This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Maybe at the beginning, it could be a bit difficult for you the fact that you are so far away from your country, but don’t worry. Soon you will get used to this new situation that will bring you new friends and lots of new experiences that will enrich your knowledge, so it would be great if you could take advantage of this opportunity and enjoy your trip. If this helps you somehow here is my E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org, so don’t doubt in sending me one, anytime you need to resolve some difficulties. And if you need someone to talk to, here is my msn: email@example.com. You will find some very important grammar tips at the school virtual page, besides you will find a phrasal dictionary, too. I recommend you to read them all very carefully. I am sure they will be useful to you, not only for reading this book but also to use them in the future. I hope you will like this book that has been written especially for you to help you get the Cambridge First Certificate in English. If you want to
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take this exam in the country you are living in now, you can go to any British Institute or Council and, ask for information. Now that you are going to step into adulthood, stop for a while and reflect what you want to do with your life. Think about the career you are about to choose. Remember that you will probably work on it during most part of your life, so you have to be really sure before making one of the major decisions of your life. It would be of great help if you decide to trust God and ask Him to give you the touch of His grace, so you can choose what is best for you. Good luck, and be always conscious of the Lord’s presence around you, and you will succeed in everything you do. Best Wishes. Love. Your teacher, Jenny Always remember:
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“READING GOOD BOOKS FEEDS THE SOUL ”
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Remember..... Always try to be the best son/daughter, the best brother/sister, the best friend, the best student; and you will please GOD! “Kindliness is the oil that avoids frictions in life.” “Nobody needs a smile more, than the person who doesn’t have any left to give!”
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• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Introduction Exercises using Phrasal Verbs Passive Voice + Exercises Completing Questions Questions Tags + Exercises Words often confused + Exercise Use of English: Making friends and keeping them. How to make friends and influence people (exercise) Having Rapport with each other (exercise) How to lose friends and alienate people (exercise) Positive and Negative Adjectives Modifying Adjectives + Exercises Words often confused Making Dialogues Writing Letters Exam practices
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Here is some advice which will help you understand the importance of completing every single exercise of this book. As it is worldwide known, English is one of the most spoken languages in the world, and nowadays with the globalization more enterprises are looking for people who have a good level of English to work for them. The FCE (Cambridge First Certificate in English) is a world-wide acknowledged English Certificate which allows you work or study abroad. The FCE Exam consists of five parts or papers: • Paper 1: Reading (1 hour 15 minutes) • Paper 2: Writing (1 hour 30 minutes) • Paper 3: Use of English (1 hour 15 minutes) • Paper 4: Listening (40 minutes) • Paper 5: Speaking (14 minutes, approximately) Apart from the Speaking Test which is marked in the country you take the exam; all papers are marked in the United Kingdom by experienced examiners. About this book: • About printed pages: Just in case you prefer to print the pages you have to resolve, don’t use pencil. Besides, write clearly and neatly, so that I can understand your handwriting! • Exams: DO THE EXERCISES IN THIS BOOK, BEFORE DOING THE EXAMS AND READ THE INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY! GOOD LUCK!
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In this unit you will find different texts about friendship; how to get or lose friends and mostly important how to keep them.
Friendship is like Snowflakes, which are one of nature’s most fragile things, but just look what they can do when they stick together. Friendship is what binds the world together in peace. May we all become friends. A friend is someone who knows the song in your heart and can sing it back to you when you have forgotten the words.
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Before doing these exercises, press the Control Key and Click on
\Phrasal Dictionary\PHRASAL VERBS.doc, and take a look at the Phrasal Verb Dictionary. There, you can check the meaning of the following Phrasal verbs. A) Phrasal Verbs with up: Use the correct form of the Phrasal Verbs from the box to complete the following sentences. Don’t forget to change the tense of the verbs according to each sentence!
catch up come up
make up look up go up
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
I don’t believe you; I’m sure you’ve Which questions do you think are going to If you I’ve take up given up
the whole story! in the exam?
a sport, it’ll help you lose weight. smoking hundreds of times! It’s really easy. gone up today. I’m feeling hot.
The temperature’s I always look up
difficult words in the dictionary. catch up give up with the rest !I
If you miss lessons, you will have to try and of the class later. I
can’t work with this silly machine!
