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Tau

particle
The heaviest lepton ever.

Clasication

Leptons

Leptons
Electron. J.J. Thomson 1897

Longest mean life between leptons Lower energy to be created.

Leptons
1936. Carl D. Anderon discovered a new particle. He thought it was a meson because of the mass but it had the electron properties 1948. Lepton concept. That new particle was rightly clasied as lepton. 1930. Neutrinos existence was postuled by Wolfgang Pauli to explain beta decay. 1956. Neutrinos were detected. Cowan-Reines neutrino experiment.

Leptonic properties
Leptonic number Le e- , e e+, e - , + , - , + , Lepton interaction Leptons do not feel the strong interaction but weak and electromagnetic 1 -1 0 0 0 0 L 0 0 1 -1 0 0 L 0 0 0 0 1 -1

Tau experiment
1974. Martin Lewis Perl proposed some experiments colliding pairs of particles. Anillo SPEAR. Collision at the center of masses. All the energy is used to create new particles. Aim of the eperiment: e+ + e- Hadron + Antihadron Stranges results: e+ + e- + e Opposite directions and the momentum was not compensate

Tau experiment

MARK 1

Tau experiment

Tau experimets
Mistake? Detector malfunction? It was probably in Mark 1. Estimation: 4.7 7 events, not 24. Instead of looking for mistakes, what kind of proccesses could end up givig a muon and an electron:
e+ + e- H+ + H- ; B+ e+ + ; B- - + e+ + e- L+ + L- ; L+ e+ + + ; L- - + +

Tau experiments
First results
No conclusions Improve the detector

Tau experiment
Muon tower added. Barium-loaded concrete instead of iron.

Tau experiment
Muons detected after the muon tower 139 events while 34 were what they Had calculated.

Tau experiment

3 bodies decay

Tau experiment
Better detector . Glass pads. Conrm the tau existence

1977 the Tau name is given

Tau experiment

Tau properties
The tau mass ins heavier than the other leptons but alson than some hadrons, so that this particle can decay into dierent particles.

Tau properties
" Given the masses of the muon and the tau particle and the mean life of the muon it is possible to estimate the value of tau particle mean life. " Taking into account that only the 17.8% of tau decays end as electrons: " = BR( e) (m/m)5 = 0.29 x 10 -12 s