Adams 1

Miles Lilly Professor Adams Eng. 2327 06/19/2012 Discuss why #7 and #10 of the federalist papers are so important to the development of the constitution. Both of these documents are important because of their idea of a central government as a mediating entity. They both do this by starting from divergent or different, but similar premises. In other words, they define the problem differently but they arrive at the compatible conclusions. Both of the federalist papers arrive at a similar conclusion, but get there in different ways. Madison starts Federalist #10 by discussing political factions. He claims that political factions are inevitable and that a republican government can act as a mediating force to stifle, what he refers to as the “violence of faction” (Madison 1066). He claims that “the latent causes of faction are thus sown in the nature of man” (Madison 1067). Using the example of debtors and creditors in conflict, he claims “Justice ought to hold the balance between them” (Madison 1067). In other words there should be some mediating entity between various factions. He claims that “pure Democracy”, “can admit no cure for the mischiefs of faction” (Madison 1068). He concludes his discussion of democracy stating “Democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security, or the rights of property; and have in general been as short in their lives, as they have been violent in their deaths”( Madison 1068). Both Hamilton and Madison seem to think that without a central government the

In summation Hamilton‟s model of conflict is the nation state. The commentary argues “this theory of human nature to argue for a strong notational government to check „factions and convulsions‟ which would otherwise tear states apart” (Rombes 1060). which they both refer to as Republican. Instead of factions. a union will mediate the warring tendencies of the various states. Though they have different positions they arrive at somewhat different conclusions. He states.„NEIBORING NATIONS (says he) naturally ENIMIES of each other unless their common weakness forces them to force them to league in a CONFEDERATE REPUBLIC”(Hamilton 1065).Adams 2 republic would collapse. In other words. Hamilton expresses a similar idea using nation states. though they are defending the same thing. The idea that they both share however. In summation both authors support the idea of a central Republican government. “If SHAYS had not been a desperate debtor it is muck to doubted whether Massachusetts would have been plunged into a civil war”(Hamilton 1063). is the idea of a mediating entity Hamilton and Madison seem to think that a federal government is need to pacify antagonisms between groups. . “The causes of hostility among nations innumerable” (Hamilton 1061) Hamilton speaks of factions as well. “An intelligent writer expresses himself on this effect. while Madison‟s is the political faction. Or an example of why a central government might be needed diffuse factions. He states. though his example is far more concrete. This is an example of the minority that may gain to much influence.

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