UPSC Sociology-1995.pdf | Émile Durkheim | Sociology

UPSC Sociology-1995

1. Which one of the following was suggested by Durkheim to sociologists to ensure objectivity? (a) Avoid study of values (b) Use of quantitative data (c) Use of precise measurement (d) Treat social facts as things 2. According to Talcott Parsons, where expectations are not understood, and not fulfilled where they are understood, the result is (a) anomie (b) conflict (c) deviance (d) anarchy 3. The principle which explains the significant ritual and social role of mother’s brother in a Patrilineal society is known as (a) consanguinity (b) affinity (c) complimentary filiations (d) joking relationship 4. A group of relatives which includes all those consanguineous relatives to whom an individual feels some sense of obligation is called (a) kindred (b) cognate (c) agnate (d) uterine 5. Max Weber traces the rise of capitalism to (a) Renaissance (b) Peasant protest (c) Calvinism (d) Catholicism 6. According to Karl Marx there was communal ownership of land in the (a) Asiatic mode of production (b) ancient mode of production (c) feudal mode of production (d) capitalist mode of production 7. The term ‘over-urbanization’ means (a) Rapid urbanization (b) Urbanization at the cost of rural development (c) Urbanization without the essential infrastructure (d) Emergence of megapolis 8. Totemism is a belief in (a) an object vested with a spirit and mind (b) a deity vested with power and spirit (c) a spirit vested with power and piety (d) an object vested with spirit and power 9. The theory of belief system relating to the concept of soul (anima) in primitive society was formulated by (a) Emile Durkheim (b) E.B. Tylor (c) Max Weber (d) Frazer 10. Successful economic development in complex societies requires not only a balance between industrialization and agricultural development but also a balanced growth of (a) distributive system (b) urbanization (c) foreign trade (d) modernization

UPSC Sociology-1995
11. Aspirations for improvement in caste-status are common but it is not achieved unless a caste acquires (a) ritual purity (b) group acceptance (c) power and privileges (d) official connections 12. Jajmani system indicates a set of (a) contractual relations (b) political relations (c) marital relations (d) economic relations 13. The inequality implied in estate system is based primarily on differences in (a) wealth (b) occupation (c) legal rights (d) education 14. The rural area surrounded by the city is known as (a) suburban (b) hinterland (c) urban village (d) slum 15. The idea of folk-urban continuum was developed on the basis of the studies conducted in (a) Mexico (b) Brazil (c) Indonesia (d) India 16. Who among the following held the view that differentiation in authority is the basis of division in society? (a) Marx (b) Dahrendorf (c) Weber (d) Coser 17. Ralph Linton codified cultural items into (a) elements and themes (b) elements, structures and functions (c) universals, alternatives and specialities (d) converging uniformities 18. When a collectivity of individuals is emotionally aroused and is engaged in, or is ready to engage in violent action, it is designated as (a) a crowd (b) a gang (c) a mob (d) a group 19. When a person deliberately avoids using the cultural practices of another group his behavior can be best described as (a) out-group behavior (b) in group behavior (c) secondary group behavior (d) reference group behavior 20. A depiction of the organized pattern of inter related rights obligations of individuals in a group in terms of their statuses and roles gives us its (a) social dynamics (b) social structure (c) social formation (d) social class

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.