Analytical research papers

Analytical research paper, essentially a sub-type of an informative research paper, is a type of paper that presents information on the topic. However, instead of merely presenting the information, the writer must be able to conduct factual analysis of the data he or she presents. That is, evaluate his research materials in a manner that is unbiased. Do not confuse analysis with description. Presentation of bold facts has nothing to do with analysis. Development of own analytical skills is a key to success in writing of an analytical research paper. First and foremost, you have to choose the right topic. Trust your experience and sometimes intuition. You should choose topics in which you have deep knowledge, otherwise you will be unable to perform analysis of the selected issues. Analytical research papers are, perhaps, the most difficult to write. So, make proper preparations before sitting down to work.

Descriptive research project --

Descriptive research projects are designed to provide systematic information about a social phenomena. The researcher does not begin with hypotheses, but is likely to develop hypotheses after collecting data. Systematic information means careful selection of the units studied and careful measurement of each variable. Example: The Center for Disease Control report, "Tobacco Use among High School Students" (in Reader) is Descriptive. The Editorial Note at the end shows that it also is policy research.

Applied research is defined as systematic study to gain knowledge or understanding necessary to determine the means by which a recognized and specific need may be met.

The basic definition for applied research is any fact gathering project that is conducted with an eye to acquiring and applying knowledge that will address a specific problem or meet a specific need within the scope of an entity. Just about any business entity or community organization can benefit from engaging in this type of research.

Basic Research

such as improving crop production. Basic research aims to explain. . pressing a key). a popular memory procedure is to have people respond to words on a computer screen as fast as possible (e. From this basis.. and pollution. Does this ever happen in real life? Outside of a really weird video game. much of psychological research is basic research. When people undertake fundamental research they do so in order to learn about what it is they are researching. This procedure is just one example but in fact. It also needs the person or the people who are doing the research to have open minds as to what they actually discover. probably not. There are some scientists who feel very strongly about the two different types of research and who believe that more emphasis should be placed upon applied research in a concerted effort to improve the human condition. the over-use of the earth’s resources.g. For example. without regard to how those bases are manifested in the real world. and improving the energy efficiency of buildings. Is it important? Yes. and describe fundamental bases of behavior. It is also necessary for what may appear to be unrelated facts to be taken into consideration. predict. treating or curing particular diseases. saying the word. and transportation. Applied research differs from fundamental research because it is used to solve actual problems rather than just a way of gaining knowledge. and has been described as being curiosity driven. This can tell researchers about how information in your memory is linked to other information. as opposed to having a pre-conceived notion of what may occur and so only addressing what they believe to be pertinent. This means that many scientists use applied research in an attempt to resolve some of the many very real issues that face the modern world. a necessity brought about by problems such as over population.Basic research is used to explore the fundamental bases of behavior. it is possible for new developments and solutions to old problems to be considered. One of the characteristics of fundamental research is that the results can often be unpredictable and unexpected. and the future of the world as a planet. This means that fundamental research has often got to be multidisciplinary by its very nature. Fundamental research is research that is carried out in an attempt at discovery. it can tell us a great deal about the processes of memory. and as such it very often leads to new insights.

Some disadvantages of quantitative research are that the results collected are of a narrow set. It is also considered to be an important in terms of subjects. disability studies. nursing service studies. One is Qualitative marketing research and Qualitative research. preferably people unknown to the surveyor. Another advantage of quantitative research is that it uses standards that can be analysed and compared with other studies of a similar nature. This kind of research generally digs into human behaviour and also the various reasons that revolve around governing human behaviour. A conceptual framework is an attempt to model or understand some aspect of the world. education studies. or design technological solutions. . The development of standard questions can lead to a bias from the researcher as the questions may be intentionally. This level of control also means that some people may just agree with the answer that is the closest match to the answer they wanted to give. management studies. and this in turn will generalise results. where it is divided into two different terms. Quality research is mostly applied in social sciences. On the other hand Qualitative marketing research is used mostly for marketing and social science. Advantages of quantitative research are that it allows for a larger study with a higher number of people.Qualitative research is something that is related to or something that is concerned with quality rather than numeric values. and questions tend to have a number of responses for people to choose from. information studies. These responses are collected. The results of quantitative research are said to be "laboratory" as opposed to real world. clarify practical issues. It also allows for a greater degree of objectivity in that the research involves very few variables and prescribed procedures ensure a reliable set of answers. It is derived from the Middle English word producing a primary quality. and the procedures make sure that the results are reliable and valid. A personal opinion or bias can be avoided because of the large numbers of people. providing the information. and that they are limited because there is very little detail and not much room for people to elaborate if they wanted to do so. or unintentionally weighted to favour a particular set of answers. This is because there is a level of control to the questions. The more accurate the model the more theoretical weight it carries it explaining or predicting its subject. to measure the number of people who feel. A quantitative survey is said to include the answers of at least 50 subjects. Qualitative research is used in some of the fields like women's studies. think and act in particular ways. analysed and evaluated to make a decision based on the information given. social work studies. A conceptual framework can be used to build better theories. human service studies and others.

results from activities undertaken off. Field research involves a range of well-defined. Laboratory research attempts to investigate naturally occurring behaviors under controlled conditions with manipulated variables. devices. self-analysis. The reason for this is that unlike cross-sectional studies. These may be used for prevention. biologists who conduct field research may simply observe animals interacting with their environments. diagnosis or for relieving symptoms of a disease. whereas social scientists conducting field research may interview or observe people in their natural environments to learn their languages.An empirical article is a research article that reports the results of a study that uses data derived from actual observation or experimentation. The approaches and methods used in field research varies across disciplines. In clinical practice. A longitudinal study is a correlational research study that involves repeated observations of the same variables over long periods of time — often many decades. and in sociology to study life events throughout lifetimes or generations. in which different individuals with same characteristics are compared. Clinical Research is different than clinical practice. and social structures. analyses of personal documents produced within the group. Field research or fieldwork is the collection of information outside of a laboratory. although variable. Longitudinal studies are often used in psychology to study developmental trends across the life span. For example. . which is difficult to establish in natural settings without controlled conditions and manipulated variables. methods: informal interviews. participation in the life of the group. one used established treatments while in clinical research evidence is collected to establish a treatment. folklore. It is a type of observational study. This allows for the researcher to concluded causality between two variables. treatment. direct observation. collective discussions. Although the method generally is characterized as qualitative research. and lifehistories. library or workplace setting.or on-line. Clinical research is a branch of medical science that determines the safety and effectiveness of medications. diagnostic products and treatment regimens intended for human use. Laboratory research is research that is conducted in a room or room or building equipped for scientific experimentation or research. it may (and often does) include quantitative dimensions.

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