Complete the B) Phrasal Verbs relating with “travel”: gap!
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Replace the underlined words in these sentences with the correct form of one of the Phrasal Verbs below.
come across get away
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
pick up hold up
Sorry I’m late. I was in a meeting and I couldn’t leave / get away. Wait for me at the airport and I’ll come and get you / pick up you in the car. We should get to the airport one hour before the plane leaves / comes across. I was walking along the High Street when I met / set off an old friend. What time shall we start our journey / tomorrow? Sorry we’re late. We were delayed / held up by the traffic. When did you return / get back from your holidays?
C) Phrasal Verbs with on: Complete the sentences using the correct form of one of the Phrasal Verbs below.
look on turn on
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
count on put on
Her application was successful so they Could you We’re going to the radio the show
as an assistant manager.
? I’d like to hear the news. at Christmas. !
In New York people get mugged and passers-by just I’m sorry I can’t If you want to Can I working like this! I’ve had enough! in life, you have to work hard.
you to help me? You won’t let me down?
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D) Phrasal Verbs with go:
Match the Phrasal Verbs in list A with their meanings in list B. Write the correct number in each circle.
A go out go off go through go over go on go after go by pass
stop burning chase experience/suffer explode examine happen
Complete the following sentences using the correct form of the phrasal verbs above. the thieves drove off on their motorbike the police
them. 2. She really 3. “What’s
a bad time when her husband passed away. in here?” asked the teacher angrily. .
4. As we were watching TV, suddenly all the lights 5. The terrorists planted a bomb on the plane but fortunately it didn’t . 6. “Right, today I want to said the teacher. 7. If you happen to letter for me?
your homework with you,” the post office, could you send this
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E) Phrasal Verbs and idioms 1) look up 2) count on 3)let (you) down 4) take in 5) go on 6) put on 7) make up one’s mind 8) turn up 9) get away 10) put up with 11) catch up on 12) look for
Complete this text using the correct form of one of the phrasal verbs or idioms above. Use one of the verbs twice. Write the NUMBERS in the lines!
Although London, with its traffic, enormous distances and high cost of living, may be a bit too much to place if you just want to if you have to live there every day, London’s a great for the weekend. There is so much to choose from by what to do first.
way of entertainment that it will be difficult to
It is a good idea to get hold of a weekly entertainment guide, such as What’s On, To the names of cinemas, theatres, restaurants and clubs. If you want to
the latest developments in the arts, a magazine like Time Out will give you a brief account of what’s been .
Most of the entertainment available in London is in the West End or just over Waterloo Bridge in the South Bank Arts Centre. The West End is the heart of London’s theatre land, where famous theatre companies plays and musicals all round the in the theatres,
year. On the South Bank there is always something interesting concert halls and art galleries. If you are keen on dance, classical or modern, London won’t If it’s a good disco you’re
, try the Hippodrome in Charing Cross. If you want to Ronnie Scott’s in Soho at the door, you may
a spot of jazz during your visit, you can certainly for good quality jazz; but give them a ring first-if you just
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find it’s packed out.
In English, there are often two ways of talking about an action. You can use an active form, for example: • People play football everywhere. subject object ACTIVE VOICE
But when you want to move the focus from the subject to the object, then you use the passive form, for example: • Football is played everywhere. subject PASSIVE VOICE
That is because the action is more important than who does it. As you can see in the example, football which was the object in the active, becomes the SUBJECT in the PASSIVE. We also use the Passive Voice when we describe a process or write a rule. Examples: • • First, the eggs are beaten, and then the milk is added. Smoking is forbidden in any public establishment.
Look at the box, to see how to form the PASSIVE VOICE.
SUBJECT + BE + PAST PARTICIPLE
Note 1: The tense of the Verb to Be changes according to the tense used in the active voice but remember that the main verb always goes in participle! .Examples: Look at them carefully, analyzed them, and so you will understand them!
Present Simple Active Voice
Verb in Present T.
Verb TO BE in Present T.
They make champagne in France.
Champagne is made in France.
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Present Continuous Active Voice They are redecorating the hotel. Passive Voice The hotel is being redecorated.
Past Simple Active Voice Passive Voice
Someone built this bridge in the 18th This bridge was built in the 18th century. century.
