

breakfast,
to

you

will get

up, so

nothing. I, therefore, tell you that you may have a delicious

swallow

me

taste."

Krocha

accordingly swallowed up Maruti, who entered her heart and pulled off her flesh. The demoness tossed about with

Her companions gave her medicine mixed with of a hog, but the monkey was so disgusted with the dirt that he let out his tail through her nose and believed that All the demons and demonesses eats. it tail to the was a disease, and began out, when pull
pain.

the clung

Maruti, having torn off her belly, came out and threw all the demons and demonesses into the sea. From lower

Lanka

he went again to upper Lanka; and at sunset he entered Nikumbala, a county in Lankn, where Indrajit the eldest son of Ravana, lived with his family. He went
into the palace of

the

dea-on- prince and

saw him with


in love

his beautiful wife, Sulochana, there.


"

Maruti said to him


fallen

self,

No

doubt

this is Sita,

and she has


in the

with this wicked demon.

So saying

to himself

he was

about to

kill

both of
"

to her husband,

meantime, she said Just think for a moment. Is it not a

them but

bad thing
If she
is

i,hat your father has unjustly brought Sita here? not restored to her husband, a great calamity

Bamavijaya.
will befall
him."

41
conversation,
Sita,

Having heard

this

Ma-

ruti

was convinced that she was not

and went to

the palace of Vibhishari, the youngest brother of Ravana, where he was much pleased, because the demon was the

devotee of
also

Rama, and

every

thing

there

was clean

He

saw there an

idol of

Kama, which Vibhishari worship

ped every day. Thence he went to the palace of Kumbhakarna, where he was in deep sleep snorting all the time* Maruti was disgusted with the sight of the heaps of bones

and the
around

flesh

of

human

his palace.

When

beings and animals scattered he failed to find Sita there and

at other places, he
ble form, he of

Lanka

in

was enraged; and, assuming an invisi began to vroublo the demons and demonesses When they carried water in, various ways.

their pots, he broke

them with

his

tail.

He

dashed to

pieces the chariots of the princes who happened to drive One day a barber began to shave the ID the streets.

beard of Ravana,
invisible

when Maruti stood behind him


tail

in an,

form and thrust his

into

the

hose of the

former.

The barber was

startled;

and

in confusion

ha

shaved the

mustaches of Ravana.
in the face,

and slapped the barber

Ravana got angry when the monkey also


while
their families
all

gave a slap to the demon-king.


houses of the demons with
his

Maruti pulled down the


tail,

were asleep.
the lamps in

One day

in a

minute he

extinguished

were in
said to

Lanka, and consequently all of a sudden, The inhabitants of Lanka confusion and alarm.
"

themselves,
created
the

Sita,

whom Ravana
to

has

brought
us."

here, has

annoy and trouble Maruti then entered the palace of Ravana, where he and
devil
wife, Mandodari^ were fast asleep. Mandodarij Maruti thought that she was

his

On
Sita

beholding
arid that

demon-king. He got much en raged, and wa? about to carry them where Rama was stay But, in the meantime, Mandodari ing with Lakshuoian.
she
fell in

love

with the

42
was awakened
in

Kamavijaya.
"

alarm and said to her husband, I have dreamt a dream which indicates thai* Indragit and you willbe killed, that the Asoka forest will be destroyed, and
that.

Lanka

will

be

burnt,

because you have unjustly


implore you to restore not be afraid of it in

brought Sita here.


her to her

I, therefore,
"

husband."

You need
"

the least/ replied Ravana. I have posted five crores of the demons and demonesses to watch the Asoka forest

and they
forest."

will
So-

not allow

Rarria to

kill

saying Havana despatched


invisible
of

us and destroy the his servant to

the

Asoka

forest to see

whether Sita was there.


form.

Maruti

accompanied the servant in an Sita sitting under the shade


forest.

He

saw

tree.

The servant

returned to Ravana and Maruti remained in the Asoka

Sita,

and threw

on

his

The monkey was exceedingly glad whsn he found before her the ring which Rama had put She looked at the ring and asked it with, finger.
"

tears in her eyes,

Ring

Where have you come from


?"

?.

How

is

my Rama

Is he safe

While Sita was thua


listen

asking the ring, the demonesses came there and told her
to keep quiet, saying that
if

she did not

to them,

they would devour her, when Maruti,, with his tail, tied up all of them together and flung them down.. Some of

them died and some fled. He then began to sing, which was so pleasing to her ears that she was very anxious to see who that creature was. She called the crea
several times but nobody responded to her call. She was disappointed, and prepared herself to commit sui She cide, when the monkey came and stood before her.

ture

Who are you ? What is your name and asked him, where have you come from I am a servant of Rama,, and have come here in search of you," replied Maruti.
" "

?"

"

Your Rama
will

is

well

and has come to Kiskinda

for you*

He

shortly take you from this place. be afraid of me. I am not a demon. I

You need not am son of the

Ramavijaya.
wind, and my continued Sita,

43
"

name
Se

is Maruti."

Besides that

ring,"

ma
ted

have you got any other proof from Ra that you are his servant Whereupon he recapitula
?"

all

the calamaties that had

befallen

her;

and she was

thereby convinced that he was her husband s servant. I should have annihilated Lanka in a moment and
"

but Rarna did taken you to Kigkinda," said Maruti, am Will you, I not order me to do so. very hungry. in the rue to take fruits the trees allow from therefore,
"

forest for

my

breakfast
fruits

"

?"

It
this

is

not

in

my
1

power to
Sita,

allow you to take


"

from

place,"

replied

and

if

you

forcibly take them, the


tell

demons and demones

I however ses will kill you. breakfast the fruits that have

fallen

you to gather for your on the ground and


your hands

not to
feet/

take
rf

them from the


that I

trees witlr

and
from

I swear

shall not take


feet,"

any

fruits
"

the trees with

my

hands and

said
on-

Maruti,
the

I shall

take the fruits which have

fallen

Around."

So

it;

saying he lengthened his tail and plucked all fruits with and after a few minutes he destroyed the whole of the
forest.

Asoka

The

sixty crores of the

deuron-s,

who were

watching the

forest, at

once

ca-me

u-pon him; but he tied

them up with his tail and flung them down. Some died and some fled. Hearing this news Ravana sent eight thou sand demons to catcli the monkey but the latter tied them up with his tail and killed them all. Ray-ana was
greatly enraged, and.

sent

one lac of warriors

whom

the

monkey threw into the sea with? his tail. The demon-king then sent his son, Akshaya, with a large army; but he
was also killed with his other sons. Immediately after, he despatched a frightful demoness, called Asali, who had the strength of ten thousand elephants. She opened
devoured, the

her hideous mouth one yojan in length and breadth and monkey, but the latter tore her belly off

and came

out.

At

last

Ravana

seat

his son,

Indrajit,,

44T
with a large

Ramavijaya.
army
of

demons.
broke

He
off

let off his

arrows at
in

Maruti, which the


time.

latter

with his

hands

no

The monkey pulled off his rnngut with his tail He took up an broke his chariot and killed his horse. iron bar and went killing the demons with it, when Indraattempted to catch him in a snare but the monkey be as small as an atom and escaped through it every time the. prince put it upon him. Whereupon Indrajit
jit

came

made; a snare with a small noose and put it upon him, when he assumed a large form and broke the snare.

When
lie

.the

prince

failed

in

catching

him

in the

snare,

monkey, but the latter flung him do.wn on the ground. The Prince was alarmed and said to himself that if he was seized by the
.

combated with the

monkey and

carried to

Rama, he would

be cruelly treated.

So saying, he hid himself in a cave, when Maruti blocked up the:mouth of it with a mountain. Indrajit cried and
Havana, having been acquainted with this news You see, Indrajit is in imploringly. said to Bramhadev,
wept.
"

difficulty.

.If

you personally go
I,

there,

you

will be able to

insnare

the

monkey.

therefore,

Work
cfive,

forme."

when; Indrajit
"

Whereupon hung his. head down with shame and


I

beseech you to do the Bramhadev went near the

said,

Unless you catch hold of the monkey,


out of the cave,
,

can not

venture to come

Whereupon Bramha-

dev put upon Maruti the Brarhha pasa* which, the latter could have broken in a minute, but he allowed himself to be caught in it and carried to the court of Havana.

who had caught

went and vainly told his father that it was he the monkey. Maruti made a coil of hi3 tail than the throne of Havana and sat upon it. The higher Who: are you and what demon-king; indignantly, asked,
Indrajit
"

.ig

the

name

of

your master
.

"

.?"

You
.

are,"

replied Maruti,
?.

rogue,.
*

Do. y.p;u Jnxow,

,wh,o I.am.

am

a ser-

complicated snare.

Ramavijaya.
vant
of that prince who cut off the
villain.

45
life

had saved your


nose of your
off his

at the court of

Janak and
great sent by

sister.

Yon
is

are a
I

You

have carried

wife, Sita.

am

my
will

master to ascertain whether she


shortly invade

here.

My

master

Lanka and,

ten faces, will

return

to

Ayodya

cutting off your with Sita/ At these

words Havana was greatly insulted and ordered the de mons to cut off the tongue, nose, ears and tail of the

monkey. In obedience to the order of the king all the demons brought weapons of various sorts and began to be done to him, pierce him with them but nothing could Havana was alarmed as his body was made of vajara*

and did not know what


replied Maruti,
"

to

do.

At
die.

last
"

he asked the

monkey by what means he would


but
if

am

immortal,"

you cover
it,

my

tail

with

cloth so

aked
r

in oil

and

set fire to

I shall be

immediately
tail

burnt

to death.

Do

not leave

and

Where me." if you do so, upon Havana ordered his servants to cover his tail with All the demons accordingly brought innumerable cloth. cloth soaked in oil and began to cover the tail of heaps
monkey with them, but
the more they covered the

any part of my nothing can be done to

uncovered,

of the

tail with them, the more he lengthened it; and consequently a part of it remained uncovered. All the cloth in Lanka was

finished

and

oil

exhausted.

At

last

Havana ordered

his of

servants to go to the

Asoka

forest

Sita, when Maruti shortened his The demons then began be entirely covered.

and get the dress tail and allowed it


Maruti
will
"

to

to set fire
said, If

to the tail but they

failed to
fire

light

it.

Havana
and

will

blow the
be

himself,

it

catch

my

tail;

immediately burnt to death." Havana accordingly blew the fire and the tail of the monkey was Whilst he was blowing the fire, it caught his lighted.
I shall

beard; and his mustaches on one side were entirely


*

burnt.

diamond.

46
He covered

Ramavijaya,
bis face with his handkerchief

and

retired to hiS

chamber. Maruti rolled on the ground and burnt the beards and mustaches of the demons and the hairs of the demon
esses with his tail in flames.

He

burnt

many

of

them

to

death, and in a short time one-third part of Lanka was on fire. After burning Lanka the monkey went to the

Asoka

forest

and assured Sita that her husband would

Thence he returned to Rama at the take her very soon. her ornament as a mark from her with Sarovar Tampa

and a
the

letter from Bramhadev to the prince stating what monkey had done in Lanka and that one-third of the

Rama and Lakcountry burnt by him had become gold. shuman were very glad to read the contents of the letter
and expressed their thanks to Maruti for the trouble he had taken for them. The story of how Lanka had become
.gold
is
*

as follows:

Two Brahmans, who were


1

brothers, always quarrel

dakshana * they had got from their patrons. Their father became Indignant at their conduct and cursed
led about the

them, saying

-that

they would be animals, but that the

One god, Krishna, would release them from the curse. brother was /transformed into a nakra^ and another into The nakra lived in water and th^ a gajandra.\.
One day the gajandra accident gajr.ndra on a mountain. ally came to the laite in which the nakra lived; and whilst
drinking the water, the latter dragged the former in the The severe fighting took place between them. lake.

nakra severely wounded the gajandra and was about to kill him, when the latter prayed to Krishna for help.

The god,

listening to his prayer,

.rode -that

on
his

Garuda^ and
devotee,

hastened to the lake.


gajandra, was
crocodile
*

Finding

the

and

wounded by the nakra, Krishna killed the him and the elephant from released
hard cash,
f

,A present in

crocodile.

An

elephant.
rode.

An

eagle called

Garuda on which Krishna always

Ramavijaya.
the
curse.

47
from.

After

releasing

them

the

curse

Krishna prepared himself to return to Dwarka, whenGaruda said to him, I am very hungry.- Please, there
fore,

give

me

something

to eat.

I shall

postpone

my

departure for an hour or so, replied Krishna, and in? the meantime, you can eat the corpses of the nakra and
gajandra. Whereupon Garuda went and picked up thecorpses with his bill and sat on a tree called Jarnbuvrak1

But the branch of sha for the purpose of eating them. the tree on which he had sat, was broken by his weight, when he observed tha,t millions of .Rishis sat in meditation
on the leaves of the branch. In order that the branch

might not fall on the ground and kill the Rishis, he firmly held the branch by his bill; and not knowing where to
1

keep it, he went to his father, Kasyapa, a Rishi, and informed him of his difficulty.. Whereupon Kasyapa
requested the Rishis to come down, and they complied with his request. He then told Garuda to leave the branch

on a mountain at Lanka.

Garuda accordingly did

it

and

went away. The branch remained on the mountain and was converted into gold; and when Maruti burnt Lanka,it was melted by the heat of the fire and the liquid over
flowed the part of

for

Lanka which was burnt by the monkey." after, Rama and Lakshuman made preparations march against Ravana; and on the day of Dasara*
Soon

they set out with eighteen padmas^ of monkeys, seventy*


"

This festival

is

held on the 10th of Aswin Shud.


this day, in

It is

called

Durga Puja.

On

commemoration

of the victo

ry of Devi, the wife of Siva, over the buffalo-headed demon, Maheshasur, her image, after having been worshipped for nine days
is

thown into the water.

On

this

day Marathas and Kshatryas

or those

consider themselves of the military race, worship the implements of war and ask protection of them throughout

who

the year, under a

conception that to
j-

the propitiousness of the

sword they owe every prosperity, one padma.

Ten

billions are equal to

48
two kotis*

Ramavijaya,
of warriors

under the command


fifty-six

of ar* old

mon

key, Jambuvant,

and

kotis of other

monkeys.

they arrived at the sea which Maruti had first cros sed, they were encamped there, there being no way to pro ceed farther. news having This spread through
out

When

Lanka, Vibhishan, the youngest brother of the de mon-king, entreated him to restore Sita to her husband,, and set all the gods at liberty. He said, If you do not listen to me, the whole of Lanka will be annihilated and
"

all

the

demons
"

destroyed."

Ravan and
all

his

son, Indrajit,

all

Rama and monkeys come upon us, we shall kill them all in a second." Having failed to persuade the demon -king to restore Sita to Rama, Vibhishan, accompanied by four de mons, came where the monkeys had been encamped and
replied,

We

do not care at

about

it.

Let

the

sought to
kill

visit

the demons,

ost brother of

The monkeys were about to prince. when Vibhishan said, I arn the youugRavana and have come here to see Rama.
the
"

1 hear that
griva.

he killed Vali and gave his kingdom to Su-

In like

manner, I want him to

kill

Ravana and

He is wicked, and has oppressed give his Lanka to me. both the gods and Brahmans." The monkeys looked up on him with suspicion and did not believe at first what he
had
said.

But Maruti

"

said,

Vibhishan

is

not a wicked

demon.

