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(. 1986) 41-44 ( 41).
2. . C. Kee, Das frhe Christentum in soziologischer Sicht, Gttingen
1982, . 75.
3. M. Weber, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, Tbingen 51980, . 140
passim.

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4. . : ' 22.17: .
. 19.26: .
19.31:
v . 20.6: Kai ,

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. 20.27: ,
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, . . '. 23.23, Baoifaicv A ' 15.23,

' 21.6.
5. . Th. Mommsen, Rmisches
Strafrecht, 1899 (. Graz
1955), . 639 .. F r . . Cramer, Astrology in Roman Law and Politics,
Philadelphia 1954, . 44 ..
6. Digesta 4 8 . 8 . 1 , 1 : Praeterea tenetur, qui hominis necandi causa venenum
confecerit dederit. 48.8.3, 1: Eiusdem legis poena adficitur, qui in publicum mala
medicamenta vendiderit vel hominis necandi causa habuerit. 48.8.13: Ex senatus
consulto eins legis poena damnari iubetur, qui mala sacrificia fecerit habuerit.

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, 7. Codex Theodosianus 9.16.1 ( = Codex Justinianus 9.18.3): Nullus haruspex Urnen alterius accdt nee ob alteram causam, sed huiusmodi hominum
quamvis vetus amicitia repellatur, concremando ilio haruspice, qui ad domum
alienam accesserit et ilio, qui eum suasionibus vel praemiis evocaverit, post
ademptionem bonorum in insulam detrudendo: superstitioni enim suae servire
cupientes poterunt publice ritum proprium exercere. Accusatorem autem huius
criminis non delatorem esse, sed dignum magis proemio arbitramur.
8. C. Th. 9.16.2: Haruspices et sacerdotes et eos, qui huic ritui adsolent
ministrare, ad privatum domum prohibemus accedere vel sub pretextu amicitiae
Urnen alterius ingredi, poena contra eos proposita, si contempserint legem. Qui
vero id vobis existimatis conducere, adite aras publicas adque delubra et consuetudinis vestrae celebrate sollemnia: nee enim prohibemus praeteritae usurpationis
officia libera luce tractari.
9. C. Th. 16.10.1 [. 320/321): Si quid de palatio nostro aut ceteris operibus publicis degustatum fulgore esse constiterit, retento more veteris observantiae quid portendat, ab haruspicibus requiratur et diligentissime scriptura col
lecta ad nostram scientiam referatur, ceteris etiam usurpandae huius consuetudinis Ucentia tribuenda, dummodo sacrificiis domesticis abstineant, quae specialiter prohibita sunt.

552

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294.

9.18.2,
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10. . Kee, '.. 75. . . F .


Lucrezi, Costantino e gli aruspici, Atti Acad. se. mor. e polit, in Napoli 97
(1986) 171-198.
11. C.J. 9.18.2: Artem geometriae discere atque exerceri publice intersit. Ars
autem mathematica
damnabilis interdicta est. . C. Th. 9.16.8
( = C.J. 9.18.8, er. 365),
, C.Th. 9.16.12 ( = C.J. 1.4.10, . 409),
.
. 38 '
' (PG 60, 274 ..)
12. C. Th. 9.16.3 ( = C.J. 9.18.4): Eorum est scientia punienda et severissimis merito legibus vindicanda, qui magicis adeineti artibus aut contra hominum moliti salutem aut pudicos ad libidinem deflexisse animos detegentur. Nullis vero criminationibus
implicanda sunt remedia humanis quaesita
corporibus
aut in agrestibus locis, ne maturis vindemiis
metuerentur imbres aut
ruentis

55a

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grandinis lapidatione quaterentur, innocenter adhibita suffragia, quibus non


uiusque salus aut existimatio laederetur, sed quorum proficerent actus, ne divina munera et labores hominum sternerentur.
13. , , .
. , ' , ', . 28 (. 1988) 8788.
14. nigromantie,
.
15. (C. Th. 3.16.1) medicamentarius,
interpretatio maleficus,
. sorcerer (= ) medicamentarius
Cl. Pharr, The Theodosian Code and Novels and the Sirmondian Constitutions,
Princeton 1952, . 76 .. 449 (C.J.
5.17.8), veneficus venefica.
22.15.1 (. 536), 449,
.
16. . C. Th. 9.16.4 (= C.J. 9.18.5, . 357), 16.10.4 (= C.J. 1.11.1, .
353), 16.10.5-6 ( 353 356).
. . C. Th. 9.16.9 {. 371).