Past Continuous Active Voice He was repairing the television when it exploded. Passive Voice The television was being repaired when it exploded.
Present Perfect Active Voice Passive Voice
The company has knocked down theThe building has been knocked building. down.
Past Perfect Active Voice Passive Voice
They had promoted him three times He had been promoted three times before becoming director. before becoming director.
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Future Active Voice Passive Voice
They will repair it by next Monday. Form be repaired by next Monday. Infinitive It will I am going to paint this room in blue. This room is going to be painted in blue. Auxiliaries move from the active to the passive without changing their tense, but they keep their form according to the subject they have before.
Modal Verbs Active Voice Scientists should stop experiments on animals. Astronauts might find life on another planet. They could do the things much better. Passive Voice Experiments on animals should be stopped. Life might be found on another planet. The things could be done much better.
The same rule as in the previous box.
Note 2: Very often by and the agent are omitted in passive voice because they are unknown, unimportant or obvious. Example: • Some engineers built that bridge in 1876.
That bridge was built in 1876.
When you want to mention what the agent used in order to carry out an action, you use with.
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Example: • He was stabbed with an old army knife. Note 4: You use it is said/ believed /claimed/ thought that to report what people say or think in general. Example: • • It is said that the economy will get stronger over the next few months. It is believed that he is the best person for the job.
Note 5: Some verbs have two objects in active sentences, e.g. give, lend, send, show. You can make either object the subject of a passive sentence. Example: • • I was given some money. They were sent a present. or or Some money was given to me. A present was sent to them.
Spoken English We can sometimes use get instead of be in a passive sentence. Example: • • “Carol got arrested last night.” “They got beaten in the very last match of the season.”
EXERCISES: Change the following sentences from one form to the other one. Examples: • • • • Two hundred umbrellas are left in London taxis every day. Passive Active
People leave two hundred umbrellas in London taxis every day.
They have transmitted signals from the mobile phone. Signals have been transmitted from the mobile phone.
1. Biking is forbidden in the park.
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2. People speak German in Germany.
3. Jimmy wrote a letter.
4. More soldiers have been sent to Iraq every day.
5. They will paint the old houses by the next week.
6. A tall building is being built near my neighbourhood.
7. Fruit should be eaten three times a day.
8. We were having dinner when the earthquake began. .
I hope you won’t end up like me!
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Complete this news report using the correct Passive form of the verbs in brackets. A large, cat-animal Two girls out riding their horses reared up on seeing the cat. The area by police, but the only trace of the animal that is a hair on a fence and paw marks, which it (see) in a field near Bath yesterday. (throw) when the horses (search) several times (find) so far (believe) must
(make) by a very large animal. “These paw marks couldn’t (make) by a dog,” said a police spokesperson. Another large, puma-like animal motorway at Dunstable a few days before this latest incident. “If it (see) by members of the public”, said the spokesperson, “it (should/report) at once.” What will happen if the creature (catch)? “It (shoot).” (sight)near a
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Use the words from the box.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
people often ask you for advice? you ever lost or found a lot of money? you remember the words of a song in English? there something you are really afraid of? would you like to be at the moment? is the best thing that has ever happened to you? you like to change anything about yourself? long have you known your best friend? you a good friend? has had the greatest influence on your life?
Easy, isn’t it?
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Question tags You use question tags to check information or to ask other people if they agree with you. You form a question tag with an auxiliary or a modal verb and a subject pronoun. The main patterns for question tags are: • positive statement + negative question tag You like pizza, don’t you? • negative statement + positive question tag You can’t speak French, can you? If you’re checking information, your voice goes up on the tag. You haven’t been to Spain, have you? (You don’t know the answer.)
If you’re asking someone to agree with you, your voice goes down on the tag. You live in London, don’t you? (You expect the answer to be “yes”.) Note: You usually use the same auxiliary or modal verb of the sentence. When there’s no auxiliary you use do or did according to the tense of the sentence. Match the sentences in list A with the question tags in list B. A 1 You couldn’t lend me some money, 2 You weren’t born here, 3 You haven’t read War and Peace, 4 You usually get up late, 5 You hadn’t seen a cartoon before, 6 You’d better study more, 7 You don’t know of any good books on grammar, 8 It could be a bit warmer this time of year, 9 I’m taller than you, 10 No one failed the last test, B hadn’t you? have you? were you? aren’t I? do you? could you? couldn’t it? had you? did they? don’t you?