He

is

a devotee of

to see him. Sugriva went and brought him to Rama. The demon fell at the feet of the prince, when the latter blessed the former saying that he would be the king of Lanka and would reign

with some good object." monkeys to allow Vibhishan

Rama, and has come here Whereupon Rama desired the

and him what he should do to


there as long as the sun

the

moon

last.

Rama asked
with his
"

cross the sea

large-

army
sea,
*

monkeys, when Vibhishan replied, Pray to the and he may make way for you and your army.
of

One

koti

is

equal to ten millions.

Kamavijaya.

49

Rama
ka.

went to pray to the sea and Vibhishan left for Lan Ravana was informed by a demon called Shardula, that a large army of monkeys under the command of Sugriva had been encamped near the shore of the sea and that they would invade Lanka in a day or two. Where-* upon a demon called Shuka came to Sugriva on behalf of Ravana and said to him, Rama is a wicked man, and why do you help him ? What have you to do with Sita ?
"

to me,

If you do not listen Quietly return home with your army. the heads of all your monkeys will be cut off and
;

Rama, Lakshuman and you will be killed." The monkeys were enraged at what the demon had said and beat him severely, when Lakshuman interfered and let him go. The demon again said, You are all stupid donkeys and
"

will

be

shortly
"

sacrificed

here."

Rashabha, a monkey,
Sita to

replied,
if

Just

tell

Ravana
so, his

to restore

Rama; and
off

he refuses to do
"

neck

will

be cut

with his
"

Hold your tongue/ said Shuka, Sita will never be restored to Rama. I again tell you to leave the prince alone here; and if you do not listen to me, your days are numbered." The monkeys again caught him by his neck and, having belabored him; bound him
ten
heads."

with a cord.

Rama

a morsel of food; but the

prayed to the sea for three days without eating sea was so impertinent that he

did not listen to his prayer,

when the
to dry

prince got indignant


sea.

and aimed

his

dhanushaban
"

up the

The sea

Kindly forgive me and do not * I am me up. dry ready to do what you bid me do. but what shall I do with Very well," replied Rama, this dhanushaban ? It must be at any rate let off accord was alarmed and
said,
" "

ing to rny solemn resolution which cannot be changed under There lives in the west a demon" any circumstances."
"

called

Maru, continued the


in

sea.

"

He

devours

all

crea

tures

the

water.

Please,

therefore, let off

the arrow

50

Kamavijaya.

at him and ent off his head." Baroa accordingly dischar ged the arrow at him and cut off his head. When the head fell on the ground, it drank off a sheet of the sea-

water in the west and thereby a tract of land, which is called Marwad,. was formed. The sea regarded Rama as his son-in-law and presented him with a dress aad

now

ornaments, whieh he accepted at the request of the mon keys; and when he wore them, he looked very beautiful.

Kama

asked the sea what means-

he-

should adopt to
said,
it

cross

the water with so

many monkeys, when he


roe.

You
by Nala

can have a shetu* built over

Let

be built

young, he always worshipped shaligrams^ and threw them into the sea-water. Rishi was pleased with him and blessed

with stones and mountains, which will float on the surfaceof the water only by his hands. When Nala was

saying that by his hands,, stones and mountain* would float on the water, So saying to Rama,, the sea

him,

disappeared.
said to him,

you

of

after,. Rama called Nala and To cross the sea, a shetu must be built by stones and mountains, which will float on the water

Immediately

"

by your liands only.

I, therefore,

the monkeys, to procure

them by your hands in with pride and said to himself that the shetu could not
be built without him.

beg you to order all and mountains and lay the water. Nala was puffed up
stones

keys

to get stones

So saying Nala ordered the mon and mountains which the latter brought
former.

and gave
built
it

in charge of the

Nala
ate

built
it.

a portion

of the shetu, but the fishes in

the sea
it.

He
at

again
loss to

but the fishes again


to do.

ate

He was
"

Pride goeth thought that the bridge could not be built without you. What do you say now ? Leave
before destruction.

know what

when Maruti

said to him,

You

off

your pride and be humble.


*

Now

write

the

name

of

black stone found in the river, bridge f Gadanki, and worshipped as sacred to Vishnu.

or pool,

Pag-eSO

Ramavijaya.

51
the water;

Rama
do
time.

on each stone

aiid

lay

it

in

and

if

you

this,

it as directed by Maruti; and the shetu one hundred yojans in length and breadth so After the shetu was far as Suvela without any difficulty.

you Nala did

will be able to build the

shetu within

a short

was

built

completed,

Rama
set

crossed

it

with his

army and came

to

encamped his army, Shuka at liberty, who went to Ravana and informed him of what had happened to him and how they

Suvela, where he

Kama

had

built

the

shetu.

He

requested
**

the
to

demon-king to
him.

submit to the prince and

restore Sita

Ravana

got very indignant and said, If you advise they beat you. Soon after, Ravana sent two at once cut off your head." and to Suvela to ascertain the posi Shuka demons, Surna,
tion of the
of
to

You are alarmed, because me that way again, I shall

army of Rama. The two demons in the forms monkeys mixed themselves with the monkeys belonging Vibhishan informed Raina the army of the prince.
demons had come
to

that the

Suvela in the forms of

mon

keys to ascertain the position of his army. Whereupon Rama ordered the monkeys to allow the demons to count their

numbers.
the

The two demons were accordingly taken round


army.
They,

whole

having
will be

seen
"

it,

returned

to

Lanka and
army
of

said to the demon-king,


it

Rama

has got a large


for

monkeys, and
it.

very

difficult

you

to defeat

We,

therefore,

implore

Rama and

restore Sita to

him."

you Ravana was enraged and

to

submit to

off their heads, if they He then, accompanied by the two advised him that way. demons, went to the top of his tower to see the army of Rama. Vibhishan came and informed the prince that the

threatened them that he would cut

demon-king had gone army, arid while he was


and returned

to his tower

to have a

look at his

there, Sugriva

jumped from Suvela,

which was at a distance of hundreds of miles from Lanka, The to his camp with the mug at of Ravan.

52

Ramavijaya.
-

rstairs.

-demon-king was alarmed, and immediately came downA few days after, he said to his
courtiers,
"I

nave now no patience.


sible.

must marry

Sita as soon as pos

If

any of you make her love


grateful to
him."

me and marry me,

shall be ever

Whereupon

his minister,
re

cVidynjiva,
plied,
jbff

who was

well versed in

magic and sorcery,

u I shall create, by means of sorcery, a head well eut and similar to that of Rama and also a dhanushaban
to Sita, so that she
killed.

and show them


,her
it,

may
she

be convinced that
is

husband has been

If

convinced of

she will become hopeless and easily love you and marry am very much thankful to you for your excel you/
"I

lent

scheme,"

replied
it,"

Havana.

"

There

is

no doubt you

will succeed in

of

Rama

Vidynjiva accordingly created the head and hig dhanushaban. Havana then came to the

Asoka
$hat

forest

and said

to

<

Sita,

am

very sorry to
is

inform you that your darling


his

husband
has
all

killed

and

brother,

Lakshuman,
are

flecj

to

Ayodya,

Maruti, Sugriva, Nala, Nila,


are also
killed.

Angada and
alone here,
I,

other warriors

You
You

what can you do


beseech you and Mandodari
is

now
to

You

are

helpless.
shall

therefore,
first
!

marry me.

be

my

wife

will be

your maid-servant.
If

Alas

Sita,

Rama

no more,

Believe me.
tjhe

you want any proof

of

what I

say, here 13

head of your.

Rama

cut off

his dhanushaban."

As soon

as Sita beheld

by a demon, and here is the head of

Rama and
said
fcp

his dhanushaban, she fainted. In her gritf she I look upon you as my father Ravana. im
"

an>!

plore

you

to order a pile of
it

wood to be arranged,
in
it.

so ttiat I

may
live

set fire to

and burn myself


world."

I do not wish to as he heard these

any

longer in this

As soon

words, he returned to his court, leaving Sita alone there. Jn the mean-time, Sharma, wife of Vibhishan, came to
the
weti

Asoka
ancj.

forest

and informed her that

that the head4

Rama was doing which was shown to her, was

Hamavijaya.
ated by the demons by means of sorcery to tip her hope of Eama and marry Havana.

53
make her give

No

sooner did

Sharma inform
the

Sita of this than the created


left there,

head and dha-

nushaban which were

disappeared.
"

Soon

after,

demon-4dng
faithful wife
;

said to his wife,

my
you

and
if

love

me much.

Mandodari, you are I have a great pas


die.

sion for Sita


really

and

you do not help me, I shall

If

love me,

go

to Sita

in tho

Asoka

forest

persuade

her to marry me." Whereupon went to Sita and, having communicated her husband s wishes to her, returned home. She said to her husband,
"

and Mandodari

Dearest, Sita

is

not a

woman who
of virtue.

will

comply with your


will sacrifice

wishes.
life

She

is

paragon

She

her

rather than yield to

your beim- after her.


her to
love,"

There is no use of your passion. I, therefore, beseech you to restore


s

Rama.
replied

Why

do you covet another


"

wife

?"

"My

Havana,

What you

say

is true,

but I shall

never submit to
of all nations.

Rama and

humiliate

I shall fight with

him and

myself in the eyes die but I shall

never restore Sita to

him." Having failed to persuade her husband, she returned to her palace. Ravana again went to the top of his tower with his courtiers and began to

look at the army of

Rama.

Rama

also

went

to the top of

a
at

hill

with Sugriva and other monkeys and began to look


his courtiers.

Ravan and
army

at the

of the

prince,

and knocked down the


heads.

Whilst Ravana was looking Sugriva jumped from the hill muguts put by him on his ten

The demon-king was surprised and

combated

with the

monkey but
blows,

the latter,

having administered to
with joy.

him

severe

returned to

Rama

Ravana

was alarmed, and immediately came down with shame and confusion. After a)l preparations for the war were
to Vibhishan said completed on both the sides, Before an attack is made it is advis on Rama, Ravana, able to negotiate with him for peace. You should, there"

54
fore,

Ramavijaya.
send an

ambassador
you."

to his court

and request him to


there.

restore

Sita to

Rama

accordingly sent

the court of

Ravana but no-body noticed him


therefore,
"

Angada toThe
to

monkey
"Who

was,

irritated

and

said

the

demon-king,
asked.
*
"

Havana, do you know who I am? * are you and what is your name," Ravana indignantly
I

am

a servant

of

Rama,"

continued Angada,.

and my name is Angada. I am son of Vali. I have come here to negotiate with you for peace." a I shall never make peace with Rama," replied Ravana, I tell you once more to make peace with Rama," said Angada, and restore Sita to him. If you refuse to listen to- me, you will lo.se your life and every thing in Lanka.. He is very powerful, and you can do nothing to him." "-You
" "

arc a
"

shameless

creature,"

Ravana indignantly

replied,

You know

very well that

Rama

has killed your father

and, instead of revenging yourself upon the enemy you have now come to. help him. You are a groat donkey." Xo doubt, Rama killed my father," said Angada, but
"

"

by

his arrow he has go.ne to

ever-lasting happiness/

Ravana was

heaven where he now enjoy* furious,, and ordered

demons to bind Angada. Whereupon the demonsfirmly held him by his arms, when the monkey struck the
four

chest of

Ravana with

his

tail

and jumped from Lanka

with his muguts, chatra and mandap* and returned to Buvela. The four demons, with whom, the monkey had jumped, hung upon his shoulders with their heads down
wards, and were killed by a
fall

on the ground.

The negotiations for peace having fallen, through, kSusen marched against Lanka with twenty kotis. of mon
key-soldiers

the

command
all,

and fought with the troops of Ravana under of Dhamaraksha. Susen routed and defeated
their

them

and

commander was

killed

by Maruti

with blows. The news of the defeat having spread through-

Ramavijaya.
out Lanka,
the

55

demon-king, boiled with rage, sent the demons, called Vazra Dausti and Sukpana, with a number
of

demon-soldiers,
loss.

but

they

were also

defeated with

heavy
to do.
field
off

Ravana was alarmed and did not know what

But, in the mean-time, his son, Indrajit, kept the

with the warriors, Janbumali and

Vidyaman and

let

arrows at the army of Rama which the latter cut off and killed the two warriors. Whereupon Indrajit

immediately jumped with his chariot into the sky, where he hid himself in the clouds and let off serpent-weapons which produced innumerable at the army of Rama,
serpents.

and

all their soldiers;

These serpents stung Rama and Lakshuman and consequently they all fell life

less in the field, except

immortal.

Maruti and Vibhishan, who were having thus defeated Rama, returned The demon-king was to Lanka with a great success.
Indrajit,

rery glad at the success of his


"

son and- said to his

sister,

Look at the valor of our Indrajit. Trijata, How has he fought and how has he defeated the army of
Sister
?

Rama ? You know, nobody Now what I want you to do is


Sita

on earth can
that you should

conquer us.

and inform her


and

of

all

that

had happened.

now go to Show her


in the I

Rama, Lakshuman and


field
tell

their soldiers lying


is

lifeless

her that she

now

helpless-

and
all

am

the

only one who can support her. persuade her to marry me.
!

Tell

her

this

and

sister, I

like her

much."

Trijata accordingly showed to and the monkey soldiers lying

Sita,

Rama, Lakshuman lifeless in the field and


Sita,

told her all

that

Ravana had
Maruti

said.

having seen
cried

her beloved

Rama and Lakshuman,


and

violently

and

became

hopeless. together as to what they should do to resusitate the prin ces and their array, but before they arrived at a certain

Vibhishan

consulted

conclusion, the wind

had come and whispered to Rama a garuda mantra which produced garudas or eagles. These

S#
gaf u das killed

Eamavijaya.

all the serpents and resusitafed Lakshumari and their army. The fighting was agairi renewed by the monkeys, when Pravasta, the minister of Ravana, bravely fought with them and killed many of them. Whereupon Nala threw at the minister one lac

of

mountains which the

latter

broke in no time and

contiriued the fighting.

was

killed

battle Pravasta by Nala with a tree called Tada, a hundred yojans

But

after a hot

in length.

At

this

defeat,

Ravana was
with
"

and prepared himself


his
wife,

to

fight

greatly enraged the enemies, when

Mandodari, said to him,

My

dearest,

yoit

should n ow give up the idea of your fighting with j&ima any longer. Why do you want another s wife ? My
love, just restore her to her

husband, so that every thing


"

may end
for

in

peace

and

tranquillity."
"

My

darling,"

Havana laughingly
I

replied,
tell

you but please do not

am ready to do me to restore Sita


I
kill

any thing
to

Rama.all

am

prepared to fight with him and

him with
the

his

army."

RaVana having refused


palace.

to listen to
after,

her, she

returned to her

Immediately

demonand

king kept the


sons and a

field

with his sons, grand-sons, great grand


soldiers

commenced
tain at

number of warriors and operations, when Sugriva threw a


large

large

moun

him,
all

which the
the

latter

broke

with his arrows.

Whereupon

tains, large trees,

monkeys rushed upon him with moun rocks and other weapons but he also
Maruti then threw a very demon-king which the latter broke
arrows.

broke them with


large

his

rock

at

the

with his arrows and gave blows to the former. Maruti some time and, having soon come to himself, returned the blows to him and knocked down his mtiguts and the chatras held over his ten heads. Havana was
-fainted for

not in

the

Whereupon Nala
Nalas
like

alarmed and continued the fighting. produced by a mantra innumerable himself and employed them to throw mountains,
least

Ramavijaya.
trees
off

57
latter
let

and rocks

at the

demon-king, when the

a Bramhasra* and

made them
let of?

all

disappear

in

second.

