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2N3904

Silicon NPN Epitaxial General Purpose Amplifier


REA03G0001-0200Z Rev.2.00 Jul.22.2004

Features
Low saturation voltage General purpose amplifier and switching The useful dynamic range extends to 100mA as a switch and to 100MHz as an amplifier

Outline
TO-92 (1)

1. Emitter 2. Base 3. Collector 3 2

Absolute Maximum Ratings


(Ta = 25C)
Item Collector to base voltage Collector to emitter voltage Emitter to base voltage Collector current Total power dissipation Junction temperature Storage temperature Symbol VCBO VCEO VEBO IC PC Tj Tstg 60 40 6 200 625 150 55 to +150 Ratings V V V mA mW C C Unit

Rev.2.00, Jul.22.2004, page 1 of 5

2N3904

Electrical Characteristics
(Ta = 25C)
Item Collector to base breakdown voltage Collector to emitter breakdown voltage Emitter to base breakdown voltage Base cutoff current Collector cutoff current DC current transfer ratio Symbol V(BR)CBO V(BR)CEO V(BR)EBO IBL ICEX hFE Min 60 40 6 40 70 100 60 30 0.65 Typ 540 1.9 5.9 1.0 Max 50 50 300 0.2 0.3 0.85 0.95 Unit V V V nA nA V V V V MHz pF pF dB Test Conditions IC = 10 A, IE = 0 IC = 1 mA, RBE = IE = 10 A, IC = 0 VCE = 30 V, VEB = 3 V VCE = 30 V, VEB = 3 V VCE = 1 V, IC = 100 A VCE = 1 V, IC = 1 mA VCE = 1 V, IC = 10 mA VCE = 1 V, IB = 50 mA VCE = 1 V, IB = 100 mA IC = 10 mA, IB = 1 mA IC = 50 mA, IB = 5 mA IC = 10 mA, IB = 1 mA IC = 50 mA, IB = 5 mA VCE = 20 V, IC = 10 mA VCE = 5 V, IE = 0, f = 1 MHz VCE = 0.5 V, IE = 0, f = 1 MHz VCE = 5 V, IC = 0.1 mA, f = 1 MHz, Rg = 1 k

Collector to emitter saturation voltage Base to emitter saturation voltage Gain bandwidth product Collector output capacitance Collector input capacitance Noise figure

VCE(sat) VBE(sat) fT Cob Cib NF

Rev.1.00, Jul.22.2004, page 2 of 5

2N3904

Main Characteristics
Total Power Dissipation Curve
800 700
Total Power Dissipation PC (mW) Collector Current IC (mA)

Typical Output Characteristics (1)


100 90
1.0 mA

80 600 500 400 300 200 100 70 60 50

0.9 mA 0.8 mA 0.7 mA 0.6 mA 0.5 mA 0.4 mA

40
0.3 mA

30
0.2 mA

20
IB=0.1 mA

10 0 50 100 150 Ambient Temperature Ta (C) 200 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 Collector to Emitter Voltage VCE (V) 2.0

Typical Output Characteristics (2)


20
1.0 mA 0.9 mA

Typical Transfer Characteristics


100

Collector Current IC (mA)

0.7 mA 0.6 mA 0.5 mA 0.4 mA

Collector Current IC (mA)

15

0.8 mA

10

10

0.3 mA 0.2 mA IB=0.1 mA

0.1

75C 25C -25C


0.01 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1

0 0

20 25 30 10 15 35 Collector to Emitter Voltage VCE (V)

40

Base to Emitter Voltage VBE (V)

Base to Emitter & Collector to Emitter Saturation Voltage

DC Current Transfer Ratio vs. Collector Current


350 300
DC Current Transfer Ratio hFE

Base to Emitter & Collector to Emitter Saturation Voltage vs. Collector Current
1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9
VBE(sat), VCE(sat) (V)

IC = 10IB

250

VBE(sat)

-25C 25C 75C

-25C
200

0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0.1 VCE(sat)

25C
150

75C
100 50 0 0.01

75C 25C -25C 100

0.1

10

100

Collector Current IC (mA)

1 10 Collector Current IC (mA)

Rev.1.00, Jul.22.2004, page 3 of 5

2N3904
Base to Emitter & Collector to Emitter Saturation Voltage vs. Collector Current
Collector Input & Output Capacitance Cib, Cob (pF)

Base to Emitter & Collector To Emitter Saturation Voltage VBE(sat), VCE(sat) (V)

Collector Input & Output Capacitance vs. Voltage


10 IE = 0 Cib f = 1MHz

10

VBE(sat)

IC = 10IB IC = 20IB IC = 50IB IC = 50IB IC = 20IB IC = 10IB

Cob

VCE(sat) 0.1

0.01 0.1

10 100 Collector Current IC (mA)

1000

1 0.1

1 Voltage (V)

10

100

Switching Time vs. Collector Current


1000 VCC = 3V IC = 10 IB
Gain Bandwidth Product fT (MHz)

Gain Bandwidth Product vs. Collector Current


500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 VCE=1V

toff
Switching Time (ns)

10V

100

tstg

2V

6V

ton 10 td

1 1 10 100 Collector Current IC (mA) 1000

0 1 10 Collector Current IC (mA) 100

VCC +10.9V +10.9V 275 10K -0.5V < 1ns -9.1V < 1ns 10K

VCC

275

Figure 1

Delay and rise time equivalent test circuit

Figure 2

Storage and fall time equivalent test circuit

Rev.1.00, Jul.22.2004, page 4 of 5

2N3904

Package Dimensions
As of January, 2003
Unit: mm

4.8 0.3

3.8 0.3

2.3 Max 0.55 Max 0.7 0.60 Max

12.7 Min

5.0 0.2

0.5 Max

1.27 2.54

Package Code JEDEC JEITA Mass (reference value)

TO-92 (1) Conforms Conforms 0.25 g

Ordering Information
Part Name 2N3904 2500pcs Quantity Shipping Container Radial Taping (Hold Box)

Note: For some grades, production may be terminated. Please contact the Renesas sales office to check the state of production before ordering the product.

Rev.1.00, Jul.22.2004, page 5 of 5

Sales Strategic Planning Div.


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2004. Renesas Technology Corp., All rights reserved. Printed in Japan.


Colophon .1.0

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