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VERB invent discover create imagine compare
NOUN invention discovery creation imagination comparison danger science advise advice criticize criticism socialize society attend attendance
PERSON inventor discoverer creator
scientist advisor critic attendant
ADJECTIVE Inventive inventive creative imaginative comparative dangerous scientific advisable critical social
Complete the following sentences using the correct form of one of the words above. 1. Hanna is one of the 2. Newton of the Flintstones. gravity when an apple fell on his head. a lot of
3. The government’s economic policy has problems. 4. The everyday lives easier. 5. Leonardo da Vinci made many scientific 6. Television was 7. The 8. The most important 9. The by John L Baird in 1926. between them was obnoxious. .
of the washing machine has made people’s
event was the wedding. to the meeting was awesome!
Exam Practice: Use of English, Part 5 (Words often confused) Use the words given in Capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line.
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The first one is already done for you. Making friends and keeping them Making friends and influencing people is a gift that some people seem to be born INFLUENCE LUCK ACQUIRE COMFORT SOCIAL
with, while for others it is a skill that has to be through practice and hard work. It is, however, to know that most skills, particularly skills, can be learnt and that it is never too late to start improving. It is possible to make yourself more popular and even to be the centre of follow the at parties if you in this leaflet.
ATTEND ADVISE . CRITIC
If someone makes a mistake, try to avoid Instead, pretend you haven’t noticed the mistake or say Something . We all get depressed at
times and most people are willing to be
but it does get a bit tiresome hearing someone grumble all the time.
Rapport: How to make friends and influence people Use the words from the box to form a word that fits in each space according to the numbers given. The first one is already done for you!
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(5) communicate (10) deep
If people have rapport with each other, they have a relationship in which they have a special (1) ability to understand each other’s feelings or points of view. Knowing what rapport is, is a small step towards achieving it. The (2) trust and how can we extend this (4) in rapport? (5) question is: of how does one go about getting it if one does not have it? How do we create a (3)
skill? How do you know when two people are rapport, but that is only .
seems to flow when two people are in rapport; their bodies as well as
their words match each other. What we say can create or (6)
seven per cent of the communication. Body language and tone of voice are more (7) You may have noticed that people who are in rapport tend to mirror and match each other in posture, gesture and eye contact. It is like a dance, where partners respond and mirror each other’s (8) . Have you ever found yourself enjoying a (9) with someone and noticing that both your bodies have adopted the same posture? The (10) the rapport, the closer the match will tend to be. This skill seems to be inborn, for new-born babies move in rhythm with the voices of the people around them.
Here’s a lot of RAPPORT!
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For questions 1-15, read the text and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If a line is correct, put a tick ( ). If a line has a word which should not be there, write the word.
1 When people are not in the rapport their bodies reflect it – whatever 2 they are saying, their bodies will not be matching. They are not 3 engaged in the dance and you can see in it immediately. Successful 4 people create rapport and rapport creates trust. You can to create 5 rapport with anyone you wish. By consciously matching and mirroring 6 body language and tone of voice, you can very quickly gain rapport 7 with even almost anyone. To create rapport, join the other person’s 8 dance by matching to their body language sensitively and with 9 respect. This builds a bridge between you and in their model of the 10 world. Matching besides is not mimicry, which is a noticeable and 11 exaggerated copying of another person’s movements. You can match 12 arm movements by few small hand movements; body movements by 13 your head movements. When people move like each other, they like 14 each the other. But do not believe us. Notice what happens when you 15 mirror others. Then notice what will happens when you stop.
….mmm and more rapport!
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Have you ever been offended at not being invited to a party which everyone else you know seems to have been to and had a good time at? Have you ever told a joke that no one found very amusing?
Making friends and influencing people
is a gift that a select few seem to be born with, while for the rest of us it is a skill that needs to be practised; and it can be learnt. After all, everyone likes to be popular - we all like to be invited to parties and to be the centre of attention, at least some of the time. Although experts have written books on how to make friends and influence people, for me, the first lessons I received in how to be sociable go back to when we were at primary school.