Lakshuman then

a Bramhaskti* at Ravana,

off by the latter into two parts. One part of on the ground and with another Lakshuman was Maruti was greatly struck; and consequently he fainted.
it fell

which was cut

enraged and gave Ravana blows,


blood and return to Lanka.

which made him vomit


the demon-king

When

wag

he sent his demon-subjects to arouse his The demons brother, Kumbhakarna, from his fast sleep. went and shook him but he was not awakened.
thus defeated, they

Whereupon

threw rocks and mountains at him, pierced him with sharp weapons, and scratched him with their nails, but nothing could arouse him from his sleep, He

was snorting with a great noise and drew in and sent out with his inspiration and respiration the demons, bullocks,
cows, elephants and other animals

him.

At

last the

that had come before demons brought two nymphs and made

them sing before him. By their melodious voice he wag aroused; and as he was hungry for six months, he at once
billions of bullocks, she-buffaloes, Brahmaris, cows and even demons, and drank off gallons of liquor and ghee-\. After his hunger was appeased, the demons informed him of what had happened to his brother, Ravana,

devoured

his

kingdom and

subjects.

Whereupon Kumbhakarna
and
began
to

immediately stood on his legs towards the palace of his brother.


at the huge size of

walk

The monkeys, looking

the demon,

were greatly disheartened

but Maruti went to


that they might

him and
be

lifted

him up
him.

thrice in order

Kumbhakarna reached the palace of Ravana and stood before him, when the latter said to him, Brother ? I am now in difficulty.
not
afraid
of
"

have

marry
*

her.

brought Sita, the wife of Rama, as In order to recover her from me


f Clarified butter.

wish to

Rama

has

4-

weapon.

58
come here
with a

Ramavljaya.
great

number

of

monkey-soldiers.

They have killed good many demons and destroyed nearly It is now the whole of Lanka. your duty to help It is not good that you have deprived the help me. 11
"

less
**

woman,
is

Sita, of her husband," replied

Kumbhakarna.
s

It

You
you

a great sin that one should covet another ought to have restored her to her husband.
risk of your

wife.

But as
have

you have brought her here at the


fulfilled

life,

your wishes
her.
if

?
"

If not, transform yourself into

Kama and
Havana,
"

go to

Tlrat

cannot

be

done,"

replied
will act.

because

reign iu ine

become Rama, all his virtues and prevent me from doing any wicked
I

Unless you
"

kill

Rurna, I shall not


are

be

able said

to

fulfill

my

wishes."
"

As you

my

brother,"

Kumbhakarna,

it is

my

duty to help you. Have courage. I shall devour


in a his

all

the

monkeys
Taking

moment and
leave
of

kill

Rama and LakshuKumbhakarna

man."

of

Havana,

attacked the

Rama, when four monkeys, in army Govaksha Sharab and flnng mountains and cluding rocks at the demon which the latter broke with blows and threw them into the sky. Kumbhakarna devoured a monkeys but a few of them great number of the
escaped through his ears and nostrils. Sugriva then threw a mountain at him which the latter broke with one

blow and, having held him by his feet, turned him round like a reel. He was about to dash the monkey to pieces,

when

the

latter

escaped from

his

clutches

and jum
out
his

brought him down and put him into his anus. Sugriva was disgusted at the stink of his arms and, having cut off his nose and ears, once more
escaped and jumped into the sky of which

ped into the sky. hands in the sky,

But

he,

having

stretched

Kumbhakarna
and altogether

knew

nothing.

He was

disfigured.

Having thought

profusely that he was successful in the

bled

war, he walked towards the palace of his brother, Ravana.

Eamavijaya.
The demon-king was ashamed
state
;

59
that

to

behold him in

and

in

order to

avoid an interview with him he

ordered his barber to show


cordingly beheld hii

him a

mirror.

The barber ac
in

held

mirror before the

demon

which he
in a

disfigured face

and immediately returned

great rage to
rate

renew the fight with the monkeys. Despe as he was, he devoured many of the monkeys and

attempted to rush upon Rama, when Lakshuman let off arrows at him, which he broke with his hands. In the
mean-time,

Vibhishan went to fight with


"

his

brother,

when the latter said, you know who I am ?

You are I am your

a great scoundrel.

Do

brother.

You

are trea

I should have just cherous, and have joined our enemies. killed you on this spot, but as there will be no one left be

hind us to perform our funeral ceremonies, I spare your


life

and command you to leave this place immediately. Do not show me your face again." Having heard these word* from the mouth of Kumbhakarna, Vibhishan immediately

when

Kumbhakarna then rushed upon Rama, disappeared. the latter let off arrows at him, but they all were de
voured by the demon. Lastly the prince discharged a deadly arrow at him and cut off his hands with it, and,
with other arrows, his
the news
of the
feet,

trunk, and head.

On

receiving

fall of

vana much grieved


soled his father
.

for

Kumbhakarna in the field Rahim, when Indrajit came and con

after, Atikaya, the second son of Ravana, with other warriors, abravely attacked the

Immediately

army

of

Rama and

shot a great
killed

number

of the

but at last

Lakshuman
for him,

him with
Indrajit

his arrow.

monkeys Ravana

much lamented

when

consoled his father

and, having washed his body with the blood of human beings and cows, performed a penance. His goddess was
pleased with him and

presented him with a chariot, horses and weapons. He seated himself in that chariot and jumped into the sky and having hid himself in the clouds, he let
j

60

Ramavijaya.

off arrows at the monkeys and killed them all. Even Raina and Lakshunoan were struck with his arrows. The demonprince again returned to Lanka with success. To resus citate the monkeys, Maiuti went to get a mountain called

Dronagiri, which was full of medicinal plants. For some time he stood at the foot of the mountain entreating him to accompany hioi to Suvela, the place of the war, and re suscitate the monkeys with his medicinal The plants.

mountain said
pected to
place.

"

Be gone.
to

You,

fool.

am

not ex
this

indignant at the insolence of the mountain and, having lifted him up with his tail, brought him to Suvela. By the odour of the medicinal plants on
got
the

M aruti

accompany you

Suvela.

Depart from

mountain
were

all

the

man

resuscitated;
set fire

Lanka and
to

monkeys with Kama and Lakshuand soon after, they entered to it. Whereupon Havana sent the

Krochen, Nikuinbha and others The demons let off oppose them and quench the fire. a rain-weapon, which produced water and quenched the

demons, Jang Prachang,

By his mantra Indrajit then created a female called Kritya and jumped with her into the sky; and hiding him self behind her back he let off arrows at the and
fire.

monkeys

killed

many
let off

of

wind,

them, when Rama, at the suggestion of the the weapon called Angirastra, which cut off
Indrajit immediately

the female.

Whereupon

came down

and, having defeated the army of Rama with heavy loss, returned to Lanka with success. The monkeys were alar med, when Maruti immediately kept the field. At this

time Indrajit created by his mantras a woman exactly like Sita and, having seated her in his came to the chariot,
field
"

and loudly
see,

said in

the hearing
this

of all the

monkeys,
father

You

on account of

wretched
is

woman my
off,
war-"

has suffered much.


will

If her

head

cut

every

thing

end

in peace,

and there

he cut

off the

head of

So saying the woman and immediately went to

will be

no

Ramavijaya.

61

his county, ISTikumbala, to perform a penance with a view to get from the deity of fire a divyaratha* with horses and

weapons.
ions to
;

He

watch

entered a solitary place and, posting deit, began to perform the penance. Indrajit

lled

for

the purpose

many Brahnv^as and cows


seated himself

and,

ishing his
rpses

body with their blood,


carcasses,

upon
the

and

deity of fire the heads of

made a liavan^ and Brahmans and cows.

offered

having been pleased with him, half of


out of the havan.

The deity the divyaratha came

cut

off,

Maruti believed that the woman, whose head had been was Sita and communicated the sad news to Kama

and Lakshuman, which disheartened and disappointed all. In the meantime, Vibhishan came and informed Eama and the monkeys that Sita was safe in the Asoka forest and that the Sita, whose head was cut off by Indrajit, was He also informed them created by him with his mantras. Half of the divyaratha has of the penance and said,
"

come out
you
will

of the fire

and

if

the whole chariot

come

out,

conquer Indrajit. I, therefore, advise you to go to Nikumbala as soon as possible and

not be able to

destroy the havan, so that the chariot may disappear and not come to the hands of the demon-prince. I also tell you that as soon as you destroy the havan, he will be desper
ate

and

fight with

you

but no

one

will be able
*

to kill

him, unless

he has observed

fast for

12 years.

Listen

ing to what Vibhishan had said Rama made a sign to Lakshuman, who had observed fast for 14 years, and bade him go with Maruti, Sugriva, and the other monkeys to Nikumbala to Jostroy the havan and kill Indrajit. Lak shuman accordingly went with them to Mkumbala and destroyed the chariot and havan. The noise of the monkeys aroused Indrajit who was in deep meditation ; and find*

beautiful, fine

and charming

chariot,

f Oblation

by

fire to

a deity.

62

Ramavijayar.

ing that the ha van was destroyed, he was so furious that at them a tain-weapon, which produced the rain and flowed the army of Lakshuman. The prince Dis
Ije let off

charged a wind-weapon, which produced the wind and dis Indrajit stopped the wind by. a moun persed, the rain.
tain-weapon, which produced innumerable mountains,

when

Lakshuman

let off a

diamond-weapon, which produced dia

monds, and broke the mountains. Indrajit let off a firewea.pon, which produced fire and began to burn the army
of

Lakshuman, when the

latter

which produced volumes


fire.

of water

discharged a sea-weapon, and extinguished the

Indrajit lastly let off five arrows

and struck Lakshu


his

man

with thorn, when

Vibhishan threw

gada*

at the

demon-prince, who cut it off and struck his uncle with five At last Lakshuman let off a deadly arrow and arrows.
broke his head with
horses
killed
it,

and

his chariot

was broken and

by Jambuvant. Indrajit however fought alone on the ground, when all the monkeys threw t him innumerable mountains, rocks, and trees at one and the

same

time, but he broke

them with

his arrows in

no time.

then jumped into the sky and, hiding himself in the clouds, let off arrows at Lakshuman when Maruti placed
the latter on the palm of his the sky r where he fought

He

hand and
with

lifted

him up

in

Indrajit,

Whereupon

demon-prince came down, when Maruti brought Lakshuman on the ground. They fought for some time on the ground but at last Lakshuman cut off with his
the

arrows the thighs, arms and the head of his enemy.


of the

arms

of the demon-prince,

when

cut

off, fell

One down

in the

.daughter of

of the palace of his wife, Sulochana, a Shesha, and the monkeys carried off the head to their camp with exultation. Rama rejoiced at the

compound

success

and

told the

hand
for
ifc.

it

over to a woman,

monkeys to preserve the head and who would come hither to ask
of

Sulochana came out

her room, and as soon as

Ramavijaya.
she identified her husband
s
it.

63
it

arm, she took

hands and lamented over


tears in her
"

eyes,
If I

My

love,

were

killed.

am

faithful

up in her She said to the arm with just let me know how you to you, let this your arm

write a short account of the battle you had fought with


Rama."

inkstand before the ;arm,

So saying she placed a piece of paper, pen and which wrote the full account of

the battle and informed her that the monkeys carried off As soon as Stilochana read the ac his head to Suvela.
count,
sh.?.

grieved

fore his

father-in-law,

and

fainted

arm and paper be Havana read the letter away, when Mandodari came out of her room

much anl

placed the

Havana.

and, hearing the sad


violently cried

news

of the fall

of her brave
*

son,
to

and wept.

Sulochana

said,
I,

am going

burn myself with

my

beloved Indrajit.

therefore,

plore you to get his head back from the monkeys. the entreaties of his daughter-in-law the demon-king was and at the same time, he was rnored, and pitied her
;

im At

boiled with rage at the monkeys, and exclaimed, "Daugh Rest assured. I will now ter, I shall get the head back.
fight with

Rama and

never return,
courtiers

unless I
to

kill

him."

So

exclaiming he ordered his


for
"

make

prepartions

march against the prince, when Mandodari said to Su There is no necessity for fighting with Rama. lochana, If you go to him alone, he will give the head to you, as he
She is helpless, if any body There is not a single mon commit outrage upon her. who will covet key with Rama, replied Mandodari, these words, said as Mandodari another s wife. As soon allowed Su and with and confusion shame he hid his face Sulochana came to the lochana to go alone to Suvela.
is

very

kind."

Ravana

"

said,

"

"

camp
She

of the

moakeys, when the


"

latter

took her to

Rama.

said to the prince,

am

wife of Indrajit

and have

come

hither to carry the head of

my

husband, as I

am

go

ing to

burn myself with him.

I,

therefore, implore you to

64
give
it

Ramavij aya.
to
"

nusband was carried


"

that the head of your asked the monkeys. Sulocliana told them what had happened but the said monkeys to her, We can not believe what you say. It is impos
me."

How

did you

know

off

by

us,"

sible that a

lifeless
;

arm can
if

write.

Here

is

the

head of

your husband
it

and

you were
will be

faithful to him, just

make
say."
"

laugh

and then we

convinced

of, what

you

Whereupon Sulochana, embracing the head, said, My These monkeys have met love, I am now in difficulty.
here together to judge of my fidelity towards you ; and if your head does not laugh, they will look upon me as a vile

Sulochana tried her utmost to make the head woman." laugh but it did not listen to her. At last she said, T made a great mistake. If I had called my father, Shesha, to help you, nothing could have been done to As you." soon as she uttered these words, the head heartily laughed. The monkeys said, Though Sulochana spoke to the head in so many pathetic words, it did not laugh but as soon as she took the name of Shesha, it heartily laughed.* What is this mystery?" asked the monkeys. Sulochana
" "

"

"

is

the daughter of
is

Shesha,"

replied

man

an incarnation

of Shesha.
his

cause his

father-in-law killed

and LakshuRama, The head laughed, be own son-in-law." No


"

sooner did

Rama

inform the monkeys of this than Lakshu-,


son-in-law, Indrajit,

man much

grieved for his

when the

former pacified and consoled him, saying that he would re suscitate the demon-prince, if he wished him to do so.

monkeys Rama did not resus The Indrajit. monkeys then handed the head over to Sulochana, which she took and brought on the sea
at the entreaties of the
citate

But

shore near Lanka, where she arranged a pile of

wood and,
Ravana,
to the

having

set fire to

it,

burnt herself with the head.

who was present


custom, was

there with

his family according

home

deeply affected at the sight, and returned over-wiielined with grief. Ravana was in a confused

Ramavijaya.
state of mind,

65

minister, Yidya,
cles,

and did not know what to do, when his advised him to write a letter to his un Ahiravana and Mahiravana, in Fatal.

Whereupon

demon-king wrote to them, called them to see him at his palace and informed them of his misfortune and distress, when they encouraged him and said, You need not be
"

the

alarmed. We shall carry off Rama and Lakshuman to Fatal today at midnight and sacrifice them to our goddess." The ministers of Yibhishan overheard what had passed between Ravana and the demons and communicated it to
their master.