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2 ), 21 ( 130 132)
, ( 380), ' .

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17. . ,
, C. Th. 16.10.7 (2. 381), 16.10.8
(. 382), 16.10.9 ( = C.J. 1.11.2, . 385), 9.38.8 ( = C.J. 1.4.3, . 385)
16.10.17 ( = C.J. 1.11.4, . 399).
,
.
389,
, , (C. Th.
9.16.11 = C.J. 9.18.9).
18. . ' . 3.13,
. ', . 5.19 . 9.21, 18.23, 21.8 22.15 ,
, .
19.
8.9-24.
20. 2.2: [...], , , ... 3.4:
, , Laav,
,
lLaa
. . . Kl. W e n g s t , Didache
(Apostellehre), Barnbasbrief, Zweiter Klemensbrief, Schrift an Diognet, D a r m s t a d t 1984, . 68 70.
2 1 . . . 20.1 (. W e n g s t , .. 190 ..),
.

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22. . II 22.6, II 62.2, VII 3.1, VII 6.1-2, VII 18.1, *. . Metzger,
Les Constitutions Apostoliques, 1985 .., , . 212, 334, III, . 30, 34,
44, .
23. Metzger, .. Ill, 238.
,
, '
. V. . Beneaevi,
Kanonieskij sbornik XIV titulov so vtoroj etverti VII ceka do 883 g. Priloienija,
1905 (. 1974), . 78 ..

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25. . 3.4 ('.. . 20) ' VII 6.1.

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1405 AB.
30. . H.-G. Beck, Kirche und theologische Literatur im byzantin
nischen Reich (Handbuch d. Altertumswissenschaft, XII 2.1.), 1959,
. 273. H. Delehaye, Les recueils antiques de Miracles des Saints, An. Boll.

560

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43 (1925) 5-85, 303-325. , ,


. F. Marcos, Los thaumata de Sofronio. Contribution al estu
dio de la incubano cristiana, 1975,
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31. 6
G. Bjrck, Der Fluch des Christen Sabinus. Papyrus Upsaliensis 8, 1938. , "
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32. ,
,
, . Kai ()
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Abt. N.F. 14), 1937, . 118 ..

561

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34. . C.J. 10.15.1 (. 474). . . ,


, /2, ' 1948, . 192 ..
35. . Laourdas - L. G. Westerink, Photii Patriarchae Constantinopolitani
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563


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17.42-44. : () "
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(= C. Th. 9.14 16).
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48. ' (
1) Collectio tripartita (.
' . , , - 1986,
. 85 ..). , (
' ) C.J. 9.18.2,4-6
39 (G. Voelli - . Justelli, Bibliotheca iuris canonici ceteris, II,
1661, . 648 ..). ( ' ), ,
.
37. Institutiones 4.18.5: Eadem lege (sc. Cornelia) et venefici capite damnantur, qui artibus odiosis, tarn venenis vel susurris magicis homines occiderunt
vel mala medicamenta publice vendiderunt. :
,

.
38. 115 . 3-4, 542,
(..
).
39. 17.42: oodfac
, ,

, . 17.43:
] -

564

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42, 4 3 44 17,
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(. 45 ..). ,
. 42-44 . 40-41 ,
,

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, . 42
( )
4 3
.
.
44 .

.
,
,
. 17.44: en'
.
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565

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a p p e n d i x (
) Corpus
iuris civilis. 4 2 a p p e n d i x
,
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41. 17.6, :

(.
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43. . III, V, VI, VII VIII.
' , ,

566

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, 44
,
'. . 2 1 , 22 2 3 17: 21.
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. 22. 01 - .
23.

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, . 4 5
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.

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. . 50 , ,
, . ,
(. 4). . L. Burgmann - Sp. Troianos, Nomos Mosaikos, Fontes Minores III (.. . 42) . 126-167 ( 164 ..).
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45. . , 63 ..
46. . , 60.

567

47
: . 17.42
44 . 40.83 84 ( = . . 39.77 78).
,
,
' (17.43),
:
, ei ,
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, ,
() .

,
: () . 40.2 / . . 39.2.

. () . 40.16 / . . 39.13. ,
.
, . () . 40.23 / . . 39.20. ' .

48.8.3
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,

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'.
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, JGR II, 216 .. 360 ..

568

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,
.
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,
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16 18 9
8 48 .
, 4, 5 11
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48.
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. 34-35).
49. . Schminck, .. 14.

569

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407" . - , - ', 434 ..) . J. Almazov, Zapiski Imper.
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62. .
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63. . , ' , '
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