In our class, there was a boy no one liked. It wasn’t because he was disgusting, like Billy Reilly, who chewed erasers and then spat out the pieces onto his desk. Nor was he like Lorraine Smith, whose dad was the headmaster of the school and who always wanted to be popular with the teachers and so kept putting her hand up to answer questions (even when she had no idea what the answer was).
was so desperate to be liked by the rest of us that eventually even the most tolerant amongst us couldn’t stand him. (We were only eleven at the time.) The more he tried to be liked, the less we liked him. The irony was that on the surface Edgar Price should have been the most popular kid in class. He shared his sweets, he gave you the answers in tests and he gave great
But underneath, it gradually became obvious that Edgar cared only for one person - himself. He was totally self-centred, but made it worse by pretending he cared about others.
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You could tell from his voice that his mind was on other things. And he
always managed to twist every topic of conversation back round to his favourite subject - the life and times of Edgar Price. It was rather a dull story, anyway.
Another thing which made him difficult to like was that he was so miserable -a real prophet of doom. He was always predicting bad weather when there was a big match on, infectious diseases when someone was off ill and earthquakes all year round. We knew he just wanted attention.
Once there really was an earthquake
and when Edgar said, “I told you so”, it did not make us like him more. I think it was an American president who once said, “If you’re talking, you aren’t listening”, and, in spite of the faulty grammar, there is an important lesson here.
The upshot of all this is that one should not try too hard to be liked and, on
the practical side, if you want to be on good terms with people, talking less and listening more is the golden rule for becoming someone it is good to be with.
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Have you got an idea what these are for?
Eight sentences have been removed from the text. Choose from the sentences A-l the one which fits each gap (1-8). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. The first one is already done for you!
A He would even ask to carry your bag if it seemed stuffed with books. B He wasn’t even very good at covering up his real feelings. C No, Edgar’s problem was far more irritating: he tried too hard to be a “good guy”. D Of course, if you make a dozen predictions, one of them is bound to come true. E Once during a maths test, I had no idea what the answers were. F His dad was an accountant with customers in the Middle East, hardly Lawrence of Arabia. G Do people “switch off” when you’re talking to them? H Though it was a long time ago, I remember some of the kids as if it were yesterday. I We like the sound of our own voice, but the people we’re speaking to probably feels the same about their voice too.
Here are some adjectives used to describe people’s characters. Fill in the chart on the next page.
sympathetic cheerful helpful tactless tactful shy
selfish gloomy brilliant
tolerant generous difficult
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POSSITIVE ADJECTIVES sympathetic
NEGATIVE ADJECTIVES selfish
From the same chart choose three adjectives to describe the qualities you like most in a friend, use red colour to identify them, and use blue to choose another three to describe someone you don’t like.
Which of the following adjectives describe Edgar Price? Mark them out. sociable self-centred miserable disgusting popular irritating
Which other adjectives from the chart would you use to describe Edgar Price? What advice would you give him?
Modifying adjectives You can increase or reduce the strength of adjectives by using modifiers. Here are some modifiers arranged roughly from weak to strong. a bit
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You are driving a bit fast. You are driving a pretty fast. You are driving a extremely fast. Use a modifier and an adjective from the chart to describe the people who said the following sentences. You can use more than one adjective. The first one is already done for you! 1 Things are bound to get worse. a bit gloomy, rather pessimistic 2 I'm the best student in the class.
3 I've got two free tickets for the concert. Why don't you have one of them?
4 Well, it's been really great chatting to you. Why don't we meet for coffee sometime?
5 I hope you don't mind my mentioning it, but you've got chocolate on your cheek.
6 Who's that letter from? What does it say? It's not private, is it?
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7 I'm not giving any money to the homeless. If they need money, they can go out and work for it like I do. 8 I find it difficult to talk to people at parties.
9 I don't think my score was anything special. It was partly luck and partly team-work.
10 Look, I'm sorry, could you take this soup back, it's too salty. And by the way, could you bring me a clean glass? And could you change this butter for margarine please...
Describe these people, using modifiers and adjectives: Example: I can be rather tactless sometimes…………….. yourself your best friend a member of your family
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Words often confused nervous bad-tempered moody anxious
Complete these sentences using one of the words above. 1 A teacher or parent who is always shouting is feel . . . .