Nila, Sugriva

Whereupon Yibhishan told Maruti, Nala, and other monkeys to guard Rama and Lak
night.

shuman during the made a fortification


princes on

AH

the

monkeys, therefore,
placing in
it

of their tails

and,

the

guarded them. At midnight Ahira vana and Mahiravana came there and were greatly surpris ed at the curious fortification. But there being no way
cot,

to get in, they excavated the earth and through that excavation they carried off the with the cot to Maprinces hikavati in Fatal, where they put them in trance and con fined them in a house. kotis of They had posted
;

demons under the command of Makardwaja mouth of the excavation which was near the

twenty to watch the


sea in Fatal.

day all the monkeys at Suvela went to visit Rama, when they found, to their great sur prise, that the cot disappeared with Rama and Lakshu man. They saw the excavation and the footprints of the
demons, from which they concluded that the demons had
carried off the princes through that hollow. All the mon keys were greatly alarmed, and did not know what to do,
but, in the

At

the

dawn

of the

to

make

mean time, YibL-han came and told them not a noise about it, because if Ravana knew of their

position,

time.

he would attack t^em and kill them all in no The monkeys with Yibhishan met together and

asked Maruti whether he could go through the excavation

66
and
"

Ramavijaya.
trace

the

whereabouts

of

Even

at the risk of
back,"

my

life

I will get

Rama and Lakshuman. Rama and Lak-

shuinan

Maruti. Having thus spoken Maruti entered the excavation with Nala, Nila, Angada, and Jambuvant and went through it to the sea -shore half
replied

dead, where they refreshed themselves with a fresh breeze. Looking at the large numbers of the demons they disguis

ed themselves as Fakirs* and asked the monsters to show them the way that led to Mahikavati. The demons did non listen to them and prevented them from proceed ing further, when Maruti got indignant and threw them
into the sea

with his tail. Makardwaja was greatly in and combated with Maruti but the latter flung him down and sat on his chest. Makardwaja was alarm
censed,
ed,

when Maruti
"

his cause.

If

kardwaja,
as the

"he

name the espouser of said Ma were here," my father, Maruti, would kill you and save my life." As soon
called

upon him

to

demon mentioned

the

name

of

Maruti, the latter


"

wa startled, and, name is Maruti.


say that I

am

My getting up from his chest, said, I am a Bramhachari f and how do you Just give me an account of your father ?
to
"

how you were born


replied

me."
"

When
threw

you burnt Lanka,*

sweat, which

into the sea your you swallowed up and a mother, Magari, \ my Maruti was astonished of that sweat I was born to you."

Makardwaja,

at the account given by Makardwaja, apd blessed him when, the Magari came to see the monkey and said to him, When you came here last time, you had a large size I doubt but I now find that your form is very small.
"

whether you are that Maruti whom I had seen." Where upon Maruti assumed his former form and removed her
doubt.

He

then acquainted her with what had happened

all

* Mendicants, abstains from f A Brahman that religiously sexual commerce with woman either for a time or through
;

life,

An

alligator.

Kamavijaya.
to

67

Rama, when

she said,

"

Ahiravana and Mahiravana are

two brothers.
I

They

are

wicked and treacherous demons.


carried off

know

that they have

Rama and Lakshuman


them
you
to their goddess

to Mahikavati,

and they

will sacrifice

tomorrow.

I, therefore,

advise you to go

and hide yourself


will find
"

in the temple of the goddess, where


princes."

both the

"Have

patience/ replied Maruti,

I will kill all


"

Mahi the demons and give Mahikavati to your son." of 13 at a distance is the continued kavati," Magari,
"

yojans,
sea,

and

to reach there
will

you

will

have to cross a vast


I, therefore,

which you
to

not be able

to do.

beg
will

you

to sit with your

companions in
place."

my

mouth, and I

convey you

that

Nala,

Nila,

Angad,

and

thought that the Magari their on them swallow way to Mahikavati. up might and stayed on the offer her kind refused They, therefore, alone Maruti while jumped over the sea and sea-shore,

Jambuvant were

afraid, as they

immediately reached
small as an

Mahikavati, where he became as


of the

atom and entered the temple

goddess.

As soon

as he

saw the goddess, he put her into a drain

and, assuming her form, sat in her place. The goddess was frightened, and did not speak a word for fear of life.

The demoos
ing of boiled

as usual
rice,

made offerings to

the goddess consist

milk, butter

and other things which Maruti

swallowed up to his heart s content and loudly said to the I am very much pleased with you, because you demons, have brought today Rama and Lakshuman for my tiffin
"

Let me have them.


because you
I, therefore,

will

not open the doors of the temple* not be able to bear my power and lustre.
to

Do

command you

make an opening

to one of

the walls of the temple and push them in through it, so Do not kill that I may devour them with a great relish.

Believing that the goddess was much pleased with them, Ahiravana and Mahiravana removed the trance
them."

from

Rama and Lakshuman and

brought them to the

68
temple.
to one

Ramavijaya.
As
of
it.

the

directed by the goddess, they made an opening walls of the temple and pushed them in

through

Rama and Lakshuman

were frightened at
said

shall now devour them, you, as I am very hungry; but before I do that, name the espouser of your cause."

the sight of the goddess, u I to

who opened her mouth and

Whereupon

the

princes

"

replied,

If

Maruti were here,

he would come to our rescue. throw ourselves on your


pity at the
to
"

We

are

now

helpless,

and

mercy."

Maruti was moved with

princes,
"

and immediately discovered himself


without
weapons,"

them.

am now
I kill the

said

and how can

Rama,
"

demons without
"

them?"

You

need not be

afraid,"

weapons here." the weapons and dhanushabans from Suvela. As princes were hungry, Maruti gave them to eat the butter and other things which he had preserved for them; and after they had appeased their hunger he sat in the place of the goddess, hiding them behind his back, and I am now loudly exclaimed,
"

continued Maruti, So saying he brought

shall

get your

demons one by one. Let Ahiravana was extremely glad, as the goddess wanted him first; and without loss of time lie went in and stood before the deity, who trampled him under his foot and As the demon instantly killed him.
all

ready to bless

my

beloved

Ahiravana come

in

first."

did not come out for some time, the other demons outside the temple apprehended that there was some mischief in the temple, and began to make enquiries about him, when Maruti broke open the doors of the temple and killed a great

number

of the

demons with
was

his tail.

Having been

informed that his

brother

killed

by Maruti,
to fight

Rama
with

and Lakshuman, Mahiravana commenced


them.

He

let off

arrows after arrows at his enemies but

they cut them off and let off an arrow and killed the de mon with it; but, to their great surprise, they found that every drop of the blood of the demon produced one Main-

Ramavijaya.

69

ravana, and when Rama killed all the Mahiravanas produ ced by all the drops of the first Mahiravana the drops of
so

many Mahiravanas produced innumerable Mahiravanas

and thus the more

Kama

killed

the

Mahiravanas,

the
d>

more they were produced. At last Rama was confuse and did not know what to do. Maruti went and asked the Magari to acquaint him with the cause of the pheno

menon.
of

The Magari

referred

him

to Chandraseni,

wife

Ahiravana, and told him that she would toll him all about it. Whereupon Maruti called upon Chandraseni

and implored her

to tell

him the cause

of the
tell

when
of the

she said,

I shall be very glad to

phenomenon, you the cause


me,
I shall

phenomenon, but unless


you the cause.
I

not

tell
if

Rama marries am charmed with


will
"

the prince,

and

you promise me that you

make him marry me,


yes.

I shall tell

you

the

cause."
"

Oh,

I can

do

it

very
*

easily, replied Maruti. continued Chandraseni.

Then give me your promise,

when she

"

said,

on account

of

Maruti gave his promise to her, Ahiravana performed a severe penance which the god, Siva, was pleased, and
the

blessed him, saying that every drop of

nectar

in the

*kundas in Fatal,
of

if

Mahiravana,

it

mixed, with every drop of the blood would produce one Mahiravana and that

the drops

blood of the Mahiravanas produced by such drops would multiply the Mahiravanas. So saying he presented the demon with a string of ^Bramahras and
told

of the

him that

the

Bramahras would supply

his

brother

with the nectar at the time of a war.

Now

you

see, these

Bramahras, who are as big as mountains, go to Fatal and sprinkle the nectar over the blood of the Mahiravanas and consequently there is no end to them. 1, therefore, tell

you

to

go to Fatal and

kill

all

the

Bramahras, so that
the

the nectar

may

not

be

sprinkled
Rama."

over

blood

of the

Mahiravanas
*

killed

by

As

soon as Maruti knew


flies.

Holes in the ground,

f Big black

70

Ramavijaya.
went to Fatal and
killed

the secret, he immediately

the

Branaahras except their chief whose life was spared, because he promised, the monkey that he would be useful to him

on some occasion.
returned to

Having
told

killed the

Bramahras, Maruti
off

Rama and
The

him

to let

arrows at the
it

Mahiravanas.
all

prince accordingly did

and

killed

the Mahiravanas.

Immediately after
the promise given by * I do not know self,

this

success

Maruti remembered
to

Mm to

Chandraseni and said

him

what I should do now.

If I tell

Rama
If I

to marry Chandraseni, he will never do so, because he has sworn that he will be faithful to his wife, Sita.
fail

to fulfil the promise given

curse

me
all

to

death."

by me to her, she will Maruti however made bold and told

Rama
"

about the promise given by him to Chandraseni.

I will not at all violate


like, I

my

oath."

replied

Rama,

"

If

you
her.

can come to the place of Chandraseni and bless u continued Maruti, you can do Yes,"
"

so."

Thence Maruti
to her,
"

first

came alone

to Chandraseni

and said

Rama

will

come
tell

to-night.

ready for him, but I

you one thing that

Keep your *manchaka if the man-

chaka

is

marry you and


you

broken by the weight of Rama, he will never will go directly home. I therefore, tell

to order a strong

manchaka

to

be

made."

Chandra

seni got a strong and beautiful manchaka ready for Rama and sat there expecting the prince. Maruti sent the chief of the Bramahra without her knowledge to hollow

the bed-stead in such a

on

it,

it

would be broken to

skilfully hollowed the

manner that as soon as Rama sat The Bramahra pieces. whole of the manchaka with his sting

and went away. In the evening Maruti, accompanied by Rama, came to Chandraseni, who received him and made him sit on the manchaka; but no sooner did Rama sit on broken to pieces. Whereupon Rama it than it was
*

bed-stead.

Ramavijaya.

71

immediately got np and began to walk towards his place, accompanied by Maruti, when CKandraseni indignantly
"

exclaimed,

Ah, monkey
I

This

is

thy dodge.

will

Thou now

art a

great

scoundreL
death."

eurse

thee to

Maruti was alarmed, when Rama went and pacified her, saying that he would marry her during his another in carnation and that she would be called Satyabharna. After all the demons were killed, Rama gave Mahikavati
to

Makardwaja and returned

to Suvela

with Maruti and

the other monkeys. On the return of


*

Rama

to Suvela

Ravan
in

said to his
this

courtiers,

There

is

no use of

my
I

living

world

without

my

beloved son, ludrajit.


myself."

must now

either kill

Rama

arrows at

So saying he commenced to let off latter cut off. But the prince was struck with one arrow, when Vibhishan let off arrows
or kill

Rama

which the

at the demon-king,
his brother a

who

boiled

with rage, discharged at

weapon
it

called

immediately cut

off,

Lakshuman when Ravana discharged another


Bramahshakti.

powerful weapon at the prince but Maruti caught hold of it before it struck him. To the great surprise of all r the weapon became a female in the hands of Maruti and said

Well, Maruti, you say that you are a Brahmaand how do you touch a female? You will be Maruti was greatly asto sinful, if you do not let me go/ nished at the female in hie hands; and as soon as she
to him,
"

chari

uttered the word, sin/ he placed her on the ground, when she immediately became a weapon and, rushing upon Lakshuman, struck his head and chest and consequently
;

he

fell

down

lifeless.

Rama and

all

the

monkeys were

alarmed, and much lamented for him. Ravana, elate with the success, returned to Lanka with exultation.

Rurna and the monkeys were in confusion, and did not know what to do. All were discouraged, and thought of
leaving
Suvela.

Shortly

after,

Ravana again came

to

72

Ramavijaya,

fight, when Kama, boiled with rage, let off arrows at him and the other demons and killed many of them. The

demon-king, being unable to overcome him, trembled from head to foot. He became rnad and the picture of Kama
presented
itself

before

him wherever he went.

Having
"

been frightened, he immediately returned to Lanka and told his wife, Mandodari, about it, when she said, My
love,

my

dearest, even
"

now
no,"

restore

Sita to

Kama and
kill

be

his
"

friend."

No,

Ravana
I
will

indignantly replied,
either

that can never be

done.

myself or

Immediately after Mandodari had returned to her palace, he ordered the demons to dig an excavation in the ground. The excavation was accordingly dug; and
kill Kama."

in that excavation he performed a penance to get a ratha from the god of fire and sat there in deep

divya

meditation.

Kama grieved for


alarmed.
the pulse of
life

his brother,

and
"

all

the

monkeys were
Susena,
felt
still

In the meantime, their physician,

Lakshuman and
will

said,

Lakshuman has

in

him and he

be no more, as soon as the sun rises

in the morning.

plant of nectar is brought here from Dronagiri in the course of the night, Lakshuman can be restored to life. Is there any warrior who can go forty plant here

If the

millions of yojans from this place and get the in the course of the night As soon as the
?"

the question, Maruti said, giri here in three hours."


of

"I

physician put go and bring Drona So saying he took his leave


will just

Rama and jumped


;

from

Suvela.

He came

to

hill

called

Madaranchela which was

close to Dronagiri.

Maruti

was very
water.

and to refresh himself he went to the thirsty abode of an old Brahman and requested him for a cup of
This
blessed

with him,
see

you

here.

Brahman, who had a number of disciples Maruti and said, I am very glad to this Kindly spend night with us here and
"

go

in the

morning."
"I

"I

replied

Maruti.

must do

can not wait here for a minute,* my business as soon as

Ramavijaya.
*

73
that

possible.

When

the

Brahman found

Maruti did

not comply with his wishes, he showed him a river. Maruti went there and stooped to take water, when a vivasi* as big
seized

as a mountain came out to devour the monkey, who at once her by her legs and instantly killed her. When

she
belly

was

killed,

a beautiful

and threw

herself at the feet of Maruti.

devangana\ came out of her She said, I


"

was very beautiful; and, being proud of


at a sage,

my beauty, I

laughed

who got indignant and cursed me, saying that I would be a vivasi. I implored him to look upon me with mercy and make the curse a little milder, when he said
that I would be released from the curse by your hands.
also inform you that the
is

Brahman, who

lives in that

abode,

demon

called

Kalnemi.

He
here,

has been

here for

many
to

days with his companions, who are also demons. Havana has
sent this

demon to detain you


his wishes,

and when you refused

comply with

he told you to go to that river in order that I might devour you." No sooner did the devangana inform Maruti of this than he came back to the abode of the Brahman, when the latter said to the

monkey,

"

You ought

to

give
to

me some
"

presents,

as

I have pointed out

the river

you."

shall

be very

glad to give you


stared at the
precious

presents,"

replied

Maruti.

The demon

monkey, when the

latter

gave him blows as

The demon immediately presents from him. assumed his original form which was five yojans in length and breadth, and combated with Maruti but the latter instantly killed him; and his companions fled to Lanka to inform Havana of it. Maruti then went to Dronagiri and implored him to accompany him to when the
Suvela,

mountain
away.

"

said,

Thou

art a

troublesome

creature.
thee."

Go

Thou,

fool. I will

never come with

Maruti

tail,

got enraged and. having lifted up the mountain with his set out for Suvela. But on the road Bharat, the
*

goddess,

courtesan of heaven.

74
third

Ramavijaya.
brother
of

Kama, who was

living at

Nandigram

with the Rishi, Vashista, having looked at the bright and glittering mountain and, having thought that it was some

thing to entrap Rama and Lakshuman, let off an arrow at it, which passed through the mountain and pierced an

arm

The monkey, having boen wounded, came down with the mountain, immediately repeating, all the time, the name of Rama. Bharat heard the repetition of the name of Rama and asked him who he was, when
of

Maruti.

the

monkey informed him of what had happened to Lak shuman and said, What should I do now I How can I
"

go to Suvela before the sunrise. If I do not reach Suvela with tin s mountain in the course of the night, Lakshu man will be no more/ You need not be afraid,"
"

replied

Bharat.

"

I shall

send you and the mountain to

it is at a distance of thou sands of yojans from this place. Just sit on the top of my arrow, which will carry you and the mountain there in a minute Maruti was surprised at the valour and

Suvela, in a

minute,

though

"

power

of Bharat,

and continued,
can do
it

"

You need

not take so

So saying he took his leave of the prince and jumped from Nan digram with the mountain and came to Suvela. The physician imme diately came and, taking out the juice of the plant of
myself."

much

trouble.

nectar, applied

it to Lakshuman and brought him to life. In like manner he applied the juice to all the monkeys killed by Ravana and restored them to life. This having

been done, Maruti took the mountain and placed it where it Ravana however despatched one hundred formerly stood.

demons
but the
killed

to snatch
latter,
all

them

Dronagiri from the hands of Maruti holding the mountain in his one hand, with his other hand.

Rama, Lakshuman, and the monkeys again prepared themselves to fight with Ravana but the demon-king did not come out of Lanka for some time. In the meantime

Raniavijaya.

75

Vibhishan came and said to Rama, Ravana is perform ing a penance like that which was done by Indrajit and
of the divyaratha has come out of fire. Unless send some monkey-warriors there and destroy the you havan made by him, you will not be able to overcome him."

half

No

sooner did Vibhishan inform

Rama

of

this

than the

latter

despatched Marnti,
to

monkeys

Lanka.

Isfala, Ma, Sugriva, and other all went and searched the place They
;

where the demon -king was performing the penance


they could not find out the place.

but

But, in the

Sharma, wife

of

Vibhishan,

showed the place

mean-time, to them.

Whereupon they went to the mouth of the excavation and, having removed the stone which was placed upon it, rushed into it, when Ravana was in deep meditation.
tried their

The monkeys, having destroyed the havan and the ratha, utmost to arouse him from his meditation but

they failed to do so. They struck him with their weapons, they threw rock -and trees upon him, they gave blows to him but all was in vain. At last Sngriva caught hold of

Mandodari and brought her in the excavation. She was Her yell aroused the frightened, and violently cried.
demon-king from meditation; and as soon as he saw his wife there, and having found that the havan was destroy ed by the monkeys, he was greatly enraged and beat

them

all

dawn.

The monkeys immediately returned


wife in
"

to

Suvela leaving Ravana and his

the

excavation.

The demon-king

said to

Mandodari

My

dearest,

do not

grieve for what has

made for them according


are
fight with

happened to you. Pain and pleasure us mortal beings and we must experience
to

their

turns.

ISTow

am

going to

Rama.
ast

I will either kill


it is all

If I return to you,

right;

myself or kill Rama. and if I be killed, these

demon-king took the

So saying the you. him and with demons remaining commenced operations, when all the monkeys threw at
are

the

words

address

to

76

Ramavijaya.

him innumerable mountains, rocks, and trees but Ravana cut them off in no time and beat them all down. Finding that Ravana could not be overcome by the monkeys, Rama immediately attacked him, when the demon-king
let.

which off a serpent-weapon, serpents and stung the monkeys.

produced innumerable-

Rama

let off a

Garuda-

weapon, which produced garudas and killed all the ser Rama let off a rain-weapon, which produced the pents.

and flowed the demons, when Ravana let off a windweapon, which produced the wind and dispersed the rain.
rain
let off a mountain-weapon, which produced moun and stopped the wind. Ravana let off a diamondweapon, which produced diamonds and broke all the

Rama

tains

mountains.
at one

Ravana

let off

innumerable arrows at
latter cut

Rama
with

and the same time but the

them
his

off

one arrow.

Ravana then

let off a

very

powerful arrow,
left

which struck

Rama and

passed through

foot,

enraged and began to throwarrows, rocks, and trees at Ravana but the latter bravely Ravana fought from his broke them with his weapons.

when

all

the monkeys got

from the ground. Finding that the bad position, Indra, the chief of the gods in heaven, sent his chariot for him, which he mounted and began to fight with his enemy. They both were very
chariot

and

Rama

prince was

in a

powerful and fought with each other for seven days and seven nights without cessation. Rama then let off four

arrows and killed the horses of Ravana.

The demon-king

then immediately put other horses to his chariot, when Rama let off an arrow of the size of the half moon, which

Ravana
let off a

cut off with

the like

arrow.

Whereupon Rama

sharp weapon, which struck the chest of the demon-king and cut off his ten heads but, to the surprise
of
all,

the heads again

fixed

themselves

to him.

Rama

to again cut them off but they again fixed themselves the heads from failed to Rama Ravana. separate having

Ramavijaya.
Havana,
full of
all

77

the

oteer, Matuli,

said to

monkeys were alarmed, when the chari Rama, Ravana has got a phial
"

nectar in his breast.

Just
so

let

off

an arrow
heads

at his

breast
fix

and break the


this

phial,

that

the

will

not

themselves

to the

demon-king over and over again.

Hearing

weapon
breast;

called

and

Rama discharged a powerful in his Agasti Data and broke the phial heads ten his immediately after, he cut off
from Matuli
the spot.

and
him.

killed

him on

Vibhishan lamented

for his

brother the demon-king,

when Rama

consoled and pacified

Mandodari and
for their

his other wives

came and

violently

cried

husband.

Vibhishan consoled them and

them to their palaces. The funeral ceremony of Ravana was then performed by his brother and soon of Lanka. AH after, Rama installed him in the throne the demons acknowledged him as their king and paid homage to him. All the gods and kings imprisoned by
sent
;

Ravana, were released from the prison there. Rama visited them all and heartily embraced them. Rama then asked Maruti and Vibhishan to bring Sita from the Asoka
forest.

Whereupon they immediately went


of

to the forest

and informed her


said to her,
"

what had happened


by

to

Ravana and
bring

We

are desired

Rama
to

to

you to

Suvela.
us."

Please, therefore,

prepare yourself to
herself

accompany

Sita having prepared

Vibhishan seated her in


Suvela.

accompany them, a *sibika and brought her to

She went

to

embrace
"

Rama
the

affectionately,

when
I have
call

the latter said to her,


set

Do

not

come near me.


people

you at
cruel.

liberty in order that

may not

me
and

You

have been for so

many

years in Lanka,

do not know what you hava done during that time. not now admit you into my house; you can go wherever you like. I have no objection to it whatsoever.
I

I can

Hearing these words from


*

Rama

Sita

was over-whelmed

planquiij.

78
with
grief,

Eamavijaya.
and
"

For nothing For nothing you have If you do not like to given trouble to all the monkeys. admit me into your house, take your sword and cut off my head. I have led a pious and moral life, and I shall
replied,

am

unfortunate.

you have taken trouble

for

me.

presently satisfy you about it/

words

to

a pile of

Having addressed these Rama, she requested all the monkeys to arrange wood and set fire to it, All the monkeys ac
it.

cordingly arranged a pile and set fire to near it and loudly exclaimed in the

Sita

went

monkeys and demons, All know and detained by Ravana. I say that
"

presence of all the that I was carried off


I

led a

pious and

moral

life

demon.

during the time I was in the kingdom of the There is the fire ready to receive me. I shall now
it;
if

throw myself into burnt in it. And


of the fire unhurt.

and
what

if

what I say

is false,

shall

be

I say is

true, I

shall

come out

So saying Sita threw herself into and disappeared for about three hours. Rama, Lakshuman, and all the monkeys grieved for her and
the
fire

stood near the


the

pile

bewildered.

But,
it,

in

the meantime,
decorated

god

of fire

brought her out of

well

with

ornaments, and gave her in charge of Rama, who heartily

embraced

her.

Shortly after,
ful

Kama

set out for


all

Ayodya
the

in a beauti

Sugriva, Vibhishan, monkeys, and demons were seated in it. On the road Rama visited the Rishis and his other friends, who had supported him in the
forest,

viman.*

and

directly

came

from the viman and


heartily

to Nandigram, where he alighted saw his brother, Bharat, who


of joy.

embraced him with tears

Kama
of

then sent

the viman back

and stayed

in the forest

Nandigram,

with

Sugriva, Yibhishan, all the monkeys and demons, In the meantime, Shatrughna and Sumant came to the
*

veyance through the

chariot of the gods serving as a throne or 3,3 a con and self-moving. skies, self-directed

Ramavijaya.
forest

79

with

all

their

army and saw Rama, Lakshuman,

and

Sita.

Kausalya, Suruitra, and Kayakayi also came

there and affectionately embraced their sons. Kayakayi remembered her past conduct towards Rama and repented
of

what she had done


in

to ruin him.

They
to

all

then

seated

themselves

chariots

and came

Ayodya with the


all

acclamation of joy.

On
All
the

the return

of

Rama

from Suvela

the kings

on earth including
people of

his

father-in-law, Janaka,

saw him.

Ayodya were exceedingly glad to see Rama, Lakshuman, and Sita. Kama entertained all the Sita kings, Rishis, demons, and monkeys for some days. all relations. her sister and embraced her affectionately Soon after, Rama was installed by the Rishi, Vashista, in the throne of Ayodya, when all the kings paid tribute
to him.

Immediately after the ceremony

of

installation

was
all

over,

Rama
kings.

gave presents to Sugriva,

Vibhishan and

other

presents, as

the other

But Maruti did not accept any of the monkeys did. The monkeys asked

Maruti why he refused the presents from Rama. Why do I want the presents from Rama replied Maruti.
?>

"

Rama

is

always in
**

my

heart.*

Whereupon
is

the

mon

keys continued,
in your
heart.*

If

what you say

true,

show us

Rama
them
and

As

soon as the monkeys uttered these

words, Maruti ripped his heart and showed

Rama

to

from

within.

The monkeys were


feet of

greatly surprised,

threw themselves at the

Maruti.
at

When Rama
him through a Look at

was on

the

throne,
"

Kayakayi peeped
son
is

window and said, My Rama, how he is happy. I tried my utmost to get the And at last throne for him but he did not listen to me.
unfortunate.

he has

become a slave

of his brother,

Rama."
"

Vashista
I told
It

overheard what she had said and

replied,

many

things ing to your own folly a,nd jealousy that

but you would never mind

me.

you was ow
to

Rama

was sent

80
the forest,
ratha.
trust,

Ramavijaya.
and
it

was you who


advise

now

still

Dashayou to be a good woman and


killed your husband,

you will love Rama and Lakshuman as your sons, Bharat and Shairughna." Soon after, Rama, Sugriva,
Vibhishan, and
all

other kings returned to their respective

armie*.

ma

Only Maruti always remained with Rama. Ra reigned in Ayodya for eleven thousand years and all
were happy under his
in the
six

his subjects

reign and

led a

very

pious

life.

Sita

was

farmily

way

for

the

first

time,

and

when she passed

months,

Rama took
"

her to his pleasant

While garden, where they spent some time in pleasure. they were there, Rama said to Sita, My sweet heart,
you have now passed six months of your pregnancy. Just let me know what you like to I am ready to enjoy. gratify any of your desires." My love, what I want to
"

that you and I should go to enjoy is this," replied Sita, a forest where Rishis live, and eat kandamuls} there, and
"

sleep on the bed of

Trana\ on the

ground."

When

Sita

expressed her desire, he said to himself, Lo, she suffered BO much in the forest and yet she likes to go to a forest." So saying to himself he returned home with her. few

days before
officers to

Rama went
ill

to the garden

he had ordered his

go round the

subjects spoke

the city, came to

and hear whether his The officers, who had gone round Rama and said to him, We went to
city at night

of him.

"

every door
all

successively for some days and found that your subjects spoke well of you except one washerman

called,

Rajaka, who scandalized you. One day this Rajaka beat his wife, and consequently she ran to her parents house

without his knowledge. Her father intervened and came to the house of his son-in-law with his daughter and requested

him

to

admit her into

his house,

when Rajaka
I

said,

I will

never admit her into


f Esculent roots.

my

house.

am

not that

Rama,

J Grass.

Ramavijaya.
who

81

lived under the roof of

she shamelessly admitted Sita into his house, though Havana for many years. I am a

pure washerman.

am

the

man who

clean

and remove

the dirt and spots on the dresses and clothes of the people^ and do you mean to say that I will admit your unclean You can take her back. daughter again into my house ?

I do not wish to see her


scandalized
you."

face.

This

is

the only

man who

has

As soon as
said to him,

Kama
"

heard these words

from the
called

officers,

he became exceedingly sorry and, having

Lakshuman,
Rajaka has
as

You

see,

my
is

brother,
faithful

that

scandalized me, though

Sita

and as pious
scandalized
house.

any thing. me, because I have admitted her into my I cannot bear this at all. I, therefore, bade you
"

That wicked washerman has

take Sita to the yonder forest and, leaving her there alone, You need not take return to me as soon as possible."
to your heart

Lakshuman.
in the

what Rajaka has said about yon," replied There are many wicked persons who are
"

habit of

dent

man

scandalizing others. you should not mind it.


like.

As

a wise

and pru

Let the people say

whatever they

Why
if

do you mind that stupid


"

man
con

I shall cut
tinued
the

off his

tongue."

What

you say
It

is

right,"

Rama,
if

u but

you cut

off the

tongue of that
is,

man
j

people will

say that we are

guilty.

therefore^

far better,
ill

we get

rid of Sita, so that

nobody may speak

of

us."

Lakshuman
myself on
this

hesitated to comply with his wish


"

es,

when Rama exclaimed,

If

shall kill

spot."

you do not obey me, I Finding that Rama was

Lakshuman immediately got up and entered the room of Sita, who kindly received him and made him sit Lakshuman said to her, Rama has told me with her.
serious,
"

to take

you to the yonder forest as soon as kindly prepare yourself and accompany me

possible.
"

So,

there."
fl

Has

Rama
"

told

you
very

to

take

me

to the

forest ?

replied she.

Ah! I

am

fortunate.

Some days ago he asked

82

Ramavijaya.

ine what I wanted to enjoy, and I told him that I liked to pass four or five days in a forest, eat kandamuls there and sleep on the bed of trana. I think, for the same

Let us start. purpose he is going to send me with you. I am quite ready." Listening to what Sita nad said Lakshuman felt much and shed tears for her. Soon
after,

Lakshuman

seated her in a chariot

near the

river,

and began to drive it, when she observed bad omens and asked him what those omens indicated. Lakehuman, overwhelmed with grief, could not utter a sylla ble and quietly drove the chariot. When she found him
Janavi,
qniet .and in
?

him, Why are you so Lakshuman sorry Why don t you speak with me Btill kept quiet and, crossing the river in a boat, landed her in the forest, where therp. was no human being and
grief,

she said

to

"

?"

it

mals.

was inhabited by lions, serpents, tigers, and other ani She asked Lakshuman, Where are the abodes
"

of Rishis

?"