2 You are expecting the results of an exam, or you don’t want to miss your plane; you 3 Before an interview or exam you may feel 5 John way so
4 Your friend is often cheerful or depressed within a very short time. He is on his wedding day that he forgot his bride’s name. on Monday morning. about the harvest. , but says it’s because she’s an artist. 6 My boss is usually very 7 The drought has made farmers 8 Susan admits she’s
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1) Imagine that you have accidentally upset a good friend of yours by something you’ve said. You haven’t spoken for weeks. Ask “a friend” for advice. 2) Then, imagine that a student in your class comes to you for advice. This student has upset a good friend and doesn’t know what to do. Give him some advice.
Here are some tips that will help you to create your dialogue. Giving Advice: Why don’t you…..? If I were you, I’d…… You should…. Have you thought about.........? (+-ing) The best thing to do is…….. You could try to ……. (+-ing) What about……… (+-ing) Perhaps you could…….
Asking for Advice: Could I have a word with you? Could I ask your advice about something? What would you advise? What should I do?
Complaining: I don’t understand why……. Why don’t people understand……? I can’t see why……… I get fed up with…….
Note: Advise Advice Verb Noun
32 Este material educativo es para uso exclusivo de los alumnos del Programa de Educación a Distancia del Liceo Naval “Almirante Guise”
33 Este material educativo es para uso exclusivo de los alumnos del Programa de Educación a Distancia del Liceo Naval “Almirante Guise”
Exam practice: Transactional letter (letter asking for information) In Part 1 of the writing exam, you have to write a transactional letter. A transactional letter has a practical purpose (you want to get something done) and it requires a reply from the person you send it to. Here are some of the different types of letter you may have to write: • a letter of complaint • a letter of invitation • a letter asking for information • a letter describing something (e.g. something lost or stolen) You will be given information with which to answer the question, such as an advertisement, notes, another letter or a picture. You may also be asked to add your own ideas. The style of the letter should be formal or semi-formal, depending on who you are writing to and why. Here are some tips on writing a transactional letter. • Make sure that you include all the information you are supposed to. You will lose marks if you don't. • Use key words from the information given. Don't copy whole sentences. • Think about who you are writing to, and make the style of your letter appropriate. The examiners give marks for appropriacy as well as for accurate grammar and vocabulary. • Open and close your letter appropriately. (It is not necessary to write addresses.) • Organize the information clearly into paragraphs. Each paragraph should have a specific purpose. • Explain in the first sentence why you are writing. • State in the last sentence what you expect from the reader.
34 Este material educativo es para uso exclusivo de los alumnos del Programa de Educación a Distancia del Liceo Naval “Almirante Guise”
ANSWER THIS QUESTION. You are interested in visiting the USA and you have seen this advertisement in a magazine. Write a letter to Oceanview Adventures asking for more information. Use the notes on the advertisement. Write between 120 and 180 words.
Where is this exactly?
Which countries do they come from?
STUDENTS! What kind of place is it? VISIT FLORIDA, USA Spend 6 days of fun in Orlando this summer with other students 12-18 years old from around the world. Tour Disney World, Kennedy Space Center, Movie Studios, & much more! Write for free details of this holiday adventure
Do these cost extra? How much?
Do they speak English?
Ocean Adventures,What are the dates PO Box 108, Clarksville, TN 37041, USA.
Here are two students’ answers to the question. Read them quickly and decide which is better.
Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing in response to the_advertiznient about student holidays in Florida who I saw in yesturday's International Herald News. Although I am interested to the holiday, I would like and more informations. I am 15 years old and my English are very good but I would like to improve it. First, could you tell me where the other children will be coming from? Will they be able to speak English? What kind ofacomodation will there be. I would and like to know if I must to shair a room with others students. Could you also tell me more about how the six days will be organized? Are the trips you are referred to included in the fee or do we must pay extra? I look forward to hearing from you, yours 35 faithfully, Este material educativo es para uso exclusivo de los alumnos del Programa de Educación a Distancia del
Liceo Naval “Almirante Guise”
Dear Mister (or Madam), I am writing because of your notice about holidays in Floreda this summer for the young guys (and girls). You said it is a 'holiday adventure' which sounds too intresting but I want more details, as cluickly as it is possible. The first thing I must to ask is wear exactly Orlando is? Is it far from Florida? Is it nearby Hollywood? You talk for students from abroad -how many other students will it be and which countries they come from? Of course I have to know the bill for all this - how much! I must have these informations? Yes and how will I pay all this? I got lots of songs in English and I really go for everything American so that's why I love to coming to America. It will be my first time. And pleese: a bit more informations - cos I need to know more.