Lakshuman
seated

did not

reply

but,

making a
fell

bed of grass, he
feet
left

her

on

it.
"

He

then

at her

and said with


you alone
in

tears in his
this
forest.

eyes,

Mother,

Rama

has

I have

as I could not disobey him." No speak these words than she fainted.
insensible,

brought you here, sooner did Lakshuman

While she was


the

Lakshuman prayed

to

the goddess of

and every creature in it to protect her and started for Ayodya. When he went some paces off, Sita came to herself and, standing on her legs, loudly exclaimed,
forest

Lakshuman, kindly return and take me back. Why do you leave me here without any faults on my part ? Kill me and tell Rama of it. Where shall I go in this
!

dreary

forest."

BO that even trees

man

returned to

So saying she violently cried so much and stones shed tears for her. Lakshu Ayodya and told Rama all about Sita.
She had no
to
herself,

Sita wandered in the forest barefooted.


ter there.

shel
"

She often

fainted.

She said

It

Ramavijaya.
is

83
I should

now

useless to live in this world.

have killed

If I kill myself, I shall myself but I can not do so. be guilty of suicide and murder, because the infant child So saying to in my womb will also be killed with me."

herself she

abandoned the idea


the
Rishi,

of

killing

herself.

In

the meantime,
yells of Sita,

Valmika,

having heard the


"

came up
Rama,"

to her
?"

and
"

said,

Who

are you

What

has brought vou here


of

am

a daughter of

Janak

and wife

replied

Sita.

Lakshuman

left

me

alone in this dreary forest without any faults on my part. So I implore you to be my I am quite a stranger here.
father.*
"

My name
well.

is Valmika,"

replied
is

Valmika."

Rama
;

knows me

Your
upon

father,

Janak,

my

friend

and

therefore, I look

you as

my

daughter.

Two

sons will

more powerful than their father, and will revenge themselves upon those who have left you alone in this forest without any faults on your
be born to you.

They

will be

part."

Valmika then
"

led Sita to his

abode,

when
"

all

the
is-

Rishis gathered
this

woman

?"

around him and asked him, This is Sita," replied Valmika,

Who Why
"

have you brought her here ? Surely you will get into diffi One culties on account of her," continued the Rishis.
of the Rishis said,
river
here."
"If

she

is

Sita, tell

Sita prayed to the river,

and

her to bring that it flowed where

she was standing.


sent her back.

to her for protection.

The Rishis were alarmed, and prayed She again prayed to the river and Valmika brought Sita to his abode and
After the expiration of nine of twin sons at midday as

took every care of her.

months, she was delivered

bright as the sun, when the wives of the Rishis came and helped her in her confinement. The first born son was the

younger and the second born was the eldest. The disciples of Valmika went and informed the Rishi of the birth of
the two
to his

sons. Whereupon Valmika immediately came abcde and performed the necessary ceremony. He

84

Ramavijaya.
son with a Icusha* and
eldest son
like

sprinkled water over the younger

named him Kusha


placed on
the water over

after

it.

The

having

been

lavas,} the

Rishi, in
called

manner, sprinkled

him and

him Lahu.

When

the

two sons became eight years

Rishi performed their Vrataband\ and entertained the Rishis for four days. kamdhenu or a cow supplied them with whatever they
old, the

wanted.

Ramayan,

The Rishi taught them the Vedas, mantras, the Purans and dhanurvidya. They thoroughly mastered all sciences and arts and always played with
the sons of the Rishis.

When

they became ten years old,

they went on hunting excursions and brought home tha animals killed by them. One day Kusha killed a sage on the top of a mountain, who was a brother of Valmika. He was meditating there in the form of a deer. They

dragged the corpse


Valmika, when the
they were
doing.
"

of

the

sage

towards

the abode of

latter
"

asked them on the road what


have

We

brought a deer for

you"

replied they,

and

shall

make a

seat of its skins for you.

his brother

Valamika, having looked at the corpse, found that it was and said to himself Now both the boys have
"

become very brave. They have even killed a Brahman." So saying to himself Valmika performed the funeral
ceremony
of his brother

and informed
"

Sita of the valour

of her sons,

when bhe

said,

What

do I

know

It

is

you who have taught them

dhanurvidya, mantras,

arts,

and

all sciences.
"

I implore you, Papa, to free

them from

the sin.

Unless

they

bring
"

one thousand Brahma


Siva,

Kamals"^ replied

Valmika,
will

and worship the god,


will

with
the

all their

heart and

soul, they

not be
us

freed from

sin."

Papa,
be
f

you kindly
enquired
J

tell

where those
"

kamals
*

can

had

?"

the

boys.

We

will

Grass,

rush-like grass.

ing a boy with a thread Lotuses.

The

art of

using a

The ceremony of invesitbow and an arrow

Ramavijaya.
"

65

There is a lake called immediately bring them here." Brahmasarovar near Ayodya," continued Valmika, but a number of warriors are posted by Kama to watch it.
"

Those kamals are used by


"

Rama

for the worship

of

Siva."

Pooh!"

said the boys,

"

We

shall immediately bring those of brave warriors to

kamals.
the lake,

Let there be hundreds

watch

we

shall

punish them and even capture


to the

Rama."

So saying they hastened

lake.

Kusha went and

plucked all the kamals, when the warriors came upon him; but Lahu killed many of them. Those who had escaped,

went and informed

Rama

of

what the boys had done.

Rama

was greatly surprised, and praised the valour of the Lahu and Kusha brought the kamals and worship boys. Siva as directed by Valmika, and thus they were freed ped
from the sin they had committed in killing the Brahman. One day, while both the boys were shampooing the feet of
their mother,

Kusha asked
is is

"

her,

born
race

What

the

name

of the
?

In what country we were country and what is our

and who

our father

"Rama,
"

Lakshuman, Bharat
sons of Dasliaratha,
to

and
race.

Shatrnghna" replied Sita,

are

who was
I

the king of

Ayodya and belonged


of the
is

the solar

Rama, the
left in

eldest son

am

this forest alone,

king, your father. bacanse a washerman scan


1

dalized your father on

So saying she shed tears, when both the boys got much enraged at Kama and consoled their mother. Owing to the injustice done by Rama to Sita there was a terrible famine in Ayodya for

my

account.

twelve years.
rain
fell

The people and animals


torrents.

suffered

much. The

in

Rama

was alarmed and asked the

Kishi, Yashista, what the cause of the famine was, when the latter replied, You havo unjustly left Sita in the she is a forest, although paragon of virtue and this is
"

the cause

of the

famine.

In order to put
*."

must
*

celebrate

an Ashwamedha

down you Whereupon Kama


it

With

a view to be an emperor or to free

himself from sin

-86
erected a

Ramavijaya.
mandap
*

on the bank

of
all

the river,

one yojan in length, and invited

kings to

Sharayirf that cere

mony

including Vibhishan, Sugriva, Nala, Nik, Maruti, Sharab, G-ovaksha, and all other monkeys. Rama, having

performed the
it

necessary ceremony, brought the best horse called skajnaJcarna f from his stable and madje

stand in the mandap.


"

Yashista tied up
it

to-

its fore

head a golden Patrika J and wrote on


words:
lias

the following

Rama,

the king of Ayodya, son of Dasharatha,


It is guarded by six loose. under the command of Shatrughna,, and

let

the

shamakarna

billions of warriors

any king, who


capture the horse

is

and

powerful and mighty, is required to fight with its owner, but if he is

unable to do
to
him."

so,

he must submit to

Rama

worshipped the
followed
for

Rama and pay tribute shamakarna and appointed


billions of

Shatrughna as commander-in-chief of the six


the warriors

who

the

horse.

Rama
in

performed

the necessary yadnya

many

days

the

mandap
with
all

strongly

guarded by

Sugriva,

Vibhishan,

and Maruti.

Lakshuman, Bharat, and Sumant


Shatrughna conquered
countries,
fifty

s-npplied him?

the necessary things for the purpose.


six kings of

very large

him and, having paid tributeto Rama, followed the prince. The shamakarna of Rama began to gallop on the road on which the abode of Yalmika

who submitted

to

s.

its

let a horse loose with a patrika or letter on fore-head stating that any monarch whose dominion the animal entered, should either catch it and fight with its master

monarch would

or submit
entered,

Wherever this animal to him and give him tribute. was accompanied by the monarch with large armies. Monarchs read the patrika and fought with the invading mon arch, if they were powerful to do so and if not, they gave him After all the monarchg were subdued, the horse was tribute.
it
;

either killed or let go alive,


or horse-sacrifice
*

and hence

it is

called

ashwamedha

horse,

An

P en shade or

hall.

letter.

sacrifice.

Kamavijaya.
stood.

87

Valmika, had gone to Fatal to be yadnya performed by Yarun. Before he left for Fatal, he had told the boys to watch his abode in Ms absence. Both the small boys were playing together

The

Rishi,

present at the

with other playmates near the abode at the time the shamakarna galloped, when Lalm showed the animal to his
playmates and, having pulled
off

the patrika from the head


it.

of the horse, read the contents of

He

he had
sarth
?

read,

and

"

said,

Is

Rama

only a mighty

laughed at what king on

Pooh! I shall capture this horse, and let me see who So saying he will fight with me and recover the horse." All the children of tied up the animal to a plantain-tree.
the Rishis were alarmed and said,
*

No

doubt

this

horse

How dare you capture the animal ? If belongs to a king. the king cerne here and ask us who has detained the horse,
\ve will surely give

your
"

name."

In the meantime,

some

of the warriors

came
said,

there

and, looking at the children


are
?"

of the Rishis,

Who

you
il

Who
"

has tied up

the horse to the plaatain-tree


it,"

We

do not

know any

There stands the thing about replied the children. who has tied the horse to the tree and he will tell boy up he has done In the meantime, Shatraghna you why
so."

and

all

other
of

warriors

reached there.

Looking at the
to untie
"

tenderness

the horse,

Lahu they coaxed him and went when the former loudly exclaimed,

I did

capture the horse.


is

I stand here to fight with you.

Who

your Rama ? Go and tell him that I am ready to fight with him. You say that I am a child but I will kill you.

all

and put down your


"

pride."

The

warriors said to
to fight with

them
these

selves,

It

is

unbecoming on our part

tender boys. All the kings will laugh at us,, if we fight with them. It is far better to untie the horse and walk

So saying all the warriors went to untie the Lahu let off arrows and cut off the hands when animal, of those who went to untie the horse. All the six: billions
quietly."

8
of warriors at

Ramavijaya,
once

rushed upon

arrows and defeated them with

ghna drove

his chariot

who let off when Shatruheavy loss, but there was no room to move it,
the
boy,

as there were heaps of the

corpses of the

warriors

killed

by Lahu. He however pushed aside the corpses and went where the boy was standing. Finding him just like Ha-, Whose child you are ? You have ma, he asked him,
"

killed all
"

my

warriors.

I shall

now
will

severely punish you.

Very well, I shall see how you


Lahu.

save your

life

now,

replied

Shatrughna got enraged and let off an arrow at the boy, who cut it off in no time. He then let off many arrows which Lahu cut off and struck the for
his arrows.

mer with

At

last

he threw at

Lahu the deadly

arrow given

by

Kama
"

when Lahu said, arrow. Kusha has a knowledge


gone
to the forest
for

him for use in difficulty, I do not know how to cut off this,
to of
it.

If

he had not

kandamuls, he would have cut it off. Lahu however let off a fiery arrow and cut off a part of the deadly arrow but the remaining half of it struck the boy and consequently he fell insensible on the
;

ground.

Shatrughna was moved, and having gone near

the boy, looked at

him

attentively.

He

resembled

Rama,

Shatrughna applied water to his eyes and brought to his. senses and in order to show him to Kama he put him into his chariot and proceeded further with the shamakarna. The
;

children ran

when she

informed Sitaof the fate of her son, Lahu, fainted and, coining to herself, violently cried. She exclaimed with grief, I am helpless and very unfortunate. Which heartless man has seized my child ? mv son,
"

and

thou art tender. Thou must have been wounded. Thy eyes must have been broken by the arrows of the enemy. My
children are too young. They live upon kandamuls and how will they be strong to with warriors ? Those enough
fight

who

raise a
is
it

weapon against a
that

child,

are not
at

Kshatriyas.
child
?

How

nobody

felt

pity

the

Who

Ramavijaya.
lias

9
T

carried

off

the

little

wealth

had

Who
?

hag

carried off the stick of a blind


father,

and lame woman

If

my

Valmika, were here, he would go to


patal.

his rescue*

but unfortunately he has gone to

gone

to the forest,
back."

what

my

son

In the

Kusha has also now ? Who will get meantime, Kusha returned from
shall I

do

the forest

and asked
to

his

when

she, with tears in her

mother where his brother was, eyes, informed him of what

had happened

Lahu.

As

soon as he was

informed

of the fate of his brother, he took

up

his

bow and arrow

and ran

after

Shatrughna and the other warriors.


"

called out

and
to

said,

Who
of

are you,

thieves.
?"

Kusha Where are


let

you going
off

take

the stolen

thing
"

So saying he

arrows

at the

army

Shatrughna, when the latter

turned round and loudly said, Child, I shall immediately seize and carry you off with us. So saying Shatrughna let off ten arrows at Kusha, which the latter cut off and broke the chariot and killed the four horses of the
with nine arrows
*
;

former

and with three arrows

his

helmet and

were broken. chap Shatrughna fell on the ground and combated with Kusha, when the latter let off two arrows and cut off his two hands and at the same time his head
;

was cut
na
his

off

with another arrow.


T
]S

On
let

the
off

fall of

Shatrugh

agendranath, twenty arrows at the boy but the latter broke off the arrows with one arrow and cut off the head of Nagendranath with an arrow of the
brother,
size of the half

moon.
arrows

Having done
at

this,

he continued

the

letting

off

the

warriors,

who could not

overcome Kusha.
riors

The boy killed many billions of war who had submitted to Rama. Kusha then went and searched his brother, whom he found and
all

the

kings

in the chariot of Shatrughna.

He was

insensible.

Kusha

brought him to senses and embraced him affectionately. Lahu said, Let us now go home with the shamakarna."
"

13 ow.

90
"

Ramavijaya.

am

sure,

many
who

other

warriors
"

will

come here to

fight

with

us,"

replied

Kusha.

Let us

kill all

not safe to return home. will come here to take the horse, and
It
is

then return

home."

few wounded warriors went and


billions

informed

Rama

that

Shatrughna and six

of the

warriors were killed by two small boys was alarmed at the news and

of a Rishi.

Rama
the war.

immediately despatched
to the

Lakshuman

with

a large

army

seat of

He, looking at the beautiful boys of the age of twelve years, was greatly surprised at their bravery. The warriors
the boys. Where will they go The boys prayed to the sun, who was pleased with them and presented them with a successful weapon, which Lahu took up and attacked the warriors of Lak shuman and killed a large number of them, when Lak
said,
"

Capture, capture

now

?"

shuman

said to Kalajit,

"

As

long as the two boys stand,

together,

nobody can overcome them. Let us, therefore,, So saying Lakshu separate them both and seize them."

man

separated

the

boys

with

the

assistance

of all his

warriors but
of arrows
in a

Lahn

let off

one arrow, which produced kotis

and killed the warriors. Finding Lakshuman bad position a demon called Rudhi, a great friend of Rama, jumping into the air, came down where Lahu wa
standing, and snatched the weapon
flew like a bird,

from his hands and

the

him and, seizing demon by his hair and turning hijn like a wheel ^ Lakshuman, flung him down and instantly killed him.
also flew with
let
off at

when Lahu

got enraged and

the

two boys

five

arrows as

powerful as lightning, which Lahu cut off in a minute* Lalm said to Lakshuman, You formerly killed Indrajit.
"

Let

me
it

see your

valour

now.

You

fasted

for

fourteen

years.

give

doubt you must have now rest and I shall just to you." What is the name of your father ? asked
" "

No

Lakshuman.
Lahu.
"

Why

Come

on, let us

do you want to know it replied now fight." So saying he let of


?"

Ramavijaya,

gj,

one arrow and threw Lakshuman with his chariot into the sky, which turned in the air and came down on the
ground.

Lakshuman mounted another

chariot

and

conti

nued
then

letting off arrows at

one after another in


let off

Lahu, which the the twinkle of an eye.

latter cut off

Lakshuman

an arrow, which produced kotis of * gadas, when Lahu made use of the mantra given hy Yalmika, which produced koits of f chakras and out off the ga das.

Lakshuman then let off a mountain-weapon, which produ ced mountains but Lahu broke them with the diamonds
produced by a diamond-weapon.
bis utmost to kill

overcome the boy,

Thus Lakshuman tried Lahu with his arrows but he could not when the latter said to him, Why hare
"

you stopped now ? If your arrows are finished, go back And call your Rama." Lakshuman did not reply to what Lahu had said, and indignantly let off arrows at Lahu, when the latter let off a melody-weapon, which produced
melodious sounds and charmed Lakshuman, who was an incarnation of the serpent, Shesha. Lakshuman,. having been charmed with the melodious sounds, ceased to

fight

And began

to

nod

his

head with mirth.


but the

Kalajit
latter killed

surrounded Kusha with his troops

about to

and joined his brother. Rama was send Bharat with more troops tore-enforce the
all

them

Army

of

Lakshuman
the two

with instructions to

Lakshuman
alive,

that

they should
seizing
their

put upon the boys a fascination-weapon and,


boys,

bring

them
for

to

him

so that

mother might not cry

them.

But

in the

mean

time, a

few wounded warriors

went and informed

Rama

Lakshuman had fallen in the field of war with Kalajit and all the warrio-rs commanded by him. Rama, hearing this, grieved much for Lakshuman and immediately despatch
that

ed Maruti and Bharat with more warriors. When Bharat saw the boys just like Rama, he said to Maruti, There u I should is no doubt that the boys are sons of Kama."
"

92
think
so,

Raiftavijaya.
replied

Maruti.

Lah u and Kusha saw them


"

~No doubt they will en whisper to each otlier and said, gage us in conversation and take the shamakarna from us.

Kasha
up
to

told Laliu to

watch the horse and he himself came


"

Bharat and asked him,

You
?
is

are, I

suppose,
to

elder

than
brave

Lakshuman.
"

your name, who your parents are, and tell me with whom you fought before ? My name is Kusha," replied the child. Depart from
soldier."
"
"

Are you not Just tell me what

You seem

be a

this

place,"

continued Bharat,
"

"

and
"

tell

have spared your

life."

I think,

Rama
I

your mother that has sent you


tell
you<

here to capture us," said Kusha. fight with me or depart from this
1 do not pursue you.

now

either

place as soon as you can.

Just go and get your Kama here." Bharat got enraged and let off various arrows and weapons at Kusha, which the latter cut off At last he very easily.
let off a

diamond-weapon

sensible.

at Maruti, and made him in This ne\vs having been communicated to Rama,
his chariot

and personally came to the army of the monkeys. The mon at threw the keys boys mountains, rocks and trees which broke with their they weapons and killed many monkeyAt this warriors, and some monkeys fled for fear of life.
field of

the latter

mounted

the war with the

time Maruti
his tail but
ful

jumped

into

the air to

lift

up the boys with


power

Kusha,

perceiving his intention, let off a

arrow at him, which struck the monkey and brought him down. Kusha loudly said Oh ugly monkey. You Asoka forest but here you cannot do destroyed the
"

any thing. The throwing of stones and mountains at demons was not a war. There is no Dronagiri here. You
,

jumped over the


like that
here."

sea

and burnt Lanka.


the cut

In

There is nothing meantime, Sugriva threw trees

them off, and made Sngriva, and Maruti and other monkeys Nila,- Jambuyant,- Angad at insensible. this Rama let off a:ro\vs at defeat Looking
but Laliu

at

the boys

Pay 75^5||^

Ramavijaya.
the two boys

93
and
let off

which the

latter cut off

innumer
the
to

able arrows, which

scattered
at

throughout the
the

sky without
of

hurting

Rama.
asked,

Looking
Children

bravery
Rishis,
shall

Rama
which

of the

listen

boys me, I

shall give

you what you want.


give

will

you milk.
"

am

give you a cow, pleased with you and


"

will give

you whatever you


replied the boys,

want."

We

want nothing

from

you,"

but on the

contrary we will

You can enjoy your own wealth. have heard enough of you. You are such a heartless. and cruel man that no one like you can be found on this earth. Sita, an innocent woman of virtue, you left alone in
give you whatever you want.

We

most wicked on yonr part Listening to what they had said, Rama was moved with affection for them
the forest. This
"

is

and thought
the boys told
tell
me,"

of stroking their heads

with tenderness.
"

But
Just

him

to continue
"

fighting with them.

said

Rama,

which guru
vidya,

gave,

science,

Who you are, who your parents are, you education, who taught you dhanurarts and mantras V The boys heartily
"

This man does not laughed and said, to tell him stoiies. He wants us thers. with us and then ask us stories.

feel for his

bro
fight

Sir, first

You have
let

killed

Havana
it.

and done many brave

acts.

Now

us

see a little of

you place with out fighting with us. If you cannot fight with us, return home quietly or be a * sanyasi, because you have neither
to depart
wife,

We

shall never allow

from this

nor

children."

Rama

asked,

and then

1 shall fight with you.


*

Tell me who you are, In the meantime, a voice


"

in the sky said,


sons."

Rama, do not fight. The boys are yotu* As soon as Rama heard what the voice had said, he fell down insensible. Kusha came up to him and, taking off his mugut, put it on his own head. Lahu stripped Lakshuman of his ornaments and wore them himself^

Having done
*

this,

they mounted the chariot of

Rama and

An

ascetic.

94

Bamavijaya.
Jambuvant and other
of their mother,

tying up Maruti, Sugriva, Angad,

monkeys

to the chariot for the

amusement

drove to their abode.

They
"

told Sita that they


field

had made
war and
said

Rama and
"

his brothers insensible in the

of

killed all their warriors.

Here are the

monkeys,"

we have brought for your amusement." Sita knew them and did not come out, because they might feel ashamed of their state. She said to her sons, Let the
they,
"

monkeys go away. The boys then went

We
arid

shall

untied

never keep them here." them. The monkeys

came and informed Rama

of

what they had seen.


;

In

the

meantime, Valmika returned from Fatal and, having been informed of what had happened, he went and brought all the warriors to life by sprinkling water over them from
his

Kamandalu.
in

Sita

charge

of

The Rishi then gave the two boys and Rama, who heartily embraced them.

Shortly after, Rama took leave of Valmika and returned to Ayodya with his sons and completed the ashwamedha,
*

The water pot used by an

ascetic

and

religious student.

THE END.

JL.IST

OF

^SUBSCRIBERS,
A
Copies.
...
...

BOMBAY.
Mr. A. C. Moodooramlingum Moodliar A. G. Manker
Amritrao Krislmanath
...

1
1

...
...

...
...
...

...

1 1 1
1

Anandrao Bhao R.
,,

...

...
...
...

,,

Anandrao Ohapaji Anandrao Dinanath Naik Anandrao Anandrao Anandrao Anandrao


Dinanath ji.
...

...
...

... ... ...

,,

...

...
...
...

1
1
1

,,

Harischandra Talpade

Janardan Bhuleshwarker

...
..,

,,

Keroba Dadurker
...

... ...

...
...
...

1
1

,,

Anandrao Pundlic Pai.

...
...

,,

,,

Anandrao Sundarji ... Anandrao Vassantrao. ... Anandrao Vinayak Pitale


Atharde J.

... ...
...

...
...

...
...

1
1

D
... ...
...

Atmaram

Balkrishna Kirtikar

B
Mr. B. K. Devare
B. N. Athavale B. P. Kirtikar
,,

1
1
... ...

1
1

Babaji Sitararn Kothare...

... ... ...


... ...
...

...

Baburao Succaram
,,

...

...
... ...

...
...
... ...

1 1

Baji

... Narayen Nabar Balaram Pandurangji Vagal

1 1

,,

... Bapu Acharya Balkrishna Dinanath Kaik ... ... Balkrishna Madhowrao ... Balkrishna Madhowrao Yijayaker

Balkrishna

...

1
1

...
...

...
...

1
1

Balkrishna

Rama

Narvekar

...

...

...

Copies.

Mr. Balkrishna Venkoba Pai ,, Bapu Vishwanath Telang

..

1
...
ee

...

1
...
...

... ... Bapuji Nanabhai ... Bbagwant Vinayekrao Soamney Bhagwantrao Sakboba Kirtikar Bhai Jivanji ... ...

...

1
1

...

1 1

Bhavanishankar Atmaram Rele


,,

,,

Ramchandra Fondekar Buiwant Moresbwar


Bhikaji

...

...

...

C
Mr. Casbinath Sumbhaji Moorker Cassinath Kesbowji Mhatre
Cassinath Vittoba
1
...

...

...

1
...

Chandoolal Bhowaniprasad Chhotelal Dullabhram


,,

1
1
1

...
...

Cliintamon Bhaskerji Kolucker Cliintamon Bbau Kbedekar Cliintamon Sudashiv


Crishnaji

1 1

Sakbaram

...

...

...
...

...

1
1

Crustnarao Pandurangji Moorkutey

...

D
Mr. D. B. Chitale D. J. Jayakar ,,
1
...

...

...

...

...

1 1
1

D Crasto
,,

D. M. Nadkerny A, F
...

Dadabhai Slmnkerjee Sarungdhur ... Dadabhoy Narayan Dhume


Dadaji Bhanaji
Dadaji Raghunathji Dhurandbar Dadaji Sbitaram Kotbare

...
...

1 1
1

...

1
1 1
...

,,

Dalpatram Girjasbankar Shukla Dalpatram. Vishwanath ... ...

...

Damodhur Pandurangji Dataram Damodar Panandhikar

Copies.

Mr. Bayanatb Gannoba Dinanath Muddonji Dinanatb Pandurang

1
1

E
Mr. Eugene M. D. Penha
1

P
Mr. Farrow
J.
... ...
...

1
... ...

Fakirji Narayen

Dandekar

G
Mr. G. E. Kothare Gajanan Chintamon Kusumbekar ,,
Gajanan Dbondji ... Gajanan Ganpatrao Gajanan Krisbnarao Naik
...

1 1
...
...

...

...

...
...
..

1
1

,,

...
...
...
...

...
...

,,

Gajanan Muccoondjee Govind Narayen Pai Ganesb Hari Palnitkar

...
...
...

...
... ...

1
1

...
...

...
...
...

1
1

Ganesb Narayen Desbpande


,,

...
...

...
... ...

Ganpat Dwarkajee Ganpat R. Dbaradhar Ganpat Sbanker Wagle


Ganpatrao Atmaram Ganpatrao Bhicoo Varde Ganpatrao Cassinatb

...

...

...

...

1
1

...

...

... ...

...
...

1 1

,,

...

...

1
1

Ganpatrao Kassinatb
Ganpatrao Ramchandra Ganpatrao Succaram Dabbolkar Ganpatrao Wasoodew
Girjasbankar Harisbankar Bbat ... Gopal Dbondosett
...

1
...

...

...
...

1 1 1

,,

... ...

...
...

Gopal Pandurang Bhandari

...

1
1

Gopal Wasoodeo Padbye


Gopinatli Sudanundji
...
...

...
...

...
...

...
...

Govind Babaji Arguday

Copies.

Mr. Govind Balkrishna Puntambekar Govind Dajeeba Kathe

1
1
... ...

,,

Govind Gopal ... ... Govind Ladoba Pednekar.,. Govind More&h war Kantak Govind Withoba Nigoodker

...
...

...

J
1

1
1
1
...

Gulabshanker Kharashanker Vaidya ... ... Gungadass Tarachand

Gyanoba Lingu

H
Mr. Hareshwar Jagannath Babre ... ... ,, Hargovandas Narotamdas Watchmaker... Harichandra Babaji ... ... ...
Harichandra Jairam Parelkar
Harichandra
,,

1
...

2
1 1
1
1

...

... ...

Luxuman
...

Kolatkar...

Harischandra Ramchandra
Harri Aba...
... ... ... ...
...

.^
...

j
i i

Harrichandra Sadas-hivji

...
...

...

Babu Heera Sing

...

mmt

J Mr. Jaganath Balkrishna Mankame Janardan Nanabhoy Pingle Janardhan Purshotumji Mantri Janardhan Raghunath Thakur
Joseph Jackson
...

1
...
...

...

1
1
... ...

...

K
Mr. K. B. Rele
1
j[

K. Raghavendrao
,, ,,

Kashinath Balkrishna Varde Kashinath Narayen Kashinath Raghunath Kashinath Vithal...


Keshowji Ohapsey Shah
...

1
1
1

Khanderao Bhugwantrao

Copies.

Mr. Khanderao Keshrinath Desai Khanderao Moroji ,..


Kikabhai Chabildass Krishna ji Sakharam
Krishnarao Kana Kale
...

1
...
...

... ...

...
...

1 1

Krishnarao Anandrao Kothare


...

1
...
... ...

...

1 1

Krishnarao Ramchandra

...

...

...

L
Messrs. L. P. Nagwekar & Co. Mr. Laxmon Manickjee Mantri ... Laxumon Bhawoo Kedaray ... Kai Bahadur Luchmon Singh Mr. Luxumon Raghunath Bhyndarkar

12
...

... ...

...

1
1 1

M
Mr. M. P. Vijayakar M. V. Ran jit
1
...

Madhavrao Bajirao Vyavaharkar Madhavrao Ballaji ... ...

1
...
..

1 1
1

Madhavrao Crustnarao Ajink Madhavrao Hari Trimbak Madhavrao Laxumon ... Mahadeo Hari Soorvey
Mahadeorao Juggonnath Rele Makundrao Narayen Bhende Maneklal Luxmidas Dholkia

...

...

,.

y 1

...

1
1

1
...

Mangesh Subrao
Manjabhai B. Trivedi
,,

l
1

...

Meghasham Narayen

Daji

Lad
...

Moreshwar Balwantrao Nagwekar Moreshwar Bapuji S. Kothare

1
1 1

Moreshwar Ganpatrao Jayakar Moreshwar Ganpatrao Rane


Moreshwar Ramchandra Sen jit Moreshwar Vishwanath
...