That's all for now., Write soon Best wishes, Marcus
36 Este material educativo es para uso exclusivo de los alumnos del Programa de Educación a Distancia del Liceo Naval “Almirante Guise”
Put ticks to complete this table according to whether the letters have the following features. Underline examples of the features in the letters.
Relevant information Good vocabulary & grammar Formal expression Clear paragraphs Appropriate salutation & ending
Letter A Letter B
Irrelevant information Grammar mistakes Wrong words Spelling mistakes Too informal Unclear paragraphs
Letter A Letter B
Now it’s your turn. Write your own letter answering the advertisement on the previous page. Write between 120 and 180 words.
37 Este material educativo es para uso exclusivo de los alumnos del Programa de Educación a Distancia del Liceo Naval “Almirante Guise”
This kind of exercise is frequently used throughout this book because you must be an expert on this. You have to complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Don’t change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given. Example: Berlin is not an easy city to move about in. difficult It is difficult to move about in Berlin. 1. I wonder if you could open the window. You couldn’t 2. I do my best not to get stuck in the rush hour on the way home. I try very hard hour on the way home. 3. I don’t think anyone passed the test. No one 4. No other European city is as polluted as Athens. Athens is 5. Why don’t we go and see a film tonight? Let’s go 6. The city first metro system is now being built. The government 7. Could you tell me which person has influenced you most? greatest
38 Este material educativo es para uso exclusivo de los alumnos del Programa de Educación a Distancia del Liceo Naval “Almirante Guise”
could you? avoid in the rush
did they? most city in Europe. cinema tonight. building first metro system.
influence on you?
Londoners used to pride themselves on their transport system. proud Londoners their transport system. been English?
When did you start to learn English? How
Exam practice: GRAMMAR AND USE OF ENGLISH: For questions 1-15, read the text below and decide which answer A, B, C, or D best fits each space. Look at the example: (0) B Walt Disney There is no one who has not heard of Walt Disney; he is without (0) B one of the most famous figures in the twentieth century and (1) anything about him. (2) (3) in (6) most people know hardly he became one of the most successful men in history, he started to produce cartoons in Hollywood to become as of his lovable cartoon
school at the age of sixteen and then studied art for a short time. By the (4) years of this century, he had (5) with his brother Roy, who, for some reason, never (7)
famous as Walt. Disney is perhaps most well known on (8) character, Mickey Mouse, who first (9) One of the most (10) history of the cinema. (12) Dwarfs, which, when it was (11)
in 1928 in a film called Steamboat Willie. in 1937, was the first full-length cartoon in the of
cartoons films of all time is Snow White and the Seven
the 1950s, Walt Disney had become one of the world’s major (13) on to publish books for
films for cinema and television. As Disney Production (14) complete artistic control of the films and he also (15) Pluto the dog. 0 A comparison 1 A yet 2 A Despite 3 A graduated 4 A primary B doubt B then B In spite of B completed B early C disagreement C already C Although C left C beginning
, its founder retained
children and cartoon strips in newspaper, featuring such characters as Donald Duck and
D explanation D however D Even D failed D initial
39 Este material educativo es para uso exclusivo de los alumnos del Programa de Educación a Distancia del Liceo Naval “Almirante Guise”
5 A still 6 A partnership 7 A achieved 8 A case 9 A appeared 10 A common 11 A seen 12 A Until 13 A businessmen 14 A grew 15 A took
B soon B friendship B reached B account B performed B excited B released B Since B owners B enlarged B put
C yet C relationship C succeeded C view C starred C popular C circulated C BY C publishers C increased C pushed
D already D membership D managed D regard D began D known D advertised D To D producers D succeeded D went
40 Este material educativo es para uso exclusivo de los alumnos del Programa de Educación a Distancia del Liceo Naval “Almirante Guise”
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