1
...

1
1

6
Copies.

Mr. Moro Purshuram Moroba Venayek Trilokekar


Mothabhai Bapuji
,,

1
...
...
...

...
...

...

...
...

Mothabhoy Ganputrao Shete

...

...

,,

,,

,.

... Mothabhoy Govindrao Rao Dharadhar Laxumonrao Mothabhoy Mucoondrao Wishwanath Gore ... Mulshankar Jayashankar Yyas ...

...

... ...

1
1 1 1

...
...
...

...
...

N
Mr.
1ST.

Bhowany Kanwinday N. R. Pradhan


...

1
1
...

Kamdeo Damodar

...
... ...

...
...

Nanabhai Dadoba Dhurandhar

...

1 1

Kanabhai Dinanath Paudval


,,

... ...
...

...
...
... ...

,,

Nanabhoy Nanabhoy Nanabhoy Nanabhoy

Anandrao Seony
Ganpatrao Talpade

...
...

1
1 1
1 1

Jagannath

...

...

...

Jaggannath Rane

Narayen Abajee Parelker


ETarayen Ballaji
,,

1
1 1
...
... ...

Narayen Balaji Kher Narayen Balkrishna Pitale


IsFarayen Cassinath
...

,,

,,

.,

,, ,,

Narayen Narayen Narayen Narayen Narayen Narayen


IsTarayen

Dhakjee Govind Madgaoker Govindjee Mahtre


Harrichand
...

1
...

...
...

...

2
1
1
1

... ...

... ...

...

Janardan Cheoiboorker Janardan Dhurandhar ... Janardan Mhatre


...

...
...

...
...

1
1
1

Narayen Keroba Dalvi


,,

Narayen Laxumon Manker Narayen Mahadeo Aryamani


Narayen Madhawrao Dalvi Narayen R. Mirkar

...
...

...

...
...

...

1 1 1

Copies.

Mr. Narayen Raghoba


]STarayen Ramchanderjee Kolutker ... Narhar Mahadeo Joshey ...
.,
...

1 1 1 1 1
...

...
"...

...

Narhar Moresliwar Shintre


Narhari

...

...

Atmaram Nagisker Narotum Madhowram Shukla


Nilkanth Balkrishna Rairkar

...

...

Narsidass Bhookhandas

1
1
...
...

Nilkanth Damodar Pathare

Mr. Oomedchand Premchand

P
Mr. P. G. Kothare
P. N. Sabnis
P. R. Khote
,,

1
1
...

Pandharnath Mukundji ... Pandoorang Damodar Hatode

...

...

1
1
1

... ...
... ...

...
...

...
...

,,

Pandoorang Gharoba Patel

Pandoorang Hurrichundji ... Pandurang Bhasker B. Chachad Pandurang

...
...

...
...

1 1

1
... ...

Pandurang Vithoba Grhanekar

...
...

...

1
1

Pandurang Yadaw
Pereira G.

...

...

F
... ...
...

1
...
...

Pootlaji Socajee Trilokekar


,,

1
1
1

Pranlal Soorajlal

Daru

...
...

...
...

Pudmanath Bapuji
Purshotum Purshotum Purshotum Purshotum
Janardan

...

...

Purbhoodass Purushotumdass
...
...

1
...
... ...
...

Lakshman Chowdhary M. Paradkar ...


Ramkrishna
.

...
...

1 1
1

...
...

Purushotum Yeshwant Pinge

...

...

8
Copies.

R
Mr. R. K. Bhave R. K. Hanker
...

1
...

Rao Saheb

R".

S.

Taki

1 1

Mr. Raghunath Mukund

Raghunath Wamanrao

...

...

...
...

...
...

1 1

Rajendrarao Bapoojee Sao

...

,,

Ramchandra Ramchandra Ramchandra Ramchandra Ramchandra Ramchandra Ramchandra Ramchandra

Bapoojee Jayjoorker
Jagannathji Mankar Krishnarao Lad ...
...
...

1
... ... ...
...
...

1 1 1

Laxumon Mone
Nanabhai Kothare
Sunder ji

...
...

...

...
...
...

1
1

Raghoba Dharadhar
...

...
...
...

...
..,

1
1

... Vinayak Ramcrishna Bapsojee ... Ramcrishna Bhugwantrao

...
...

... ...

1 1 1 1

...
...

...
... ...

,,

Ramji Lakshraan Gharat Ramkrishna Babaji Chaubal

...
...

...
... ...
...

Ramkrishna Jaganath

...

...
...

...
...

1 1
1

Ramnath Cashinathji Rele Ramnath Damodar Mahimkar Ramrao Balkrishna ... Ramrao Bhaskar Trilokekar
Raoji Bhai Dhurandhur
...

...
...

...
...

...

1 1

...

...

...

1
1

Reuben A.

H
S

Mr.

S.

D. Waslekar
...
...
...

1
... ... ... ...
... ...

,,

Sadanand Purshotumji Agasker Sadanund Raghoba ...


Sadashew Bandhu Chuwatay Sudashew Narayan Bhende

1
1
1

...

...
...
...

...

...
...

Sadashew Vishram Narvekar


Sadashiv Ramchandra Jayakar

...

...

9
Copies.

Mr. Sakharam Phondeo Gupte Shamrao Anibernatli Kirtikar Shamrao Balwant Palekar

1
...
... ... ...
...

...

...

1
1 1

Shamrao Harischandra D. Shamrao Runchordji Shankar Vithal Acharya Shantaram Narayen


Shantaram
,,

...
...

... ...

..

...

1
... ...

,,

...

...

2
1

ISTarayan Rege Shewshankar Cassinath ... Shridhar Narayan Janvekar

...
...
...
... ...

...

...

1
1

...
...
... ...
...

...
... ...

Sitaram Purshotum Dhotrey Soker Ganpatrao Mankar


,,

1
1

Sokerji Bajirao

Mankar

...

...
...

1
1 1

Sokerji Govindrao

...

...

.,

Soonder Ganpatrao Talpade Soonderrao Vithoba ...


Soonderrao Govindrao
...

...
...

...

...
...

...
...

1
1

...

...

Subrao Venktesh

1 1
,

Sunder Y. Palekar
Sunderrow Narayan
...

T
Mr. Tayabbhai Shaik Abdulali Tookarani Lalloo Kurlekar
Trimbak Nuthoojee Ghemday Trimbak Pandurang
Trimbuck Hurbajee Trimbuckrao Anundrao
1

1
1 1 1

V
Mr. V. M. Kirtikar
Messrs. V.
...

M. Walyekar & Co

25 20
1 1

Y.

Rele&Co
...
... ... ...

Mr. Vallubbhoy Jamyetram Vaman Ganesh Dighe ,,

... ...
...

... ...

Rao Saheb

-Varajrai Santokrai Desai...

...

10
Copies.

Mr. Vasudeo Bapuji Mantri ... Vasudeo Vinayak Pradhan.

...

...
...

...
...

...

1 1
1

Venaik Laxumon...
,,

...

...

...
...
...
...

...
...

Venayak Bhugwantrao Dhurandhar ... Venayekrao Jankidass ... ... Venayekrao Shreecrushnajee ... ... Vinayak Bramhadeo
Vinayak Crustna
...

...
...

1
1

...
...

...

1
1 1

...

...

...

,,
,,

,,

,,

,,
,,

,,

,,

,,

Vinayak Dhondji Kothare ... Vinayak Dinanath Katvi... Hari ... Sinkar ... Vinayak Vinayak Harischandra Navalkar... ... Vinayak Mahadeo Jaole ... ... Vinayak Mangesli Dubhashi ... Vinayak Narayan Dandekar ... Vinayak Raghunath Pradhan ... Vinayak Vishwanath Wilaji ... Vinayakrao Damodhar Rao ... Vinayek Mahadev Kelkar
Vinayek Manikji ... Vishnu Krishna ... Vishnu Yeshwant Rege
Vyankatrao Bhikaji
... ... ...
...
...
...

... ...

...

1
X 1
1

...
...

...

...
... ...

... ...
...

1
1

...

...

1 1

... ... ...


...

...

,,

1
J

... ...

...

J 1

,,

Laud

...

...

W
Mr.

Wamon Wamon Wamon

Balajee

...

...
...

...

...

...
...

1 1

Narayan Naik

...

...

,,

,,

Pandurang G-hosalker Wasoodeo Bhawoo Kothare Wasudeo Vinaykrao ... Wasudeo Vithal Bawdeker

1
... ...
...

...
...

... ...
...
...

1
1 J 1
1

...

Wasudew Krishna Sakhalker

...

...

Wishwanath Balkrishna Pradhan Wishwanath Dhondoba ... ... Wishwanath Karayen Wagle

...

...

1 1

11
Copies.

Y
Mr. Y. R. Senjit Yecknath Grimoba...
1
... ... ...
...

1
1

Yeshwant Wassoodeoji

G-oray
....

... Yeshwantrao Gnnputrao ... Yeshwantrao Ramchandraji Mengle

...

MOFUSSIL
Abu Road.
Mr. Keroba Shamrao Dhurandhar
1

Alibag.

Rao Saheb Gopal Vyankatesh Panandhikar Amraoti.


Mr. Antajee Govind Keskar

Baroda.
Mr. Hurrichandra Gopall
... LuxmoQ Muccoondji Belgamn. Mr. Hanmant Balvant Kankunwadi ...

1
...
...

...
...

... ... ...

... ...

1 1 1 1

Mahadev Nilkhant Deshpande ... Nagesh Dattatraya Ramchandra Bhikaji Gunjikar

...

...

Bhavnagar.
Mr. Balkrishna Seetaram Moray
1

Broach.
Mr. Ratanram Amritram
Pundit Jayalal
... ...
...

...

Budaun.
1

Chalisgaon.
Mr.

W.

R. Mohony

Chikodi.
Mr. Venkatrao Krishna Mahajan
...

Cochin.
Mr. E. S. Narayanaiar
...

...

...

...

12
Copies.

CuddapahMT. D. Krishnarao
...
...

...

...

...

Cuttack.

Mr. P. Veeriah Naidu

Dakor.
Mr,
S.

M.

Bapooji

Dharwar.
Rao Saheb Anantrao Vyankate-sh
Mr. Jairam Govind
,,

...
...

...

1 1
\
...
...

...

...

...
... ...
...

M. Kesavarao

...

...

...

Rao Saheb Pandrung Narayen Deshpande Mr. Parasliuram Ramchandra Shahapurkar


,,

1
1

Robert R. Gordon
... ...

Rao Saheb Sittaram Vishwanath Patwardhan


Mr. Vinayek Daji Behere
...

1
1

...

Dumas.
Mr. Karayen BUawrao Vaidya
Ellichpore.
Mr. Shripad Mahadeo
1
...

Patehgarh.
Pandit Kundan Lai
1

Fatehpur.
Mr. Shri Rajeshwari
1

Gadag.
Mr. Yenkatrao Narayen Arur
... ...
...

Goa. Mr. Anant Krishna Kamat


Dulba Sadashew

Na ik

Prataprao

M.

Sir Desai

...

Godra.
Mr. Wishwanath Moongaji
...

...

...

...

Gogh a.
Rao Saheb Ramchandra Ichharam Vyas
1

Hinganghat.
Mr.
IS"arayen

Bhicaji

13
Copies,

Hubli.
Mr. Appaji Baburao Divekar
I

Hyderabad-Sind.
Mr. Dialmal Daulatram GKanchand Belaram
1
...

Indore.
... Mr. Bapuji Krishnarao Rao Bahadur Khanderao Chimanrao Bedarkar
r ..

1 1

...

Jfoansi.
... Mr. Mangesh Raghoonath Kaira. ...

...

...

Mr. Mahomed Ibrahim

Kalyan.
Mr. Ramchandra K. Subnis
X.I

Karwar.
Mr. Bhavaai Mangesh Borker K. M. Raghavendrarao
...
... ...

I
1

Rao Saheb

S.

M. Ankle

Khamgatim.
Mr. Vinayek Dowlatiao Mr. Chintamon Bapoojee Mr. Vithal
...

Khandesh.
...

...

...

...

Khandwa.

Wamon

Pagay

Kolhapur.
Mr. B. P. Modak Rao Bahadur R. K. Vaidya Saheb V. K. Kirtikar
1
1 1

Kurrachee. Rao Bahadur Shet Alutnal Trikamdas


Mr. B. D. Ramchandani
... ...

...
...

... ...

Mahad.
Mr. Keshav Krishna Raleganker
1

Malegaon. Khan Saheb Cassim Khan Dehelvi

14
Copies.

Mangalore.
Mr. B. Naraina Pai
Udyaver Ananda Rao
Mr. Kashinath Bhicajee Mr. Bapu Karasinva Bhave Mr. Sayana Balloo
...
,
.

t>

j \

...

...

Mehkar.
...
,

44

.<.

...

Mhow.
...
... ...

...

Murbad.
1

Nagpur.
Rao Saheb Hari
Sliridhar

Bhaway

... ...

..*

...
...

Mr. Shamrao Krishna ji Jakate

...

1
1

W.

B. G-okhle

Narsinghpur.
Mr. Jiwan Lall
... ...

...

...

...

Nasik.
Mr. B.
S. Chitnis

Panwel.
Mr. Aaron Samson
...
...

...

...

...

Poona.
Mr. A. Soamsoondarum Muclliar
,,

...
... ... ...

...
...

...

1
1

,,

Bapurao M. Natekar G-nngarani Bhau ... M. J. Kothare ...

...

...

...
...

...
... ...
...

...
...
...

1
1

Rao Bahadur Narayen Bhai Dandekar


Mr. Kamchandra Chintaraon Tilak
,,

1 1
1

...
...

...

Raracrishna

N"ana

Yagal

...

...

...

Rao Saheb Vishnu B.

Sohoni...
...
...

Mr. Vishnu Raghunath Karmarkar

...

Ranika.
Mr. Dwarkanath Bhasker Sette
1

Ratnagiri. Mr. Dattatraya Sliridhar Halbo Vishnoo Krishna Tilak ...

...

...

...

1 1

15
Copies.

Sachin.
Mr. Soker Eknath Dharadhar... SataraMr. Janardan
G-anesli Kamafc...

Rao Bahadur Jayasatya Bodhrao Trimalrao Inamdar... Mr. Madhowrao Vittojee Sinde Wasudeo Granesh Deshpande SawantwariInamdar Pandit Bhowansing
Mr. G-ajanan Vishnu
...

Shahabad...
...

Mahadeo Kristna
Shankar Rajaram

Sbahapur.

Mr. Dattatraya R. Tilve R. T. Nadgir

Sholapur-

Rao Saheb

Grovind Babvantrao Laghate

Nilkant V. Chhatre

Thana.
Mr.
ff.

H. Hegde

Wardha.
Mr. Wasudeo Vishnu

Bombay

Additional ).
... ...

Mr. Krishnarao Vinayakrao Rele


Farayen Grovind Ratanjanker Rainrao Granpatrao Kamalakar

DEVAEE PRINTING-

PRESS, GIRGAUM, BOMBAY.

^
BL 1225 R3D8

Dubhashi and Company, Bombay Ramavijaya

PLEASE

DO NOT REMOVE
FROM
THIS

CARDS OR

SLIPS

POCKET

UNIVERSITY

OF TORONTO

LIBRARY